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United States Patent Application 20160244707
Kind Code A1
Knight; Cameron ;   et al. August 25, 2016

Reactor Systems

Abstract

This disclosure relates to equipment utilized to manufacture chemical agents, particularly biopharmaceuticals. In some embodiments, reactor systems comprising a mobile carriage assembly; a disposable reaction container removably attached to the carriage assembly; and, a carriage holder into which the mobile carriage assembly may be removably inserted are provided.


Inventors: Knight; Cameron; (Springfield, MO) ; Jones; Todd; (New Tripoli, PA) ; Cole; Brady; (Center Valley, PA) ; Kubera; Paul; (Schnecksville, PA) ; Donovan; Cindy L.; (Allentown, PA)
Applicant:
Name City State Country Type

ABEC, Inc.

Bethlehem

PA

US
Assignee: ABEC, Inc.
Bethlehem
PA

Family ID: 1000001915141
Appl. No.: 14/969937
Filed: December 15, 2015


Related U.S. Patent Documents

Application NumberFiling DatePatent Number
13420338Mar 14, 20129228165
14969937
61453099Mar 15, 2011

Current U.S. Class: 1/1
Current CPC Class: C12M 23/28 20130101; B01J 19/1812 20130101; B01J 2219/1943 20130101; C12M 27/02 20130101; C12M 23/52 20130101
International Class: C12M 1/00 20060101 C12M001/00; C12M 1/06 20060101 C12M001/06; B01J 19/18 20060101 B01J019/18

Claims



1-19. (canceled)

20. A method for carrying out a reaction, the method comprising combining the components of a reaction in a reaction vessel comprising: a) a mobile carriage assembly holder comprising an interior into which a mobile carriage assembly may be removably inserted, the holder comprising: i) a receiving implement comprising at least one wheel or track for receiving the mobile carriage assembly; and, ii) a door for securing the mobile carriage assembly within the interior of the holder following insertion of the mobile carriage assembly into the holder; b) a mobile carriage assembly comprising: i) at least one primary mobility implement comprising at least one wheel or track for moving the mobile carriage assembly prior to insertion of the mobile carriage assembly into the holder; ii) secondary mobility implements, each secondary mobility element comprising at least one wheel or track, wherein: 1) the secondary mobility implements are not in contact with the ground prior to or following insertion of the mobile carriage assembly into the holder; 2) at least one secondary mobility implement is proximal to the receiving implement and at least one secondary mobility implement is distal from the receiving implement prior to insertion of the mobile carriage assembly into the holder; 3) the secondary mobility implements provide for insertion of the mobile carriage assembly into the holder, and removal of the mobile carriage assembly from the holder, using the receiving implement of the holder; and, iii) a shaft and impellar assembly; and,) c) a disposable reaction container removably attached to the mobile carriage assembly that, when removably attached to the mobile carriage assembly: 1) comprises an interior chamber in which reaction components may be reacted with one another; 2) encloses the shaft and impellar assembly; and, 3) separates the reaction components from the external environment.
Description



RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0001] This application claims priority to U.S. Ser. No. 61/453,099 filed Mar. 15, 2011.

FIELD OF DISCLOSURE

[0002] This disclosure relates to equipment utilized to manufacture chemical agents, particularly biopharmaceuticals.

BACKGROUND INFORMATION

[0003] This disclosure relates to equipment having reaction vessels used to manufacture chemical and/or biological products such as biopharmaceuticals. For instance, fermenters commonly provide a reaction vessel for cultivation of microbial organisms or mammalian, insect, or plant cells to produce such products. Currently available systems do not provide for simple removal of the components of a reaction from a reaction container and cleaning of equipment after a reaction is completed. The systems described herein solve these problems by providing a custom geometry, and optionally a sterile container used for reactions (e.g., biological, chemical), that does not require cleaning and re-sterilization after use is solved by the system described herein. The system also provides for ease of use in loading and unloading the disposable reaction container from a holder (e.g., an external jacket system).

