Easy To Use Patents Search & Patent Lawyer Directory

At Patents you can conduct a Patent Search, File a Patent Application, find a Patent Attorney, or search available technology through our Patent Exchange. Patents are available using simple keyword or date criteria. If you are looking to hire a patent attorney, you've come to the right place. Protect your idea and hire a patent lawyer.


Search All Patents:



  This Patent May Be For Sale or Lease. Contact Us

  Is This Your Patent? Claim This Patent Now.



Register or Login To Download This Patent As A PDF




United States Patent Application 20160227772
Kind Code A1
GEWEHR; Markus ;   et al. August 11, 2016

AGRICULTURAL MIXTURES COMPRISING CARBOXAMIDE COMPOUND

Abstract

The present invention relates to agricultural mixtures comprising as active compound I a pesticidal active carboxamide and at least one fungicidal active compound II selected from azoles, strobilurins, carboxamides, carbamates, heterocyclic and various other compounds as defined in the description, in synergistically effective amounts. The invention relates further to methods and use of these mixtures for combating insects, arachnids or nematodes and harmful fungis in and on plants, and for protecting such plants being infested with pests, especially also for protecting seeds.


Inventors: GEWEHR; Markus; (Hemsbach, DE) ; SIKULJAK; Tatjana; (Mannheim, DE)
Applicant:
Name City State Country Type

BASF AGRO B.V.

EA Arnheim

NL
Family ID: 1000001873215
Appl. No.: 15/029908
Filed: October 16, 2014
PCT Filed: October 16, 2014
PCT NO: PCT/EP2014/072189
371 Date: April 15, 2016


Related U.S. Patent Documents

Application NumberFiling DatePatent Number
61906440Nov 20, 2013
61892511Oct 18, 2013

Current U.S. Class: 1/1
Current CPC Class: A01N 37/22 20130101; A01N 47/24 20130101; A01N 43/50 20130101; A01N 43/56 20130101; A01N 55/00 20130101; A01N 37/30 20130101; A01N 37/34 20130101; A01N 59/26 20130101; A01N 43/88 20130101; A01N 43/653 20130101; A01N 59/02 20130101
International Class: A01N 37/22 20060101 A01N037/22; A01N 43/50 20060101 A01N043/50; A01N 43/56 20060101 A01N043/56; A01N 55/00 20060101 A01N055/00; A01N 37/30 20060101 A01N037/30; A01N 37/34 20060101 A01N037/34; A01N 59/26 20060101 A01N059/26; A01N 43/88 20060101 A01N043/88; A01N 43/653 20060101 A01N043/653; A01N 47/24 20060101 A01N047/24; A01N 59/02 20060101 A01N059/02

Claims



1.-36. (canceled)

37. Agricultural mixtures comprising as active compounds 1) one pesticidal active carboxamide compound I of formula (I): ##STR00002## or an tautomer, enantiomer, diastereomer or salt thereof, and 2) at least one fungicidal active compound II selected from group F consisting of F.I) Respiration inhibitors F.I 1) Inhibitors of complex III at Q.sub.o site (e.g. strobilurins): azoxystrobin, coumethoxystrobin, coumoxystrobin, dimoxystrobin, enestroburin, fenaminstrobin, fenoxystrobin/flufenoxystrobin, fluoxastrobin, kresoxim-methyl, mandestrobine, metominostrobin, orysastrobin, picoxystrobin, pyraclostrobin, pyrametostrobin, pyraoxystrobin, trifloxystrobin and 2-(2-(3-(2,6-dichlorophenyl)-1-methyl-allylideneaminooxymethyl)-phenyl)-2- -methoxyimino-N-methyl-acetamide, pyribencarb, triclopyricarb/chlorodincarb, famoxadone, fenamidone; F.I 2) inhibitors of complex III at Q.sub.i site: cyazofamid, amisulbrom, [(3S,6S,7R,8R)-8-benzyl-3-[(3-acetoxy-4-methoxy-pyridine-2-carbonyl)amino- ]-6-methyl-4,9-dioxo-1,5-dioxonan-7-yl]2-methylpropanoate, [(3S,6S,7R,8R)-8-benzyl-3-[[3-(acetoxymethoxy)-4-methoxy-pyridine-2-carbo- nyl]amino]-6-methyl-4,9-di oxo-1,5-dioxonan-7-yl]2-methylpropanoate, [(3S,6S,7R,8R)-8-benzyl-3-[(3-isobutoxy carbonyloxy-4-methoxy-pyridine-2-carbonyl)amino]-6-methyl-4,9-di oxo-1,5-dioxonan-7-yl]2-methylpropanoate, [(3S,6S,7R,8R)-8-benzyl-3-[[3-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-ylmethoxy)-4-methoxy-pyr- idine-2-carbonyl]amino]-6-methyl-4,9-di oxo-1,5-dioxonan-7-yl]2-methylpropanoate; (3 S,6S,7R,8R)-3-[[(3-hydroxy-4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)carbonyl]amino]-6-methyl- -4,9-di oxo-8-(phenylmethyl)-1,5-dioxonan-7-yl 2-methylpropanoate; F.I 3) inhibitors of complex II (e. g. carboxamides): benodanil, benzovindiflupyr, bixafen, boscalid, carboxin, fenfuram, fluopyram, flutolanil, fluxapyroxad, furametpyr, isofetamid, isopyrazam, mepronil, oxycarboxin, penflufen, penthiopyrad, sedaxane, tecloftalam, thifluzamide, N-(4'-trifluoromethylthiobiphenyl-2-yl)-3-difluoromethyl-1-methyl-1H-pyra- zole-4-carboxamide, N-(2-(1,3,3-trimethyl-butyl)-phenyl)-1,3-dimethyl-5-fluoro-1H-pyrazole-4-- carboxamide, 3-(difluoromethyl)-1-methyl-N-(1,1,3-trimethylindan-4-yl)pyrazole-4-carbo- xamide, 3-(trifluoromethyl)-1-methyl-N-(1,1,3-trimethylindan-4-yl)pyrazole- -4-carboxamide, 1,3-dimethyl-N-(1,1,3-trimethylindan-4-yl)pyrazole-4-carboxamide, 3-(trifluoromethyl)-1,5-dimethyl-N-(1,1,3-trimethylindan-4-yl)-pyrazole-4- -carboxamide, 1,3,5-trimethyl-N-(1,1,3-trimethylindan-4-yl)pyrazole-4-carboxamide, N-(7-fluoro-1,1,3-trimethyl-indan-4-yl)-1,3-dimethyl-pyrazole-4-carboxami- de, N-[2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-2-methoxy-1-methyl-ethyl]-3-(difluoromethyl)- -1-methyl-pyrazole-4-carboxamide, N-[2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)phenyl]-3-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazine-2-carboxamid- e; F.I 4) other respiration inhibitors (e.g. complex I, uncouplers): diflumetorim, (5,8-difluoroquinazolin-4-yl)-{2-[2-fluoro-4-(4-trifluoromethylpyridin-2-- yloxy)-phenyl]-ethyl}-amine; nitrophenyl derivates: binapacryl, dinobuton, dinocap, fluazinam; ferimzone; organometal compounds: fentin salts, such as fentin-acetate, fentin chloride or fentin hydroxide; ametoctradin; and silthiofam; F.II) Sterol biosynthesis inhibitors (SBI fungicides) F.II 1) C14 demethylase inhibitors (DMI fungicides): triazoles: azaconazole, bitertanol, bromuconazole, cyproconazole, difenoconazole, diniconazole, diniconazole-M, epoxiconazole, fenbuconazole, fluquinconazole, flusilazole, flutriafol, hexaconazole, imibenconazole, ipconazole, metconazole, myclobutanil, oxpoconazole, paclobutrazole, penconazole, propiconazole, prothioconazole, simeconazole, tebuconazole, tetraconazole, triadimefon, triadimenol, triticonazole, uniconazole, 1-[rel-(2S;3R)-3-(2-chlorophenyl)-2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-oxiranylmethyl]-- 5-thiocyanato-1H-[1,2,4]triazole, 2-[rel-(2S;3R)-3-(2-chlorophenyl)-2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-oxiranylmethyl]-- 2H-[1,2,4]triazole-3-thiol, 2-[2-chloro-4-(4-chlorophenoxy)phenyl]-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)pentan-2-ol, 1-[4-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1-cyclopropyl-2-(1,2,4-- triazol-1-yl)ethanol, 2-[4-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)b- utan-2-ol, 2-[2-chloro-4-(4-chlorophenoxy)phenyl]-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)bu- tan-2-ol, 2-[4-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-3-methyl-1-(1,- 2,4-triazol-1-yl)butan-2-ol, 2-[4-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)p- ropan-2-ol, 2-[2-chloro-4-(4-chlorophenoxy)phenyl]-3-methyl-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)but- an-2-ol, 2-[4-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1-(1,2,4-triazo- l-1-yl)pentan-2-ol, 2-[4-(4-fluorophenoxy)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)p- ropan-2-ol; imidazoles: imazalil, pefurazoate, prochloraz, triflumizol; pyrimidines, pyridines and piperazines: fenarimol, nuarimol, pyrifenox, triforine, [3-(4-chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-5-(2,4-difluorophenyl)isoxazol-4-yl]-(3-pyr- idyl)methanol; F.II 2) Delta14-reductase inhibitors: aldimorph, dodemorph, dodemorph-acetate, fenpropimorph, tridemorph, fenpropidin, piperalin, spiroxamine; F.II 3) Inhibitors of 3-keto reductase: fenhexamid; F.III) Nucleic acid synthesis inhibitors F.III 1) phenylamides or acyl amino acid fungicides: benalaxyl, benalaxyl-M, kiralaxyl, metalaxyl, metalaxyl-M (mefenoxam), ofurace, oxadixyl; F.III 2) others: hymexazole, octhilinone, oxolinic acid, bupirimate, 5-fluorocytosine, 5-fluoro-2-(p-tolylmethoxy)pyrimidin-4-amine, 5-fluoro-2-(4-fluorophenylmethoxy)pyrimidin-4-amine; F.IV) Inhibitors of cell division and cytoskeleton F.IV 1) tubulin inhibitors, such as benzimidazoles, thiophanates: benomyl, carbendazim, fuberidazole, thiabendazole, thiophanate-methyl; triazolopyrimidines: 5-chloro-7-(4-methylpiperidin-1-yl)-6-(2,4,6-trifluorophenyl)-[1,2,4]tria- zolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine; F.IV 2) other cell division inhibitors: diethofencarb, ethaboxam, pencycuron, fluopicolide, zoxamide, metrafenone, pyriofenone; F.V) Inhibitors of amino acid and protein synthesis F.V 1) methionine synthesis inhibitors (anilino-pyrimidines): cyprodinil, mepanipyrim, pyrimethanil; F.V 2) protein synthesis inhibitors: blasticidin-S, kasugamycin, kasugamycin hydrochloride-hydrate, mildiomycin, streptomycin, oxytetracyclin, poly oxine, validamycin A; F.VI) Signal transduction inhibitors F.VI 1) MAP/histidine kinase inhibitors: fluoroimid, iprodione, procymidone, vinclozolin, fenpiclonil, fludioxonil; F.VI 2) G protein inhibitors: quinoxyfen; F.VII) Lipid and membrane synthesis inhibitors F.VII 1) Phospholipid biosynthesis inhibitors: edifenphos, iprobenfos, pyrazophos, isoprothiolane; F.VII 2) lipid peroxidation: dicloran, quintozene, tecnazene, tolclofos-methyl, biphenyl, chloroneb, etridiazole; F.VII 3) phospholipid biosynthesis and cell wall deposition: dimethomorph, flumorph, mandipropamid, pyrimorph, benthiavalicarb, iprovalicarb, valifenalate and N-(1-(1-(4-cyano-phenypethanesulfonyl)-but-2-yl) carbamic acid-(4-fluorophenyl) ester; F.VII 4) compounds affecting cell membrane permeability and fatty acides: propamocarb, propamocarb-hydrochlorid; F.VII 5) fatty acid amide hydrolase inhibitors: oxathiapiprolin; F.VIII) Inhibitors with Multi Site Action F.VIII 1) inorganic active substances: Bordeaux mixture, copper acetate, copper hydroxide, copper oxychloride, basic copper sulfate, sulfur; F.VIII 2) thio- and dithiocarbamates: ferbam, mancozeb, maneb, metam, metiram, propineb, thiram, zineb, ziram; F.VIII 3) organochlorine compounds (e.g. phthalimides, sulfamides, chloronitriles): anilazine, chlorothalonil, captafol, captan, folpet, dichlofluanid, dichlorophen, hexachlorobenzene, pentachlorphenole and its salts, phthalide, tolylfluanid, N-(4-chloro-2-nitro-phenyl)-N-ethyl-4-methyl-benzenesulfonamide; F.VIII 4) guanidines and others: guanidine, dodine, dodine free base, guazatine, guazatine-acetate, iminoctadine, iminoctadine-triacetate, iminoctadine-tris(albesilate), dithianon, 2,6-dimethyl-1H,5H[1,4]dithiino[2,3-c:5,6-c]dipyrrole-1,3,5,7(2H,6H)-tetr- aone; F.IX) Cell wall synthesis inhibitors F.IX 1) inhibitors of glucan synthesis: validamycin, polyoxin B; F.IX 2) melanin synthesis inhibitors: pyroquilon, tricyclazole, carpropamid, dicyclomet, fenoxanil; F.X) Plant defence inducers F.X 1) acibenzolar-S-methyl, probenazole, isotianil, tiadinil, prohexadione-calcium; F.X 2) phosphonates: fosetyl, fosetyl-aluminum, phosphorous acid and its salts, 4-cyclopropyl-N-(2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)thiadiazole-5-carboxamide; F.XI) Unknown mode of action bronopol, chinomethionat, cyflufenamid, cymoxanil, dazomet, debacarb, diclomezine, difenzoquat, difenzoquat-methylsulfate, diphenylamin, fenpyrazamine, flumetover, flusulfamide, flutianil, methasulfocarb, nitrapyrin, nitrothal-isopropyl, oxathiapiprolin, picarbutrazox, tolprocarb, 2-[3,5-bis(difluoromethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]-1-[4-(4-{5-[2-(prop-2-yn-1-yl- oxy)phenyl]-4,5-dihydro-1,2-oxazol-3-yl}-1,3 thiazol-2-yl)piperidin-1-yl]-ethanone, 2-[3,5-bis(difluoromethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]-1-[4-(4-{5-[2-fluoro-6-(prop-- 2-yn-1-yloxy)phenyl]-4,5-dihydro-1,2-oxazol-3-yl}-1,3-thiazol-2-yl)piperid- in-1-yl]-ethanone, 2-[3,5-bis(difluoromethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]-1-[4-(4-{5-[2-chloro-6-(prop-- 2-yn-1-yloxy)phenyl]-4,5-dihydro-1,2-oxazol-3-yl}-1,3-thiazol-2-yl)piperid- in-1-yl]ethanone, oxin-copper, proquinazid, tebufloquin, tecloftalam, triazoxide, 2-butoxy-6-iodo-3-propylchromen-4-one, N-(cyclopropylmethoxyimino-(6-difluoro-methoxy-2,3-difluoro-phenyl)-methy- l)-2-phenyl acetamide, N'-(4-(4-chloro-3-trifluoromethyl-phenoxy)-2,5-dimethyl-phenyl)-N-ethyl-N- -methyl formamidine, N'-(4-(4-fluoro-3-trifluoromethyl-phenoxy)-2,5-dimethyl-phenyl)-N-ethyl-N- -methyl formamidine, N'-(2-methyl-5-trifluoromethyl-4-(3-trimethylsilanyl-propoxy)-phenyl)-N-e- thyl-N-methyl formamidine, N'-(5-difluoromethyl-2-methyl-4-(3-trimethylsilanyl-propoxy)-phenyl)-N-et- hyl-N-methyl formamidine, methoxy-acetic acid 6-tert-butyl-8-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-quinolin-4-yl ester, 3-[5-(4-methylphenyl)-2,3-dimethyl-isoxazolidin-3-yl]-pyridine, 3-[5-(4-chloro-phenyl)-2,3-dimethyl-isoxazolidin-3-yl]-pyridine (pyrisoxazole), N-(6-methoxy-pyridin-3-yl) cyclopropanecarboxylic acid amide, 5-chloro-1-(4,6-dimethoxy-International pyrimidin-2-yl)-2-methyl-1H-benzoimidazole, 2-(4-chloro-phenyl)-N-[4-(3,4-dimethoxy-phenyl)-isoxazol-5-yl]-2-prop-2-y- nyloxy-acetamide, ethyl (Z)-3-amino-2-cyano-3-phenyl-prop-2-enoate, pentyl N-[6-[[(Z)-[(1-methyltetrazol-5-yl)-phenyl-methylene]amino]oxymethyl]-2-p- yridyl]carbamate, 2-[2-[(7,8-difluoro-2-methyl-3-quinolyl)oxy]-6-fluoro-phenyl]propan-2-ol, 2-[2-fluoro-6-[(8-fluoro-2-methyl-3-quinolyl)oxy]phenyl]propan-2-ol, 3-(5-fluoro-3,3,4,4-tetramethyl-3,4-dihydroisoquinolin-1-yl)quinoline, 3-(4,4-difluoro-3,3-dimethyl-3,4-dihydroisoquinolin-1-yl)-quinoline, 3-(4,4,5-trifluoro-3,3-dimethyl-3,4-dihydroisoquinolin-1-y 1)quinoline; F.XII) Biopesticides F.XII 1) Microbial pesticides with fungicidal, bactericidal, viricidal and/or plant defense activator activity: Ampelomyces quisqualis, Aspergillus flavus, Aureobasidium pullulans, Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, B. mojavensis, B. pumilus, B. simplex, B. solisalsi, B. subtilis, B. subtilis var. amyloliquefaciens, Candida oleophila, C. saitoana, Clavibacter michiganensis (bacteriophages), Coniothyrium minitans, Cryphonectria parasitica, Cryptococcus albidus, Dilophosphora alopecuri, Fusarium oxysporum, Clonostachys rosea f catenulate (also named Gliocladium catenulatum), Gliocladium roseum, Lysobacter antibioticus, L. enzymogenes, Metschnikowia fructicola, Microdochium dimerum, Microsphaeropsis ochracea, Muscodor albus, Paenibacillus polymyxa, Pantoea vagans, Phlebiopsis gigantea, Pseudomonas sp., Pseudomonas chloraphis, Pseudozyma flocculosa, Pichia anomala, Pythium oligandrum, Sphaerodes mycoparasitica, Streptomyces griseoviridis, S. lydicus, S. violaceusniger, Talaromyces flavus, Trichoderma asperellum, T. atroviride, T. fertile, T. gamsii, T. harmatum, T. harzianum; mixture of T. harzianum and T. viride; mixture of T. polysporum and T. harzianum; T. stromaticum, T. virens (also named Gliocladium virens), T. viride, Typhula phacorrhiza, Ulocladium oudemansii, Verticillium dahlia, zucchini yellow mosaic virus (avirulent strain); F.XII 2) Biochemical pesticides with fungicidal, bactericidal, viricidal and/or plant defense activator activity: chitosan (hydrolysate), harpin protein, laminarin, Menhaden fish oil, natamycin, Plum pox virus coat protein, potassium or sodium bicarbonate, Reynoutria sachlinensis extract, salicylic acid, tea tree oil; in synergistically effective amounts.

38. The agricultural mixture according to claim 37, wherein in the mixture comprises additionally at least one insecticidal active compound III selected from the group M consisting of the following groups M.1 to M.UN. to M.Y.: M.1 Acetylcholine esterase (AChE) inhibitors from the class of M.1A carbamates, for example aldicarb, alanycarb, bendiocarb, benfuracarb, butocarboxim, butoxycarboxim, carbaryl, carbofuran, carbosulfan, ethiofencarb, fenobucarb, formetanate, furathiocarb, isoprocarb, methiocarb, methomyl, metolcarb, oxamyl, pirimicarb, propoxur, thiodicarb, thiofanox, trimethacarb, XMC, xylylcarb and triazamate; or from the class of M.1B organophosphates, for example acephate, azamethiphos, azinphos-ethyl, azinphosmethyl, cadusafos, chlorethoxyfos, chlorfenvinphos, chlormephos, chlorpyrifos, chlorpyrifos-methyl, coumaphos, cyanophos, demeton-S-methyl, diazinon, dichlorvos/DDVP, dicrotophos, dimethoate, dimethylvinphos, disulfoton, EPN, ethion, ethoprophos, famphur, fenamiphos, fenitrothion, fenthion, fosthiazate, heptenophos, imicyafos, isofenphos, isopropyl O-(methoxyaminothio-phosphoryl) salicylate, isoxathion, malathion, mecarbam, methamidophos, methidathion, mevinphos, monocrotophos, naled, omethoate, oxydemeton-methyl, parathion, parathion-methyl, phenthoate, phorate, phosalone, phosmet, phosphamidon, phoxim, pirimiphos-methyl, profenofos, propetamphos, prothiofos, pyraclofos, pyridaphenthion, quinalphos, sulfotep, tebupirimfos, temephos, terbufos, tetrachlorvinphos, thiometon, triazophos, trichlorfon and vamidothion; M.2. GABA-gated chloride channel antagonists such as: M.2A cyclodiene organochlorine compounds, as for example endosulfan or chlordane; or M.2B fiproles (phenylpyrazoles), as for example ethiprole, fipronil, flufiprole, pyrafluprole and pyriprole; M.3 Sodium channel modulators from the class of M.3A pyrethroids, for example acrinathrin, allethrin, d-cis-trans allethrin, d-trans allethrin, bifenthrin, bioallethrin, bioallethrin S-cylclopentenyl, bioresmethrin, cycloprothrin, cyfluthrin, beta-cyfluthrin, cyhalothrin, lambda-cyhalothrin, gamma-cyhalothrin, cypermethrin, alpha-cypermethrin, beta-cypermethrin, theta-cypermethrin, zeta-cypermethrin, cyphenothrin, deltamethrin, empenthrin, esfenvalerate, etofenprox, fenpropathrin, fenvalerate, flucythrinate, flumethrin, tau-fluvalinate, halfenprox, heptafluthrin, imiprothrin, meperfluthrin, metofluthrin, momfluorothrin, permethrin, phenothrin, prallethrin, profluthrin, pyrethrin (pyrethrum), resmethrin, silafluofen, tefluthrin, tetramethylfluthrin, tetramethrin, tralomethrin and transfluthrin; or M.3B sodium channel modulators such as DDT or methoxychlor; M.4 Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonists (nAChR) from the class of M.4A neonicotinoids, for example acteamiprid, chlothianidin, cycloxaprid, dinotefuran, imidacloprid, nitenpyram, thiacloprid and thiamethoxam; or the compounds M.4A.2: (2E-)-1-[(6-Chloropyridin-3-yl)methyl]-N-nitro-2-pentylidenehydrazinecarb- oximidamide; or M4.A.3: 1-[(6-Chloropyridin-3-yl)methyl]-7-methyl-8-nitro-5-propoxy-1,2,3,5,6,7-h- exahydroimidazo[1,2-a]pyridine; or from the class M.4B nicotine; M.5 Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor allosteric activators from the class of spinosyns, for example spinosad or spinetoram; M.6 Chloride channel activators from the class of avermectins and milbemycins, for example abamectin, emamectin benzoate, ivermectin, lepimectin or milbemectin; M.7 Juvenile hormone mimics, such as M.7A juvenile hormone analogues as hydroprene, kinoprene and methoprene; or others as M.7B fenoxycarb or M.7C pyriproxyfen; M.8 miscellaneous non-specific (multi-site) inhibitors, for example M.8A alkyl halides as methyl bromide and other alkyl halides, or M.8B chloropicrin, or M.8C sulfuryl fluoride, or M.8D borax, or M.8E tartar emetic; M.9 Selective homopteran feeding blockers, for example M.9B pymetrozine, or M.9C flonicamid; M.10 Mite growth inhibitors, for example M.10A clofentezine, hexythiazox and diflovidazin, or M.10B etoxazole; M.11 Microbial disruptors of insect midgut membranes, for example bacillus thuringiensis or bacillus sphaericus and the insecticdal proteins they produce such as bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis, bacillus sphaericus, bacillus thuringiensis subsp. aizawai, bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki and bacillus thuringiensis subsp. tenebrionis, or the Bt crop proteins: Cry1Ab, Cry1Ac, Cry1Fa, Cry2Ab, mCry3A, Cry3Ab, Cry3Bb and Cry34/35Abl; M.12 Inhibitors of mitochondrial ATP synthase, for example M.12A diafenthiuron, or M.12B organotin miticides such as azocyclotin, cyhexatin or fenbutatin oxide, or M.12C propargite, or M.12D tetradifon; M.13 Uncouplers of oxidative phosphorylation via disruption of the proton gradient, for example chlorfenapyr, DNOC or sulfluramid; M.14 Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) channel blockers, for example nereistoxin analogues as bensultap, cartap hydrochloride, thiocyclam or thiosultap sodium; M.15 Inhibitors of the chitin biosynthesis type 0, such as benzoylureas as for example bistrifluron, chlorfluazuron, diflubenzuron, flucycloxuron, flufenoxuron, hexaflumuron, lufenuron, novaluron, noviflumuron, teflubenzuron or triflumuron; M.16 Inhibitors of the chitin biosynthesis type 1, as for example buprofezin; M.17 Moulting disruptors, Dipteran, as for example cyromazine; M.18 Ecdyson receptor agonists such as diacylhydrazines, for example methoxyfenozide, tebufenozide, halofenozide, fufenozide or chromafenozide; M.19 Octopamin receptor agonists, as for example amitraz; M.20 Mitochondrial complex III electron transport inhibitors, for example M.20A hydramethylnon, or M.20B acequinocyl, or M.20C fluacrypyrim; M.21 Mitochondrial complex I electron transport inhibitors, for example M.21A METI acaricides and insecticides such as fenazaquin, fenpyroximate, pyrimidifen, pyridaben, tebufenpyrad or tolfenpyrad, or M.21B rotenone; M.22 Voltage-dependent sodium channel blockers, for example M.22A indoxacarb, or M.22B metaflumizone, or M.22B.1: 2-[2-(4-Cyanophenyl)-1-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]ethylidene]-N-[4-(diflu- oromethoxy)phenyl]-hydrazinecarboxamide or M.22B.2: N-(3-Chloro-2-methylphenyl)-2-[(4-chlorophenyl)[4-[methyl(methylsulfonyl)- amino]phenyl]methylene]-hydrazinecarboxamide; M.23 Inhibitors of the of acetyl CoA carboxylase, such as Tetronic and Tetramic acid derivatives, for example spirodiclofen, spiromesifen or spirotetramat; M.24 Mitochondrial complex IV electron transport inhibitors, for example M.24A phosphine such as aluminium phosphide, calcium phosphide, phosphine or zinc phosphide, or M.24B cyanide; M.25 Mitochondrial complex II electron transport inhibitors, such as beta-ketonitrile derivatives, for example cyenopyrafen or cyflumetofen; M.28 Ryanodine receptor-modulators from the class of diamides, as for example flubendiamide, chlorantraniliprole (rynaxypyr.RTM.), cyantraniliprole (cyazypyr.RTM.), or the phthalamide compounds M.28.1: (R)-3-Chlor-N1-{2-methyl-4-[1,2,2,2-tetrafluor-1-(trifluormethyl)ethyl]ph- enyl}-N2-(1-methyl-2-methylsulfonylethyl)phthalamid and M.28.2: (S)-3-Chlor-N1-{2-methyl-4-[1,2,2,2-tetrafluor-1-(trifluormethyl)ethyl]ph- enyl}-N2-(1-methyl-2-methylsulfonylethyl)phthalamid, or the compound M.28.3: 3-bromo-N-{2-bromo-4-chloro-6-[(1-cyclopropylethyl)carbamoyl]phen- yl}-1-(3-chlorpyridin-2-yl)-1H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide (proposed ISO name: cyclaniliprole), or the compound M.28.4: methyl-2-[3,5-dibromo-2-({[3-bromo-1-(3-chlorpyridin-2-yl)-1H-pyrazol-5-y- l]carbonyl}amino)benzoyl]-1,2-dimethylhydrazinecarboxylate; or a compound selected from M.28.5a) to M.28.5l): M.28.5a) N-[4,6-dichloro-2-[(diethyl-lambda-4-sulfanylidene)carbamoyl]-phenyl]-2-(- 3-chloro-2-pyridyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazole-3-carboxamide; M.28.5b) N-[4-chloro-2-[(diethyl-lambda-4-sulfanylidene)carbamoyl]-6-methyl-phenyl- ]-2-(3-chloro-2-pyridyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazole-3-carboxamide; M.28.5c) N-[4-chloro-2-[(di-2-propyl-lambda-4-sulfanylidene)carbamoyl]-6-- methyl-phenyl]-2-(3-chloro-2-pyridyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazole-3- carboxamide; M.28.5d) N-[4,6-dichloro-2-[(di-2-propyl-lambda-4-sulfanylidene)carbamoyl]-phenyl]- -2-(3-chloro-2-pyridyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazole-3-carboxamide; M.28.5e) N-[4,6-dichloro-2-[(diethyl-lambda-4-sulfanylidene)carbamoyl]-ph- enyl]-2-(3-chloro-2-pyridyl)-5-(difluoromethyl)pyrazole-3-carboxamide; M.28.5f) N-[4,6-dibromo-2-[(di-2-propyl-lambda-4-sulfanylidene)carbamoyl]- -phenyl]-2-(3-chloro-2-pyridyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazole-3-carboxamide; M.28.5g) N-[4-chloro-2-[(di-2-propyl-lambda-4-sulfanylidene)carbamoyl]-6-- cyano-phenyl]-2-(3-chloro-2-pyridyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazole-3- carboxamide; M.28.5h) N-[4,6-dibromo-2-[(diethyl-lambda-4-sulfanylidene)carbamoyl]-phenyl]-2-(3- -chloro-2-pyridyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazole-3-carboxamide; M.28.5i) N-[2-(5-Amino-1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-yl)-4-chloro-6-methylphenyl]-3-bromo-1-(- 3-chloro-2-pyridinyl)-1H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide; M.28.5j) 3-Chloro-1-(3-chloro-2-pyridinyl)-N-[2,4-dichloro-6-[[(1-cyano-1-methylet- hyl)amino]carbonyl]phenyl]-1H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide; M.28.5k) 3-Bromo-N-[2,4-dichloro-6-(methylcarbamoyl)phenyl]-1-(3,5-dichloro-2-pyri- dyl)-1H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide; M.28.5l) N-[4-Chloro-2-[[(1,1-dimethylethyl)amino]carbonyl]-6-methylphenyl]-1-(3-c- hloro-2-pyridinyl)-3-(fluoromethoxy)-1H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide; or a compound selected from M.28.6: N-(2-cyanopropan-2-yl)-N-(2,4-dimethylphenyl)-3-iodobenzene-1,2-dicarboxa- mide; or M.28.7: 3-Chloro-N-(2-cyanopropan-2-yl)-N-(2,4-dimethylphenyl)-benzene-1,2-dicarb- oxamide; M.28.8a) 1-(3-Chloro-2-pyridinyl)-N-[4-cyano-2-methyl-6-[(methylamino)carbonyl]phe- nyl]-3-[[5-(trifluoromethyl)-2H-tetrazol-2-yl]methyl]-1H-pyrazole-5-carbox- amide; or M.28.8b) 1-(3-Chloro-2-pyridinyl)-N-[4-cyano-2-methyl-6-[(methylamino)carbonyl]phe- nyl]-3-[[5-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-tetrazol-1-yl]methyl]-1H-pyrazole-5-carbox- amide; M.UN. insecticidal active compounds of unknown or uncertain mode of action, as for example afidopyropen, afoxolaner, azadirachtin, amidoflumet, benzoximate, bifenazate, bromopropylate, chinomethionat, cryolite, dicofol, flufenerim, flometoquin, fluensulfone, fluopyram, flupyradifurone, fluralaner, metoxadiazone, piperonyl butoxide, pyflubumide, pyridalyl, pyrifluquinazon, sulfoxaflor, tioxazafen, triflumezopyrim, or the compounds M.UN.3: 11-(4-chloro-2,6-dimethylphenyl)-12-hydroxy-1,4-dioxa-9-azadispiro[4.2.4.- 2]-tetradec-11-en-10-one, or the compound M.UN.4: 3-(4'-fluoro-2,4-dimethylbiphenyl-3-yl)-4-hydroxy-8-oxa-1-azaspiro[4.5]de- c-3-en-2-one, or the compound M.UN.5: 1-[2-fluoro-4-methyl-5-[(2,2,2-trifluoroethyl)sulfinyl]phenyl]-3-(trifluo- romethyl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole-5-amine, or actives on basis of bacillus firmus (Votivo, I-1582); or a compound selected from the group of M.UN.6, wherein the compound is selected from M.UN.6a) to M.UN.6k): M.UN.6a) (E/Z)-N-[1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methyl]-2-pyridylidene]-2,2,2-trifluoro-a- cetamide; M.UN.6b) (E/Z)-N-[1-[(6-chloro-5-fluoro-3-pyridyl)methyl]-2-pyridylidene]-2,2,2-tr- ifluoro-acetamide; M.UN.6c) (E/Z)-2,2,2-trifluoro-N-[1-[(6-fluoro-3-pyridyl)methyl]-2-pyridylidene]ac- etamide; M.UN.6d) (E/Z)-N-[1-[(6-bromo-3-pyridyl)methyl]-2-pyridylidene]-2,2,2-trifluoro-ac- etamide; M.UN.6e) (E/Z)-N-[1-[1-(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)ethyl]-2-pyridylidene]-2,2,2-trifluoro-- acetamide; M.UN.6f) (E/Z)-N-[1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methyl]-2-pyridylidene]-2,2-difluoro-acet- amide; M.UN.6g) (E/Z)-2-chloro-N-[1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methyl]-2-pyridylidene]-2,2-difl- uoro-acetamide; M.UN.6h) (E/Z)-N-[1-[(2-chloropyrimidin-5-yl)methyl]-2-pyridylidene]-2,2,2-trifluo- ro-acetamide; M.UN.6i) (E/Z)-N-[1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methyl]-2-pyridylidene]-2,2,3,3,3-pentafl- uoro-propanamide); M.UN.6j) N-[1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methyl]-2-pyridylidene]-2,2,2-trifluoro-thioace- tamide or of the compound M.UN.6k) N-[1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methyl]-2-pyridylidene]-2,2,2-trifluoro-N'-isop- ropyl-acetamidine or the compounds M.UN.8: 8-chloro-N-[2-chloro-5-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl]-6-trifluoromethyl)-imidazo- [1,2-a]pyridine-2-carboxamide; or M.UN.9: 4-[5-(3,5-dichlorophenyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)-4H-isoxazol-3-yl]-2-methyl-- N-(1-oxothietan-3-yl)benzamide; or M.UN.10: 5-[3-[2,6-dichloro-4-(3,3-dichloroallyloxy)phenoxy]propoxy]-1H-pyrazole; or a compound selected from the group of M.UN.11, wherein the compound is selected from M.UN.11a) to M.UN.11p): M.UN.11. a) 3-[benzoyl(methyl)amino]-N-[2-bromo-4-[1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluorome- thyl)ethyl]-6-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-2-fluoro-benzamide; M.UN.11.b) 3-(benzoylmethylamino)-N-[2-bromo-4-[1,2,2,3,3,3-hexafluoro-1-(trifluorom- ethyl)propyl]-6-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-2-fluoro-benzamide; M.UN.11.c) 3-(benzoylmethylamino)-2-fluoro-N-[2-iodo-4-[1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifl- uoromethyl)ethyl]-6-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-benzamide; M.UN.11.d) N-[3-[[[2-iodo-4-[1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]-6-(triflu- oromethyl)phenyl]amino]carbonyl]phenyl]-N-methyl-benzamide; M.UN.11.e) N-[3-[[[2-bromo-4-[1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]-6-(trifl- uoromethyl)phenyl]amino]carbonyl]-2-fluorophenyl]-4-fluoro-N-methyl-benzam- ide; M.UN.11.f) 4-fluoro-N-[2-fluoro-3-[[[2-iodo-4-[1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethy- l)ethyl]-6-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]amino]carbonyl]phenyl]-N-methyl-benzami- de; M.UN.11.g) 3-fluoro-N-[2-fluoro-3-[[[2-iodo-4-[1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethy- l)ethyl]-6-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]amino]carbonyl]phenyl]-N-methyl-benzami- de; M.UN.11.h) 2-chloro-N-[3-[[[2-iodo-4-[1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]-- 6-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]amino]carbonyl]phenyl]-3-pyridinecarboxamide; M.UN.11.i) 4-cyano-N-[2-cyano-5-[[2,6-dibromo-4-[1,2,2,3,3,3-hexafluoro-1-(trifluoro- methyl)propyl]phenyl]carbamoyl]phenyl]-2-methyl-benzamide; M.UN.11.j) 4-cyano-3-[(4-cyano-2-methyl-benzoyl)amino]-N-[2,6-dichloro-4-[1,2,2,3,3,- 3-hexafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)propyl]phenyl]-2-fluoro-benzamide; M.UN.11.k) N-[5-[[2-chloro-6-cyano-4-[1,2,2,3,3,3-hexafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)prop- yl]phenyl]carbamoyl]-2-cyano-phenyl]-4-cyano-2-methyl-benzamide; M.UN.11.l) N-[5-[[2-bromo-6-chloro-4-[2,2,2-trifluoro-1-hydroxy-1-(trifluoromethyl)e- thyl]phenyl]carbamoyl]-2-cyano-phenyl]-4-cyano-2-methyl-benzamide; M.UN.11.m) N-[5-[[2-bromo-6-chloro-4-[1,2,2,3,3,3-hexafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)prop- yl]phenyl]carbamoyl]-2-cyano-phenyl]-4-cyano-2-methyl-benzamide; M.UN.11.n) 4-cyano-N-[2-cyano-5-[[2,6-dichloro-4-[1,2,2,3,3,3-hexafluoro-1-(trifluor- omethyl)propyl]phenyl]carbamoyl]phenyl]-2-methyl-benzamide; M.UN.11.o) 4-cyano-N-[2-cyano-5-[[2,6-dichloro-4-[1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluorome- thyl)ethyl]phenyl]carbamoyl]phenyl]-2-methyl-benzamide; M.UN.11.p) N-[5-[[2-bromo-6-chloro-4-[1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]p- henyl]carbamoyl]-2-cyano-phenyl]-4-cyano-2-methyl-benzamide; or a compound selected from the group of M.UN.12, wherein the compound is selected from M.UN.12a) to M.UN.12m): M.UN.12. a) 2-(1,3-Dioxan-2-yl)-6-[2-(3-pyridinyl)-5-thiazolyl]-pyridine; M.UN.12.b) 2-[6-[2-(5-Fluoro-3-pyridinyl)-5-thiazolyl]-2-pyridinyl]-pyrimidine; M.UN.12.c) 2-[6-[2-(3-Pyridinyl)-5-thiazolyl]-2-pyridinyl]-pyrimidine;

