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Printing medium supplying apparatus and image forming apparatus having the
An image forming apparatus may include a main body having a developing apparatus, a driving source configured to generate power in the main body, a driven unit...
Image forming apparatus, control method of contacting/separating state of
The image forming apparatus comprises a photosensitive drum which is replaceable, an intermediate transfer belt unit which is brought into contact with the...
Imaging device with diagnostic testing for fatal errors
A method and system are disclosed for detecting a fatal error condition in a printing device having an intermediate transfer member for facilitating toner...
Image forming apparatus and sheet storage device
In an image forming apparatus including an apparatus body, an image forming portion, a conveyance unit, a storage portion, a sheet movement unit, a memory...
Fixing device and image forming apparatus having a movable pressing unit
A fixing device includes a heating unit, an endless belt body that follows rotation of the heating unit, and a pressing unit that faces the heating unit with...
Carbon nanoparticle and fluorpolymer composite fuser coating
A fuser comprises a substrate and a composite layer formed on the substrate. The composite layer comprises a fluoropolymer and at least one of (a)...
Fixing device having fixing belt heated with radiant heat from heat
generating portion and image forming...
A fixing device includes an endless-shaped fixing belt, a heater, a holding member, and a pressure member. The heater has a heat generating portion, and a seal...
Fixing device having stay and cover fixed thereto by spring
A fixing device includes a fixing belt, a heater, a nip plate, a pressure roller, a stay, a cover, and a spring. The fixing belt has an inner surface. The...
A fixing device includes a tubular fusing film, a heater, a nip member, a backup member, a backup member, first supporting member, and a second supporting...
Image heating apparatus
An image heating apparatus includes first and second rotatable members for heating a toner image therebetween; an endless belt for heating the first rotatable...
Image forming apparatus and image forming method
According to one embodiment, an image forming apparatus for forming an image on a recording medium includes a fixing member that fixes a toner image to the...
Apparatus, method, and non-transitory recording medium for power
generation using heat in image forming apparatus
An image forming apparatus includes a fixing device to fix an image on a recording medium by heating the recording medium, multiple heat storing devices to...
Fixing device that reduces friction against sheet and image forming
apparatus including the same
A fixing device includes a heating member, a pressure member, and a conveyance guide. The heating member internally includes a heating element. The pressure...
Image forming apparatus with a controller to control an alternating
An image forming apparatus includes an image bearer; a transfer device; a transfer bias power source; and a controller to control the transfer bias power...
A transfer device can make more stable contact with a belt, thus yielding preferable transfer performance. In an image-forming apparatus in which the transfer...
Developer accommodating unit, developing device, process catridge and
electrophotographic image forming apparatus
A developer accommodating unit includes: a developer accommodating member, provided with an opening for permitting discharge of a developer, for accommodating...
Toner container including a cap with two shoulders and image forming
A system with a container including a protrusion, and a receiver to receive the container. The receiver includes a slide block that is movable relative to a...
Developing device, image forming apparatus, developing device control
A developing device includes a toner carrying member, a developer carrying member, a layer thickness restricting portion, a rotation control portion, and a...
Toner cartridge for use in an image forming device
A toner cartridge according to one example embodiment includes a housing that defines a reservoir for containing toner. An exit port in fluid communication with...
Electrophotographic image forming apparatus, toner cartridge for the same,
imaging cartridge for the same, and...
An electrophotographic image forming apparatus may include an imaging cartridge and a toner cartridge that are detachably attached to a main body, a first...
Developing device and image forming apparatus
A developing device, includes a developing member that forms a first nip with a latent image forming member on which a latent image is formed, and develops the...
Developing apparatus, cartridge, and image forming apparatus
A developing apparatus includes a developer bearing member configured to bear a developer on a surface, a regulating member that regulates layer thickness of...
Image forming apparatus with function of setting appropriate development
An image forming apparatus includes an image carrier, a developer carrier, a bias applying section, a leakage detecting section, and a bias controlling section....
Signal processing device, signal processing method, and image forming
A signal processing device that generates an output signal from image data by using a clock corresponding to the pixels of the image data, the signal processing...
Electroconductive member for electrophotography, process cartridge, and
Provided is an electroconductive member configured to suppress a void image caused by abnormal discharge and a horizontal streak-like image caused by downstream...
