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United States Patent Application 20170044529
Kind Code A1
Ruohola-Baker; Hannele ;   et al. February 16, 2017

Methods and Compositions to Modulate RNA Processing

Abstract

The present disclosure provides methods and compositions to selectively modulate RNA processing. The methods and compositions selectively enhance or repress RNA processing by up- or down-regulating Drosha expression and/or by providing RNA sequences with mismatches introduced or removed 5 and/or 9-12 nucleotide positions from the Drosha cutting site. Therapeutic uses of the methods and compositions are also described.


Inventors: Ruohola-Baker; Hannele; (Seattle, WA) ; Banik; Pratyusha; (Bothell, WA) ; Beem; Alan; (Seattle, WA) ; Shannon; Sandra; (Sammamish, WA) ; Sperber; Henrik; (Seattle, WA)
Applicant:
Name City State Country Type

UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON THROUGH ITS CENTER FOR COMMERCIALIZATION

Seattle

WA

US
Family ID: 1000002408109
Appl. No.: 15/166085
Filed: May 26, 2016


Related U.S. Patent Documents

Application NumberFiling DatePatent Number
14652756Jun 16, 20159416369
PCT/US2013/076256Dec 18, 2013
15166085
61738821Dec 18, 2012

Current U.S. Class: 1/1
Current CPC Class: C12N 15/113 20130101; C12N 2310/533 20130101; C12N 2310/141 20130101
International Class: C12N 15/113 20060101 C12N015/113

Goverment Interests



STATEMENT OF GOVERNMENT INTEREST

[0002] This invention was made with government support under grant no. R01 GM083867, awarded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The government has certain rights in the invention.
Claims



1. An expression vector encoding an endogenous RNA-based molecule altered to encode at least one mis-match at nucleotide position 5, 9, 10, 11 or 12 from the RNA's Drosha cutting site.

2. An expression vector of claim 1 altered to encode two mis-matches at nucleotide positions selected from 5, 9, 10, 11 or 12 from the RNA's Drosha cutting site.

3. An expression vector of claim 1 altered to encode three mis-matches at nucleotide positions selected from 5, 9, 10, 11 or 12 from the RNA's Drosha cutting site.

4. An expression vector of claim 1 altered to encode four mis-matches at nucleotide positions selected from 5, 9, 10, 11 or 12 from the RNA's Drosha cutting site.

5. An expression vector of claim 1 altered to encode five mis-matches at nucleotide positions 5, 9, 10, 11 and 12 from the RNA's Drosha cutting site.

6. An RNA-based molecule comprising an endogenous RNA sequence altered to include at least one mis-match at position 5, 9, 10, 11 or 12 from the RNA's Drosha cutting site.

7. An RNA-based molecule of claim 6 altered to include at least two mis-matches at position 5, 9, 10, 11 or 12 from the RNA's Drosha cutting site.

8. An RNA-based molecule of claim 6 altered to include at least three mis-matches at position 5, 9, 10, 11 or 12 from the RNA's Drosha cutting site.

9. An RNA-based molecule of claim 6 altered to include at least four mis-matches at position 5, 9, 10, 11 or 12 from the RNA's Drosha cutting site.

10. An RNA-based molecule of claim 6 altered to include five mis-matches at position 5, 9, 10, 11 and 12 from the RNA's Drosha cutting site.

11. An RNA-based molecule of claim 6, wherein the RNA is miRNA.

12. A method of selectively targeting a tissue or cell type with high Drosha expression levels for up-regulation of an RNA molecule comprising administering an RNA-based molecule of claim 6 to a subject.

13. A method of claim 12 wherein the selective targeting results in a higher level of the up-regulated RNA molecule in liver over brain; in intestine over liver and pancreas; in ovaries over uterus; malignant cells over non-malignant cells or in young T-cells over mature T-cells.
Description



CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0001] This application is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 14/652,756, filed on 16 Jun. 2015, which is a national phase of PCT/US2013/076256 filed on 18 Dec. 2013 which claims priority to U.S. 61/738,821 filed on 18 Dec. 2012, the entire disclosures of which are incorporated by reference herein.

FIELD OF THE DISCLOSURE

[0003] The present disclosure provides methods and compositions to selectively modulate RNA processing. The methods and compositions selectively enhance or repress RNA processing by up- or down-regulating Drosha expression and/or by providing RNA sequences with mis-matches introduced or removed 5 and/or 9-12 nucleotide positions from the Drosha cutting site. Therapeutic uses of the methods and compositions are also described.

BACKGROUND OF THE DISCLOSURE

[0004] Generally, for a protein to exert an effect, the cell that will use or secrete the protein must create it. To create a protein the cell first makes a copy of the protein's gene sequence in the nucleus of the cell. This copy of the gene sequence that encodes for the protein (called messenger RNA ("mRNA")) leaves the nucleus and is trafficked to a region of the cell containing ribosomes. Ribosomes read the sequence of the mRNA and create the protein for which it encodes. This process of new protein synthesis is known as translation. A variety of factors affect the rate and efficiency of protein translation. Among the most significant of these factors is the intrinsic stability of the mRNA itself. If the mRNA is degraded quickly within the cell (such as before it reaches a ribosome), it is unable to serve as a template for new protein translation, thus reducing the cell's ability to create the protein for which it encoded.

[0005] MicroRNAs (miRNA which also include isomiRs) are a group of short, non-coding RNAs that bind target mRNAs to either inhibit their translation or reduce their stability. miRNAs are transcribed in the nucleus as part of a primary microRNA (pri-miRNA). The length of pri-miRNAs is highly variable, ranging from .about.200 up to several thousand nucleotides (nt). pri-miRNAs are cleaved by the cellular Microprocessor complex, which consists of several components, principally Drosha and DGCR8. Drosha and DGCR8 cooperatively bind pri-miRNA, and Drosha cleaves the primary pri-miRNA transcript at .about.11 base pairs from the base of the stem-loop, liberating a structure known as the precursor microRNA (pre-miRNA).

[0006] pre-miRNA is .about.60-70 nt in length and forms a frequently mismatched hairpin structure with a 2 nt 3' overhang. The pre-miRNA is transported from the nucleus to the cytoplasm and is subsequently cleaved by the enzyme Dicer with its cofactor trans-activator RNA (tar)-binding protein (TRBP). Dicer binds the 3'-overhang and cleaves the pre-miRNA .about.22 nt from the Drosha-cutting site to remove the terminal loop resulting in an imperfect .about.22 nt miRNA/miRNA* duplex. The miRNA enters the RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC), whereas the miRNA* strand is degraded. While the Drosha and Dicer processing mechanisms are described in relation to miRNA, the same mechanisms can process various other RNA types as well including mRNA.

[0007] RNAs, including miRNAs, are involved with the onset of various diseases, immunoregulation, neural growth and stem cell renewal and maintenance. RNA levels can be regulated in several ways. For example, pri-miRNA transcription is regulated by common DNA transcription factors, e.g. c-Myc. The Microprocessor complex contains several components besides Drosha and DGCR8, such as the DEAD-box helicases p68 and p72, which have been proposed to stabilize the Microprocessor complex. Other components of the Microprocessor include SMAD proteins which have been found to selectively upregulate certain RNAs, e.g. mir-21. The DGCR8 mRNA has stem loop structures that can be cleaved by the Microprocessor, accordingly giving DGCR8 a self regulating mechanism.

SUMMARY OF THE DISCLOSURE

[0008] The current disclosure provides methods and compositions to selectively enhance or repress RNA processing by up- or down-regulating Drosha expression and/or by providing RNA sequences with mis-matches introduced or removed 5 and/or 9-12 nucleotide (nt) positions from the Drosha cutting site. Particularly, the disclosure shows that altered Drosha expression levels can selectively regulate RNAs with particular secondary structures. More particularly, the current disclosure shows that RNA with fewer mismatches located 5 nt and/or 9-12 nt from the Drosha cutting site show greater resilience to reduced Drosha expression (i.e., their cleavage is less affected by reduced Drosha expression). On the other hand, RNA with more mismatches 5 nt and/or 9-12 nt from the Drosha cutting site show reduced cleavage (decreased levels) when Drosha levels are reduced and are thus less resilient to reduced Drosha expression. The current disclosure also shows that Drosha expression fluctuates during development and across different cell types. Understanding this novel mechanism of RNA regulation as well as the fluctuating levels of Drosha expression during development and across cell types allows one to up- or down-regulate Drosha expression to affect RNAs that are expressed within a cell. Conversely or in addition, one can predict changed RNA expression during development and/or in particular cell types and can selectively up- or down-regulate RNA during times of low or high natural expression. The current disclosure also provides for the strategic design of RNAs that can be more or less resilient to changing Drosha expression. Each of these mechanisms provide avenues for intelligent therapeutic design.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURES

[0009] FIG. 1. Fold change of miRNA expression between Drosha knockdown and control H1 hESC for 220 miRNAs assayed by qPCR. Arrow marks median (0.495).

[0010] FIG. 2. Fold change of expression for miRNAs between Drosha knockdown and Control H1 hESC for 220 miRNAs assayed by qPCR and grouped by genomic origin (intergenic/intronic).

[0011] FIG. 3A-C. Counting of mismatches in miRNAs in H1 cells with DroshaKD and control cells. Positions regarded as mismatched are marked by numerals in light grey (FIG. 3A). Mismatches summed for positions counted from the Drosha cutting site for a set of 202 miRNAs split in two equal groups based on fold change in the Drosha knockdown (FIG. 3B). P-values were calculated using Pearson's Chi-squared test with Yates' continuity correction, giving log p-values <-2 for positions 5, 10, 11 and 12 for the full data set split in half (dark grey) and for the quartiles at the extreme ends with sample size extrapolated to that of the full data set (FIG. 3C).

[0012] FIG. 4A-H. Differential expression of Drosha in mouse tissues. Expression levels in Drosha in mouse tissues, normalized to EEF2; GEO(GDS3052) (FIG. 4A), GEO(GDS3142) (FIG. 4B). Fold change of Drosha expression in liver, compared to the average expression of EEF2, RPL13A, SDHA, TBO and UBC; GDS3052 (FIG. 4C), GDS3142 (FIG. 4D). qPCR analysis of Drosha mRNA levels in mouse brain and liver (FIG. 4E), Quantification of Drosha protein levels show 9.6 fold increase in brain compared to liver tissue (p<0.05) (FIG. 4F), Western blot of Drosha protein in mouse brain and liver normalized to total protein (Coomassie Blue) (FIG. 4G), Geometric mean of clone counts of miRNAs with 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 mismatches in the positions 5, 9-12 nucleotides from the Drosha cutting site in mouse liver and brain (Takada et al. 2006) (FIG. 4H).

[0013] FIG. 5A-C. Drosha levels and miRNA profiles during T-cell differentiation. Drosha levels in T-cells measured by qPCR, normalized to .beta.-actin (Chong et al. 2010) (FIG. 5A). Drosha levels in developing mouse brain (GDS3442), normalized to EEF2 (FIG. 5B). Ratio (CD4SP/DN3) of average expression for each miRNA group based on number of mismatches in the 5, 9-12 region (FIG. 5C).

[0014] FIG. 6A-C. Changes in gene expression levels during neuronal differentiation. Drosha expression in neuronal differentiation of H1 hESC into Pax6+ neural cells (RNAseq) (FIG. 6A). Number of mismatches in miRNAs with high and low fold change through days 0-6 (multiArray) (FIG. 6B). Number of mismatches in miRNAs with high and low fold change through days 6-12 (multiArray) (FIG. 6C).

[0015] FIG. 7A-D. Predicted structures of wild-type and modified hairpins of hsa-mir-145 (FIG. 7A), -137 (FIG. 7B), -9-1 (FIG. 7D) and 200b (FIG. 7C), demonstrating canonical "mismatched" and "rigid" miRNA hairpins. Entropy curves of the nucleotide sequence, starting at the 5' end, indicate stability changes being local to the changed regions.

[0016] FIG. 8A-D. Fold change of over expression levels of wild type and mutated versions of miR-145 (FIG. 8A), -137 (FIG. 8B), -200b (FIG. 8C) and -9 (FIG. 8D) between Drosha knockdown and control HeLa cells, assayed by TaqMan.RTM. probes and normalized to RNU66. (n=3). Transfection efficiency was accounted for by SYBRgreen.RTM. qPCR of the bleomycin resistance gene in the vector, normalized to GAPDH and subtracted from the .DELTA.Ct values from the TaqMan.RTM. assays. Final normalization was made to the fold change of over expression for each wt construct. Statistical significance was calculated using a student's t-test, resulting in p-values of <0.01 (mir-145), <0.05 (mir-137), =0.05 (mir-200b).

[0017] FIG. 9A-B. in vitro processing of miRNAs using nuclear extract. FIG. 9A. in vitro transcribed miRNAs, processed by 293T cell nuclear extract and visualized on a 10% urea-polyacrylamide gel. Bands corresponding to processed pre-miRNAs are marked in grey, and areas containing pri-miRNAs used for normalization are labeled in black. FIG. 9B. 10/90 minute ratios of quantified pre-miRNA levels normalized to each respective pri-miRNA levels.

[0018] FIG. 10. Counting of mismatches in miRNAs in H1 cells with DicerKD and control cells. Mismatches summed for positions counted from the Drosha cutting site for a set of 202 miRNAs split in two equal groups based on fold change (median=0.395) in the Dicer knockdown.

[0019] FIG. 11A-B. Drosha protein expression levels in mouse brain and liver. Protein levels of Drosha and .beta.-actin measured by western blots (FIG. 11A). Quantification of Protein levels using triplicates extrapolated from different gels. Fold change=3.2, p<0.05 (FIG. 11B).

[0020] FIG. 12. Control mismatch counts for mouse brain and liver. Average expression of miRNAs with different numbers of mismatches in the 1-21 region in mouse liver and brain (Takada et al. 2006).

[0021] FIG. 13. Control mismatch ratios in T-cells. Ratio (CD4SP/DN3) of average expression for each miRNA group based on number of mismatches in the 5, 9-12 region.

[0022] FIG. 14. Control mismatch counts during neuronal differentiation. Number of mismatches outside the 5, 9-12 region in miRNAs with high and low fold change (multiArray) in neuronal differentiation through days 0-6 and 6-12.