SUMMARY OF THE DISCLOSURE

[0004] The systems described herein provide a mobile single-use disposable reaction container that may be housed within a holding system (e.g., external jacket system). In some embodiments, reactor systems comprising a mobile carriage assembly; a disposable reaction container removably attached to the carriage assembly; and, a carriage holder into which the mobile carriage assembly may be removably inserted are provided. In certain embodiments, the carriage holder comprises a heat transfer jacket. The mobile carriage may optionally comprise at least one implement selected from the group consisting of at least one wheel or track, an implement providing for fixably attaching the disposable reaction container to the carriage, an implement providing for fixably attaching the carriage to the holder, and an implement for mixing the components of the reaction. The implement for mixing the components of the reaction may be, for example, an agitator that optionally comprises a shaft and impeller that is incorporated in the reaction container and that connects to a drive mechanism fixably attached to the carriage. The disposable reaction container may comprise a sterile, sealable interior chamber in which reaction components may be reacted with one another; may be reversibly fixably attached to the mobile carriage assembly; may be removed from the mobile carriage assembly after the reaction is complete; may separate the contents of the reaction from the external environment after removal from the mobile carriage assembly; and/or, incorporate a sparge or other accessory. In certain embodiments, the holder may comprise a receiving implement with which the carriage may be inserted into and optionally affixed to the holder; maintain the desired geometry of the disposable reaction container, optionally including reaction container anti-swirl baffles; provide for heating and/or cooling of the reaction components within the reaction container; comprise a door for maintaining the reaction container separated from the exterior of the holder; and/or, comprise one or more anti-swirl and/or heat exchange baffles. In some embodiments, the receiving implement comprises one or more wheels or tracks. Other features of these reactor systems will be apparent from the description provided herein including, for example, FIGS. 1-4. Thus, in some embodiments, the reactor systems may comprise:

[0005] 1) a mobile carriage assembly;

[0006] 2) a disposable reaction container removably attached to the carriage assembly; and,

[0007] 3) a holder with a heat transfer jacket (e.g., external jacket system) comprising an opening into which the carriage (e.g., and reaction container) may be removably inserted;

wherein:

[0008] a) the mobile carriage assembly optionally comprises [at least one of]: [0009] i. at least one implement providing mobility to the carriage, such as one or more wheels or tracks; [0010] ii. at least one implement providing for fixably attaching the disposable reaction container to the carriage; and, [0011] iii. at least one implement providing for fixably attaching the carriage to the holder; [0012] iv. one or more implements such as an agitator that optionally comprises a shaft and impellar fixably attached to the carriage and providing for mixing of the contents of the reaction within the reaction container;

[0013] b) the disposable reaction container: [0014] i. provides a sterile, sealable interior chamber in which reaction components may be reacted with one another; [0015] ii. may be reversibly fixably attached to the carriage such that one or more of the implements of the carriage may be coupled to the reaction container (e.g., agitator (e.g., the shaft and impellar being affixed to a motor on the carriage and providing for mixing of the contents of the reaction within the reaction container)) while others may be positioned outside the reaction container (e.g., the baffle(s)) and/or other components of the system); [0016] iii. may be removed from the carriage after the reaction is complete, optionally keeping the contents of the reaction separated from the external environment (e.g., under sterile conditions); and, [0017] iv. optionally comprises a sparge (e.g., gas introduction device); and,

[0018] c) the holder [may]: [0019] i. comprises an receiving implement (e.g., one or more tracks) with which the carriage may be inserted into and optionally affixed to the holder; [0020] ii. maintains the desired geometry (e.g., shape) of the disposable reaction container, optionally including reaction container anti-swirl baffles; [0021] iii. provides for heating and/or cooling of the reaction components within the reaction container; [0022] iv. comprises a door for maintaining the carriage and reaction container separated from the exterior of the holder (e.g., locking the carriage/reaction container within the holder); and, [0023] v. optionally comprises one or more anti-swirl and/or heat exchange baffle(s).

