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A substrate structure includes a first substrate, a plurality of first bonding pads, a second substrate and a connecting layer. The first substrate has an...
ELECTRICAL CONNECTION ELEMENT
An electrical connection element is described. The connection element contains at least an iron-nickel alloy or an iron-nickel-cobalt alloy.
LIGHT EMITTING DIODE LOAD BOARD AND MANUFACTURING PROCESS THEREOF
A light emitting diode load board includes a substrate, a first dielectric layer, a second dielectric layer and a first conductive pad and a second conductive...
ASSEMBLY METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR ELECTRICALLY STABLE CONNECTORS
Assembly methods and apparatus for electrically stable connectors are described herein where a conductive wire assembly generally comprises an insulative...
ELECTRICAL WIRING MEMBER PRODUCTION METHOD, ELECTRICAL WIRING MEMBER
FORMING MATERIAL, ELECTRICAL WIRING...
A method for producing an electrical wiring member includes press-molding a composition containing a resin material and metal particles with an insulating...
STRETCHABLE PRINTED ELECTRONIC SHEETS TO ELECTRICALLY CONNECT UNEVEN TWO
DIMENSIONAL AND THREE DIMENSIONAL SURFACES
A method and apparatus for forming a circuit on an uneven two-dimensional (2-D) or three-dimensional (3-D) surface of an object is described. An amount of...
CONDUCTING FILM OR ELECTRODE WITH IMPROVED OPTICAL AND ELECTRICAL
A conducting film or device electrode includes a substrate and two transparent or semitransparent conductive layers separated by a transparent or...
INSULATING LAYER FOR PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD, AND PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD
The present invention provides an insulating layer for printed circuit boards having a difference of within 20% between the flexural modulus at 25.degree. C....
INTERCHIP COMMUNICATION USING A DIELECTRIC WAVEGUIDE
An apparatus is provided. There is a circuit assembly with a package substrate and an integrated circuit (IC). The package substrate has a microstrip line, and...
In various embodiments, apparatuses and methods are disclosed that may be able to implement a multi-layer, three dimensional routing between a decoupling...
FLEXIBLE PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD
A flexible printed circuit board including a body portion, a connector, and a protrusion. The body portion has a circuit area with a circuit pattern and a...
COIL ELECTRONIC COMPONENT AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME
A capacitor component includes a capacitor including a plurality of internal electrodes, a capacitor body containing a piezoelectric material disposed in at...
CIRCUIT ASSEMBLIES AND RELATED METHODS
In exemplary embodiments, a circuit assembly may be provided on and/or supported by an electrically conductive structure, such as a board level shield, a...
MODULE COMPLIANCE BOARDS FOR QUAD SMALL FORM-FACTOR PLUGGABLE (QSFP)
An optimized ground (GND) network connection is provided between a Quad Small Form-factor Pluggable (QSFP) connector and a printed circuit board (PCB). The...
CIRCUIT BOARD AND CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY
A circuit board includes an insulating part including insulating layers, metal layers disposed on the insulating layers, vias each passing through at least one...
PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD
A printed circuit board at least includes an insulator with a predetermined blind via area which may become a blind via which is penetrated through said...
CONDUCTION COOLING SYSTEMS FOR LINEAR ACCELERATOR CAVITIES
The present invention is a conduction cooling system for linear accelerator cavities. The system conducts heat from the cavities to a refrigeration unit using...
INDUCTION DEVICES AND METHODS OF USING THEM
Certain embodiments described herein are directed to induction devices that can be used to sustain a plasma. In certain configurations, the induction device...
Radiation Source, Metrology Apparatus, Lithographic System and Device
A radiation source apparatus comprising: a container comprising walls for defining a space for containing a gaseous medium in which plasma which emits plasma...
PROGRAMMABLE EMERGENCY LIGHTING DEVICE INCLUDING NEAR-FIELD COMMUNICATION
An emergency lighting unit. The emergency lighting unit includes a light source, an antenna, a near-field communication ("NFC") module, and a controller. The...
INTELLIGENT LIGHTING CONTROL SYSTEM FOR WORKPLACES
In one implementation, a control system (100) and method thereof for controlling one or more controllable devices is disclosed. The control system (100)...
LIGHT EMITTING DIODE STREET LAMP CONTROL SYSTEM
A light emitting diode (LED) street lamp control system includes a control module and an LED street lamp unit coupled with the control module. The control...
SYSTEM FOR INTEGRATED LIGHTING CONTROL, CONFIGURATION, AND METRIC TRACKING
FROM MULTIPLE LOCATIONS
A mechanism for control and configuration of a lighting system from a user interface. For instance, a wall module designed as a user interface for a tenant to...
This invention concerns a light tower (10) having a main body (12) and a mast (26) extending from the main body (12) such that the mast (26) is extendable...
SOLID STATE LIGHT SYSTEM WITH BROADBAND OPTICAL COMMUNICATION CAPABILITY
Systems and methods are disclosed for use in conjunction with a standardized electrical connector of a conventional light bulb or tube with one or more light...