[0023] FIG. 15A-B. DroshaKD in HeLa cells, verification of expression levels. Drosha levels measured by qPCR and normalized to GAPDH. 7 biological replicates showed an average 9-fold knock down (log p<-5) (FIG. 15A). Drosha protein expression levels measured by western blotting, normalized to .beta.-actin. 3 biological replicates showed an average 5-fold knockdown (p<0.05) (FIG. 15B).

[0024] FIG. 16. Endogenous miRNA levels in DroshaKD and control cells. Endogenous levels for a random selection of miRNAs were measured by TaqMan qPCR, normalized to RNU66. The miRNAs are sorted right to left by increasing number of mismatches in region 9-12 nucleotides from the Drosha cutting site.

[0025] FIG. 17A-K. Drosha cutting sites and mis-match positions for: FIG. 17A (hsa-let-7a-1; MI0000060); FIG. 17B (hsa-let-7a-2; MI0000061); FIG. 17C (hsa-let-7a-3; MI0000062); FIG. 17D (hsa-let-7b; MI0000063); FIG. 17E (hsa-let-7c; MI0000064); FIG. 17F (hsa-let-7d; MI0000065); FIG. 17G (hsa-let-7e; MI0000066); FIG. 17H (hsa-let-7f-1; MI0000067); FIG. 17I (hsa-let-7f-2; MI0000068); FIG. 17J (hsa-let-7g; MI0000433) and FIG. 17K (hsa-let-7i; MI0000434).

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0026] Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a ubiquitous family of large biological molecules that perform multiple vital roles in the coding, decoding, regulation, and expression of genes. Common types of RNA include double-stranded (dsRNA), double-stranded with a single-stranded overhang, heterogeneous nuclear RNA, messenger RNA (mRNA), micro RNA (miRNA), small nucleolar RNA (snoRNA), ribosomal RNA (rRNA), short interfering RNA (siRNA), small nuclear RNA (snRNA), single-stranded RNA (ssRNA), small hairpin RNA (shRNA), Piwi-interacting RNA (piRNA), transfer RNA (tRNA), long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), long non-coding intergenic RNA (lincRNA) and viral RNA. Particular RNA molecules can fall into more than one RNA type. As used herein, the term "RNA" includes all types of RNA including those listed as the preceding examples and all forms of RNA known to those of ordinary skill in the art. "RNA" can also include any type of nucleic acid polymer that is processed by Drosha or Dicer.

[0027] MicroRNAs (miRNA) are a group of short, non-coding RNAs that bind target mRNAs by incomplete complementarity to either inhibit the translation, or reduce the stability of the target mRNA. miRNAs are involved with the onset of various diseases, immunoregulation, neural growth and stem cell renewal and maintenance. Currently 1,872 microRNAs are known to exist in human and many of these are evolutionarily conserved.

[0028] miRNAs are transcribed in the nucleus by RNA polymerase II or III as part of a primary microRNA (pri-miRNA). The length of the pri-miRNA is highly variable, ranging from .about.200 up to several thousand nucleotides. The pri-miRNA is cleaved by the Microprocessor, which consists of several components principally Drosha and DGCR8. Drosha and DGCR8 cooperatively bind pri-miRNA, and Drosha cleaves primary transcripts at .about.11 base pairs from the base of the stem-loop and liberates a structure known as the precursor microRNA (pre-miRNA), which is .about.60-70 nucleotides in length and forms a frequently mismatched hairpin structure with a .about.2 nucleotide 3' overhang. A "stem-loop structure" refers to a nucleic acid having a secondary structure that includes a region of nucleotides which are known or predicted to form a double strand (stem portion) that is linked on one side by a region of predominantly single-stranded nucleotides (loop portion). The terms "hairpin" and "fold-back" structures are also used herein to refer to stem-loop structures. Such structures are well known in the art and the term is used consistently with its known meaning in the art. The actual primary sequence of nucleotides within the stem-loop structure is not critical as long as the secondary structure is present (See FIG. 3A). As is known in the art, the secondary structure does not require exact base-pairing. Thus, the stem may include one or more base mismatches. Alternatively, the base-pairing may be exact, i.e. not include any mismatches.

[0029] pre-miRNA is transported from the nucleus to the cytoplasm by Exportin-5 and is subsequently cleaved by the enzyme Dicer with its cofactor trans-activator RNA (tar)-binding protein (TRBP). Dicer binds the 3'-overhang and cleaves the pri-miRNA .about.22nt from the Drosha-cutting site to remove the terminal loop resulting in an imperfect .about.22 nt miRNA/miRNA* duplex. The miRNA enters the RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC), whereas the miRNA* strand is degraded. While this processing mechanism is described in relation to miRNA, it may also apply to all other forms of RNA and nucleic acid polymers processed by Drosha and Dicer.

[0030] RNA levels can be regulated in several ways. For example, pri-miRNA transcription is regulated by common transcription factors such as c-Myc. The Microprocessor complex contains several components besides Drosha and DGCR8, such as the DEAD-box helicases p68 and p72, which have been proposed to stabilize the Microprocessor complex. Other components of the Microprocessor include SMAD proteins which have been found to selectively upregulate certain RNAs such as mir-21. The DGCR8 mRNA has stem loop structures that can be cleaved by the Microprocessor, accordingly giving DGCR8 a self regulating mechanism.

[0031] The present disclosure shows that decreasing Drosha expression leads to heterogeneous changes in the expression of RNA. The global but non-uniform impact of Drosha knockdown on RNA expression shows that RNAs are not processed by Drosha at equal rates. Non-uniform processing effects indicate that there is some structural relationship between the Microprocessor and the RNAs it cleaves, and any other associated proteins, which could explain the effects of Drosha-knockdown on expression of specific RNAs.

[0032] Particular proteins interact with the Microprocessor and/or RNAs to promote or inhibit processing of RNAs. Without being bound by a particular theory, it is possible that protein-based effects explain much of the variation seen in the Drosha knockdown datasets. However, such specific interactions could be considered as part of a complex feed-back mechanism triggered by Drosha-knockdown. In an effort to quantify broad, global mechanisms, which control RNA biogenesis, the genomic origin of 220 miRNAs was first investigated (some miRNAs skip Drosha-processing). Intronic miRNAs were not expressed differently from intergenic miRNAs (FIG. 2). Given that differences in expression were not explained by genomic origin, the secondary structure of RNAs was examined.

[0033] Examination of the secondary structure of RNAs was achieved by a counting mechanism and showed that the group of RNAs unaffected or upregulated by Drosha KD had less mismatched bases 5 nt and 9-12 nt from the Drosha cutting site. Additionally, the method of counting resulted in a very consistent measurement of 21 nt, which is consistent with previous reports indicating that Dicer processing of pre-miRNAs with asymmetric mismatches seems to explain the heterogeneity of length observed amongst mature miRNAs, and is also consistent with the idea that Dicer processing utilizes `molecular rulers` which are size invariant. A general mechanism which modulates the Drosha processing step in RNA biogenesis based on differences in secondary structure has not been previously described. However, the structure of DGCR8 suggests that the RNA is bound in a bent position. Mismatches would affect the strain of a bent RNA. Without being bound by a particular theory, the present disclosure suggests that when Drosha levels are limiting, RNAs with fewer mis-matches in positions 5 and 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site are processed more efficiently than RNAs with more mis-matches in positions 5 and 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site.

[0034] Drosha cutting sites can be identified by those of ordinary skill in the art. In one embodiment, Drosha cutting sites are derived by comparison of hairpin sequences versus mature 5' miRNA sequences. The following table provides hairpin sequences associated with mature 5' miRNA sequences for Drosha cutting site calculation. The beginning of the mature 5' miRNAs corresponds to the Drosha cutting site.

TABLE-US-00001 TABLE 1 Exemplary full hairpin and mature 5' miRNA sequences, with positions 5 and 9-12,as determined by the counting methods described herein, shown in bold. miRNA name Full Hairpin Sequence Mature 5' Sequence let-7a-1 UGGGAUGAGGUAGUAGGUUGUAUAGUUUUAGGGUCA UGAGGUAGUAGGU CACCCACCACUGGGAGAUAACUAUACAAUCUACUGUC UGUAUAGUU (SEQ UUUCCUA (SEQ ID NO: 1) ID NO: 1873) let-7b CGGGGUGAGGUAGUAGGUUGUGUGGUUUCAGGGCAG UGAGGUAGUAGGU UGAUGUUGCCCCUCGGAAGAUAACUAUACAACCUACU UGUGUGGUU (SEQ GCCUUCCCUG (SEQ ID NO: 4) ID NO: 1874) let-7c GCAUCCGGGUUGAGGUAGUAGGUUGUAUGGUUUAGA UGAGGUAGUAGGU GUUACACCCUGGGAGUUAACUGUACAACCUUCUAGCU UGUAUGGUU (SEQ UUCCUUGGAGC (SEQ ID NO: 5) ID NO: 1875) let-7d CCUAGGAAGAGGUAGUAGGUUGCAUAGUUUUAGGGC AGAGGUAGUAGGU AGGGAUUUUGCCCACAAGGAGGUAACUAUACGACCUG UGCAUAGUU (SEQ CUGCCUUUCUUAGG (SEQ ID NO: 6) ID NO: 1876) let-7e CCCGGGCUGAGGUAGGAGGUUGUAUAGUUGAGGAGG UGAGGUAGGAGGU ACACCCAAGGAGAUCACUAUACGGCCUCCUAGCUUUC UGUAUAGUU (SEQ CCCAGG (SEQ ID NO: 7) ID NO: 1877) let-7f-1 UCAGAGUGAGGUAGUAGAUUGUAUAGUUGUGGGGUA UGAGGUAGUAGAU GUGAUUUUACCCUGUUCAGGAGAUAACUAUACAAUCU UGUAUAGUU (SEQ AUUGCCUUCCCUGA (SEQ ID NO: 8) ID NO: 1878) let-7g AGGCUGAGGUAGUAGUUUGUACAGUUUGAGGGUCUA UGAGGUAGUAGUU UGAUACCACCCGGUACAGGAGAUAACUGUACAGGCCA UGUACAGUU (SEQ CUGCCUUGCCA (SEQ ID NO: 10) ID NO: 1879) let-7i CUGGCUGAGGUAGUAGUUUGUGCUGUUGGUCGGGUU UGAGGUAGUAGUU GUGACAUUGCCCGCUGUGGAGAUAACUGCGCAAGCUA UGUGCUGUU (SEQ CUGCCUUGCUA (SEQ ID NO: 11) ID NO: 1880) miR-21 UGUCGGGUAGCUUAUCAGACUGAUGUUGACUGUUGA UAGCUUAUCAGAC AUCUCAUGGCAACACCAGUCGAUGGGCUGUCUGACA UGAUGUUGA (SEQ (SEQ ID NO: 130) ID NO: 2021) miR-126 CGCUGGCGACGGGACAUUAUUACUUUUGGUACGCGC CAUUAUUACUUUU UGUGACACUUCAAACUCGUACCGUGAGUAAUAAUGCG GGUACGCG (SEQ CCGUCCACGGCA (SEQ ID NO: 35) ID NO: 1914) miR-152 UGUCCCCCCCGGCCCAGGUUCUGUGAUACACUCCGA AGGUUCUGUGAUA CUCGGGCUCUGGAGCAGUCAGUGCAUGACAGAACUU CACUCCGACU GGGCCCGGAAGGACC (SEQ ID NO: 72) (SEQ ID NO: 1960)

[0035] The calculation as described in the preceding table can be performed based on the hairpin and mature 5' sequences of the sequences provided in this disclosure's sequence listing. The following combinations of sequences provide related hairpin and mature 5' sequences.

TABLE-US-00002 Name Hairpin Mature 5' let-7a-1 SEQ ID NO: 1 SEQ ID NO: 1873 let-7a-2 SEQ ID NO: 2 SEQ ID NO: 1873 let-7a-3 SEQ ID NO: 3 SEQ ID NO: 1873 let-7b SEQ ID NO: 4 SEQ ID NO: 1874 let-7c SEQ ID NO: 5 SEQ ID NO: 1875 let-7d SEQ ID NO: 6 SEQ ID NO: 1876 let-7e SEQ ID NO: 7 SEQ ID NO: 1877 let-7f-1 SEQ ID NO: 8 SEQ ID NO: 1878 let-7f-2 SEQ ID NO: 9 SEQ ID NO: 1878 let-7g SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 10 NO: 1879 let-7i SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 11 NO: 1880 mir-7-3 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 279 NO: 2708 mir-7-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 278 NO: 2708 mir-7-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 277 NO: 2708 mir-9-3 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 286 NO: 2739 mir-9-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 281 NO: 2739 mir-9-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 280 NO: 2739 mir-10a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 24 NO: 1887 mir-10b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 25 NO: 1888 mir-15a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 77 NO: 1965 mir-15b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 78 NO: 1966 mir-16-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 79 NO: 1967 mir-16-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 80 NO: 1967 mir-17 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 81 NO: 1968 mir-18a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 95 NO: 1979 mir-18b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 96 NO: 1980 mir-19a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 114 NO: 1999 mir-19b-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 115 NO: 2000 mir-19b-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 116 NO: 2001 mir-20a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 128 NO: 2011 mir-20b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 129 NO: 2012 mir-21 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 130 NO: 2021 mir-22 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 144 NO: 2031 mir-23a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 149 NO: 2035 mir-23b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 150 NO: 2036 mir-24-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 153 NO: 2038 mir-24-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 152 NO: 2037 mir-25 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 154 NO: 2040 mir-26a-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 155 NO: 2043 mir-26a-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 156 NO: 2043 mir-26b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 157 NO: 2044 mir-27a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 158 NO: 2045 mir-27b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 159 NO: 2046 mir-28 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 160 NO: 2047 mir-29a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 165 NO: 2050 mir-29b-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 166 NO: 2051 mir-29b-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 167 NO: 2052 mir-29c SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 168 NO: 2053 mir-30a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 178 NO: 2062 mir-30b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 179 NO: 2063 mir-30c-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 180 NO: 2064 mir-30c-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 181 NO: 2064 mir-30d SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 182 NO: 2065 mir-30e SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 183 NO: 2066 mir-31 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 184 NO: 2086 mir-32 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 185 NO: 2104 mir-33a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 208 NO: 2113 mir-33b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 209 NO: 2114 mir-34a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 214 NO: 2118 mir-34b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 215 NO: 2119 mir-34c SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 216 NO: 2120 mir-92a-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 282 NO: 2731 mir-92a-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 283 NO: 2732 mir-92b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 284 NO: 2733 mir-93 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 285 NO: 2734 mir-95 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 287 NO: 2738 mir-96 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 288 NO: 2740 mir-98 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 289 NO: 2741 mir-99a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 290 NO: 2742 mir-99b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 291 NO: 2743 mir-100 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 12 NO: 1881 mir-101-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 14 NO: 1882 mir-101-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 13 NO: 1882 mir-103a-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 16 NO: 1883 mir-105-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 20 NO: 1884 mir-105-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 19 NO: 1884 mir-106a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 21 NO: 1885 mir-106b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 22 NO: 1886 mir-122 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 28 NO: 1896 mir-124-3 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 31 NO: 1906 mir-124-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 30 NO: 1906 mir-124-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 29 NO: 1906 mir-125a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 32 NO: 1912 mir-125b-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 33 NO: 1913 mir-125b-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 34 NO: 1913 mir-126 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 35 NO: 1914 mir-127 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 36 NO: 1919 mir-128-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 37 NO: 1921 mir-128-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 38 NO: 1922 mir-129-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 40 NO: 1928 mir-129-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 39 NO: 1928 mir-130a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 41 NO: 1935 mir-130b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 42 NO: 1936 mir-132 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 43 NO: 1937 mir-133a-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 44 NO: 1938 mir-133a-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 45 NO: 1938 mir-134 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 47 NO: 1940 mir-135a-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 48 NO: 1941 mir-135a-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 49 NO: 1941 mir-135b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 50 NO: 1942 mir-136 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 51 NO: 1943 mir-138-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 54 NO: 1944 mir-138-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 53 NO: 1944 mir-139 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 55 NO: 1945 mir-140 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 56 NO: 1946 mir-141 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 57 NO: 1947 mir-142 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 58 NO: 1948 mir-143 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 59 NO: 1949 mir-144 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 60 NO: 1950 mir-145 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 61 NO: 1951 mir-146a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 62 NO: 1953 mir-146b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 63 NO: 1954 mir-148a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 66 NO: 1955 mir-148b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 67 NO: 1956 mir-149 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 68 NO: 1957 mir-150 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 69 NO: 1958 mir-151a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 70 NO: 1959 mir-152 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 72 NO: 1960 mir-153-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 74 NO: 1961 mir-153-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 73 NO: 1961 mir-154 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 75 NO: 1963 mir-155 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 76 NO: 1964 mir-181a-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 82 NO: 1969 mir-181a-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID

