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Image forming apparatus for forming image by using developer including
toner and carrier
An image forming apparatus includes an image carrier, a first guide portion, a developing portion, and a second guide portion. The first guide portion forms a...
A developing device and image forming apparatus are provided. The developing device includes a chassis; a developer carrying member; a thickness regulating...
Development device and image forming apparatus including the same
A development device includes a developer container, a developer bearing member, a mixing/transporting member, an opening/closing member, and a drive mechanism....
Nozzle receiver, powder container, and image forming apparatus
A nozzle receiver for use with a powder container includes: a shutter to open an opening of the nozzle receiver to an opening position when the shutter is...
Developer discharge structure and image forming apparatus
A developer discharge structure includes a tube-shaped container portion disposed in an apparatus body and holding developer, the container portion having an...
A developing cartridge may include multiple rotary members, at least one of the rotary members configured to be detected by an image forming apparatus. In one...
A roller (1) is provided, which is free from imaging failures even if being used as a developing roller, for example, in combination with a toner including...
Image forming apparatus
Disclosed is an image forming apparatus, including: n laser elements arranged in the sub-scanning direction and configured to simultaneously scan an image; a...
Charging member, process cartridge and electrophotographic apparatus
A charging member including an electro-conductive substrate, an electro-conductive elastic layer, and an electro-conductive surface layer, wherein the elastic...
Toner for developing electrostatic image, image forming apparatus, image
forming method, and process cartridge
A toner for developing an electrostatic image, which contains: resin particles (C), wherein the resin particles (C) each contain a resin particle (B) and resin...
Magnetic iron oxide particles, magnetic carrier for electrophotographic
developers and process for producing...
The present invention provides magnetic iron oxide particles having a high bonding property to a resin as well as a magnetic carrier for electrophotographic...
Electrophotographic toner using bioplastic and method of producing the
An electrophotographic toner having good grindability, and excellent fixability and durability, and a method of producing the same are provided. The...
Electrophotographic printer photoconductor based on ligand-free
semiconductor quantum dots
A photoconductor and method of forming a photoconductor for an electrophotographic device comprising forming a charge generation material comprising a plurality...
Overcoat formulation for long-life electrophotographic photoconductors and
method for making the same
An overcoat layer and method to make an overcoated photoconductor drum of an electrophotographic image forming device using irradiation such as with electron...
Electrophotographic photosensitive member
An electrophotographic photosensitive member includes a conductive substrate and a photosensitive layer. The photosensitive layer includes a charge generating...
Resist pattern calculation method and calculation program storage medium
A recording medium stores a program for causing a computer to execute a method of calculating a resist pattern. The method includes: a first step of calculating...
Lithographic apparatus and device manufacturing method
A gas knife configured to dry a surface in an immersion lithographic apparatus is optimized to remove liquid by ensuring that a pressure gradient is built up in...
Exposure method, exposure apparatus, and method for producing device
An exposure apparatus and method exposes a substrate by projecting an image of a pattern onto the substrate through a liquid. A projection optical system...
Multilayer mirror, method of producing a multilayer mirror and
A multilayer mirror for use in device lithography is configured to reflect and/or pattern radiation having a wavelength in the range of about 6.4 nm to about...
Extreme ultraviolet lithography process and mask
A system of an extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUVL) is disclosed. an extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUVL) system includes an extreme ultraviolet (EUV)...
EUV lithography system
An EUV lithography system 1 comprises an EUV beam path and a monitor beam path 51. The EUV beam path comprises a mirror system 13, which has a base and a...
Optical system for a microlithographic projection exposure apparatus and
microlithographic exposure method
The invention relates to an optical system for a microlithographic projection exposure apparatus, and to a microlithographic exposure method. An optical system...
Off-axis alignment system and alignment method
An off-axis alignment system includes, sequentially along a transmission path of a light beam, an illumination module (10), an interference module (20) and a...
Method of manufacturing semiconductor and exposure system
A method of manufacturing semiconductor and an exposure system are provided. The method includes the following step. A material layer is formed on a substrate....
Photoresist pattern trimming compositions and methods
Provided are compositions and methods for trimming a photoresist pattern. The photoresist pattern trimming composition comprises: a matrix polymer comprising a...
Composition for forming fine resist pattern and pattern forming method
[Object] To provide a composition enabling to form a fine negative photoresist pattern free from troubles, such as, surface roughness, bridge defects, and...
