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United States Patent Application 20160240788
Kind Code A1
YANG; Arnold Chang-Mou August 18, 2016

POLYMER MOLECULAR FILM

Abstract

The present invention provides a polymer molecular film. The polymer molecular film of the invention is formed via a deformation process on a substrate. Particularly, the polymer molecular film includes a plurality of conjugated polymers, therein at least one of the conjugated polymers has a stretched molecular structure. The polymer molecular film has higher light-emitting/power-generating efficiency, which can be widely applied in manufacturing all kinds of photo-electronic elements.


Inventors: YANG; Arnold Chang-Mou; (HSINCHU, TW)
Applicant:
Name City State Country Type

NATIONAL TSING HUA UNIVERSITY

HSINCHU

TW
Family ID: 1000001913317
Appl. No.: 15/136578
Filed: April 22, 2016


Related U.S. Patent Documents

Application NumberFiling DatePatent Number
14303404Jun 12, 20149349959
15136578
12571110Sep 30, 20098790746
14303404

Current U.S. Class: 1/1
Current CPC Class: H01L 51/0038 20130101; H01L 51/0043 20130101; H01L 51/0036 20130101; H01S 5/36 20130101; H01L 51/5012 20130101; H01L 51/42 20130101; H01L 51/0034 20130101
International Class: H01L 51/00 20060101 H01L051/00

Foreign Application Data

DateCodeApplication Number
Dec 24, 2008TW097150547

Claims



1. A polymer molecular film formed on a substrate through a deformation process, and the polymer molecular film including a plurality of conjugated polymers, wherein at least one conjugated polymer has a stretched molecular structure therein.

2. The polymer molecular film of claim 1, further comprising a plurality of protrusion areas and at least one indentation area, and having the at least one conjugated polymer of the stretched molecular structure located on the indentation area.

3. The polymer molecular film of claim 2, wherein a distance between a surface of the indentation area and a surface of the substrate is less than 100 nm.

4. The polymer molecular film of claim 3, wherein the distance between the surface of the indentation area and the surface of the substrate is between 0.5 nm and 50 nm.

5. The polymer molecular film of claim 1, wherein the at least one conjugated polymer is selected from the group consisting of poly[1-methoxy-4-(2'-ethyl-hexyloxy)-2,5-phenylene vinylene](MEH-PPV), polythiophene or polyphenylene.

6. The polymer molecular film of claim 1, wherein the deformation process is to dispose the conjugated polymers in vapor of a solvent, such that the conjugated polymers are un-stabilized.

7. The polymer molecular film of claim 1, wherein the conjugated polymers are heated until the temperature of the conjugated polymer is higher than the glass transition temperature of the polymer films, such that the conjugated polymers are un-stabilized.
Description



CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0001] This application is a Divisional of co-pending application Ser. No. 14/303,404, filed on 12 Jun. 2014, which is a Divisional of application Ser. No. 12/571,110, filed on 30 Sep. 2009, now patented as U.S. Pat. No. 8,790,746, for which priority is claimed under 35 U.S.C. .sctn.120; and this application claims priority of application Ser. No. 09/715,0547 filed in JAPAN on 24 Dec. 2008 under 35 U.S. C. .sctn.119, the entire contents of all of which are hereby incorporated by reference.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

[0002] This invention relates to a polymer molecular film.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0003] Polymer is constructed by repetitive chemical bonding between low molar mass molecules. The common structures can be linear, network, or branched. Although conventional polymeric materials are generally insulators, polymers with conjugated chain structures are capable to conduct electricity by transport of pi electrons. Particularly, with the procedures of redox reactions, conductivity of conjugated polymers can reach the levels of doped inorganic semiconductors or some conductors. This unique property, when combined with other important advantages such as low material cost, simple fabrication processes, compatibility with large area manufacturing, light weights, and bendable mechanical properties, has made conjugated polymers emerging as the vital candidate for next generation optoelectronics.

