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United States Patent Application 20170043812
Kind Code A1
MURAMATSU; Yuki February 16, 2017

PANEL STRUCTURE

Abstract

The independent Y-shaped bead 10 is provided on the panel P with a planar shape. The bead 10 includes the plurality of branching portions 10a, 10b, and 10c radially extending from the intersection R3 at an equal interval.


Inventors: MURAMATSU; Yuki; (WAKO-SHI, JP)
Applicant:
Name City State Country Type

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD.

Tokyo

JP
Family ID: 1000002120683
Appl. No.: 15/227487
Filed: August 3, 2016


Current U.S. Class: 1/1
Current CPC Class: B62D 25/20 20130101
International Class: B62D 25/20 20060101 B62D025/20

Foreign Application Data

DateCodeApplication Number
Aug 10, 2015JP2015-158486

Claims



1. A panel structure, wherein an independent Y-shaped bead is provided on a panel with a planar shape.

2. The structure according to claim 1, wherein the bead includes a plurality of branching portions radially extending from an intersection at an equal interval.

3. The structure according to claim 2, wherein the branching portions extend from the intersection at an interval of about 120.degree..

4. The structure according to claim 2, wherein the branching portions extend from the intersection in a substantially equal length.

5. The structure according to claim 1, wherein in an edge portion of the panel on which the bead is provided, an extension line of a branching portion farthest from the edge portion is arranged to be substantially perpendicular to a ridge line of the edge portion.

6. The structure according to claim 1, wherein when providing a plurality of beads on the panel, the beads are arranged by inverting directions of beads adjacent to each other by 180.degree..

7. The structure according to claim 1, wherein the panel comprises a floor panel for an automobile, which is made of a metal.
Description



BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0001] Field of the Invention

[0002] The present invention relates to a panel structure provided with beads.

[0003] Description of the Related Art

[0004] The floor panel of an automobile or the like is provided with beads that vertically and horizontally intersect each other. This can increase the rigidity of the floor panel to the bending mode of a car body in the side-to-side and back-and-forth directions and reduce a vibration/noise (Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 6-107234).

[0005] In Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 6-107234, however, since the beads are provided on the entire floor panel, the comfortableness of the floor, difficulty in sheet mounting, and the manufacturing cost are susceptible to improvement.

[0006] Additionally, in Japanese Patent Laid-Open No. 6-107234, since loads concentrate to a portion where a vertical bead and a horizontal bead intersect, a starting point of a break or bending is formed. Furthermore, no bead can be provided on a narrow area portion of the planar portion of the panel.

[0007] Note that to ensure the rigidity of the panel or the comfortableness of the floor, a vibration and noise need to be suppressed by increasing the board thickness of the floor panel or attaching/applying an anti-vibration material (melting sheet), resulting in an increase in the weight.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0008] The present invention has been made in consideration of the aforementioned problems, and realizes a panel structure capable of increasing rigidity to loads from every direction and reduce a vibration/noise with a simple arrangement.

[0009] In order to solve the aforementioned problems, the first aspect of the present invention provides a panel structure, wherein an independent Y-shaped bead is provided on a panel with a planar shape.

[0010] According to the present invention, it is possible to realize a panel structure capable of increasing rigidity to loads from every direction and reduce a vibration/noise with a simple arrangement.

[0011] Other features and advantages besides those discussed above shall be apparent to those skilled in the art from the description of an embodiment of the invention as follows. In the description, reference is made to accompanying drawings, which form apart thereof, and which illustrate an example of the invention. Such example, however, is not exhaustive of the various embodiments of the invention, and therefore reference is made to the claims which follow the description for determining the scope of the invention.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0012] FIGS. 1A to 1C are views for explaining the problems of beads in various shapes;

[0013] FIGS. 2A to 2C are views for explaining a bead shape according to the embodiment;

[0014] FIG. 3 is a plan view showing the floor panel structure of an automobile according to the embodiment;

[0015] FIG. 4A is an enlarged view of the floor panel shown in FIG. 3 viewed from the upper side;

[0016] FIG. 4B is an enlarged view of the floor panel shown in FIG. 3 viewed from the lower side;

[0017] FIG. 5 is a view for explaining an example of the arrangement of the beads according to the embodiment; and

[0018] FIG. 6 is a view for explaining an example of the arrangement of the beads according to the embodiment.

DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS

[0019] An embodiment of the present invention will now be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.

[0020] Examination of Beads in Various Shapes

[0021] The problems of beads in various shapes will be examined first with reference to FIGS. 1A to 1C.

[0022] As shown in FIG. 1A, in a case in which a bead B1 has a linear shape, if a load F1 is input from a direction along the linear portion of the bead B1, the bead B1 disperses the load F1 and contributes to an increase in rigidity. However, a load F2' input by a load F2 from a direction perpendicular to (intersecting) the linear portion of the bead B1 causes a bending.

[0023] As shown in FIG. 1B, in a case in which a bead B2 has a cross shape, if a load F3 is input from a direction along the linear portion of one bead B21, a load F3' acting on the boundary to the other bead B22 that is perpendicular to (intersects) the bead B21 causes a bending.

[0024] In addition, the larger the area of an intersecting portion R1 of the two beads B21 and B22 is, more readily a break occurs if the strength of the intersecting portion R1 is insufficient. That is, the intersecting portion R1 is the portion to which the loads from the two beads B21 and B22 concentrate. The intersecting portion R1 has a flat shape projecting upward, and the two beads B21 and B22 intersect there. For this reason, if the board is thin, the strength is short, resulting in fracture.

[0025] As shown in FIG. 1C, in a case in which a plurality of (for example, four) beads B31, B32, B33, and B34 intersect at an almost equal interval, a load F4' acting on the boundary between the bead B31 to which the load is input and the bead B33 that is perpendicular to (intersects) the bead B33 readily causes a bending, as in the cross-shaped bead B2 shown in FIG. 1B. In addition, when a load F4 is input to the bead B31, the number of beads (beads B33 and B34) that receive the load F4' and F4'' dispersed from the load F4 increases. Since the load becomes larger than in the cross-shaped bead, and the area of the flat surface of an intersecting portion R2 further increases, a break readily occurs.

[0026] Bead Shape of Embodiment

[0027] Based on the above examination, in this embodiment, a bead 10 is formed into an almost Y shape or an almost trifurcated shape, as schematically illustrated in FIG. 2A. When the Y-shaped bead is employed, transmission paths r1 and r2 to disperse a load F5 input to one (a branching portion 10a in FIG. 2A) of the three branching portions are ensured by remaining branching portions 10b and 10c. In addition, since the branching portions of the bead are not perpendicular to each other, a load input to one branching portion is never input to the boundary to the remaining branching portions from a direction perpendicular to them. Hence, the bead is less bendable than the cross-shaped bead B2 shown in FIG. 1B. Furthermore, since an intersecting portion R3 has a triangular shape, and its area is 1/2 the area of the intersecting portion R1 of the cross-shaped bead B2 (if the bead width is the same), the bead hardly breaks even if the board thickness of the flat portion is small.

[0028] More specifically, as shown in FIG. 2B, the Y-shaped bead 10 includes the three branching portions 10a, 10b, and 10c radially extending from the intersecting portion (intersection) R3 at an equal interval. The branching portions 10a, 10b, and 10c extend in an almost equal length from the intersecting portion R3 at an interval of about 120.degree.. As shown in the sectional view of FIG. 2C taken along a line a-a in FIG. 2B, each of the branching portions 10a, 10b, and 10c has a sectional shape projecting upward in the board thickness direction, and includes slope portions 11 standing obliquely upward from a panel P with a planar shape so as to form an inverted V shape, and a flat top portion 12 that defines the upper ends of the slope portions 11. Note that the Y-shaped bead need only have a trifurcated shape, and the length of the branching portions can arbitrarily be set.

