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Thermal control apparatus and methodology
Various embodiments of a thermal control methodology and apparatus are disclosed. In one embodiment, an integrated circuit includes one or more thermal sensors,...
Temperature-compensated reference voltage system with very low power
consumption based on an SCM structure with...
A simple SCM (Self Cascode MOSFET) structure to generate a sub-1V reference voltage in the SCM intermediate node. The structure requires only 2 transistors to...
Method and device for controlling furnace temperature of burning heating
A method for controlling furnace temperature of a fired heating furnace is disclosed, comprising: measuring furnace temperatures to obtain furnace temperature...
Image forming apparatus with improved image quality
An image forming apparatus is provided with: a controller capable of changing a developing bias, which is to be applied to a developing roller configured to...
Exposure apparatus and method of manufacturing device
An exposure apparatus which includes a projection optical system and exposes a substrate to radiant energy via the projection optical system, includes a...
Lithographic apparatus and device manufacturing method
An immersion lithography apparatus comprises a temperature controller configured to adjust a temperature of a projection system, a substrate and a liquid...
Backlight modules, liquid crystal devices, and OLED display devices
A backlight module including a back plate and a heating device is disclosed. The back plate includes a passive layer and an active layer adhered below the...
System and method for controlling the focus of a lens
In one aspect, a system for controlling the focus of a lens is disclosed. The system may generally include a sensor configured to detect changes in a focal...
Microfluidic devices and methods
Embodiments of the present invention provide improved microfluidic devices and related apparatus, systems, and methods. Methods are provided for reducing mixing...
Method and system of internal temperatures determination in a synchronous
electrical machine using state observers
The invention relates to a method of determining internal temperatures (2) (coil and magnet temperatures) in a synchronous electrical machine (4) using state...
Small area high performance cell-based thermal diode
A thermal sensing system includes a circuit having a layout including standard cells arranged in rows and columns. First and second current sources provide...
Air flow measuring device
A thermal-type air flow measuring device includes a heat generation heater and a sensor circuit. The heat generation heater is configured to heat a part of...
A controller (26) of a surveying instrument including a GPS receiver (28) and a transmitter and receiver section (24) for communicating with a prism device...
Baffle controlled oscillating flow freezer
A method for reducing a temperature of a product in a freezer includes providing a product to a chamber of the freezer; dividing a portion of the chamber...
Method of regulating the temperature of an element cooled by a
cryorefrigerator with periodic operation
The invention relates to a method of regulating the temperature of an element cooled by a cryorefrigerator with periodic operation, characterized in that it...
Removable oven for grill
A removable oven for use on a cooking grill including a cooking chamber formed in a high temperature housing with an open bottom. The open bottom of the high...
High temperature seals for use in rotary valves
High temperature seals for use in rotary valves are described herein. An example seal for use with a rotary valve includes a primary seal to engage a flow...
Control of locking differential
A locking differential includes a dog clutch configured to selectively couple a carrier to an axle shaft in response to magnetic forces generated by electrical...
Temperature compensated torque limiting valve
A flow limiting and temperature compensated orifice assembly includes a valve body having an orifice and a plurality of exterior bypass channels or openings....
System for fuel injection control in an internal combustion engine
A system for fuel injection control in internal combustion engine is provided. Fuel is injected during exhaust stroke from a fuel injector for port injection...
Bypass exhaust pathway to allow gases to bypass the start catalyst of a
A system for improving the fuel economy of a vehicle includes an engine configured to produce an initial exhaust gas, a first exhaust pipe connected to the...
Apparatus and method for dryer performance optimization system
A dryer performance optimization system comprising a dryer having an inner wall and being adapted to rotate at variable speeds and a variable frequency drive...
Laundry machine and controlling method of the same
The present invention relates to a laundry machine and a controlling method, which can remove allergens on the laundry. A controlling method of a laundry...
Film formation method using oscillators for measurement and calibration
during calibration step performed...
A film formation method controls with accuracy the thickness of a thin film formed on a film formation object. The film formation method includes a film...
Bioreactor outlet air conditioning systems and associated methods
A bioreactor outlet air conditioning system (10) has a bioreactor vessel (100) and a heat exchanger. The heat exchanger has a fluid flow path (196) from a...