NO: 83 NO: 1969 mir-181b-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 84 NO: 1970 mir-181b-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 85 NO: 1970 mir-181c SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 86 NO: 1971 mir-181d SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 87 NO: 1972 mir-182 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 88 NO: 1973 mir-183 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 89 NO: 1974 mir-185 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 91 NO: 1975 mir-186 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 92 NO: 1976 mir-187 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 93 NO: 1977 mir-188 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 94 NO: 1978 mir-190a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 97 NO: 1983 mir-191 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 99 NO: 1988 mir-192 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 100 NO: 1989 mir-193a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 101 NO: 1990 mir-193b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 102 NO: 1991 mir-194-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 104 NO: 1992 mir-194-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 103 NO: 1992 mir-195 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 105 NO: 1993 mir-196a-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 106 NO: 1994 mir-196a-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 107 NO: 1994 mir-196b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 108 NO: 1995 mir-197 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 109 NO: 1996 mir-199a-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 111 NO: 1997 mir-199a-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 112 NO: 1997 mir-199b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 113 NO: 1998 mir-200a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 117 NO: 2002 mir-200b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 118 NO: 2003 mir-200c SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 119 NO: 2004 mir-202 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 120 NO: 2005 mir-203b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 122 NO: 2006 mir-204 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 123 NO: 2007 mir-205 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 124 NO: 2008 mir-208a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 126 NO: 2009 mir-208b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 127 NO: 2010 mir-210 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 131 NO: 2013 mir-211 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 132 NO: 2016 mir-212 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 133 NO: 2018 mir-214 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 134 NO: 2019 mir-215 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 135 NO: 2020 mir-216a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 136 NO: 2022 mir-216b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 137 NO: 2023 mir-218-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 140 NO: 2024 mir-218-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 139 NO: 2024 mir-219a-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 141 NO: 2025 mir-219a-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 142 NO: 2025 mir-219b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 143 NO: 2026 mir-221 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 145 NO: 2027 mir-222 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 146 NO: 2028 mir-223 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 147 NO: 2029 mir-224 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 148 NO: 2030 mir-296 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 161 NO: 2048 mir-299 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 164 NO: 2049 mir-301a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 170 NO: 2054 mir-302a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 172 NO: 2055 mir-302b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 173 NO: 2056 mir-302c SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 174 NO: 2057 mir-302d SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 175 NO: 2058 mir-323a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 194 NO: 2101 mir-323b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 195 NO: 2102 mir-324 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 196 NO: 2103 mir-328 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 199 NO: 2105 mir-329-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 201 NO: 2106 mir-329-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 200 NO: 2106 mir-330 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 202 NO: 2107 mir-331 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 203 NO: 2108 mir-335 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 204 NO: 2109 mir-337 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 205 NO: 2110 mir-338 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 206 NO: 2111 mir-339 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 207 NO: 2112 mir-340 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 210 NO: 2115 mir-342 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 211 NO: 2116 mir-345 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 212 NO: 2117 mir-361 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 217 NO: 2128 mir-362 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 218 NO: 2135 mir-363 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 219 NO: 2136 mir-365a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 220 NO: 2137 mir-365b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 221 NO: 2138 mir-367 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 222 NO: 2143 mir-369 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 223 NO: 2155 mir-370 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 224 NO: 2156 mir-371a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 225 NO: 2157 mir-371b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 226 NO: 2158 mir-372 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 227 NO: 2159 mir-373 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 228 NO: 2160 mir-374a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 229 NO: 2161 mir-374b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 230 NO: 2162 mir-374c SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 231 NO: 2163 mir-376a-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 233 NO: 2165 mir-376a-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 234 NO: 2164 mir-376b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 235 NO: 2166 mir-376c SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 236 NO: 2167 mir-377 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 237 NO: 2168 mir-378a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 238 NO: 2169 mir-379 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 249 NO: 2170 mir-380 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 250 NO: 2171 mir-381 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 251 NO: 2172 mir-382 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 252 NO: 2173 mir-383 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 253 NO: 2174 mir-409 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 255 NO: 2185 mir-410 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 256 NO: 2186 mir-411 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 257 NO: 2187 mir-412 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 258 NO: 2188 mir-423 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 261 NO: 2189 mir-424 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 262 NO: 2190 mir-425 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 263 NO: 2191 mir-431 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 265 NO: 2192 mir-432 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 266 NO: 2193 mir-433 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 267 NO: 2194 mir-449b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 270 NO: 2203 mir-449c SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 271 NO: 2204 mir-450a-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 272 NO: 2205 mir-450a-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 273 NO: 2205 mir-450b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 274 NO: 2206 mir-452 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 292 NO: 2211 mir-454 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 293 NO: 2214 mir-455 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 294 NO: 2215 mir-483 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 296 NO: 2321 mir-485 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 298 NO: 2322 mir-486-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 300 NO: 2323 mir-486 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 299 NO: 2323 mir-487a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 301 NO: 2324 mir-487b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 302 NO: 2325 mir-488 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 303 NO: 2326 mir-489 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 304 NO: 2327 mir-490 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 305 NO: 2328

mir-491 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 306 NO: 2329 mir-493 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 308 NO: 2330 mir-494 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 309 NO: 2331 mir-495 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 310 NO: 2332 mir-497 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 312 NO: 2333 mir-499a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 314 NO: 2335 mir-499b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 315 NO: 2336 mir-500a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 316 NO: 2346 mir-500b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 317 NO: 2347 mir-501 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 318 NO: 2350 mir-502 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 319 NO: 2351 mir-503 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 320 NO: 2352 mir-504 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 321 NO: 2353 mir-505 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 322 NO: 2354 mir-506 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 323 NO: 2355 mir-508 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 325 NO: 2356 mir-509-3 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 328 NO: 2359 mir-509-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 327 NO: 2360 mir-509-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 326 NO: 2360 mir-510 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 329 NO: 2361 mir-511 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 330 NO: 2362 mir-512-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 332 NO: 2363 mir-512-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 331 NO: 2363 mir-513a-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 333 NO: 2364 mir-513a-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 334 NO: 2364 mir-513b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 335 NO: 2365 mir-513c SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 336 NO: 2366 mir-514a-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 337 NO: 2367 mir-514a-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 338 NO: 2367 mir-514a-3 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 339 NO: 2367 mir-514b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 340 NO: 2368 mir-515-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 342 NO: 2369 mir-515-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 341 NO: 2369 mir-516a-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 343 NO: 2370 mir-516a-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 344 NO: 2370 mir-516b-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 345 NO: 2371 mir-516b-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 346 NO: 2371 mir-517a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 347 NO: 2372 mir-517b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 348 NO: 2372 mir-517c SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 349 NO: 2372 mir-518a-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 350 NO: 2375 mir-518a-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 351 NO: 2375 mir-518c SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 353 NO: 2376 mir-518d SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 354 NO: 2377 mir-518e SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 355 NO: 2378 mir-518f SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 356 NO: 2379 mir-519a-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 357 NO: 2383 mir-519a-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 358 NO: 2383 mir-519b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 359 NO: 2384 mir-519c SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 360 NO: 2385 mir-519d SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 361 NO: 2386 mir-519e SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 362 NO: 2387 mir-520a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 363 NO: 2388 mir-520c SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 365 NO: 2389 mir-520d SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 366 NO: 2390 mir-520f SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 368 NO: 2391 mir-520g SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 369 NO: 2392 mir-522 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 373 NO: 2393 mir-523 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 374 NO: 2394 mir-524 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 375 NO: 2395 mir-525 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 376 NO: 2396 mir-526b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 379 NO: 2397 mir-532 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 381 NO: 2398 mir-539 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 382 NO: 2399 mir-541 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 383 NO: 2400 mir-542 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 384 NO: 2401 mir-545 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 388 NO: 2402 mir-548a-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 389 NO: 2403 mir-548a-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 390 NO: 2403 mir-548a-3 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 391 NO: 2403 mir-548ah SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 401 NO: 2404 mir-548aj-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 403 NO: 2405 mir-548aj-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 404 NO: 2405 mir-548am SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 407 NO: 2406 mir-548ao SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 409 NO: 2407 mir-548ap SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 410 NO: 2408 mir-548aq SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 411 NO: 2409 mir-548ar SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 412 NO: 2410 mir-548as SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 413 NO: 2411 mir-548at SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 414 NO: 2412 mir-548au SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 415 NO: 2413 mir-548av SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 416 NO: 2414 mir-548ay SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 419 NO: 2415 mir-548az SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 420 NO: 2416 mir-548b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 421 NO: 2417 mir-548ba SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 422 NO: 2417 mir-548c SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 423 NO: 2418 mir-548d-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 424 NO: 2419 mir-548d-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 425 NO: 2419 mir-548e SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 426 NO: 2420 mir-548f-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 427 NO: 2421 mir-548f-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 428 NO: 2421 mir-548f-3 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 429 NO: 2421 mir-548f-4 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 430 NO: 2421 mir-548f-5 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 431 NO: 2421 mir-548g SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 432 NO: 2422 mir-548h-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 433 NO: 2423 mir-548h-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 434 NO: 2423 mir-548h-3 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 435 NO: 2423 mir-548h-4 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 436 NO: 2423 mir-548h-5 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 437 NO: 2423 mir-548j SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 442 NO: 2424 mir-548o SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 447 NO: 2425 mir-548o-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 448 NO: 2425 mir-548t SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 452 NO: 2426 mir-548x SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 456 NO: 2427 mir-548x-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 457 NO: 2427 mir-550a-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 461 NO: 2429 mir-550a-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 462 NO: 2429 mir-550a-3 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 463 NO: 2428 mir-550b-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 465 NO: 2430 mir-551b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 467 NO: 2431 mir-552 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 468 NO: 2432 mir-556 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 472 NO: 2433 mir-561 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 476 NO: 2448 mir-570 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 484 NO: 2450 mir-574 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 488 NO: 2451 mir-576 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 490 NO: 2452 mir-579 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 493 NO: 2453 mir-580 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 494 NO: 2454 mir-582 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 496 NO: 2455 mir-584 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 498 NO: 2456 mir-585 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 499 NO: 2457 mir-589 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 503 NO: 2458 mir-590 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 504 NO: 2459 mir-593 SEQ ID SEQ ID