[0029] When the Y-shaped beads 10 are arranged at an equal interval, the rigidity of the panel P can efficiently be improved. In addition, a plurality of beads can be arranged at an arbitrary density on a portion of a narrow area, as will be described later with reference to FIG. 6.

[0030] Furthermore, when the branching portions 10a, 10b, and 10c of the Y-shaped bead 10 have an almost equal length, the rigidity can evenly be increased, and the plurality of beads can easily be arranged.

[0031] Floor Structure of Embodiment

[0032] An arrangement that provides the independent Y-shaped beads 10 on the floor panel of an automobile will be described below as a floor structure according to the present invention.

[0033] FIG. 3 is a plan view showing the floor panel structure of an automobile according to the embodiment. FIG. 4A is an enlarged view of the floor panel shown in FIG. 3 viewed from the upper side. FIG. 4B is an enlarged view of the floor panel shown in FIG. 3 viewed from the lower side.

[0034] As shown in FIGS. 3, 4A, and 4B, a floor panel FP made of a metal steel sheet for an automobile forms the rear portion of a front floor panel Pf, and is located in front of a rear floor panel Pr and under the rear seat in the car.

[0035] The floor panel FP includes a first panel FP1 located at the center in the car width direction, and second panels FP2 located on both of the left and right sides of the first panel FP1 in the car width direction. The first panel FP1 and the second panels FP2 continue with steps in the vertical direction.

[0036] The floor panel FP is connected to the rear floor panel Pr located on the back side of the car body. The first panel FP1 has a shape rising upward so as to continue to a center tunnel Pt extending in the back-and-forth direction at the center of the front floor panel Pf in the car width direction.

[0037] The plurality of Y-shaped beads 10 are provided on each of the planar portions of the first panel FP1 and the second panels FP2 while being spaced apart from each other.

[0038] As in this embodiment, when the Y-shaped beads 10 are provided on the floor panel FP on which the seat surface of the rear seat is arranged, the surface rigidity of the panel increases, and the rigidity to loads input to the floor panel from various directions such as the side-to-side and back-and-forth directions can be increased by the simple structure without sacrificing the comfortableness of the floor in the car. In addition, the increase in the surface rigidity contributes to reduction of a vibration/noise.

[0039] When the bead 10 has a Y shape, a break at the intersecting portion R1 or R2 where the beads intersect or a bending starting from the intersecting portion R1 or R2 as described with reference to FIGS. 1A to 1C hardly occurs.

[0040] When the individual beads 10 are provided while being spaced apart without connection, the beads can be prevented from being connected and deformed. In addition, the beads can easily be arranged even on a narrow part or edge of the floor panel, as will be described later with reference to FIGS. 5 and 6.

[0041] Note that there is advantage from the viewpoint of the manufacturing step because the beads 10 can be molded simultaneously as the press molding of the floor panel FP.

[0042] Many loads are input to the automobile from various directions, for example, from the road surface at the time of traveling or from the engine. In addition, the automobile is particularly required to be lightweight because of the restriction of fuel consumption or the like.

[0043] To meet this requirement, the Y-shaped beads 10 are provided on the metal steel sheet that makes the floor panel of the automobile so as to increase the surface rigidity to various directions to input the loads and decrease the board thickness or melting sheet application amount, thereby contributing to weight reduction.

[0044] Additionally, for example, when providing the Y-shaped beads 10 on an edge portion FPe of the second panel FP2 of the floor panel FP, as shown in FIG. 5, an extension line L1 of the branching portion 10c located farthest from the edge portion FPe is arranged to be almost perpendicular to a ridge line L2 of the edge portion FPe, thereby giving sufficient surface rigidity up to the edge portion FPe of the floor panel FP.

