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Lithographic apparatus and method
A lithographic apparatus of the immersion type is disclosed. In the apparatus, a plurality of heating and/or cooling devices are provided in the vicinity of the...
Print media characterization
A method is provided for detecting the type of print media provided to a thermal printer. A printer has a heat source disposed adjacent a temperature sensor to...
Charge control circuit and charge controlling semiconductor integrated
A charge control circuit equipped with a function of controlling a charging current to be supplied to a secondary battery, comprises: a detecting unit for...
Thermal foldback control for a light-emitting diode
By monitoring the temperature of an LED and the temperature of a controller chip for the LED, a thermal foldback control is employed to gradually decrease the...
Control system and method for high density universal holding cabinet
A load control system and method of time multiplexing power to a plurality of holding shelves in a food holding cabinet to allow total cabinet power to be...
Temperature controlled substrate holder having erosion resistant
insulating layer for a substrate processing system
A substrate holder for supporting a substrate in a processing system includes a temperature controlled support base having a first temperature, a substrate...
Urea-urethane gellant compositions with controlled molecular weight and
methods of preparation
Urea-urethane gellant compositions and methods of preparing the urea-urethane gellant compositions. The method includes adding an isocyanate, an alcohol or a...
Substrate processing apparatus , method of manufacturing semiconductor
device, and method of manufacturing...
There are provided a substrate processing apparatus, a method of manufacturing a semiconductor device, and a method of manufacturing a substrate, for growing a...
Techniques for temperature-controlled ion implantation
Techniques for temperature-controlled ion implantation are disclosed. In one particular exemplary embodiment, the techniques may be realized as an apparatus for...
Method of stabilizing constant-temperature path
Provided is an automatic analysis apparatus which can obtain stable analysis results by stabilizing a constant-temperature bath and the temperature of a...
Reaction chip, reaction method, temperature controlling unit for gene
treating apparatus and gene treating...
The reaction chip of the present invention has a plurality of recesses 6 constituting a part of a reaction container and a groove constituting a part of a...
Fuel-cell-based cogeneration system with radio frequency identification
The present invention discloses a fuel-cell-based cogeneration system with radio frequency identification (RFID) sensors. The fuel-cell-based cogeneration...
Fuel cell system and control method of fuel cell system
A fuel cell system is provided which estimates a water content in a fuel cell based on a predetermined map using an integrated value of electric current...
Thermal expansion control employing platelet fillers
Bilayer platelet fillers are employed to compensate for a positive coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) of an embedding polymeric material, or even to provide...
Sensor instrument system including method for detecting analytes in fluids
A sensor instrument system for detecting and identifying analytes in fluids of a region contains a local sensor instrument and remote central station. The...
Liquid product pressure treatment method and device
A method and device related to a liquid product pressure and (optionally) temperature treatment method reduces the level of microorganisms in the liquid product...
Film adhesive for semiconductor vacuum processing apparatus
A bonded assembly to reduce particle contamination in a semiconductor vacuum chamber such as a plasma processing apparatus is provided, including an elastomeric...
Temperature controlled hot edge ring assembly
A temperature-controlled hot edge ring assembly adapted to surround a semiconductor substrate supported in a plasma reaction chamber is provided. A substrate...
System and method for flue gas conditioning
A system for enhancing the efficiency of an electrostatic precipitator in a flue gas stream that withdraws a selected amount of combustion gas from a main flue...
Ablation electrode assembly and methods for improved control of
The present invention pertains to multiple piece irrigated ablation electrode assemblies wherein the irrigation channels are insulated or separated from at...
Elevator load bearing member having a jacket with at least one rough
An elevator load bearing member assembly includes at least one roughened surface (46) on a polyurethane jacket (44). In one example, mechanical roughening is...
Variable-speed scroll-type refrigeration compressor
The compressor includes a sealed housing defining a suction volume and a compression volume respectively provided on either side of a body contained in the...
Pump assembly and fluid metering unit
Apparatus for a pump assembly and a fluid metering unit. The pump assembly can include a diaphragm with a portion of a body being molded over a portion of each...
Thermal barrier liner for containers
A thermal barrier liner maintains a beverage within a container at a desired temperature. The liner may include a closed cell substrate, a base layer having gas...