[0024] In some embodiments, a mobile carriage assembly to which a disposable reaction container may be removably attached, the mobile carriage assembly comprising at least one wheel and/or track Sand an implement for mixing the components of the reaction in the reaction chamber, is provided. Exemplary of such embodiments may be those shown in FIGS. 1 and 2. Such a mobile carriage assembly may be placed into a holder as, for example, described herein to carry out a reaction within the disposable reaction container (FIG. 3).

[0025] The reactor systems described herein may be used to carry out any of a variety of reactions, such as a chemical process, a pharmaceutical process, and/or a biological process (or combinations thereof). Exemplary biological processes may include, for example, microbiological culture, mammalian cell culture, and plant cell culture. In some embodiments, the reaction may be may be use in at least one step of a process for the production of a composition comprising a peptide, protein, nucleic acid, complex thereof, combination thereof, or the like for use in, for example, for the prevention and/or treatment of a disease (e.g., as a vaccine). Also provided are methods for carrying out such reactions using the reactor systems described herein. The products of such reactions are also provided by this disclosure. Additional embodiments and advantages of these systems are described below.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0026] FIG. 1. Exemplary carriage assembly.

[0027] FIG. 2. Exemplary carriage assembly with reversibly attached reaction container (4).

[0028] FIG. 3. Exemplary carriage assembly and holder (e.g., external jacket system) and exemplary tracks (8) for reversibly inserting carriage assembly (optionally also comprising reaction container) into holder.

[0029] FIG. 4. Exemplary reactor system in which carriage assembly is contained within holder and separated from exterior by door (7).

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0030] The systems described herein provide a mobile single-use disposable reaction container that may be housed within a holding system (e.g., external jacket system). These systems are fully customizable in terms of the types and size of reactions that may be performed therein. The reaction systems may be designed to accommodate nearly any size reaction by coordinating the size of the various components relative to one another such that the required attachments may be made and various reaction conditions supported. The types of reactions may also vary as the components may be made of any suitable material required to withstand the reaction conditions (e.g., types of reactants, heat, pressure, etc.) In some embodiments, the system comprises a mobile carriage assembly, a disposable reaction container removably attached to the mobile carriage assembly; and, a holder with a heat transfer jacket (e.g., external jacket system) comprising an opening into which the mobile carriage assembly (e.g., and reaction container) may be removably inserted. In some embodiments, the holder may not comprise a heat transfer jacket. The mobile carriage assembly optionally comprises at least one implement providing mobility to the carriage, such as one or more wheels and/or tracks; at least one implement providing for fixably attaching the disposable reaction container to the mobile carriage assembly; and, at least one implement providing for fixably attaching the mobile carriage assembly to the holder; and/or one or more implements such as an agitator that optionally comprises a shaft and impellar fixably attached to the mobile carriage assembly and providing for mixing of the contents of the reaction within the reaction container. The disposable reaction container may comprise a sterile, sealable, interior chamber in which reaction components may be reacted with one another; may be reversibly fixably attached to the mobile carriage assembly such that one or more of the implements of the mobile carriage assembly may be coupled to the reaction container (e.g., agitator (e.g., the shaft and impellar being affixed to a motor on the mobile carriage assembly and providing for mixing of the contents of the reaction within the reaction container)) while others may be positioned outside the reaction container (e.g., the baffle(s)) and/or other components of the system); may be removed from the mobile carriage assembly after the reaction is complete, optionally keeping the contents of the reaction separated from the external environment (e.g., under sterile conditions); and/or optionally comprises a sparge (e.g., gas introduction device). The holder may comprise a receiving implement (e.g., one or more tracks) with which the mobile carriage assembly may be inserted into and optionally affixed to the holder; may maintain the desired geometry (e.g., shape) of the disposable reaction container, optionally including reaction container anti-swirl baffles; may provide for heating and/or cooling of the reaction components within the reaction container; comprises a door for maintaining the mobile carriage assembly and reaction container separated from the exterior of the holder (e.g., locking the carriage/reaction container within the holder); and/or comprises one or more anti-swirl and/or heat exchange baffle(s). The reactor system may be used to carry out reaction involving, for example, a chemical process, a pharmaceutical process, and a biological process. For instance, a biological process may be a microbiological culture, mammalian cell culture, and plant cell culture. In some embodiments, the reaction may be use in at least one step of a process for the production of a composition comprising a peptide, protein, nucleic acid, complex thereof, combination thereof, or the like for use in, for example, for the prevention and/or treatment of a disease (e.g., as a vaccine). Methods for carrying out these reactions are also provided. It is noted that the terms "attached", "fixably attached", "affixed", and / or "adjoined" mean that at least two materials are linked or bonded to one another in a temporary or permanent (or substantially permanent) manner. And parts are "reversibly" attached where one part may be attached and detached from another part. For example, one of ordinary skill in the art would understand that the at least one implement providing for fixably attaching the disposable reaction container to the mobile carriage assembly may also provide for removal of the disposable reaction container from the carriage. Similarly, the at least one implement providing for fixably attaching the mobile carriage assembly to the holder may also provide for removal of the mobile carriage assembly from the holder. The mobile carriage assembly and diposable reaction container may be of any suitable size, as long as the components are compatible with one another.