NO: 507 NO: 2460 mir-597 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 510 NO: 2461 mir-598 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 511 NO: 2462 mir-605 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 518 NO: 2463 mir-615 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 528 NO: 2464 mir-616 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 529 NO: 2465 mir-619 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 532 NO: 2466 mir-624 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 537 NO: 2467 mir-625 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 538 NO: 2468 mir-627 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 540 NO: 2469 mir-628 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 541 NO: 2470 mir-629 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 542 NO: 2471 mir-642a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 555 NO: 2472 mir-642b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 556 NO: 2473 mir-651 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 565 NO: 2492 mir-652 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 566 NO: 2494 mir-653 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 567 NO: 2495 mir-654 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 568 NO: 2496 mir-655 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 569 NO: 2497 mir-656 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 570 NO: 2498 mir-659 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 573 NO: 2499 mir-660 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 574 NO: 2500 mir-664a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 579 NO: 2501 mir-664b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 580 NO: 2502 mir-668 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 582 NO: 2503 mir-670 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 583 NO: 2504 mir-671 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 584 NO: 2506 mir-675 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 585 NO: 2544 mir-676 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 586 NO: 2555 mir-708 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 587 NO: 2684 mir-744 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 590 NO: 2706 mir-758 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 591 NO: 2707 mir-766 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 598 NO: 2709 mir-767 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 599 NO: 2710 mir-769 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 600 NO: 2711 mir-770 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 601 NO: 2712 mir-873 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 603 NO: 2720 mir-874 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 604 NO: 2721 mir-875 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 605 NO: 2722 mir-876 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 606 NO: 2723 mir-877 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 607 NO: 2724 mir-885 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 608 NO: 2725 mir-887 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 609 NO: 2726 mir-888 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 610 NO: 2727 mir-889 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 611 NO: 2728 mir-891a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 613 NO: 2729 mir-892c SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 617 NO: 2730 mir-937 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 626 NO: 2735 mir-939 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 628 NO: 2736 mir-942 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 634 NO: 2737 mir-1178 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 637 NO: 1889 mir-1180 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 639 NO: 1890 mir-1185-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 647 NO: 1891 mir-1185-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 646 NO: 1891 mir-1199 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 650 NO: 1892 mir-1207 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 657 NO: 1893 mir-1224 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 659 NO: 1894 mir-1225 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 660 NO: 1895 mir-1226 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 661 NO: 1897 mir-1227 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 662 NO: 1898 mir-1228 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 663 NO: 1899 mir-1229 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 664 NO: 1900 mir-1233-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 667 NO: 1901 mir-1233-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 666 NO: 1901 mir-1236 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 669 NO: 1902 mir-1237 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 670 NO: 1903 mir-1238 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 671 NO: 1904 mir-1245b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 677 NO: 1905 mir-1247 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 679 NO: 1907 mir-1250 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 682 NO: 1908 mir-1251 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 683 NO: 1909 mir-1252 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 684 NO: 1910 mir-1255b-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 689 NO: 1911 mir-1255b-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 690 NO: 1911 mir-1266 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 701 NO: 1915 mir-1271 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 709 NO: 1916 mir-1273g SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 716 NO: 1917 mir-1273h SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 717 NO: 1918 mir-1277 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 720 NO: 1920 mir-1285-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 729 NO: 1923 mir-1285-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 728 NO: 1923 mir-1287 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 731 NO: 1924 mir-1288 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 732 NO: 1925 mir-1292 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 737 NO: 1926 mir-1295b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 741 NO: 1927 mir-1296 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 742 NO: 1929 mir-1298 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 744 NO: 1930 mir-1301 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 746 NO: 1931 mir-1304 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 759 NO: 1932 mir-1306 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 761 NO: 1933 mir-1307 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 762 NO: 1934 mir-1343 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 767 NO: 1939 mir-1468 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 768 NO: 1952 mir-1537 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 772 NO: 1962 mir-1908 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 778 NO: 1981 mir-1909 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 779 NO: 1982 mir-1910 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 780 NO: 1984 mir-1911 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 781 NO: 1985 mir-1914 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 784 NO: 1986 mir-1915 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 785 NO: 1987 mir-2114 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 795 NO: 2014 mir-2115 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 796 NO: 2015 mir-2116 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 797 NO: 2017 mir-2276 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 799 NO: 2032 mir-2277 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 800 NO: 2033 mir-2355 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 802 NO: 2034 mir-2467 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 804 NO: 2039 mir-2681 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 805 NO: 2041 mir-2682 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 806 NO: 2042 mir-3064 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 809 NO: 2059 mir-3065 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 810 NO: 2060 mir-3074 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 811 NO: 2061 mir-3117 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 815 NO: 2067 mir-3120 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 824 NO: 2068 mir-3121 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 825 NO: 2069 mir-3124 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 828 NO: 2070 mir-3126 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 830 NO: 2071 mir-3127 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 831 NO: 2072 mir-3129 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 833 NO: 2073 mir-3130-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 835 NO: 2074 mir-3130-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 834 NO: 2074 mir-3136 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 842 NO: 2075 mir-3140 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 846 NO: 2076 mir-3144 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 850 NO: 2077 mir-3145 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 851 NO: 2078 mir-3150a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 856 NO: 2079

mir-3150b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 857 NO: 2080 mir-3151 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 858 NO: 2081 mir-3152 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 859 NO: 2082 mir-3156-3 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 866 NO: 2083 mir-3156-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 865 NO: 2083 mir-3156-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 864 NO: 2083 mir-3157 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 867 NO: 2084 mir-3158-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 869 NO: 2085 mir-3158-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 868 NO: 2085 mir-3160-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 872 NO: 2087 mir-3160-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 871 NO: 2087 mir-3162 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 874 NO: 2088 mir-3173 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 884 NO: 2089 mir-3177 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 888 NO: 2090 mir-3180-5 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 897 NO: 2091 mir-3180-4 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 896 NO: 2091 mir-3180-3 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 895 NO: 2091 mir-3180-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 894 NO: 2091 mir-3180-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 893 NO: 2091 mir-3184 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 901 NO: 2092 mir-3186 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 903 NO: 2093 mir-3187 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 904 NO: 2094 mir-3189 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 906 NO: 2095 mir-3190 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 907 NO: 2096 mir-3191 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 908 NO: 2097 mir-3192 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 909 NO: 2098 mir-3194 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 911 NO: 2099 mir-3200 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 919 NO: 2100 mir-3529 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 923 NO: 2121 mir-3591 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 924 NO: 2122 mir-3605 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 925 NO: 2123 mir-3606 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 926 NO: 2124 mir-3607 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 927 NO: 2125 mir-3613 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 932 NO: 2126 mir-3614 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 933 NO: 2127 mir-3616 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 935 NO: 2129 mir-3617 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 936 NO: 2130 mir-3619 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 938 NO: 2131 mir-3620 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 939 NO: 2132 mir-3622a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 941 NO: 2133 mir-3622b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 942 NO: 2134 mir-3663 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 959 NO: 2139 mir-3664 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 960 NO: 2140 mir-3667 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 963 NO: 2141 mir-3675 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 972 NO: 2142 mir-3677 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 973 NO: 2144 mir-3678 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 974 NO: 2145 mir-3679 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 975 NO: 2146 mir-3680-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 977 NO: 2147 mir-3680-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 976 NO: 2147 mir-3681 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 978 NO: 2148 mir-3682 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 979 NO: 2149 mir-3688-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 986 NO: 2150 mir-3688-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 985 NO: 2150 mir-3689a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 987 NO: 2151 mir-3689b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 988 NO: 2152 mir-3691 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 996 NO: 2153 mir-3692 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 997 NO: 2154 mir-3912 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1006 NO: 2175 mir-3913-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1008 NO: 2176 mir-3913-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1007 NO: 2176 mir-3922 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1018 NO: 2177 mir-3925 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1021 NO: 2178 mir-3927 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1024 NO: 2179 mir-3928 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1025 NO: 2180 mir-3934 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1027 NO: 2181 mir-3940 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1033 NO: 2182 mir-3942 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1035 NO: 2183 mir-3944 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1037 NO: 2184 mir-4423 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1136 NO: 2195 mir-4433b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1147 NO: 2197 mir-4433 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1146 NO: 2196 mir-4436b-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1152 NO: 2198 mir-4436b-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1153 NO: 2198 mir-4445 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1163 NO: 2199 mir-4446 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1164 NO: 2200 mir-4474 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1193 NO: 2201 mir-4482 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1202 NO: 2202 mir-4520a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1242 NO: 2207 mir-4520b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1243 NO: 2208 mir-4524a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1247 NO: 2209 mir-4524b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1248 NO: 2210 mir-4529 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1253 NO: 2212 mir-4536-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1261 NO: 2213 mir-4536-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1260 NO: 2213 mir-4632 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1266 NO: 2216 mir-4633 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1267 NO: 2217 mir-4638 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1272 NO: 2218 mir-4639 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1273 NO: 2219 mir-4640 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1274 NO: 2220 mir-4645 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1279 NO: 2221 mir-4646 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1280 NO: 2222 mir-4649 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1283 NO: 2223 mir-4650-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1285 NO: 2224 mir-4650-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1284 NO: 2224 mir-4652 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1287 NO: 2225 mir-4653 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1288 NO: 2226 mir-4655 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1290 NO: 2227 mir-4659a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1294 NO: 2228 mir-4659b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1295 NO: 2229 mir-4661 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1297 NO: 2230 mir-4662a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1298 NO: 2231 mir-4664 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1301 NO: 2232 mir-4665 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1302 NO: 2233 mir-4666a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1303 NO: 2234 mir-4667 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1305 NO: 2235 mir-4668 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1306 NO: 2236 mir-4670 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1308 NO: 2237 mir-4671 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1309 NO: 2238 mir-4676 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1314 NO: 2239 mir-4677 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1315 NO: 2240 mir-4680 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1319 NO: 2241 mir-4684 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1323 NO: 2242 mir-4685 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1324 NO: 2243 mir-4687 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1326 NO: 2244 mir-4690 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1329 NO: 2245 mir-4691 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1330 NO: 2246 mir-4693 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1332 NO: 2247 mir-4694 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1333 NO: 2248 mir-4695 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1334 NO: 2249 mir-4697 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1336 NO: 2250 mir-4699 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1338 NO: 2251 mir-4700 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1339 NO: 2252 mir-4701 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1340 NO: 2253 mir-4703 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1341 NO: 2254 mir-4704 SEQ ID SEQ ID

NO: 1342 NO: 2255 mir-4707 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1345 NO: 2256 mir-4708 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1346 NO: 2257 mir-4709 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1347 NO: 2258 mir-4711 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1349 NO: 2259 mir-4712 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1350 NO: 2260 mir-4713 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1351 NO: 2261 mir-4714 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1352 NO: 2262 mir-4715 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1353 NO: 2263 mir-4716 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1354 NO: 2264 mir-4717 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1355 NO: 2265 mir-4720 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1358 NO: 2266 mir-4722 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1360 NO: 2267 mir-4723 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1361 NO: 2268 mir-4724 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1362 NO: 2269 mir-4725 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1363 NO: 2270 mir-4726 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1364 NO: 2271 mir-4727 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1365 NO: 2272 mir-4728 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1366 NO: 2273 mir-4731 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1369 NO: 2274 mir-4732 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1370 NO: 2275 mir-4733 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1371 NO: 2276 mir-4735 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1373 NO: 2277 mir-4738 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1376 NO: 2278 mir-4740 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1378 NO: 2279 mir-4742 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1380 NO: 2280 mir-4743 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1381 NO: 2281 mir-4745 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1383 NO: 2282 mir-4746 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1384 NO: 2283 mir-4747 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1385 NO: 2284 mir-4749 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1387 NO: 2285 mir-4750 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1388 NO: 2286 mir-4753 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1391 NO: 2287 mir-4755 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1393 NO: 2288 mir-4756 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1394 NO: 2289 mir-4757 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1395 NO: 2290 mir-4758 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1396 NO: 2291 mir-4760 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1398 NO: 2292 mir-4761 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1399 NO: 2293 mir-4762 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1400 NO: 2294 mir-4763 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1401 NO: 2295 mir-4764 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1402 NO: 2296 mir-4766 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1404 NO: 2297 mir-4768 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1406 NO: 2298 mir-4769 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1407 NO: 2299 mir-4772 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1411 NO: 2300 mir-4774 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1414 NO: 2301 mir-4776-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1417 NO: 2302 mir-4776-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1416 NO: 2302 mir-4777 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1418 NO: 2303 mir-4778 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1419 NO: 2304 mir-4781 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1422 NO: 2305 mir-4782 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1423 NO: 2306 mir-4783 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1424 NO: 2307 mir-4786 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1427 NO: 2308 mir-4787 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1428 NO: 2309 mir-4789 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1430 NO: 2310 mir-4790 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1431 NO: 2311 mir-4793 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1434 NO: 2312 mir-4795 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1436 NO: 2313 mir-4796 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1437 NO: 2314 mir-4797 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1438 NO: 2315 mir-4798 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1439 NO: 2316 mir-4799 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1440 NO: 2317 mir-4800 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1441 NO: 2318 mir-4802 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1443 NO: 2319 mir-4804 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1445 NO: 2320 mir-4999 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1446 NO: 2334 mir-5000 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1447 NO: 2337 mir-5001 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1448 NO: 2338 mir-5002 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1449 NO: 2339 mir-5003 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1450 NO: 2340 mir-5004 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1451 NO: 2341 mir-5006 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1452 NO: 2342 mir-5007 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1453 NO: 2343 mir-5008 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1454 NO: 2344 mir-5009 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1455 NO: 2345 mir-5010 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1456 NO: 2348 mir-5011 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1457 NO: 2349 mir-5088 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1460 NO: 2357 mir-5089 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1461 NO: 2358 mir-5187 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1471 NO: 2373 mir-5189 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1473 NO: 2374 mir-5195 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1479 NO: 2380 mir-5196 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1480 NO: 2381 mir-5197 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1481 NO: 2382 mir-5571 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1482 NO: 2434 mir-5579 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1484 NO: 2435 mir-5580 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1485 NO: 2436 mir-5581 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1486 NO: 2437 mir-5582 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1487 NO: 2438 mir-5583-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1489 NO: 2439 mir-5583-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1488 NO: 2439 mir-5584 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1490 NO: 2440 mir-5585 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1491 NO: 2441 mir-5586 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1492 NO: 2442 mir-5587 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1493 NO: 2443 mir-5588 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1494 NO: 2444 mir-5589 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1495 NO: 2445 mir-5590 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1496 NO: 2446 mir-5591 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1497 NO: 2447 mir-5699 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1521 NO: 2449 mir-6499 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1571 NO: 2474 mir-6500 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1572 NO: 2475 mir-6501 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1573 NO: 2476 mir-6502 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1574 NO: 2477 mir-6503 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1575 NO: 2478 mir-6504 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1576 NO: 2479 mir-6505 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1577 NO: 2480 mir-6506 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1578 NO: 2481 mir-6507 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1579 NO: 2482 mir-6508 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1580 NO: 2483 mir-6509 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1581 NO: 2484 mir-6510 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1582 NO: 2485 mir-6511a-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1583 NO: 2486 mir-6511a-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1584 NO: 2486 mir-6511a-3 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1585 NO: 2486 mir-6511a-4 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1586 NO: 2486 mir-6511b-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1587 NO: 2487 mir-6511b-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1588 NO: 2487 mir-6512 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1589 NO: 2488 mir-6513 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1590 NO: 2489 mir-6514 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1591 NO: 2490 mir-6515 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1592 NO: 2491 mir-6516 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1593 NO: 2493 mir-6715b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1595 NO: 2505