M.UN.12.d) N-Methylsulfonyl-6-[2-(3-pyridyl)thiazol-5-yl]pyridine-2-carboxamide M.UN.12.e) N-Methylsulfonyl-6-[2-(3-pyridyl)thiazol-5-yl]pyridine-2-carboxamide M.UN.12.f) N-Ethyl-N-[4-methyl-2-(3-pyridyl)thiazol-5-yl]-3-methylthio-propanamide M.UN. 12. g) N-Methyl-N-[4-methyl-2-(3-pyridyl)thiazol-5-yl]-3-methylthio-propanamide M.UN.12.h) N,2-Dimethyl-N-[4-methyl-2-(3-pyridyl)thiazol-5-yl]-3-methylthio-propanam- ide M.UN.12.i) N-Ethyl-2-methyl-N-[4-methyl-2-(3-pyridyl)thiazol-5-yl]-3-methylthio-prop- anamide M.UN.12.j) N-[4-Chloro-2-(3-pyridyl)thiazol-5-yl]-N-ethyl-2-methyl-3-methylthio-prop- anamide M.UN. 12. k) N-[4-Chloro-2-(3-pyridyl)thiazol-5-yl]-N,2-dimethyl-3-methylthio-propanam- ide M.UN.12.l) N-[4-Chloro-2-(3-pyridyl)thiazol-5-yl]-N-methyl-3-methylthio-propanamide M.UN. 12. m) N-[4-Chloro-2-(3-pyridyl)thiazol-5-yl]-N-ethyl-3-methylthio-propanamide; or the compound M.UN.13: 2-(4-methoxyiminocyclohexyl)-2-(3,3,3-trifluoropropylsulfonyl)acetonitril- e; or the compounds M.UN.14a) 1-[(6-Chloro-3-pyridinyl)methyl]-1,2,3,5,6,7-hexahydro-5-methoxy-7-methyl- -8-nitro-imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine; or M.UN.14b) 1-[(6-Chloropyridin-3-yl)methyl]-7-methyl-8-nitro-1,2,3,5,6,7-hexahydroim- idazo[1,2-a]pyridin-5-ol; or the compound M.UN.15: 1-[(2-Chloro-1,3-thiazol-5-yl)methyl]-3-(3,5-dichlorophenyl)-9-methyl-4-o- xo-4H-pyrido[1,2-a]pyrimidin-1-ium-2-olate; M.Y Biopesticides, being pesticidal compounds of biological origin with insecticidal, acaricidal, molluscidal and/or nematicidal activity, including M.Y-1: Microbial pesticides: Bacillus firmus, B. thuringiensis ssp. israelensis, B. t. ssp. galleriae, B. t. ssp. kurstaki, Beauveria bassiana, Burkholderia sp., Chromobacterium subtsugae, Cydia pomonella granulosis virus, Isaria fumosorosea, Lecanicillium longisporum, L. muscarium (formerly Verticillium lecanii), Metarhizium anisopliae, M. anisopliae var. acridum, Paecilomyces fumosoroseus, P. lilacinus, Paenibacillus poppiliae, Pasteuria spp., P. nishizawae, P. reneformis, P. usagae, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Steinernema feltiae, Streptomces galbus; or actives on basis of bacillus firmus (Votivo.RTM., 1-1582), or M.Y-2 Biochemical pesticides: L-carvone, citral, (E,Z)-7,9-dodecadien-1-yl acetate, ethyl formate, (E,Z)-2,4-ethyl decadienoate (pear ester), (Z,Z,E)-7,11,13-hexadecatrienal, heptyl butyrate, isopropyl myristate, lavanulyl senecioate, 2-methyl 1-butanol, methyl eugenol, methyl jasmonate, (E,Z)-2,13-octadecadien-1-ol, (E,Z)-2,13-octadecadien-1-ol acetate, (E,Z)-3,13-octadecadien-1-ol, R-1-octen-3-ol, pentatermanone, potassium silicate, sorbitol actanoate, (E,Z,Z)-3,8,11-tetradecatrienyl acetate, (Z,E)-9,12-tetradecadien-1-yl acetate, Z-7-tetradecen-2-one, Z-9-tetradecen-1-yl acetate, Z-11-tetradecenal, Z-11-tetradecen-1-ol, Acacia negra extract, extract of grapefruit seeds and pulp, extract of Chenopodium ambrosiodae, Catnip oil, Neem oil, Quillay extract, Tagetes oil or components of the ginkgo tree selected from the group consisting of bilobalide, ginkgolide A, ginkgolide B, ginkgolide C, ginkgolide J and ginkgolide M;

39. The agricultural mixture according to claim 37, wherein in the mixtures comprises the carboxamide compound I of formula (I) and one or more fungicidal active compounds and optionally one or more insecticidal active compound.

40. The agricultural mixture according to claim 37, wherein at least one active compound II is selected from the group consisting of azoxystrobin, fluoxastrobin, picoxystrobin, pyraclostrobin and trifloxystrobin.

41. The agricultural mixture according to claim 37, wherein at least one active compound II is pyraclostrobin.

42. The agricultural mixture according to claim 37, wherein at least one active compound II is cyazofamid.

43. The agricultural mixture according to claim 37, wherein at least one active compound II is selected from the group consisting of bixafen, boscalid, carboxin, fluopyram, fluxapyroxad, isopyrazam, penthiopyrad, penflufen and sedaxane.

44. The agricultural mixture according to claim 37, wherein at least one active compound II is fluxapyroxad.

45. The agricultural mixture according to claim 37, wherein at least one active compound II is selected from ametoctradin or silthiofam.

46. The agricultural mixture according to claim 37, wherein at least one active compound II is selected from the group consisting of difenoconazole, cyproconazole, epoxiconazole, fluquinconazole, flusilazole, flutriafol, ipconazole, metconazole, prothioconazole, tebuconazole, triticonazole and prochloraz.

47. The agricultural mixture according to claim 37, wherein at least one active compound II is selected from the group consisting of 2-[2-chloro-4-(4-chlorophenoxy)phenyl]-1 (1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)pentan-2-ol, 1-[4-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1 cyclopropyl-2-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)ethanol, 2-[4-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)b- utan-2-ol, 2-[2-chloro-4-(4-chlorophenoxy)phenyl]-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)bu- tan-2-ol, 2-[4-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-3-methyl-1-(1,- 2,4-triazol-1-yl)butan-2-ol, 2-[4-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)p- ropan-2-ol, 2-[2-chloro-4-(4-chlorophenoxy)phenyl]-3-methyl-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)but- an-2-ol, 2-[4-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1-(1,2,4-triazo- l-1-yl)pentan-2-ol or 2-[4-(4-fluorophenoxy)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)p- ropan-2-ol.

48. The agricultural mixture according to claim 37, wherein at least one active compound II is selected from metalaxyl, mefenoxam (metalaxyl-M) or propineb.

49. The agricultural mixture according to claim 37, wherein at least one active compound II is selected from the group consisting of benomyl, carbendazim and thiophanate-methyl.

50. The agricultural mixture according to claim 37, wherein at least one active compound II is selected from the group consisting oxathiapiprolin, fludioxonil, ethaboxam, fluopicolide and pyriofenone.

51. The agricultural mixture according to claim 37, wherein at least one active compound II is dimethomorph or valifenalate.

52. The agricultural mixture according to claim 37, wherein at least one active compound II is sulfur.

53. The agricultural mixture according to claim 37, wherein at least one active compound II is a copper salt selected from copper acetate, copper hydroxide, copper oxychloride or basic copper sulfate.

54. The agricultural mixture according to claim 37, wherein at least one active compound II is selected from mancozeb or metiram.

55. The agricultural mixture according to claim 37, wherein at least one active compound II is chlorothalonil.

56. The agricultural mixture according to claim 37, wherein at least one active compound II is selected from phosphorous acid or its salts.

57. The agricultural mixture according to claim 38, wherein the additional insecticidal active compound III is fipronil, chlorpyrifos, acephate, methiocarb, tefluthrin, bifenthrin, cypermethrin, chlorfenapyr, thiodicarb, lamba-cyhalothrin, alpha-cypermethrin, acetamiprid, clothianidin, dinotefuran, imidacloprid, thiacloprid, thiamethoxam, abamectin, emamectin, flubendiamide, spinetoram, spirotetramat, sulfoxaflor, cyflumetofen, flupyradifurone, chlorantraniliprole, N-[4,6-dichloro-2-[(diethyl-lambda-4-sulfanylidene)carbamoyl]-phenyl]-2-(- 3-chloro-2-pyridyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazole-3-carboxamide, N-[4-chloro-2-[(diethyl-lambda-4-sulfanylidene)carbamoyl]-6-methyl-phenyl- ]-2-(3-chloro-2-pyridyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazole-3-carboxamide or N-[4-chloro-2-[(di-2-propyl-lambda-4-sulfanylidene)carbamoyl]-6-methyl-ph- enyl]-2-(3-chloro-2-pyridyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazole-3-carboxamide or cyantraniliprole.

58. The agricultural mixture according to claim 38, wherein the additional insecticidal active compound III is methiocarb, thiodicarb, abamectin, emamectin or flubendiamide.

59. The agricultural mixture according to claim 38, wherein the additional insecticidal active compound III is lamba-cyhalothrin, tefluthrin, bifenthrin, cypermethrin or alpha-cypermethrin.

60. The agricultural mixture according to claim 38, wherein the additional insecticidal active compound III is acetamiprid, clothianidin, dinotefuran, imidacloprid, thiacloprid or thiamethoxam.

61. The agricultural mixture according to claim 60, wherein the additional insecticidal active compound III is thiamethoxam.

62. The agricultural mixture according to claim 38, wherein the additional insecticidal active compound III is chlorantraniliprole, N-[4,6-dichloro-2-[(diethyl-lambda-4-sulfanylidene)carbamoyl]-phenyl]-2-(- 3-chloro-2-pyridyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazole-3-carboxamide, N-[4-chloro-2-[(diethyl-lambda-4-sulfanylidene)carbamoyl]-6-methyl-phenyl- ]-2-(3-chloro-2-pyridyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazole-3-carboxamide or N-[4-chloro-2-[(di-2-propyl-lambda-4-sulfanylidene)carbamoyl]-6-methyl-ph- enyl]-2-(3-chloro-2-pyridyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazole-3-carboxamide or cyantraniliprol.

63. The agricultural mixture according to claim 37, comprising the active compound I of the formula I and the active compound II in a weight ratio of from 500:1 to 1:100.

64. A method for protecting plants from attack or infestation by insects, acarids or nematodes comprising contacting the plant, or the soil or water in which the plant is growing, with a mixture according to claim 37 in pesticidally effective amounts.

65. A method for controlling insects, arachnids or nematodes comprising contacting an insect, acarid or nematode or their food supply, habitat, breeding grounds or their locus with a mixture according to claim 37 in pesticidally effective amounts.

66. A method for protection of plant propagation material comprising contacting the plant propagation material with a mixture as defined in claim 37 in pesticidally effective amounts.

67. Seed treated with the mixture according to claim 37 in an amount of from 0.1 g to 100 kg per 100 kg of seeds.

68. A method for controlling phytopathogenic harmful fungi, wherein the fungi, their habitat or the plants or the plant propagation material to be protected against fungal attack, the soil or seed are treated with a fungicidal effective amount of a mixture of at least one active compound I and at least one active compound II according to claim 37.

69. A method for protecting plants from phytopathogenic harmful fungi, wherein the fungi, their habitat or the plants or the plant propagation material to be protected against fungal attack, the soil or seed are treated with a fungicidal effective amount of a mixture of at least one active compound I and at least one active compound II according to claim 37.

70. Agricultural composition, comprising a liquid or solid carrier and a mixture according to claim 37.
Description



[0001] The present invention relates to mixtures of active ingredients having synergistically enhanced action and to methods comprising applying said mixtures.

[0002] One typical problem arising in the field of pest and/or fungi control lies in the need to reduce the dosage rates of the active ingredient in order to reduce or avoid unfavorable environmental or toxicological effects whilst still allowing effective pest and/or fungi control.

[0003] Another problem encountered concerns the need to have available pesticidal active agents which are effective against a broad spectrum of pests.

[0004] Another problem encountered concerns the need to have available fungicidal active agents which are effective against a broad spectrum of fungi.

[0005] Another problem underlying the present invention is the desire for compositions that improve plants, a process which is commonly and hereinafter referred to as "plant health". For example, advantageous properties that may be mentioned are improved crop characteristics including: emergence, crop yields, protein content, more developed root system, tillering increase, increase in plant height, bigger leaf blade, less dead basal leaves, stronger tillers, greener leaf color, pigment content, photosynthetic activity, less fertilizers needed, less seeds needed, more productive tillers, earlier flowering, early grain maturity, less plant verse (lodging), increased shoot growth, enhanced plant vigor, increased plant stand and early germination; or any other advantages familiar to a person skilled in the art. Methods for improving the health of plants by applying active compounds to the plants or the locus are a general need.

[0006] It is also an object of the present invention, with a view to reducing the application rates and broadening the activity spectrum of the active compounds I and II, to provide mixtures which, at a reduced total amount of active compounds applied, have improved activity against harmful fungi and animal pests.

[0007] It was therefore an object of the present invention to provide pesticidal mixtures which solve the problems outlined above.

[0008] The combating of harmful phytopathogenic fungi is in many regions not the only problem the farmer has to face. Also harmful insects can cause a great damage to crops and other plants. An efficient combination of fungicidal and insecticidal activity is desirable to overcome this problem. Thus, it is a further object of the present invention to provide a mixture which, on the one hand, has good fungicidal activity, and, on the other hand, good insecticidal activity, resulting in a broader pesticidal spectrum of action.

[0009] There also exists the need for pest or fungi control agents that combine know-down activity with prolonged control, that is, fast action with long lasting action.

[0010] Another difficulty in relation to the use of pesticides or fungicides is that the repeated and exclusive application of an individual pesticidal compound leads in many cases to a rapid selection of pests which have developed natural or adapted resistance against the active compound in question. Therefore there is a need for pest or fungi control agents that help prevent or overcome resistance.

[0011] It was therefore an object of the present invention to provide agricultural mixtures which solves at least one of the discussed problems as reducing the dosage rate, enhancing the spectrum of activity or combining know-down activity with prolonged control or as to resistance management.

[0012] It has been found that this object is in part or in whole achieved by the combination of active compounds defined below.

[0013] The present invention relates to agricultural mixtures comprising as active compounds [0014] 1) at least one pesticidal active carboxamide compound I of formula (I):