Fluid control device with fluid temperature display
A fluid control device connected to a water pipe and having a mini water turbine and electrical generator combination for generating electricity by taking...
Test bench having temperature-controlled cooling blower
A test bench encompasses a load device and a blower device for cooling the load device. With the help of one or more temperature sensors, it is possible to...
Process and plant for the treatment of the glass sheets of an asymmetric
The glass sheets (2) of an asymmetric glass-sheet pair, which is intended for the production of laminated glass, are preheated in a preheating furnace (1) and...
Fast cool down cryogenic refrigerator
A refrigeration system for minimizing the cool down time of a mass to cryogenic temperatures including a compressor, an expander, a gas storage tank,...
Systems and methods for use in freezing, thawing, and storing
A system for use in freezing, thawing, transporting or storing biopharmaceutical materials which includes a container, a holder and plurality of heat transfer...
System and method of cooling turbines
A method of cooling a turbine having internal moving components to a predetermined temperature is disclosed. The method comprises taking the turbine offline....
Control of a shape memory alloy actuation arrangement
An SMA actuation apparatus comprises: an SMA actuator arranged to drive movement of a movable element; a current supply supplying a drive current; a detection...
Exhaust gas purification system for internal combustion engine
In an exhaust gas purification system for an internal combustion engine, a NO.sub.x selective reduction catalyst for reducing NO.sub.x with ammonia that is...
Control method of internal combustion engine
The invention provides a method for preferably controlling an internal combustion engine by precisely estimating a current value of a temperature of an exhaust...
Refrigerator and control method for the same
A refrigerator and a control method for the same are disclosed. Precise temperature control for plural cooling compartments can be achieved so that the cooling...
Method and system for detecting epileptogenesis
Neuronal excitation and inhibition of the brain is tracked in the hippocampal CA1 network during a latent period, wherein biomarkers are observed which include...
System and method for providing open loop transmit power control
This disclosure is directed to systems and methods that provide control of transmitted signal power that do not require the use of an external power detector....
Apparatus and method for compensating Tx gain in wireless communication
An apparatus and a method for compensating for a Transmission (Tx) gain in a transmitter of a wireless communication system are provided. The apparatus includes...
Heat treatment apparatus heating substrate by irradiation with light
A capacitor, a coil, a flash lamp, and a switching element such as an IGBT are connected in series. A controller outputs a pulse signal to the gate of the...
An imaging apparatus includes a setting unit and a display controller configured to control the display unit. A plurality of recording modes include a first...
Semiconductor integrated circuit
A temperature sensing circuit activates a sensing signal when sensing that a temperature inside a semiconductor integrated circuit is lower than a predetermined...
Shape memory alloy actuation apparatus
A miniature camera lens actuation apparatus comprises a support structure, a camera lens element supported on the support structure by a suspension system; and...
Oven controlled crystal oscillator
An oven controlled crystal oscillator includes a thermostatic bath, an inner circuit board, an outer circuit board, a heating element, and a temperature sensor....
Semiconductor device and method of forming same for temperature
compensating active resistance
In an embodiment a circuit provides an active resistance that is adjusted with temperature, the active resistance has a magnitude and temperature coefficient...
Circuit arrangement with temperature compensation
A circuit arrangement having at least one analog switch, which is operated by a supply voltage and which comprises a switching signal contact and a pair of...
A PLL circuit which can obtain a VCO output having satisfactory spurious output characteristics with respect to all channels and which can suppress the...
High current emitter drive unit cell
A unit cell for a Read-In Integrated Circuit employs a signal sampling circuit with a voltage input controlled by a first switch, a capacitor charged by the...
LED controller with compensation for die-to-die variation and temperature
A system including a calibration module, a selection module, and a control module. The calibration module is configured to generate calibration data for a...
System and method for detecting at least one contamination species in a
A system for detecting at least one contamination species in an interior space of a lithographic apparatus, including: at least one monitoring surface...
Thermoelectric power generator with intermediate loop
A thermoelectric power generator is disclosed for use to generate electrical power from heat, typically waste heat. An intermediate heat transfer loop forms a...
Method for producing charge control agent and toner
The invention discloses a method for producing a charge control agent and a toner containing the charge control agent. The preparation method includes the...