[0004] For example, PLEDs (polymer light emitting diode) are the application that is widely studied. In short, conjugated polymers are used as a kind of light emitting material, which in turn is applied between positive electrode and negative electrode to form light emitting elements. When a forward bias is applied, holes are injected into the polymer molecular film from the positive electrode and enter valence band to become positive polarons. Moreover, electrons are injected from negative electrode and enter a conducting band to become negative polarons. And the two polarons move in the opposing directions to be combined to emit fluorescence (visible light, infrared light, or ultraviolet light).

[0005] Polymer LEDs can become polymer semiconductor laser with proper design and manufacturing process. The operation principle of the polymer semiconductor laser is generally similar to that of polymer LEDs, but that the resonant cavity structure is particularly introduced and population inversion is achieved by suitable electron levels design, so that when the light is transmitted in the semiconductor polymer layer, energy gap wavelength photons are stimulated to emit high intensity coherent light.

[0006] Furthermore, the elements having the similar structure to the aforementioned structure can also be used to generate electrical power, such as those that generating electricity from absorbed sun light. Shortly after their creation by light absorption, the electron-hole pairs can be separated by the electric field maintained between the electrodes. After being separated, the holes move towards the positive electrode whereas the electrons towards the negative electrode so as to form current in the external circuits, and the photonic energy can be transformed into electrical energy.

[0007] No matter it's the aforementioned light emitting or electrical power generating elements, better efficiency is needed for increasing the applicability thereof.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0008] Therefore, the first objective of this invention is to provide a polymer molecular film. Particularly, the polymer molecular film has higher light-emitting/power-generating efficiency, which can be widely applied in manufacturing all kinds of photo-electronic elements.

[0009] According to an embodiment, the polymer molecular film is formed on a substrate through a deformation process. Particularly, the polymer molecular film comprises a plurality of conjugated polymers, wherein at least one of the plurality of conjugated polymers has a stretched molecular structure.

[0010] The second objective of this invention is to provide a method for manufacturing aforementioned polymer molecular films.

[0011] According to an embodiment, the method includes the following steps: First, applying a conjugated polymeric material on a substrate to form a polymeric material layer; then, un-stabilizing the polymeric material layer to form a polymer molecular film; wherein, at least one conjugated polymer of the polymer molecular films has a stretched molecular structure.

[0012] In an embodiment, the step of un-stabilizing the polymeric material layer to form the polymer molecular film further comprises: disposing the polymeric material layer in vapor of a solvent.

[0013] In another embodiment, the step of destabilizing the polymeric material layer to form the polymer molecular film further comprises: heating the polymeric material layer until the temperature is higher than glass transition temperature of the conjugated polymeric materials.

[0014] The third objective of this invention is to provide a photo-electronic element, comprising the aforementioned polymer molecular films, so that the photo-electronic element has higher light-emitting/power-generating efficiency.

[0015] According to an embodiment, the photo-electronic element comprises a substrate, the polymer molecular film and a protection layer. The substrate and the protection layer can also be the transporting layer for the electrodes, or electrons and holes. The polymer molecular film is formed on the substrate, and the protection layer is formed on the polymer molecular film to prevent the polymer molecular film from oxidation or wear.

[0016] The fourth objective of this invention is to provide the method for manufacturing the aforementioned photo-electronic elements.

[0017] According to an embodiment, the steps of the method include the following: First, preparing a substrate, then applying a conjugated polymeric material on the substrate to form a polymeric material layer, and then un-stabilizing the polymeric material layer to form the polymer molecular film; wherein, at least one conjugated polymer in the polymer molecular films has a stretched molecular structure.

[0018] The advantages and the spirits of this invention can be further understood with the following description and the appended drawings.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0019] FIG. 1 illustrates a flow chart of an exemplary polymer molecular film manufacturing method in accordance with embodiments of this invention.

[0020] FIG. 2A illustrates an exemplary substrate in accordance with embodiments of this invention.