[0014] ##STR00001## [0015] or the tautomers, enantiomers, diastereomers or salts thereof, and [0016] 2) at least one fungicidal active compound II selected from group F consisting of [0017] F.I) Respiration inhibitors [0018] F.I 1) Inhibitors of complex III at Q.sub.o site (e.g. strobilurins): azoxystrobin, coumethoxystrobin, coumoxystrobin, dimoxystrobin, enestroburin, fenaminstrobin, fenoxy-strobin/flufenoxystrobin, fluoxastrobin, kresoxim-methyl, mandestrobine, metominostrobin, orysastrobin, picoxystrobin, pyraclostrobin, pyrametostrobin, pyraoxystrobin, trifloxystrobin and 2-(2-(3-(2,6-dichlorophenyl)-1-methyl-allylideneaminooxy-methyl)-phenyl)-- 2-methoxyimino-N-methyl-acetamide, pyribencarb, triclopy-ricarb/chlorodincarb, famoxadone, fenamidone; [0019] F.I 2) inhibitors of complex III at Q.sub.i site: cyazofamid, amisulbrom, [(3S,6S,7R,8R)-8-benzyl-3-[(3-acetoxy-4-methoxy-pyridine-2-carbonyl)amino- ]-6-methyl-4,9-dioxo-1,5-dioxonan-7-yl]2-methylpropanoate, [(3S,6S,7R,8R)-8-benzyl-3-[[3-(acetoxymethoxy)-4-methoxy-pyridine-2-carbo- nyl]amino]-6-methyl-4,9-dioxo-1,5-dioxonan-7-yl]2-methylpropanoate, [(3S,6S,7R,8R)-8-benzyl-3-[(3-isobutoxycarbonyloxy-4-methoxy-pyridine-2-c- arbonyl)amino]-6-methyl-4,9-dioxo-1,5-dioxonan-7-yl]2-methylpropanoate, [(3S,6S,7R,8R)-8-benzyl-3-[[3-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-ylmethoxy)-4-methoxy-pyr- idine-2-carbonyl]amino]-6-methyl-4,9-dioxo-1,5-dioxonan-7-yl]2-methylpropa- noate; (3S,6S,7R,8R)-3-[[(3-hydroxy-4-methoxy-2-pyridinyl)carbonyl]amino]-- 6-methyl-4,9-dioxo-8-(phenylmethyl)-1,5-dioxonan-7-yl 2-methylpropanoate; [0020] F.I 3) inhibitors of complex II (e. g. carboxamides): benodanil, benzovindiflupyr, bixafen, boscalid, carboxin, fenfuram, fluopyram, flutolanil, fluxapyroxad, furametpyr, isofetamid, isopyrazam, mepronil, oxycarboxin, penflufen, penthiopyrad, sedaxane, tecloftalam, thifluzamide, N-(4'-trifluoromethylthiobiphenyl-2-yl)-3-difluoromethyl-1-methyl-1H-pyra- zole-4-carboxamide, N-(2-(1,3,3-trimethyl-butyl)-phenyl)-1,3-dimethyl-5-fluoro-1H-pyrazole-4-- carboxamide, 3-(difluoromethyl)-1-methyl-N-(1,1,3-trimethyl-indan-4-yl)pyrazole-4-carb- oxamide, 3-(trifluoromethyl)-1-methyl-N-(1,1,3-trimethyl-indan-4-yl)pyrazo- le-4-carboxamide, 1,3-dimethyl-N-(1,1,3-trimethylindan-4-yl)pyrazole-4-carboxamide, 3-(trifluoromethyl)-1,5-dimethyl-N-(1,1,3-trimethylindan-4-yl)pyrazole-4-- carboxamide, 1,3,5-trimethyl-N-(1,1,3-trimethylindan-4-yl)pyrazole-4-carboxamide, N-(7-fluoro-1,1,3-trimethyl-indan-4-yl)-1,3-dimethyl-pyrazole-4-carboxami- de, N-[2-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-2-methoxy-1-methyl-ethyl]-3-(difluoromethyl)- -1-methyl-pyrazole-4-carboxamide, N-[2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)phenyl]-3-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazine-2-carboxamid- e; [0021] F.I 4) other respiration inhibitors (e.g. complex I, uncouplers): diflumetorim, (5,8-difluoroquinazolin-4-yl)-{2-[2-fluoro-4-(4-trifluoromethyl pyridin-2-yloxy)-phenyl]-ethyl}-amine; nitrophenyl derivates: binapacryl, dinobuton, dinocap, fluazinam; ferimzone; organometal compounds: fentin salts, such as fentin-acetate, fentin chloride or fentin hydroxide; ametoctradin; and silthiofam; [0022] F.II) Sterol biosynthesis inhibitors (SBI fungicides) [0023] F.II 1) C14 demethylase inhibitors (DMI fungicides): triazoles: azaconazole, bitertanol, bromuconazole, cyproconazole, difenoconazole, diniconazole, diniconazole-M, epoxiconazole, fenbuconazole, fluquinconazole, flusilazole, flutriafol, hexaconazole, imibenconazole, ipconazole, metconazole, myclobutanil, oxpoconazole, paclobutrazole, penconazole, propiconazole, prothioconazole, simeconazole, tebuconazole, tetraconazole, triadimefon, triadimenol, triticonazole, uniconazole, 1-[rel-(2S;3R)-3-(2-chlorophenyl)-2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-oxiranylmethyl]-- 5-thiocyanato-1H-[1,2,4]triazole, 2-[rel-(2S;3R)-3-(2-chlorophenyl)-2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-oxiranylmethyl]-- 2H-[1,2,4]triazole-3-thiol, 2-[2-chloro-4-(4-chlorophenoxy)phenyl]-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)pentan-2-ol, 1-[4-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1-cyclopropyl-2-(1,2,4-- triazol-1-yl)ethanol, 2-[4-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)b- utan-2-ol, 2-[2-chloro-4-(4-chlorophenoxy)phenyl]-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)bu- tan-2-ol, 2-[4-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-3-methyl-1-(1,- 2,4-triazol-1-yl)butan-2-ol, 2-[4-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)p- ropan-2-ol, 2-[2-chloro-4-(4-chlorophenoxy)phenyl]-3-methyl-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)but- an-2-ol, 2-[4-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1-(1,2,4-triazo- l-1-yl)pentan-2-ol, 2-[4-(4-fluorophenoxy)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)p- ropan-2-ol; imidazoles: imazalil, pefurazoate, prochloraz, triflumizol; pyrimidines, pyridines and piperazines: fenarimol, nuarimol, pyrifenox, triforine, [3-(4-chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-5-(2,4-difluorophenyl)isoxazol-4-yl]-(3-pyr- idyl)methanol; [0024] F.II 2) Delta14-reductase inhibitors: aldimorph, dodemorph, dodemorph-acetate, fenpropimorph, tridemorph, fenpropidin, piperalin, spiroxamine; [0025] F.II 3) Inhibitors of 3-keto reductase: fenhexamid; [0026] F.III) Nucleic acid synthesis inhibitors [0027] F.III 1) phenylamides or acyl amino acid fungicides: benalaxyl, benalaxyl-M, kiralaxyl, metalaxyl, metalaxyl-M (mefenoxam), ofurace, oxadixyl; [0028] F.III 2) others: hymexazole, octhilinone, oxolinic acid, bupirimate, 5-fluorocytosine, 5-fluoro-2-(p-tolylmethoxy)pyrimidin-4-amine, 5-fluoro-2-(4-fluorophenylmethoxy)pyrimidin-4-amine; [0029] F.IV) Inhibitors of cell division and cytoskeleton [0030] F.IV 1) tubulin inhibitors, such as benzimidazoles, thiophanates: benomyl, carbendazim, fuberidazole, thiabendazole, thiophanate-methyl; triazolopyrimidines: 5-chloro-7-(4-methylpiperidin-1-yl)-6-(2,4,6-trifluorophenyl)-[1,2,4]tria- zolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine; [0031] F.IV 2) other cell division inhibitors: diethofencarb, ethaboxam, pencycuron, fluopicolide, zoxamide, metrafenone, pyriofenone; [0032] F.V) Inhibitors of amino acid and protein synthesis [0033] F.V 1) methionine synthesis inhibitors (anilino-pyrimidines): cyprodinil, mepanipyrim, pyrimethanil; [0034] F.V 2) protein synthesis inhibitors: blasticidin-S, kasugamycin, kasugamycin hydrochloride-hydrate, mildiomycin, streptomycin, oxytetracyclin, polyoxine, validamycin A; [0035] F.VI) Signal transduction inhibitors [0036] F.VI 1) MAP/histidine kinase inhibitors: fluoroimid, iprodione, procymidone, vinclozolin, fenpiclonil, fludioxonil; [0037] F.VI 2) G protein inhibitors: quinoxyfen; [0038] F.VII) Lipid and membrane synthesis inhibitors [0039] F.VII 1) Phospholipid biosynthesis inhibitors: edifenphos, iprobenfos, pyrazophos, isoprothiolane; [0040] F.VII 2) lipid peroxidation: dicloran, quintozene, tecnazene, tolclofos-methyl, biphenyl, chloroneb, etridiazole; [0041] F.VII 3) phospholipid biosynthesis and cell wall deposition: dimethomorph, flumorph, mandipropamid, pyrimorph, benthiavalicarb, iprovalicarb, valifenalate and N-(1-(1-(4-cyano-phenyl)ethanesulfonyl)-but-2-yl) carbamic acid-(4-fluorophenyl) ester; [0042] F.VII 4) compounds affecting cell membrane permeability and fatty acides: propamocarb, propamocarb-hydrochlorid; [0043] F.VII 5) fatty acid amide hydrolase inhibitors: oxathiapiprolin; [0044] F.VIII) Inhibitors with Multi Site Action [0045] F.VIII 1) inorganic active substances: Bordeaux mixture, copper acetate, copper hydroxide, copper oxychloride, basic copper sulfate, sulfur; [0046] F.VIII 2) thio- and dithiocarbamates: ferbam, mancozeb, maneb, metam, metiram, propineb, thiram, zineb, ziram; [0047] F.VIII 3) organochlorine compounds (e.g. phthalimides, sulfamides, chloronitriles): anilazine, chlorothalonil, captafol, captan, folpet, dichlofluanid, dichlorophen, hexachlorobenzene, pentachlorphenole and its salts, phthalide, tolylfluanid, N-(4-chloro-2-nitro-phenyl)-N-ethyl-4-methyl-benzenesulfonamide; [0048] F.VIII 4) guanidines and others: guanidine, dodine, dodine free base, guazatine, guazatine-acetate, iminoctadine, iminoctadine-triacetate, iminoctadine-tris(albesilate), dithianon, 2,6-dimethyl-1H,5H-[1,4]dithiino[2,3-c:5,6-c']dipyrrole-1,3,5,7(2H,6H)-te- traone; [0049] F.IX) Cell wall synthesis inhibitors [0050] F.IX 1) inhibitors of glucan synthesis: validamycin, polyoxin B; [0051] F.IX 2) melanin synthesis inhibitors: pyroquilon, tricyclazole, carpropamid, dicyclomet, fenoxanil; [0052] F.X) Plant defence inducers [0053] F.X 1) acibenzolar-S-methyl, probenazole, isotianil, tiadinil, prohexadione-calcium; [0054] F.X 2) phosphonates: fosetyl, fosetyl-aluminum, phosphorous acid and its salts, 4-cyclopropyl-N-(2,4-dimethoxyphenyl)thiadiazole-5-carboxamide; [0055] F.XI) Unknown mode of action [0056] bronopol, chinomethionat, cyflufenamid, cymoxanil, dazomet, debacarb, diclomezine, difenzoquat, difenzoquat-methylsulfate, diphenylamin, fenpyrazamine, flumetover, flusulfamide, flutianil, methasulfocarb, nitrapyrin, nitrothal-isopropyl, oxathiapiprolin, picarbutrazox, tolprocarb, 2-[3,5-bis(difluoromethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]-1-[4-(4-{5-[2-(prop-2-yn-1-yl- oxy)phenyl]-4,5-dihydro-1,2-oxazol-3-yl}-1,3-thiazol-2-yl)piperidin-1-yl]e- thanone, 2-[3,5-bis(difluoromethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]-1-[4-(4-{5-[2-fluoro-- 6-(prop-2-yn-1-yloxy)phenyl]-4,5-dihydro-1,2-oxazol-3-yl}-1,3-thiazol-2-yl- )piperidin-1-yl]ethanone, 2-[3,5-bis(difluoromethyl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl]-1-[4-(4-{5-[2-chloro-6-(prop-- 2-yn-1-yl-oxy)phenyl]-4,5-dihydro-1,2-oxazol-3-yl}-1,3-thiazol-2-yl)piperi- din-1-yl]ethanone, oxin-copper, proquinazid, tebufloquin, tecloftalam, triazoxide, 2-butoxy-6-iodo-3-propylchromen-4-one, N-(cyclopropylmethoxyimino-(6-difluoro-methoxy-2,3-difluoro-phenyl)-methy- l)-2-phenyl acetamide, N'-(4-(4-chloro-3-trifluoromethyl-phenoxy)-2,5-dimethyl-phenyl)-N-ethyl-N- -methyl formamidine, N'-(4-(4-fluoro-3-trifluoromethyl-phenoxy)-2,5-dimethyl-phenyl)-N-ethyl-N- -methyl formamidine, N'-(2-methyl-5-trifluoromethyl-4-(3-trimethylsilanyl-propoxy)-phenyl)-N-e- thyl-N-methyl formamidine, N'-(5-difluoromethyl-2-methyl-4-(3-trimethylsilanyl-propoxy)-phenyl)-N-et- hyl-N-methyl formamidine, methoxy-acetic acid 6-tert-butyl-8-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-quinolin-4-yl ester, 3-[5-(4-methylphenyl)-2,3-dimethyl-isoxazolidin-3-yl]-pyridine, 3-[5-(4-chloro-phenyl)-2,3-dimethyl-isoxazolidin-3-yl]-pyridine (pyrisoxazole), N-(6-methoxy-pyridin-3-yl) cyclopropanecarboxylic acid amide, 5-chloro-1-(4,6-dimethoxy-pyrimidin-2-yl)-2-methyl-1H-benzoimidazo- le, 2-(4-chloro-phenyl)-N-[4-(3,4-dimethoxy-phenyl)-isoxazol-5-yl]-2-prop-- 2-ynyloxy-acetamide, ethyl (Z)-3-amino-2-cyano-3-phenyl-prop-2-enoate, pentyl N-[6-[[(Z)-[(1-methyltetrazol-5-yl)-phenyl-methylene]amino]oxymeth- yl]-2-pyridyl]carbamate, 2-[2-[(7,8-difluoro-2-methyl-3-quinolyl)oxy]-6-fluoro-phenyl]propan-2-ol, 2-[2-fluoro-6-[(8-fluoro-2-methyl-3-quinolyl)oxy]phenyl]propan-2-ol, 3-(5-fluoro-3,3,4,4-tetramethyl-3,4-dihydroisoquinolin-1-yl)quinoline, 3-(4,4-difluoro-3,3-dimethyl-3,4-dihydroisoquinolin-1-yl)quinoline, 3-(4,4,5-trifluoro-3,3-dimethyl-3,4-dihydroisoquinolin-1-yl)quinoline; [0057] F.XII) Biopesticides [0058] F.XII 1) Microbial pesticides with fungicidal, bactericidal, viricidal and/or plant defense activator activity: Ampelomyces quisqualis, Aspergillus flavus, Aureobasidium pullulans, Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, B. mojavensis, B. pumilus, B. simplex, B. solisalsi, B. subtilis, B. subtilis var. amyloliquefaciens, Candida oleophila, C. saitoana, Clavibacter michiganensis (bacteriophages), Coniothyrium minitans, Cryphonectria parasitica, Cryptococcus albidus, Dilophosphora alopecuri, Fusarium oxysporum, Clonostachys rosea f. catenulate (also named Gliocladium catenulatum), Gliocladium roseum, Lysobacter antibioticus, L. enzymogenes, Metschnikowia fructicola, Microdochium dimerum, Microsphaeropsis ochracea, Muscodor albus, Paenibacillus polymyxa, Pantoea vagans, Phlebiopsis gigantea, Pseudomonas sp., Pseudomonas chloraphis, Pseudozyma flocculosa, Pichia anomala, Pythium oligandrum, Sphaerodes mycoparasitica, Streptomyces griseoviridis, S. lydicus, S. violaceusniger, Talaromyces flavus, Trichoderma asperellum, T. atroviride, T. fertile, T. gamsii, T. harmatum, T. harzianum; mixture of T. harzianum and T. viride; mixture of T. polysporum and T. harzianum; T. stromaticum, T. virens (also named Gliocladium virens), T. viride, Typhula phacorrhiza, Ulocladium oudemansii, Verticillium dahlia, zucchini yellow mosaic virus (avirulent strain); [0059] F.XII 2) Biochemical pesticides with fungicidal, bactericidal, viricidal and/or plant defense activator activity: chitosan (hydrolysate), harpin protein, laminarin, Menhaden fish oil, natamycin, Plum pox virus coat protein, potassium or sodium bicarbonate, Reynoutria sachlinensis extract, salicylic acid, tea tree oil; in synergistically effective amounts.

[0060] Moreover, it has been found that simultaneous, that is joint or separate, application of one or more active compound(s) I and one or more compound(s) II or successive application (that is immediately one after another and thereby creating the mixture "in-situ" on the desired location, as e.g. the plant) of one or more active compound(s) I and one or more active compound(s) II allows enhanced control of pests and/or fungi compared to the control rates that are possible with the individual compounds.

[0061] Moreover, the present invention further includes mixtures comprising more than one fungicidal active compound II selected from group F.

[0062] Moreover, the present invention further includes mixtures comprising two, three or four fungicidal active compound II selected from group F.

[0063] Moreover, the present invention further includes mixtures comprising as an additional active compound III an insecticidal compound selected from the group M of pesticides.

[0064] The following list M of pesticides, grouped and numbered according the Mode of Action Classification of the Insecticide Resistance Action Committee (IRAC), together with which the compounds I according to the invention can be used and with which potential synergistic effects might be produced, is intended to illustrate the possible combinations, but not to impose any limitation: [0065] M.1 Acetylcholine esterase (AChE) inhibitors from the class of [0066] M.1A carbamates, for example aldicarb, alanycarb, bendiocarb, benfuracarb, butocarboxim, butoxycarboxim, carbaryl, carbofuran, carbosulfan, ethiofencarb, fenobucarb, formetanate, furathiocarb, isoprocarb, methiocarb, methomyl, metolcarb, oxamyl, pirimicarb, propoxur, thiodicarb, thiofanox, trimethacarb, XMC, xylylcarb and triazamate; or from the class of [0067] M.1B organophosphates, for example acephate, azamethiphos, azinphos-ethyl, azinphosmethyl, cadusafos, chlorethoxyfos, chlorfenvinphos, chlormephos, chlorpyrifos, chlorpyrifos-methyl, coumaphos, cyanophos, demeton-S-methyl, diazinon, dichlorvos/DDVP, dicrotophos, dimethoate, dimethylvinphos, disulfoton, EPN, ethion, ethoprophos, famphur, fenamiphos, fenitrothion, fenthion, fosthiazate, heptenophos, imicyafos, isofenphos, isopropyl O-(methoxyaminothio-phosphoryl) salicylate, isoxathion, malathion, mecarbam, methamidophos, methidathion, mevinphos, monocrotophos, naled, omethoate, oxydemeton-methyl, parathion, parathion-methyl, phenthoate, phorate, phosalone, phosmet, phosphamidon, phoxim, pirimiphos-methyl, profenofos, propetamphos, prothiofos, pyraclofos, pyridaphenthion, quinalphos, sulfotep, tebupirimfos, temephos, terbufos, tetrachlorvinphos, thiometon, triazophos, trichlorfon and vamidothion; [0068] M.2. GABA-gated chloride channel antagonists such as: [0069] M.2A cyclodiene organochlorine compounds, as for example endosulfan or chlordane; or [0070] M.2B fiproles (phenylpyrazoles), as for example ethiprole, fipronil, flufiprole, pyrafluprole and pyriprole; [0071] M.3 Sodium channel modulators from the class of [0072] M.3A pyrethroids, for example acrinathrin, allethrin, d-cis-trans allethrin, d-trans allethrin, bifenthrin, bioallethrin, bioallethrin S-cylclopentenyl, bioresmethrin, cycloprothrin, cyfluthrin, beta-cyfluthrin, cyhalothrin, lambda-cyhalothrin, gamma-cyhalothrin, cypermethrin, alpha-cypermethrin, beta-cypermethrin, theta-cypermethrin, zeta-cypermethrin, cyphenothrin, deltamethrin, empenthrin, esfenvalerate, etofenprox, fenpropathrin, fenvalerate, flucythrinate, flumethrin, tau-fluvalinate, halfenprox, heptafluthrin, imiprothrin, meperfluthrin, metofluthrin, momfluorothrin, permethrin, phenothrin, prallethrin, profluthrin, pyrethrin (pyrethrum), resmethrin, silafluofen, tefluthrin, tetramethylfluthrin, tetramethrin, tralomethrin and transfluthrin; [0073] Or [0074] M.3B sodium channel modulators such as DDT or methoxychlor; [0075] M.4 Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonists (nAChR) from the class of [0076] M.4A neonicotinoids, for example acteamiprid, chlothianidin, cycloxaprid, dinotefuran, imidacloprid, nitenpyram, thiacloprid and thiamethoxam; or the compounds [0077] M.4A.2: (2E+1-[(6-Chloropyridin-3-yl)methyl]-N'-nitro-2-pentylidenehydrazinecarbo- ximidamide; or [0078] M4.A.3: 1-[(6-Chloropyridin-3-yl)methyl]-7-methyl-8-nitro-5-propoxy-1,2,3,5,6,7-h- exahydroimidazo[1,2-a]pyridine; [0079] or from the class M.4B nicotine; [0080] M.5 Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor allosteric activators from the class of spinosyns, for example spinosad or spinetoram; [0081] M.6 Chloride channel activators from the class of avermectins and milbemycins, for example abamectin, emamectin benzoate, ivermectin, lepimectin or milbemectin; [0082] M.7 Juvenile hormone mimics, such as [0083] M.7A juvenile hormone analogues as hydroprene, kinoprene and methoprene; or others as [0084] M.7B fenoxycarb or M.7C pyriproxyfen; [0085] M.8 miscellaneous non-specific (multi-site) inhibitors, for example [0086] M.8A alkyl halides as methyl bromide and other alkyl halides, or [0087] M.8B chloropicrin, or M.8C sulfuryl fluoride, or M.8D borax, or M.8E tartar emetic; [0088] M.9 Selective homopteran feeding blockers, for example [0089] M.9B pymetrozine, or M.9C flonicamid; [0090] M.10 Mite growth inhibitors, for example [0091] M.10A clofentezine, hexythiazox and diflovidazin, or M.10B etoxazole; [0092] M.11 Microbial disruptors of insect midgut membranes, for example bacillus thuringiensis or bacillus sphaericus and the insecticdal proteins they produce such as bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis, bacillus sphaericus, bacillus thuringiensis subsp. aizawai, bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki and bacillus thuringiensis subsp. tenebrionis, or the Bt crop proteins: Cry1Ab, Cry1Ac, Cry1Fa, Cry2Ab, mCry3A, Cry3Ab, Cry3Bb and Cry34/35Ab1; [0093] M.12 Inhibitors of mitochondrial ATP synthase, for example [0094] M.12A diafenthiuron, or [0095] M.12B organotin miticides such as azocyclotin, cyhexatin or fenbutatin oxide, or M.12C propargite, or M.12D tetradifon; [0096] M.13 Uncouplers of oxidative phosphorylation via disruption of the proton gradient, for example chlorfenapyr, DNOC or sulfluramid; [0097] M.14 Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) channel blockers, for example nereistoxin analogues as bensultap, cartap hydrochloride, thiocyclam or thiosultap sodium; [0098] M.15 Inhibitors of the chitin biosynthesis type 0, such as benzoylureas as for example bistrifluron, chlorfluazuron, diflubenzuron, flucycloxuron, flufenoxuron, hexaflumuron, lufenuron, novaluron, noviflumuron, teflubenzuron or triflumuron; [0099] M.16 Inhibitors of the chitin biosynthesis type 1, as for example buprofezin; [0100] M.17 Moulting disruptors, Dipteran, as for example cyromazine; [0101] M.18 Ecdyson receptor agonists such as diacylhydrazines, for example methoxyfenozide, tebufenozide, halofenozide, fufenozide or chromafenozide; [0102] M.19 Octopamin receptor agonists, as for example amitraz; [0103] M.20 Mitochondrial complex III electron transport inhibitors, for example [0104] M.20A hydramethylnon, or M.20B acequinocyl, or M.20C fluacrypyrim; [0105] M.21 Mitochondrial complex I electron transport inhibitors, for example [0106] M.21A METI acaricides and insecticides such as fenazaquin, fenpyroximate, pyrimidifen, pyridaben, tebufenpyrad or tolfenpyrad, or M.21B rotenone; [0107] M.22 Voltage-dependent sodium channel blockers, for example [0108] M.22A indoxacarb, or M.22B metaflumizone, or M.22B.1: 2-[2-(4-Cyanophenyl)-1-[3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]ethylidene]-N-[4-(diflu- oromethoxy)phenyl]-hydrazinecarboxamide or [0109] M.22B.2: N-(3-Chloro-2-methylphenyl)-2-[(4-chlorophenyl)[4-[methyl(methylsulfonyl)- amino]phenyl]methylene]-hydrazinecarboxamide; [0110] M.23 Inhibitors of the of acetyl CoA carboxylase, such as Tetronic and Tetramic acid derivatives, for example spirodiclofen, spiromesifen or spirotetramat; [0111] M.24 Mitochondrial complex IV electron transport inhibitors, for example [0112] M.24A phosphine such as aluminium phosphide, calcium phosphide, phosphine or zinc phosphide, or M.24B cyanide; [0113] M.25 Mitochondrial complex II electron transport inhibitors, such as beta-ketonitrile derivatives, for example cyenopyrafen or cyflumetofen; [0114] M.28 Ryanodine receptor-modulators from the class of diamides, as for example flubendiamide, chlorantraniliprole (rynaxypyr.RTM.), cyantraniliprole (cyazypyr.RTM.), or the phthalamide compounds [0115] M.28.1: (R)-3-Chlor-N1-{2-methyl-4-[1,2,2,2-tetrafluor-1-(trifluormethyl)- ethyl]phenyl}-N2-(1-methyl-2-methylsulfonylethyl)phthalamid and [0116] M.28.2: (S)-3-Chlor-N1-{2-methyl-4-[1,2,2,2-tetrafluor-1-(trifluormethyl)- ethyl]phenyl}-N2-(1-methyl-2-methylsulfonylethyl)phthalamid, or the compound [0117] M.28.3: 3-bromo-N-{2-bromo-4-chloro-6-[(1-cyclopropylethyl)carbamoyl]phenyl}-1-(3- -chlorpyridin-2-yl)-1H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide (proposed ISO name: cyclaniliprole), or the compound [0118] M.28.4: methyl-2-[3,5-dibromo-2-({[3-bromo-1-(3-chlorpyridin-2-yl)-1H-pyrazol-5-y- l]carbonyl}amino)benzoyl]-1,2-dimethylhydrazinecarboxylate; or a compound selected from M.28.5a) to M.28.5l): [0119] M.28.5a) N-[4,6-dichloro-2-[(diethyl-lambda-4-sulfanylidene)carbamoyl]-phenyl]-2-(- 3-chloro-2-pyridyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazole-3-carboxamide; [0120] M.28.5b) N-[4-chloro-2-[(diethyl-lambda-4-sulfanylidene)carbamoyl]-6-meth- yl-phenyl]-2-(3-chloro-2-pyridyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazole-3-carboxamid- e; [0121] M.28.5c) N-[4-chloro-2-[(di-2-propyl-lambda-4-sulfanylidene)carbamoyl]-6-methyl-ph- enyl]-2-(3-chloro-2-pyridyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazole-3-carboxamide; [0122] M.28.5d) N-[4,6-dichloro-2-[(di-2-propyl-lambda-4-sulfanylidene)carbamoyl]-phenyl]- -2-(3-chloro-2-pyridyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazole-3-carboxamide; [0123] M.28.5e) N-[4,6-dichloro-2-[(diethyl-lambda-4-sulfanylidene)carbamoyl]-ph- enyl]-2-(3-chloro-2-pyridyl)-5-(difluoromethyl)pyrazole-3-carboxamide; [0124] M.28.5f) N-[4,6-dibromo-2-[(di-2-propyl-lambda-4-sulfanylidene)carbamoyl]-phenyl]-- 2-(3-chloro-2-pyridyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazole-3-carboxamide; [0125] M.28.5g) N-[4-chloro-2-[(di-2-propyl-lambda-4-sulfanylidene)carbamoyl]-6-- cyano-phenyl]-2-(3-chloro-2-pyridyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazole-3-carboxa- mide; [0126] M.28.5h) N-[4,6-dibromo-2-[(diethyl-lambda-4-sulfanylidene)carbamoyl]-phenyl]-2-(3- -chloro-2-pyridyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazole-3-carboxamide; [0127] M.28.5i) N-[2-(5-Amino-1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-yl)-4-chloro-6-methylphenyl]-3-- bromo-1-(3-chloro-2-pyridinyl)-1H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide; [0128] M.28.5j) 3-Chloro-1-(3-chloro-2-pyridinyl)-N-[2,4-dichloro-6-[[(1-cyano-1-methylet- hyl)amino]carbonyl]phenyl]-1H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide; [0129] M.28.5k) 3-Bromo-N-[2,4-dichloro-6-(methylcarbamoyl)phenyl]-1-(3,5-dichloro-2-pyri- dyl)-1H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide; [0130] M.28.5l) N-[4-Chloro-2-[[(1,1-dimethylethyl)amino]carbonyl]-6-methylphenyl]-1-(3-c- hloro-2-pyridinyl)-3-(fluoromethoxy)-1H-pyrazole-5-carboxamide; [0131] or a compound selected from [0132] M.28.6: N-(2-cyanopropan-2-yl)-N-(2,4-dimethylphenyl)-3-iodobenzene-1,2-dicarboxa- mide; or [0133] M.28.7: 3-Chloro-N-(2-cyanopropan-2-yl)-N-(2,4-dimethylphenyl)-benzene-1,2-dicarb- oxamide; [0134] M.28.8a) 1-(3-Chloro-2-pyridinyl)-N-[4-cyano-2-methyl-6-[(methylamino)carbonyl]phe- nyl]-3-[[5-(trifluoromethyl)-2H-tetrazol-2-yl]methyl]-1H-pyrazole-5-carbox- amide; or [0135] M.28.8b) 1-(3-Chloro-2-pyridinyl)-N-[4-cyano-2-methyl-6-[(methylamino)carbonyl]phe- nyl]-3-[[5-(trifluoromethyl)-1H-tetrazol-1-yl]methyl]-1H-pyrazole-5-carbox- amide; [0136] M.UN. insecticidal active compounds of unknown or uncertain mode of action, as for example afidopyropen, afoxolaner, azadirachtin, amidoflumet, benzoximate, bifenazate, bromopropylate, chinomethionat, cryolite, dicofol, flufenerim, flometoquin, fluensulfone, fluopyram, flupyradifurone, fluralaner, metoxadiazone, piperonyl butoxide, pyflubumide, pyridalyl, pyrifluquinazon, sulfoxaflor, tioxazafen, triflumezopyrim, or the compounds [0137] M.UN.3: 11-(4-chloro-2,6-dimethylphenyl)-12-hydroxy-1,4-dioxa-9-azadispiro[4.2.4.- 2]-tetradec-11-en-10-one, or the compound [0138] M.UN.4: 3-(4'-fluoro-2,4-dimethylbiphenyl-3-yl)-4-hydroxy-8-oxa-1-azaspiro[4.5]de- c-3-en-2-one, or the compound [0139] M.UN.5: 1-[2-fluoro-4-methyl-5-[(2,2,2-trifluoroethyl)sulfinyl]phenyl]-3-(trifluo- romethyl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole-5-amine, or actives on basis of bacillus firmus (Votivo, 1-1582); or a compound selected from the group of M.UN.6, wherein the compound is selected from M.UN.6a) to M.UN.6k): [0140] M.UN.6a) (E/Z)-N-[1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methyl]-2-pyridylidene]-2,2,2-tr- ifluoro-acetamide; [0141] M.UN.6b) (E/Z)-N-[1-[(6-chloro-5-fluoro-3-pyridyl)methyl]-2-pyridylidene]-2,2,2-tr- ifluoro-acetamide; [0142] M.UN.6c) (E/Z)-2,2,2-trifluoro-N-[1-[(6-fluoro-3-pyridyl)methyl]-2-pyridylidene]ac- etamide; [0143] M.UN.6d) (E/Z)-N-[1-[(6-bromo-3-pyridyl)methyl]-2-pyridylidene]-2,2,2-trifluoro-ac- etamide; [0144] M.UN.6e) (E/Z)-N-[1-[1-(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)ethyl]-2-pyridylidene]-2,2,2-trifluoro-- acetamide; [0145] M.UN.6f) (E/Z)-N-[1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methyl]-2-pyridylidene]-2,2-difluoro-acet- amide; [0146] M.UN.6g) (E/Z)-2-chloro-N-[1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methyl]-2-pyridylidene]-2,2-difl- uoro-acetamide; [0147] M.UN.6h) (E/Z)-N-[1-[(2-chloropyrimidin-5-yl)methyl]-2-pyridylidene]-2,2,2-trifluo- ro-acetamide; [0148] M.UN.6i) (E/Z)-N-[1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methyl]-2-pyridylidene]-2,2,3,3,3-pentafl- uoro-propanamide.); [0149] M.UN.6j) N-[1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methyl]-2-pyridylidene]-2,2,2-trifluoro-thioace- tamide or of the compound [0150] M.UN.6k) N-[1-[(6-chloro-3-pyridyl)methyl]-2-pyridylidene]-2,2,2-trifluoro-N'-isop- ropyl-acetamidine or the compounds [0151] M.UN.8: 8-chloro-N-[2-chloro-5-methoxyphenyl)sulfonyl]-6-trifluoromethyl)-imidazo- [1,2-a]pyridine-2-carboxamide; or [0152] M.UN.9: 4-[5-(3,5-dichlorophenyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)-4H-isoxazol-3-yl]-2-methyl-- N-(1-oxothietan-3-yl)benzamide; or [0153] M.UN.10: 5-[3-[2,6-dichloro-4-(3,3-dichloroallyloxy)phenoxy]propoxy]-1H-pyrazole; or a compound selected from the group of M.UN.11, wherein the compound is selected from M.UN.11b) to M.UN.11p): [0154] M.UN.11.b) 3-(benzoylmethylamino)-N-[2-bromo-4-[1,2,2,3,3,3-hexafluoro-1-(trifluorom- ethyl)propyl]-6-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-2-fluoro-benzamide; [0155] M.UN.11.c) 3-(benzoylmethylamino)-2-fluoro-N-[2-iodo-4-[1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifl- uoromethyl)ethyl]-6-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-benzamide; [0156] M.UN.11.d) N-[3-[[[2-iodo-4-[1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]-6-(triflu- oromethyl)phenyl]amino]carbonyl]phenyl]-N-methyl-benzamide; [0157] M.UN.11.e) N-[3-[[[2-bromo-4-[1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]-6-(trifl- uoromethyl)phenyl]amino]carbonyl]-2-fluorophenyl]-4-fluoro-N-methyl-benzam- ide; [0158] M.UN.11.f) 4-fluoro-N-[2-fluoro-3-[[[2-iodo-4-[1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethy- l)ethyl]-6-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]amino]carbonyl]phenyl]-N-methyl-benzami- de; [0159] M.UN.11.g) 3-fluoro-N-[2-fluoro-3-[[[2-iodo-4-[1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethy- l)ethyl]-6-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]amino]carbonyl]phenyl]-N-methyl-benzami- de; [0160] M.UN.11.h) 2-chloro-N-[3-[[[2-iodo-4-[1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]-- 6-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]amino]carbonyl]phenyl]-3-pyridinecarboxamide; [0161] M.UN.11.i) 4-cyano-N-[2-cyano-5-[[2,6-dibromo-4-[1,2,2,3,3,3-hexafluoro-1-(trifluoro- methyl)propyl]phenyl]carbamoyl]phenyl]-2-methyl-benzamide; [0162] M.UN.11.j) 4-cyano-3-[(4-cyano-2-methyl-benzoyl)amino]-N-[2,6-dichloro-4-[1,2,2,3,3,- 3-hexafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)propyl]phenyl]-2-fluoro-benzamide; [0163] M.UN.11.k) N-[5-[[2-chloro-6-cyano-4-[1,2,2,3,3,3-hexafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)prop- yl]phenyl]carbamoyl]-2-cyano-phenyl]-4-cyano-2-methyl-benzamide; [0164] M.UN.11.l) N-[5-[[2-bromo-6-chloro-4-[2,2,2-trifluoro-1-hydroxy-1-(trifluoromethyl)e- thyl]phenyl]carbamoyl]-2-cyano-phenyl]-4-cyano-2-methyl-benzamide; [0165] M.UN.11.m) N-[5-[[2-bromo-6-chloro-4-[1,2,2,3,3,3-hexafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)prop- yl]phenyl]carbamoyl]-2-cyano-phenyl]-4-cyano-2-methyl-benzamide; [0166] M.UN.11.n) 4-cyano-N-[2-cyano-5-[[2,6-dichloro-4-[1,2,2,3,3,3-hexafluoro-1-(trifluor- omethyl)propyl]phenyl]carbamoyl]phenyl]-2-methyl-benzamide;

