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Device for supplying voltage to the cathode of a mass spectrometer
A simplified device for voltage supply of the cathode of a mass spectrometer comprises a push-pull transformer, wherein, apart from the normal rectifier diodes...
Method for isomer discrimination by tandem mass spectrometry
Systems and method for mass spectrometry are presented. In one embodiment, a method comprises: (a) acquiring one or more fragmentation signatures for a...
Ion detection system and method
A detection system and a method for detecting ions which have been separated in a time-of-flight (TOF) mass analyzer, comprising an amplifying arrangement for...
Compact mass spectrometer
A miniature mass spectrometer is disclosed comprising an atmospheric pressure ionisation source and a first vacuum chamber having an atmospheric pressure...
Thermionic power generator
A thermionic power generator includes an emitter generating thermions and a collector collecting the thermions. The emitter includes an emitter substrate having...
Method for depositing multilayer coatings
The invention relates to a method and apparatus for the generation of multilayered coatings onto substrates. Typically the apparatus used is a closed field...
Titanium target for sputtering
A high-purity titanium target for sputtering, which contains, as additive components, one or more elements selected from Al, Si, S, Cl, Cr, Fe, Ni, As, Zr, Sn,...
Method for cleaning titanium alloy deposition
Embodiments described herein relate to a thermal chlorine gas cleaning process. In one embodiment, a method for cleaning N-Metal film deposition in a processing...
Method and apparatus for ESC charge control for wafer clamping
A plasma processing method and apparatus are provided in which current spikes associated with application of a voltage to an electrostatic chuck (ESC) are...
Method for attachment of an electrode into an inductively-coupled plasma
An inductively coupled plasma charged particle source for focused ion beam systems includes a plasma reaction chamber with a removably attached source...
Method for the plasma coating of a substrate, in particular a press platen
An apparatus for the plasma coating of a substrate, in particular a press platen, is provided and is used to perform a method to plasma coat the press platen....
Process chamber apparatus, systems, and methods for controlling a gas flow
Process chamber gas flow control apparatus may include, or be included in, a process chamber configured to process a substrate therein. The gas flow control...
Sputtering device and gas supply pipe for sputtering device
A sputtering device and a gas supply pipe for a sputter device are disclosed. In one aspect, the sputtering device includes a chamber, a stage located in the...
Integrated induction coil and microwave antenna as an all-planar source
This disclosure relates to a plasma processing system that can use a single power source assembly to generate inductively coupled plasma (ICP) and surface wave...
Dual control modes
Systems and methods for using variables based on a state associated with a plasma system. A method includes determining whether the state associated with the...
Plasma processing apparatus and filter unit
A filter unit 54(IN) includes a housing 82 formed of a cylindrical conductor. Further, in the housing 82, the air-core solenoid coils AL.sub.1 and BL.sub.1; the...
Plasma system, chuck and method of making a semiconductor device
A chuck, a system including a chuck and a method for making a semiconductor device are disclosed. In one embodiment the chuck includes a first conductive region...
In-situ charging neutralization
Some embodiments relate to a method for semiconductor processing. In this method, a semiconductor wafer is provided. A surface region of the semiconductor wafer...
Blanking aperture array and charged particle beam writing apparatus
In one embodiment, a blanking aperture array includes a substrate including an upper surface on which an insulating film is provided, a plurality of blanking...
Techniques for improving the performance and extending the lifetime of an
A system and method of improving the performance and extending the lifetime of an ion source is disclosed. The ion source includes an ion source chamber, a...
Charged particle beam device and arithmetic device
It is possible to determine an optimal parasitic aberration adjustment amount even when the relationship of the parasitic aberration adjustment amount with...
Focusing a charged particle system
A charged particle beam focusing apparatus includes a charged particle beam generator configured to project simultaneously at least one non-astigmatic charged...
Charged particle beam system and method of operating a charged particle
The present disclosure relates to a charged particle beam system comprising a charged particle beam source, a charged particle column, a sample chamber, a...
Charged particle beam system and method of operating a charged particle
The present disclosure relates to a charged particle beam system, comprising a noble gas field ion beam source, a charged particle beam column, and a housing...
