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Lighting optical device, exposure system, and exposure method
An illumination optical apparatus is able to accomplish desired annular illumination, circular illumination, and so on, without substantial influence of the...
Exposure apparatus, control method for the same, and device manufacturing
An exposure apparatus that includes a chamber in which an optical element, including a capping layer, is arranged, and that exposes a substrate to exposure...
Illumination system for a microlithographic projection exposure apparatus
An illumination system for a microlithographic projection exposure step-and-scan apparatus has a light source, a first optical raster element and a second...
Automatic focus adjusting mechanism and optical image acquisition
In an automatic focus adjusting mechanism, a test sample having a patterned surface is mounted on a mount table, and an light beam passing through a slit formed...
Lithographic apparatus and device manufacturing method
A protrusion is provided on a barrier member which at least partly confines a liquid between a projection system and a substrate. The protrusion is closer to...
Exposure apparatus and method for producing device
A liquid immersion exposure apparatus includes an optical element via which a patterned beam is projected onto a substrate in an exposure operation, a liquid...
Lithographic apparatus and device manufacturing method
A lithographic apparatus is disclosed including a liquid supply system configured to at least partly fill a space between the projection system and the...
Liquid recovery system, immersion exposure apparatus, immersion exposing
method, and device fabricating method
A liquid recovery system is used by an immersion exposure apparatus. The liquid recovery system is provided with a first opening; a gap portion that is provided...
Exposure apparatus and device manufacturing method
Liquid is supplied by a supply mechanism to a space between a lens and a wafer via a supply nozzle on one side of the lens, and the liquid is recovered by a...
Immersion photolithography system and method using microchannel nozzles
A liquid immersion photolithography system includes an exposure system that exposes a substrate with electromagnetic radiation and includes a projection optical...
Air curtain for display
A system and method for providing an air curtain over the screen of an LCD display. Air intakes are located in the housing of the LCD display, and air is pulled...
Reflective liquid crystal display and manufacturing method of the same
A reflective liquid crystal display that comprises: a first substrate; a common electrode formed on the first substrate; a second substrate corresponding to the...
Liquid crystal display device with integrated circuit comprising signal
relay, powers and signal control
A liquid crystal display device includes: a liquid crystal panel including a plurality of pixel cells formed at every regions defined by a plurality of data...
Liquid crystal display device
A liquid crystal display device includes a first substrate and a second substrate which face each other with a liquid crystal layer interposed therebetween, in...
Liquid crystal display device
A liquid crystal display device includes first and second substrates which have opposed surfaces respectively provided with aligning films and have undergone...
Liquid crystal display device comprising transition electrodes having a
same potential as a corresponding one...
A liquid crystal device includes a first substrate; a second substrate facing the first substrate; and a liquid crystal layer sandwiched between the first...
Color filter substrate and liquid crystal display panel including the same
A color filter substrate includes a substrate, a black matrix disposed on the substrate, a color filter on a sub-pixel area partitioned by the black matrix, a...
Liquid crystal display device
A liquid crystal display device including a first substrate including a first electrode and a second substrate including a second electrode which is bonded with...
Liquid crystal display panel
An LCD panel includes a first substrate, a second substrate, alignment protrusions and a liquid crystal layer between the first substrate and the second...
A display apparatus is provided. The display apparatus is suitable for a user to view through a polarization component having a first transmittance axis. The...
Operative reflection and absorption plate and display element using the
An operative reflection and absorption plate including a substrate having a moth eye structure on its surface is used, whereby an absorbing status and a...
Manufacturing thin film transistor array panels for flat panel displays
A thin film transistor array panel for a flat panel display includes a substrate, a first signal line formed on the substrate, a second signal line intersecting...
Display substrate, display panel having the same, and method of
manufacturing the same
A base substrate of a color filter substrate includes a display region and a peripheral region. The display region includes a pixel area having a first unit...
Liquid crystal display device and projection type liquid crystal display
A liquid crystal display device and a projection type liquid crystal display apparatus are provided. The liquid crystal display device includes two substrates...
Multi-domain vertical alignment display panel and color filter substrate
A color filter substrate including a base, a patterned color filter film layer, a common electrode layer and shelters is provided. The patterned color filter...