[0167] M.UN.11.o) 4-cyano-N-[2-cyano-5-[[2,6-dichloro-4-[1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluorome- thyl)ethyl]phenyl]carbamoyl]phenyl]-2-methyl-benzamide; [0168] M.UN.11.p) N-[5-[[2-bromo-6-chloro-4-[1,2,2,2-tetrafluoro-1-(trifluoromethyl)ethyl]p- henyl]carbamoyl]-2-cyano-phenyl]-4-cyano-2-methyl-benzamide; [0169] or a compound selected from the group of M.UN.12, wherein the compound is selected from M.UN.12a) to M.UN.12m): [0170] M.UN.12.a) 2-(1,3-Dioxan-2-yl)-6-[2-(3-pyridinyl)-5-thiazolyl]-pyridine; [0171] M.UN.12.b) 2-[6-[2-(5-Fluoro-3-pyridinyl)-5-thiazolyl]-2-pyridinyl]-pyrimidine; [0172] M.UN.12.c) 2-[6-[2-(3-Pyridinyl)-5-thiazolyl]-2-pyridinyl]-pyrimidine; [0173] M.UN.12.d) N-Methylsulfonyl-6-[2-(3-pyridyl)thiazol-5-yl]pyridine-2-carboxamide [0174] M.UN.12.e) N-Methylsulfonyl-6-[2-(3-pyridyl)thiazol-5-yl]pyridine-2-carboxamide [0175] M.UN.12.f) N-Ethyl-N-[4-methyl-2-(3-pyridyl)thiazol-5-yl]-3-methylthio-propanamide [0176] M.UN.12.g) N-Methyl-N-[4-methyl-2-(3-pyridyl)thiazol-5-yl]-3-methylthio-propanamide [0177] M.UN.12.h) N,2-Dimethyl-N-[4-methyl-2-(3-pyridyl)thiazol-5-yl]-3-methylthio-propanam- ide [0178] M.UN.12.i) N-Ethyl-2-methyl-N-[4-methyl-2-(3-pyridyl)thiazol-5-yl]-3-methylthio-prop- anamide [0179] M.UN.12.j) N-[4-Chloro-2-(3-pyridyl)thiazol-5-yl]-N-ethyl-2-methyl-3-methylthio-prop- anamide [0180] M.UN.12.k) N-[4-Chloro-2-(3-pyridyl)thiazol-5-yl]-N,2-dimethyl-3-methylthio-propanam- ide [0181] M.UN.12.l) N-[4-Chloro-2-(3-pyridyl)thiazol-5-yl]-N-methyl-3-methylthio-propanamide [0182] M.UN.12.m) N-[4-Chloro-2-(3-pyridyl)thiazol-5-yl]-N-ethyl-3-methylthio-propanamide; or the compound [0183] M.UN.13: 2-(4-methoxyiminocyclohexyl)-2-(3,3,3-trifluoropropylsulfonyl)acetonitril- e; or the compounds [0184] M.UN.14a) 1-[(6-Chloro-3-pyridinyl)methyl]-1,2,3,5,6,7-hexahydro-5-methoxy-7-methyl- -8-nitro-imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine; or [0185] M.UN.14b) 1-[(6-Chloropyridin-3-yl)methyl]-7-methyl-8-nitro-1,2,3,5,6,7-hexahydroim- idazo[1,2-a]pyridin-5-ol; or the compound [0186] M.UN.15: 1-[(2-Chloro-1,3-thiazol-5-yl)methyl]-3-(3,5-dichlorophenyl)-9-methyl-4-o- xo-4H-pyrido[1,2-a]pyrimidin-1-ium-2-olate. [0187] M.Y Biopesticides, being pesticidal compounds of biological origin with insecticidal, acaricidal, molluscidal and/or nematicidal activity, including [0188] M.Y-1: Microbial pesticides: Bacillus firmus, B. thuringiensis ssp. israelensis, B. t. ssp. galleriae, B. t. ssp. kurstaki, Beauveria bassiana, Burkholderia sp., Chromobacterium subtsugae, Cydia pomonella granulosis virus, Isaria fumosorosea, Lecanicillium longisporum, L. muscarium (formerly Verticillium lecanii), Metarhizium anisopliae, M. anisopliae var. acridum, Paecilomyces fumosoroseus, P. lilacinus, Paenibacillus poppiliae, Pasteuria spp., P. nishizawae, P. reneformis, P. usagae, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Steinernema feltiae, Streptomces galbus; [0189] or actives on basis of bacillus firmus (Votivo, 1-1582), or [0190] M.Y-2 Biochemical pesticides: L-carvone, citral, (E,Z)-7,9-dodecadien-1-yl acetate, ethyl formate, (E,Z)-2,4-ethyl decadienoate (pear ester), (Z,Z,E)-7,11,13-hexadecatrienal, heptyl butyrate, isopropyl myristate, lavanulyl senecioate, 2-methyl 1-butanol, methyl eugenol, methyl jasmonate, (E,Z)-2,13-octadecadien-1-ol, (E,Z)-2,13-octadecadien-1-ol acetate, (E,Z)-3,13-octadecadien-1-ol, R-1-octen-3-ol, pentatermanone, potassium silicate, sorbitol actanoate, (E,Z,Z)-3,8,11-tetradecatrienyl acetate, (Z,E)-9,12-tetradecadien-1-yl acetate, Z-7-tetradecen-2-one, Z-9-tetradecen-1-yl acetate, Z-11-tetradecenal, Z-11-tetradecen-1-ol, Acacia negra extract, extract of grapefruit seeds and pulp, extract of Chenopodium ambrosiodae, Catnip oil, Neem oil, Quillay extract, Tagetes oil or components of the ginkgo tree selected from the group consisting of bilobalide, ginkgolide A, ginkgolide B, ginkgolide C, ginkgolide J and ginkgolide M;

[0191] Moreover, the present invention further includes mixtures comprising more than one additional insecticidal active compound III selected from group M.

[0192] Moreover, the present invention further includes mixtures comprising more two, three or four fungicidal active compound II selected from group F and one or more additional insecticidal active compound III selected from group M.

[0193] Furthermore, the present invention relates to: [0194] agricultural compositions comprising a mixture of at least one active compound I and at least one active compound II, optionally one further active compound III; [0195] the use of a mixture of at least one active compound I and at least one active compound II (and optionally one further active compound III) for combating animal pests; [0196] the use of a mixture of at least one active compound I and at least one active compound II (and optionally one further active compound III) for combating phytopathogenic harmful fungi; [0197] a method of combating animal pests which comprises contacting the animal pests, their habit, breeding ground, food supply, plant, seed, soil, area, material or environment in which the animal pests are growing or may grow, or the materials, plants, seeds, soils, surfaces or spaces to be protected from animal attack or infestation with a pesticidally effective amount of a mixture of at least one active compound I and at least one active compound II (and optionally one further active compound III); [0198] a method for protecting crops from attack or infestation by animal pests and/or phythopathogenic harmful fungi, which comprises contacting a crop with a mixture of at least one active compound I and at least one active compound II (and optionally one further active compound III); [0199] a method for the protection of seeds from soil insects and of the seedlings' roots and shoots from soil and foliar insects and/or phythopathogenic harmful fungi comprising contacting the seeds before sowing and/or after pregermination with a mixture of at least one active compound I and at least one active compound II (and optionally one further active compound III); and [0200] seeds comprising a mixture of at least one active compound I and at least one active compound II (and optionally one further active compound III).

Compound I

[0201] Carboxamide derivatives showing generally pesticidal activity have been described previously. WO200573165 and WO2010018714 describe carboxamide compounds, their preparation and their use as pest control agents. WO2007013150, JP2011-157294, JP2011-157295 and JP2011-157296 describe mixtures of carboxamides with other active ingredients. Preparation of the compound of formula I can further be accomplished according to standard methods of organic chemistry, e.g. by the methods or working examples described in WO 2010/018857 without being limited to the routes given therein.

[0202] The prior art does not disclose agricultural mixtures comprising such selective carboxamide compound according to the present invention in combination with other agriculturally active compounds showing unexpected and synergistic effects with regard to fungicidal and/or insecticidal activity.

[0203] The compound I of formula (I) includes its tautomers, racemic mixtures, individual pure enantiomers and diasteroemers and the optically active mixtures.

Compounds II

[0204] The active compounds II mentioned above of groups F.I to F.XI are funicidal active pesticides of chemical nature described by common names. Their preparation and their activity against pests is known (cf.: http://www.alanwood.net/pesticides/); these pesticides are often commercially available.

[0205] The funicidal pesticides described by IUPAC nomenclature, their preparation and their pesticidal activity is also known (cf. Can. J. Plant Sci. 48(6), 587-94, 1968; EP-A 141 317; EP-A 152 031; EP-A 226 917; EP-A 243 970; EP-A 256 503; EP-A 428 941; EP-A 532 022; EP-A 1 028 125; EP-A 1 035 122; EP-A 1 201 648; EP-A 1 122 244, JP 2002316902; DE 19650197; DE 10021412; DE 102005009458; U.S. Pat. No. 3,296,272; U.S. Pat. No. 3,325,503; WO 98/46608; WO 99/14187; WO 99/24413; WO 99/27783; WO 00/29404; WO 00/46148; WO 00/65913; WO 01/54501; WO 01/56358; WO 02/22583; WO 02/40431; WO 03/10149; WO 03/11853; WO 03/14103; WO 03/16286; WO 03/53145; WO 03/61388; WO 03/66609; WO 03/74491; WO 04/49804; WO 04/83193; WO 05/120234; WO 05/123689; WO 05/123690; WO 05/63721; WO 05/87772; WO 05/87773; WO 06/15866; WO 06/87325; WO 06/87343; WO 07/82098; WO 07/90624, WO 11/028657, WO2012/168188, WO 2007/006670, WO 11/77514; WO13/047749, WO 10/069882, WO 13/047441, WO 03/16303, WO 09/90181, WO 13/007767, WO 13/010862, WO 13/024009 and WO 13/024010).

Biopesticides (as Compound II or Compound III)

[0206] The biopesticides from group M.Y or F.XII, their preparation and their pesticidal activity e.g. against harmful fungi or insects are known (e-Pesticide Manual V 5.2 (ISBN 978 1 901396 85 0) (2008-2011); http://www.epa.gov/opp00001/biopesticides/, see product lists therein; http://www.omri.org/omri-lists, see lists therein; Bio-Pesticides Database BPDB http://sitem.herts.ac.uk/aeru/bpdb/, see A to Z link therein).

[0207] The biopesticides from group II.M.Y or F.XII. may also have insecticidal, fungicidal, acaricidal, molluscidal, viricidal, bactericidal, pheromone, nematicidal, plant defense activator, plant stress reducing, plant growth regulator, plant growth promoting, plant growth regulator and/or yield enhancing activity.

[0208] Many of these biopesticides are registered and/or are commercially available: aluminium silicate (Screen.TM. Duo from Certis LLC, USA), Agrobacterium radio-bacter K1026 (e.g. NoGall.RTM. from Becker Underwood Pty Ltd., Australia), A. radiobacter K84 (Nature 280, 697-699, 1979; e.g. GallTroll.RTM. from AG Biochem, Inc., C, USA), Ampelomyces quisqualis M-10 (e.g. AQ 10.RTM. from Intrachem Bio GmbH & Co. KG, Germany), Ascophyllum nodosum (Norwegian kelp, Brown kelp) extract or filtrate (e.g. ORKA GOLD from Becker Underwood, South Africa; or Goemar.RTM. from Laboratoires Goemar, France), Aspergillus flavus NRRL 21882 isolated from a peanut in Georgia in 1991 by the USDA, National Peanut Research Laboratory (e.g. in Afla-Guard.RTM. from Syngenta, CH), mixtures of Aureobasidium pullulans DSM14940 and DSM 14941 (e.g. blasto-spores in BlossomProtect.RTM. from bio-ferm GmbH, Germany), Azospirillum brasilense XOH (e.g. AZOS from Xtreme Gardening, USA or RTI Reforestation Technologies International; USA), Bacillus amyloliquefaciens FZB42 (e.g. in RhizoVital.RTM. 42 from AbiTEP GmbH, Berlin, Germany), B. amyloliquefaciens IN937a (J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 17(2), 280-286, 2007; e.g. in BioYield.RTM. from Gustafson LLC, TX, USA), B. amyloliquefaciens IT-45 (CNCM 1-3800) (e.g. Rhizocell C from ITHEC, France), B. amyloliquefaciens subsp. plantarum M BI600 (NRRL B-50595, deposited at United States Department of Agriculture) (e.g. Integral.RTM., Subtilex.RTM. NG from Becker Underwood, USA), B. cereus CNCM 1-1562 (U.S. Pat. No. 6,406,690), B. firmus CNCM 1-1582 (WO 2009/126473, WO 2009/124707, U.S. Pat. No. 6,406,690; Votivo.RTM. from Bayer Crop Science LP, USA), B. pumilus GB34 (ATCC 700814; e.g. in YieldShield.RTM. from Gustafson LLC, TX, USA), and Bacillus pumilus KFP9F (NRRL B-50754) (e.g. in BAC-UP or FUSION-P from Becker Underwood South Africa), B. pumilus QST 2808 (NRRL B-30087) (e.g. Sonata.RTM. and Ballad.RTM. Plus from AgraQuest Inc., USA), B. subtilis GB03 (e.g. Kodiak.RTM. or BioYield.RTM. from Gustafson, Inc., USA; or Companion.RTM. from Growth Products, Ltd., White Plains, N.Y. 10603, USA), B. subtilis GB07 (Epic.RTM. from Gustafson, Inc., USA), B. subtilis QST-713 (NRRL B-21661 in Rhapsody.RTM., Serenade.RTM. MAX and Serenade.RTM. ASO from AgraQuest Inc., USA), B. subtilis var. amylolique-faciens FZB24 (e.g. Taegro.RTM. from Novozyme Biologicals, Inc., USA), B. subtilis var. amyloliquefaciens D747 (e.g. Double Nickel 55 from Certis LLC, USA), B. thuringiensis ssp. aizawai ABTS-1857 (e.g. in Xen-Tani.RTM. from BioFa AG, Munsingen, Germany), B. t. ssp. aizawai SAN 401 I, ABG-6305 and ABG-6346, Bacillus t. ssp. israelensis AM65-52 (e.g. in VectoBac.RTM. from Valent BioSciences, IL, USA), Bacillus thuringiensis ssp. kurstaki SB4 (NRRL B-50753; e.g. Beta Pro.RTM. from Becker Underwood, South Africa), B. t. ssp. kurstaki ABTS-351 identical to HD-1 (ATCC SD-1275; e.g. in Dipel.RTM. DF from Valent BioSciences, IL, USA), B. t. ssp. kurstaki EG 2348 (e.g. in Lepinox.RTM. or Rapax.RTM. from CBC (Europe) S.r.I., Italy), B. t. ssp. tenebrionis DSM 2803 (EP 0 585 215 B1; identical to NRRL B-15939; Mycogen Corp.), B. t. ssp. tenebrionis NB-125 (DSM 5526; EP 0 585 215 B1; also referred to as SAN 4181 or ABG-6479; former production strain of Novo-Nordisk), B. t. ssp. tenebrionis NB-176 (or NB-176-1) a gamma-irridated, induced high-yielding mutant of strain NB-125 (DSM 5480; EP 585 215 B1; Novodor.RTM. from Valent BioSciences, Switzerland), Beauveria bassiana ATCC 74040 (e.g. in Naturalis.RTM. from CBC (Europe) S.r.I., Italy), B. bassiana DSM 12256 (US 200020031495; e.g. BioExpert.RTM. SC from Live Sytems Technology S.A., Colombia), B. bassiana GHA (BotaniGard.RTM. 22WGP from Laverlam Int. Corp., USA), B. bassiana PPRI 5339 (ARSEF number 5339 in the USDA ARS collection of entomopathogenic fungal cultures; NRRL 50757) (e.g. BroadBand.RTM. from Becker Underwood, South Africa), B. brongniartii (e.g. in Melocont.RTM. from Agrifutur, Agrianello, Italy, for control of cockchafer; J. Appl. Microbiol. 100(5),1063-72, 2006), Bradyrhizobium sp. (e.g. Vault.RTM. from Becker Underwood, USA), B. japonicum (e.g. VAULT.RTM. from Becker Underwood, USA), Candida oleophila 1-182 (NRRL Y-18846; e.g. Aspire.RTM. from Ecogen Inc., USA, Phytoparasitica 23(3), 231-234, 1995), C. oleophila strain O (NRRL Y-2317; Biological Control 51, 403-408, 2009), Candida saitoana (e.g. Biocure.RTM. (in mixture with lysozyme) and BioCoat.RTM. from Micro Flo Company, USA (BASF SE) and Arysta), Chitosan (e.g. Armour-Zen.RTM. from BotriZen Ltd., NZ), Clonostachys rosea f. catenulata, also named Gliocladium catenulatum (e.g. isolate J 1446: Prestop.RTM. from Verdera Oy, Finland), Chromobacterium subtsugae PRAA4-1 isolated from soil under an eastern hem-lock (Tsuga canadensis) in the Catoctin Mountain region of central Maryland (e.g. in GRANDE-VO from Marrone Bio Innovations, USA), Coniothyrium minitans CON/M/91-08 (e.g. Contans.RTM. WG from Prophyta, Germany), Cryphonectria parasitica (e.g. Endothia parasitica from CNICM, France), Cryptococcus albidus (e.g. YIELD PLUS.RTM. from Anchor Bio-Technologies, South Africa), Cryptophlebia leucotreta granulovirus (CrIeGV) (e.g. in CRYPTEX from Adermatt Biocontrol, Switzerland), Cydia pomonella granulovirus (CpGV) V03 (DSM GV-0006; e.g. in MADEX Max from Andermatt Biocontrol, Switzerland), CpGV V22 (DSM GV-0014; e.g. in MADEX Twin from Adermatt Biocontrol, Switzerland), Delftia acidovorans RAY209 (ATCC PTA-4249; WO 2003/57861; e.g. in BIOBOOST from Brett Young, Winnipeg, Canada), Dilophosphora alopecuri (Twist Fungus from Becker Underwood, Australia), Ecklonia maxima (kelp) extract (e.g. KEL-PAK SL from Kelp Products Ltd, South Africa), formononetin (e.g. in MYCONATE from Plant Health Care plc, U.K.), Fusarium oxysporum (e.g. BIOFOX.RTM. from S.I.A.P.A., Italy, FUSAC-LEAN.RTM. from Natural Plant Protection, France), Glomus intraradices (e.g. MYC 4000 from ITHEC, France), Glomus intraradices RTI-801 (e.g. MYKOS from Xtreme Gardening, USA or RTI Reforestation Technologies International; USA), grapefruit seeds and pulp extract (e.g. BC-1000 from Chemie S.A., Chile), harpin (alpha-beta) protein (e.g. MESSENGER or HARP-N-Tek from Plant Health Care plc, U.K.; Science 257, 1-132, 1992), Heterorhabditis bacteriophaga (e.g. Nemasys.RTM. G from Becker Underwood Ltd., UK), Isaria fumosorosea Apopka-97 (ATCC 20874) (PFR-97.TM. from Certis LLC, USA), cis-jasmone (U.S. Pat. No. 8,221,736), laminarin (e.g. in VAC-CIPLANT from Laboratoires Goemar, St. Malo, France or Stahler SA, Switzerland), Lecanicillium longisporum KV42 and KV71 (e.g. VERTALEC.RTM. from Koppert BV, Netherlands), L. muscariumKV01 (formerly Verticillium lecanii) (e.g. MYCOTAL from Koppert BV, Netherlands), Lysobacter antibioticus 13-1 (Biological Control 45, 288-296, 2008), L. antibioticus HS124 (Curr. Microbiol. 59(6), 608-615, 2009), L. enzymogenes 3.1T8 (Microbiol. Res. 158, 107-115; Biological Control 31(2), 145-154, 2004), Metarhizium anisopliae var. acridum IMI 330189 (isolated from Ornithacris cavroisi in Niger; also NRRL 50758) (e.g. GREEN MUSCLE.RTM. from Becker Underwood, South Africa), M. a. var. acridum FI-985 (e.g. GREEN GUARD.RTM. SC from Becker Underwood Pty Ltd, Australia), M. anisopliae FI-1045 (e.g. BIOCANE.RTM. from Becker Underwood Pty Ltd, Australia), M. anisopliae F52 (DSM 3884, ATCC 90448; e.g. MET52.RTM. Novozymes Biologicals BioAg Group, Canada), M. anisopliae ICIPE 69 (e.g. METATHRIPOL from ICIPE, Nairobe, Kenya), Metschnikowia fructicola (NRRL Y-30752; e.g. SHEMER.RTM. from Agrogreen, Israel, now distributed by Bayer CropSciences, Germany; U.S. Pat. No. 6,994,849), Microdochium dimerum (e.g. ANTIBOT.RTM. from Agrauxine, France), Microsphaeropsis ochracea P130A (ATCC 74412 isolated from apple leaves from an abandoned orchard, St-Joseph-du-Lac, Quebec, Canada in 1993; Mycologia 94(2), 297-301, 2002), Muscodor albus QST 20799 originally isolated from the bark of a cinnamon tree in Honduras (e.g. in development products Muscudor.TM. or QRD300 from AgraQuest, USA), Neem oil (e.g. TRILOGY.RTM., TRIACT.RTM. 70 EC from Certis LLC, USA), Nomu-raea rileyi strains SA86101, GU87401, SR86151, CG128 and VA9101, Paecilomyces fumosoroseus FE 9901 (e.g. NO FLY.TM. from Natural Industries, Inc., USA), P. lilacinus 251 (e.g. in BioAct.RTM./MeloCon.RTM. from Prophyta, Germany; Crop Protection 27, 352-361, 2008; originally isolated from infected nematode eggs in the Philippines), P. lilacinus DSM 15169 (e.g. NEMATA.RTM. SC from Live Systems Technology S.A., Colombia), P. lilacinus BCP2 (NRRL 50756; e.g. PL GOLD from Becker Underwood BioAg SA Ltd, South Africa), mixture of Paenibacillus alvei NAS6G6 (NRRL B-50755), Pantoea vagans (formerly agglomerans) C9-1 (originally isolated in 1994 from apple stem tissue; BlightBan C9-1.RTM. from NuFrams America Inc., USA, for control of fire blight in apple; J. Bacteriol. 192(24) 6486-6487, 2010), Pasteuria spp. ATCC PTA-9643 (WO 2010/085795), Pasteuria spp. ATCC SD-5832 (WO 2012/064527), P. nishizawae (WO 2010/80169), P. penetrans (U.S. Pat. No. 5,248,500), P. ramose (WO 2010/80619), P. thornea (WO 2010/80169), P. usgae (WO 2010/80169), Penicillium bilaiae (e.g. Jump Start.RTM. from Novozymes Biologicals BioAg Group, Canada, originally isolated from soil in southern Alberta; Fertilizer Res. 39, 97-103, 1994), Phlebiopsis gigantea (e.g. RotStop.RTM. from Verdera Oy, Finland), Pichia anomala WRL-076 (NRRL Y-30842; U.S. Pat. No. 8,206,972), potassium bicarbonate (e.g. Ami-carb.RTM. fromm Stahler SA, Switzerland), potassium silicate (e.g. Sil-MATRIX.TM. from Certis LLC, USA), Pseudozyma flocculosa PF-A22 UL (e.g. Sporodex.RTM. from Plant Products Co. Ltd., Canada), Pseudomonas sp. DSM 13134 (WO 2001/40441, e.g. in PRORADIX from Sourcon Pade-na GmbH & Co. KG, Hechinger Str. 262, 72072 Tubingen, Germany), P. chloraphis MA 342 (e.g. in CERALL or CEDEMON from BioAgri AB, Uppsala, Sweden), P. fluorescens CL 145A (e.g. in ZEQUANOX from Marrone Biolnnovations, Davis, Calif., USA; J. Invertebr. Pathol. 113(1):104-14, 2013), Pythium oligandrum DV 74 (ATCC 38472; e.g. POLYVERSUM.RTM. from Remeslo SSRO, Biopreparaty, Czech Rep. and GOWAN, USA; US 2013/0035230), Reynoutria sachlinensis extract (e.g. REGALIA.RTM. SC from Marrone Biolnnovations, Davis, Calif., USA), Rhi-zobium leguminosarum bv. phaseolii (e.g. RHIZO-STICK from Becker Underwood, USA), R. I. trifolii RP113-7 (e.g. DORMAL from Becker Underwood, USA; Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 44(5), 1096-1101), R. I. bv. viciae P1NP3Cst (also referred to as 1435; New Phytol 179(1), 224-235, 2008; e.g. in NODULATOR PL Peat Granule from Becker Underwood, USA; or in NODULATOR XL PL bfrom Becker Underwood, Canada), R. I. bv. viciae SU303 (e.g. NODU LAID Group E from Becker Underwood, Australia), R. I. bv. viciae WSM1455 (e.g. NODULAID Group F from Becker Underwood, Australia), R. tropici SEMIA 4080 (identical to PRF 81; Soil Biology & Biochemistry 39, 867-876, 2007), Sinorhizobium meliloti MSDJ0848 (INRA, France) also referred to as strain 2011 or RCR2011 (Mol Gen Genomics (2004) 272: 1-17; e.g. DORMAL ALFALFA from Becker Underwood, USA; NITRAGIN.RTM. Gold from Novozymes Biologicals BioAg Group, Canada), Sphaerodes mycoparasitica IDAC 301008-01 (WO 2011/022809), Steinernema car-pocapsae (e.g. MILLENIUM.RTM. from Becker Underwood Ltd., UK), S. feltiae (NEMASHIELD.RTM. from BioWorks, Inc., USA; NEMASYS.RTM. from Becker Underwood Ltd., UK), S. kraussei L137 (NEMASYS.RTM. L from Becker Underwood Ltd., UK), Streptomyces griseoviridis K61 (e.g. MY-COSTOP.RTM. from Verdera Oy, Espoo, Finland; Crop Protection 25, 468-475, 2006), S. lydicus WYEC 108 (e.g. Actinovate.RTM. from Natural Industries, Inc., USA, U.S. Pat. No. 5,403,584), S. violaceusniger YCED-9 (e.g. DT-9.RTM. from Natural Industries, Inc., USA, U.S. Pat. No. 5,968,503), Talaromyces flavus V117b (e.g. PROTUS.RTM. from Prophyta, Germany), Trichoderma asperellum SKT-1 (e.g. ECO-HOPE.RTM. from Kumiai Chemical Industry Co., Ltd., Japan), T. asperellum ICC 012 (e.g. in TENET WP, REMDIER WP, BIOTEN WP from Isagro N.C., USA, BIO-TAM from AgraQuest, USA), T. atroviride LC52 (e.g. SENTINEL.RTM. from Agrimm Technologies Ltd, NZ), T. atroviride CNCM 1-1237 (e.g. in Esquive WG from Agrauxine S.A., France, e.g. against pruning wound diseases on vine and plant root pathogens), T. fertile JM41R (NRRL 50759; e.g. RICHPLUS.TM. from Becker Underwood Bio Ag SA Ltd, South Africa), T. gamsii ICC 080 (e.g. in TENET WP, REMDIER WP, BIOTEN WP from Isagro N.C., USA, BIO-TAM from AgraQuest, USA), T. harzianum T-22 (e.g. PLANTSHIELD.RTM. der Firma BioWorks Inc., USA), T. harzianum TH 35 (e.g. ROOT PRO.RTM. from Mycontrol Ltd., Israel), T. harzianum T-39 (e.g. TRICHODEX.RTM. and TRICHODERMA 2000.RTM. from Mycontrol Ltd., Israel and Makhteshim Ltd., Israel), T. harzianum and T. viride (e.g. TRICHOPEL from Agrimm Technologies Ltd, NZ), T. harzianum ICC012 and T. viride ICC080 (e.g. REMEDIER.RTM. WP from Isagro Ricerca, Italy), T. polysporum and T. harzianum (e.g. BINAB.RTM. from BINAB Bio-Innovation AB, Sweden), T. stromaticum (e.g. TRICOVAB.RTM. from C.E.P.L.A.C., Brazil), T. virens GL-21 (also named Gliocladium virens) (e.g. SOILGARD.RTM. from Certis LLC, USA), T. viride (e.g. TRIECO.RTM. from Ecosense Labs. (India) Pvt. Ltd., Indien, BIO-CURE.RTM. F from T. Stanes & Co. Ltd., Indien), T. viride TV1 (e.g. T. viride TV1 from Agribiotec srl, Italy) and Ulocladium oudemansii HRU3 (e.g. in BOTRY-ZEN.RTM. from Botry-Zen Ltd, NZ).

[0209] Strains can be sourced from genetic resource and deposition centers: American Type Culture Collection, 10801 University Blvd., Manassas, Va. 20110-2209, USA (strains with ATCC prefic); CABI Europe--International Mycological Institute, Bakeham Lane, Egham, Surrey, TW20 9TYNRRL, UK (strains with prefices CABI and IMI); Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures, Fungal Biodiversity Centre, Uppsalaan 8, PO Box 85167, 3508 AD Utrecht, Netherlands (strains with prefic CBS); Division of Plant Industry, CSIRO, Canberra, Australia (strains with prefix CC); Collection Nationale de Cultures de Microorganismes, Institut Pasteur, 25 rue du Docteur Roux, F-75724 PARIS Cedex 15 (strains with prefix CNCM); Leibniz-lnstitut DSMZ-Deutsche Sammlung von Mikroorganismen and Zellkulturen GmbH, InhoffenstraRe 7 B, 38124 Braun-schweig, Germany (strains with prefix DSM); International Depositary Authority of Canada Collection, Canada (strains with prefix IDAC); International Collection of Micro-organisms from Plants, Landcare Research, Private Bag 92170, Auckland Mail Centre, Auckland 1142, New Zealand (strans with prefix ICMP); IITA, PMB 5320, Ibadan, Nigeria (strains with prefix IITA); The National Collections of Industrial and Marine Bacteria Ltd., Torry Research Station, P.O. Box 31, 135 Abbey Road, Aberdeen, AB98DG, Scotland (strains with prefix NCIMB); ARS Culture Collection of the National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 1815 North University Street, Peoria, Ill. 61604, USA (strains with prefix NRRL); Department of Scientific and Industrial Research Culture Collection, Applied Biochemistry Division, Palmerston North, New Zealand (strains with prefix NZP); FEPAGRO-Fundacao Estadual de Pesquisa Agropecuaria, Rua Goncalves Dias, 570, Bairro Menino Deus, Porto Alegre/RS, Brazil (strains with prefix SEMIA); SARDI, Adelaide, South Australia (strains with prefix SRDI); U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Soybean and Alfalfa Research Laboratory, BARC-West, 10300 Baltimore Boulevard, Building 011, Room 19-9, Beltsville, Md. 20705, USA (strains with prefix USDA: Beltsville Rhi-zobium Culture Collection Catalog March 1987 USDA-ARS ARS-30: http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PNAAW891.pdf); and Murdoch University, Perth, Western Australia (strains with prefix WSM). Further strains may be found at the Global catalogue of Microorganisms: http://gcm.wfcc.info/ and http://www.landcareresearch.co.nz/resources/collections/icmp and further references to strain collections and their prefixes at http://refs.wdcm.org/collections.htm. Bacillus amyloliquefaciens subsp. plantarum MBI600 (NRRL B-50595) is deposited under accession number NRRL B-50595 with the strain designation Bacillus subtilis 1430 (and identical to NCIMB 1237). Recently, MBI 600 has been re-classified as Bacillus amyloliquefaciens subsp. plantarum based on polyphasic testing which combines classical microbiological methods rely-ing on a mixture of traditional tools (such as culture-based methods) and molecular tools (such as genotyping and fatty acids analysis). Thus, Bacillus subtilis MBI600 (or MBI 600 or MBI-600) is identical to Bacillus amyloliquefaciens subsp. plantarum MBI600, formerly Bacillus subtilis MBI600. Bacillus amyloliquefaciens MBI600 is known as plant growth-promoting rice seed treatment from Int. J. Microbiol. Res. 3(2) (2011), 120-130 and further described e.g. in US 2012/0149571 A1. This strain M B1600 is e.g. commercially available as liquid formulation product INTEGRAL.RTM. (Becker-Underwood Inc., USA).

