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Refrigerant charge level detection
An exemplary embodiment of a system includes first and second sensors. The first sensor is operable to provide an output indicative of a sensed refrigerant...
Lighting method and lighting apparatus for a high pressure discharge lamp,
a high pressure discharge lamp...
After discharge has begun in a high pressure discharge lamp, constant current control is performed so a lamp current becomes 4 [A]. Then, the current supplied...
Method of making nanopatterns and nanostructures and nanopatterned
functional oxide materials
Method for nanopatterning of inorganic materials, such as ceramic (e.g. metal oxide) materials, and organic materials, such as polymer materials, on a variety...
Natural oil-based chemically produced toner
A natural oil-based toner resin for producing toner in developing electrophotographic image comprising a copolymer of unsaturated polyester resins and vinyl...
Low fat food containing gas bubbles
The invention discloses a shelf stable food product. The product comprises a continuous aqueous phase, liquid oil droplets dispersed in the continuous aqueous...
Microwave plasma sterilisation system and applicators therefor
A sterilization system having a controllable (e.g. adjustably modulatable) non-ionising microwave radiation source for providing microwave energy for combining...
High-strength steel sheet with excellent low temperature toughness and
There is provided a high-strength steel plate having acicular ferrite and bainite as a main microstructure and an austenite/martensite (M & A) as a second phase...
A baffle assembly for an etching apparatus is disclosed. The baffle assembly comprises a ring and a lower baffle portion having a curved wall extending between...
The Present Invention is a fire starting device for use as kindling manufactured from pine straw, as the primary component, a vegetable oil, natural resins, and...
Multi-function bedside care and therapy system
A wheeled cart has liquid cooling and liquid heating devices separated by thermal insulation. Pumps circulate cooled liquid and heated liquid through hoses to...
Patient temperature control system with variable gradient warming/cooling
A patient temperature control system (10) uses variable temperature gradient warming/cooling in combination with a warming/cooling device (16), such as a...
Thermocouple measurement system
A thermocouple measuring circuit for sensing a temperature at a measuring point is provided. The thermocouple measurement circuit (12) includes a thermocouple...
Catheter having proximal heat sensitive deflection mechanism and related
methods of use and manufacture
Deflectable catheter systems, apparatuses and methods utilizing thermal expansion to influence catheter deflection. A representative embodiment includes a...
Temperature dependent minimum transmission input speed
A system and method is employed to regulate a minimum transmission input speed based on automatic fluid temperature. The system includes a temperature sensor...
System and method for improving temperature uniformity of image drums
A printer includes an image drum temperature regulation system that helps reduce thermal gradients on the image drum surface. The image drum temperature...
Front end water box with on-line rubber ball cleaning function in the
tubular condenser of a water cooled chiller
A front end water box with an on-line rubber ball cleaning function in a tubular condenser of a water cooled chiller is provided. A front end water box and an...
Control apparatus for internal combustion engine
When knocking occurs, a control apparatus for an internal combustion engine increases the rotational speed of a pump to increase the flow rate of a coolant...
Heat-source system and method for controlling the same
A heat-source system includes centrifugal-chillers, cooling-water pumps, cooling towers, cooling-tower fans, chilled-water pumps, and a control unit for...
Electronically heated selective catalytic reduction (SCR) device
An exhaust gas treatment system is provided having an internal combustion engine, an exhaust gas conduit, a passive selective catalyst reduction (SCR) device, a...
An object is to provide a diesel engine (2) capable of reliably preventing an excessive rise in temperature inside a particulate filter (10) and capable of...
Preventing catalyst damage during misfire event
A control system includes a temperature determination module and a catalyst protection module. The temperature determination module determines a temperature of...
Facility maintenance and management system
Embodiments of the present invention provide apparatuses and methods for that provide for a central command and control center that controls, monitors, and...
Control device for vehicle
A motor generator is connected to a high voltage battery through an inverter. A voltage of the high voltage battery is decreased and is applied to a low voltage...
Method for controlling a clutch unit
A method for controlling a clutch unit for a drive train of a motor vehicle wherein the temperature in the friction clutch is ascertained and a characteristic...
Temperature controller having phase control and zero-cross cycle control
The present invention relates to a temperature controller having phase control and zero-cross cycle control function that can be achieved at a low cost by...