Electronic Device With Directional Ambient Light Sensor
An electronic device may be provided with a display mounted in a housing. A directional ambient light sensor may measure the intensity and direction of ambient...
INDEPENDENTLY ADJUSTABLE CURRENT AND VOLTAGE AC-AC CONVERTER
The present disclosure is directed to an alternating current (AC) to AC converter circuit for independently adjusting a current and voltage to adjust a light...
Method and device for determining life expectancy information of an LED
Various embodiments may relate to a method for determining life expectancy information of an LED module with a plurality of LEDs. The method includes detecting...
DIM-TO-WARM SYSTEM AND METHOD OF OPERATING THE SAME
A method of controlling a correlated color temperature for light output by a lighting device including a dim-to-warm circuit having a first light channel and a...
Disclosed is a light emitting device having a configuration that, when a magnitude of an input voltage is greater than a minimum light emitting voltage, all...
LED LIGHTING APPARATUS WITH FIRST AND SECOND COLOUR LEDS
A LED based lighting apparatus is disclosed. The light engine used in the lighting apparatus may use printed circuit board and have a plurality of LED groups...
BACKLIGHT DRIVING APPARATUS
A lighting apparatus includes a light-emitting diode (LED) array, a rectifying unit configured to rectify an alternating current (AC) voltage and to generate a...
A power adaptor including an input for connection to an AC power supply, an output for connection to a load, and a resonant circuit coupled to the input that...
LED LIGHTING DEVICE
Provided is a circuit for preventing an operating current of a TRIAC dimmer from being dropped below a holding current value. In this regard, a light emitting...
LIGHT EMITTING DIODE DRIVER CIRCUIT AND METHOD FOR LIGHT EMITTING DIODE
A light emitting diode driving circuit including a first LED array; a second LED array; an LED driving circuit configured to provide a constant current to the...
LIGHT EMITTING DIODE DRIVER CIRCUIT, DISPLAY APPARATUS INCLUDING THE SAME,
AND METHOD FOR DRIVING LIGHT...
A light emitting diode (LED) driver circuit is provided. The light emitting diode (LED) driver circuit includes an LED array; an LED driving circuit configured...
CONTROLLING A LAMP HAVING AT LEAST TWO SEMICONDUCTOR LIGHT SOURCES
A control device for an illuminant having at least two semiconductor light sources and connectable to an electrical energy source, for converting an electrical...
CONTROLLING A LUMINOUS MEANS HAVING AT LEAST TWO SEMICONDUCTOR LIGHT
Various embodiments relate to a control device for a luminous means which has at least two semiconductor light sources, can be connected to an electrical...
LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE DRIVING APPARATUS
Provided is a light-emitting diode driving apparatus, including: a switching transistor which becomes an on-state or an off-state in response to a pulse width...
LED TUBE LAMP HAVING MODE SWITCHING CIRCUIT
An LED tube lamp includes a lamp tube receiving an external driving signal; a rectifying circuit rectifying the external driving signal to produce a rectified...
MULTI-LINE MICROWAVE HEATING SYSTEM WITH OPTIMIZED LAUNCHER CONFIGURATION
A microwave heating system configured to heat a plurality of articles and a process for using the same is provided. The heating system includes at least two...
INTERFACE FOR CONTROLLING ENERGY APPLICATION APPARATUS
An apparatus that processes food placed in a cavity by heating, cooking, or defrosting. The heating, cooking, or defrosting includes processing with RF energy...
HEATING ELEMENT POWERED BY ALTERNATING CURRENT AND HEAT GENERATOR
ACCOMPLISHED BY THE HEATING ELEMENT
Heating element (1) powered by alternating current and heat generator (43) comprising the heating element (1) and control electronics (9). The heating element...
A cooking apparatus is disclosed, which comprises a first housing provided with an inverter for induction heating; and a second housing including a working...
Portable Heated Storage Box for Tubular Containers
A portable heated storage box is configured to hold tubular grooming spray containers. The storage box has a hinged top for access to the stored spray...
Electrical Heating Device, Method for the Production Thereof, and Vehicle
Seat With Such a Heating Device
An electrical heating device includes at least one support; at least one ohmic heating resistor; and at least one temperature sensor. The heating resistor...
MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM, USER TERMINAL, AND PROCESSOR
A UE 100-1 and a UE 200-2 perform D2D communication that is direct device to device communication. The UE 100-1 transmits a D2D termination preliminary...
SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CONSTELLATION SUPERPOSITION
A method for performing constellation superposition by an evolved Node B (eNB) is described. The method includes determining an admissible data constellation...
WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM, WIRELESS COMMUNICATION APPARATUS, AND
WIRELESS COMMUNICATION METHOD
A wireless communication apparatus capable of wirelessly communicating with a first terminal and a second terminal, includes: a processor configured to execute...
APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR AVOIDING DATA LOSS FOLLOWING AN INTER-PDSN
HANDOFF BASED ON A SIMPLE IP NETWORK
The disclosure is related to avoiding data loss following a handoff from a second packet data serving node (PDSN) back to a first PDSN before an expiration of...