[0031] FIG. 1 illustrates an exemplary mobile carriage assembly assembly. As briefly described above, the mobile carriage assembly assembly may comprise a mobility implement, such as wheels (1) or tracks. The mobile carriage assembly may also comprise a set of primary and secondary mobility implements (1a, 1b). The primary mobility implements (1a) may be used, for example, to move (e.g., roll) the mobile carriage assembly. The secondary mobility implements (1b) may be used to insert/attach and/or remove the mobile carriage assembly into or from, respectively, the holder (e.g., 8 in FIG. 3). The mobile carriage assembly may also include a platform (3) and one or more additional implements such as an agitator (2). As mentioned above, the shaft/impellar assembly may be affixed to a motor on the mobile carriage assembly. The motor may also be found elsewhere (e.g., not affixed to the carriage) as long as it is capable of powering the shaft/impellar assembly such that the reaction components may be mixed.

[0032] As shown in FIG. 2, the reaction container (4) in which the reaction is carried out may be attached to the platform (3). The reaction container may be reversibly affixed to the platform so that it may be attached before the reaction takes place and removed after the reaction is complete. The reaction containers may be made from a polymer film, typically as a monolayer "sandwich" of a product contact layer (e.g., typically low-density polyethylene), a gas barrier layer (e.g., ethyl vinyl acetate), and a strength layer. Film sheets may be welded together to form the desired reaction container shape; access ports for material additions/withdrawals, instruments, agitator(s), etc., may be also welded in place. Access ports are typically sealed as appropriate. For sterile reactions, the completed reaction container assembly may be sterilized before use by, for example, exposure to gamma-irradiation. The reaction container assembly (e.g., mobile carriage assembly with fixably, reversibly attached reaction container) may be loaded into a holder before use (e.g., as shown in FIG. 3 using wheel/track assembly 1b and track 8), and properly positioned/secured. The agitator drive attachment and sterile connections are typically then made via tube welding using the appropriate connectors, etc. before charging the reaction container with the reaction components (e.g., sterile media) and/or, for biological reactions, inoculation.