[0045] In particular, when arranging the plurality of Y-shaped beads 10 on a narrow part, the directions of beads 10A, 10B, 10C, and 10D adjacent to each other are inverted by 180.degree. so as to attain a positional relationship in which the branching portions facing each other between adjacent beads become parallel, as shown in FIGS. 4A, 4B and 6. In the example of FIG. 6, the beads are arranged to attain a positional relationship in which branching portions 10A1 and 10B1 and branching portions 10A3 and 10B3 are parallel between adjacent beads 10A and 10B, branching portions 10B2 and 10C2 and branching portions 10B1 and 10C1 are parallel between the adjacent beads 10B and 10C, and the branching portions 10A3 and 10D3 and the branching portions 10C2 and 10D2 are parallel between the adjacent beads 10A, 10C, and 10D.

[0046] Since the adjacent beads can thus be arranged in a staggered pattern, the plurality of beads can easily be arranged even on a portion of a narrow area, and the surface rigidity to loads from various directions can be increased.

[0047] In addition, since the number or density of beads can arbitrarily be changed in accordance with the planar shape of the panel, the beads can efficiently be arranged even if a hole or the like exists in the panel regardless of the planar shape of the panel.

[0048] The above-described embodiment is an example for implementing the present invention, and the present invention is applicable to a change or modification of the embodiment without departing from the spirit and scope thereof.

[0049] In this embodiment, the beads are provided on the floor panel for an automobile. However, the present invention is not limited to this, and may be applied to another panel member or any other member such as a frame member that needs rigidity, or for an application purpose other than the automobile.

SUMMARY OF EMBODIMENT

[0050] Arrangement 1

[0051] The independent Y-shaped bead 10 is provided on the panel P with a planar shape.

[0052] According to arrangement 1, it is possible to increase rigidity to loads from every direction and reduce a vibration/noise with a simple arrangement.

[0053] Arrangement 2

[0054] In arrangement 1, the bead 10 includes the plurality of branching portions 10a, 10b, and 10c radially extending from the intersection R3 at an equal interval.

[0055] According to arrangement 2, the surface rigidity of the panel can evenly efficiently be increased.

[0056] Arrangement 3

[0057] In arrangement 2, the branching portions 10a, 10b, and 10c extend from the intersection R3 at an interval of about 120.degree..

[0058] According to arrangement 3, the surface rigidity of the panel can evenly efficiently be increased.

[0059] Arrangement 4

[0060] In arrangement 2 or 3, the branching portions 10a, 10b, and 10c extend from the intersection R3 in an almost equal length.

[0061] According to arrangement 4, the surface rigidity can evenly be increased, and a plurality of beads can be arranged at a high density on a portion of a narrow area.

[0062] Arrangement 5

[0063] In any one of arrangements 1 to 4, in the edge portion FPe of the panel P on which the bead 10 is provided, the extension line L1 of the branching portion 10c farthest from the edge portion FPe is arranged to be almost perpendicular to the ridge line L2 of the edge portion FPe.

[0064] According to arrangement 5, it is possible to give sufficient surface rigidity up to the edge portion of the panel.

[0065] Arrangement 6

[0066] In any one of arrangements 1 to 5, when providing the plurality of beads 10 on the panel P, the beads are arranged by inverting the directions of beads adjacent to each other by 180.degree..

[0067] According to arrangement 6, the plurality of beads can easily be arranged even on a portion of a narrow area, and the surface rigidity to loads from various directions can be increased.

[0068] Arrangement 7

[0069] In any one of arrangements 1 to 6, the panel P is the floor panel FP for an automobile, which is made of a metal.

[0070] According to arrangement 7, the rigidity to loads input to the floor panel from various directions can be increased by the simple structure without sacrificing the comfortableness of the floor in the car to increase the rigidity of the floor panel. In addition, when the rigidity of floor panel increases, a vibration or noise can be reduced.

[0071] The present invention is not limited to the above embodiments and various changes and modifications can be made within the spirit and scope of the present invention. Therefore, to apprise the public of the scope of the present invention the following claims are made.

[0072] This application claims the benefit of Japanese Patent Application No. 2015-158486, filed Aug. 10, 2015, which is hereby incorporated by reference herein in its entirety.

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