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Devices including, methods using, and compositions of reflowable getters
Methods for protecting circuit device materials, optoelectronic devices, and caps using a reflowable getter are described. The methods, devices and caps provide...
Organic light-emitting display device
An organic light-emitting display device including a substrate on which a display region and a non-display region are defined is described, the organic...
Method for producing organic light-emitting element, organic display
panel, organic light-emitting device,...
A method of efficiently manufacturing an organic light-emitting element with excellent light-emitting characteristics is provided. The method includes:...
Field induced polymer electroluminescent (FIPEL) device
In one aspect, optoelectronic devices are described herein. In some embodiments, an optoelectronic device described herein includes a radiation transmissive...
Photoelectric conversion device and method for producing the same
Provided is a photoelectric conversion device which includes a positive electrode, a negative electrode, a photoelectric conversion layer including...
Method of producing organic photoelectric conversion device
A method for producing an organic photoelectric conversion device, including a step of forming an anode, a step of forming an active layer on the...
Methods and devices for silicon integrated vertically aligned field effect
Embodiments of the present disclosure provide for vertically aligned CNTFET, methods of making vertically aligned CNTFET, methods of using vertically aligned...
Semi-conductor device with programmable response
An apparatus with a programmable response includes a semi-conductor device with a junction formed thereon, the junction having a built-in potential, a quantum...
Process for making electronically active functionalized silsequioxane
nanostructures of controlled morphology...
Disclosed is a composition comprising perylenediimide bridged dimethylethoxysilane. Disclosed also is an electronically active nanostructure comprising...
Hole transport composition without luminance quenching
There is provided a hole transport composition including (a) an inert matrix polymer and (b) at least 10% by weight, based on the total weight of the...
Material for organic electroluminescence device and organic
A material for an organic electroluminescence device, includes: an organic material that is to be provided for a film formation of any of at least one organic...
Asymmetric fused polyheteroaromatic compound, organic thin film including
the asymmetric fused...
An asymmetric fused polycyclic heteroaromatic compound is represented by the above Chemical Formula 1-1 or Chemical Formula 1-2, and is highly fused due to...
Xanthone compound and organic light-emitting device including the same
An organic light-emitting device that realizes high-emission efficiency and low-driving voltage is provided. The organic light-emitting device contains a...
Organic electroluminescence materials comprising substituted carbazoles
and organic electroluminescence devices...
The organic EL material is represented by Formula (1): ##STR00001## where X.sub.1 to X.sub.4 are each independently a nitrogen (N) atom or a carbon atom that...
Organic electroluminescent materials and devices
Boron-nitrogen polyaromatic compounds having a fused aromatic ring system are provided, where the compounds include a [1,2]azaborino[1,2-a][1,2]azaborine ...
Material for organic electroluminescence device, and organic
electroluminescence device using the same
A material for an organic electroluminescence device represented by the following formula (I): ##STR00001## wherein X.sup.1 to X.sup.8 are a nitrogen atom,...
Hole transport material for organic electroluminescence device and organic
A hole transport material for an organic electroluminescence device, the hole transport material being represented by the following Formula 1, ##STR00001##
Organic photoelectric conversion element, and solar cell and optical
sensor array each using same
An organic photoelectric conversion element which sequentially comprises a transparent first electrode, a photoelectric conversion layer that contains a p-type...
Laminated structure, method for producing same, and electronic element
A laminated structure comprising an electrode, a polymer binding layer arranged on the electrode, and an electrically conductive organic material layer arranged...
Organic light emitting device with roughening layer and method of
The invention relates to an organic light emitting device, in a layered structure, comprising a substrate, a bottom electrode, a top electrode, wherein the...
Variable resistance memory device and methods of forming the same
Variable resistance memory devices and methods of forming the same are disclosed. The devices may include an additional barrier layer that is a portion of a...
Resistive random access memory and method for manufacturing the same
A resistive random access memory (RRAM) including a substrate, a dielectric layer, memory cells and an interconnect structure is provided. The dielectric layer...
Resistive memory cell having a reduced conductive path area
A method of forming a resistive memory cell, e.g., a CBRAM or ReRAM, may include forming a bottom electrode layer, oxidizing an exposed region of the bottom...
Low voltage embedded memory having cationic-based conductive oxide element
Low voltage embedded memory having cationic-based conductive oxide elements is described. For example, a material layer stack for a memory element includes a...
Method of manufacturing a phase change memory device
In a method of manufacturing a phase change memory device, an insulating interlayer having a through opening is formed on a substrate, at least one conformal...
