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United States Patent Application 20160363195
Kind Code A1
CHO; Won Min ;   et al. December 15, 2016

MULTI-STAGE TRANSMISSION FOR VEHICLE

Abstract

A multi-stage transmission for a vehicle includes an input shaft, an output shaft, first to fourth planetary gear devices disposed between the input shaft and the output shaft to transmit rotary forces and each of them having three rotary elements, and at least six shifting elements connected to the rotary elements of the planetary gear devices. Of the first planetary gear device, the first rotary element is permanently connected to the input shaft and a second rotary element of the third planetary gear device, a second rotary element is installed to be fixable by any one of the shifting elements and variably connected to a first rotary element of the second planetary gear device, and a third rotary element of the first planetary gear device is permanently connected to a second rotary element and variably connected to a first rotary element of the fourth planetary gear device.


Inventors: CHO; Won Min; (Hwaseong-si, KR) ; KOOK; Jae Chang; (Hwaseong-si, KR) ; HWANG; Seong Wook; (Gunpo-si, KR) ; KWON; Hyun Sik; (Seoul, KR) ; JI; Seong Wook; (Ansan-si, KR) ; SEO; Kang Soo; (Yongin-si, KR) ; NOH; Myeong Hoon; (Seongnam-si, KR)
Applicant:
Name City State Country Type

Hyundai Motor Company

Seoul

KR
Assignee: Hyundai Motor Company
Seoul
KR

Family ID: 1000001857510
Appl. No.: 14/937084
Filed: November 10, 2015


Current U.S. Class: 1/1
Current CPC Class: F16H 3/66 20130101; F16H 2200/0069 20130101; F16H 2200/2097 20130101; F16H 2200/2046 20130101; F16H 2200/2012 20130101
International Class: F16H 3/66 20060101 F16H003/66

Foreign Application Data

DateCodeApplication Number
Jun 11, 2015KR10-2015-0082785

Claims



1. A multi-stage transmission for a vehicle, comprising: an input shaft; an output shaft; first, second, third and fourth planetary gear devices disposed between the input shaft and the output shaft to transmit rotary force, each of the first, second, third and fourth planetary gear devices having three rotary elements; and at least six shifting elements connected to the rotary elements of the planetary gear devices; wherein a first rotary element of the first planetary gear device is permanently connected to the input shaft and a second rotary element of the third planetary gear device, a second rotary element of the first planetary gear device is installed to be fixable by one shifting element of the at least six shifting elements and variably connected to a first rotary element of the second planetary gear device, and a third rotary element of the first planetary gear device is permanently connected to a second rotary element of the second planetary gear device and variably connected to a first rotary element of the fourth planetary gear device; wherein the first rotary element of the second planetary gear device is variably connected to a first rotary element and the second rotary element of the third planetary gear device, and a third rotary element of the second planetary gear device is variably connected to the first rotary element of the third planetary gear device; wherein a third rotary element of the third planetary gear device is permanently connected to a second rotary element of the fourth planetary gear device and the output shaft; and wherein a third rotary element of the fourth planetary gear device is permanently fixed.

2. The multi-stage transmission according to claim 1, wherein the first planetary gear device, the second planetary gear device, the third planetary gear device and the fourth planetary gear device are sequentially arranged along an axial direction of the input shaft or the output shaft.

3. The multi-stage transmission according to claim 2, wherein: the second rotary element of the first planetary gear device is installed to be fixable to a transmission case by means of a second clutch of the at least six shifting elements; and the other shifting elements of the at least six shifting elements are configured to constitute variable connection structures between the rotary elements of the planetary gear devices.

4. The multi-stage transmission according to claim 3, wherein: a first clutch of the at least six shifting elements forms a variable connection structure between the first rotary element of the second planetary gear device and the second rotary element of the third planetary gear device; a third clutch of the at least six shifting elements forms a variable connection structure between the second rotary element of the first planetary gear device and the first rotary element of the second planetary gear device; a fourth clutch of the at least six shifting elements forms a variable connection structure between the third rotary element of the first planetary gear device and the first rotary element of the fourth planetary gear device; a fifth clutch of the at least six shifting elements forms a variable connection structure between the first rotary element of the second planetary gear device and the first rotary element of the third planetary gear device; and a sixth clutch of the at least six shifting elements forms a variable connection structure between the third rotary element of the second planetary gear device and the first rotary element of the third planetary gear.

