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HOLE TRANSPORT MATERIALS
There is provided a copolymer having Formula I ##STR00001## In Formula I: A is a monomeric unit containing at least one triarylamine group; B' is a monomeric...
PROCESSES FOR PURIFYING DIKETOPYRROLOPYRROLE COPOLYMERS
Transistors comprising semiconducting layers of diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) copolymers are disclosed. Processes for purifying DPP copolymers are also disclosed....
COMPOUND AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE
Compound comprising structural units represented by formula (1) and formula (2): ##STR00001## wherein X.sup.1, X.sup.2, X.sup.3 and X.sup.4 are the same...
ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE
According to one or more embodiments, an organic light-emitting device includes a first electrode, a second electrode facing the first electrode, and an...
ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE
According to one or more embodiments, an organic light-emitting device includes: a first electrode; a second electrode; and an organic layer between the first...
COMPOUND, MATERIAL FOR ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENT ELEMENT, ORGANIC
ELECTROLUMINESCENT ELEMENT, AND ELECTRONIC...
A compound represented by formula (1): ##STR00001## wherein R.sup.1, R.sup.2, Ar.sup.1, and Ar.sup.2 are as defined in the description, realizes an...
ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND OPERATION METHOD THEREOF
Provided is an electronic device including a semiconductor memory. The semiconductor memory may include: a plurality of first lines extending in a first...
VERTICAL TRANSISTOR FOR RESISTIVE MEMORY
The present disclosure relates to a method of making a memory on semiconductor substrate, comprising: at least one data line, at least one selection line, at...
Magnetic Tunnel Junctions
A magnetic tunnel junction comprises a conductive first magnetic electrode comprising magnetic recording material. A conductive second magnetic electrode is...
MRAM INTEGRATION TECHNIQUES FOR TECHNOLOGY SCALING
A magnetoresistive random-access memory (MRAM) integration compatible with shrinking device technologies includes a magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) formed in a...
MAGNETIC MEMORY DEVICE
A magnetic memory device includes a semiconductor substrate; a magnetoresistive element provided on the semiconductor substrate. The magnetoresistive element...
Magnetic Tunnel Junctions
A magnetic tunnel junction has a conductive first magnetic electrode comprising magnetic recording material. A conductive second magnetic electrode is spaced...
PBNZT FERROELECTRIC FILM, SOL-GEL SOLUTION, FILM FORMING METHOD AND METHOD
FOR PRODUCING FERROELECTRIC FILM
To provide a PBNZT ferroelectric film capable of preventing sufficiently oxygen ion deficiency. The PBNZT ferroelectric film according to an embodiment of the...
Piezoelectric Resonator Device, and Bonding Structure of Piezoelectric
Resonator Device and Circuit Board
A crystal resonator includes: a crystal resonator plate; a first sealing member that covers a first excitation electrode of the crystal resonator plate; and a...
APPLICATION OF PIEZO TECHNOLOGY TO CONVERT ALTERNATING CURRENT (AC) LINE
POWER TO ISOLATED DIRECT CURRENT (DC)...
A system (10) and a method (200) supply power in high external magnetic fields. Alternating current (AC) line power is converted (202) to isolated power using...
ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCER DEVICE, PROBE HEAD, ULTRASONIC PROBE, ELECTRONIC
MACHINE AND ULTRASONIC DIAGNOSTIC APPARATUS
An ultrasonic transducer device includes a substrate on which a plurality of openings are arranged; a plurality of ultrasonic transducer elements, each of the...
BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE RESONATOR AND FILTER INCLUDING THE SAME
A bulk acoustic wave resonator includes a resonating part comprising a first electrode, a piezoelectric layer, and a second electrode sequentially laminated,...
APPARATUS FOR THERMOELECTRIC GENERATION ON HVAC PIPES
There is described an apparatus for converting heat dissipated from a pipe of a refrigeration cycle into electric power. The pipe has an outer surface from...
THERMOELECTRIC CONVERSION MODULE
The thermoelectric conversion module includes a porous insulating film having an insulation property and a thermoelectric conversion element in a thin film...
A display apparatus is provided. The display apparatus includes a display panel, a chassis configured to support the display panel, a backlight unit configured...
THERMOELECTRIC DEVICE, IN PARTICULAR INTENDED FOR GENERATING AN ELECTRIC
CURRENT IN AN AUTOMOTIVE VEHICLE
The invention relates to a thermoelectric device comprising a plurality of thermoelectric modules each comprising at least one thermoelectric element of...
THERMOELECTRIC CONVERSION MODULE
The thermoelectric conversion module includes a plurality of thermoelectric conversion elements arranged side by side, first electrodes that are joined to...
LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE
A light emitting device includes a light emitting element, a terminal substrate and a fixing member. The light emitting element is a semiconductor laminate...
LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE PACKAGE, BACKLIGHT UNIT, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING
LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE PACKAGE
Disclosed herein are a light emitting device package, a backlight unit, and a method of manufacturing a light emitting device package capable of being used for...
Bonding LED Die to Lead Frame Strips
In one embodiment, an LED bulb includes a plurality of metal lead frame strips, including at least a first strip, a second strip, and a third strip. First LED...
HYBRID CHIP-ON-BOARD LED MODULE WITH PATTERNED ENCAPSULATION
Different wavelength conversion materials, or different concentrations of a wavelength conversion material are used to encapsulate the light emitting elements...
