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Abnormality detection method and abnormality detection device for image
forming apparatus, and image forming...
An abnormality detection device for an image forming apparatus detects an abnormality in the image forming apparatus which includes a heating belt looped around...
Image heating apparatus including overheating preventing element
configured to interrupt electrical power...
An image heating apparatus includes: a rotatable cylindrical belt; a heater, provided inside the belt, for heating the belt; and an overheating preventing...
Image forming apparatus and fixing unit attachable to image forming
The present invention provides an apparatus having a part of a current detecting circuit configured to detect current to a heater in a fixing unit so that a...
Image forming apparatus and image forming method
An image forming apparatus includes a fixing unit that fixes a toner image on a surface of a recording medium while transporting the recording medium with a...
Transfer device and image forming apparatus for transferring metallic
A transfer device includes a transfer body having an endless structure and to which an image is transferred while the transfer body is rotated; a first transfer...
Transferring device and image forming apparatus
A transferring device includes a conveying belt, a transferring roller, a stretching roller and a guide member. The conveying belt comes into contact with an...
Belt unit and image formation device
A belt unit is provided with an endless belt, a pair of rollers around which the endless belt is wound, and a regulating member having a flange surface provided...
Image forming apparatus having cleaning section for removing residual
toner on intermediate transfer belt
An image forming apparatus (1) includes an image forming section (12), an intermediate transfer belt (125), a drive roller (125A), a secondary transfer roller...
Sealing structure, developing device, cleaning device, process unit, and
image forming apparatus
A sealing structure includes a housing to accommodate powder, a powder roller having a surface to bear and convey the powder, and an entrance seal disposed...
Developing device and image forming apparatus provided with same
A developing device includes a housing, a developer carrier, a conveying member and a surface layer. The conveying member conveys the developer in the first...
Developer container, cartridge, and image forming apparatus
A developer container configured to contain developer to be used for image formation, includes a first electrode provided in the developer container, a second...
Developer cartridge and developing unit provided with the same
A developer cartridge assembled to a developing device defining therein a developing chamber. The developer cartridge includes a first accommodating portion,...
Developer conveyance member and corresponding support part configuration
for developer container and developing...
A developer container may include a container body accommodating developer, a conveyance member, and a rotation member having a rotary shaft and an elastic part...
Developing cartridge having a housing featuring claws to engage a bearing
unit for a developing roller
A developing cartridge is provided for use with an image forming apparatus and may include a housing, a developing roller rotatably provided in the housing, and...
Method of quantifying coverage of extra particulate additives on the
surface of toner particles
A method of quantifying the coverage of extra particulate additives (EPA) on the surface of toner particles is provided. More specifically, this invention is a...
Image forming apparatus
An image forming apparatus includes at least one image bearer; multiple developing devices to develop the latent images with developers including toner and...
Developing device and image forming apparatus
A developing device configured to develop an electrostatic image includes a developing member and a carrier recovering member. An outer surface of the...
Developing roller, and image forming apparatus
A developing roller is provided, which is capable of controlling a solid black density and a dot density at higher levels than currently available levels. An...
Development device and image formation apparatus
A development device includes a developer carrier, a restriction member to control a layer thickness of the developer on the developer carrier, first and second...
Electric charging-diselectrifying device, process cartridge with electric
charging-diselectrifying device, and...
An electric charging-diselectrifying device includes an electric charging member that contacts an image bearer to form an electric charging nip between the...
Image forming apparatus that forms color image by superimposing plurality
of images in different colors
An image forming apparatus includes a generation unit configured to generate correlation data indicating a relationship between a relative position of a first...
Provided is a decolorizable toner including a binder resin and colorant particles which contain a color developable compound, a color developing agent, and a...
Toner, developer, and image forming apparatus
To provide a toner for developing an electrostatic image, the toner including toner particles, wherein the toner particles contain: a non-crystalline resin A;...
Toner and toner production method
A toner which includes a binder resin, a colorant and a hydrocarbon wax has a ratio W1/W2 of the half width W1 (.degree. C.) of a endothermic peak derived from...
Method for making color toner
A process for making colored polyester latex by phase inversion emulsification is described.
Robust phase inversion emulsification process for polyester latex
The disclosure provides robust phase inversion emulsification (PIE) processes, which produces polyester latex particles having particle size distributions with...