5. A multi-stage transmission for a vehicle, comprising: first, second, third and fourth planetary gear devices each having three rotary elements, respectively; six shifting elements configured to variably provide frictional forces; and first, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth rotary shafts connected to the rotary elements of the first, second, third and fourth planetary gear devices; wherein the first rotary shaft is an input shaft directly connected to a first rotary element of the first planetary gear device and a second rotary element of the third planetary gear device, the second rotary shaft is directly connected to a second rotary element of the first planetary gear device, the third rotary shaft is directly connected to a third rotary element of the first planetary gear device, the fourth rotary shaft is directly connected to a first rotary element of the second planetary gear device, the fifth rotary shaft is directly connected to a third rotary element of the second planetary gear device, the sixth rotary shaft is directly connected to a first rotary element of the third planetary gear device, the seventh rotary shaft is directly connected to a first rotary element of the fourth planetary gear device, and the eighth rotary shaft is an output shaft directly connected to a third rotary element of the third planetary gear device and a second rotary element of the fourth planetary gear device; and wherein the six shifting elements include first, second, third, fourth, fifth and sixth clutches, the first clutch is disposed between the first rotary shaft and the fourth rotary shaft, the second clutch is disposed between the second rotary shaft and a transmission case, the third clutch is disposed between the second rotary shaft and the fourth rotary shaft, the fourth clutch is disposed between the third rotary shaft and the seventh rotary shaft, the fifth clutch is disposed between the fourth rotary shaft and the sixth rotary shaft, and the sixth clutch is disposed between the fifth rotary shaft and the sixth rotary shaft.

6. The multi-stage transmission according to claim 5, wherein the first planetary gear device, the second planetary gear device, the third planetary gear device and the fourth planetary gear device are sequentially arranged along an axial direction of the input shaft or the output shaft.

7. The multi-stage transmission according to claim 5, wherein: the first clutch of the at least six shifting elements forms a variable connection structure between the first rotary element of the second planetary gear device and the second rotary element of the third planetary gear device; the third clutch of the at least six shifting elements forms a variable connection structure between the second rotary element of the first planetary gear device and the first rotary element of the second planetary gear device; the fourth clutch of the at least six shifting elements forms a variable connection structure between the third rotary element of the first planetary gear device and the first rotary element of the fourth planetary gear device; the fifth clutch of the at least six shifting elements forms a variable connection structure between the first rotary element of the second planetary gear device and the first rotary element of the third planetary gear device; and the sixth clutch of the at least six shifting elements forms a variable connection structure between the third rotary element of the second planetary gear device and the first rotary element of the third planetary gear.

8. The multi-stage transmission according to claim 5, wherein the third rotary element of the fourth planetary gear device is permanently fixed to the transmission case.
Description



CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

[0001] The present application claims priority of Korean Patent Application Number 10-2015-0082785 filed Jun. 11, 2015, the entire contents of which application are incorporated herein for all purposes by this reference.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0002] Field of the Invention

[0003] The present invention generally relates to a multi-stage transmission for a vehicle and, more particularly, to a multi-stage transmission technology able to realize highest possible number of shifting stages using fewer parts and simpler configuration, thereby improving fuel efficiency of a vehicle.

[0004] Description of Related Art

[0005] Recent rising oil prices have driven worldwide car manufacturers into unlimited competition to improve fuel efficiency. In addition, great efforts have been made to reduce the weight and improve the fuel efficiency of engines based on a variety of techniques such as downsizing.

[0006] Meanwhile, among methods that can be sought for transmissions equipped in vehicles to improve fuel efficiency, there is a method allowing an engine to operate at more efficient operation points using the multi-staging of a transmission, thereby ultimately improving the fuel efficiency.