Pressure-sensitive external charger for an implantable medical device
An improved external charger for an implantable medical device is disclosed in which charging is at least partially controlled based on a sensed pressure...
Techniques for controlling charging of batteries in an external charger
and an implantable medical device
Disclosed are charging algorithms implementable in an external charger for controlling the charging of both an external battery in the external charger and an...
Fixing device and image forming apparatus with the same
A fixing device is provided with a fixing unit for fixing a toner image; a magnetic flux generator including a switching element for generating a magnetic flux;...
Method and apparatus for fusing a heat curable toner to a carrier sheet
A method and apparatus for fusing a heat curable toner to a carrier sheet having said toner thereon. In the method, the toner is sandwiched between said carrier...
Apparatus and method for determining a read level of a flash memory after
an inactive period of time
Disclosed is an apparatus and method for determining a dwell time in a non-volatile memory circuit after a shutdown of the memory circuit. A voltage shift is...
Nonvolatile memory device, programming method thereof and memory system
including the same
A nonvolatile memory device preventing a program disturb, a program method thereof and a memory system including the nonvolatile memory device and the program...
Temperature controlled voltage conversion device
A switching frequency setting unit sets switching frequency of a switching element, based on both the temperature of a cooling medium which cools a DC-DC...
Power supply controller
If a power supply path is in an abnormal state, a power-supply-path protection circuit of a power supply controller inhibits a switching circuit that switches...
Magnetic domain control for an embedded contact sensor for a magnetic
A head for magnetic data recording that includes an embedded contact sensor. The embedded contact sensor detects head disk contact by detecting changes in...
Thermally switched optical filter incorporating a refractive optical
A thermochromic, thermotropic, or thermoreflective filter relies on a mismatch between the index of refraction of a thermotropic material (e.g., a liquid...
Image pickup apparatus and control method therefor
The image pickup apparatus includes a finder optical system, a measuring part performing measurement relating to an object field image, a liquid crystal display...
Light sensing circuit, backlight control apparatus having the same, and
liquid crystal display device having...
A light sensing circuit capable of enhancing a reliability by lowering a dependency on a temperature change without using a resistor, a backlight control...
Battery system and automobile
Disclosed is a battery system wherein safety of a lithium secondary battery can be enhanced by efficiently deactivating (inactivating) lithium metal deposited...
Spectral shift control for dimmable AC LED lighting
Apparatus and associated methods involve operation of an LED light engine in which a relative intensities of selected wavelengths shift as a function of...
Air-floating carrier type wind power collection device
An air-floating carrier type wind power collection device includes a pair of ailerons provided on each of front, middle, and rear sections of a floating body....
Calibration of temperature sensitive circuits with heater elements
One or more heating elements are disposed on a semiconductor substrate proximate a temperature sensitive circuit disposed on the substrate (e.g., bandgap...
Adaptive temperature controller
The adaptive temperature controller includes a device for measuring resistance, an electrically-conductive material, a power supply, and a device for...
Temperature control for cooking appliance including combination heating
A combination cooking appliance controls a radiant heating element provided in an oven cavity and a convection heating element provided in an air plenum with a...
Solvent mixture for molecular weight control
A method of making a polymer, including: heating, for a sufficient time and temperature, to polymerize a homogenous mixture including of at least one...
Thin film forming method, thin film forming apparatus, and program
A control unit heats a reaction pipe to a load temperature by controlling a temperature-raising heater 16, and then makes semiconductor wafers received in the...
Adjusting substrate temperature to improve CD uniformity
A plasma etching system having a substrate support assembly with multiple independently controllable heater zones. The plasma etching system is configured to...
A silicon wafer which has DZ layers formed on both sides thereof by heat treatment in an atmosphere of reducing gas (such as hydrogen) or rare gas (such as...
High-pressure fluid supply apparatus
A high-pressure fluid supply apparatus that avoids gas leakage due to a reduction in the performance of a seal member provided inside piping is provided. A...
Method of alloying various grades of steel with manganese oxides
A method of alloying an iron majority compound with an oxide is provided. The method may include: heating the iron majority compound to a molten state; adding...
Medical device having a bimaterial valve
Medical devices using fluid or cooling fluids having one or more bimaterial valves positioned at each point of flow control to control the flow of a fluid in...