mir-6716 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1596 NO: 2507 mir-6717 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1597 NO: 2508 mir-6718 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1598 NO: 2509 mir-6720 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1600 NO: 2510 mir-6721 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1601 NO: 2511 mir-6722 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1602 NO: 2512 mir-6723 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1603 NO: 2513 mir-6724 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1604 NO: 2514 mir-6726 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1605 NO: 2515 mir-6727 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1606 NO: 2516 mir-6728 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1607 NO: 2517 mir-6729 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1608 NO: 2518 mir-6730 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1609 NO: 2519 mir-6731 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1610 NO: 2520 mir-6732 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1611 NO: 2521 mir-6733 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1612 NO: 2522 mir-6734 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1613 NO: 2523 mir-6735 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1614 NO: 2524 mir-6736 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1615 NO: 2525 mir-6737 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1616 NO: 2526 mir-6738 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1617 NO: 2527 mir-6739 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1618 NO: 2528 mir-6740 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1619 NO: 2529 mir-6741 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1620 NO: 2530 mir-6742 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1621 NO: 2531 mir-6743 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1622 NO: 2532 mir-6744 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1623 NO: 2533 mir-6746 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1625 NO: 2534 mir-6747 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1626 NO: 2535 mir-6748 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1627 NO: 2536 mir-6749 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1628 NO: 2537 mir-6750 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1629 NO: 2538 mir-6751 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1630 NO: 2539 mir-6752 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1631 NO: 2540 mir-6753 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1632 NO: 2541 mir-6754 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1633 NO: 2542 mir-6755 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1634 NO: 2543 mir-6756 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1635 NO: 2545 mir-6757 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1636 NO: 2546 mir-6758 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1637 NO: 2547 mir-6759 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1638 NO: 2548 mir-6760 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1639 NO: 2549 mir-6761 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1640 NO: 2550 mir-6762 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1641 NO: 2551 mir-6763 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1642 NO: 2552 mir-6764 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1643 NO: 2553 mir-6765 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1644 NO: 2554 mir-6766 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1645 NO: 2556 mir-6767 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1646 NO: 2557 mir-6768 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1647 NO: 2558 mir-6769a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1648 NO: 2559 mir-6769b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1649 NO: 2560 mir-6770-3 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1652 NO: 2561 mir-6770-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1651 NO: 2561 mir-6770-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1650 NO: 2561 mir-6771 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1653 NO: 2562 mir-6772 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1654 NO: 2563 mir-6773 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1655 NO: 2564 mir-6774 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1656 NO: 2565 mir-6775 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1657 NO: 2566 mir-6776 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1658 NO: 2567 mir-6777 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1659 NO: 2568 mir-6778 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1660 NO: 2569 mir-6779 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1661 NO: 2570 mir-6780a SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1662 NO: 2571 mir-6780b SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1663 NO: 2572 mir-6781 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1664 NO: 2573 mir-6782 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1665 NO: 2574 mir-6783 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1666 NO: 2575 mir-6784 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1667 NO: 2576 mir-6785 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1668 NO: 2577 mir-6786 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1669 NO: 2578 mir-6787 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1670 NO: 2579 mir-6788 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1671 NO: 2580 mir-6789 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1672 NO: 2581 mir-6790 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1673 NO: 2582 mir-6791 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1674 NO: 2583 mir-6792 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1675 NO: 2584 mir-6793 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1676 NO: 2585 mir-6794 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1677 NO: 2586 mir-6795 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1678 NO: 2587 mir-6796 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1679 NO: 2588 mir-6797 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1680 NO: 2589 mir-6798 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1681 NO: 2590 mir-6799 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1682 NO: 2591 mir-6800 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1683 NO: 2592 mir-6801 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1684 NO: 2593 mir-6802 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1685 NO: 2594 mir-6803 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1686 NO: 2595 mir-6804 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1687 NO: 2596 mir-6805 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1688 NO: 2597 mir-6806 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1689 NO: 2598 mir-6807 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1690 NO: 2599 mir-6808 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1691 NO: 2600 mir-6809 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1692 NO: 2601 mir-6810 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1693 NO: 2602 mir-6811 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1694 NO: 2603 mir-6812 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1695 NO: 2604 mir-6813 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1696 NO: 2605 mir-6814 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1697 NO: 2606 mir-6815 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1698 NO: 2607 mir-6816 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1699 NO: 2608 mir-6817 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1700 NO: 2609 mir-6818 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1701 NO: 2610 mir-6819 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1702 NO: 2611 mir-6820 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1703 NO: 2612 mir-6821 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1704 NO: 2613 mir-6822 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1705 NO: 2614 mir-6823 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1706 NO: 2615 mir-6824 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1707 NO: 2616 mir-6825 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1708 NO: 2617 mir-6826 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1709 NO: 2618 mir-6827 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1710 NO: 2619 mir-6828 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1711 NO: 2620 mir-6829 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1712 NO: 2621 mir-6830 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1713 NO: 2622 mir-6831 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1714 NO: 2623 mir-6832 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1715 NO: 2624 mir-6833 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1716 NO: 2625 mir-6834 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1717 NO: 2626 mir-6835 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1718 NO: 2627 mir-6836 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1719 NO: 2628 mir-6837 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1720 NO: 2629 mir-6838 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1721 NO: 2630 mir-6839 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1722 NO: 2631 mir-6840 SEQ ID SEQ ID

NO: 1723 NO: 2632 mir-6841 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1724 NO: 2633 mir-6842 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1725 NO: 2634 mir-6845 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1728 NO: 2635 mir-6846 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1729 NO: 2636 mir-6847 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1730 NO: 2637 mir-6848 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1731 NO: 2638 mir-6849 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1732 NO: 2639 mir-6850 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1733 NO: 2640 mir-6851 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1734 NO: 2641 mir-6852 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1735 NO: 2642 mir-6853 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1736 NO: 2643 mir-6854 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1737 NO: 2644 mir-6855 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1738 NO: 2645 mir-6856 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1739 NO: 2646 mir-6857 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1740 NO: 2647 mir-6858 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1741 NO: 2648 mir-6859-3 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1744 NO: 2649 mir-6859-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1743 NO: 2649 mir-6859-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1742 NO: 2649 mir-6861 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1746 NO: 2650 mir-6862-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1748 NO: 2651 mir-6862-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1747 NO: 2651 mir-6864 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1750 NO: 2652 mir-6865 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1751 NO: 2653 mir-6866 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1752 NO: 2654 mir-6867 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1753 NO: 2655 mir-6868 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1754 NO: 2656 mir-6869 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1755 NO: 2657 mir-6870 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1756 NO: 2658 mir-6871 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1757 NO: 2659 mir-6872 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1758 NO: 2660 mir-6873 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1759 NO: 2661 mir-6874 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1760 NO: 2662 mir-6875 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1761 NO: 2663 mir-6876 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1762 NO: 2664 mir-6877 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1763 NO: 2665 mir-6878 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1764 NO: 2666 mir-6879 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1765 NO: 2667 mir-6880 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1766 NO: 2668 mir-6881 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1767 NO: 2669 mir-6882 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1768 NO: 2670 mir-6883 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1769 NO: 2671 mir-6884 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1770 NO: 2672 mir-6885 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1771 NO: 2673 mir-6886 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1772 NO: 2674 mir-6887 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1773 NO: 2675 mir-6888 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1774 NO: 2676 mir-6889 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1775 NO: 2677 mir-6890 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1776 NO: 2678 mir-6891 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1777 NO: 2679 mir-6892 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1778 NO: 2680 mir-6893 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1779 NO: 2681 mir-6894 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1780 NO: 2682 mir-6895 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1781 NO: 2683 mir-7106 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1782 NO: 2685 mir-7107 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1783 NO: 2686 mir-7108 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1784 NO: 2687 mir-7109 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1785 NO: 2688 mir-7110 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1786 NO: 2689 mir-7111 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1787 NO: 2690 mir-7112-2 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1789 NO: 2691 mir-7112-1 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1788 NO: 2691 mir-7113 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1790 NO: 2692 mir-7114 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1791 NO: 2693 mir-7151 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1793 NO: 2694 mir-7152 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1794 NO: 2695 mir-7153 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1795 NO: 2696 mir-7154 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1796 NO: 2697 mir-7155 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1797 NO: 2698 mir-7156 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1798 NO: 2699 mir-7157 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1799 NO: 2700 mir-7158 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1800 NO: 2701 mir-7159 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1801 NO: 2702 mir-7160 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1802 NO: 2703 mir-7161 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1803 NO: 2704 mir-7162 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1804 NO: 2705 mir-7843 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1813 NO: 2713 mir-7844 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1814 NO: 2714 mir-7845 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1815 NO: 2715 mir-7850 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1820 NO: 2716 mir-7853 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1823 NO: 2717 mir-7855 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1825 NO: 2718 mir-7856 SEQ ID SEQ ID NO: 1826 NO: 2719

[0036] As noted, the preceding table is based on the 5' sequence of the particular RNA. If the '3 prime sequence is used to calculate the Drosha cutting site, overhang positions should be accounted for. For example, if the 3' sequence has one nucleotide overhang, positions 5 and 9-12 would correspond to positions 6 and 10-13. If the 3' sequence has two nucleotide overhangs, positions 5 and 9-12 would correspond to positions 7 and 11-14. If the 3' sequence has three nucleotide overhangs, positions 5 and 9-12 would correspond to 8 and 12-15.

[0037] Counting to define the Drosha cutting site can also be based on an in silico folding of the miRNA stem loop sequence, such as minimum free energy folding. In these examples, counting can be started by assigning position 1 to the first nucleotide on the 5' strand by the Drosha cutting site in the pre-miRNA portion of the pri-miRNA. Then position numbers can be further assigned along the hairpin moving towards the terminal loop and taking note if the nucleotides are mismatched or matched. In cases where there is an asymmetric mismatch, i.e. one strand contains more nucleotides than the other in a mismatch position, position can be assigned based on the shorter strand. If the asymmetric mismatch has a conformation where one strand contains no mismatched nucleotides, but the other strand does, then the mismatch can be assigned to the higher position. In cases where an assymetric mismatch is located at position 1, the positions can be assigned according to the 5' strand until a matched position is encountered.

[0038] FIG. 17 provides examples of counting based on the description in the preceding paragraph. In these examples, the upper sequences contain part of the pri-miRNA sequence, consisting of the pre-miRNA portion and part of the flanking sequence. Below the sequence the folded hairpin is depicted where the upper left part of each figure marks the 5' end of the sequence, and the lower left part of each figure marks the 3' end of the RNA sequence. Mature sequence and its complementary sequence (i.e. the RNA that remains after Drosha and Dicer cleavage) is marked in bold. Positions where mis-matches can be removed or inserted to alter sensitivity to changing Drosha levels are underline.

[0039] Positions 5 and/or 9-12 can also be determined based on distance from the Drosha cutting site. For example, 65 angstroms is equal to 25 base pairs (bp) of RNA in a helical (paired) form, or .about.2.6 angstrom per bp RNA. If physical distance in angstroms from a Drosha cutting site is measured along a line following the center of the RNA helix, along the minimum linear path of the shorter strand, the predicted cutting site (Dcp)=0, and the Drosha cutting site (De)=0+e, where e is a continuous random variable between +/-7.8a, nucleotide positions would be: (pos. 5nt)=Dc+(2.6)*5a+r(5) angstroms, (pos. 9nt)=Dc+(2.6)*9+r(9) angstroms, . . . (pos. 12nt)=Dc+(2.6)*12a+r(12) angstroms, where r(x) is the iterative sum of x instances of a continuous random variable between +/-2.6 angstroms divided by the quantity x. If predictions of RNA secondary structure differ from measured structures, position in nucleotide and physical notation should be related as defined. Where multiple subspecies of stable secondary and tertiary structures result from a single sequence of RNA, the relation of position(nt) and physical distance should be calculated for each predicted (or measured) conformation, and modifications applied to either consensus structures, individual structures, or both.

[0040] The effects of Drosha expression on RNA based on the number of mis-matches described herein are relative. For example, an RNA with no mis-matches in positions 5 and 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site is least affected by reduced Drosha expression when compared to mRNA with 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 mis-matches in these positions. RNA with no mis-matches in positions 5 and 9-12 are referred to as "rigid RNAs" herein. Similarly, an RNA with 1 mis-match in positions 5 and 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site is less affected by reduced Drosha expression when compared to mRNA with 2, 3, 4 or 5 mis-matches in these positions. RNA with 1 mis-match in positions 5 and 9-12 are referred to as "semi-rigid RNAs" herein. An RNA with 2 mis-matches in positions 5 and 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site is less affected by reduced Drosha expression when compared to mRNA with 3, 4 or 5 mis-matches in these positions. RNA with 2 mis-match in positions 5 and 9-12 are referred to as "quasi-rigid RNAs" herein. An RNA with 3 mis-matches in positions 5 and 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site is less affected by reduced Drosha expression when compared to mRNA with 4 or 5 mis-matches in these positions. RNA with 3 mis-match in positions 5 and 9-12 are referred to as "mis-matched RNAs" herein. An RNA with 4 mis-matches in positions 5 and 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site is less affected by reduced Drosha expression when compared to mRNA with 5 mis-matches in these positions. RNA with 4 mis-matches in positions 5 and 9-12 are referred to as "highly mis-matched RNAs" herein. An RNA with 5 mis-matches in positions 5 and 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site is most affected by reduced Drosha expression when compared to mRNA with fewer than 5 mis-matches in these positions. RNA with 5 mis-matches in positions 5 and 9-12 are referred to as "fully mis-matched RNAs" herein. Based on the foregoing, low Drosha expression leads to a higher relative percentage of rigid RNAs, followed by semi-rigid RNAs, followed by quasi-rigid RNAs, followed by mis-matched RNAs, followed by highly mis-matched RNAs with the lowest relative percentage of fully-mismatched RNAs. High Drosha expression leads to more equal expression of all RNA types. As used herein, and for convenience only based on the relative nature of the described effects, "unaffected RNAs" can generally include rigid, semi-rigid and quasi-rigid RNAs whereas "affected RNAs" can generally include mis-matched, highly mis-matched and fully-mismatched RNAs.

[0041] One of ordinary skill in the art can readily determine whether an RNA is rigid, semi-rigid, quasi-rigid, mis-matched, highly mis-matched or fully mis-matched by referencing available texts and databases.

