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CLEAR TONER COMPOSITIONS
Clear toner compositions for use in offset lithography (or offset printing). Such clear toner compositions exhibit desirable properties, including for example,...
Provided is a toner that is improved in transferability as compared to the related art and that keeps its effects through repeated use. In particular, provided...
Provided is a toner, including toner particle having surface layer, in which: the surface layer includes organosilicon polymer which has a partial structure...
The present disclosure is related to coated photoconductors. In an example, a coated photoconductor can comprise a photoconductor including a substrate having...
IMPRINT APPARATUS AND ARTICLE MANUFACTURING METHOD
An imprint apparatus for forming a pattern on an imprinting material includes an alignment unit that detects a mold-side mark formed on a mold and a...
COOLER FOR USE IN A DEVICE IN A VACUUM
The disclosure relates to a cooler for use in a device in a vacuum, wherein the partial pressure of the cooling medium in the vacuum environment during the...
LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD
A control device configured to determine a primary first drive signal, based on a first error signal representing a difference between desired and measured...
WAVELENGTH STABILIZATION FOR AN OPTICAL SOURCE
A wavelength error for each pulse in a first subset of pulses emitted from an optical source is determined, the wavelength error being the difference between a...
LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD
In a lithographic apparatus, a localized area of the substrate surface under a projection system is immersed in liquid. The height of a liquid supply system...
ON-BOARD SUPPLY SYSTEM FOR A STAGE ASSEMBLY
A stage assembly (10) that moves a device (15) includes a stage (14) that retains the device (15), a base (12), a stage mover assembly (16), and a supply...
METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR INSPECTION AND METROLOGY
A method of displaying a plurality of graphical user interface elements, each graphical user interface element representing a step in a measurement design,...
ILLUMINATION OPTICAL APPARATUS AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD
Provided is an illumination optical apparatus that illuminates the surface with light from a light source and includes an optical integrator (the integrator)...
CONTROL DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING AT LEAST ONE MANIPULATOR OF A PROJECTION
The disclosure provides a control device for controlling at least one manipulator of a microlithographic projection lens by generating a travel command, which...
LASER ANNEALING AND ELECTRIC FIELD
A method and apparatus for exposing a photoresist in the presence of an electric field using a high power continuous wave source as a radiation source is...
METHOD FOR FABRICATING PATTERN USING SUPPORTING ASSEMBLY WITH ROLLING
MEMBER DISPOSED BELOW SUPPORTING RODS AND...
A method for fabricating a pattern on a semiconductor substrate, comprising the steps of: (a) providing the semiconductor substrate having a photosensitive...
ILLUMINATION SYSTEM AND METHOD OF FORMING FIN STRUCTURE USING THE SAME
An illumination system includes a light source used to generate a light and an opaque plate. The opaque plate is disposed between the light source and a...
NEGATIVE RESIST PATTERN-FORMING METHOD, AND COMPOSITION FOR UPPER LAYER
Provided is a negative resist pattern-forming method that enables a resist pattern with fewer development defects to be formed while favorable water repellency...
PHOTOMASK BLANK, RESIST PATTERN FORMING PROCESS, AND METHOD FOR MAKING
A photomask blank has a chemically amplified negative resist film comprising (A) a polymer comprising recurring units of specific structure and recurring units...
NEGATIVE RESIST COMPOSITION AND PATTERN FORMING PROCESS
A negative resist composition is provided comprising (A) a polymer comprising recurring units having an acid-eliminatable group and recurring units capable of...
Provided are a photobase generator having higher sensitivity to light than do conventional photobase generators, and a photosensitive resin composition...
CHEMICALLY AMPLIFIED NEGATIVE RESIST COMPOSITION USING NOVEL ONIUM SALT
AND RESIST PATTERN FORMING PROCESS
A chemically amplified negative resist composition is defined as comprising (A) an onium salt having an anion moiety which is a nitrogen-containing carboxylate...
METHOD OF FORMING FINE PATTERNS
A method of forming fine patterns includes performing an exposure process to generate acids in first regions of a chemically amplified resist (CAR) layer,...
SEMI-SUBMERSIBLE MICROSCOPE OBJECTIVE WITH PROTECTIVE ELEMENT AND USE OF
THE SAME IN MULTIPHOTON IMAGING METHOD
A semi-submersible microscope objective (100) includes a microscope objective having a protective barrel (120) with an optical inlet (122) and optical outlet...
STRUCTURE-MANUFACTURING METHOD USING STEP-AND-REPEAT IMPRINTING TECHNIQUE
A method of manufacturing a structure for suppressing in-mask curing corrosion while minimizing influence on shape stability of a fine pattern to be...
DIE WITH A DIE STRUCTURE AS WELL AS METHOD FOR ITS PRODUCTION
A method for the production of a structural die that has die structures for applying microstructures and/or nanostructures on substrates or soft dies, whereby...