[0210] Bacillus subtilis strain FB17 was originally isolated from red beet roots in North America (System Appl. Microbiol 27 (2004) 372-379). This B. subtilis strain promotes plant health (US 2010/0260735 A1; WO 2011/109395 A2). B. subtilis FB17 has also been deposited at ATCC under number PTA-11857 on Apr. 26, 2011. Bacillus subtilis strain FB17 may be referred else-where to as UD1022 or UD10-22.

[0211] Bacillus amyloliquefaciens AP-136 (NRRL B-50614), B. amyloliquefaciens AP-188 (NRRL B-50615), B. amyloliquefaciens AP-218 (NRRL B-50618), B. amyloliquefaciens AP-219 (NRRL B-50619), B. amyloliquefaciens AP-295 (NRRL B-50620), B. japonicum SEMIA 5079 (e.g. Gelfix 5 or Adhere 60 from Nitral Urbana Laboratories, Brazil, a BASF Company), B. japonicum SEMIA 5080 (e.g. GELFIX 5 or ADHERE 60 from Nitral Urbana Laboratories, Brazil, a BASF Company), B. mojavensis AP-209 (NRRL B-50616), B. solisalsi AP-217 (NRRL B-50617), B. pumilus strain INR-7 (otherwise referred to as BU-F22 (NRRL B-50153) and BU-F33 (NRRL B-50185)), B. simplex ABU 288 (NRRL B-50340) and B. amyloliquefaciens subsp. plantarum M BI600 (NRRL B-50595) have been mentioned i.a. in US patent appl. 20120149571, U.S. Pat. No. 8,445,255, WO 2012/079073. Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA 3 is known from U.S. Pat. No. 7,262,151. Jasmonic acid or salts (jasmonates) or derivatives include without limitation potassium jasmonate, sodium jasmonate, lithium jasmonate, ammonium jasmonate, dimethyl-ammonium jasmonate, isopropylammonium jasmonate, diolammonium jasmonate, diethtriethanolammonium jasmonate, jasmonic acid methyl ester, jasmonic acid amide, jasmonic acid methylamide, jasmonic acid-L-amino acid (amide-linked) conjugates (e.g., conjugates with L-isoleucine, L-valine, L-leucine, or L-phenylalanine), 12-oxo-phytodienoic acid, coronatine, coronafacoyl-L-serine, coronafacoyl-L-threonine, methyl esters of 1-oxo-indanoyl-isoleucine, methyl esters of 1-oxo-indanoyl-leucine, coronalon (2-[(6-ethyl-1-oxo-indane-4-carbonyl)-amino]-3-methyl-pentanoic acid methyl ester), linoleic acid or derivatives thereof and cis-jasmone, or combinations of any of the above.

[0212] Bilobalide and the ginkgolides are known components of the ginkgo tree. Bilobalide is the common name for (3aS,5aR,8aS,9R,10aR)-9-tert-butyl-8,9-dihydroxydihydro-9H-furo[2,3-b]fur- o[3',2';2,3]cyclopenta[1,2-c]furan-2,4,7(3H,8H)-trione (CAS 33570-04-6) and the following ginkgolides Ginkgolide (CAS 15291-75-5), Ginkgolide B (CAS 15291-77-7), Ginkgolide C (15291-76-6), Ginkgolide J (15291-79-9), Ginkgolide M (15291-78-8) have also been previously described and recorded. The compounds are commercially available, or can be obtained, preferably from ginkgo leaves by methods known in the art and described e.g. in U.S. Pat. No. 5,700,468, EP-A 360 556, EP-A 0 431 535 and JP-A 09-110713. Further, the compounds Bilobalide (in enantiopure form), Ginkgolide A (in its racemic form) and Ginkgolide B (in its racemic form) can be obtained by chemical synthesis, as disclosed e.g. in Tetrahedron Letters (1988), 29(28), 3423-6, Tetrahedron Letters (1988), 29(26), 3205-6 and Journal of the American Chemical Society (2000), 122(35), 8453-8463, respectively.

Compound III

[0213] The commercially available compounds of the group M listed above may be found in The Pesticide Manual, 15th Edition, C. D. S. Tomlin, British Crop Protection Council (2011) among other publications.

[0214] The neonicotinoid cycloxaprid is known from WO20120/069266 and WO2011/06946, and the neonicotinoid compound M.4A.2, sometimes also to be named as Guadipyr, is known from WO2013/003977, and the neonicotinoid compound M.4A.3. (approved as paichongding in China) is known from WO2010/069266. The Metaflumizone analogue M.22B.1 is described in CN 10171577 and the analogue M.22B.2 in CN102126994. The phthalamides M.28.1 and M.28.2 are both known from WO 2007/101540. The anthranilamide M.28.3 has been described in WO2005/077934. The hydrazide compound M.28.4 has been described in WO 2007/043677. The anthranilamides M.28.5a) to M.28.5h) can be prepared as described in WO 2007/006670, WO2013/024009 and WO2013/024010, the anthranilamide compound M.28.5i) is described in WO2011/085575, the compound M.28.5j) in WO2008/134969, the compound M.28.5k) in US2011/046186 and the compound M.28.5l) in WO2012/034403. The diamide compounds M.28.6 and M.28.7 can be found in CN102613183. The anthranilamide compounds M.28.8a) and M.28.8b) are known from WO2010/069502.

[0215] The quinoline derivative flometoquin is shown in WO2006/013896. The aminofuranone compounds flupyradifurone is known from WO 2007/115644. The sulfoximine compound sulfoxaflor is known from WO2007/149134. From the pyrethroids group momfluorothrin is known from U.S. Pat. No. 6,908,945 and heptafluthrin from WO10133098. The oxadiazolone compound metoxadiazone can be found in JP13/166707. The pyrazole acaricide pyflubumide is known from WO2007/020986. The isoxazoline compounds have been described in following publications: fluralaner in WO2005/085216, afoxolaner in WO2009/002809 and in WO2011/149749 and the isoxazoline compound M.UN.9 in WO2013/050317. The pyripyropene derivative afidopyropen has been described in WO 2006/129714. The nematicide tioxazafen has been disclosed in WO09023721 and nematicide fluopyram in WO2008126922, nematicidal mixtures comprising flupyram in WO2010108616. The triflumezopyrim compound was described in WO2012/092115.

[0216] The spiroketal-substituted cyclic ketoenol derivative M.UN.3 is known from WO2006/089633 and the biphenyl-substituted spirocyclic ketoenol derivative M.UN.4 from WO2008/067911. The triazoylphenylsulfide M.UN.5 has been described in WO2006/043635, and biological control agents on basis of bacillus firmus in WO2009/124707.

[0217] The compounds M.UN.6a) to M.UN.6i) listed under M.UN.6 have been described in WO2012/029672 and compounds M.UN.6j) and M.UN.6k) in WO2013129688. The nematicide compound M.UN.8 in WO2013/055584 and the Pyridalyl-type analogue M.UN.10 in WO2010/060379. The carboxamide compounds M.UN.11.b) to M.UN.11.h) can be prepared as described in WO 2010/018714 and the carboxamide M.UN.11i) to M.UN.11.p) are described WO2010/127926. The pyridylthiazoles M.UN.12.a) to M.UN.12.c) are known from WO2010/006713, M.UN.12.c) and M.UN.12.d) WO2012000896 and M.UN.12.f) to M.UN.12.m) in WO2010129497. The malononitrile compound M.UN.13 was described in WO2009/005110. The compounds M.UN.14a) and M.UN.14b) are known from WO2007/101369. The compound M.UN.15 can be found in WO13192035.

[0218] The biopesticides of group M.Y. are disclosed further above in the paragraphs about biopesticides (from groups M.Y and F.XII).

Mixtures with Biopesticides

[0219] According to one embodiment of the inventive mixtures, at least one biopesticide is selected from the groups F.XII or M.Y.

[0220] According to one embodiment of the inventive mixtures, at least one biopesticide is selected from the groups F.XII.

[0221] According to one embodiment of the inventive mixtures, the at least one biopesticide is selected from group M.Y-1.

[0222] According to one embodiment of the inventive mixtures, the at least one biopesticide is selected from M.Y-2.

Preferences

[0223] Preferred fungicidal active compounds II selected from group F

[0224] With respect to their use in the pesticidal mixtures of the present invention, particular preference is given to the compounds C.II as listed in the paragraphs below.

[0225] With regard to the use in a pesticidal mixture of the present invention, the compound II selected from group F.I.1

[0226] More preferably the compound II is azoxystrobin, fluoxastrobin, picoxystrobin, pyraclostrobin or trifloxystrobin.

[0227] Most preferably the compound II is pyraclostrobin.

[0228] With regard to the use in a pesticidal mixture of the present invention, the compound II selected from group F.I.2

[0229] More preferably the compound II is cyazofamid.

[0230] With regard to the use in a pesticidal mixture of the present invention, the compound II selected from group F.I.3

[0231] More preferably the compound II is bixafen, boscalid, fluopyram, fluxapyroxad, isopyrazam, penflufen, penthiopyrad or sedaxane.

[0232] More preferably the compound II is fluxapyroxad.

[0233] With regard to the use in a pesticidal mixture of the present invention, the compound II selected from group F.I.4

[0234] More preferably the compound II is ametoctradin or silthiofam.

[0235] With regard to the use in a pesticidal mixture of the present invention, the compound II selected from group F.II.1

[0236] More preferably the compound II is difenoconazole, epoxiconazole, fluquinconazole, flusilazole, flutriafol, ipconazole, metconazole, prothioconazole, tebuconazole, triticonazole or prochloraz. More preferably the compound II is selected from the group consisting of 2-[2-chloro-4-(4-chlorophenoxy)phenyl]-1 (1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)pentan-2-ol, 1-[4-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1 cyclopropyl-2-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)ethanol, 2-[4-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)b- utan-2-ol, 2-[2-chloro-4-(4-chlorophenoxy)phenyl]-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)bu- tan-2-ol, 2-[4-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-3-methyl-1-(1,- 2,4-triazol-1-yl)butan-2-ol, 2-[4-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)p- ropan-2-ol, 2-[2-chloro-4-(4-chlorophenoxy)phenyl]-3-methyl-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)but- an-2-ol, 2-[4-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1-(1,2,4-triazo- l-1-yl)pentan-2-ol or 2-[4-(4-fluorophenoxy)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)p- ropan-2-ol.

[0237] Most preferably the compound II is 2-[2-chloro-4-(4-chlorophenoxy)phenyl]-1 (1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)pentan-2-ol.

[0238] Most preferably the compound II is 1-[4-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1 cyclopropyl-2-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)ethanol

[0239] Most preferably the compound II is 2-[4-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)b- utan-2-ol

[0240] Most preferably the compound II is 2-[2-chloro-4-(4-chlorophenoxy)phenyl]-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)butan-2-ol

[0241] Most preferably the compound II is 2-[4-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-3-methyl-1-(1,2,4-triaz- ol-1-yl)butan-2-ol.

[0242] Most preferably the compound II is 2-[4-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)p- ropan-2-ol.

[0243] Most preferably the compound II is 2-[2-chloro-4-(4-chlorophenoxy)phenyl]-3-methyl-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)but- an-2-ol.

[0244] Most preferably the compound II is 2-[4-(4-chlorophenoxy)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)p- entan-2-ol.

[0245] Most preferably the compound II is 2-[4-(4-fluorophenoxy)-2-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-1-(1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)p- ropan-2-ol.

[0246] With regard to the use in a pesticidal mixture of the present invention, the compound II selected from group F.II.2

[0247] With regard to the use in a pesticidal mixture of the present invention, the compound II selected from group F.III.1

[0248] More preferably the compound II is metalaxyl and mefenoxam (metalaxyl-M).

[0249] With regard to the use in a pesticidal mixture of the present invention, the compound II selected from group F.III.2

[0250] With regard to the use in a pesticidal mixture of the present invention, the compound II selected from group F.IV.1

[0251] More preferably the compound II is benomyl, carbendazim, and thiophanate-methyl.

[0252] With regard to the use in a pesticidal mixture of the present invention, the compound II selected from group F.IV.2

[0253] More preferably the compound II is ethaboxam, fluopicolide or pyriofenone.

[0254] With regard to the use in a pesticidal mixture of the present invention, the compound II selected from group F.V.1

[0255] With regard to the use in a pesticidal mixture of the present invention, the compound II selected from group F.V.2

[0256] With regard to the use in a pesticidal mixture of the present invention, the compound II selected from group F.VI.1

[0257] With regard to the use in a pesticidal mixture of the present invention, the compound II selected from group F.VI.2

[0258] With regard to the use in a pesticidal mixture of the present invention, the compound II selected from group F.VII.1

[0259] With regard to the use in a pesticidal mixture of the present invention, the compound II selected from group F.VII.2

[0260] With regard to the use in a pesticidal mixture of the present invention, the compound II selected from group F.VII.3

[0261] More preferably the compound II is dimethomorph.

[0262] With regard to the use in a pesticidal mixture of the present invention, the compound II selected from group F.VII.4

[0263] With regard to the use in a pesticidal mixture of the present invention, the compound II selected from group F.VIII.1

[0264] More preferably the compound II is sulfur.

[0265] More preferably the compound II is a copper salt selected from copper acetate, copper hydroxide, copper oxychloride or basic copper sulfate.

[0266] With regard to the use in a pesticidal mixture of the present invention, the compound II selected from group F.VIII.2

[0267] More preferably the compound II is mancozeb, metiram or propineb.

[0268] With regard to the use in a pesticidal mixture of the present invention, the compound II selected from group F.VIII.3

[0269] More preferably the compound II is chlorothalonil.

[0270] With regard to the use in a pesticidal mixture of the present invention, the compound II selected from group F.VIII.4

[0271] With regard to the use in a pesticidal mixture of the present invention, the compound II selected from group F.IX)

[0272] With regard to the use in a pesticidal mixture of the present invention, the compound II selected from group F.X).

[0273] More preferably the compound II is phosphorous acid or its salts.

[0274] With regard to the use in a pesticidal mixture of the present invention, the compound II selected from group F.XI).

[0275] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing azoxystrobin as compound II.

[0276] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing fluoxastrobin as compound II.

[0277] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing picoxystrobin as compound II.

[0278] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing pyraclostrobin as compound II.

[0279] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing trifloxystrobin as compound II.

[0280] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing cyazofamid as compound II.

[0281] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing bixafen as compound II.

[0282] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing boscalid as compound II.

[0283] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing fluopyram as compound II.

[0284] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing fluxapyroxad as compound II.

[0285] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing isopyrazam as compound II.

[0286] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing penflufen as compound II.

[0287] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing penthiopyrad as compound II.

[0288] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing sedaxane as compound II.

[0289] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing ametoctradin as compound II.

[0290] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing oxathiapiprolin as compound II. Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing epoxiconazole as compound II.

[0291] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing difenoconazole as compound II.

[0292] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing fluquinconazole as compound II.

[0293] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing flutriafol as compound II.

[0294] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing flusilazole as compound II.

[0295] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing ipconazole as compound II.

[0296] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing metconazole as compound II.

[0297] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing prothioconazole as compound II.

[0298] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing tebuconazole as compound II.

[0299] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing triticonazole as compound II.

[0300] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing cyproconazole as compound II.

[0301] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing triadimenol as compound II. Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing the compound prochloraz as compound II.

[0302] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing fludioxonil as compound II.

[0303] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing the compound metalaxyl as compound II.

[0304] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing the compound mefenoxam (metalaxyl-M) as compound II.

[0305] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing thiabendazole as compound II.

[0306] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing benomyl as compound II.

[0307] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing the compound carbendazim as compound II.

[0308] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing the compound thiophanate-methyl as compound II.

[0309] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing ethaboxam as compound II.

[0310] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing fluopicolide as compound II.

[0311] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing pyriofenone as compound II.

[0312] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing valifenalate as compound II. Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing dimethomorph as compound II.

[0313] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing thiram as compound II.

[0314] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing ziram as compound II.

[0315] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing the compound copper salt as compound II.

[0316] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing sulfur as compound II.

[0317] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing the compound mancozeb as compound II.

[0318] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing the compound metiram as compound II.

[0319] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing the compound propineb as compound II.

[0320] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing the compound chlorothalonil as compound II.

[0321] Especially preferred are pesticidal mixtures containing the compound phosphorous acid as compound II.

[0322] Preferred insecticidal active compounds III selected from group M

[0323] With respect to their use in the pesticidal mixtures of the present invention, particular preference is given to the active compounds III as listed in the paragraphs below.

[0324] Preferred are mixtures comprising additionally as active compound III an insecticicidal active compound selected from the group consisting of is fipronil, chlorfenapyr, thiodicarb, lamba-cyhalothrin, alpha-cypermethrin, acetamiprid, clothianidin, dinotefuran, imidacloprid, thiacloprid, thiamethoxam, abamectin, emamectin, flubendiamide, spinetoram, spirotetramat, sulfoxaflor, cyflumetofen, flupyradifurone, chlorantraniliprole, N-[4,6-dichloro-2-[(diethyl-lambda-4-sulfanylidene)carbamoyl]-phenyl]-2-(- 3-chloro-2-pyridyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazole-3-carboxamide, N-[4-chloro-2-[(diethyl-lambda-4-sulfanylidene)carbamoyl]-6-methyl-phenyl- ]-2-(3-chloro-2-pyridyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazole-3-carboxamide or N-[4-chloro-2-[(di-2-propyl-lambda-4-sulfanylidene)carbamoyl]-6-methyl-ph- enyl]-2-(3-chloro-2-pyridyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazole-3-carboxamide or cyantraniliprole.

[0325] More preferred is the addition of fipronil as active compound III.

[0326] More preferred is the addition of abamectin as active compound III.

[0327] More preferred is the addition of emamectin as active compound III.

[0328] More preferred is the addition of methiocarb as active compound III.

[0329] More preferred is the addition of thiodicarb as active compound III.

[0330] More preferred is the addition of chlorantraniliprole as active compound III.

[0331] More preferred is the addition of cyantraniliprole as active compound III.

[0332] More preferred is the addition of flubendiamide as active compound III.

[0333] More preferred is the addition of N-[4,6-dichloro-2-[(diethyl-lambda-4-sulfanylidene)carbamoyl]-phenyl]-2-(- 3-chloro-2-pyridyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazole-3-carboxamide as active compound III. More preferred is the addition of N-[4-chloro-2-[(diethyl-lambda-4-sulfanylidene)carbamoyl]-6-methyl-phenyl- ]-2-(3-chloro-2-pyridyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazole-3-carboxamide as active compound III.

[0334] More preferred is the addition of N-[4-chloro-2-[(di-2-propyl-lambda-4-sulfanylidene)carbamoyl]-6-methyl-ph- enyl]-2-(3-chloro-2-pyridyl)-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrazole-3-carboxamide as active compound III.

[0335] More preferred is the addition of chlorfenapyr as active compound III.

[0336] More preferred is the addition of acephate as active compound III

[0337] More preferred is the addition of spinetoram as active compound III.

[0338] More preferred is the addition of spinosad as active compound III.

[0339] More preferred is the addition of spirotetramat as active compound Ill.

[0340] More preferred is the addition of triflumezopyrim as active compound III

[0341] More preferred is the addition of sufoxaflor as active compound III.

[0342] More preferred is the addition of chlorpyrifos as active compound III

[0343] More preferred is the addition of cyflumetofen as active compound III.

[0344] More preferred is the addition of bifenthrin as active compound III.

[0345] More preferred is the addition of flupyradifurone as active compound III.

[0346] More preferred is the addition of tefluthrin as active compound III.

[0347] More preferred is the addition of cypermethrin as active compound Ill.

[0348] More preferred is the addition of .alpha.-cypermethrin as active compound Ill.

[0349] More preferred is the addition of a neonicotinic compound of group M.4.

[0350] Utmost preferred is the addition of acetamiprid as active compound Ill.

[0351] Also utmost preferred is the addition of clothianidin as active compound III.

[0352] Also utmost preferred is the addition of dinotefuran as active compound III.

[0353] Also utmost preferred is the addition of imidacloprid as active compound III.

[0354] Also utmost preferred is the addition of thiacloprid as active compound Ill.

[0355] Also utmost preferred is the addition of thiamethoxam as active compound III.

[0356] Preferred mixtures according to the invention

[0357] Binary mixtures of compound of formula I and a compound II selected from the groups F.I to F.XI are one preferred embodiment of the invention.

[0358] Ternary mixtures of compound of formula I and two compounds II selected from the groups F.I to F.XI are another embodiment of the invention.

[0359] Ternary mixtures of compound of formula I with one compound II selected from the groups F.I to F.XI and one compound III selected from the groups M.1 to M.UN.X are another embodiment of the invention.

Pests and Fungi

[0360] The mixtures of the active compounds I and II, or the active compounds I and II used simultaneously, that is jointly or separately, exhibit outstanding action against animal pests and pyhto-pathological fungi.

[0361] The mixtures of compound of the formula I are especially suitable for efficiently combating phytopathogenic fungi.

[0362] The mixtures of the present invention have excellent activity against a broad spectrum of phytopathogenic fungi Ascomycetes, Basidiomycetes, Deuteromycetes and Peronosporomycetes (syn. Oomycetes). Some of them are systemically effective and can be employed in crop protection as foliar fungicides, as fungicides for seed dressing and as soil fungicides. They can also be used for treating seed.

[0363] They are particularly important in the control of a multitude of fungi on various cultivated plants, such as wheat, rye, barley, oats, rice, corn, lawns, bananas, cotton, soybean, coffee, sugar cane, grapevines, fruits and ornamental plants, and vegetables such as cucumbers, beans, tomatoes, potatoes and cucurbits, and on the seeds of these plants.

[0364] They are especially suitable for controlling the following plant diseases:

Albugo spp. (white rust) on ornamentals, vegetables (e. g. A. candida) and sunflowers (e. g. A. tragopogonis); Alternaria spp. (Alternaria leaf spot) on vegetables, rape (A. brassicola or brassicae), sugar beets (A. tenuis), fruits, rice, soybeans, potatoes (e. g. A. solani or A. alternata), tomatoes (e. g. A. solani or A. alternata) and wheat; Aphanomyces spp. on sugar beets and vegetables; Ascochyta spp. on cereals and vegetables, e. g. A. tritici (anthracnose) on wheat and A. hordei on barley; Bipolaris and Drechslera spp. (teleomorph: Cochliobolus spp.), e. g. Southern leaf blight (D. maydis) or Northern leaf blight (B. zeicola) on corn, e. g. spot blotch (B. sorokiniana) on cereals and e. g. B. oryzae on rice and turfs; Blumeria (formerly Erysiphe) graminis (powdery mildew) on cereals (e. g. on wheat or barley); Botrytis cinerea (teleomorph: Botryotinia fuckeliana: grey mold) on fruits and berries (e. g. strawberries), vegetables (e. g. lettuce, carrots, celery and cabbages), rape, flowers, vines, forestry plants and wheat; Bremia lactucae (downy mildew) on lettuce; Ceratocystis (syn. Ophiostoma) spp. (rot or wilt) on broad-leaved trees and evergreens, e. g. C. ulmi (Dutch elm disease) on elms; Cercospora spp. (Cercospora leaf spots) on corn (e. g. Gray leaf spot: C. zeae-maydis), rice, sugar beets (e. g. C. beticola), sugar cane, vegetables, coffee, soybeans (e. g. C. sojina or C. kikuchii) and rice; Cladosporium spp. on tomatoes (e. g. C. fulvum: leaf mold) and cereals, e. g. C. herbarum (black ear) on wheat; Claviceps purpurea (ergot) on cereals; Cochliobolus (anamorph: Helminthosporium of Bipolaris) spp. (leaf spots) on corn (C. carbonum), cereals (e. g. C. sativus, anamorph: B. sorokiniana) and rice (e. g. C. miyabeanus, anamorph: H. oryzae); Colletotrichum (teleomorph: Glomerella) spp. (anthracnose) on cotton (e. g. C. gossypii), corn (e. g. C. graminicola: Anthracnose stalk rot), soft fruits, potatoes (e. g. C. coccodes: black dot), beans (e. g. C. lindemuthianum) and soybeans (e. g. C. truncatum or C. gloeosporioides); Corticium spp., e. g. C. sasakii (sheath blight) on rice; Corynespora cassiicola (leaf spots) on soybeans and ornamentals; Cycloconium spp., e. g. C. oleaginum on olive trees; Cylindrocarpon spp. (e. g. fruit tree canker or young vine decline, teleomorph: Nectria or Neonectria spp.) on fruit trees, vines (e. g. C. liriodendri, teleomorph: Neonectria liriodendri: Black Foot Disease) and ornamentals; Dematophora (teleomorph: Rosellinia) necatrix (root and stem rot) on soybeans; Diaporthe spp., e. g. D. phaseolorum (damping off) on soybeans; Drechslera (syn. Helminthosporium, teleomorph: Pyrenophora) spp. on corn, cereals, such as barley (e. g. D. teres, net blotch) and wheat (e. g. D. tritici-repentis: tan spot), rice and turf; Esca (dieback, apoplexy) on vines, caused by Formitiporia (syn. Phellinus) punctata, F. mediterranea, Phaeomoniella chlamydospora (earlier Phaeoacremonium chlamydosporum), Phaeoacremonium aleophilum and/or Botryosphaeria obtusa; Elsinoe spp. on pome fruits (E. pyri), soft fruits (E. veneta: anthracnose) and vines (E. ampelina: anthracnose); Entyloma oryzae (leaf smut) on rice; Epicoccum spp. (black mold) on wheat; Erysiphe spp. (powdery mildew) on sugar beets (E. betae), vegetables (e. g. E. pisi), such as cucurbits (e. g. E. cichoracearum), cabbages, rape (e. g. E. cruciferarum); Eutypa lata (Eutypa canker or dieback, anamorph: Cytosporina lata, syn. Libertella blepharis) on fruit trees, vines and ornamental woods; Exserohilum (syn. Helminthosporium) spp. on corn (e. g. E. turcicum); Fusarium (teleomorph: Gibberella) spp. (wilt, root or stem rot) on various plants, such as F. graminearum or F. culmorum (root rot, scab or head blight) on cereals (e. g. wheat or barley), F. oxysporum on tomatoes, F. solani (f. sp. glycines now syn. F. virguliforme) and F. tucumaniae and F. brasiliense each causing sudden death syndrome on soybeans, and F. verticillioides on corn; Gaeumannomyces graminis (take-all) on cereals (e. g. wheat or barley) and corn; Gibberella spp. on cereals (e. g. G. zeae) and rice (e. g. G. fujikuroi: Bakanae disease); Glomerella cingulata on vines, pome fruits and other plants and G. gossypii on cotton; Grainstaining complex on rice; Guignardia bidwellii (black rot) on vines; Gymnosporangium spp. on rosaceous plants and junipers, e. g. G. sabinae (rust) on pears; Helminthosporium spp. (syn. Drechslera, teleomorph: Cochliobolus) on corn, cereals and rice; Hemileia spp., e. g. H. vastatrix (coffee leaf rust) on coffee; Isariopsis clavispora (syn. Cladosporium vitis) on vines; Macrophomina phaseolina (syn. phaseoli) (root and stem rot) on soybeans and cotton; Microdochium (syn. Fusarium) nivale (pink snow mold) on cereals (e. g. wheat or barley); Microsphaera diffusa (powdery mildew) on soybeans; Monilinia spp., e. g. M. taxa, M. fructicola and M. fructigena (bloom and twig blight, brown rot) on stone fruits and other rosaceous plants; Mycosphaerella spp. on cereals, bananas, soft fruits and ground nuts, such as e. g. M. graminicola (anamorph: Septoria tritici, Septoria blotch) on wheat or M. fijiensis (black Sigatoka disease) on bananas; Peronospora spp. (downy mildew) on cabbage (e. g. P. brassicae), rape (e. g. P. parasitica), onions (e. g. P. destructor), tobacco (P. tabacina) and soybeans (e. g. P. manshurica); Phakopsora pachyrhizi and P. meibomiae (soybean rust) on soybeans; Phialophora spp. e. g. on vines (e. g. P. tracheiphila and P. tetraspora) and soybeans (e. g. P. gregata: stem rot); Phoma lingam (root and stem rot) on rape and cabbage and P. betae (root rot, leaf spot and damping-off) on sugar beets; Phomopsis spp. on sunflowers, vines (e. g. P. viticola: can and leaf spot) and soybeans (e. g. stem rot: P. phaseoli, teleomorph: Diaporthe phaseolorum); Physoderma maydis (brown spots) on corn; Phytophthora spp. (wilt, root, leaf, fruit and stem root) on various plants, such as paprika and cucurbits (e. g. P. capsici), soybeans (e. g. P. megasperma, syn. P. sojae), potatoes and tomatoes (e. g. P. infestans: late blight) and broad-leaved trees (e. g. P. ramorum: sudden oak death); Plasmodiophora brassicae (club root) on cabbage, rape, radish and other plants; Plasmopara spp., e. g. P. viticola (grapevine downy mildew) on vines and P. halstedii on sunflowers; Podosphaera spp. (powdery mildew) on rosaceous plants, hop, pome and soft fruits, e. g. P. leucotricha on apples; Polymyxa spp., e. g. on cereals, such as barley and wheat (P. graminis) and sugar beets (P. betae) and thereby transmitted viral diseases; Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides (eyespot, teleomorph: Tapesia yallundae) on cereals, e. g. wheat or barley; Pseudoperonospora (downy mildew) on various plants, e. g. P. cubensis on cucurbits or P. humili on hop; Pseudopezicula tracheiphila (red fire disease or, rotbrenner', anamorph: Phialophora) on vines; Puccinia spp. (rusts) on various plants, e. g. P. triticina (brown or leaf rust), P. striiformis (stripe or yellow rust), P. hordei (dwarf rust), P. graminis (stem or black rust) or P. recondita (brown or leaf rust) on cereals, such as e. g. wheat, barley or rye, P. kuehnii (orange rust) on sugar cane and P. asparagi on asparagus; Pyrenophora (anamorph: Drechslera) tritici-repentis (tan spot) on wheat or P. teres (net blotch) on barley; Pyricularia spp., e. g. P. oryzae (teleomorph: Magnaporthe grisea, rice blast) on rice and P. grisea on turf and cereals; Pythium spp. (damping-off) on turf, rice, corn, wheat, cotton, rape, sunflowers, soybeans, sugar beets, vegetables and various other plants (e. g. P. ultimum or P. aphanidermatum); Ramularia spp., e. g. R. collo-cygni (Ramularia leaf spots, Physiological leaf spots) on barley and R. beticola on sugar beets; Rhizoctonia spp. on cotton, rice, potatoes, turf, corn, rape, potatoes, sugar beets, vegetables and various other plants, e. g. R. solani (root and stem rot) on soybeans, R. solani (sheath blight) on rice or R. cerealis (Rhizoctonia spring blight) on wheat or barley; Rhizopus stolonifer (black mold, soft rot) on strawberries, carrots, cabbage, vines and tomatoes; Rhynchosporium secalis (scald) on barley, rye and triticale; Sarocladium oryzae and S. attenuatum (sheath rot) on rice; Sclerotinia spp. (stem rot or white mold) on vegetables and field crops, such as rape, sunflowers (e. g. S. sclerotiorum) and soybeans (e. g. S. rolfsii or S. sclerotiorum); Septoria spp. on various plants, e. g. S. glycines (brown spot) on soybeans, S. tritici (Septoria blotch) on wheat and S. (syn. Stagonospora) nodorum (Stagonospora blotch) on cereals; Uncinula (syn. Etysiphe) necator (powdery mildew, anamorph: Oidium tuckeri) on vines; Setospaeria spp. (leaf blight) on corn (e. g. S. turcicum, syn. Helminthosporium turcicum) and turf; Sphacelotheca spp. (smut) on corn, (e. g. S. reiliana: head smut), sorghum and sugar cane; Sphaerotheca fuliginea (powdery mildew) on cucurbits; Spongospora subterranea (powdery scab) on potatoes and thereby transmitted viral diseases; Stagonospora spp. on cereals, e. g. S. nodorum (Stagonospora blotch, teleomorph: Leptosphaeria [syn. Phaeosphaeria]nodorum) on wheat; Synchytrium endobioticum on potatoes (potato wart disease); Taphrina spp., e. g. T. deformans (leaf curl disease) on peaches and T. pruni (plum pocket) on plums; Thielaviopsis spp. (black root rot) on tobacco, pome fruits, vegetables, soybeans and cotton, e. g. T. basicola (syn. Chalara elegans); Tilletia spp. (common bunt or stinking smut) on cereals, such as e. g. T. tritici (syn. T. caries, wheat bunt) and T. controversa (dwarf bunt) on wheat; Typhula incamata (grey snow mold) on barley or wheat; Urocystis spp., e. g. U. occulta (stem smut) on rye; Uromyces spp. (rust) on vegetables, such as beans (e. g. U. appendiculatus, syn. U. phaseoli) and sugar beets (e. g. U. betae); Ustilago spp. (loose smut) on cereals (e. g. U. nuda and U. avaenae), corn (e. g. U. maydis: corn smut) and sugar cane; Venturia spp. (scab) on apples (e. g. V. inaequalis) and pears; and Verticillium spp. (wilt) on various plants, such as fruits and ornamentals, vines, soft fruits, vegetables and field crops, e. g. V. dahliae on strawberries, rape, potatoes and tomatoes.