[0007] Further, such the multi-staging of a transmission allows an engine to be operated in a relatively low revolution per minute (RPM) range, thereby further improving the quietness of a vehicle.

[0008] However, as the number of shifting stages of a transmission increases, the number of internal parts constituting the transmission also increases. This may lead to undesirable effects instead, such as the reduced mountability and transfer efficiency and the increased cost and weight of the transmission. Therefore, in order to maximize the effect of the improved fuel efficiency using the multi-staging of a transmission, it is important to devise a transmission structure able to realize maximum efficiency using a smaller number of parts and a relatively simple configuration.

[0009] The information disclosed in this Background section is only for enhancement of understanding of the general background of the invention and should not be taken as an acknowledgement or any form of suggestion that this information forms the prior art already known to a person skilled in the art.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0010] Accordingly, the present invention has been made keeping in mind the above problems occurring in the related art and/or other problems, and the present invention is intended to provide a multi-stage transmission for a vehicle that is able to realize at least ten forward shifting stages and one reverse shifting stage with a relatively small number of parts and a simple configuration such that an engine may be operated at optimum operation points, thereby maximizing an improvement in the fuel efficiency of the vehicle, and the engine may be operated more quietly, thereby improving the quietness of the vehicle.

[0011] In order to achieve the above object and/or other objects, a multi-stage transmission for a vehicle according to the present invention may include: an input shaft; an output shaft; first, second, third and fourth planetary gear devices disposed between the input shaft and the output shaft to transmit rotary forces, each of the first, second, third and fourth planetary gear devices having three rotary elements; and at least six shifting elements connected to the rotary elements of the planetary gear devices. A first rotary element of the first planetary gear device may be permanently connected to the input shaft and a second rotary element of the third planetary gear device, a second rotary element of the first planetary gear device may be installed to be fixable by one shifting element of the at least six shifting elements and variably connected to a first rotary element of the second planetary gear device, and a third rotary element of the first planetary gear device may be permanently connected to a second rotary element of the second planetary gear device and variably connected to a first rotary element of the fourth planetary gear device. The first rotary element of the second planetary gear device may be variably connected to a first rotary element and the second rotary element of the third planetary gear device, and a third rotary element of the second planetary gear device may be variably connected to the first rotary element of the third planetary gear device. A third rotary element of the third planetary gear device may be permanently connected to a second rotary element of the fourth planetary gear device and the output shaft. A third rotary element of the fourth planetary gear device may be permanently fixed.

[0012] The first planetary gear device, the second planetary gear device, the third planetary gear device and the fourth planetary gear device may be sequentially arranged along an axial direction of the input shaft or the output shaft.

[0013] The second rotary element of the first planetary gear device may be installed to be fixable to a transmission case by means of a second clutch of the at least six shifting elements, and the other shifting elements of the at least six shifting elements may be configured to constitute variable connection structures between the rotary elements of the planetary gear devices.

[0014] A first clutch of the at least six shifting elements may form a variable connection structure between the first rotary element of the second planetary gear device and the second rotary element of the third planetary gear device; a third clutch of the at least six shifting elements may form a variable connection structure between the second rotary element of the first planetary gear device and the first rotary element of the second planetary gear device; a fourth clutch of the at least six shifting elements may form a variable connection structure between the third rotary element of the first planetary gear device and the first rotary element of the fourth planetary gear device; a fifth clutch of the at least six shifting elements may form a variable connection structure between the first rotary element of the second planetary gear device and the first rotary element of the third planetary gear device; and a sixth clutch of the at least six shifting elements may form a variable connection structure between the third rotary element of the second planetary gear device and the first rotary element of the third planetary gear device.