[0042] Exemplary rigid miRNAs include: let7b; let7d; let7f; let7i; miR-1; miR-101; miR-103; miR-105; miR-106a; miR-10a; miR-10b; miR-126*; miR-127; miR-137; miR-138; miR-140; miR-141; miR-142-5p; miR-144; miR-146; miR-153; miR-154; miR-154*; miR-155; miR-17-5p; miR-182*; miR-183; miR-188; miR-189; miR-190; miR-191; miR-192; miR-197; miR-199a*; miR-19a; miR-19b; miR-20; miR-200a; miR-205; miR-206; miR-21; miR-213; miR-22; miR-220; miR-222; miR-224; miR-23b; miR-24; miR-27b; miR-28; miR-299; miR-301; miR-302a; miR-302a*; miR-302b*; miR-302c; miR-302c*; miR-30a-3p; miR-30a-5p; miR-30b; miR-30e-3p; miR-30e-5p; miR-324-5p; miR-326; miR-330; miR-335; miR-337; miR-338; miR-34a; miR-365; miR-368; miR-369; miR-373*; miR-376a; miR-376b; miR-378; miR-380-3p; miR-380-5p; miR-381; miR-382; miR-412; miR-422a; miR-422b; miR-425; miR-429; miR-433; miR-448; miR-449; miR-451; miR-7; miR-9; miR-9*; miR-93; miR-96; and miR-98. Rigid miRNAs can be down-regulated in areas of low Drosha expression by introducing mis-matches in one or more of positions 5 and/or 9-12.

[0043] Exemplary semi-rigid miRNAs include: let7a; let7e; let7g; miR-106b; miR-107; miR-122a; miR-124a; miR-126; miR-129; miR-130a; miR-133b; miR-134; miR-135a; miR-139; miR-141; miR-142-3p; miR-143; miR-144; miR-145; miR-147; miR-148a; miR-148b; miR-150; miR-151; miR-152; miR-155; miR-16; miR-17-3p; miR-181a; miR-181b; miR-181c; miR-184; miR-185; miR-186; miR-187; miR-191; miR-192; miR-194; miR-195; miR-196a; miR-198; miR-199a; miR-199b; miR-200a; miR-200c; miR-202; miR-203; miR-204; miR-21; miR-210; miR-215; miR-216; miR-217; miR-218; miR-219; miR-22; miR-224; miR-23a; miR-26a; miR-296; miR-29b; miR-29c; miR-302b; miR-302d; miR-30a-3p; miR-30b; miR-30c; miR-30d; miR-30e-3p; miR-31; miR-32; miR-323; miR-325; miR-328; miR-330; miR-331; miR-338; miR-345; miR-34a; miR-367; miR-371; miR-372; miR-373; miR-374; miR-377; miR-379; miR-380-3p; miR-383; miR-384; miR-410; miR-424; miR-425; miR-431; miR-449; miR-450; miR-452; miR-7; miR-92; miR-93; and miR-96. Semi-rigid miRNAs can be down-regulated in areas of low Drosha expression by introducing mis-matches in one or more of positions 5 and/or 9-12. Semi-rigid miRNAs can be up-regulated in areas of low Drosha expression by removing its mis-match at position 5 and/or 9-12.

[0044] Exemplary quasi-rigid miRNAs include: let7c; miR-100; miR-125a; miR-125b; miR-130b; miR-133a; miR-133a; miR-135b; miR-136; miR-148a; miR-149; miR-151; miR-15a; miR-15b; miR-16; miR-18; miR-181a; miR-181c; miR-182; miR-183; miR-196b; miR-19b; miR-200b; miR-200c; miR-202; miR-208; miR-210; miR-211; miR-212; miR-215; miR-216; miR-219; miR-221; miR-23a; miR-26b; miR-27a; miR-301; miR-30d; miR-32; miR-320; miR-324-3p; miR-33; miR-339; miR-342; miR-346; miR-34c; miR-363; miR-370; miR-372; miR-373; miR-423; miR-95; miR-99a; and miR-99b. Quasi-rigid miRNAs can be down-regulated in areas of low Drosha expression by introducing mis-matches in one or more of positions 5 and/or 9-12. Quasi-rigid miRNAs can be up-regulated in areas of low Drosha expression by removing one or more of its mis-matches at position 5 and/or 9-12.

[0045] Exemplary mis-matched miRNAs include: miR-128a; miR-128b; miR-132; miR-136; miR-193; miR-200b; miR-214; miR-25; miR-29a; miR-329; miR-340; miR-346; miR-34b; miR-375; and miR-423. Mis-matched miRNAs can be up-regulated in areas of low Drosha expression by removing mis-matches in one or more of positions 5 and/or 9-12. Mis-matched miRNAs can be down-regulated in areas of low Drosha expression by introducing one or more mis-matches at position 5 and/or 9-12.

[0046] Exemplary highly-mismatched miRNAs include: miR-340; and miR-342. Highly mis-matched miRNAs can be up-regulated in areas of low Drosha expression by removing mis-matches in one or more of positions 5 and/or 9-12. Highly mis-matched miRNAs can be down-regulated in areas of low Drosha expression by introducing a mis-match at position 5 and/or 9-12.

[0047] Fully mis-matched miRNAs can be up-regulated in areas of low Drosha expression by removing one or more mis-matches at positions 5 and/or 9-12.

[0048] As used herein in all instances, nucleotide positions, "5 and/or 9-12" means positions 5 and/or 9 and/or 10 and/or 11 and/or 12. Potential combinations for the introduction or removal of mismatches yield the combinations of matched positions versus mis-matched positions as shown in the following Table 3.

TABLE-US-00003 TABLE 3 Matched vs. Mis-Matched Position Combinations in Positions 5 and/or 9-12. Position 5 Position 9 Position 10 Position 11 Position 12 Mis-match Mis-match Mis-match Mis-match Mis-match Match Mis-match Mis-match Mis-match Mis-match Mis-match Match Mis-match Mis-match Mis-match Mis-match Mis-match Match Mis-match Mis-match Mis-match Mis-match Mis-match Match Mis-match Mis-match Mis-match Mis-match Mis-match Match Match Match Mis-match Mis-match Mis-match Match Mis-match Match Mis-match Mis-match Match Mis-match Mis-match Match Mis-match Match Mis-match Mis-match Mis-match Match Mis-match Match Match Mis-match Mis-match Mis-match Match Mis-match Match Mis-match Mis-match Match Mis-match Mis-match Match Mis-match Mis-match Match Match Mis-match Mis-match Mis-match Match Mis-match Match Mis-match Mis-match Mis-match Match Match Match Match Match Mis-match Mis-match Match Match Mis-match Match Mis-match Match Match Mis-match Mis-match Match Match Mis-match Match Match Mis-match Match Mis-match Match Mis-match Match Match Mis-match Mis-match Match Match Mis-match Match Match Match Mis-match Mis-match Match Mis-match Match Match Mis-match Match Match Mis-match Match Mis-match Mis-match Match Match Match Match Match Match Match Mis-match Match Match Match Mis-match Match Match Match Mis-match Match Match Match Mis-match Match Match Match Mis-match Match Match Match Match Match Match Match Match Match

[0049] Further, as used herein, "miR" refers to both hairpin structures and/or mature miRNA.

[0050] Drosha levels vary between tissues and throughout cell development. For example, the brain expresses higher levels of Drosha than the liver. Further, Drosha levels decrease over the course of T-cell development and as stem cells differentiate into neurons. These differences support the hypothesis that cells could selectively regulate RNA expression by altering Drosha expression level. This is a novel mechanism which may be utilized while designing artificial RNAs either for general stability, or to control expression levels throughout differentiation when Drosha levels change, as well as fine tuning differential expression in different tissue types.

[0051] High versus low Drosha expression can be determined or quantified by various methods. For example, in one embodiment, high versus low Drosha expression is a relative determination from samples taken from the same subject. When determined using an intra-subject comparison, high versus low can be compared from the same tissue at different time points or can be compared at the same time using a reference tissue, such as T-cells, liver or brain. Additionally, population reference standards can be created by averaging levels of Drosha expression across a group of subjects at a given time during development and for a particular tissue type. A particular subject's Drosha expression could then be appropriately compared to the population reference to determine if the particular subject's level of Drosha expression is high or low. Another option is to define Drosha expression levels according to fragments per kilobase of exon per million fragments mapped (FPKM). See, for example, the human protein atlas:http://www.proteinatlas.org/ENSG00000113360/tissue. In this method, Drosha levels of .gtoreq.16 FPKM are considered high and Drosha levels <16 FPKM are considered low. Averages can be generated depending on the protein quantification method used. Within this context, the liver exhibits low Drosha expression (9 FPKM) and the brain (cerebral cortex) exhibits high Drosha expression (22 FPKM).

[0052] I. Drosha Regulation to Alter Cellular RNA Profiles

[0053] The current disclosure provides a mechanism to alter cellular RNA profiles by up- or down-regulating Drosha expression. Down-regulating Drosha expression results in a cellular RNA profile with a higher percentage of unaffected RNAs than if Drosha expression had not been down-regulated. If Drosha expression is naturally low in a cell type or period during development, up-regulating Drosha expression results in a cellular miRNA profiled with a higher percentage of affected RNA than if Drosha expression had not been up-regulated.

[0054] As used herein, "down-regulation" of Drosha means a reduction in the presence or activity of the Drosha protein. The reduction in the presence or activity lessens the physiological impact of Drosha within a cell. The down-regulation can occur due to translation of an incomplete Drosha protein sequence; incorrect folding of Drosha; or enhanced degradation of Drosha once formed. Down-regulation of Drosha can also occur due to elimination of the Drosha gene's expression (i.e. gene knockout); insertion of a nucleotide or polynucleotide molecule into the native Drosha gene sequence whereby the expression of the mutated gene is down-regulated (either partially or completely); insertion of a foreign set of base pairs in a Drosha coding region; deletion of any portion of the Drosha gene; reduced transcription of the Drosha gene; incomplete transcription of the Drosha gene; and/or interference with transcription or translation of the Drosha gene or Drosha mRNA.

[0055] An up-regulation of Drosha's activity may occur through one or more of increased presence of Drosha or increased potency of Drosha. An increased presence of Drosha can occur through its administration as a protein therapeutic, through genetic modifications that increase its expression and/or by its reduced degradation following administration or formation. Increased expression of Drosha can occur by increasing the copy number of the Drosha gene. Alternatively, a strong and/or inducible promoter may be used to direct the expression of the Drosha gene, the gene being expressed either as a transient expression vehicle or homologously or heterologously incorporated into the genome. In another embodiment, the promoter, regulatory region and/or the ribosome binding site upstream of the Drosha gene can be altered to achieve the over-expression. The expression may also be enhanced by increasing the relative half-life of Drosha mRNA. Increased potency of Drosha can occur through modifying the naturally occurring Drosha sequence to show enhanced cleavage of pri-miRNA.

[0056] As is understood by one of ordinary skill in the art, "down-regulation" and "up-regulation" can be measured against a relevant control condition.

[0057] II. miRNA Regulation Based on High or Low Drosha Expression

[0058] According to the present disclosure, miRNA can also be up- or down-regulated based on naturally occurring Drosha expression levels. For example, when Drosha expression levels are low, it may be desirable to (i) up-regulate affected RNA as these RNA naturally would be down-regulated in tissues with low Drosha expression and/or (ii) down-regulate unaffected RNA as these RNA naturally would be up-regulated in tissues with low Drosha expression. Alternatively, in areas with high Drosha expression, it may be desirable to (i) down-regulate affected RNA as these RNA naturally would be up-regulated in tissues with high Drosha expression and/or (ii) up-regulate unaffected miRNA as these miRNA naturally would be down-regulated as a percentage when compared to affected miRNA in tissues with high Drosha expression.

[0059] As used herein, "down-regulation" of RNA means a reduction in the presence or activity of an RNA. The reduction in the presence or activity lessens the physiological impact of the RNA within a cell. The down-regulation can occur due to reduced or incomplete transcription of an RNA gene sequence; enhanced degradation of RNA once it is formed; elimination of the RNA gene's expression (i.e. gene knockout); insertion of a nucleotide or polynucleotide molecule into the native gene sequence whereby expression of the mutated gene is down-regulated (either partially or completely); insertion of a foreign set of base pairs in a coding region; and/or deletion of any portion of the RNA gene.

[0060] An up-regulation of an RNA's activity may occur through one or more of increased presence or increased potency of the RNA. An increased presence of RNA can occur through its administration as a therapeutic, through genetic modifications that increase its expression and/or by its reduced degradation following administration or formation. Increased expression of RNA can occur by increasing the copy number of the RNA gene. Alternatively, a strong and/or inducible promoter may be used to direct the expression of the RNA gene, the gene being expressed either as a transient expression vehicle or homologously or heterologously incorporated into the genome. In another embodiment, the promoter, regulatory region and/or the ribosome binding site upstream of the RNA gene can be altered to achieve the over-expression. The expression may also be enhanced by increasing the relative half-life of RNA. Increased potency of miRNA can occur through modifying the naturally occurring sequence to show enhanced mRNA binding.

[0061] III. Artificial RNA Design to Provide Enhanced or Repressed RNA Processing

[0062] Based on the teachings of the present disclosure, RNA, including miRNA, can be designed to enhance or repress processing of the endogenous form of the RNA by removing or introducing mis-matches into nt positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site. Mis-matches are removed to enhance processing by making the RNA less susceptible to down-regulated Drosha expression. Mis-matches are introduced to repress processing by making RNA more susceptible to down-regulated Drosha expression.

[0063] Within the context of the designed artificial miRNAs, the term "miRNA" refers to any non-endogenous microRNA molecule that can be involved in RNA-based gene regulation. Accordingly, "miRNA" refers to any type of RNA capable of modulating the productive utilization of mRNA. The term "mRNA" refers to a nucleic acid transcribed from a gene from which a polypeptide is translated, and may include non-translated regions such as a 5'UTR and/or a 3'UTR. An miRNA can include a nucleotide sequence that is completely or partially complementary to any sequence of an mRNA molecule, including translated regions, the 5'UTR, the 3'UTR, and sequences that include both a translated region and a portion of either 5'UTR or 3'UTR. An miRNA may also comprise a nucleotide sequence that is complementary to a region of an mRNA molecule spanning the start codon or the stop codon.

