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Image formation apparatus with initial voltage polarity setting
An image formation apparatus includes an image carrier; a charge member; an exposure unit; a development member; a measurement unit that measures a stop time...
Image forming apparatus that reduces development gap variation at both end
portions of developing roller
An image forming apparatus includes an image forming apparatus body, a first driving mechanism, a first drive unit, an image carrier, a developing device, and a...
Image forming apparatus and exposure position adjusting method
In one aspect of the present invention, exposure timings for a plurality of light beams are adjusted on the basis of a toner concentration of a boundary part...
Image forming apparatus, method for controlling image forming conditions,
and non-transitory computer-readable...
An image forming apparatus includes a forming unit and a controller. The forming unit includes a developing unit and a multi-beam scanning unit. The multi-beam...
Image forming apparatus
An image forming apparatus, including: a photosensitive member; a light source configured to emit a light beam; a deflecting unit configured to deflect the...
Image forming apparatus, image forming method, and non-transitory computer
An image forming apparatus includes a latent image forming unit, a developing unit, a transfer unit, a detector, an adjustment unit, and a controller. The...
Image forming apparatus
An image forming apparatus includes, a unit including at least a photosensitive member and a charging member detachable from a main body of the image forming...
Member for electrophotography, method for producing the same, and image
A member for electrophotography for use in forming a high quality electrophotographic image for a long period is provided. The member for electrophotography...
Apparatus, controller, and method of forming multicolor toner image
An image forming apparatus includes a transfer condition setting device to set a patch image transfer condition under which multiple patch images of respective...
Image forming apparatus for determining a difference in lightness between
colors in toner image forming units
An image forming apparatus includes a transfer member, first transfer units, and second transfer units. Images of reference colors and other colors are...
Liquid electrophotographic inks
The present disclosure provides for compositions, methods, and systems directed towards a liquid electrophotographic ink comprising a carrier fluid, a pigment,...
Electrostatic-image-developing toner, electrostatic image developer, and
There is provided an electrostatic-image-developing toner containing: a toner particle which contains a binder resin containing a polyester resin, a release...
Toner, developer, and image forming apparatus
Provided is a toner, including: a crystalline resin; and a colorant, wherein the toner has a sea island structure in which a crystal region containing the...
Method of making a phosphorescent toner
A method of making a toner composition including at least one phosphorescent pigment that absorbs energy released by natural or artificial light, and is able to...
Electrophotographic photosensitive member, process cartridge,
electrophotographic apparatus, and imide compound
An electrophotographic photosensitive member including: a support; an undercoat layer formed on the support; and a photosensitive layer formed on the undercoat...
Electrophotographic photoreceptor including a copolymer polyarylate resin,
production method therefor,...
An electrophotographic photoreceptor having a photosensitive layer which includes, as a resin binder, a copolymeric polyarylate resin having structural units of...
Electrophotographic photosensitive member, process cartridge,
electrophotographic apparatus and phthalocyanine...
The photosensitive layer of an electrophotographic photosensitive member contains a phthalocyanine crystal in which a compound represented by the following...
Position detector, lithography apparatus, and device manufacturing method
A position detector configured to detect a position of an object to be detected. The position detector has an optical system configured to detect a mark on the...
Device for controlling temperature of an optical element
A device serves for controlling temperature of an optical element provided in vacuum atmosphere. The device has a cooling apparatus having a radiational cooling...
Exposure apparatus, exposure method, device manufacturing method, and
An exposure apparatus is equipped with a coarse movement stage which can move along an XY plane and includes a first section and a second section that can come...
Substrate holder, lithographic apparatus, device manufacturing method, and
method of manufacturing a substrate...
A substrate holder for a lithographic apparatus has a main body having a thin-film stack provided on a surface thereof. The thin-film stack forms an electronic...
Multi-stage system, a control method therefor, and a lithographic
A multi-stage system includes a stator including a plurality of electric coils; a first stage including a first magnet assembly, the first stage moveable...
Projection exposure tool for microlithography and method for
A projection exposure tool for microlithography for imaging mask structures of an image-providing substrate onto a substrate to be structured includes a...
Scanner overlay correction system and method
A method of processing first and second semiconductor wafers is provided. Each of the first and second semiconductor wafers has a first layer and a second layer...
Overlay sampling methodology
One embodiment relates to a method to achieve enhanced overlay control while maintaining manufacturing throughput for a fabrication process. Locations of a...