[0015] In some aspects, a multi-stage transmission for a vehicle according to the present invention may include: first, second, third and fourth planetary gear devices each having three rotary elements, respectively; six shifting elements configured to variably provide frictional forces; and first, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth rotary shafts connected to the rotary elements of the first to fourth planetary gear devices, wherein the first rotary shaft is an input shaft directly connected to a first rotary element of the first planetary gear device and a second rotary element of the third planetary gear device, the second rotary shaft is directly connected to a second rotary element of the first planetary gear device, the third rotary shaft is directly connected to a third rotary element of the first planetary gear device, the fourth rotary shaft is directly connected to a first rotary element of the second planetary gear device, the fifth rotary shaft is directly connected to a third rotary element of the second planetary gear device, the sixth rotary shaft is directly connected to a first rotary element of the third planetary gear device, the seventh rotary shaft is directly connected to a first rotary element of the fourth planetary gear device, and the eighth rotary shaft is an output shaft directly connected to a third rotary element of the third planetary gear device and a second rotary element of the fourth planetary gear device; and wherein the six shifting elements include first, second, third, fourth, fifth and sixth clutches, the first clutch is disposed between the first rotary shaft and the fourth rotary shaft, the second clutch is disposed between the second rotary shaft and a transmission case, the third clutch is disposed between the second rotary shaft and the fourth rotary shaft, the fourth clutch is disposed between the third rotary shaft and the seventh rotary shaft, the fifth clutch is disposed between the fourth rotary shaft and the sixth rotary shaft, and the sixth clutch is disposed between the fifth rotary shaft and the sixth rotary shaft.

[0016] The first planetary gear device, the second planetary gear device, the third planetary gear device and the fourth planetary gear device may be sequentially arranged along an axial direction of the input shaft or the output shaft.

[0017] The first clutch of the at least six shifting elements may form a variable connection structure between the first rotary element of the second planetary gear device and the second rotary element of the third planetary gear device; the third clutch of the at least six shifting elements may form a variable connection structure between the second rotary element of the first planetary gear device and the first rotary element of the second planetary gear device; the fourth clutch of the at least six shifting elements may form a variable connection structure between the third rotary element of the first planetary gear device and the first rotary element of the fourth planetary gear device; the fifth clutch of the at least six shifting elements may form a variable connection structure between the first rotary element of the second planetary gear device and the first rotary element of the third planetary gear device; and the sixth clutch of the at least six shifting elements may form a variable connection structure between the third rotary element of the second planetary gear device and the first rotary element of the third planetary gear device.

[0018] According to the present invention as set forth above, the multi-stage transmission for a vehicle can realize at least ten forward shifting stages and one reverse shifting stage with a relatively small number of parts and a simple configuration such that the engine may be operated at optimum operation points, thereby maximizing an improvement in the fuel efficiency of the vehicle, and the engine may be operated more quietly, thereby improving the quietness of the vehicle.

[0019] The methods and apparatuses of the present invention have other features and advantages which will be apparent from or are set forth in more detail in the accompanying drawings, which are incorporated herein, and the following Detailed Description, which together serve to explain certain principles of the present invention.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0020] The above and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will be more clearly understood from the following detailed description when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:

[0021] FIG. 1 is a diagram illustrating the configuration of a multi-stage transmission for a vehicle according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention;

[0022] FIG. 2 illustrates an operation mode table of the transmission shown in FIG. 1.

DESCRIPTION OF SPECIFIC EMBODIMENTS

[0023] Reference will now be made in detail to various embodiments of the present invention(s), examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings and described below. While the invention(s) will be described in conjunction with exemplary embodiments, it will be understood that present description is not intended to limit the invention(s) to those exemplary embodiments. On the contrary, the invention(s) is/are intended to cover not only the exemplary embodiments, but also various alternatives, modifications, equivalents and other embodiments, which may be included within the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.

[0024] Referring to FIG. 1, a multi-stage transmission for a vehicle according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention may include an input shaft IN; an output shaft OUT; first to fourth planetary gear devices PG1, PG2, PG3 and PG4 disposed between the input shaft IN and/or the output shaft OUT to transmit rotary force, each of the first to fourth planetary gear devices PG1 to PG4 having three rotary elements; and at least six shifting elements connected to rotary elements of the first to fourth planetary gear devices PG1 to PG4.