Flat display device
A flat display device includes a flat display panel, an upper polarizing plate disposed on a light exit plane of the flat display panel, and a lower polarizing...
Backlight unit and liquid crystal display device having the same
A backlight unit for a liquid crystal display (LCD) device includes a light emitting device (LED) array portion having a plurality of LEDs and a diverter sheet...
Liquid crystal display apparatus
Disclosed is an LCD apparatus including a receiving container for receiving a light guide plate and a lamp assembly, a first chassis for fixing the light guide...
Liquid crystal module, audio function-equipped liquid crystal module,
mobile communication device, and mobile...
A liquid crystal module includes a liquid crystal panel and a support member configured to be contained in a mother device and to which the liquid crystal panel...
Backlight module, lamp hoder and liquid crystal display using same
An exemplary backlight module includes a diffuser plate, a bottom plate facing the diffuser plate, lamps arranged between the diffuser plate and the bottom...
Thin film transistor substrate
A thin film transistor array panel comprises a plurality of gate lines formed on an insulating substrate; a repair line formed on the insulating substrate; a...
Pixel array, liquid crystal display panel, and electro-optical apparatus
A pixel array including first scan lines, second scan lines, data lines, and sub-pixels is provided. Each sub-pixel includes a first switch, a second switch, a...
Active matrix substrate with pre-charge components and liquid crystal
display panel thereof
An active matrix substrate is provided, which includes a substrate, a plurality of scan lines, data lines, pixel unites, and pre-charge components. The scan...
Gate in panel type liquid crystal display device
A Gate In Panel (GIP) type liquid crystal display device includes first and second substrates facing each other, an area between the first and second substrates...
Solt machine-reel game conversion type picture on the screen display panel
There is provided a light-transmitting structure of a display panel for a slot machine using an electronic reel game scheme that is capable of playing other...
Embedded stereoscopic 3D display and 2D display film stack
An LCD device with 3D and 2D sections. The device includes an LCD panel, a light guide with a backlight, and an embedded 3D-2D film stack positioned between the...
A display apparatus has a switchable birefringent lens array. The display apparatus produces a substantially linearly polarised output. The lens array comprises...
The present invention is directed to providing a technology for display devices where a transparent cover is pasted on a display panel according to which...
Optical element, imaging apparatus having such optical element, and
optical apparatus having two such optical...
An optical element is disclosed. The optical element may include a container having a holding chamber; a polarized or conductive and transparent first liquid...
Digital broadcast receiver
A broadcast channel detection system enabling search of channels providing a digital television broadcast from among a large number of channels at a high speed....
Stand-by mode transitioning
A device for rapidly instituting an active mode of a digital-television enabled system, the system including a first, volatile memory configured to load and...
Television receiver having a plurality of standby power modes
A television receiver having a security module fixing part for descrambling digital broadcast comprises at least a standby power mode for supplying power only...
The present invention discloses a television includes a power circuit; a power circuit; a speaker; a display; a tuner for receiving television broadcasting...
Method and system for reducing the appearance of jaggies when
deinterlacing moving edges
A method and system for reducing the appearance of jaggies when deinterlacing moving edges in a video processing system are provided. The method may comprise...
3:2 pulldown detection
Field-based detection of 3:2 pulldown in a sequence of digital video fields using a programmable graphics processor is described. The detection is performed...
Apparatus and method for controlling display brightness in an image
An inputted picture signal is stored in an image memory into which a picture signal for at least one frame period can be written, while rewriting the memory. At...
Method of and apparatus for utilizing video buffer in a multi-purpose
fashion to extend the video buffer to...
The present invention includes a method and device that allows efficient mixing of multiple video images with a graphics screen while utilizing only one video...
Techniques to enable digital television and GPS coexistence
An embodiment of the present invention provides an apparatus, comprising a digital television (DTV) receiver including at least a one-bit-flag such that when...
Amplifier, correcting method of correcting difference in processing time
between video signal and audio signal,...
There is provided an amplifier that measures a display delay time caused until a video is displayed actually after a video signal is generated, and sets...
Closed captioning data detection system and method
An exemplary method relates to buffering closed captioning data. The exemplary method comprises receiving closed captioning information comprising closed...