[0021] FIG. 2B illustrates an exemplary polymeric material layer in accordance with embodiments of this invention.

[0022] FIG. 2C illustrates an exemplary polymer molecular film in accordance with embodiments of this invention.

[0023] FIG. 3 illustrates an exemplary flow chart of the polymer molecular film manufacturing method in accordance with embodiments of this invention.

[0024] FIG. 4 illustrates an exemplary polymer molecular film in accordance with embodiments of this invention corresponding to the photoluminescence spectra of different dewetting time during dewetting process.

[0025] FIG. 5 illustrates the cross-sectional view of an exemplary light emitting element in accordance with embodiments of this invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0026] This invention provides a sort of polymer molecular film, photo-electronic element, and the methods of manufacturing the polymer molecular film and the photo-electronic element. The followings are the embodiment and the practical applications of the invention, and those will be further described to better explain the characteristics, spirits and advantages of this invention.

[0027] Please refer to FIG. 1 and FIG. 2A to FIG. 2C. FIG. 1 illustrates the flow chart of the polymer molecular film manufacturing method of an embodiment of this invention. FIG. 2A illustrates the substrate 10 formed by Step S50 in FIG. 1; FIG. 2B illustrates the polymeric material layer 12 formed by Step S52 in FIG. 1; and FIG. 2C illustrates the polymer molecular film 14 formed by Step S54 in FIG. 1. As illustrated, the manufacturing method according to this embodiment includes the following steps:

[0028] Step S50, preparing a substrate 10, for example but not limited to, a glass substrate, Indium Tin Oxides (ITO), etc.

[0029] Step S52, applying conjugated polymeric material to form a polymeric material layer 12 on the substrate 10. In practice, the conjugated polymeric material is applied to the substrate 10 by spin coating or other proper means. In practice, the thickness of the polymeric material layer 12 is less than 300 nm, such as 200 nm, 100 nm, 50 nm, and preferably less than 30 nm. In practice, the conjugated polymeric material can be a single polymer or several polymers composed of a sort of mixture or copolymer. The conjugated polymer includes, but not limited to, poly[1-methoxy-4-(2'-ethyl-hexyloxy)-2,5-phenylene vinylene] (MEH-PPV), polythiophene or polyphenylene, etc. Moreover, in practice, the conjugated polymeric material may include other nonconjugated polymeric materials, such as polystyrene (PS), as well as other proper additives.

[0030] Step S54, heating the polymeric material layer 12 such that the temperature of the polymeric material layer 12 is higher than the glass transition temperature (Tg) so as to allow the polymeric material layer 12 to deform to the polymer molecular film 14.

[0031] As illustrated by FIG. 2C, the polymer molecular film 14 has a plurality of protrusion areas 140 and, possibly, a plurality of serial indentation areas 142. Particularly, at least one conjugated polymer of the plurality of indentation areas 142 has a stretched molecular structure in unilateral direction. Furthermore, in practice, the distance between the surface 1420 of the indentation area 142 and the surface 102 of the substrate 10 is less than 100 nm; for example, between 0.5 nm and 50 nm, and preferably less than 20 nm. In practice, by surface treatment to the substrate surface, the thickness of the indentation areas can be controlled.

[0032] In practice, Step S54 is the conventional dewetting step. This step can drag conjugated polymers on the surface of the substrate to form a film having stretched molecular structures, and the originally flat polymeric material layer is now fractured to form droplets (same as the protrusion area described above). Because the conjugated polymers are stretched, the conjugated polymeric chains are less likely to be bent, so that the charges (including electrons and holes) can move freely on the polymer chains without being trapped by polymer chains and therefore, it is easier to emit light/generate power. After the preliminary experiment, the luminous efficiency of the polymer molecular film after being dewetted has at least one order of magnitude higher than that of the polymer molecular film before being dewetted.