The present disclosure is related to coated photoconductors. In an example, a coated photoconductor can comprise a photoconductor including a substrate having a...
Semiconductor microlithography projection exposure apparatus
The disclosure relates to an optical correction arrangement including at least one optical element and at least one irradiation mechanism for the targeted local...
Optical element with low surface figure deformation
A reflective optical element includes a body with a first reflective surface of a high precision geometrical form, which can be used for reflecting light in a...
Stage transferring device and position measuring method thereof
A stage transferring device invention includes: a transferring stage upon which an object is mounted and which transfers the object in an x-y plane; and a stage...
Movable body apparatus, pattern forming apparatus and pattern forming
method, device manufacturing method,...
A substrate stage and an empty-weight canceling mechanism that supports an empty weight of the substrate stage are made up of separate bodies. Accordingly, the...
Lithographic apparatus and device manufacturing method
A substrate support is provided for a lithographic apparatus. The support comprises a substrate table constructed to hold a substrate and a chuck for the...
Lithographic apparatus and device manufacturing method
A lithographic projection apparatus includes a support structure to hold a patterning device, the patterning device configured to pattern a beam of radiation...
Display device comprising dual transistor with LDD regions overlapping the
gate electrodes and one of a source...
The present invention provides a highly controllable device for exposure from the back side and an exposure method, and also provides a method of manufacturing...
Illumination optical system, exposure apparatus, optical element and
manufacturing method thereof, and device...
An illumination optical system which illuminates a surface to be illuminated on the basis of light from a light source has a first optical path in which a...
Methodology for implementing enhanced optical lithography for hole
patterning in semiconductor fabrication
System and method for enhancing optical lithography methodology for hole patterning in semiconductor fabrication are described. In one embodiment, a...
Anamorphically imaging projection lens system and related optical systems,
projection exposure systems and methods
An imaging optical system for a projection exposure system has at least one anamorphically imaging optical element. This allows a complete illumination of an...
A radiation source (60) suitable for providing a beam of radiation to an illuminator of a lithographic apparatus. The radiation source comprises a nozzle...
Electric/magnetic field guided acid profile control in a photoresist layer
Methods and apparatuses for minimizing line edge/width roughness in lines formed by photolithography are provided. In one example, a method of processing a...
Forming electrically-conductive patterns using crosslinkable reactive
An electrically-conductive pattern is prepared using a reactive composition having: (1) a reactive polymer; (2) a compound that provides a cleaving acid upon...
Compositions and antireflective coatings for photolithography
A composition comprising: A) polymer that comprises: ##STR00001## L is CX--CYZ, where X, Y, and Z are independently hydrogen, an alkyl, or a substituted...
Resist composition and pattern forming process
A resist composition comprising a polymer comprising recurring units (a) of formula (1) and having a Mw of 1,000-500,000 as base resin is provided. R.sup.1 is H...
Negative-working lithographic printing plate precursor and use
A negative-working, infrared radiation-sensitive lithographic printing plate precursor is exposed and processed on-press to provide a lithographic printing...
Silicone structure-bearing polymer, resin composition, and photo-curable
A silicone structure-bearing polymer having a crosslinking group within the molecule, containing an isocyanurate structure bonded within the molecule, and...
Negative resist composition, method of forming resist pattern, and complex
A negative resist composition including a complex represented by the general formula (1); and a polymerization initiator. in which M represents hafnium (Hf) or...
Negative photosensitive resin composition and application thereof
A negative photosensitive resin composition including an alkali-soluble resin (A), a photoacid generator (B), a basic compound (C), a cross-linking agent (D),...
Photoacid generator, chemically amplified resist composition, and
An onium salt having an anion moiety of a specific bis-sulfonate structure is an effective photoacid generator. A resist composition comprising the PAG forms a...
Photopolymer formulation having triazine-based writing monomers
The invention relates to a photopolymer formulation comprising polyurethane matrix polymers, writing monomers, and photoinitiators, wherein the writing monomers...
Self-imageable layer forming polymer and compositions thereof
Copolymers and compositions thereof useful for forming self-imageable films encompassing such copolymers are disclosed. Such copolymers encompass...
Exposure mask and fabrication method for color filter
The present invention disclose a exposure mask for fabricating a color filter, the exposure mask includes a plurality of exposure regions; and a light-shielding...