Fluid handling structure including gas supply and gas recovery openings, a
lithographic apparatus and a device...
A fluid handling structure for a lithographic apparatus, the fluid handling structure having, at a boundary from a space configured to contain immersion fluid...
Exposure apparatus and device manufacturing method
An immersion-type exposure apparatus includes a measurement area for measuring a substrate, an exposure area, which differs from the measurement area, for...
Lithographic apparatus and device manufacturing method
A lithographic projection apparatus is disclosed for use with an immersion liquid positioned between the projection system and a substrate, Several methods and...
Extreme ultraviolet lithography process
A process of an extreme ultraviolet lithography is disclosed. The process includes receiving an extreme ultraviolet (EUV) mask, an EUV radiation source and an...
An imaging optics has a plurality of mirrors to image an object field in an object plane into an image field in an image plane. At least one of the mirrors has...
Optical system for a microlithographic projection exposure apparatus and
microlithographic exposure method
The invention relates to an optical system for a microlithographic projection exposure apparatus, and to a microlithographic exposure method. An optical system...
Extreme ultraviolet lithography process and mask
The present disclosure is directed towards lithography processes. In one embodiment, a patterned mask is provided. An information of a position of diffraction...
EUV-mirror arrangement, optical system with EUV-mirror arrangement and
associated operating method
An EUV mirror arrangement (100) has a multiplicity of mirror elements (110, 111, 112) which are arranged alongside one another and jointly form a mirror surface...
Super-resolution exposure system
An optical device for performing nanolithography is disclosed, comprising an optical printing head that enables a super-resolution lithographic exposures...
Method of operating a projection exposure tool for microlithography
A method of operating a projection exposure tool for microlithography is provided. The projection exposure tool has a projection objective for imaging object...
Method and apparatus for generating radiation
A radiation source (e.g., LPP--laser produced plasma source) for generation of extreme UV (EUV) radiation has at least two fuel particle streams having...
Method for producing a microscreen
A microscreen, substantially formed of a photoresist material, is produced by applying a photoresist layer to a support using a liquid photoresist, partially...
Touch panel and manufacturing method thereof
A manufacturing method of a touch panel, comprising forming a pattern of a metal connecting layer, a pattern of an insulating layer, a pattern of a driving...
Wet-strippable silicon-containing antireflectant
Wet-strippable antireflective compositions comprising one or more silicon-containing polymers that are free of Q-monomers and hydridosilanes as polymerized...
Positive resist composition and patterning process
A positive resist composition is provided comprising a polymer comprising recurring units having a carboxyl or phenolic hydroxyl group substituted with an acid...
Superoleophobic surfaces and methods of making same
Disclosed herein is a substrate having a surface modified to impart multi-scale roughness, thereby providing superhydrophobic and/or superoleophobic properties....
Coloring composition, method for manufacturing a color filter using the
same, color filter and solid-state...
There is provided a coloring composition including: a colorant; and a resin, wherein a content of the colorant is 50% by mass or more based on total solids of...
Method of producing color filter and solid-state imaging device having
colored composition containing color agent
The invention is directed to a colored composition containing a coloring agent and a resin, wherein a content of the coloring agent to a total solid content of...
Pigment dispersion composition, photocurable composition and color filter
There is provided a pigment dispersion composition having high pigment dispersibility and dispersion stability and favorable color characteristics even when...
Method of producing structure containing phase-separated structure, method
of forming pattern and method of...
A method of producing a structure containing a phase-separated structure, including a step in which a layer including an Si-containing block copolymer having a...
Imprinting method, imprinting apparatus, and device manufacturing method
An imprinting method of this disclosure includes supplying an imprint material on a substrate having a pattern including a mark on the substrate formed thereon;...
Method and apparatus for lithographic mask production
An electro-deposition apparatus deposits a first pattern of a lithographic mask. The electro-deposition apparatus then deposits a second pattern of the...
Method of making an extreme ultraviolet pellicle
The present disclosure relates to a method of forming an extreme ultraviolet (EUV) pellicle having an pellicle film connected to a pellicle frame without a...
Array substrate and mask plate
Embodiments of the disclosed technology provide an array substrate. The array substrate comprises: a plurality of electrode patterns with a predetermined shape...
Layout pattern and photomask including the same
A layout pattern and a photomask including the layout pattern are provided. The layout pattern includes a plurality of main patterns and at least one auxiliary...