Artificial miRNA can be designed based on any endogenous or naturally-occurring miRNA. Exemplary miRNA for use in the context of the current disclosure include any human, animal, or plant miRNA for various medicinal, veterinary, research, or agricultural purposes. For example, the following human miRNAs could be used: let-7a-1 (SEQ ID NO:1); let-7a-2 (SEQ ID NO:2); let-7a-3 (SEQ ID NO:3); let-7b (SEQ ID NO:4); let-7c (SEQ ID NO:5); let-7d (SEQ ID NO:6); let-7e (SEQ ID NO:7); let-7f-1 (SEQ ID NO:8); let-7f-2 (SEQ ID NO:9); let-7g (SEQ ID NO:10); let-7i (SEQ ID NO:11); miR-1-2 (SEQ ID NO:27); miR-1-1 (SEQ ID NO:26); miR-7-3 (SEQ ID NO:279); miR-7-2 (SEQ ID NO:278); miR-7-1 (SEQ ID NO:277); miR-9-3 (SEQ ID NO:286); miR-9-2 (SEQ ID NO:281); miR-9-1 (SEQ ID NO:280); miR-10a (SEQ ID NO:24); miR-10b (SEQ ID NO:25); miR-15a (SEQ ID NO:77); miR-15b (SEQ ID NO:78); miR-16-2 (SEQ ID NO:80); miR-16-1 (SEQ ID NO:79); miR-17 (SEQ ID NO:81); miR-18a (SEQ ID NO:95); miR-18b (SEQ ID NO:96); miR-19a (SEQ ID NO:114); miR-19b-1 (SEQ ID NO:115); miR-19b-2 (SEQ ID NO:116); miR-20a (SEQ ID NO:128); miR-20b (SEQ ID NO:129); miR-21 (SEQ ID NO:130); miR-22 (SEQ ID NO:144); miR-23a (SEQ ID NO:149); miR-23b (SEQ ID NO:150); miR-23c (SEQ ID NO:151); miR-24-2 (SEQ ID NO:153); miR-24-1 (SEQ ID NO:152); miR-25 (SEQ ID NO:154); miR-26a-1 (SEQ ID NO:155); miR-26a-2 (SEQ ID NO:156); miR-26b (SEQ ID NO:157); miR-27a (SEQ ID NO:158); miR-27b (SEQ ID NO:159); miR-28 (SEQ ID NO:160); miR-29a (SEQ ID NO:165); miR-29b-1 (SEQ ID NO:166); miR-29b-2 (SEQ ID NO:167); miR-29c (SEQ ID NO:168); miR-30a (SEQ ID NO:178); miR-30b (SEQ ID NO:179); miR-30c-1 (SEQ ID NO:180); miR-30c-2 (SEQ ID NO:181); miR-30d (SEQ ID NO:182); miR-30e (SEQ ID NO:183); miR-31 (SEQ ID NO:184); miR-32 (SEQ ID NO:185); miR-33a (SEQ ID NO:208); miR-33b (SEQ ID NO:209); miR-34a (SEQ ID NO:214); miR-34b (SEQ ID NO:215); miR-34c (SEQ ID NO:216); miR-92a-1 (SEQ ID NO:282); miR-92a-2 (SEQ ID NO:283); miR-92b (SEQ ID NO:284); miR-93 (SEQ ID NO:285); miR-95 (SEQ ID NO:287); miR-96 (SEQ ID NO:288); miR-98 (SEQ ID NO:289); miR-99a (SEQ ID NO:290); miR-99b (SEQ ID NO:291); miR-100 (SEQ ID NO:12); miR-101-2 (SEQ ID NO:14); miR-101-1 (SEQ ID NO:13); miR-103a-1 (SEQ ID NO:15); miR-103a-2 (SEQ ID NO:16); miR-103b-1 (SEQ ID NO:17); miR-103b-2 (SEQ ID NO:18); miR-105-2 (SEQ ID NO:20); miR-105-1 (SEQ ID NO:19); miR-106a (SEQ ID NO:21); miR-106b (SEQ ID NO:22); miR-107 (SEQ ID NO:23); miR-122 (SEQ ID NO:28); miR-124-3 (SEQ ID NO:31); miR-124-2 (SEQ ID NO:30); miR-124-1 (SEQ ID NO:29); miR-125a (SEQ ID NO:32); miR-125b-1 (SEQ ID NO:33); miR-125b-2 (SEQ ID NO:34); miR-126 (SEQ ID NO:35); miR-127 (SEQ ID NO:36); miR-128-2 (SEQ ID NO:38); miR-128-1 (SEQ ID NO:37); miR-129-2 (SEQ ID NO:40); miR-129-1 (SEQ ID NO:39); miR-130a (SEQ ID NO:41); miR-130b (SEQ ID NO:42); miR-132 (SEQ ID NO:43); miR-133a-1 (SEQ ID NO:44); miR-133a-2 (SEQ ID NO:45); miR-133b (SEQ ID NO:46); miR-134 (SEQ ID NO:47); miR-135a-1 (SEQ ID NO:48); miR-135a-2 (SEQ ID NO:49); miR-135b (SEQ ID NO:50); miR-136 (SEQ ID NO:51); miR-137 (SEQ ID NO:52); miR-138-2 (SEQ ID NO:54); miR-138-1 (SEQ ID NO:53); miR-139 (SEQ ID NO:55); miR-140 (SEQ ID NO:56); miR-141 (SEQ ID NO:57); miR-142 (SEQ ID NO:58); miR-143 (SEQ ID NO:59); miR-144 (SEQ ID NO:60); miR-145 (SEQ ID NO:61); miR-146a (SEQ ID NO:62); miR-146b (SEQ ID NO:63); miR-147a (SEQ ID NO:64); miR-147b (SEQ ID NO:65); miR-148a (SEQ ID NO:66); miR-148b (SEQ ID NO:67); miR-149 (SEQ ID NO:68); miR-150 (SEQ ID NO:69); miR-151a (SEQ ID NO:70); miR-151b (SEQ ID NO:71); miR-152 (SEQ ID NO:72); miR-153-2 (SEQ ID NO:74); miR-153-1 (SEQ ID NO:73); miR-154 (SEQ ID NO:75); miR-155 (SEQ ID NO:76); miR-181a-1 (SEQ ID NO:82); miR-181a-2 (SEQ ID NO:83); miR-181b-1 (SEQ ID NO:84); miR-181b-2 (SEQ ID NO:85); miR-181c (SEQ ID NO:86); miR-181d (SEQ ID NO:87); miR-182 (SEQ ID NO:88); miR-183 (SEQ ID NO:89); miR-184 (SEQ ID NO:90); miR-185 (SEQ ID NO:91); miR-186 (SEQ ID NO:92); miR-187 (SEQ ID NO:93); miR-188 (SEQ ID NO:94); miR-190a (SEQ ID NO:97); miR-190b (SEQ ID NO:98); miR-191 (SEQ ID NO:99); miR-192 (SEQ ID NO:100); miR-193a (SEQ ID NO:101); miR-193b (SEQ ID NO:102); miR-194-2 (SEQ ID NO:104); miR-194-1 (SEQ ID NO:103); miR-195 (SEQ ID NO:105); miR-196a-1 (SEQ ID NO:106); miR-196a-2 (SEQ ID NO:107); miR-196b (SEQ ID NO:108); miR-197 (SEQ ID NO:109); miR-198 (SEQ ID NO:110); miR-199a-1 (SEQ ID NO:111); miR-199a-2 (SEQ ID NO:112); miR-199b (SEQ ID NO:113); miR-200a (SEQ ID NO:117); miR-200b (SEQ ID NO:118); miR-200c (SEQ ID NO:119); miR-202 (SEQ ID NO:120); miR-203a (SEQ ID NO:121); miR-203b (SEQ ID NO:122); miR-204 (SEQ ID NO:123); miR-205 (SEQ ID NO:124); miR-206 (SEQ ID NO:125); miR-208a (SEQ ID NO:126); miR-208b (SEQ ID NO:127); miR-210 (SEQ ID NO:131); miR-211 (SEQ ID NO:132); miR-212 (SEQ ID NO:133); miR-214 (SEQ ID NO:134); miR-215 (SEQ ID NO:135); miR-216a (SEQ ID NO:136); miR-216b (SEQ ID NO:137); miR-217 (SEQ ID NO:138); miR-218-2 (SEQ ID NO:140); miR-218-1 (SEQ ID NO:139); miR-219a-1 (SEQ ID NO:141); miR-219a-2 (SEQ ID NO:142); miR-219b (SEQ ID NO:143); miR-221 (SEQ ID NO:145); miR-222 (SEQ ID NO:146); miR-223 (SEQ ID NO:147); miR-224 (SEQ ID NO:148); miR-296 (SEQ ID NO:161); miR-297 (SEQ ID NO:162); miR-298 (SEQ ID NO:163); miR-299 (SEQ ID NO:164); miR-300 (SEQ ID NO:169); miR-301a (SEQ ID NO:170); miR-301a (SEQ ID NO:171); miR-302a (SEQ ID NO:172); miR-302b (SEQ ID NO:173); miR-302c (SEQ ID NO:174); miR-302d (SEQ ID NO:175); miR-302e (SEQ ID NO:176); miR-302f (SEQ ID NO:177); miR-320a (SEQ ID NO:186); miR-320b-1 (SEQ ID NO:187); miR-320b-2 (SEQ ID NO:188); miR-320c-1 (SEQ ID NO:189); miR-320c-2 (SEQ ID NO:190); miR-320d-1 (SEQ ID NO:191); miR-320d-2 (SEQ ID NO:192); miR-320e (SEQ ID NO:193); miR-323a (SEQ ID NO:194); miR-323b (SEQ ID NO:195); miR-324 (SEQ ID NO:196); miR-325 (SEQ ID NO:197); miR-326 (SEQ ID NO:198); miR-328 (SEQ ID NO:199); miR-329-2 (SEQ ID NO:201); miR-329-1 (SEQ ID NO:200); miR-330 (SEQ ID NO:202); miR-331 (SEQ ID NO:203); miR-335 (SEQ ID NO:204); miR-337 (SEQ ID NO:205); miR-338 (SEQ ID NO:206); miR-339 (SEQ ID NO:207); miR-340 (SEQ ID NO:210); miR-342 (SEQ ID NO:211); miR-345 (SEQ ID NO:212); miR-346 (SEQ ID NO:213); miR-361 (SEQ ID NO:217); miR-362 (SEQ ID NO:218); miR-363 (SEQ ID NO:219); miR-365a (SEQ ID NO:220); miR-365b (SEQ ID NO:221); miR-367 (SEQ ID NO:222); miR-369 (SEQ ID NO:223); miR-370 (SEQ ID NO:224); miR-371a (SEQ ID NO:225); miR-371b (SEQ ID NO:226); miR-372 (SEQ ID NO:227); miR-373 (SEQ ID NO:228); miR-374a (SEQ ID NO:229); miR-374b (SEQ ID NO:230); miR-374c (SEQ ID NO:231); miR-375 (SEQ ID NO:232); miR-376a-1 (SEQ ID NO:233); miR-376a-2 (SEQ ID NO:234); miR-376b (SEQ ID NO:235); miR-376c (SEQ ID NO:236); miR-377 (SEQ ID NO:237); miR-378a (SEQ ID NO:238); miR-378b (SEQ ID NO:239); miR-378c (SEQ ID NO:240); miR-378d-1 (SEQ ID NO:241); miR-378d-2 (SEQ ID NO:242); miR-378e (SEQ ID NO:243); miR-378f (SEQ ID NO:244); miR-378g (SEQ ID NO:245); miR-378h (SEQ ID NO:246); miR-378i (SEQ ID NO:247); miR-378j (SEQ ID NO:248); miR-379 (SEQ ID NO:249); miR-380 (SEQ ID NO:250); miR-381 (SEQ ID NO:251); miR-382 (SEQ ID NO:252); miR-383 (SEQ ID NO:253); miR-384 (SEQ ID NO:254); miR-409 (SEQ ID NO:255); miR-410 (SEQ ID NO:256); miR-411 (SEQ ID NO:257); miR-412 (SEQ ID NO:258); miR-421 (SEQ ID NO:259); miR-422a (SEQ ID NO:260); miR-423 (SEQ ID NO:261); miR-424 (SEQ ID NO:262); miR-425 (SEQ ID NO:263); miR-429 (SEQ ID NO:264); miR-431 (SEQ ID NO:265); miR-432 (SEQ ID NO:266); miR-433 (SEQ ID NO:267); miR-448 (SEQ ID NO:268); miR-449a (SEQ ID NO:269); miR-449b (SEQ ID NO:270); miR-449c (SEQ ID NO:271); miR-450a-1 (SEQ ID NO:272); miR-450a-2 (SEQ ID NO:273); miR-450b (SEQ ID NO:274); miR-451a (SEQ ID NO:275); miR-451b (SEQ ID NO:276); miR-452 (SEQ ID NO:292); miR-454 (SEQ ID NO:293); miR-455 (SEQ ID NO:294); miR-466 (SEQ ID NO:295); miR-483 (SEQ ID NO:296); miR-484 (SEQ ID NO:297); miR-485 (SEQ ID NO:298); miR-486-2 (SEQ ID NO:300); miR-486 (SEQ ID NO:299); miR-487a (SEQ ID NO:301); miR-487b (SEQ ID NO:302); miR-488 (SEQ ID NO:303); miR-489 (SEQ ID NO:304); miR-490 (SEQ ID NO:305); miR-491 (SEQ ID NO:306); miR-492 (SEQ ID NO:307); miR-493 (SEQ ID NO:308); miR-494 (SEQ ID NO:309); miR-495 (SEQ ID NO:310); miR-496 (SEQ ID NO:311); miR-497 (SEQ ID NO:312); miR-498 (SEQ ID NO:313); miR-499a (SEQ ID NO:314); miR-499b (SEQ ID NO:315); miR-500a (SEQ ID NO:316); miR-500b (SEQ ID NO:317); miR-501 (SEQ ID NO:318); miR-502 (SEQ ID NO:319); miR-503 (SEQ ID NO:320); miR-504 (SEQ ID NO:321); miR-505 (SEQ ID NO:322); miR-506 (SEQ ID NO:323); miR-507 (SEQ ID NO:324); miR-508 (SEQ ID NO:325); miR-509-3 (SEQ ID NO:328); miR-509-2 (SEQ ID NO:327); miR-509-1 (SEQ ID NO:326); miR-510 (SEQ ID NO:329); miR-511 (SEQ ID NO:330); miR-512-2 (SEQ ID NO:332); miR-512-1 (SEQ ID NO:331); miR-513a-1 (SEQ ID NO:333); miR-513a-2 (SEQ ID NO:334); miR-513b (SEQ ID NO:335); miR-513c (SEQ ID NO:336); miR-514a-1 (SEQ ID