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Particles including nanoparticles dispersed in solid wax, method and uses
The present invention relates to nanoparticles encapsulated within a host material. In one embodiment, a particle comprises a host material including...
Single crystalline graphene sheet and process of preparing the same
A single-crystal graphene sheet includes a polycyclic aromatic molecule wherein a plurality of carbon atoms are covalently bound to each other, the...
Robotic pretreatment and primer electrodeposition system
A system for the pretreatment and primer electrodeposition of an assembly is provided. The system includes one or more large envelope, heavy payload robots...
Device for vertical galvanic metal, preferably copper, deposition on a
substrate and a container suitable for...
The present invention is related to a device for vertical galvanic metal, preferably copper, deposition on a substrate, a container suitable for receiving such...
Coating method by electrocatalyzed chemical grafting of a surface of a
substrate with a polymeric layer
The present invention relates to a coating method by electrocatalyzed chemical grafting of a surface of a substrate with a polymeric layer characterized in that...
Protecting anodes from passivation in alloy plating systems
An apparatus for continuous simultaneous electroplating of two metals having substantially different standard electrodeposition potentials (e.g., for deposition...
Silver-plated product and method for producing same
In a silver-plated product wherein a surface layer of silver is formed on the surface of a base material or on the surface of an underlying layer formed on the...
Electrolytic generation of manganese (III) ions in strong sulfuric acid
An electrolytic cell and a method of electrochemical oxidation of manganese(II) ions to manganese(III) ions in the electrolytic cell are described. The...
Buffered cobalt oxide catalysts
Disclosed are electrolysis catalysts formed from cobalt, oxygen and buffering electrolytes (e.g. fluoride). They can be formed as a coating on an anode by...
Scodaphoresis and methods and apparatus for moving and concentrating
Methods and apparatus for moving and concentrating particles by applying an alternating driving field and an alternating field that alters mobility of the...
High pressure electrolysis cell for hydrogen production from water
Exemplary embodiments include a method or apparatus for improving the electrolysis efficiency of high-pressure electrolysis cells by decreasing the current...
Device and method for post-treating a metal strip
A device and method for post-treating a metal strip, wherein a pickled metal strip (2) coming from a pickling zone is advanced continuously through a rinsing...
Multi-stage anti-corrosion treatment of metal components having zinc
The present invention relates to the field of phosphating for corrosion-protective pretreatment of zinc surfaces, being directed toward the use of largely...
Water soluble substituted imidazolines as corrosion inhibitors for ferrous
Corrosion inhibitors and methods for inhibiting or reducing corrosion of metallic surfaces are provided. A corrosion inhibitor composition may include a water...
Method and system for ion beam delayering of a sample and control thereof
There is provided a method, system and computer program product to delayer a layer of a sample, the layer comprising one or more materials, in an ion beam mill...
Etching tray and lid for acid etching PCD cutting inserts
An etching tray for etching PCD cutting inserts is provided. The etching system includes a tray having a bottom and side walls extending upwardly from the tray...
Metallic articles having vitreous or glass-ceramic pigmented protective
layers having a high chemical resistance
Metallic substrates with a vitreous or glass-ceramic pigmented protective layer are obtainable by applying an alkali metal silicate-containing coating sol to...
Methods of manufacture of engineered materials and devices
Methods, systems, and devices are disclosed for precision fabrication of nanoscale materials and devices. In one aspect, a method to manufacture a nanoscale...
Chamber pressure control apparatus for chemical vapor deposition systems
In one embodiment, a pressure control assembly includes a cylindrical hollow body having an opening to receive a ballast gas, a first and second flange, and a...
Cleaning method for thin-film processing applications and apparatus for
According to the present disclosure, a method for cleaning the processing chamber of a flexible substrate processing apparatus without breaking the vacuum in...
Process for depositing a thin layer and product obtained thereby
The purpose of the invention is a process for obtaining a material comprising a substrate at least part of whose surface and at least one of whose faces is...
Hard-coated tool and its production method
A hard-coated tool comprising a titanium carbonitride layer formed directly on a WC-based cemented carbide substrate by a chemical vapor deposition method; the...
DLC coating with run-in layer
A coating that resists wear; first, at least one DLC layer with a high degree of hardness is applied to a component and then a gradient layer, whose density...
Apparatus for deposition of polycrystalline silicon comprising uniformly
spaced filament rods and gas inlet...
The invention relates to an apparatus for deposition of polycrystalline silicon, including a reactor chamber with a reactor wall, at least 20 filament rods and...
Plasma process chambers employing distribution grids having focusing
surfaces thereon enabling angled fluxes to...
Plasma process chambers employing distribution grids having focusing surfaces thereon enabling angled fluxes to reach a substrate, and associated methods are...
Deposition apparatus, method of manufacturing organic light-emitting
display apparatus by using same, and...