Resistive memory cell structures and methods
Resistive memory cell structures and methods are described herein. One or more memory cell structures comprise a first resistive memory cell comprising a first...
Spin transfer torque cell for magnetic random access memory
Embodiments are directed to STT MRAM devices. One embodiment of an STT MRAM device includes a reference layer, a tunnel barrier layer, a free layer and one or...
Methods of detecting an etch by-product and methods of manufacturing a
magnetoresistive random access memory...
In a method of detecting an etch by-product, the method including forming a magnetic layer including palladium (Pd) on a substrate; etching the magnetic layer...
Self-aligned top contact for MRAM fabrication
Systems and methods for forming precise and self-aligned top metal contact for a Magnetoresistive random-access memory (MRAM) device include forming a magnetic...
Magnetic memory devices having a uniform perpendicular nonmagnetic rich
antisotropy enhanced pattern
Provided are magnetic memory devices, electronic systems and memory cards including the same, methods of manufacturing the same, and methods of controlling a...
Methods of forming a magnetic random access memory etch spacer and
structures formed thereby
Methods of forming a memory device structure are described. Those methods may include forming a non-conductive spacer material on a top electrode of a magnetic...
Method for fabricating a damascene self-aligned ferroelectric random
access memory (F-RAM) having a...
A method for a non-volatile, ferroelectric random access memory (F-RAM) device that includes a ferroelectric capacitor aligned with a preexisting structure is...
Self-limited crack etch to prevent device shorting
A semiconductor device includes a piezoelectric layer interposed between a first metal layer and a hardmask layer. A first trench extends through the hardmask...
Method of constructing a jaw member for an end effector assembly
An end effector assembly for use with an electrosurgical instrument is provided. The end effector assembly has a pair of opposing jaw members. One or more of...
Piezoelectric element, liquid ejecting head, and liquid ejecting apparatus
A piezoelectric element is provided. The piezoelectric element includes a piezoelectric layer made of a perovskite compound containing sodium, potassium,...
Sodium niobate powder, method of manufacturing a sodium niobate powder,
plate-like particle, method of...
Provided are methods of manufacturing an oriented ceramics containing sodium niobate and a raw material thereof. Specifically, provided is a sodium niobate...
Piezoelectric vibration element, piezoelectric vibration device, and
A piezoelectric vibration element capable of reducing occurrence of unnecessary vibration, and a piezoelectric vibration device and a portable terminal using...
Piezoelectric element, piezoelectric device, ink-jet head, and ink-jet
A piezoelectric element having an electrode, a seed layer for controlling the crystal orientation of a piezoelectric layer, and the piezoelectric layer stacked...
Driver device and driving method for driving a capacitive load, in
particular an ultrasound transducer
The present invention relates to a driver device (40; 60) for driving a capacitive load (12), in particular an ultrasound transducer (12) having one or more...
Method for producing a superconductive element
The invention relates to a method for producing a superconductive element to be used as a wire-in-channel superconductor in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and...
Semiconductor ceramic and semiconductor ceramic element
Provided is a semiconductor ceramic element constructed by using a semiconductor ceramic that generates metal-insulator transition at a temperature of actual...
Thermoelectric module for a thermoelectric generator of a vehicle and
vehicle having thermoelectric modules
A thermoelectric module includes an inner circumferential surface, an axis and an outer circumferential surface. A plurality of semiconductor elements is...
Modular thermoelectric units for heat recovery systems and methods thereof
Apparatus and method for generating electricity. The apparatus includes one or more first components configured to extract heat from at least a first fluid flow...
Thermogenerator comprising phase-change materials
A thermogenerator including at least one thermoelement and two phase-change materials having different phase-change temperatures, the at least one thermoelement...
Apparatus, system and method for generating power in a wellbore
An apparatus, system and method provides electrical power in a subterranean well. A radioisotope thermoelectric generator may be positioned and installed in a...
Optical device and method for manufacturing same
An optical device includes a metal substrate wherein at least one vertical insulation layer is formed from the upper to the lower surface; a metal plated layer...
Reflecto trough for an optoelectronic semiconductor component
An optoelectronic semiconductor component includes a lead frame with two lead frame parts and an optoelectronic semiconductor chip. The semiconductor chip is...
Light emitting device package
Embodiments include a light emitting device package. The light emitting device package comprises a housing including a cavity; a light emitting device...
Light emitting device and methods for forming the same
The present invention provides a light emitting device, which comprises an epitaxial stack structure, a II/V group compound contact layer directly formed on the...
Light emitting device and lighting system having the same
Disclosed are a light emitting device and a lighting system having the same. The light emitting device includes a body including first and second lateral side...