[0033] FIG. 3 illustrates another view of an exemplary reactor system in which the mobile carriage assembly (5) may be loaded onto (or inserted into) the holder (6). As briefly mentioned above, the mobile carriage assembly may be loaded onto (or inserted into) holder (6) using wheel/track assembly made up of wheel 1b and track 8. The mobile carriage assembly may also be removed from the holder using the wheel/track assembly. Wheels 1a may or may not remain in contact with the ground once the mobile carriage assembly is loaded onto (or inserted into) holder (6). The reaction container may be fixably reversibly attached to the mobile carriage assembly (e.g., to platform (3)) prior to loading or inserting of assembly into the holder. The reaction container may also be attached to the mobile carriage assembly after the mobile carriage assembly has been loaded onto (or inserted into) the holder (6). For example, the reaction container may be loaded into the holder (6) from the open top thereof and rested upon (e.g., reversibly fixably attached) the mobile carriage assembly (5). Holder (6) may contain one or more heat transfer (e.g., heat exchange) and/or anti-swirl baffles (9). FIG. 4 illustrates a closed system in which the mobile carriage assembly (e.g. (5) as shown in FIG. 3) is contained within holder (6) using a door (7) or other suitable implement. These systems may also include a cover device to restrain the top of the reaction container (e.g., attached to the holder, such as a lid), thus allowing operation at higher pressure to improve the driving force for oxygen transfer, thus improving process performance.

[0034] The holder (e.g., 6 in FIG. 4) may be of any suitable format. For instance, while a door (e.g., 7 in FIG. 4) may be used to contain the mobile carriage assembly/reaction container, the holder may also be configured to have a "clam shell"-type structure. In such embodiments, the holder circumference would typically comprise or open along a vertical seam and further comprise one or more vertical hinges (e.g., opposite the seam). The vertical seam may also include a locking mechanism. Thus, in one embodiment, a reactor system may include a holder comprising one or more vertical seams at which the holder may be opened and/or closed and/or may further comprise one or more vertical hinges. In certain embodiments, the one or more vertical hinges may be positioned approximately opposite the one or more vertical seams. Such a format may make loading and unloading of the mobile carriage assembly simpler for the operator.

[0035] As mentioned above, the holder may comprise one or more heat transfer (e.g., heat exchange) and/or anti-swirl baffles (e.g., (9)). Such baffles may serve as "speed bumps" on the holder wall that the reaction container may wrap around without tearing yet still provide sufficient resistance to flow. Other baffles may include those described in, for example, U.S. Ser. No. 12/605,329, published as US 2011-0059523 A1 (incorporated herein by reference in its entirety). The holder (6) and/or baffle(s) may be formed of any suitable material (e.g., carbon steel, stainless steel (e.g., 304, 304L, 316, 316L, 317, 317L, AL6XN), aluminum, Inconel.RTM. (e.g., Inconel 625, Chronin 625, Altemp 625, Haynes 625, Nickelvac 625 and Nicrofer 6020), Incoloy.RTM., Hastelloy (e.g., A, B, B2, B3, B142T, Hybrid-BC1, C, C4, C22, C22HS, C2000, C263, C276, D, G, G2, G3, G30, G50, H9M, N, R235, S, W, X), Monel.RTM., titanium, Carpenter 20.RTM., plastic, rubber, and/or mixtures of such materials. The baffle may be incorporated into, attached or affixed to a reaction vessel (e.g., holder (6)) by any suitable method provides provided that method provides a substantially seamless attachment point (e.g., a seamless joint or boundary between materials) to provide a surface that may be simply and efficiently sanitized. A "substantially seamless attachment point", "seamless joint", or "crevice-free joint" typically indicates that the boundary between the baffle and the reaction vessel is substantially undetectable by either visual and/or other means (e.g., microscopy). It may also indicate that the boundary does not retain any residue from prior reactions following a standard cleaning procedure typically used by the skilled artisan to "sanitize" such equipment. The system is therefore suitable for sanitization using industry-accepted "clean-in-place" and "sterilize-in-place" systems using any suitable cleaning agent including but not limited to detergents, brushes, and/or steam. Such a boundary affords itself to simple and efficient sanitization, as defined below. Other types of baffles, materials, and the like may also be suitable as would be understood by one of ordinary skill in the art.

[0036] All documents cited or referred to herein are hereby incorporated by reference in their entirety into this description. While the description provided herein may be presented in terms of the preferred embodiments, it is understood that variations and modifications will occur to those skilled in the art. Therefore, it is intended that the appended claims cover all such equivalent variations that come within the scope of the claimed subject matter.

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