A deposition apparatus includes: a transfer unit including a first transfer unit and a second transfer unit, wherein the first transfer unit transfers, in a...
Machine for implanting ions in plasma immersion mode for a low-pressure
An ion implantation machine includes an enclosure that is connected to a pump device, a negatively polarized substrate-carrier that is arranged inside the...
PVD target for self-centering process shield
In some embodiments, a target assembly, for use in a substrate processing chamber having a process shield, may include a backing plate having a first side and...
Precursor compositions for atomic layer deposition and chemical vapor
deposition of titanate, lanthanate, and...
Barium, strontium, tantalum and lanthanum precursor compositions useful for atomic layer deposition (ALD) and chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of titanate thin...
Partial heat treatment method in salt bath at low temperature
This invention relates to a surface heat treatment method in a salt bath at low temperature, suitable for partially hardening the surface of a workpiece through...
Bulk nickel--silicon--boron glasses bearing iron
Ni--Fe--Si--B and Ni--Fe--Si--B--P metallic glass forming alloys and metallic glasses are provided. Metallic glass rods with diameters of at least one, up to...
Method for manufacturing aluminum based alloy-made fastening part and
aluminum based alloy-made fastening part
By changing the timing of applying a heat treatment, a high-strength aluminum based alloy-made fastening part having an unprecedented tensile strength or other...
Turbocharger turbine housings formed from the stainless steel alloys, and
methods for manufacturing the same
Disclosed is an austenitic stainless steel alloy that includes, by weight, about 22% to about 28% chromium, about 3.5% to about 6.5% nickel, about 1% to about...
Austenitic iron-based alloy, turbocharger and component made thereof
An austenitic iron-based alloy containing manganese and at most 10% by weight and in particular at most 5% by weight nickel, based in each case on the overall...
High-strength cold-rolled steel sheet having small variations in strength
and ductility and manufacturing...
A high-strength cold-rolled steel sheet has a chemical composition including C of 0.05% to 0.30%, Si of greater than 0% to 3.0%, Mn of 0.1% to 5.0%, P of...
A rail is provided in which in a range from a surface of a head of the rail to a depth of 30 mm, 95% or more of a structure is composed of a pearlite structure...
Method for purification of 225AC from irradiated 226RA-targets
The present invention describes a method for purification of .sup.225Ac from irradiated .sup.226Ra-targets provided on a support, comprising a leaching...
Separation of manganese from brine
A method for the selective precipitation and recovery of manganese from a manganese containing solution, such as a geothermal brine is provided, wherein the...
Methods and systems for reducing chromium containing raw material
A method for reducing a chromium containing material, comprising: combining the chromium containing material comprising chromium oxide with a carbonaceous...
Methods for purifying aluminium ions
There are provided processes for purifying aluminum ions. Such processes comprise precipitating the aluminum ions under the form of Al(OH).sub.3 at a first pH...
Alkaline and acid pressure oxidation of precious metal-containing
The present invention is directed to a precious metal recovery process in which an acid sulfidic feed material is subjected to acid pressure oxidation and an...
Method for producing sintered ore
Method for producing sintered ore in which air above a charged layer containing a gaseous fuel supplied from a plurality of gaseous fuel supplying devices...
Hot rolled steel sheet and method for manufacturing the same
A semi-manufactured steel material has a chemical composition including, by mass %, C: 0.055% to 0.15%, Si: not more than 0.2%, Mn: not more than 1.3%, P: not...
High strength steel sheet and method for manufacturing the same
The invention provides a high strength steel sheet which exhibits excellent chemical convertibility and corrosion resistance after electrodeposition coating...
High strength cold rolled steel sheet and method for manufacturing the
A method of manufacturing a high strength cold rolled steel sheet includes hot-rolling and cold-rolling a steel slab annealing the steel sheet at an annealing...
Method for manufacturing a hot press-hardened component and use of a steel
product for manufacturing a hot...
A method of manufacturing a hot press-hardened component comprises the following production steps: a) providing a steel product produced at least in sections...
Induction hardening apparatus, induction hardening method, induction
heating coil, heat treatment apparatus,...
According to an embodiment, an induction heating coil includes a heating conductor portion which is formed of a conductor member and has a zigzag shape in which...
Slag-supplying container for use in electric furnace for reduction
processing of steel-making slag
This slag-supplying container of an electric furnace for reduction processing of steel-making slag includes: a container body that causes hot steel-making slag...
Methods and systems for producing direct reduced iron incorporating a
carbon dioxide and steam reformer fed by...
Methods and systems for producing direct reduced iron (DRI), comprising: generating a syngas stream in a carbon dioxide (CO2) and steam reformer; and providing...
System for energy optimization in a plant for producing direct-reduced
A system for energy optimization in a plant (3) for producing direct-reduced metal ores (3). The plant (3) has at least one reduction unit (12), a device for...