FUNCTIONALIZED PERFLUOROPOLYETHER MATERIAL AS A HYDROPHOBIC COATING
In some embodiments, without limitation, a hydrophobic photoresist material and a method of making the photoresist material are provided. The photoresist...
PHOTORESIST COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS OF FORMING PHOTOLITHOGRAPHIC PATTERNS
Provided are photoresist compositions useful in forming photolithographic patterns by a negative tone development process. Also provided are methods of forming...
PHOTORESIST COMPOSITION AND METHOD OF FORMING PATTERN USING THE SAME
A photoresist composition and method of forming a pattern using the same are provided. The photoresist composition includes a 60 to 90 wt % novolac resin, a...
PRODUCING METHOD OF TONER FOR DEVELOPING STATIC IMAGE
A method of producing a toner comprising toner particles containing a binder resin composed of a non-crystalline polyester resin having a crosslinking structure...
PROCESSES FOR PRODUCING POLYESTER LATEXES WITH IMPROVED HYDROLYTIC
A process for making a latex emulsion suitable for use in a toner composition includes contacting at least one crystalline polyester resin with an organic...
CARRIER FOR DEVELOPING ELECTROSTATIC CHARGE IMAGE, DEVELOPER FOR
DEVELOPING ELECTROSTATIC CHARGE IMAGE,...
A carrier for developing an electrostatic charge image comprising a core material and a coating resin layer that covers the core material,wherein the core...
CARRIER FOR DEVELOPING ELECTROSTATIC LATENT IMAGE, AND TWO-COMPONENT
DEVELOPER, SUPPLEMENTAL DEVELOPER, IMAGE...
A carrier comprising a magnetic core particle having a shape factor SF-2 of 130 to 160 and a resin layer covering a surface of the magnetic core particle. The...
TONER FOR DEVELOPING ELECTROSTATIC LATENT IMAGE AND METHOD OF PREPARING
A toner includes a binder including two different weight molecular weight resins, a colorant, and a releasing agent, wherein a gel permeation chromatogram (GPC)...
BLACK MAGNETIC IRON OXIDE PARTICLES
The present invention relates to black magnetic iron oxide particles comprising magnetite as a main component, wherein when the black magnetic iron oxide...
MAGNETIC COMPOSITE PARTICLES, MAGNETIC CARRIER AND DEVELOPER
The present invention relates to magnetic composite particles comprising at least magnetic fine particles and a bio-based polymer, wherein the magnetic...
TONER, DEVELOPER, IMAGE FORMING METHOD AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS
A toner containing toner particles, each toner particle containing: a releasing agent; a colorant; and a binder resin containing at least a crystalline...
IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS
An image forming apparatus includes a developer tank which houses two-component developer containing toner and carrier, and a supply unit which supplies the...
IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND TONER FOR DEVELOPING LATENT ELECTROSTATIC
A toner which contains: toner base particles having Dv of 4.0-6.0 .mu.m; and two or more additives on surfaces of the toner base particles, where the additives...
IMAGE BEARING MEMBER
An image bearing member including an electroconductive substrate, a photosensitive layer provided overlying the electroconductive substrate, and a furan...
ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PHOTORECEPTOR, ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC IMAGE FORMING
METHOD, ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC IMAGE FORMING...
An N-phenyl-diphenylisoindole derivative having the following formula (I): ##STR00001## wherein each of R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 represents a hydrogen atom, a ...
ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PHOTORECEPTOR, METHOD FOR PRODUCING
ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PHOTORECEPTOR, IMAGE FORMING...
An electrophotographic photoreceptor is provided, which includes: a substrate; a photosensitive layer; and a surface protective layer, in this order, in which...
METHOD FOR PHOTO-ALIGNMENT TREATMENT, MASK FOR PHOTO-ALIGNMENT TREATMENT,
AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING ALIGNMENT FILM
A method for photo-alignment treatment in which at least the number of kinds of photo masks or the number of exposure that are necessary for domain division can...
METHOD FOR DESIGN AND MANUFACTURE OF DIAGONAL PATTERNS WITH VARIABLE
SHAPED BEAM LITHOGRAPHY
In the field of semiconductor device production, a method for manufacturing a surface using two-dimensional dosage maps is disclosed. A set of charged particle...
OPTICAL COMPENSATION DEVICES, SYSTEMS, AND METHODS
Photolithographic apparatus, systems, and methods that make use of optical compensation devices are disclosed. In various embodiments, an imaging mask includes...
PHOTOMASK BLANK AND MAKING METHOD, PHOTOMASK, LIGHT PATTERN EXPOSURE
METHOD, AND DESIGN METHOD OF TRANSITION...
A photomask blank has a film of a transition metal/silicon base material comprising a transition metal, silicon, oxygen and nitrogen, having an oxygen content...
PLATINUM-CONTAINING CATALYST AND FUEL CELL USING THE SAME
A platinum-containing catalyst that is able to optimize state density of platinum 5d vacant orbital and is able to improve catalyst activity and a fuel cell...
INTERCONNECTING PLATE FOR SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD
THEREOF, AND SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL...
Disclosed herein are an interconnecting plate for a solid oxide fuel cell, a manufacturing method thereof, and a solid oxide fuel cell using the interconnecting...
Anode-Side Catalyst Composition For Fuel Cell and Membrane Electrode
Assembly (MEA) For Solid Polymer-Type Fuel...
To provide a technique capable of improving the deterioration of a fuel cell due to a non-stationary operation (start/stop, fuel shortage) and ensuing a low...
