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Developing cartridge including first frame and second frame melt-bonded to
A developing cartridge includes: a developing roller; a first frame; and a second frame. The first frame includes: a first melt-bonding surface extending in a...
Image forming unit and image forming apparatus
Provided is an image forming unit that includes: an image supporting member including a photosensitive layer configured to support a latent image; a developer...
Image forming apparatus
Provided is an image forming apparatus that forms an image on a recording material, the apparatus including: a first helical gear and a second helical gear that...
Image forming apparatus
An image forming apparatus includes an exposure part forming an electrostatic latent image on a charge region, a developer carrier developing the electrostatic...
Printing apparatus and custom color ink container
A printing apparatus comprising a plurality of base color ink containers, each for containing a different base color ink, and a custom color ink container for...
Carrier set for electrostatic charge image developer, electrostatic charge
image developer set, and process...
A carrier set for electrostatic charge image developer, includes: a first carrier that satisfies Expression (1); 160 mJ.ltoreq.x.ltoreq.200 mJ, and a second...
Image forming apparatus and method of controlling beam scanning device
An image forming apparatus, including: a polygon mirror; a first optical sensor; a second optical sensor; and a controller configured to (a) determine a...
Image forming apparatus and emission control method for controlling
pre-charge of light emitting elements of...
An image forming apparatus comprises: a plurality of exposure units, each of the exposure units including a plurality of light emitting elements that are...
Method and system for active decrease of ghost appearance
A system and method to compensate for ghost appearances on a print due to a previous job, the method comprising defining areas in which ghosting is expected or...
In a corona charger including a housing that encloses a discharge electrode and has an open portion on a charging-object side and a shutter that opens and...
Image forming apparatus having a voltage application unit for applying a
voltage to a developing roller and a...
An image forming apparatus has an image carrier, a charger, a developing device, a voltage application unit, and a controller. The developing device includes a...
Image forming apparatus having a function to apply charge removal light to
In the case where development is performed by a two-component developing method, a previous charge removal light-emitting portion applies charge removal light...
Image forming apparatus
Voltages are applied to an image bearing member using at least three application voltage values which are larger than a discharge start voltage value and which...
Conductive roller and manufacturing method thereof
A conductive roller in which dripping of a water-based coating during the manufacture thereof is restrained, and a manufacturing method thereof. The conductive...
Formulation for a developer mix having tribocharge uniformity across
different temperature and humidity conditions
A developer mix formulation having tribocharge uniformity across varying temperature and humidity conditions is provided. A developer mix used in a dual...
Electrostatic latent image developing toner and manufacturing method of
An electrostatic latent image developing toner includes toner particles that each include a toner mother particle. The toner mother particle includes a toner...
Method for producing ground toner
Toner of one aspect of the present invention has a weight average molecular weight Mw of 30,000.ltoreq.Mw.ltoreq.95,263 as determined from a molecular weight...
Electrostatic charge image developing toner, electrostatic charge image
developer, and toner cartridge
An electrostatic charge image developing toner includes a toner particles containing a binder resin and a metallic pigment and aliphatic acid metal salt...
Continuous coalescence process for sustainable toner
A continuous coalescence process for preparing a sustainable toner is described which features toner with lowered melt properties and higher toner surface...
Electrophotographic photosensitive member, process cartridge and
In order to provide an electrophotographic photosensitive member with which a ghost is suppressed even under a low temperature and low humidity environment, and...
Electrophotographic photosensitive member, process cartridge and
An electrophotographic photosensitive member has an undercoat layer containing a polymerized product of a composition including electron transporting substance...
Solution of gallium phthalocyanine method for preparing the same method
for producing gallium phthalocyanine...
A solution of a gallium phthalocyanine contains a compound of formula (1) and a gallium phthalocyanine of formula (2), ...
Photoconductor, image-forming apparatus, and cartridge
A photoconductor is used for an image-forming apparatus, and the photoconductor has a surface including irregularities having an arithmetic average roughness of...
Image forming method, image forming apparatus, and process cartridge
An image forming method satisfies the following Expressions: 0.01<Rmf<0.20 Expression (A1): 0.005<Rmf/Wh<5.000 Expression (B1):...
Metrology method and apparatus, and device manufacturing method
Methods are disclosed for measuring target structures formed by a lithographic process on a substrate. A grating or other structure within the target is smaller...