[0365] The mixtures of compound of the formula I are also suitable for efficiently combating the following animal pest orders:

insects from the order of Lepidoptera, for example Achroia grisella, Acleris spp. such as A. fimbriana, A. gloverana, A. variana; Acrolepiopsis assectella, Acronicta major, Adoxophyes spp. such as A. cyrtosema, A. orana; Aedia leucomelas, Agrotis spp. such as A. exclamationis, A. fucosa, A. ipsilon, A. orthogoma, A. segetum, A. subterranea; Alabama argillacea, Aleurodicus dispersus, Alsophila pometaria, Ampelophaga rubiginosa, Amyelois transitella, Anacampsis sarcitella, Anagasta kuehniella, Anarsia lineatella, Anisota senatoria, Antheraea pernyi, Anticarsia (=Thermesia) spp. such as A. gemmatalis; Apamea spp, Aproaerema modicella, Archips spp. such as A. argyrospila, A. fuscocupreanus, A. rosana, A. xyloseanus; Argyresthia conjugella, Argyroploce spp., Argyrotaenia spp. such as A. velutinana; Athetis mindara, Austroasca viridigrisea, Autographa gamma, Autographa nigrisigna, Barathra brassicae, Bedellia spp., Bonagota salubricola, Borbo cinnara, Bucculatrix thurberiella, Bupalus piniarius, Busseola spp., Cacoecia spp. such as C. murinana, C. podana; Cactoblastis cactorum, Cadra cautella, Calingo braziliensis, Caloptilis theivora, Capua reticulana, Carposina spp. such as C. niponensis, C. sasakii; Cephus spp, Chaetocnema aridula, Cheimatobia brumata, Chilo spp. such as C. Indicus, C. suppressalis, C. partellus; Choreutis pariana, Choristoneura spp. such as C. conflictana, C. fumiferana, C. longicellana, C. murinana, C. occidentalis, C. rosaceana; Chrysodeixis (=Pseudoplusia) spp. such as C. eriosoma, C. includens; Cirphis unipuncta, Clysia ambiguella, Cnaphalocerus spp., Cnaphalocrocis medinalis, Cnephasia spp., Cochylis hospes, Coleophora spp., Colias eurytheme, Conopomorpha spp., Conotrachelus spp., Copitarsia spp., Corcyra cephalonica, Crambus caliginosellus, Crambus teterrellus, Crocidosema (=Epinotia) aporema, Cydalima (=Diaphania) perspectalis, Cydia (=Carpocapsa) spp. such as C. pomonella, C. latiferreana; Dalaca noctuides, Datana integerrima, Dasychira pinicola, Dendrolimus spp. such as D. pini, D. spectabilis, D. sibiricus; Desmia funeralis, Diaphania spp. such as D. nitidalis, D. hyalinata; Diatraea grandiosella, Diatraea saccharalis, Diphthera festiva, Earias spp. such as E. insulana, E. vittella; Ecdytolopha aurantianu, Egira (=Xylomyges) curialis, Elasmopalpus lignosellus, Eldana saccharina, Endopiza viteana, Ennomos subsignaria, Eoreuma loftini, Ephestia spp. such as E. cautella, E. elutella, E. kuehniella; Epinotia aporema, Epiphyas postvittana, Erannis tiliaria, Erionota thrax, Etiella spp., Eulia spp., Eupoecilia ambiguella, Euproctis chrysorrhoea, Euxoa spp., Evetria bouliana, Faronta albilinea, Feltia spp. such as F. subterranean; Galleria mellonella, Gracillaria spp., Grapholita spp. such as G. funebrana, G. molesta, G. inopinata; Halysidota spp., Harrisina americana, Hedylepta spp., Helicoverpa spp. such as H. armigera (=Heliothis armigera), H. zea (=Heliothis zea); Heliothis spp. such as H. assulta, H. subflexa, H. virescens; Hellula spp. such as H. undalis, H. rogatalis; Helocoverpa gelotopoeon, Hemileuca oliviae, Herpetogramma licarsisalis, Hibernia defoliaria, Hofmannophila pseudospretella, Homoeosoma electellum, Homona magnanima, Hypena scabra, Hyphantria cunea, Hyponomeuta padella, Hyponomeuta malinellus, Kakivoria flavofasciata, Keiferia lycopersicella, Lambdina fiscellaria fiscellaria, Lambdina fiscellaria lugubrosa, Lamprosema indicata, Laspeyresia molesta, Leguminivora glycinivorella, Lerodea eufala, Leucinodes orbonalis, Leucoma salicis, Leucoptera spp. such as L. coffeella, L. scitella; Leuminivora lycinivorella, Lithocolletis blancardella, Lithophane antennata, Llattia octo (=Amyna axis), Lobesia botrana, Lophocampa spp., Loxagrotis albicosta, Loxostege spp. such as L. sticticalis, L. cereralis; Lymantria spp. such as L. dispar, L. monacha; Lyonetia clerkella, Lyonetia prunifoliella, Malacosoma spp. such as M. americanum, M. californicum, M. constrictum, M. neustria; Mamestra spp. such as M. brassicae, M. configurata; Mamstra brassicae, Manduca spp. such as M. quinquemaculata, M. sexta; Marasmia spp, Marmara spp., Maruca testulalis, Megalopyge lanata, Melanchra picta, Melanitis leda, Mocis spp. such as M. lapites, M. repanda; Mocis latipes, Monochroa fragariae, Mythimna separata, Nemapogon cloacella, Neoleucinodes elegantalis, Nepytia spp., Nymphula spp., Oiketicus spp., Omiodes indicata, Omphisa anastomosalis, Operophtera brumata, Orgyia pseudotsugata, Oria spp., Orthaga thyrisalis, Ostrinia spp. such as O. nubilalis; Oulema oryzae, Paleacrita vernata, Panolis flammea, Parnara spp., Papaipema nebris, Papilio cresphontes, Paramyelois transitella, Paranthrene regalis, Paysandisia archon, Pectinophora spp. such as P. gossypiella; Peridroma saucia, Perileucoptera spp., such as P. coffeella; Phalera bucephala, Phryganidia californica, Phthorimaea spp. such as P. operculella; Phyllocnistis citrella, Phyllonotycter spp. such as P. blancardella, P. crataegella, P. issikii, P. ringoniella; Pieris spp. such as P. brassicae, P. rapae, P. napi; Pilocrocis tripunctata, Plathypena scabra, Platynota spp. such as P. flavedana, P. idaeusalis, P. stultana; Platyptilia carduidactyla, Plebejus argus, Plodia interpunctella, Plusia spp, Plutella maculipennis, Plutella xylostella, Pontia protodica, Prays spp., Prodenia spp., Proxenus lepigone, Pseudaletia spp. such as P. sequax, P. unipuncta; Pyrausta nubilalis, Rachiplusia nu, Richia albicosta, Rhizobius ventralis, Rhyacionia frustrana, Sabulodes aegrotata, Schizura concinna, Schoenobius spp., Schreckensteinia festaliella, Scirpophaga spp. such as S. incertulas, S. innotata; Scotia segetum, Sesamia spp. such as S. inferens, Seudyra subflava, Sitotroga cerealella, Sparganothis pilleriana, Spilonota lechriaspis, S. ocellana, Spodoptera (=Lamphygma) spp. such as S. eridania, S. exigua, S. frugiperda, S. latisfascia, S. littoralis, S. litura, S. omithogalli; Stigmella spp., Stomopteryx subsecivella, Strymon bazochii, Sylepta derogata, Synanthedon spp. such as S. exitiosa, Tecia solanivora, Telehin licus. Thaumatopoea pityocampa, Thaumatotibia (=Cryptophlebia) leucotreta, Thaumetopoea pityocampa, Thecla spp., Theresimima ampelophaga, Thyrinteina spp, Tildenia inconspicuella, Tinea spp. such as T. cloacella, T. pellionella; Tineola bisselliella, Tortrix spp. such as T. viridana; Trichophaga tapetzella, Trichoplusia spp. such as T. ni; Tuta (=Scrobipalpula) absoluta, Udea spp. such as U. rubigalis, U. rubigalis; Virachola spp, Yponomeuta padella, and Zeiraphera canadensis. insects from the order of Coleoptera, for example Acalymma vittatum, Acanthoscehdes obtectus, Adoretus spp., Agelastica alni, Agrilus spp. such as A. anxius, A. planipennis, A. sinuatus; Agriotes spp. such as A. fuscicollis, A. lineatus, A. obscurus; Alphitobius diaperinus, Amphimallus solstitialis, Anisandrus dispar, Anisoplia austriaca, Anobium punctatum, Anomala corpulenta, Anomala rufocuprea, Anoplophora spp. such as A. glabripennis; Anthonomus spp. such as A. eugenii, A. grandis, A. pomorum; Anthrenus spp., Aphthona euphoridae, Apion spp., Apogonia spp., Athous haemorrhoidalis, Atomaria spp. such as A. linearis; Attagenus spp., Aulacophora femoralis, Blastophagus piniperda, Blitophaga undata, Bruchidius obtectus, Bruchus spp. such as B. lentis, B. pisorum, B. rufimanus; Byctiscus betulae, Callidiellum rufipenne, Callopistria floridensis, Callosobruchus chinensis, Cameraria ohridella, Cassida nebulosa, Cerotoma trifurcata, Cetonia aurata, Ceuthorhynchus spp. such as C. assimilis, C. napi; Chaetocnema tibialis, Cleonus mendicus, Conoderus spp. such as C. vespertinus; Conotrachelus nenuphar, Cosmopolites spp., Costelytra zealandica, Crioceris asparagi, Cryptolestes ferrugineus, Cryptorhynchus lapathi, Ctenicera spp. such as C. destructor; Curculio spp., Cylindrocopturus spp., Cyclocephala spp, Dactylispa balyi, Dectes texanus, Dermestes spp., Diabrotica spp. such as D. undecimpunctata, D. speciosa, D. longicomis, D. semipunctata, D. virgifera; Diaprepes abbreviates, Dichocrocis spp., Dicladispa armigera, Diloboderus abderus, Diocalandra frumenti (Diocalandra stigmaticollis), Enaphalodes rufulus, Epilachna spp. such as E. varivestis, E. vigintioctomacu lata; Epitrix spp. such as E. hirtipennis, E. similaris; Eutheola humilis, Eutinobothrus brasiliensis, Faustinus cubae, Gibbium psylloides, Gnathocerus cornutus, Hellula undalis, Heteronychus arator, Hyamorpha elegans, Hylobius abietis, Hylotrupes bajulus, Hypera spp. such as H. brunneipennis, H. postica; Hypomeces squamosus, Hypothenemus spp., lps typographus, Lachnosterna consanguinea, Lasioderma serricome, Latheticus oryzae, Lathridius spp., Lema spp. such as L. bilineata, L. melanopus; Leptinotarsa spp. such as L. decemlineata; Leptispa pygmaea, Limonius califomicus, Lissorhoptrus otyzophilus, Lixus spp., Luperodes spp., Lyctus spp. such as L. bruneus; Liogenys fuscus, Macrodactylus spp. such as M. subspinosus; Maladera matrida, Megaplatypus mutates, Megascelis spp., Melanotus communis, Meligethes spp. such as M. aeneus; Melolontha spp. such as M. hippocastani, M. melolontha; Metamasius hemipterus, Microtheca spp, Migdolus spp. such as M. fryanus, Monochamus spp. such as M. alternatus; Naupactus xanthographus, Niptus hololeucus, Oberia brevis, Oemona hirta, Oryctes rhinoceros, Otyzaephilus surinamensis, Oryzaphagus oryzae, Otiorrhynchus sulcatus, Otiorrhynchus ovatus, Otiorrhynchus sulcatus, Oulema melanopus, Oulema oryzae, Oxycetonia jucunda, Phaedon spp. such as P. brassicae, P. cochleariae; Phoracantha recurva, Phyllobius pyri, Phyllopertha horticola, Phyllophaga spp. such as P. helleri; Phyllotreta spp. such as P. chrysocephala, P. nemorum, P. striolata, P. vittula; Phyllopertha horticola, Popillia japonica, Premnotrypes spp., Psacothea hilaris, Psylliodes chrysocephala, Prostephanus truncates, Psylliodes spp., Ptinus spp., Pulga saltona, Rhizopertha dominica, Rhynchophorus spp. such as R. billineatus, R. ferrugineus, R. palmarum, R. phoenicis, R. vulneratus; Saperda candida, Scolytus schevyrewi, Scyphophorus acupunctatus, Sitona lineatus, Sitophilus spp. such as S. granaria, S. oryzae, S. zeamais; Sphenophorus spp. such as S. levis; Stegobium paniceum, Sternechus spp. such as S. subsignatus; Strophomorphus ctenotus, Symphyletes spp., Tanymecus spp., Tenebrio molitor, Tenebrioides mauretanicus, Tribolium spp. such as T. castaneum; Trogoderma spp., Tychius spp., Xylotrechus spp. such as X. pyrrhoderus; and, Zabrus spp. such as Z. tenebrioides, insects from the order of Diptera for example Aedes spp. such as A. aegypti, A. albopictus, A. vexans; Anastrepha ludens, Anopheles spp. such as A. albimanus, A. crucians, A. freebomi, A. gambiae, A. leucosphyrus, A. maculipennis, A. minimus, A. quadrimaculatus, A. sinensis; Bactrocera invadens, Bibio hortulanus, Calliphora erythrocephala, Calliphora vicina, Ceratitis capitata, Chrysomyia spp. such as C. bezziana, C. hominivorax, C. macellaria; Chrysops atlanticus, Chrysops discalis, Chrysops silacea, Cochliomyia spp. such as C. hominivorax; Contarinia spp. such as C. sorghicola; Cordylobia anthropophaga, Culex spp. such as C. nigripalpus, C. pipiens, C. quinquefasciatus, C. tarsalis, C. tritaeniorhynchus; Culicoides furens, Culiseta inornata, Culiseta melanura, Cuterebra spp., Dacus cucurbitae, Dacus oleae, Dasineura brassicae, Dasineura oxycoccana, Delia spp. such as D. antique, D. coarctata, D. platura, D. radicum; Dermatobia hominis, Drosophila spp. such as D. suzukii, Fannia spp. such as F. canicularis; Gastraphilus spp. such as G. intestinalis; Geomyza tipunctata, Glossina spp. such as G. fuscipes, G. morsitans, G. palpalis, G. tachinoides; Haematobia irritans, Haplodiplosis equestris, Hippelates spp., Hylemyia spp. such as H. platura; Hypoderma spp. such as H. lineata; Hyppobosca spp., Hydrellia philippina, Leptoconops torrens, Liriomyza spp. such as L. sativae, L. trifolli; Lucilia spp. such as L. caprina, L. cuprina, L. sericata; Lycoria pectoralis, Mansonia titillanus, Mayetiola spp. such as M. destructor; Musca spp. such as M. autumnalis, M. domestica; Muscina stabulans, Oestrus spp. such as O. ovis; Opomyza florum, Oscinella spp. such as O. frit; Orseolia oryzae, Pegomya hysocyami, Phlebotomus argentipes, Phorbia spp. such as P. antiqua, P. brassicae, P. coarctata; Phytomyza gymnostoma, Prosimulium mixtum, Psila rosae, Psorophora columbiae, Psorophora discolor, Rhagoletis spp. such as R. cerasi, R. cingulate, R. indifferens, R. mendax, R. pomonella; Rivellia quadrifasciata, Sarcophaga spp. such as S. haemorrhoidalis; Simulium vittatum, Sitodiplosis mosellana, Stomoxys spp. such as S. calcitrans; Tabanus spp. such as T. atratus, T. bovinus, T. lineola, T. similis; Tannia spp., Thecodiplosis japonensis, Tipula oleracea, Tipula paludosa, and Wohlfahrtia spp. insects from the order of Thysanoptera for example, Baliothrips biformis, Dichromothrips corbetti, Dichromothrips ssp., Echinothrips americanus, Enneothrips flavens, Frankliniella spp. such as F. fusca, F. occidentalis, F. tritici; Heliothrips spp., Hercinothrips femoralis, Kakothrips spp., Microcephalothrips abdominalis, Neohydatothrips samayunkur, Pezothrips kellyanus, Rhipiphorothrips cruentatus, Scirtothrips spp. such as S. citri, S. dorsalis, S. perseae; Stenchaetothrips spp, Taeniothrips cardamoni, Taeniothrips inconsequens, Thrips spp. such as T. imagines, T. hawaiiensis, T. oryzae, T. palmi, T. parvispinus, T. tabaci. insects from the order of Hemiptera for example, Acizzia jamatonica, Acrosternum spp. such as A. hilare; Acyrthosipon spp. such as A. onobrychis, A. pisum; Adelges laricis, Adelges tsugae, Adelphocoris spp., such as A. rapidus, A. superbus; Aeneolamia spp., Agonoscena spp., Aulacorthum solani, Aleurocanthus woglumi, Aleurodes spp., Aleurodicus disperses, Aleurolobus barodensis, Aleurothrixus spp., Amrasca spp., Anasa tristis, Antestiopsis spp., Anuraphis cardui, Aonidiella spp., Aphanostigma piri, Aphidula nasturtii, Aphis spp. such as A. craccivora, A. fabae, A. forbesi, A. gossypii, A. grossulariae, A. maidiradicis, A. pomi, A. sambuci, A. schneideri, A. spiraecola; Arboridia apicalis, Arilus critatus, Aspidiella spp., Aspidiotus spp., Atanus spp., Aulacaspis yasumatsui, Aulacorthum solani, Bactericera cockerelli (Paratrioza cockerelli), Bemisia spp. such as B. argentifolii, B. tabaci (Aleurodes tabaci); Blissus spp. such as B. leucopterus; Brachycaudus spp. such as B. cardui, B. helichrysi, B. persicae, B. prunicola; Brachycolus spp., Brachycotynella asparagi, Brevicoryne brassicae, Cacopsylla spp. such as C. fulguralis, C. pyricola (Psylla piri); Calligypona marginata, Calocoris spp., Campylomma livida, Capitophorus horni, Carneocephala fulgida, Cavelerius spp., Ceraplastes spp., Ceratovacuna lanigera, Ceroplastes ceriferus, Cerosipha gossypii, Chaetosiphon fragaefolii, Chionaspis tegalensis, Chlorita onukii, Chromaphis juglandicola, Chrysomphalus ficus, Cicadulina mbila, Cimex spp. such as C. hemipterus, C. lectularius; Coccomytilus halli, Coccus

spp. such as C. hesperidum, C. pseudomagnoliarum; Corythucha arcuata, Creontiades dilutus, Cryptomyzus ribis, Chrysomphalus aonidum, Cryptomyzus ribis, Ctenarytaina spatulata, Cyrtopeltis notatus, Dalbulus spp., Dasynus piperis, Dialeurodes spp. such as D. citrifolii; Dalbulus maidis, Diaphorina spp. such as D. citri; Diaspis spp. such as D. bromeliae; Dichelops furcatus, Diconocoris hewetti, Doralis spp., Dreyfusia nordmannianae, Dreyfusia piceae, Drosicha spp., Dysaphis spp. such as D. plantaginea, D. pyri, D. radicola; Dysaulacorthum pseudosolani, Dysdercus spp. such as D. cingulatus, D. intermedius; Dysmicoccus spp., Edessa spp, Geocoris spp, Empoasca spp. such as E. fabae, E. solana; Epidiaspis leperii, Eriosoma spp. such as E. lanigerum, E. pyricola; Erythroneura spp., Eurygaster spp. such as E. integriceps; Euscelis bilobatus, Euschistus spp. such as E. heros, E. impictiventris, E. servus; Fiorinia theae, Geococcus coffeae, Glycaspis brimblecombei, Halyomorpha spp. such as H. halys; Heliopeltis spp., Homalodisca vitripennis (=H. coagulata), Horcias nobilellus, Hyalopterus pruni, Hyperomyzuslactucae, Icetya spp. such as I. purchase; Idiocerus spp., Idioscopus spp., Laodelphax striatellus, Lecanium spp., Lecanoideus floccissimus, Lepidosaphes spp. such as L. ulmi; Leptocorisa spp., Leptoglossus phyllopus, Lipaphis erysimi, Lygus spp. such as L. hesperus, L. lineolaris, L. pratensis; Maconellicoccus hirsutus, Marchalina hellenica, Macropes excavatus, Macrosiphum spp. such as M. rosae, M. avenae, M. euphorbiae; Macrosteles quadrilineatus, Mahanarva fimbriolata, Megacopta cribraria, Megoura viciae, Melanaphis pyrarius, Melanaphis sacchari, Melanocallis (=Tinocallis) caryaefoliae, Metcafiella spp., Metopolophium dirhodum, Monellia costalis, Monelliopsis pecanis, Myzocallis coryli, Murgantia spp, Myzus spp. such as M. ascalonicus, M. cerasi, M. nicotianae, M. persicae, M. varians; Nasonovia ribis-nigri, Neotoxoptera formosana, Neomegalotomus spp, Nephotettix spp. such as N. malayanus, N. nigropictus, N. parvus, N. virescens; Nezara spp. such as N. viridula; Nilaparvatalugens, Nysius huttoni, Oebalus spp. such as O. pugnax; Oncometopia spp., Orthezia praelonga, Oxycaraenus hyalinipennis, Parabemisia myricae, Parlatoria spp., Parthenolecanium spp. such as P. corni, P. persicae; Pemphigus spp. such as P. bursarius, P. populivenae; Peregrinus maidis, Perkinsiella saccharicida, Phenacoccus spp. such as P. aceris, P. gossypii; Phloeomyzus passerinii, Phorodon humuli, Phylloxera spp. such as P. devastatrix, Piesma quadrata, Piezodorus spp. such as P. guildinii; Pinnaspis aspidistrae, Planococcus spp. such as P. citri, P. ficus; Prosapia bicincta, Protopulvinaria pyriformis, Psallus seriatus, Pseudacysta persea, Pseudaulacaspis pentagona, Pseudococcus spp. such as P. comstocki; Psylla spp. such as P. mall; Pteromalus spp., Pulvinaria amygdali, Pyrilla spp., Quadraspidiotus spp., such as Q. perniciosus; Quesada gigas, Rastrococcus spp., Reduvius senilis, Rhizoecus americanus, Rhodnius spp., Rhopalomyzus ascalonicus, Rhopalosiphum spp. such as R. pseudobrassicas, R. insertum, R. maidis, R. padi; Sagatodes spp., Sahlbergella singularis, Saissetia spp., Sappaphis mala, Sappaphis mali, Scaptocoris spp, Scaphoides titanus, Schizaphis graminum, Schizoneura lanuginosa, Scotinophora spp., Selenaspidus articulatus, Sitobion avenae, Sogata spp., Sogatella furcifera, Solubea insularis, Spissistilus festinus (=Stictocephala festina); Stephanitis nashi, Stephanitis pyrioides, Stephanitis takeyai, Tenalaphara malayensis, Tetraleurodes perseae, Therioaphis maculate, Thyanta spp. such as T. accerra, T. perditor; Tibraca spp., Tomaspis spp., Toxoptera spp. such as T. aurantii; Trialeurodes spp. such as T. abutilonea, T. ricini, T. vaporariorum; Triatoma spp., Trioza spp., Typhlocyba spp., Unaspis spp. such as U. citri, U. yanonensis; and Viteus vitifolii, Insects from the order Hymenoptera for example Acanthomyops interjectus, Athalia rosae, Atta spp such as A. capiguara, A. cephalotes, A. cephalotes, A. laevigata, A. robusta, A. sexdens, A. texana, Bombus spp., Brachymyrmex spp., Camponotus spp such as C. floridanus, C. pennsylvanicus, C. modoc; Cardiocondyla nuda, Chalibion sp, Crematogaster spp., Dasymutilla occidentalis, Diprion spp., Dolichovespula maculata, Dorymyrmex spp, Dryocosmus kuriphilus, Formica spp, Hoplocampa spp. such as H. minuta, H. testudinea; Iridomyrmex humilis, Lasius spp. such as L. niger, Linepithema humile, Liometopum spp, Leptocybe invasa, Monomorium spp such as M. pharaonis, Monomorium, Nylandria fulva, Pachycondyla chinensis, Paratrechina longicornis, Paravespula spp such as P. germanica, P. pennsylvanica, P. vulgaris; Pheidole spp such as P. megacephala; Pogonomyrmex spp such as P. barbatus, P. califomicus, Polistes rubiginosa, Prenolepis impairs, Pseudomyrmex gracilis, Schelipron spp, Sirex cyaneus, Solenopsis spp such as S. geminata, S. invicta, S. molesta, S. richteri, S. xyloni, Sphecius speciosus, Sphex spp, Tapinoma spp such as T. melanocephalum, T. sessile; Tetramorium spp such as T. caespitum, T. bicarinatum, Vespa spp. such as V. crabro; Vespula spp such as V. squamosal; Wasmannia auropunctata, Xylocopa sp Insects from the order Orthoptera for example Acheta domesticus, Calliptamus italicus, Chortoicetes terminifera, Ceuthophilus spp, Diastrammena asynamora, Dociostaurus maroccanus, Gryllotalpa spp such as G. africana, G. gryllotalpa; Gtyllus spp, Hieroglyphus daganensis, Kraussaria angulifera, Locusta spp. such as L. migratoria, L. pardalina; Melanoplus spp such as M. bivittatus, M. femurrubrum, M. mexicanus, M. sanguinipes, M. spretus; Nomadacris septemfasciata, Oedaleus senegalensis, Scapteriscus spp, Schistocerca spp such as S. americana, S. gregaria, Stemopelmatus spp, Tachycines asynamorus, and Zonozerus variegatus Pests from the Class Arachnida for example Acari, e.g. of the families Argasidae, Ixodidae and Sarcoptidae, such as Amblyomma spp. (e.g. A. americanum, A. variegatum, A. maculatum), Argas spp. such as A. persicu), Boophilus spp. such as B. annulatus, B. decoloratus, B. microplus, Dermacentor spp such as D. silvarum, D. andersoni, D. variabilis, Hyalomma spp. such as H. truncatum, Ixodes spp. such as I. ricinus, I. rubicundus, I. scapularis, I. holocyclus, I. pacificus, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, Ornithodorus spp. such as O. moubata, O. hermsi, O. turicata), Ornithonyssus bacoti, Otobius megnini, Dermanyssus gallinae, Psoroptes spp such as P. ovis, Rhipicephalus spp such as R. sanguineus, R. appendiculatus, Rhipicephalus evertsi), Rhizoglyphus spp; Sarcoptes spp. such as S. Scabiei; and Family Eriophyidae including Aceria spp such as A. sheldoni, A. anthocoptes, Acallitus spp; Aculops spp. such as A. lycopersici, A. pelekassi; Aculus spp such as A. schlechtendali; Colomerus vitis, Epitrimerus pyri, Phyllocoptruta oleivora; Eriophytes ribis and Eriophyes spp such as Eriophyes sheldoni; Family Tarsonemidae including Hemitarsonemus spp., Phytonemus pallidus and Polyphagotarsonemus latus, Stenotarsonemus spp. Steneotarsonemus spinki; Family Tenuipalpidae including Brevipalpus spp. such as B. phoenicis; Family Tetranychidae including Eotetranychus spp., Eutetranychus spp., Oligonychus spp., Petrobia latens, Tetranychus spp such as T. cinnabarinus, T. evansi, T. kanzawai, T, pacificus, T. phaseulus, T. telarius and T. urticae; Bryobia praetiosa; Panonychus spp. such as P. ulmi, P. citri, Metatetranychus spp. and Oligonychus spp. such as O. pratensis, O. perseae), Vasates lycopersici; Raoiella indica, Family Carpoglyphidae including Carpoglyphus spp; Penthaleidae spp such as Halotydeus destructor; Family Demodicidae with species such a Demodex spp; Family Trombicidea including Trombicula spp; Family Macronyssidae including Ornothonyssus spp; Family Pyemotidae including Pyemotes tritici; Tyrophagus putrescentiae; Family Acaridae including Acarus siro; Family Araneida including Latrodectus mactans, Tegenaria agrestis, Chiracanthium sp, Lycosa sp Achaearanea tepidariorum and Loxosceles reclusa. Pests from the Phylum Nematoda, for example, plant parasitic nematodes such as rootknot nematodes, Meloidogyne spp. such as M. hapla, M. incognita, M. javanica; cyst-forming nematodes, Globodera spp. such as G. rostochiensis; Heterodera spp. such as H. avenae, H. glycines, H. schachtii, H. trifolii; Seed gall nematodes, Anguina spp.; Stem and foliar nematodes, Aphelenchoides spp. such as A. besseyi; Sting nematodes, Belonolaimus spp. such as B. longicaudatus; Pine nematodes, Bursaphelenchus spp. such as B. lignicolus, B. xylophilus; Ring nematodes, Criconema spp.; Criconemella spp. such as C. xenoplax and C. ornata; and, Criconemoides spp. such as Criconemoides informis; Mesocriconema spp.; Stem and bulb nematodes, Ditylenchus spp. such as D. destructor, D. dipsaci; Awl nematodes, Dolichodorus spp.; Spiral nematodes, Heliocotylenchus multicinctus; Sheath and sheathoid nematodes, Hemicycliophora spp. and Hemicriconemoides spp.; Hirshmanniella spp.; Lance nematodes, Hoploaimus spp.; False rootknot nematodes, Nacobbus spp.; Needle nematodes, Longidorus spp. such as L. elongatus; Lesion nematodes, Pratylenchus spp. such as P. brachyurus, P. neglectus, P. penetrans, P. curvitatus, P. goodeyi; Burrowing nematodes, Radopholus spp. such as R. similis; Rhadopholus spp.; Rhodopholus spp.; Reniform nematodes, Rotylenchus spp. such as R. robustus, R. reniformis; Scutellonema spp.; Stubby-root nematode, Trichodorus spp. such as T. obtusus, T. primitivus; Paratrichodorus spp. such as P. minor; Stunt nematodes, Tylenchorhynchus spp. such as T. claytoni, T. dubius; Citrus nematodes, Tylenchulus spp. such as T. semipenetrans; Dagger nematodes, Xiphinema spp.; and other plant parasitic nematode species. Insects from the order Isoptera for example Calotermes flavicollis, Coptotermes spp such as C. formosanus, C. gestroi, C. acinaciformis; Comitermes cumulans, Cryptotermes spp such as C. brevis, C. cavifrons; Globitermes sulfureus, Heterotermes spp such as H. aureus, H. longiceps, H. tenuis; Leucotermes flavipes, Odontotermes spp., Incisitermes spp such as I. minor, I. Snyder, Marginitermes hubbardi, Mastotermes spp such as M. darwiniensis Neocapritermes spp such as N. opacus, N. parvus; Neotermes spp, Procomitermes spp, Zootermopsis spp such as Z. angusticollis, Z. nevadensis, Reticulitermes spp. such as R. hesperus, R. tibialis, R. speratus, R. flavipes, R. grassei, R. lucifugus, R. santonensis, R. virginicus; Termes natalensis, Insects from the order Blattaria for example Blatta spp such as B. orientalis, B. lateralis; Blattella spp such as B. asahinae, B. germanica; Leucophaea maderae, Panchlora nivea, Periplaneta spp such as P. americana, P. australasiae, P. brunnea, P. fuligginosa, P. japonica; Supella longipaipa, Parcoblatta pennsylvanica, Eurycotis floridana, Pycnoscelus surinamensis Insects from the order Siphonoptera for example Cediopsylla simples, Ceratophyllus spp., Ctenocephalides spp such as C. felis, C. canis, Xenopsylla cheopis, Pulex irritans, Trichodectes canis, Tunga penetrans, and Nosopsyllus fasciatus, Insects from the order Thysanura for example Lepisma saccharina, Ctenolepisma urbana, and Thermobia domestica, Pests from the class Chilopoda for example Geophilus spp., Scutigera spp. such as Scutigera coleoptrata; Pests from the class Diplopoda for example Blaniulus guttulatus, Julus spp, Narceus spp., Pests from the class Symphyla for example Scutigerella immaculata. Insects from the order Dermaptera, for example Forficula auricularia, Insects from the order Collembola, for example Onychiurus spp. such as Onychiurus armatus. Pests from the order Isopoda for example, Armadillidium vulgare, Oniscus asellus, Porcellio scaber. Insects from the order Phthiraptera, for example Damalinia spp., Pediculus spp. such as Pediculus humanus capitis, Pediculus humanus corporis, Pediculus humanus humanus; Pthirus pubis, Haematopinus spp. such as Haematopinus eurysternus, Haematopinus suis; Linognathus spp. such as Linognathus vituli; Bovicola bovis, Menopon gallinae, Menacanthus stramineus and Solenopotes capillatus, Trichodectes spp., Examples of further pest species which may be controlled by compounds of formula (I) include: from the Phylum Mollusca, class Bivalvia, for example, Dreissena spp.; class Gastropoda, for example, Arion spp., Biomphalaria spp., Bulinus spp., Deroceras spp., Galba spp., Lymnaea spp., Oncomelania spp., Pomacea canaliclata, Succinea spp.; from the class of the helminths, for example, Ancylostoma duodenale, Ancylostoma ceylanicum, Acylostoma braziliensis, Ancylostoma spp., Ascarislubricoides, Ascaris spp., Brugia malayi, Brugia timori, Bunostomum spp., Chabertia spp., Clonorchis spp., Cooperia spp., Dicrocoelium spp., Dictyocaulus filaria, Diphyllobothriumlatum, Dracunculus medinensis, Echinococcus granulosus, Echinococcus multilocularis, Enterobius vermicularis, Faciola spp., Haemonchus spp. such as Haemonchus contortus; Heterakis spp., Hymenolepis nana, Hyostrongulus spp., Loa Loa, Nematodirus spp., Oesophagostomum spp., Opisthorchis spp., Onchocerca volvulus, Ostertagia spp., Paragonimus spp., Schistosomen spp., Strongyloides fuellebomi, Strongyloides stercora lis, Stronyloides spp., Taenia saginata, Taenia solium, Trichinella spiralis, Trichinella nativa, Trichinella britovi, Trichinella nelsoni, Trichinella pseudopsiralis, Trichostrongulus spp., Trichuris trichiura, Wuchereria bancrofti; The mixtures of the present invention are especially also suitable for efficiently combating pests like insects from the order of the lepidopterans (Lepidoptera), beetles (Coleoptera), flies and mosquitoes (Diptera), thrips (Thysanoptera), termites (Isoptera), bugs, aphids, leafhoppers, whiteflies, scale insects, cicadas (Hemiptera), ants, bees, wasps, sawflies (Hymenoptera), crickets, grasshoppers, locusts (Orthoptera), and also Arachnoidea, such as arachnids (Acarina).

