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IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS
An image forming apparatus includes a forming unit that forms a toner image with a substantially flat toner containing a substantially flat metal pigment on a...
IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, DRUM UNIT, AND DEVELOPING UNIT
An image forming apparatus comprises image forming sections for each color, each including a pressure receiving parts pair in a first outer region of a first...
DEVELOPING DEVICE, IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, METHOD OF DETECTING DEVELOPER
AMOUNT, AND NON-TRANSITORY RECORDING...
A developing device includes a development unit, a developer amount detector, an accuracy requirement determiner, and a detection count setting unit. The...
DEVELOPING DEVICE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCLUDING DEVELOPING DEVICE
In a developing device, a sheet member is provided via a gap at a second specific position in a specific region between a position on a downstream side in a...
CONDUCTIVE ROLLER AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME
To provide a conductive roller which can attain a desired conductivity and low compression set and which can suppress production material cost. A conductive...
IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS
A pixel distance corrector configured to correct a pixel distance in the main scanning direction so that latent images corresponding to each pixel of image...
IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND OPTICAL SCANNING APPARATUS FOR SCANNING
PHOTOSENSITIVE MEMBER WITH LIGHT SPOT
An image forming apparatus includes: a scanning unit configured to form a latent image on a photosensitive member, wherein a scanning speed changes within a...
IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS THAT FORMS LATENT IMAGE BY IRRADIATING
PHOTOSENSITIVE MEMBER WITH LIGHT
A scanning unit performs scanning over a photosensitive member with a laser beam irradiated from a light source. A width correction unit corrects exposure...
OPTICAL SCANNING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS
A seal member is injection-molded with a simple structure that needs no complicated assembling process. An optical scanning device 21 includes a light source unit...
IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND SURFACE PROCESSING APPARATUS
Provided is an image forming apparatus including an image forming section that forms a toner image according to image data on a transported recording medium, a...
IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS
An image forming apparatus prints a special color image on the top of and/or the bottom of primary colors and black images. At least one first print engine...
ELECTROSTATIC INK COMPOSITIONS
Herein is disclosed an electrostatic ink composition comprising a resin and a conductive pigment, wherein the resin comprises a co-polymer formed from an...
HIGH OPACITY WHITE INKS CONTAINING MICA-BASED MINERALS WITH TITANIA
A high opacity white ink containing a mica-based mineral with titania is provided. A method of manufacturing the high opacity white ink is also provided.
TONER FOR DEVELOPMENT OF ELECTROSTATIC IMAGES
The object of the present invention is to provide a toner for development of electrostatic images (hereinafter referred to as toner) which, while preventing...
ELECTROSTATIC LATENT IMAGE DEVELOPING TONER
An electrostatic latent image developing toner includes toner particles that each include a toner core and a shell layer disposed over a surface of the toner...
PIGMENT DISPERSION AND TONER
A pigment dispersion containing a pigment, a non-water-soluble solvent, a compound in which an specific azo skeleton structure is bonded to a specific polymer...
ELECTROSTATIC CHARGE IMAGE DEVELOPING WHITE TONER, ELECTROSTATIC CHARGE
IMAGE DEVELOPER, AND TONER CARTRIDGE
An electrostatic charge image developing white toner includes toner particles that contain a binder resin, a titanium dioxide as a pigment and at least one...
TONER FOR ELECTROSTATIC CHARGE IMAGE DEVELOPMENT
Provided is a toner for electrostatic charge image development which satisfies both low temperature fixability and an excellent storage stability and realizes...
TONER FOR DEVELOPING ELECTROSTATIC CHARGE IMAGE, ELECTROSTATIC CHARGE
IMAGE DEVELOPER, TONER CARTRIDGE, PROCESS...
According to one example of the present application, there is provided a toner for developing an electrostatic charge image, containing: a toner particle...
Provided is a toner that is excellent in heat-resistant shelf stability and low-temperature fixability, has durability, and causes less occurrence of fogging...
TONER AND TONER PRODUCTION METHOD
A toner including a toner particle containing a binder resin, a pigment, a pigment dispersant and an amorphous resin, in which the pigment dispersant has a...
ELECTROSTATIC CHARGE IMAGE DEVELOPER, DEVELOPER CARTRIDGE, AND PROCESS
An electrostatic charge image developer includes an electrostatic charge image developing carrier containing a ferrite particle and an electrostatic charge...
TONER AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME
A toner including toner particles containing a binder resin, a pigment, a crystalline resin and an amorphous resin. The adsorption rate A1 of the crystalline...
A toner having a toner particle that contains a binder resin, a pigment, a pigment dispersant, and a crystalline polyester, wherein the pigment dispersant has...
ROBUST PHASE INVERSION EMULSIFICATION PROCESS FOR POLYESTER LATEX
The disclosure provides robust phase inversion emulsification (PIE) processes, which produces polyester latex particles having particle size distributions with...
ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PHOTORECEPTOR, PROCESS CARTRIDGE, AND IMAGE FORMING
An electrophotographic photoreceptor includes a conductive substrate, and a single-layer type photosensitive layer that contains a binder resin, a charge...
METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR INSPECTION AND METROLOGY
A method and apparatus for position control of a component relative to a surface is disclosed. The method may include calculating an estimated effect of, or...