Method for a lithographic apparatus
A method is described that includes illuminating a patterning device pattern with a radiation beam having a symmetric illumination mode, the patterning device...
Support for a movable element and lithography apparatus
A support for a movable element includes a stator element, a gravity compensator field inducing element mounted on the stator element, the gravity compensator...
Exposure apparatus, exposure method, and device manufacturing method
An exposure apparatus is equipped with a fine movement stage that can hold a liquid with a projection optical system when the stage is at a position facing an...
Metrology method and apparatus, substrate, lithographic system and device
A metrology target formed by a lithographic process on a substrate includes a plurality of component gratings. Images of the target are formed using +1 and -1...
Imaging optics, microlithography projection exposure apparatus having same
and related methods
An imaging optics has a plurality of mirrors to image an object field in an object plane into an image field in an image plane. The imaging optics includes a...
Microlithographic projection exposure apparatus
A microlithographic projection exposure apparatus has a mirror array having a base body and a plurality of mirror units. Each mirror unit includes a mirror and...
Exposure apparatus and device manufacturing method
An apparatus which projects a pattern of an original onto a substrate by a projection optical system within a chamber to expose the substrate, comprises a...
Extreme ultraviolet lithography process to print low pattern density
The present disclosure provides a method for extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUVL) process. The method includes loading a binary phase mask (BPM) to a...
Maskless exposure device and maskless exposure method using the same
A maskless exposure device includes a plurality of exposure heads, each exposure head including a digital micro-mirror device configured to scan an exposure...
Mask for EUV lithography, EUV lithography system and method for optimising
the imaging of a mask
A mask (105) for EUV lithography includes a substrate (107), a multi-layer coating (108) applied to the substrate (107) and a mask structure (109) which is...
Optical system for a microlithographic projection exposure apparatus
An optical system for a microlithographic projection exposure apparatus has an optical axis, at least one mirror arrangement having a plurality of mirror...
Stripping solution for photolithography and pattern formation method
A stripping solution for photolithography including hydrofluoric acid, a basic compound represented by general formula (b-1), and water. In the formula,...
Grapho-epitaxy method for making patterns on the surface of a substrate
A method for making patterns on a substrate, includes forming an assembly guide on first and second areas of the substrate, the assembly guide having, compared...
Developing apparatus and developing method
According to one embodiment, a developing apparatus and method comprises moving a first nozzle from a scan start position to a scan end position, with holding a...
Method for fabricating semiconductor device, pattern writing apparatus,
recording medium recording program, and...
A method for fabricating a semiconductor device, includes dividing a pattern region of a desired pattern that is to be formed on a semiconductor substrate into...
Methods of manufacturing a semiconductor device
The inventive concepts provide methods of forming a semiconductor device. The method includes forming a neutral layer having a photosensitive property and a...
Onium salt, chemically amplified positive resist composition, and
The present invention provides the onium salt comprises the material represented by the following general formula (0-1), ##STR00001## wherein R.sup.f...
Heat-sensitive recording medium, and coating liquid for forming
heat-sensitive color-developing layer
A heat-sensitive color-developing layer of a heat-sensitive recording medium and a coating liquid for forming the heat-sensitive color-developing layer each...
Lithographic printing plate precursor and plate making method of
lithographic printing plate
By a lithographic printing plate precursor including a support having provided thereon an image-recording layer capable of forming an image by supplying at...
A method of determining a position of an imprint template in an imprint lithography apparatus. In an embodiment, the method includes illuminating an area of the...
Imprint apparatus and article manufacturing method
The imprint apparatus of the present invention molds an uncured resin on a substrate using a mold to form a resin pattern on the substrate. The apparatus...
Mask blank, method of manufacturing the same, transfer mask, and method of
manufacturing the same
Provided is a method of manufacturing a mask blank that is improved in cleaning resistance to ozone cleaning or the like, thus capable of preventing degradation...
Reticle, system comprising a plurality of reticles and method for the
A method includes providing a pre-optical proximity correction (OPC) layout of at least a portion of at least one reticle. The pre-OPC layout defines a test...
Reflective mask blank and method for manufacturing same, method for
manufacturing reflective mask, and method...
This invention provides a reflective mask blank capable of preventing peeling-off of a multilayer reflective film due to cleaning or the like in a mask...
Treating a capping layer of a mask
A method for forming a lithography mask includes forming a capping layer on a reflective multilayer layer, the capping layer comprising a first material,...