[0025] A first rotary element S1 of the first planetary gear device PG1 may be permanently connected to the input shaft IN and a second rotary element C3 of the third planetary gear device PG3. A second rotary element C1 of the first planetary gear device PG1 may be installed to be fixable by one shifting element of the at least six shifting elements and variably connected to a first rotary element S2 of the second planetary gear device PG2. A third rotary element R1 of the first planetary gear device PG1 may be permanently or directly connected to a second rotary element C2 of the second planetary gear device PG2 and variably connected to a first rotary element S4 of the fourth planetary gear device PG4.

[0026] The first rotary element S2 of the second planetary gear device PG2 may be variably connected to a first rotary element S3 and the second rotary element C3 of the third planetary gear device PG3, and the third rotary element R2 of the second planetary gear device PG2 may be variably connected to the first rotary element S3 of the third planetary gear device PG3.

[0027] The third rotary element R3 of the third planetary gear device PG3 may be permanently connected to a second rotary element C4 of the fourth planetary gear device PG4 and the output shaft OUT. A third rotary element R4 of the fourth planetary gear device PG4 may be permanently fixed.

[0028] In the present exemplary embodiment, the first planetary gear device PG1, the second planetary gear device PG2, the third planetary gear device PG3 and the fourth planetary gear device PG4 may be sequentially arranged along the axial direction of the input shaft IN and/or the output shaft OUT.

[0029] The second rotary element C1 of the first planetary gear device PG1 may be installed to be fixable to a transmission case CS by means of a second clutch CL2 of the at least six shifting elements.

[0030] Therefore, the second clutch CL2 functions as a brake such that the second rotary element C1 of the first planetary gear device PG1 may be converted to rotatable state or restrained state not to be rotated by means of the operation of the second clutch CL2.

[0031] The other shifting elements of the at least six shifting elements may be configured to constitute variable connection structures between the rotary elements of the planetary gear devices.

[0032] For example, a first clutch CL1 of the at least six shifting elements may form a variable connection structure between the first rotary element S2 of the second planetary gear device PG2 and the second rotary element C3 of the third planetary gear device PG3. A third clutch CL3 of the at least six shifting elements may form a variable connection structure between the second rotary element C1 of the first planetary gear device PG1 and the first rotary element S2 of the second planetary gear device PG2. A fourth clutch CL4 of the at least six shifting elements may form a variable connection structure between the third rotary element R1 of the first planetary gear device PG1 and the first rotary element S4 of the fourth planetary gear device PG4. A fifth clutch CL5 of the at least six shifting elements may form a variable connection structure between the first rotary element S2 of the second planetary gear device PG2 and the first rotary element S3 of the third planetary gear device PG3. A sixth clutch CL6 of the at least six shifting elements may form a variable connection structure between the third rotary element R2 of the second planetary gear device PG2 and the first rotary element S3 of the third planetary gear device PG3.

[0033] In the present exemplary embodiment, the first rotary element S1, the second rotary element C1 and the third rotary element R1 of the first planetary gear device PG1 are a first sun gear, a first carrier and a first ring gear, respectively. The first rotary element S2, the second rotary element C2 and the third rotary element R2 of the second planetary gear device PG2 are a second sun gear, a second carrier and a second ring gear, respectively. The first rotary element S3, the second rotary element C3 and the third rotary element R3 of the third planetary gear device PG3 are a third sun gear, a third carrier and a third ring gear, respectively. The first rotary element S4, the second rotary element C4 and the third rotary element R4 of the fourth planetary gear device PG4 are a fourth sun gear, a fourth carrier and a fourth ring gear, respectively.

[0034] The multi-stage transmission for a vehicle configured as above may also be presented as follows.

[0035] Specifically, the multi-stage transmission for a vehicle according to the present invention may include the first to fourth planetary gear devices PG1 to PG4 each having the three rotary elements; the six shifting elements configured to variably provide frictional forces; and eight rotary shafts connected to the rotary elements of the first to fourth planetary gear devices PG1 to PG4.