EXPOSURE APPARATUS, EXPOSURE METHOD, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING DEVICE
An exposure apparatus includes a projection system having a final element that projects exposure light to an upper surface of a substrate through liquid...
EDGE EXPOSURE APPARATUS, EDGE EXPOSURE METHOD AND NON-TRANSITORY COMPUTER
An edge exposure apparatus includes: an imaging unit that images a front surface of a substrate; a substrate holding unit; an exposure unit that exposes an...
DEVICE FOR DETERMINING A TILT ANGLE OF AT LEAST ONE MIRROR OF A
LITHOGRAPHY SYSTEM, AND METHOD
An apparatus for establishing a tilt angle of at least one mirror of a lithography installation is disclosed. The apparatus includes a pattern generating...
METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR OBTAINING DIAGNOSTIC INFORMATION RELATING TO AN
In a lithographic process, product units such as semiconductor wafers are subjected to lithographic patterning operations and chemical and physical processing...
EXPOSURE METHOD, EXPOSURE APPARATUS, AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD
A liquid immersion device that has an mixing mechanism that mixes and dissolves a predetermined substance for adjusting specific resistance of the liquid,...
TRANSMISSION BALANCING FOR PHASE SHIFT MASK WITH A TRIM MASK
Implementations described and claimed herein include photolithography technology to alleviate the imbalance of transmission intensity induced. In one...
OPTICAL IMAGING DEVICE WITH IMAGE DEFECT DETERMINATION
An optical imaging device, including an imaging unit and a measuring device. The imaging unit includes a first optical element group having at least one first...
EXPOSURE METHOD, EXPOSURE APPARATUS, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING DEVICE
A liquid immersion exposure apparatus in which a substrate is exposed with an exposure beam, includes a projection optical system by which the substrate is...
METHOD FOR OPERATING AN ILLUMINATION SYSTEM OF A MICROLITHOGRAPHIC
PROJECTION EXPOSURE APPARATUS
A method of operating an illumination system of a microlithographic projection exposure apparatus is provided. A set of illumination parameters that describe...
MIRROR, IN PARTICULAR FOR A MICROLITHOGRAPHIC PROJECTION EXPOSURE
A mirror, in particular for a microlithographic projection exposure apparatus, has an optically effective surface (10a), a mirror substrate (11) and a...
MULTILAYER FILM REFLECTOR, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING MULTILAYER FILM
REFLECTOR, PROJECTION OPTICAL SYSTEM,...
A multilayer film reflector is a multilayer film reflector that includes a first uniform period multilayer film, an adjustment layer, and a second uniform...
MASKED CATION EXCHANGE LITHOGRAPHY
We describe a method for patterning of colloidal nanocrystals films that combines a high energy beam treatment with a step of cation exchange. The high energy...
Fabrication of Tetherable Patterned Thin Film with 3D Rolled-up Structure
The present invention provides a fabrication of a tetherable patterned thin film with 3D tube-shaped structure. The fabrication includes following steps:...
CHEMICALLY AMPLIFIED POSITIVE RESIST COMPOSITION AND PATTERN FORMING
A resist composition comprising a resin adapted to be decomposed under the action of acid to increase its solubility in alkaline developer and a sulfonium or...
PHOTOSENSITIVE RESIN COMPOSITION, PHOTOSENSITIVE ELEMENT, SEMICONDUCTOR
DEVICE AND METHOD FOR FORMING RESIST...
A photosensitive resin composition comprises: a component (A): a resin having a phenolic hydroxyl group; a component (B): a compound having a methylol group or...
Composition of Matter and Molecular Resist Made Therefrom
The present application for patent discloses a composition of matter comprising: comprising a solvent; and an ester having a chemical structure chosen from...
Method for Patterning Incorporating Misalignment Error Protection
Substrate patterning techniques herein protect against overlay misalignment. Techniques include using a combination of relief patterns in which one relief...
Method for Patterning Using a Composite Pattern
Techniques herein improved methods for patterning substrates. Techniques herein combine direct current superposition plasma processing with photolithographic...
SUBSTRATES COMPRISING NANO-PATTERNING SURFACES AND METHODS OF PREPARING
Substrates comprising a functionalizable layer, a polymer layer comprising a plurality of micro-scale or nano-scale patterns, or combinations thereof, and a...
RELIEF LAYER AND IMPRINT METHOD FOR MAKING THE SAME
The invention relates to a method for forming a relief layer employing a stamp having a stamping surface including a template relief pattern. A solution...
METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR LITHOGRAPHY PROCESS-WINDOW-MAXIMIZING OPTICAL
An efficient OPC method of increasing imaging performance of a lithographic process utilized to image a target design having a plurality of features. The...
SAMPLE PLAN CREATION FOR OPTICAL PROXIMITY CORRECTION WITH MINIMAL NUMBER
Methods, program products, and systems for improving optical proximity correction (OPC) calibration, and automatically determining a minimal number of clips,...
PHOTOMASKS FOR REDUCING THERMAL STRESS GENERATED BY HEAT
A photomask includes a light transmission substrate having a transfer region and a frame region, a light-transmitting region exposing a portion of the light...