Formulations

[0366] The mixtures according to the present invention can be converted into the customary formulations, for example solutions, emulsions, suspensions, dusts, powders, pastes and granules. The use form depends on the particular intended purpose; in each case, it should ensure a fine and even distribution of the compounds according to the invention.

[0367] Therefore the invention also relates to agrochemical compositions comprising an auxiliary and a mixture of at least one compound I of formula I and of at least one compound II (and optionally one compound III) according to the present invention.

[0368] An agrochemical composition comprises a pesticidally effective amount of a compound I. The term "effective amount" denotes an amount of the composition or of the compounds I, which is sufficient for controlling harmful fungi and/or harmful pests on cultivated plants or in the protection of materials and which does not result in a substantial damage to the treated plants. Such an amount can vary in a broad range and is dependent on various factors, such as the fungal species and/or the pest species to be controlled, the treated cultivated plant or material, the climatic conditions and the specific compound I used.

[0369] The active compounds I and II (and optionally III), their N-oxides and salts can be converted into customary types of agrochemical compositions, e. g. solutions, emulsions, suspensions, dusts, powders, pastes, granules, pressings, capsules, and mixtures thereof. Examples for composition types are suspensions (e.g. SC, OD, FS), emulsifiable concentrates (e.g. EC), emulsions (e.g. EW, EO, ES, ME), capsules (e.g. CS, ZC), pastes, pastilles, wettable powders or dusts (e.g. WP, SP, WS, DP, DS), pressings (e.g. BR, TB, DT), granules (e.g. WG, SG, GR, FG, GG, MG), insecticidal articles (e.g. LN), as well as gel formulations for the treatment of plant propagation materials such as seeds (e.g. GF). These and further compositions types are defined in the "Catalogue of pesticide formulation types and international coding system", Technical Monograph No. 2, 6th Ed. May 2008, CropLife International.

[0370] The compositions are prepared in a known manner, such as described by Mollet and Grube-mann, Formulation technology, Wiley V C H, Weinheim, 2001; or Knowles, New developments in crop protection product formulation, Agrow Reports DS243, T&F Informa, London, 2005.

[0371] Suitable auxiliaries are solvents, liquid carriers, solid carriers or fillers, surfactants, dispersants, emulsifiers, wetters, adjuvants, solubilizers, penetration enhancers, protective colloids, adhesion agents, thickeners, humectants, repellents, attractants, feeding stimulants, compatibilizers, bactericides, anti-freezing agents, anti-foaming agents, colorants, tackifiers and binders.

[0372] Suitable solvents and liquid carriers are water and organic solvents, such as mineral oil fractions of medium to high boiling point, e.g. kerosene, diesel oil; oils of vegetable or animal origin; aliphatic, cyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons, e. g. toluene, paraffin, tetrahydronaphthalene, alkylated naphthalenes; alcohols, e.g. ethanol, propanol, butanol, benzylalcohol, cyclohexanol; glycols; DMSO; ketones, e.g. cyclohexanone; esters, e.g. lactates, carbonates, fatty acid esters, gamma-butyrolactone; fatty acids; phosphonates; amines; amides, e.g. N-methylpyrrolidone, fatty acid dimethylamides; and mixtures thereof.

[0373] Suitable solid carriers or fillers are mineral earths, e.g. silicates, silica gels, talc, kaolins, lime-stone, lime, chalk, clays, dolomite, diatomaceous earth, bentonite, calcium sulfate, magnesium sulfate, magnesium oxide; polysaccharides, e.g. cellulose, starch; fertilizers, e.g. ammonium sulfate, ammonium phosphate, ammonium nitrate, ureas; products of vegetable origin, e.g. cereal meal, tree bark meal, wood meal, nutshell meal, and mixtures thereof.

[0374] Suitable surfactants are surface-active compounds, such as anionic, cationic, nonionic and amphoteric surfactants, block polymers, polyelectrolytes, and mixtures thereof. Such surfactants can be used as emusifier, dispersant, solubilizer, wetter, penetration enhancer, protective colloid, or adjuvant. Examples of surfactants are listed in McCutcheon's, Vol. 1: Emulsifiers & Detergents, McCutcheon's Directories, Glen Rock, USA, 2008 (International Ed. or North American Ed.).

[0375] Suitable anionic surfactants are alkali, alkaline earth or ammonium salts of sulfonates, sulfates, phosphates, carboxylates, and mixtures thereof. Examples of sulfonates are alkylaryl-sulfonates, diphenylsulfonates, alpha-olefin sulfonates, lignine sulfonates, sulfonates of fatty acids and oils, sulfonates of ethoxylated alkylphenols, sulfonates of alkoxylated arylphenols, sulfonates of condensed naphthalenes, sulfonates of dodecyl- and tridecylbenzenes, sulfonates of naphthalenes and alkyl naphthalenes, sulfosuccinates or sulfosuccinamates. Examples of sulfates are sulfates of fatty acids and oils, of ethoxylated alkylphenols, of alcohols, of ethoxylated alcohols, or of fatty acid esters. Examples of phosphates are phosphate esters. Examples of carboxylates are alkyl carboxylates, and carboxylated alcohol or alkylphenol ethoxylates.

[0376] Suitable nonionic surfactants are alkoxylates, N-substituted fatty acid amides, amine oxides, esters, sugar-based surfactants, polymeric surfactants, and mixtures thereof. Examples of alkoxylates are compounds such as alcohols, alkylphenols, amines, amides, arylphenols, fatty acids or fatty acid esters which have been alkoxylated with 1 to 50 equivalents. Ethylene oxide and/or propylene oxide may be employed for the alkoxylation, preferably ethylene oxide. Examples of N-substituted fatty acid amides are fatty acid glucamides or fatty acid alkanolamides. Examples of esters are fatty acid esters, glycerol esters or monoglycerides. Examples of sugar-based surfactants are sorbitans, ethoxylated sorbitans, sucrose and glucose esters or alkylpolyglucosides. Examples of polymeric surfactants are home- or copolymers of vinylpyrrolidone, vinylalcohols, or vinylacetate.

[0377] Suitable cationic surfactants are quaternary surfactants, for example quaternary ammonium compounds with one or two hydrophobic groups, or salts of long-chain primary amines. Suitable amphoteric surfactants are alkylbetains and imidazolines. Suitable block polymers are block polymers of the A-B or A-B-A type comprising blocks of polyethylene oxide and polypropylene oxide, or of the A-B-C type comprising alkanol, polyethylene oxide and polypropylene oxide. Suitable polyelectrolytes are polyacids or polybases. Examples of polyacids are alkali salts of polyacrylic acid or polyacid comb polymers. Examples of polybases are polyvinylamines or polyethyleneamines.

[0378] Suitable adjuvants are compounds, which have a neglectable or even no pesticidal activity themselves, and which improve the biological performance of the compound I on the target. Examples are surfactants, mineral or vegetable oils, and other auxilaries. Further examples are listed by Knowles, Adjuvants and additives, Agrow Reports DS256, T&F Informa UK, 2006, chapter 5.

[0379] Suitable thickeners are polysaccharides (e.g. xanthan gum, carboxymethylcellulose), anorganic clays (organically modified or unmodified), polycarboxylates, and silicates.

[0380] Suitable bactericides are bronopol and isothiazolinone derivatives such as alkylisothiazolinones and benzisothiazolinones.

[0381] Suitable anti-freezing agents are ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, urea and glycerin.

[0382] Suitable anti-foaming agents are silicones, long chain alcohols, and salts of fatty acids.

[0383] Suitable colorants (e.g. in red, blue, or green) are pigments of low water solubility and water-soluble dyes. Examples are inorganic colorants (e.g. iron oxide, titan oxide, iron hexacyanoferrate) and organic colorants (e.g. alizarin-, azo- and phthalocyanine colorants).

[0384] Suitable tackifiers or binders are polyvinylpyrrolidons, polyvinylacetates, polyvinyl alcohols, polyacrylates, biological or synthetic waxes, and cellulose ethers.

[0385] The agrochemical compositions generally comprise between 0.01 and 95%, preferably between 0.1 and 90%, and in particular between 0.5 and 75%, by weight of active substance. The active substances are employed in a purity of from 90% to 100%, preferably from 95% to 100% (according to NMR spectrum).

[0386] Solutions for seed treamtent (LS), Suspoemulsions (SE), flowable concentrates (FS), powders for dry treatment (DS), water-dispersible powders for slurry treatment (WS), water-soluble powders (SS), emulsions (ES), emulsifiable concentrates (EC) and gels (GF) are usually employed for the purposes of treatment of plant propagation materials, particularly seeds. The compositions in question give, after two-to-tenfold dilution, active substance concentrations of from 0.01 to 60% by weight, preferably from 0.1 to 40% by weight, in the ready-to-use preparations. Application can be carried out before or during sowing. Methods for applying compound I and compositions thereof, respectively, on to plant propagation material, especially seeds include dressing, coating, pelleting, dusting, soaking and in-furrow application methods of the propagation material. Preferably, compound I or the compositions thereof, respectively, are applied on to the plant propagation material by a method such that germination is not induced, e. g. by seed dressing, pelleting, coating and dusting.

[0387] When employed in plant protection, the amounts of active substances applied are, depending on the kind of effect desired, from 0.001 to 2 kg per ha, preferably from 0.005 to 2 kg per ha, more preferably from 0.05 to 0.9 kg per ha, and in particular from 0.1 to 0.75 kg per ha. In treatment of plant propagation materials such as seeds, e. g. by dusting, coating or drenching seed, amounts of active substance of from 0.1 to 1000 g, preferably from 1 to 1000 g, more preferably from 1 to 100 g and most preferably from 5 to 100 g, per 100 kilogram of plant propagation material (preferably seeds) are generally required. In some cases the amount for seed treatment may be up to 100 kilogram per 100 kilogram of seeds, or may even excess the seed weight.

[0388] When used in the protection of materials or stored products, the amount of active substance applied depends on the kind of application area and on the desired effect. Amounts customarily applied in the protection of materials are 0.001 g to 2 kg, preferably 0.005 g to 1 kg, of active substance per cubic meter of treated material.

[0389] Various types of oils, wetters, adjuvants, fertilizer, or micronutrients, and further pesticides (e.g. herbicides, insecticides, fungicides, growth regulators, safeners) may be added to the active substances or the compositions comprising them as premix or, if appropriate not until immediately prior to use (tank mix). These agents can be admixed with the compositions according to the invention in a weight ratio of 1:100 to 100:1, preferably 1:10 to 10:1.

[0390] The user applies the composition according to the invention usually from a predosage device, a knapsack sprayer, a spray tank, a spray plane, or an irrigation system. Usually, the agrochemical composition is made up with water, buffer, and/or further auxiliaries to the desired application concentration and the ready-to-use spray liquor or the agrochemical composition according to the invention is thus obtained. Usually, 20 to 2000 liters, preferably 50 to 400 liters, of the ready-to-use spray liquor are applied per hectare of agricultural useful area.

[0391] According to one embodiment, individual components of the composition according to the invention such as parts of a kit or parts of a binary or ternary mixture may be mixed by the user himself in a spray tank and further auxiliaries may be added, if appropriate.

[0392] In a further embodiment, either individual components of the composition according to the invention or partially premixed components, e. g. components comprising active compound I and active compounds II (and optionally active compounds III), may be mixed by the user in a spray tank and further auxiliaries and additives may be added, if appropriate.

[0393] In a further embodiment, either individual components of the composition according to the invention or partially premixed components, e. g. components comprising active compound I and active compounds II (and optionally active compounds III), can be applied jointly (e.g. after tank mix) or consecutively.

Applications

[0394] The compound I and the one or more compound(s) II (and optionally compounds III) can be applied simultaneously, that is jointly or separately, or in succession, that is immediately one after another and thereby creating the mixture "in-situ" on the desired location, as e.g. the plant, the sequence, in the case of separate application, generally not having any effect on the result of the control measures.

[0395] The mixtures of the present invention are employed as such or in form of compositions by treating the insects, the fungi or the plants, plant propagation materials, such as seeds, soil, surfaces, materials or rooms to be protected from insecticidal attack with a pesticidally effective amount of the active compounds. The application can be carried out both before and after the infection of the plants, plant propagation materials, such as seeds, soil, surfaces, materials or rooms by the insects.

[0396] The present invention also includes a method of combating animal pests and harmful fungi which comprises contacting the fungi and/or animal pests, their habit, breeding ground, food supply, cultivated plants, seed, soil, area, material or environment in which the animal pests are growing or may grow, or the materials, plants, seeds, soils, surfaces or spaces to be protected from animal attack or infestation with a pesticidally effective amount of a mixture according to the present invention.

[0397] Plants which can be treated with the inventive mixtures include all genetically modified plants or transgenic plants, e.g. crops which tolerate the action of herbicides or fungicides or insecticides owing to breeding, including genetic engineering methods, or plants which have modified characteristics in comparison with existing plants, which can be generated for example by traditional breeding methods and/or the generation of mutants, or by recombinant procedures.

[0398] Some of the inventive mixtures have systemic action and can therefore be used for the protection of the plant shoot against foliar pests as well as for the treatment of the seed and roots against soil pests.

[0399] The mixtures of compound I and II, or their corresponding formulations, are applied by treating the harmful fungi and the animal pests, their habitat or the plants, seeds, soils, areas, materials or spaces to be kept free from them with a pesticidally effective amount of the mixture or, in the case of separate application, of the compound I and II. Application can be before or after the infection by harmful fungi and/or animal pests.

[0400] The compound I and the one or more compound(s) II are usually applied in a weight ratio of from 500:1 to 1:100, preferably from 20:1 to 1:50, in particular from 5:1 to 1:20.

[0401] Depending on the desired effect, the application rates of the mixtures according to the invention are from 5 g/ha to 2000 g/ha, preferably from 50 to 1500 g/ha, in particular from 50 to 750 g/ha.

[0402] In general, "synergistically effective amount" means that the one active compound I and the one or more active compound(s) II are usually applied in a weight ratio of from 500:1 to 1:100, preferably from 20:1 to 1:50, in particular from 5:1 to 1:20. Depending on the nature of the compounds the employed weight ratio of compound I and compound(s) II ranges can start from 100:1 to 1:100, preferably from 20:1 to 1:20, in particular from 10:1 to 1:10.

[0403] Further active compounds, like compounds III, are, if desired, mixed in a ratio of from 20:1 to 1:20 to the compound I.

[0404] The mixtures according to the invention are effective through both contact and ingestion.

[0405] According to a preferred embodiment of the invention, the mixtures according to the present invention are employed via soil application. Soil application is especially favorable for use against ants, termites, crickets, or cockroaches.

[0406] According to another preferred embodiment of the invention, for use against non crop pests such as ants, termites, wasps, flies, mosquitoes, crickets, locusts, or cockroaches the mixtures according to the present invention are prepared into a bait preparation.

[0407] The bait can be a liquid, a solid or a semisolid preparation (e.g. a gel).

[0408] Another aspect of the present invention is when preparing the mixtures, it is preferred to employ the pure active compound I and II, to which further active compounds, e.g. against harmful fungi or having herbicidal activity, or growth-regulating agents or fertilizers can be added.

[0409] Compositions of this invention may further contain other active ingredients than those listed above. For example fungicides, herbicides, fertilizers such as ammonium nitrate, urea, potash, and superphosphate, phytotoxicants and plant growth regulators and safeners. These additional ingredients may be used sequentially or in combination with the above-described compositions, if appropriate also added only immediately prior to use (tank mix). For example, the plant(s) may be sprayed with a composition of this invention either before or after being treated with other active ingredients.

[0410] The mixtures according to the invention can be applied to any and all developmental stages, such as egg, larva, pupa, and adult. The pests may be controlled by contacting the target pest, its food supply, habitat, breeding ground or its locus with a pesticidally effective amount of the inventive mixtures or of compositions comprising the mixtures.

[0411] "Locus" means a plant, seed, soil, area, material or environment in which a pest is growing or may grow.

[0412] In general, "pesticidally effective amount" means the amount of the inventive mixtures or of compositions comprising the mixtures needed to achieve an observable effect on growth, including the effects of necrosis, death, retardation, prevention, and removal, destruction, or otherwise diminishing the occurrence and activity of the target organism. The pesticidally effective amount can vary for the various mixtures and/or compositions used in the invention. A pesticidally effective amount of the mixtures and/or compositions will also vary according to the prevailing conditions such as desired pesticidal effect and duration, weather, target species, locus, mode of application, and the like.

[0413] The inventive mixtures or compositions of these mixtures can also be employed for protecting plants from attack or infestation by insects, acarids or nematodes comprising contacting a plant, or soil or water in which the plant is growing.

[0414] The inventive mixtures are effective through both contact (via soil, glass, wall, bed net, carpet, plant parts or animal parts), and ingestion (bait, or plant part) and through trophallaxis and transfer.

[0415] Preferred application methods are into water bodies, via soil, cracks and crevices, pastures, manure piles, sewers, into water, on floor, wall, or by perimeter spray application and bait.

[0416] The inventive mixtures and the compositions comprising them can be used for protecting wood-en materials such as trees, board fences, sleepers, etc. and buildings such as houses, out-houses, factories, but also construction materials, furniture, leathers, fibers, vinyl articles, electric wires and cables etc.

[0417] In the case of soil treatment or of application to the pests dwelling place or nest, the quantity of active ingredient(s) ranges from 0.0001 to 500 g per 100 m.sup.2, preferably from 0.001 to 20 g per 100 m.sup.2.

[0418] Customary application rates in the protection of materials are, for example, from 0.01 g to 1000 g of active compound(s) per m.sup.2 treated material, desirably from 0.1 g to 50 g per m.sup.2.

[0419] For use in spray compositions, the content of the mixture of the active ingredients is from 0.001 to 80 weights %, preferably from 0.01 to 50 weight % and most preferably from 0.01 to 15 weight %.

[0420] For use in treating crop plants, the rate of application of the mixture of the active ingredients of this invention may be in the range of 0.1 g to 4000 g per hectare, desirably from 25 g to 600 g per hectare, more desirably from 50 g to 500 g per hectare.

[0421] The method of treatment according to the invention can also be used in the field of protecting stored products or harvest against attack of animal pests, fungi and microorganisms. According to the present invention, the term "stored products" is understood to denote natural substances of plant or animal origin and their processed forms, which have been taken from the natural life cycle and for which long-term protection is desired. Stored products of crop plant origin, such as plants or parts thereof, for example stalks, leafs, tubers, seeds, fruits or grains, can be protected in the freshly harvested state or in processed form, such as pre-dried, moistened, comminuted, ground, pressed or roasted, which process is also known as post-harvest treatment. Also falling under the definition of stored products is timber, whether in the form of crude timber, such as construction timber, electricity pylons and barriers, or in the form of finished articles, such as furniture or objects made from wood. Stored products of animal origin are hides, leather, furs, hairs and the like. The combinations according the present invention can prevent disadvantageous effects such as decay, discoloration or mold. Preferably "stored products" is understood to denote natural substances of plant origin and their processed forms, more preferably fruits and their processed forms, such as pomes, stone fruits, soft fruits and citrus fruits and their processed forms.

[0422] In the context of the present invention, the term plant refers to an entire plant, a part of the plant or the plant propagation material.

[0423] The mixtures of the present invention and the compositions comprising them are particularly important in the control of a multitude of insects on various cultivated plants.

[0424] Plants which can be treated with the inventive mixtures include all genetically modified plants or transgenic plants, e.g. crops which tolerate the action of herbicides or fungicides or insecticides owing to breeding, including genetic engineering methods, or plants which have modified characteristics in comparison with existing plants, which can be generated for example by traditional breeding methods and/or the generation of mutants, or by recombinant procedures.

[0425] The term "plant propagation material" is to be understood to denote all the generative parts of the plant such as seeds and vegetative plant material such as cuttings and tubers (e. g. potatoes), which can be used for the multiplication of the plant. This includes seeds, roots, fruits, tubers, bulbs, rhizomes, shoots, sprouts and other parts of plants. Seedlings and young plants, which are to be transplanted after germination or after emergence from soil, may also be mentioned. These young plants may also be protected before transplantation by a total or partial treatment by immersion or pouring.

[0426] The term "cultivated plants" is to be understood as including plants which have been modified by breeding, mutagenesis or genetic engineering. Genetically modified plants are plants, which genetic material has been so modified by the use of recombinant DNA techniques that under natural circumstances cannot be obtained by cross breeding, mutations or natural recombination. Typically, one or more genes have been integrated into the genetic material of a genetically modified plant in order to improve certain properties of the plant.

[0427] The term "cultivated plants" is to be understood also including plants that have been rendered tolerant to applications of specific classes of herbicides, such as hydroxy-phenylpyruvate dioxygenase (HPPD) inhibitors; acetolactate synthase (ALS) inhibitors, such as sulfonyl ureas (see e. g. U.S. Pat. No. 6,222,100, WO 01/82685, WO 00/26390, WO 97/41218, WO 98/02526, WO 98/02527, WO 04/106529, WO 05/20673, WO 03/14357, WO 03/13225, WO 03/14356, WO 04/16073) or imidazolinones (see e. g. U.S. Pat. No. 6,222,100, WO 01/82685, WO 00/26390, WO 97/41218, WO 98/02526, WO 98/02527, WO 04/106529, WO 05/20673, WO 03/14357, WO 03/13225, WO 03/14356, WO 04/16073); enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (EPSPS) inhibitors, such as glyphosate (see e. g. WO 92/00377); glutamine synthetase (GS) inhibitors, such as glufosinate (see e. g. EP-A-0242236, EP-A-242246) or oxynil herbicides (see e. g. U.S. Pat. No. 5,559,024) as a result of conventional methods of breeding or genetic engineering. Several cultivated plants have been rendered tolerant to herbicides by conventional methods of breeding (mutagenesis), for example Clearfield.RTM. summer rape (Canola) being tolerant to imidazolinones, e. g. imazamox. Genetic engineering methods have been used to render cultivated plants, such as soybean, cotton, corn, beets and rape, tolerant to herbicides, such as glyphosate and glufosinate, some of which are commercially available under the trade names RoundupReady.RTM. (glyphosate) and LibertyLink.RTM. (glufosinate).