Magnetic carrier, two-component developer, replenishing developer, and
image forming method
A magnetic carrier includes resin-filled magnetic core particles including porous magnetic particles whose pores are filled with a resin, and resin coating...
Toner and two-component developer
A toner contains toner particles. The toner particles are made of a resin containing an amorphous polyester resin, a releasing agent, an additive and a coloring...
Low energy consumption monochrome particle for single component
A low energy consumption monochrome particle includes a core latex having a core a glass transition temperature and a weight average molecular weight. A shell...
Electrophotographic photosensitive member, process cartridge, and
A photosensitive layer includes a gallium phthalocyanine crystal and 0.2% by mass or more and 20% by mass or less of an arene compound based on the gallium...
Positively chargeable single-layer electrophotographic photosensitive
member and image forming apparatus
A positively chargeable single-layer electrophotographic photosensitive member includes a single-layer photosensitive layer. The single-layer photosensitive...
The electrophotographic photoreceptor of the present invention at least includes a charge-generating layer, a charge-transporting layer, and a surface...
Imprint method and imprint system
According to one embodiment, an imprint method comprises coating a photo-curable organic material on a film to be processed, bringing a concave-convex pattern...
Homogeneous thermal equalization with active device
A system and method is provided for providing a thermal distribution on a workpiece during a lithographic process. The system provides a source of lithographic...
Exposure method, exposure apparatus, and method of manufacturing device
In an exposure method of performing a scan exposure of a substrate, held by a substrate stage, in a first direction for each shot region, a surface position of...
Method and apparatus for calibrating a projected image manufacturing
A method for calibrating a manufacturing device that manufactures solid parts by projecting images onto a photo-curable substrate includes providing the...
Lithographic apparatus and device manufacturing method involving a sensor
detecting a radiation beam through liquid
A lithographic projection apparatus and device manufacturing method is disclosed in which a space between a projection system and an object on a substrate...
Reflective image-forming optical system, exposure apparatus, and device
A reflective imaging optical system which forms, on a second plane, an image of a pattern arranged on a first plane and illuminated with light from an...
Imaging optical system and projection exposure installation for
microlithography including same
An imaging optical system has a plurality of mirrors which image an object field in an object plane into an image field in an image plane. The imaging optical...
Faceted EUV optical element
A reflective EUV optic such as a collector mirror configured as an array of facets that are spaced apart to form respective gaps between adjacent facets. The...
Method and device for splitting a high-power light beam to provide
simultaneous sub-beams to photolithography...
Methods for receiving a high-energy EUV beam and distributing EUV sub-beams to photolithography scanners and the resulting device are disclosed. Embodiments...
Method of temperature compensation in high power focusing system for EUV
Method of temperature compensating a focusing system in which a temperature of a thermal lens compensation plate is regulated based on an optical absorption of...
Apparatus and method for removing challenging polymer films and structures
from semiconductor wafers
The present apparatus and method are configured to remove challenging polymer films and structures from semiconductor wafers. This technique involves the use of...
Method and apparatus for baking photoresist patterns
In accordance with some embodiments, a method and an apparatus for baking photoresist patterns are provided. The method includes putting a wafer over a heating...
Guide pattern data correcting method, pattern forming method, and computer
readable record medium
According to one embodiment, a guide pattern data correcting method is for correcting guide pattern data of a physical guide for formation of a polymer material...
Ionic thermal acid generators for low temperature applications
New ionic thermal acid generator compounds are provided. Also provided are photoresist compositions, antireflective coating compositions, and chemical trim...
Polyether compound, method for preparing same and photoresist composition
A polyether compound which is as shown in Formula (I), wherein R.sub.1 is a polyether backbone of the polyether polyol; R.sub.2 is hydrogen or ...
Photosensitive resin composition, protective film and element having the
The present invention relates to a photosensitive resin composition, a protective film and an element having the same. The aforementioned photosensitive resin...
Positive resist composition and method of pattern formation with the same
A positive resist composition comprising: (A) a resin which comes to have an enhanced solubility in an alkaline developing solution by an action of an acid; (B)...
Block copolymers and lithographic patterning using same
Block copolymers and methods of making patterns of organic thin films using the block copolymers. The block copolymers comprise a fluorinated block. Thin films...
Cross-linkable fluorinated photopolymer
A photosensitive composition comprises a fluorinated solvent, a photo-acid generator and a copolymer. The copolymer comprises at least three distinct repeating...