Blanking aperture array device for multi-beams, and fabrication method of
blanking aperture array device for...
A method for fabricating a blanking aperture array device for multi-beams includes forming, using a substrate over which a first insulating film, a first metal...
An x-ray apparatus includes an x-ray emitter having an x-ray tube, a rotary anode disposed in the x-ray tube, and a drive for the rotary anode. The drive...
X-ray generation from a super-critical field
Described herein are methods and systems relating to an x-ray generation system. In some embodiments, the system includes an electron beam acceleration region...
Supply of a liquid-metal target in X-ray generation
Closed-loop circulation for providing liquid metal to an interaction region at which an electron beam is to impact upon the liquid metal to produce X-rays is...
Ion source and method for making same
An articles includes: an ion source configured to provide a first ion beam that has a first brightness; and a cooler configured to receive the first ion beam...
Laser activated magnetic field manipulation of laser driven ion beams
A system for generating pulses of charged particles, comprising a high intensity pulsed laser emitting laser pulses which, when impacting a target, generate...
Method for operating a traveling-wave tube module
A method for operating a traveling-wave tube module of a communication satellite involves receiving of a high-frequency signal from an antenna of the satellite...
A flat emitter comprises four current-supply heating legs. Half lighting for a small focus in which a current is supplied to heat only a region narrower and...
Thermo magnetic trip unit for a circuit breaker and circuit breaker
A thermo magnetic trip unit is disclosed for a circuit breaker, in particular for a molded case circuit breaker. In an embodiment, the thermo magnetic trip unit...
Microelectronic switch and active matrix organic light emitting display
The embodiments of the present invention discloses a microelectronic switch comprising: a gate electrode; a source electrode; a drain electrode; a first...
An electromagnetic relay includes an electromagnet block, a pair of fixed contacts, a movable spring, and a stopper. The electromagnet block includes an exciter...
Relay and flag assembly for use with relays
A relay and a method of assembling a relay are provided. The relay comprising: a relay switch configured to operate in a first switch mode and a second switch...
Relay drive device
A relay switch has a coil such that a predetermined voltage is imposed on one end thereof and the other end is grounded with a resistor therebetween, and when...
Multiway switching apparatuses for electrical appliances
Disclosed is a switching apparatus for an electrical appliance where the switching apparatus includes a plurality of electric switches connected to the...
Circuit breaker with low-clearance connections
A vacuum circuit breaker includes a frame and a vacuum interrupter supported by the frame. A control wiring harness exits from an opening in a top face of a...
Integrated particle trap in a tank of a dead tank circuit breaker
A tank for a dead tank circuit breaker includes a body having an interior volume defined by an interior surface. A particle trap structure includes a pair of...
Electromagnetically assisted arc quench with pivoting permanent magnet
A circuit interrupter configured to aid in rapidly extinguishing an electrical arc regardless of the polarity of current through a circuit interrupter, and...
Arc extinguishing assemblies and methods
An arc extinguishing assembly for a circuit breaker or switch. The arc extinguishing assembly includes an arc chamber having an arc chamber width (b) adjacent...
Safety system for high voltage network grounding switch
The present invention is directed to a safety system integrated into a liquid-insulated high voltage network grounding switch, including modifications to the...
A luminous keyboard includes plural bottom-emitting type illumination elements, a sensing module, plural keys, and a light-transmissible supporting plate. As a...
Key board of mobile phone
A key board of mobile phone applied in key circuit of mobile phone is provided. A first electrode, a second electrode and a third electrode are disposed on a...
Circuit breaking arrangement
A circuit breaking arrangement is disclosed, which is adapted to be coupled to a transmission line arranged to carry direct current for controllably effecting...
A switch device may have a restriction member provided between a support portion and a fixed contact point portion of a polar board for restricting movement of...
Touch switch device with illuminator
A touch switch device with an illuminator for detecting a close approach or contact of a human body to an operation surface includes: a wiring board having a...
The invention relates to a switching device (10), in particular in a motor vehicle, having an adjustable touch-sensitive switching element (12) which is...
Common switch device for vehicle
A common switch device for a vehicle capable of serving as a communicative switch module and a non-communicative switch module includes a switch module...