[0428] The term "cultivated plants" is to be understood also including plants that are by the use of recombinant DNA techniques capable to synthesize one or more insecticidal proteins, especially those known from the bacterial genus Bacillus, particularly from Bacillus thuringiensis, such as a-endotoxins, e. g. CryIA(b), CryIA(c), CryIF, CryIF(a2), CryIIA(b), CryIIIA, CryIIIB(b1) or Cry9c; vegetative insecticidal proteins (VIP), e. g. VIP1, VIP2, VIP3 or VIP3A; insecticidal proteins of bacteria colonizing nematodes, for example Photorhabdus spp. or Xenorhabdus spp.; toxins produced by animals, such as scorpion toxins, arachnid toxins, wasp toxins, or other insect-specific neurotoxins; toxins produced by fungi, such Streptomycetes toxins, plant lectins, such as pea or barley lectins; agglutinins; proteinase inhibitors, such as trypsin inhibitors, serine protease inhibitors, patatin, cystatin or papain inhibitors; ribosome-inactivating proteins (RIP), such as ricin, maize-RIP, abrin, luffin, saporin or bryodin; steroid metabolism enzymes, such as 3-hydroxysteroid oxidase, ecdysteroid-IDP-glycosyl-transferase, cholesterol oxidases, ecdysone inhibitors or HMG-CoA-reductase; ion channel blockers, such as blockers of sodium or calcium channels; juvenile hormone esterase; diuretic hormone receptors (helicokinin receptors); stilben synthase, bibenzyl synthase, chitinases or glucanases. In the context of the present invention these insecticidal proteins or toxins are to be understood expressly also as pre-toxins, hybrid proteins, truncated or otherwise modified proteins. Hybrid proteins are characterized by a new combination of protein domains, (see, for example WO 02/015701). Further examples of such toxins or genetically-modified plants capable of synthesizing such toxins are dis-closed, for example, in EP-A 374 753, WO 93/007278, WO 95/34656, EP-A 427 529, EP-A 451 878, WO 03/018810 and WO 03/052073. The methods for producing such genetically modified plants are generally known to the person skilled in the art and are described, for example, in the publications mentioned above. These insecticidal proteins contained in the genetically modified plants impart to the plants producing these proteins tolerance to harmful pests from all taxonomic groups of insects, especially to beetles (Coeloptera), two-winged insects (Diptera), and butter-flies (Lepidoptera).

[0429] The term "cultivated plants" is to be understood also including plants that are by the use of recombinant DNA techniques capable to synthesize one or more proteins to in-crease the resistance or tolerance of those plants to bacterial, viral or fungal pathogens. Examples of such proteins are the so-called "pathogenesis-related proteins" (PR proteins, see, for example EP-A 0 392 225), plant disease resistance genes (for example potato cultivars, which express resistance genes acting against Phytophthora infestans derived from the mexican wild potato Solanum bulbocastanum) or T4-lyso-zym (e. g. potato cultivars capable of synthesizing these proteins with increased resistance against bacteria such as Erwinia amylvora). The methods for producing such genetically modified plants are generally known to the person skilled in the art and are described, for example, in the publications mentioned above.

[0430] The term "cultivated plants" is to be understood also including plants that are by the use of recombinant DNA techniques capable to synthesize one or more proteins to increase the productivity (e. g. bio mass production, grain yield, starch content, oil content or protein content), tolerance to drought, salinity or other growth-limiting environ-mental factors or tolerance to pests and fungal, bacterial or viral pathogens of those plants.

[0431] The term "cultivated plants" is to be understood also including plants that contain by the use of recombinant DNA techniques a modified amount of substances of content or new substances of content, specifically to improve human or animal nutrition, for ex-ample oil crops that produce health-promoting long-chain omega-3 fatty acids or unsaturated omega-9 fatty acids (e. g. Nex-era.RTM. rape).

[0432] The term "cultivated plants" is to be understood also including plants that contain by the use of recombinant DNA techniques a modified amount of substances of content or new substances of content, specifically to improve raw material production, for example potatoes that produce increased amounts of amylopectin (e. g. Amflora.RTM. potato).

[0433] Some of the inventive mixtures have systemic action and can therefore be used for the protection of the plant shoot against foliar pests as well as for the treatment of the seed and roots against soil pests.

Seed Treatment

[0434] The mixtures according to the present invention are therefore suitable for the treatment of seeds in order to protect the seed from insect pest, in particular from soil-living insect pests and the resulting plant's roots and shoots against soil pests and foliar insects.

[0435] The protection of the resulting plant's roots and shoots is preferred.

[0436] More preferred is the protection of resulting plant's shoots from piercing and sucking insects.

[0437] The present invention therefore comprises a method for the protection of seeds from insects, in particular from soil insects and of the seedlings' roots and shoots from insects, in particular from soil and foliar insects, said method comprising contacting the seeds before sowing and/or after pregermination with mixtures according to the present invention. Particularly preferred is a method, wherein the plant's roots and shoots are protected, more preferably a method, wherein the plants shoots are protected form piercing and sucking insects, most preferably a method, wherein the plants shoots are protected from aphids.

[0438] The term seed embraces seeds and plant propagules of all kinds including but not limited to true seeds, seed pieces, suckers, corms, bulbs, fruit, tubers, grains, cuttings, cut shoots and the like and means in a preferred embodiment true seeds.

[0439] The term seed treatment comprises all suitable seed treatment techniques known in the art, such as seed dressing, seed coating, seed dusting, seed soaking and seed pelleting.

[0440] The present invention also comprises seeds coated with or containing the active compound(s). The term "coated with and/or containing" generally signifies that the active ingredient(s) are for the most part on the surface of the propagation product at the time of application, although a greater or lesser part of the ingredient may penetrate into the propagation product, depending on the method of application. When the said propagation product are (re)planted, it may absorb the active ingredient.

[0441] Suitable seeds are seeds of cereals, root crops, oil crops, vegetables, spices, ornamentals, for example seed of durum and other wheat, barley, oats, rye, maize (fodder maize and sugar maize/sweet and field corn), soybeans, oil crops, crucifers, cotton, sunflowers, bananas, rice, oilseed rape, turnip rape, sugarbeet, fodder beet, eggplants, potatoes, grass, lawn, turf, fodder grass, tomatoes, leeks, pumpkin/squash, cabbage, iceberg lettuce, pepper, cucumbers, melons, Brassica species, melons, beans, peas, garlic, onions, carrots, tuberous plants such as potatoes, sugar cane, tobacco, grapes, petunias, geranium/pelargoniums, pansies and impatiens. In addition, the mixtures according to the invention may also be used for the treatment seeds from plants, which tolerate the action of herbicides or fungicides or insecticides owing to breeding, including genetic engineering methods.

[0442] For example, the active mixtures can be employed in treatment of seeds from plants, which are resistant to herbicides from the group consisting of the sulfonylureas, imidazolinones, glufosinate-ammonium or glyphosate-isopropylammonium and analogous active substances (see for example, EP-A-0242236, EP-A-242246) (WO 92/00377) (EP-A-0257993, U.S. Pat. No. 5,013,659) or in transgenic crop plants, for example cotton, with the capability of producing Bacillus thuringiensis toxins (Bt toxins) which make the plants resistant to certain pests (EP-A-0142924, EP-A-0193259),

[0443] Furthermore, the mixtures according to the present invention can be used also for the treatment of seeds from plants, which have modified characteristics in comparison with existing plants consist, which can be generated for example by traditional breeding methods and/or the generation of mutants, or by recombinant procedures). For example, a number of cases have been described of recombinant modifications of crop plants for the purpose of modifying the starch synthesized in the plants (e.g. WO 92/11376, WO 92/14827, WO 91/19806) or of transgenic crop plants having a modified fatty acid composition (WO 91/13972).

[0444] The seed treatment application of the mixtures is carried out by spraying or by dusting the seeds before sowing of the plants and before emergence of the plants.

[0445] In the treatment of seeds the corresponding formulations are applied by treating the seeds with an effective amount of the mixture according to the present invention. Herein, the application rates of the active compound(s) are generally from 0.1 g to 10 kg per 100 kg of seed, preferably from 1 g to 5 kg per 100 kg of seed, in particular from 1 g to 2.5 kg per 100 kg of seed. For specific crops such as lettuce the rate can be higher. Also in some other cases the amount for seed treatment may be up to 100 kilogram of the active compound(s) per 100 kilogram of seeds, or may even excess the seed weight.

[0446] Compositions, which are especially useful for seed treatment are e.g.:

A Soluble concentrates (SL, LS)

D Emulsions (EW, EO, ES)

E Suspensions (SC, OD, FS)

[0447] F Water-dispersible granules and water-soluble granules (WG, SG) G Water-dispersible powders and water-soluble powders (WP, SP, WS)

H Gel-Formulations (GF)

[0448] I Dustable powders (DP, DS)

[0449] Conventional seed treatment formulations include for example flowable concentrates FS, solutions LS, powders for dry treatment DS, water dispersible powders for slurry treatment WS, water-soluble powders SS and emulsion ES and EC and gel formulation GF. These formulations can be applied to the seed diluted or undiluted. Application to the seeds is carried out before sowing, either directly on the seeds or after having pregerminated the latter

[0450] In a preferred embodiment a FS formulation is used for seed treatment. Typically, a FS formulation may comprise 1-800 g/l of active ingredient(s), 1-200 g/I Surfactant, 0 to 200 g/I antifreezing agent, 0 to 400 g/l of binder, 0 to 200 g/l of a pigment and up to 1 liter of a solvent, preferably water.

[0451] Preferred FS formulations of compounds of formula I for seed treatment usually comprise from 0.1 to 80% by weight (1 to 800 g/1) of the active ingredient(s), from 0.1 to 20% by weight (1 to 200 g/1) of at least one surfactant, e.g. 0.05 to 5% by weight of a wetter and from 0.5 to 15% by weight of a dispersing agent, up to 20% by weight, e.g. from 5 to 20% of an anti-freeze agent, from 0 to 15% by weight, e.g. 1 to 15% by weight of a pigment and/or a dye, from 0 to 40% by weight, e.g. 1 to 40% by weight of a binder (sticker/adhesion agent), optionally up to 5% by weight, e.g. from 0.1 to 5% by weight of a thickener, optionally from 0.1 to 2% of an anti-foam agent, and optionally a preservative such as a biocide, antioxidant or the like, e.g. in an amount from 0.01 to 1% by weight and a filler/vehicle up to 100% by weight.

[0452] Seed Treatment formulations may additionally also comprise binders and optionally colorants.

[0453] Binders can be added to improve the adhesion of the active materials on the seeds after treatment. Suitable binders are block copolymers EO/PO surfactants but also polyvinylalcoholsl, polyvinylpyrrolidones, polyacrylates, polymethacrylates, polybutenes, polyisobutylenes, polystyrene, polyethyleneamines, polyethyleneamides, polyethyleneimines (Lupasol.RTM., Polymin.RTM.), polyethers, polyurethans, polyvinylacetate, tylose and copolymers derived from these polymers.

[0454] Optionally, also colorants can be included in the formulation. Suitable colorants or dyes for seed treatment formulations are Rhodamin B, C.I. Pigment Red 112, C.I. Solvent Red 1, pigment blue 15:4, pigment blue 15:3, pigment blue 15:2, pigment blue 15:1, pigment blue 80, pigment yellow 1, pigment yellow 13, pigment red 112, pigment red 48:2, pigment red 48:1, pigment red 57:1, pigment red 53:1, pigment orange 43, pigment orange 34, pigment orange 5, pigment green 36, pigment green 7, pigment white 6, pigment brown 25, basic violet 10, basic violet 49, acid red 51, acid red 52, acid red 14, acid blue 9, acid yellow 23, basic red 10, basic red 108.

[0455] The invention also relates to seed comprising mixtures according to the present invention. The amount of the compound I or the agriculturally useful salt thereof will in general vary from 0.1 g to 10 kg per 100 kg of seed, preferably from 1 g to 5 kg per 100 kg of seed, in particular from 1 g to 1000 g per 100 kg of seed.

EXAMPLES

B. Biology

[0456] Synergism can be described as an interaction where the combined effect of two or more compounds is greater than the sum of the individual effects of each of the compounds. The presence of a synergistic effect in terms of percent control, between two mixing partners (X and Y) can be calculated using the Colby equation (Colby, S. R., 1967, Calculating Synergistic and Antagonistic Responses in Herbicide Combinations, Weeds, 15, 20-22):

E = X + Y - XY 100 ##EQU00001##

[0457] When the observed combined control effect is greater than the expected combined control effect (E), then the combined effect is synergistic.

[0458] The analysis of synergism or antagonism between the mixtures or compositions was determined using Colby's equation.

B.1 Pesticidal Action Against Fungi

Microtest for the Evaluation of Fungicidal Activity

[0459] The active compounds were formulated separately as a stock solution having a concentration of 10,000 ppm in dimethyl sulfoxide.

B.1.1. Activity Against Rice Blast Pyricularia Oryzae

[0460] The stock solutions were mixed according to the indicated ratio, pipetted onto a micro titer plate (MTP) and diluted with water to the stated concentrations. A spore suspension of Pyricularia oryzae in an aqueous biomalt or yeast-bactopeptone-glycerine solution was then added. The plates were placed in a water vapor-saturated chamber at a temperature of 18.degree. C. Using an absorption photometer, the MTPs were measured at 405 nm 7 days after the inoculation. The results are given in table B.1.1 hereinbelow.

TABLE-US-00001 TABLE B.1.1 Pyricularia oryzae Active com- Calculated pound/active Concen- efficacy Syner- compounds tration Mixture Observed according gism in mixture (ppm) (ratio) efficacy to Colby (%) (%) carboxamide 16 -- 4 compound of 4 -- 15 formula I 1 -- 12 0.063 -- 2 Epoxiconazol 0.25 -- 28 0.063 -- 1 carboxamide 16 64:1 100 31 69 compound of formula I Epoxiconazol 0.25 carboxamide 4 63:1 100 15 85 compound of formula I Epoxiconazol 0.063 carboxamide 4 16:1 100 39 61 compound of formula I Epoxiconazol 0.25 carboxamide 1 16:1 100 13 87 compound of formula I Epoxiconazol 0.063

B.1.2. Activity Against Leaf Blotch on Wheat Caused by Septoria tritici

[0461] The stock solutions were mixed according to the indicated ratio, pipetted onto a micro titer plate (MTP) and diluted with water to the stated concentrations. A spore suspension of Septoria tritici in an aqueous biomalt or yeast-bactopeptone-glycerine solution was then added. The plates were placed in a water vapor-saturated chamber at a temperature of 18.degree. C. Using an absorption photometer, the MTPs were measured at 405 nm 7 days after the inoculation. The results are given in table B.1.2 hereinbelow.

TABLE-US-00002 TABLE B.1.2 Septoria tritici Active com- Calculated pound/active Concen- efficacy Syner- compounds tration Mixture Observed according gism in mixture (ppm) (ratio) efficacy to Colby (%) (%) carboxamide 63 -- 11 compound of formula I Epoxiconazol 0.016 -- 7 Metalaxyl 4 -- 5 1 -- 5 Triticonazol 0.063 -- 5 carboxamide 63 4000:1 49 18 31 compound of formula I Epoxiconazol 0.016 carboxamide compound of 63 16:1 45 15 30 formula I Metalaxyl 4 carboxamide compound of 63 63:1 40 15 25 formula I Metalaxyl 1 carboxamide compound of 63 1000:1 42 16 26 formula I Triticonazol 0.063

B.1.3. Activity Against Early Blight Caused by Alternaria solani

[0462] The stock solutions were mixed according to the indicated ratio, pipetted onto a micro titer plate (MTP) and diluted with water to the stated concentrations. A spore suspension of Alternaria solani in an aqueous biomalt or yeast-bactopeptone-glycerine solution was then added. The plates were placed in a water vapor-saturated chamber at a temperature of 18.degree. C. Using an absorption photometer, the MTPs were measured at 405 nm 7 days after the inoculation. The results are given in table B.1.3 hereinbelow.

TABLE-US-00003 TABLE B.1.3 Alternaria solani Active com- Calculated pound/active Concen- efficacy Syner- compounds tration Mixture Observed according gism in mixture (ppm) (ratio) efficacy to Colby (%) (%) carboxamide 63 -- 0 compound of 16 -- 0 formula I 4 -- 0 1 -- 0 Pyraclostrobin 0.063 -- 12 0.016 -- 0 Triticonazol 1 -- 23 0.25 -- 0 carboxamide 16 254:1 36 12 24 compound of formula I Pyraclostrobin 0.063 carboxamide 63 1000:1 40 12 28 compound of formula I Pyraclostrobin 0.063 carboxamide 63 4000:1 24 0 24 compound of formula I Pyraclostrobin 0.016 carboxamide 63 63:1 43 23 20 compound of formula I Triticonazol 1 carboxamide 16 64:1 32 0 32 compound of formula I Triticonazol 0.25 carboxamide 4 16:1 20 0 20 compound of formula I Triticonazol 0.25 carboxamide 4 4:1 52 23 29 compound of formula I Triticonazol 1 carboxamide 1 4:1 34 0 34 compound of formula I Triticonazol 0.25

B.1.4. Activity Against Wheat Leaf Spots Caused by Leptosphaeria nodorum

[0463] The stock solutions were mixed according to the indicated ratio, pipetted onto a micro titer plate (MTP) and diluted with water to the stated concentrations. A spore suspension of Leptosphaeria nodorum in an aqueous biomalt or yeast-bactopeptone-glycerine solution was then added. The plates were placed in a water vapor-saturated chamber at a temperature of 18.degree. C. Using an absorption photometer, the MTPs were measured at 405 nm 7 days after the inoculation. The results are given in table B.1.4 hereinbelow.

TABLE-US-00004 TABLE B.1.4 Leptosphaeria nodorum Active com- Calculated pound/active Concen- efficacy Syner- compounds tration Mixture Observed according gism in mixture (ppm) (ratio) efficacy to Colby (%) (%) carboxamide 4 -- 1 compound of formula I Pyraclostrobin 0.25 -- 72 carboxamide 4 16:1 100 72 28 compound of formula I Pyraclostrobin 0.25

B.1.5. Activity Against Microdochium Nivale

[0464] The stock solutions were mixed according to the indicated ratio, pipetted onto a micro titer plate (MTP) and diluted with water to the stated concentrations. A spore suspension of Microdochium nivale in an aqueous biomalt or yeast-bactopeptone-glycerine solution was then added. The plates were placed in a water vapor-saturated chamber at a temperature of 18.degree. C. Using an absorption photometer, the MTPs were measured at 405 nm 7 days after the inoculation. The results are given in table B.1.5 hereinbelow.

TABLE-US-00005 TABLE B.1.5 Microdochium nivale Active com- Calculated pound/active Concen- efficacy Syner- compounds tration Mixture Observed according gism in mixture (ppm) (ratio) efficacy to Colby (%) (%) carboxamide 63 -- 4 compound of 16 -- 15 formula I 4 -- 13 Pyraclostrobin 0.016 -- 46 0.063 -- 0 Fluxapyroxad 0.004 -- 0 Epoxiconazol 0.016 -- 29 0.004 -- 8 carboxamide 4 250:1 79 53 26 compound of formula I Pyraclostrobin 0.016 carboxamide 16 1000:1 74 54 20 compound of formula I Pyraclostrobin 0.016 carboxamide 63 4000:1 93 48 45 compound of formula I Pyraclostrobin 0.016 carboxamide 63 1000:1 35 4 31 compound of formula I Fluxapyroxad 0.063 carboxamide 63 16000:1 25 4 21 compound of formula I Fluxapyroxad 0.004 carboxamide 4 250:1 63 38 25 compound of formula I Epoxiconazol 0.016 carboxamide 63 4000:1 99 31 68 compound of formula I Epoxiconazol 0.016 carboxamide 16 4000:1 99 21 78 compound of formula I Epoxiconazol 0.004

B.1.6. Activity Against Rhizoctonia solani

[0465] The stock solutions were mixed according to the indicated ratio, pipetted onto a micro titer plate (MTP) and diluted with water to the stated concentrations. A spore suspension of Rhizoctonia solani in an aqueous biomalt or yeast-bactopeptone-glycerine solution was then added. The plates were placed in a water vapor-saturated chamber at a temperature of 18.degree. C. Using an absorption photometer, the MTPs were measured at 405 nm 7 days after the inoculation. The results are given in table B.1.6 hereinbelow.

TABLE-US-00006 TABLE B.1.6 Rhizoctonia solani Active com- Calculated pound/active Concen- efficacy Syner- compounds tration Mixture Observed according gism in mixture (ppm) (ratio) efficacy to Colby (%) (%) carboxamide 16 -- 0 compound of 4 -- 0 formula I 1 -- 0 Epoxiconazol 0.016 -- 24 0.004 -- 0 0.001 -- 0 Triticonazol 0.25 -- 41 carboxamide 4 250:1 55 24 31 compound of formula I Epoxiconazol 0.016 carboxamide 63 4000:1 96 31 65 compound of formula I Epoxiconazol 0.016 carboxamide 16 4000:1 75 0 75 compound of formula I Epoxiconazol 0.004 carboxamide 4 4000:1 20 0 20 compound of formula I Epoxiconazol 0.001 carboxamide 1 63:1 44 24 20 compound of formula I Epoxiconazol 0.016 carboxamide 16 64:1 67 41 26 compound of formula I Triticonazol 0.25 carboxamide 4 16:1 67 41 26 compound of formula I Triticonazol 0.25 carboxamide 1 4:1 69 41 28 compound of formula I Triticonazol 0.25

B.1.7. Activity Against Pyrenophora teres

[0466] The stock solutions were mixed according to the indicated ratio, pipetted onto a micro titer plate (MTP) and diluted with water to the stated concentrations. A spore suspension of Pyrenophora teres in an aqueous biomalt or yeast-bactopeptone-glycerine solution was then added. The plates were placed in a water vapor-saturated chamber at a temperature of 18.degree. C. Using an absorption photometer, the MTPs were measured at 405 nm 7 days after the inoculation. The results are given in table B.1.7 hereinbelow.

TABLE-US-00007 TABLE B.1.7 Pyrenophora teres Active com- Calculated pound/active Concen- efficacy Syner- compounds tration Mixture Observed according gism in mixture (ppm) (ratio) efficacy to Colby (%) (%) carboxamide 63 -- 20 compound of 16 -- 0 formula I 4 -- 0 Pyraclostrobin 0.016 -- 34 Epoxiconazol 0.016 -- 0 carboxamide 4 250:1 61 34 27 compound of formula I Pyraclostrobin 0.016 carboxamide 16 1000:1 67 34 33 compound of formula I Pyraclostrobin 0.016 carboxamide 63 4000:1 73 20 53 compound of formula I Epoxiconazol 0.016

[0467] The measured parameters were compared to the growth of the active compound-free control variant (100%) and the fungus-free and active compound-free blank value to determine the relative growth in % of the pathogens in the respective active compounds.

[0468] These percentages were converted into efficacies.

[0469] As mentioned above, the expected efficacies of active compound mixtures were determined using Colby's formula [R. S. Colby, "Calculating synergistic and antagonistic responses of herbicide combinations", Weeds 15, 20-22 (1967)] and compared with the observed efficacies.

[0470] The following further test systems may also be used to demonstrate and evaluate the fungicidal action of compounds, mixtures or compositions of this invention on specific fungi. However, the fungicidal control protection afforded by the compounds, mixtures or compositions is not limited to these fungi. In certain instances, combinations of a compound of this invention with other fungicidal compounds or agents are found to exhibit synergistic effects against certain important fungi.

[0471] If not otherwise specified and as described above, the active substances are formulated separately as a stock solution in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) at a concentration of 10 000 ppm.

[0472] The measured parameters are to be compared to the growth of the active compound-free control variant (100%) and the fungus-free and active compound-free blank value to determine the relative growth in % of the pathogens in the respective active compounds. These percentages are then converted into efficacies.

Fungicidal Test Example B.1.8:

[0473] Activity Against the Grey Mold Botrytis cinerea in the Microtiterplate Test

[0474] The stock solutions are mixed according to the desired ratio, pipetted onto a micro titer plate (MTP) and diluted with water to the stated concentrations. A spore suspension of Botrci cinerea in an aqueous biomalt solution is added. The plates are placed in a water vapor-saturated chamber at a temperature of 18.degree. C. Using an absorption photometer, the MTPs are measured at 405 nm 7 days after the inoculation.

Fungicidal Test Example B.1.9:

[0475] Activity Against Septoria glycines in the Microtiterplate Test

[0476] The stock solutions are mixed according to the desired ratio, pipetted onto a micro titer plate (MTP) and diluted with water to the stated concentrations. A spore suspension of Septoria glycines in an aqueous biomalt solution is added. The plates are placed in a water vapor-saturated chamber at a temperature of 18.degree. C. Using an absorption photometer, the MTPs are measured at 405 nm 7 days after the inoculation.

Fungicidal Test Example B.1.10:

[0477] Activity Against Colletotrichum truncatum in the Microtiterplate Test

[0478] The stock solutions are mixed according to the ratio, pipetted onto a micro titer plate (MTP) and diluted with water to the stated concentrations. A spore suspension of Colleotrichum truncatum in an aqueous biomalt solution is added. The plates are placed in a water vapor-saturated chamber at a temperature of 18.degree. C. Using an absorption photometer, the MTPs are measured at 405 nm 7 days after the inoculation.

Fungicidal Test Example B.1.11

[0479] Fungicidal Control of Brown Spot Caused by Cochliobolus miyabeanus (Protective)

[0480] Leaves of pot-grown rice seedlings are sprayed to run-off with an aqueous suspension containing a certain concentration of active ingredients prepared from a stock solution. The plants are allowed to air-dry. At the following day the plants are inoculated with an aqueous spore suspension of Cochliobolus miyabeanus. Then the trial plants are immediately to be transferred to a humid chamber. After 6 days at 22-24.degree. C. and a relative humidity close to 100% the extent of fungal attack on the leaves is visually assessed as % diseased leaf area.

[0481] Also here, the measured parameters of the fungicidal tests are to be compared to the growth of the active compound-free control variant (100%) and the fungus-free and active compound-free blank value to determine the relative growth in % of the pathogens in the respective active compounds. These percentages are to be converted into efficacies. An efficacy of 0 means that the growth level of the pathogens corresponds to that of the untreated control; an efficacy of 100 means that the pathogens are not growing.

B.2 Pesticidal Activity Against Animal Pests

[0482] The following tests can further demonstrate the control efficacy of compounds, mixtures or compositions of this invention on specific animal pests. However, the pest control protection afforded by the compounds, mixtures or compositions is not limited to these species. In certain instances, combinations of a compound of this invention with other invertebrate pest control compounds or agents are found to exhibit synergistic effects against certain important invertebrate pests.

Insecticidal Test Example B.2.1:

[0483] For evaluating e.g. the control of vetch aphid (Megoura viciae) through contact or systemic means the test unit consists of 24-well-microtiter plates containing broad bean leaf disks. The compounds or mixtures are formulated using a solution containing 75% water and 25% DMSO. Different concentrations of formulated compounds or mixtures are sprayed onto the leaf disks at 2.5 .mu.l, using a custom built micro atomizer, at two replications.

[0484] For experimental mixtures in these tests identical volumes of both mixing partners at the desired concentrations respectively, are mixed together.

[0485] After application, the leaf disks are air-dried and 5-8 adult aphids placed on the leaf disks inside the microtiter plate wells. The aphids are then allowed to suck on the treated leaf disks and incubated at about 23.+-.1.degree. C. and about 50.+-.5% RH (relative humidity) for 5 days. Aphid mortality and fecundity is visually assessed.

Insecticidal Test Example B.2.2:

[0486] For evaluating e.g. the control of bird cherry aphid (Rhopalosiphum path) through contact or systemic means the test unit consists of 96-well-microtiter plates containing barley leaf disks. The compounds or mixtures are formulated using a solution containing 75% water and 25% DMSO. Different concentrations of formulated compounds or mixtures are sprayed onto the leaf disks at 2.5 .mu.l, using a custom built micro atomizer, at two replications.

[0487] For experimental mixtures in these tests identical volumes of both mixing partners at the desired concentrations respectively, are mixed together.

[0488] After application, the leaf disks are air-dried and 5-8 adult aphids placed on the leaf disks inside the microtiter plate wells. The aphids are then allowed to suck on the treated leaf disks and incubated at about 25.+-.1.degree. C. and about 80.+-.5% RH for 3 to 5 days. Aphid mortality and fecundity is visually assessed.

Insecticidal Test Example B.2.3:

[0489] For evaluating e.g. the control of green peach aphid (Myzus persicae) through systemic means the test unit consists of 96-well-microtiter plates containing liquid artificial diet under an artificial membrane.

[0490] The compounds or mixtures are formulated using a solution containing 75% water and 25% DMSO. Different concentrations of formulated compounds or mixtures are pipetted into the aphid diet, using a custom built pipetter, at two replications.

[0491] For experimental mixtures in these tests identical volumes of both mixing partners at the desired concentrations respectively, are mixed together.

[0492] After application, 5-8 adult aphids are placed on the artificial membrane inside the microtiter plate wells. The aphids are then allowed to suck on the treated aphid diet and incubated at about 23.+-.1.degree. C. and about 50.+-.5% RH for 3 days. Aphid mortality and fecundity is visually assessed.

Insecticidal Test Example B.2.4:

[0493] For evaluating e.g. control of boll weevil (Anthonomus grandis) the test unit consists of 24-well-microtiter plates containing an insect diet and 20-30 A. grandis eggs.

[0494] The compounds or mixtures are formulated using a solution containing 75% water and 25% DMSO. Different concentrations of formulated compounds or mixtures are sprayed onto the insect diet at 20 .mu.l, using a custom built micro atomizer, at two replications.

[0495] For experimental mixtures in these tests identical volumes of both mixing partners at the desired concentrations respectively, are mixed together.

[0496] After application, microtiter plates are incubated at about 23.+-.1.degree. C. and about 50.+-.5% RH for 5 days. Egg and larval mortality is visually assessed.

Insecticidal Test Example B.2.5:

[0497] For evaluating e.g. control of Mediterranean fruitfly (Ceratitis capitata) the test unit consists of 96-well-microtiter plates containing an insect diet and 50-80 C. capitata eggs.

[0498] The compounds or mixtures are formulated using a solution containing 75% water and 25% DMSO. Different concentrations of formulated compounds or mixtures are sprayed onto the insect diet at 5 .mu.l, using a custom built micro atomizer, at two replications.

[0499] For experimental mixtures in these tests identical volumes of both mixing partners at the desired concentrations respectively, are mixed together.

[0500] After application, microtiter plates are incubated at about 28.+-.1.degree. C. and about 80.+-.5% RH for 5 days. Egg and larval mortality is then visually assessed.

Insecticidal Test Example B.2.6:

[0501] For evaluating e.g. control of tobacco budworm (Heliothis virescens) the test unit consists of 96-well-microtiter plates containing an insect diet and 15-25 H. virescens eggs.

[0502] The compounds or mixtures are formulated using a solution containing 75% water and 25% DMSO. Different concentrations of formulated compounds or mixtures are sprayed onto the insect diet at 10 .mu.l, using a custom built micro atomizer, at two replications.

[0503] For experimental mixtures in these tests identical volumes of both mixing partners at the desired concentrations respectively, are mixed together.

[0504] After application, microtiter plates are incubated at about 28.+-.1.degree. C. and about 80.+-.5% RH for 5 days. Egg and larval mortality is visually assessed.

* * * * *

File A Patent Application

  • Protect your idea -- Don't let someone else file first. Learn more.

  • 3 Easy Steps -- Complete Form, application Review, and File. See our process.

  • Attorney Review -- Have your application reviewed by a Patent Attorney. See what's included.