IMPRINT LITHOGRAPHY METHOD, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING MASTER TEMPLATE USING
THE METHOD AND MASTER TEMPLATE...
An imprint lithography method includes disposing a mask layer on a base substrate in first and in second areas, reducing a thickness of the mask layer in the...
Method and System for Forming Patterns Using Charged Particle Beam
Lithography with Variable Pattern Dosage
A method and system for fracturing or mask data preparation or optical proximity correction or proximity effect correction or mask process correction is...
EUV PELLICLE FRAME AND AN EUV PELLICLE USING IT
An EUV pellicle is proposed in which the pellicle frame is made of a material having a linear expansion coefficient of 10.times.10.sup.-6 (1/K) or smaller, and...
MASK, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF AND EXPOSURE APPARATUS
The present invention provides a mask, comprising a base substrate, a first mask pattern formed on an upper surface of the base substrate, and a second mask...
A lithography mask includes a substrate, a reflective multilayer (ML) on the substrate, and a barrier layer on the reflective ML. The barrier layer includes at...
MASK ASSEMBLY AND PHOTOLITHOGRAPHY PROCESS USING THE SAME
A mask assembly including a first mask and a second mask is provided. The first mask includes a plurality of first main features parallel to each other, a...
PROJECTION SUBSYSTEM FOR HIGH CONTRAST PROJECTION SYSTEM
A projection subsystem for a high contrast projection system is described including three digital micro-mirror devices (MMD) and three prism assemblies and a...
HINGE STRUCTURE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCLUDING THE SAME
A hinge structure includes an attachment recessed part, an attachment member, a first rotating body and a second rotating body. The attachment recessed part is...
PROJECTION OPTICAL SYSTEM
In a 1-2nd lens group, a reduction-side fixed lens group (first fixed lens group) as a fixed group is disposed on the outermost reduction side, an...
A projector includes a cooling device configured to cool an electrooptical device serving as a cooling target. The cooling device includes a closed housing in...
A gear for adjusting a camera lens barrel includes a gear body having a continuous inner surface defining an inner diameter and a continuous outer surface...
CAMERA MOUNTING SYSTEM
A mounting system for mounting a load on a structure, comprising a first strap having a distal end and a proximal end, a first clamp body for supporting a...
LIGHTWEIGHT TELESCOPING CAMERA CRANE
A lightweight camera crane has an outer arm pivotally attached to a base. A trim weight tray is rigidly attached to a back end of the outer arm. A moving...
Provided is an imaging device (1) having: a front optical system (10) that transmits light from an object; a spectral filter array (20) that transmits light...
SUSPENSION FOR CAMERA TRIM ENABLING THINNER CAMERA STACK
A camera assembly and a method for mounting it in a portable electronic device are provided. The assembly includes a camera module, and a camera trim coupled...
PHOTOGRAPHIC BACKGROUND ASSEMBLY
A photographic background assembly, comprises a collapsible background unit having a semi-rigid frame, and a background mounting member. The collapsible...
FOCAL-PLANE SHUTTER AND IMAGE CAPTURING APPARATUS
The focal-plane shutter includes a blade drive member, an acceleration member providing a driving force to the drive member, and a lock member reducing bounce...
IMAGING APPARATUS AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING THE SAME
An imaging apparatus includes a photometric lens for forming a secondary image of object light that has been transmitted through a lens unit and had a primary...
GRADIENT INDEX (GRIN) BACKPLANE ROUTING
Technologies are generally described to employ an optical effect, such as Pockels effect to direct an optical communication signal within a gradient index...
MULTI-LAYER COATING SYSTEM USING VOIDS FOR HEAT BLOCKING SYSTEM AND METHOD
FOR MANUFACTURING SAME
Provided are a multilayered-coating system and a method of manufacturing the same. The multi-layered coating system includes: a layer 1 including a plurality...
OPTICAL WAVEGUIDE AND OPTICAL DEVICE BASED ON THE SAME
Disclosed is a technology related to an optical waveguide which is insensitive to an ambient temperature and is capable of adjusting a wavelength error due to...
WAVEGUIDE FOR AN ELECTRO-OPTIC CAPACITIVE MODULATOR
A waveguide including a substrate, an assembly of semiconductor regions consecutively extending on the substrate along a direction corresponding to a...
ELECTROCHROMIC DEVICE, OPTICAL FILTER, LENS UNIT, AND IMAGING APPARATUS
The present invention provides an electrochromic device including a pair of electrodes and an electrochromic layer disposed between the pair of electrodes and...
ELECTROCHROMIC ELEMENT, LENS UNIT, IMAGING DEVICE, AND WINDOW MEMBER
Potential non-uniformity in a surface of an electrode in an electrochromic element is improved during coloring and color erasing. The electrochromic element...
LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE
According to one embodiment, a liquid crystal display device includes a first substrate, a second substrate, a liquid crystal layer, a first common electrode...