MN-ACTIVATED HEXAFLUOROSILICATES FOR LED APPLICATIONS
The invention provides a lighting unit comprising a light source, configured to generate light source light and a luminescent material, configured to convert...
LUMINESCENCE CONVERSION ELEMENT AND OPTOELECTRONIC SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENT
COMPRISING SUCH A LUMINESCENCE...
A luminescence conversion element for wavelength conversion of primary electromagnetic radiation into secondary electromagnetic radiation includes first...
Method for the Production of an Electronic Module as Well as Corresponding
An electronic module and method for the production of the electronic module in accordance with some embodiments of the invention are disclosed. The electronic...
LED WITH STRESS-BUFFER LAYER UNDER METALLIZATION LAYER
Semiconductor LED layers are epitaxially gown on a patterned surface of a sapphire substrate (10). The patterned surface improves light extraction. The LED...
A SOLID STATE LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A SOLID
STATE LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE
A solid state light emitting device includes a light emitting stack (20), a metallization (30), comprising a guard layer (36) of metal, and a dielectric layer...
LIGHT EXTRACTION USING FEATURE SIZE AND SHAPE CONTROL IN LED SURFACE
The structural characteristics of the light-exiting surface of a light emitting device are controlled so as to increase the light extraction efficiency of that...
SEMICONDUCTOR LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE
A semiconductor light emitting device which includes at least one concave on a light extraction surface opposite to a surface on which a semiconductor stack...
SEMICONDUCTOR LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE WITH SHAPED SUBSTRATE AND METHOD OF
MANUFACTURING THE SAME
Embodiments of the invention include a substrate (10) and a semiconductor structure (12) grown on the substrate. The semiconductor structure includes a light...
SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING AN ELECTRON BLOCKING LAYER WITH DOPING
Aspects of the disclosure pertain to a system and method for providing an electron blocking layer with doping control. The electron blocking layer is included...
NITRIDE SEMICONDUCTOR STRUCTURE
A nitride semiconductor structure including a substrate, a cap layer, a nucleation layer, a transition layer and a composite buffer structure is provided. The...
LIGHT EMITTING DIODE
The invention provides an LED including a first-type semiconductor layer, an emitting layer, a second-type semiconductor layer, a first electrode, a second...
SEMICONDUCTOR SUBSTRATE, SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE, AND MANUFACTURING METHODS
A method of manufacturing a semiconductor substrate includes forming a first semiconductor layer on a substrate, forming a metallic material layer on the first...
METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ON COMPOSITE GLASS SUBSTRATE MULTI-COLORED LED
FOR USE IN VIDEO DISPLAY BOARD
A method for manufacturing on a composite glass substrate a multi-colored LED for use in a video display board includes preparing a first masking layer on a...
Substrate Handling And Heating System
A system for heating substrates while being transported between the load lock and the platen is disclosed. The system comprises an array of light emitting...
INTEGRATION OF EPITAXIAL LIFT-OFF SOLAR CELLS WITH MINI-PARABOLIC
CONCENTRATOR ARRAYS VIA PRINTING METHOD
There is disclosed a method of preparing a photovoltaic device. In particular, the method comprises integrating epitaxial lift-off solar cells with...
HIGH THROUGHPUT CHEMICAL VAPOR DEPOSITION ELECTRODE
Processes and systems to fabricate high throughput, low cost tubular polysilicon feed rods, which can be used as direct feedstock to grow a crystalline silicon...
LIGHT DETECTION DEVICE
A semiconductor light detection element includes a plurality of avalanche photodiodes operating in Geiger mode and formed in a semiconductor substrate,...
INVERTED METAMORPHIC MULTIJUNCTION SOLAR CELL WITH TWO METAMORPHIC LAYERS
AND HOMOJUNCTION TOP CELL
A multijunction solar cell includes an upper first solar subcell having a first band gap, a second solar subcell having a second band gap smaller than the...
METHOD OF MAKING A IV-VI/SILICON THIN-FILM TANDEM SOLAR CELL
A simple manufacturing method is provided for the fabrication of the IV-VI group of semiconductor films on inexpensive substrates for highly efficient tandem...
PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL AND PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE
In various embodiments, a photovoltaic cell is provided. The photovoltaic cell may include a substrate with a front-side and a rear-side, an emitter area on...
Wet Etching Method for an N-type Bifacial Cell
A wet etching method for an N-type bifacial cell including: (1) providing an N-type silicon wafer, proceeding with surface structuralization on the N-type...
METHOD OF PRODUCING GLASS BASE MATERIAL LAMINATE, METHOD OF PRODUCING
OPTICAL ELEMENT, OPTICAL ELEMENT, AND...
A method of producing an optical element, which includes a glass substrate and a sheet-like formed body, is provided. The sheet-like formed body is formed of...
SOLAR CELL MODULE AND SOLAR CELL MODULE MANUFACTURING METHOD
A solar cell module includes a plurality of solar cells 1 connected to each other in a way that bus bar electrode 21 formed on surfaces of adjacent solar cells...
PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM AND THE MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF
A photovoltaic system consists of a waveguide body, luminescent dyes and a photovoltaic cell. Luminescent dyes and their aggregated particulates with larger...