[0036] Hence, of the eight rotary shafts, the first rotary shaft RS1 may be the input shaft IN directly connected to the first rotary element S1 of the first planetary gear device PG1 and the second rotary element C3 of the third planetary gear device PG3. The second rotary shaft RS2 may be directly connected to the second rotary element C1 of the first planetary gear device PG1. The third rotary shaft RS3 may be directly connected to the third rotary element R1 of the first planetary gear device PG1. The fourth rotary shaft RS4 may be directly connected to the first rotary element S2 of the second planetary gear device PG2. The fifth rotary shaft RS5 may be directly connected to the third rotary element R2 of the second planetary gear device PG2. The sixth rotary shaft RS6 may be directly connected to the first rotary element S3 of the third planetary gear device PG3. The seventh rotary shaft RS7 may be directly connected to the first rotary element S4 of the fourth planetary gear device PG4. The eighth rotary shaft RS8 may be the output shaft OUT directly connected to the third rotary element R3 of the third planetary gear device PG3 and the second rotary element C4 of the fourth planetary gear device PG4.

[0037] In addition, of the six shifting elements, the first clutch CL1 may be disposed between the first rotary shaft RS1 and the fourth rotary shaft RS4. The second clutch CL2 may be disposed between the second rotary shaft RS2 and the transmission case CS. The third clutch CL3 may be disposed between the second rotary shaft RS2 and the fourth rotary shaft RS4. The fourth clutch CL4 may be disposed between the third rotary shaft RS3 and the seventh rotary shaft RS7. The fifth clutch CL5 may be disposed between the fourth rotary shaft RS4 and the sixth rotary shaft RS6. The sixth clutch CL6 may be disposed between the fifth rotary shaft RS5 and the sixth rotary shaft RS6.

[0038] The first planetary gear device PG1, the second planetary gear device PG2, the third planetary gear device PG3 and the fourth planetary gear device PG4 may be sequentially arranged along the axial direction of the input shaft IN and/or the output shaft OUT.

[0039] The first clutch CL1 of the at least six shifting elements may form a variable connection structure between the first rotary element S2 of the second planetary gear device PG2 and the second rotary element C3 of the third planetary gear device PG3. The third clutch CL3 of the at least six shifting elements may form a variable connection structure between the second rotary element C1 of the first planetary gear device PG1 and the first rotary element S2 of the second planetary gear device PG2. The fourth clutch CL4 of the at least six shifting elements may form a variable connection structure between the third rotary element R1 of the first planetary gear device PG1 and the first rotary element S4 of the fourth planetary gear device PG4. The fifth clutch CL5 of the at least six shifting elements may form a variable connection structure between the first rotary element S2 of the second planetary gear device PG2 and the first rotary element S3 of the third planetary gear device PG3. The sixth clutch CL6 of the at least six shifting elements may form a variable connection structure between the third rotary element R2 of the second planetary gear device PG2 and the first rotary element S3 of the third planetary gear device PG3.

[0040] Hence, the third rotary element R4 of the fourth planetary gear device PG4 may be permanently fixed to the transmission case CS.

[0041] As set forth above, the multi-stage transmission for a vehicle according to the present invention including the four simple planetary gear devices and the six shifting elements realizes ten forward shifting stages and one reverse shifting stage according to the operation mode table as illustrated in FIG. 2. Since the multi-stage shifting stages of ten shifting stages can be embodied based on a relatively small number of parts and a simple configuration, the multi-stage transmission for a vehicle can contribute to the improved fuel efficiency and quietness of a vehicle, thereby ultimately improving the marketability of the vehicle.

[0042] The foregoing descriptions of specific exemplary embodiments of the present invention have been presented for purposes of illustration and description. They are not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention to the precise forms disclosed, and obviously many modifications and variations are possible in light of the above teachings. The exemplary embodiments were chosen and described in order to explain certain principles of the invention and their practical application, to thereby enable others skilled in the art to make and utilize various exemplary embodiments of the present invention, as well as various alternatives and modifications thereof. It is intended that the scope of the invention be defined by the Claims appended hereto and their equivalents.

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