Sloped electrode element for a torsional spatial light modulator
A method of forming a micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS) pixel, such as a DMD-type pixel, by depositing a photoresist spacer layer upon a substrate. The...
Pattern shrink methods
Pattern shrink methods comprise: (a) providing a semiconductor substrate comprising one or more layers to be patterned; (b) providing a resist pattern over the...
Pattern forming method, resist pattern formed by the method, method for
manufacturing electronic device using...
There is provided a pattern forming method including (1) forming a film by an actinic ray-sensitive or radiation-sensitive resin composition containing a resin...
Generalization of shot definitions for mask and wafer writing tools
Techniques for reducing the number of shots required by a radiation beam writing tool to write a pattern, such as fractured layout design, onto a substrate. One...
Resist underlayer film formation composition and method for forming resist
pattern using the same
The present invention provides a novel resist underlayer film formation composition for lithography. A resist underlayer film formation composition for...
Photosensitive resin composition, resist laminate, and articles obtained
by curing same (7)
The purpose of the present invention is to provide the following: a photosensitive epoxy resin composition that, via photolithography, can form a...
Chemically amplified positive-type photosensitive resin composition for
A chemically amplified positive-type photosensitive resin composition for thick-film application capable of forming a resist pattern having a nonresist section...
Actinic ray-sensitive or radiation-sensitive resin composition, resist
film, pattern forming method,...
There is provided an actinic ray-sensitive or radiation-sensitive resin composition comprising: (A) a resin having a repeating unit represented by the specific...
Photoresist composition and method of manufacturing a thin film transistor
A photoresist composition includes about 0.1 to about 30 parts by weight of a photo-initiator, about 1 to 50 parts by weight of a first acrylate monomer...
Photoresist composition, compound and process of producing photoresist
A photoresist composition comprising a resin having an acid-labile group, an acid generator, and a compound represented by formula (I0). ##STR00001##
Positive photosensitive resin composition and pattern forming method
A positive photosensitive resin composition, a pattern forming method, a thin film transistor array substrate, and a liquid crystal display device are provided....
Method for fracturing and forming a pattern using shaped beam charged
particle beam lithography
In the field of semiconductor production using charged particle beam lithography, a method and system for fracturing or mask data preparation or proximity...
Optical pattern transfer mask and method of fabricating the same
An optical pattern transfer mask includes a light transmissive substrate, a reflection layer pattern on a plurality of first regions of the light transmissive...
Photo-mask and method of manufacturing semiconductor structures by using
The present invention provides a photo-mask for manufacturing structures on a semiconductor substrate, which comprises a photo-mask substrate, a first pattern,...
Method for making a mask with a phase bar in an integrated circuit design
A method for making a mask includes receiving an integrated circuit (IC) design layout and identifying at least one targeted-feature-surrounding-location (TFSL)...
Reflective mask blank for EUV lithography, or reflective layer-coated
substrate for EUV lithography, and...
To provide a process for producing an EUV mask blank, whereby mixing at each interface between layers constituting a Mo/Si multilayer reflective film during a...
Reflective mask blank and reflective mask, and methods for manufacturing
reflective mask blank and reflective mask
A reflective mask blank, a reflective mask, and methods for manufacturing those, which suppress reflectance at a light-shielding frame. The reflective mask...
Mask shift resistance-inductance method for multiple patterning mask
design and a method for performing the same
A system and method comprising providing a layout of an integrated circuit design, generating, by a processor, a plurality of multiple patterning decompositions...
Display device and drive method for display device
A display device having a simple circuit configuration and capable of lowering power consumption, and a drive method for the display device are provided....
Projection screen with gold coated projection receiving surface
A projection screen has a gold coated projection receiving surface that reflects light. The projection screen includes a support structure and an adhesive layer...
Projector and projecting lens of the projector
A projector includes an image beam generator and a projecting lens. The projecting lens includes a relay system and a projection system. The relay system has a...
Focus control in continuous shooting in digital photographing apparatus
A digital photographing apparatus includes a focus lens, a focus detection unit that detects focus in a contrast auto focusing (AF) method by moving the focus...
Pulse width modulation control of solenoid motor
A drive mechanism configured to drive a thermally isolated actuator between two positions. The drive mechanism includes a rotary actuated motor configured to...
Light conversion member and display device having the same
Disclosed are a light conversion member and a display device having the same. The display device includes a light source, and a light conversion member adjacent...