System for cooling vehicle-mounted power control device and method for
A system for cooling a power control device of a hybrid vehicle includes a cooling device for cooling a power control device, an electronic control device for...
Hybrid electric vehicle control device
When a vehicle is to be started solely by a motor immediately after an engine is started or the shift position has been changed from N range to D range, a delay...
Control device for hybrid vehicle
Control device of hybrid vehicle including an engine connected via a clutch to power transmission path and a rotator acting at least as an electric motor,...
Method for placing an oven for heat-treating preforms on standby
A method for placing an oven (12) for heat-treating preforms (13) into standby, including: a device (16) for conveying the preforms (13); at least one heating...
Enclosed-channel reactor system and method to manufacture catalysts or
The present invention provides methods and designs of enclosed-channel reactor system for manufacturing catalysts or supports. Both of the configuration designs...
Air pollution control system and method
SO.sub.x removal equipment 15 which reduces sulfur oxides from flue gas 12 from a boiler 11, a cooler 16 which is provided on the downstream side of the...
A steam sterilizer includes a sterilization tank configured to house an object to be sterilized and perform sterilization on the object to be sterilized by...
Patient support systems and methods for transferring patients and
controlling patient temperature
Patient support systems and methods for transferring patients and controlling patient temperature. The system can include a non-inflatable and self-supporting...
Digital controller for surgical handpiece
The present disclosure generally pertains to a digital controller for surgical handpieces. The controller is programmable and configurable by software which may...
Endoscope apparatus which can detect temperature of distal end portion
An endoscope apparatus includes an objective optical system that is provided at a distal end portion of an insertion portion of an endoscope which can be...
System for processing primary food product waste into secondary food
A system for producing secondary food product from primary food product waste is disclosed that comprises several modular subsections: a staging subsystem, a...
Container data center and heat dissipation system
A heat dissipation system for cabinet servers supported on a raised floor includes a condenser, airflow adjusting apparatus, a controller, and a temperature...
Plasma torch having an externally adjustable anode and cathode
A plasma torch is provided and adapted to generate very high operating temperatures to gasify various types of materials, such as biomass materials and various...
Spectral shift control for dimmable AC LED lighting
Apparatus and associated methods involve operation of an LED light engine in which a relative intensities of selected wavelengths shift as a function of...
Heating control unit comprising a sensor, ice protection system and method
for controlling a heater
A heating control unit, including a controller housing is provided. The heating control unit includes a microcontroller arranged within the controller housing,...
Systems and methods for reducing temperature in an optical signal source
co-packaged with a driver
Systems and methods for reducing temperature of an optical signal source co-packaged with a driver are provided. An optical transmitter can include a housing....
System and method using temperature tracking for a controlled oscillator
A system using temperature tracking for a controlled oscillator (CO) is provided. The system includes at least one coarse tuning capacitor circuit including a...
Voltage adjustment system with variable resistance connected to the
A voltage adjustment system includes an adjust module, a control module, and a load module. The adjust module includes a voltage converting unit which includes...
Systems and methods for multi-state power management
The present disclosure is directed to a solution providing multi-state power management. In some aspects, the design of the multi-state power management system...
Method and apparatus for controlling abnormal condition in wireless power
A method for controlling an abnormal state of a wireless Power Receiving Unit (PRU) is provided. The method includes measuring a temperature by a period shorter...
Protection circuit, circuit protection method using the same and display
A protection circuit includes: a temperature measuring unit which compares a voltage corresponding to a temperature at each of a plurality of sense points with...
Active cathode temperature control for metal-air batteries
A metal-air battery is disclosed, including a cathode temperature controller that identifies a power-boosted operating temperature at which a projected power...
Temperature control method and battery system
A temperature control method and a battery system create an optimal temperature range for operating a battery. The battery cells of the battery lie in several...
Multi-position batch load lock apparatus and systems and methods including
Various embodiments of batch load lock apparatus are disclosed. The batch load lock apparatus includes a load lock body including first and second load lock...
High throughput heated ion implantation system and method
An ion implantation system has an ion implantation apparatus coupled to first and second dual load lock assemblies, each having a respective first and second...