PROCESS AND MATERIALS FOR MANUFACTURING AN ELECTRODE WITH REDUCED MUD
A substantially crack-free electrode layer is described. The substantially crack-free electrode layer includes a substrate; and a substantially crack-free...
MATERIAL FOR SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL, CATHODE INCLUDING THE MATERIAL, AND
SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL INCLUDING THE...
A material for a solid oxide fuel cell, the material including a lanthanum metal oxide having a perovskite-type crystal structure; and a ceria metal oxide,...
SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL
Disclosed herein is a solid oxide fuel cell. A solid oxide fuel cell 100 according to the present invention is configured to include an anode support 110, a...
POLYMER ELECTROLYTE-CATALYST COMPOSITE STRUCTURE PARTICLE AND
MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, ELECTRODE, MEMBRANE...
Polymer electrolyte-catalyst particles that are effective in preventing agglomeration of catalyst particles and polymer electrolyte particles, effective in the...
MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, AND FUEL CELLS
The membrane electrode assembly 100 has an electrolyte layer 10, a catalyst layer 20, and a member 15 impregnated with electrolyte which is arranged between the...
SEALING STRUCTURE OF FUEL CELL
A sealing structure of a fuel cell has a first gasket made of an elastomer and provided integrally on a separator, and a second gasket made of an elastomer and...
SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL MODULE
Disclosed herein is a solid oxide fuel cell module. The solid oxide fuel cell module according to the present invention includes: a plurality of unit cells each...
FUEL CELL SYSTEM
The fuel cell system includes: a fuel cell stack which is supplied with reaction gas, and performs electricity generation; a reaction gas supplier which...
FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND FUEL-CELL VEHICLE
A fuel cell system includes fuel cells, a circulation channel of a coolant to cool the fuel cells, and an ion exchange resin provided on the circulation channel...
FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND CONTROL METHOD THEREFOR
The amount of fuel supplied to a fuel cell is set to a second set value Qm2 smaller than a first set value Qm1 determined based on a load. Then, an output...
LOW COST METHOD AND SIGNAL PROCESSING ALGORITHM TO RAPIDLY DETECT ABNORMAL
OPERATION OF AN INDIVIDUAL FUEL CELL...
A system and method for determining reactant gas flow through a fuel cell stack to determine potential stack problems, such as a possible low performing fuel...
DYNAMIC VOLTAGE SUPPRESSION IN A FUEL CELL SYSTEM
A system and method for determining a maximum average cell voltage set-point for fuel cells in a fuel cell stack that considers oxidation of the catalyst in the...
FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF
A fuel cell system is provided with a fuel cell, a first combustor, a first heating gas return channel and a gas supplier. The fuel cell includes a solid...
HYDROGEN GENERATION DEVICE AND FUEL CELL SYSTEM EQUIPPED WITH SAME
A hydrogen generation apparatus according to the present invention includes: a hydrogen generator configured to generate a fuel gas through a reforming reaction...
POWER GENERATION SYSTEM
There is provided a power generation system capable of obtaining both of electrical energy and heat energy by utilizing light energy. The power generation...
JOHNSON AMBIENT-HEAT ENGINE
An ambient-heat engine has a substantially thermally-conductive housing whose interior is divided into a high-pressure chamber and a low-pressure chamber by a...
FUEL CELL SYSTEM FOR IMPROVING FUEL SUPPLY
A fuel cell system includes a fuel cell for generating electric power by using a fuel, a valve module that controls a flow of a low concentration fuel...
FUEL CELL SYSTEM
A fuel cell system comprises a fuel cell unit for generating electric power using fuel gas and oxidizing gas and supplying the electric power; a condensed water...
THREE ELECTRODE TYPE OF MICROBIAL FUEL CELL AND A METHOD FOR OPERATING THE
Provided are a three electrode type microbial fuel cell and a method of operating the same. The fuel cell includes a sediment electrode acting as an anode and...
NEGATIVE ELECTRODE FOR LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY AND LITHIUM ION
SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING THE SAME
A negative electrode for a lithium ion secondary battery includes a negative electrode core member and a negative electrode mixture layer adhering to the...
PRODUCING SOLVENT MIXTURES HAVING A LOW WATER CONTENT
A process for producing a solvent mixture comprising (A) at least one compound of formula (I) ##STR00001## (B) at least one compound of formula (II a) or (II...
A grid network for a battery plate is provided. The grid network includes a plurality of spaced apart grid wire elements, each grid wire element having opposed...
LITHIUM PRIMARY BATTERY
A lithium primary battery includes a positive electrode, a negative electrode, a separator and a nonaqueous electrolytic solution both disposed between the...
POSITIVE ACTIVE MATERIAL, METHOD OF PREPARING THE SAME, AND LITHIUM
BATTERY INCLUDING THE POSITIVE ACTIVE MATERIAL
A positive active material, a method of preparing the same, and a lithium secondary battery including the positive active material.
POSITIVE ELECTRODE PLATE, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AND LITHIUM
BATTERY INCLUDING THE POSITIVE...
A positive electrode plate, a method of manufacturing the same, and a lithium battery including the positive electrode plate are disclosed. The positive...
Graphene-enhanced anode particulates for lithium ion batteries
A nano graphene-enhanced particulate for use as a lithium-ion battery anode active material, wherein the particulate is formed of a single sheet of graphene or...
POSITIVE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY, METHOD OF
PREPARING THE SAME, AND RECHARGEABLE...
Provided is a positive active material for a lithium rechargeable battery that includes primary particles including a compound being capable of intercalating...