[0033] Please refer to FIG. 3. FIG. 3 illustrates a flow chart of the polymer molecular film manufacturing method of a different embodiment of this invention. As illustrated by FIG. 3, Step S54 in FIG. 1 can be replaced by Step S56 which proceeds the followings: under room temperature, disposing the polymeric material layer in the vapor of a certain solvent (such as toluene, p-toluene, tetrahydrofuran (THF), methanol or other proper solvents), such that the polymeric material layer 12 is un-stabilized and deformed to become the polymer molecular film 14.

[0034] Moreover, in practice, the aforementioned Step S52 and S54/S56 can be repetitively implemented to form multiple polymer molecular film layers to increase light-emitting/power-generating efficiency. Moreover, in practice, the method of this invention can also include the following steps: removing the parts of the protrusion areas which are higher than the indentation areas, such that the polymer molecular film has the surface that is generally flat. By doing this, the hindrance incapacitating multilayer stacking as well as the situation that the light emitted from the indentation area is affected by the protrusion areas can be avoided.

[0035] Please refer to FIG. 4. FIG. 4 illustrates polymer molecular films of an embodiment of this invention during dewetting process, corresponding to the photoluminescence spectra in different dewetting time. In this embodiment, luminous polymeric material MEH-PPV is spin coated on a silicone oxide to form a film with 20 nm thickness, and disposed in an environment of 100 degrees (.degree. C.) of temperature for different time periods to implement dewetting. Moreover, FIG. 4 shows the results generated by a fluorescence spectrometer. As illustrated by the figure, when the dewetting time period is 300 minutes, the film is completely dewetted and the luminous efficiency increases 30 times to that of the film before dewetting.

[0036] This invention further provides method for manufacturing the photo-electronic element having therein the aforementioned polymer molecular films. The photo-electronic element can be applied in many different fields; for example, used as polymer LEDs, polymer semiconductor laser, solar cell elements, etc, but not limited to thereto.

[0037] Please refer to FIG. 5. FIG. 5 schematically illustrates the cross-sectional view of the light-emitting element of the embodiment of this invention. As illustrated by the figure, according to the light emitting element 2 of this invention includes a substrate 20, a positive electrode 22, a hole transporting layer 24, a light emitting layer 26 and a negative electrode 28.

[0038] In practice, the substrate 20 can be made of a transparent glass or other appropriate materials. The positive electrode 22 can be made of a conductive material, such as Indium oxide (ITO). The hole transporting layer 24 can be made of conductive polymeric material (3,4-polyethylenedioxythiophene/polystyrenesulfonate blend, PEDOT/PSS). The light emitting layer 26 is made of polymer molecular film of this invention. Moreover, the negative electrodes 28 can be made of aluminum or other metals.

[0039] In practice, according to the photo-electronic element of this invention apart from the aforementioned substrates and polymer molecular films, it also includes a protection layer formed on the polymer molecular film to prevent the polymer molecular film from oxidation or wear.

[0040] Moreover, the photo-electronic element of this invention can include positive and negative electrodes respectively disposed on the substrate and the protection layer. Of course, in practice, the photo-electronic element of this invention can also include other functional layers depending on the situation without being limited by any specific types.

[0041] Furthermore, apart from the aforementioned designs that utilize the positive and negative electrodes positioned across the thickness of the molecular layer or layers, a parallel version of the electrodes with the positive and negative electrodes situated on a plane parallel to the plane of the molecular film can also be opted.

[0042] To conclude, the polymer molecular films and the photo-electronic element of this invention increase the light-emitting/power-generating efficiency by the indentation areas formed by stretched conjugated polymers. Moreover, this process can be achieved without taking much time and costing much money, which is highly industrially applicable.

[0043] Although this invention has been disclosed better as above by the embodiments, they are not intended to limit the scope of this invention. An ordinary skilled person in the art can make any modification and improvements without departing from the spirit and scope of this invention. Therefore, the protection scope of this invention is defined by the appended claims.

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