NO:337); miR-514a-2 (SEQ ID NO:338); miR-514a-3 (SEQ ID NO:339); miR-514b (SEQ ID NO:340); miR-515-2 (SEQ ID NO:342); miR-515-1 (SEQ ID NO:341); miR-516a-1 (SEQ ID NO:343); miR-516a-2 (SEQ ID NO:344); miR-516b-1 (SEQ ID NO:345); miR-516b-2 (SEQ ID NO:346); miR-517a (SEQ ID NO:347); miR-517b (SEQ ID NO:348); miR-517c (SEQ ID NO:349); miR-518a-1 (SEQ ID NO:350); miR-518a-2 (SEQ ID NO:351); miR-518b (SEQ ID NO:352); miR-518c (SEQ ID NO:353); miR-518d (SEQ ID NO:354); miR-518e (SEQ ID NO:355); miR-518f (SEQ ID NO:356); miR-519a-1 (SEQ ID NO:357); miR-519a-2 (SEQ ID NO:358); miR-519b (SEQ ID NO:359); miR-519c (SEQ ID NO:360); miR-519d (SEQ ID NO:361); miR-519e (SEQ ID NO:362); miR-520a (SEQ ID NO:363); miR-520b (SEQ ID NO:364); miR-520c (SEQ ID NO:365); miR-520d (SEQ ID NO:366); miR-520e (SEQ ID NO:367); miR-520f (SEQ ID NO:368); miR-520g (SEQ ID NO:369); miR-520h (SEQ ID NO:370); miR-521-2 (SEQ ID NO:372); miR-521-1 (SEQ ID NO:371); miR-522 (SEQ ID NO:373); miR-523 (SEQ ID NO:374); miR-524 (SEQ ID NO:375); miR-525 (SEQ ID NO:376); miR-526a-1 (SEQ ID NO:377); miR-526a-2 (SEQ ID NO:378); miR-526b (SEQ ID NO:379); miR-527 (SEQ ID NO:380); miR-532 (SEQ ID NO:381); miR-539 (SEQ ID NO:382); miR-541 (SEQ ID NO:383); miR-542 (SEQ ID NO:384); miR-543 (SEQ ID NO:385); miR-544a (SEQ ID NO:386); miR-544b (SEQ ID NO:387); miR-545 (SEQ ID NO:388); miR-548a-1 (SEQ ID NO:389); miR-548a-2 (SEQ ID NO:390); miR-548a-3 (SEQ ID NO:391); miR-548aa-1 (SEQ ID NO:392); miR-548aa-2 (SEQ ID NO:393); miR-548ab (SEQ ID NO:394); miR-548ac (SEQ ID NO:395); miR-548ad (SEQ ID NO:396); miR-548ae-1 (SEQ ID NO:397); miR-548ae-2 (SEQ ID NO:398); miR-548ag-1 (SEQ ID NO:399); miR-548ag-2 (SEQ ID NO:400); miR-548ah (SEQ ID NO:401); miR-548ai (SEQ ID NO:402); miR-548aj-1 (SEQ ID NO:403); miR-548aj-2 (SEQ ID NO:404); miR-548ak (SEQ ID NO:405); miR-548al (SEQ ID NO:406); miR-548am (SEQ ID NO:407); miR-548an (SEQ ID NO:408); miR-548ao (SEQ ID NO:409); miR-548ap (SEQ ID NO:410); miR-548aq (SEQ ID NO:411); miR-548ar (SEQ ID NO:412); miR-548as (SEQ ID NO:413); miR-548at (SEQ ID NO:414); miR-548au (SEQ ID NO:415); miR-548av (SEQ ID NO:416); miR-548aw (SEQ ID NO:417); miR-548ax (SEQ ID NO:418); miR-548ay (SEQ ID NO:419); miR-548az (SEQ ID NO:420); miR-548b (SEQ ID NO:421); miR-548ba (SEQ ID NO:422); miR-548c (SEQ ID NO:423); miR-548d-1 (SEQ ID NO:424); miR-548d-2 (SEQ ID NO:425); miR-548e (SEQ ID NO:426); miR-548f-1 (SEQ ID NO:427); miR-548f-2 (SEQ ID NO:428); miR-548f-3 (SEQ ID NO:429); miR-548f-4 (SEQ ID NO:430); miR-548f-5 (SEQ ID NO:431); miR-548g (SEQ ID NO:432); miR-548h-1 (SEQ ID NO:433); miR-548h-2 (SEQ ID NO:434); miR-548h-3 (SEQ ID NO:435); miR-548h-4 (SEQ ID NO:436); miR-548h-5 (SEQ ID NO:437); miR-548i-1 (SEQ ID NO:438); miR-548i-2 (SEQ ID NO:439); miR-548i-3 (SEQ ID NO:440); miR-548i-4 (SEQ ID NO:441); miR-548j (SEQ ID NO:442); miR-548k (SEQ ID NO:443); miR-548l (SEQ ID NO:444); miR-548m (SEQ ID NO:445); miR-548n (SEQ ID NO:446); miR-548o (SEQ ID NO:447); miR-548o-2 (SEQ ID NO:448); miR-548p (SEQ ID NO:449); miR-548q (SEQ ID NO:450); miR-548s (SEQ ID NO:451); miR-548t (SEQ ID NO:452); miR-548u (SEQ ID NO:453); miR-548v (SEQ ID NO:454); miR-548w (SEQ ID NO:455); miR-548x (SEQ ID NO:456); miR-548x-2 (SEQ ID NO:457); miR-548y (SEQ ID NO:458); miR-548z (SEQ ID NO:459); miR-549a (SEQ ID NO:460); miR-550a-1 (SEQ ID NO:461); miR-550a-2 (SEQ ID NO:462); miR-550a-3 (SEQ ID NO:463); miR-550b-1 (SEQ ID NO:464); miR-550b-2 (SEQ ID NO:465); miR-551a (SEQ ID NO:466); miR-551b (SEQ ID NO:467); miR-552 (SEQ ID NO:468); miR-553 (SEQ ID NO:469); miR-554 (SEQ ID NO:470); miR-555 (SEQ ID NO:471); miR-556 (SEQ ID NO:472); miR-557 (SEQ ID NO:473); miR-558 (SEQ ID NO:474); miR-559 (SEQ ID NO:475); miR-561 (SEQ ID NO:476); miR-562 (SEQ ID NO:477); miR-563 (SEQ ID NO:478); miR-564 (SEQ ID NO:479); miR-566 (SEQ ID NO:480); miR-567 (SEQ ID NO:481); miR-568 (SEQ ID NO:482); miR-569 (SEQ ID NO:483); miR-570 (SEQ ID NO:484); miR-571 (SEQ ID NO:485); miR-572 (SEQ ID NO:486); miR-573 (SEQ ID NO:487); miR-574 (SEQ ID NO:488); miR-575 (SEQ ID NO:489); miR-576 (SEQ ID NO:490); miR-577 (SEQ ID NO:491); miR-578 (SEQ ID NO:492); miR-579 (SEQ ID NO:493); miR-580 (SEQ ID NO:494); miR-581 (SEQ ID NO:495); miR-582 (SEQ ID NO:496); miR-583 (SEQ ID NO:497); miR-584 (SEQ ID NO:498); miR-585 (SEQ ID NO:499); miR-586 (SEQ ID NO:500); miR-587 (SEQ ID NO:501); miR-588 (SEQ ID NO:502); miR-589 (SEQ ID NO:503); miR-590 (SEQ ID NO:504); miR-591 (SEQ ID NO:505); miR-592 (SEQ ID NO:506); miR-593 (SEQ ID NO:507); miR-595 (SEQ ID NO:508); miR-596 (SEQ ID NO:509); miR-597 (SEQ ID NO:510); miR-598 (SEQ ID NO:511); miR-599 (SEQ ID NO:512); miR-600 (SEQ ID NO:513); miR-601 (SEQ ID NO:514); miR-602 (SEQ ID NO:515); miR-603 (SEQ ID NO:516); miR-604 (SEQ ID NO:517); miR-605 (SEQ ID NO:518); miR-606 (SEQ ID NO:519); miR-607 (SEQ ID NO:520); miR-608 (SEQ ID NO:521); miR-609 (SEQ ID NO:522); miR-610 (SEQ ID NO:523); miR-611 (SEQ ID NO:524); miR-612 (SEQ ID NO:525); miR-613 (SEQ ID NO:526); miR-614 (SEQ ID NO:527); miR-615 (SEQ ID NO:528); miR-616 (SEQ ID NO:529); miR-617 (SEQ ID NO:530); miR-618 (SEQ ID NO:531); miR-619 (SEQ ID NO:532); miR-620 (SEQ ID NO:533); miR-621 (SEQ ID NO:534); miR-622 (SEQ ID NO:535); miR-623 (SEQ ID NO:536); miR-624 (SEQ ID NO:537); miR-625 (SEQ ID NO:538); miR-626 (SEQ ID NO:539); miR-627 (SEQ ID NO:540); miR-628 (SEQ ID NO:541); miR-629 (SEQ ID NO:542); miR-630 (SEQ ID NO:543); miR-631 (SEQ ID NO:544); miR-632 (SEQ ID NO:545); miR-633 (SEQ ID NO:546); miR-634 (SEQ ID NO:547); miR-635 (SEQ ID NO:548); miR-636 (SEQ ID NO:549); miR-637 (SEQ ID NO:550); miR-638 (SEQ ID NO:551); miR-639 (SEQ ID NO:552); miR-640 (SEQ ID NO:553); miR-641 (SEQ ID NO:554); miR-642a (SEQ ID NO:555); miR-642b (SEQ ID NO:556); miR-643 (SEQ ID NO:557); miR-644a (SEQ ID NO:558); miR-645 (SEQ ID NO:559); miR-646 (SEQ ID NO:560); miR-647 (SEQ ID NO:561); miR-648 (SEQ ID NO:562); miR-649 (SEQ ID NO:563); miR-650 (SEQ ID NO:564); miR-651 (SEQ ID NO:565); miR-652 (SEQ ID NO:566); miR-653 (SEQ ID NO:567); miR-654 (SEQ ID NO:568); miR-655 (SEQ ID NO:569); miR-656 (SEQ ID NO:570); miR-657 (SEQ ID NO:571); miR-658 (SEQ ID NO:572); miR-659 (SEQ ID NO:573); miR-660 (SEQ ID NO:574); miR-661 (SEQ ID NO:575); miR-662 (SEQ ID NO:576); miR-663a (SEQ ID NO:577); miR-663b (SEQ ID NO:578); miR-664a (SEQ ID NO:579); miR-664b (SEQ ID NO:580); miR-665 (SEQ ID NO:581); miR-668 (SEQ ID NO:582); miR-670 (SEQ ID NO:583); miR-671 (SEQ ID NO:584); miR-675 (SEQ ID NO:585); miR-676 (SEQ ID NO:586); miR-708 (SEQ ID NO:587); miR-711 (SEQ ID NO:588); miR-718 (SEQ ID NO:589); miR-744 (SEQ ID NO:590); miR-758 (SEQ ID NO:591); miR-759 (SEQ ID NO:592); miR-760 (SEQ ID NO:593); miR-761 (SEQ ID NO:594); miR-762 (SEQ ID NO:595); miR-764 (SEQ ID NO:596); miR-765 (SEQ ID NO:597); miR-766 (SEQ ID NO:598); miR-767 (SEQ ID NO:599); miR-769 (SEQ ID NO:600); miR-770 (SEQ ID NO:601); miR-802 (SEQ ID NO:602); miR-873 (SEQ ID NO:603); miR-874 (SEQ ID NO:604); miR-875 (SEQ ID NO:605); miR-876 (SEQ ID NO:606); miR-877 (SEQ ID NO:607); miR-885 (SEQ ID NO:608); miR-887 (SEQ ID NO:609); miR-888 (SEQ ID NO:610); miR-889 (SEQ ID NO:611); miR-890 (SEQ ID NO:612); miR-891a (SEQ ID NO:613); miR-891b (SEQ ID NO:614); miR-892a (SEQ ID NO:615); miR-892b (SEQ ID NO:616); miR-892c (SEQ ID NO:617); miR-920 (SEQ ID NO:618); miR-921 (SEQ ID NO:619); miR-922 (SEQ ID NO:620); miR-924 (SEQ ID NO:621); miR-933 (SEQ ID NO:622); miR-934 (SEQ ID NO:623); miR-935 (SEQ ID NO:624); miR-936 (SEQ ID NO:625); miR-937 (SEQ ID NO:626); miR-938 (SEQ ID NO:627); miR-939 (SEQ ID NO:628); miR-940 (SEQ ID NO:629); miR-941-4 (SEQ ID NO:633); miR-941-3 (SEQ ID NO:632); miR-941-2 (SEQ ID NO:631); miR-941-1 (SEQ ID NO:630); miR-942 (SEQ ID NO:634); miR-943 (SEQ ID NO:635); miR-944 (SEQ ID NO:636); miR-1178 (SEQ ID NO:637); miR-1179 (SEQ ID NO:638); miR-1180 (SEQ ID NO:639); miR-1181 (SEQ ID NO:640); miR-1182 (SEQ ID NO:641); miR-1183 (SEQ ID NO:642); miR-1184-3 (SEQ ID NO:645); miR-1184-2 (SEQ ID NO:644); miR-1184-1 (SEQ ID NO:643); miR-1185-2 (SEQ ID NO:647); miR-1185-1 (SEQ ID NO:646); miR-1193 (SEQ ID NO:648); miR-1197 (SEQ ID NO:649); miR-1199 (SEQ ID NO:650); miR-1200 (SEQ ID NO:651); miR-1202 (SEQ ID NO:652); miR-1203 (SEQ ID NO:653); miR-1204 (SEQ ID NO:654); miR-1205 (SEQ ID NO:655); miR-1206 (SEQ ID NO:656); miR-1207 (SEQ ID NO:657); miR-1208 (SEQ ID NO:658); miR-1224 (SEQ ID NO:659); miR-1225 (SEQ ID NO:660); miR-1226 (SEQ ID NO:661); miR-1227 (SEQ ID NO:662); miR-1228 (SEQ ID NO:663); miR-1229 (SEQ ID NO:664); miR-1231 (SEQ ID NO:665); miR-1233-2 (SEQ ID NO:667); miR-1233-1 (SEQ ID NO:666); miR-1234 (SEQ ID NO:668); miR-1236 (SEQ ID NO:669); miR-1237 (SEQ ID NO:670); miR-1238 (SEQ ID NO:671); miR-1243 (SEQ ID NO:672); miR-1244-3 (SEQ ID

NO:675); miR-1244-2 (SEQ ID NO:674); miR-1244-1 (SEQ ID NO:673); miR-1245a (SEQ ID NO:676); miR-1245b (SEQ ID NO:677); miR-1246 (SEQ ID NO:678); miR-1247 (SEQ ID NO:679); miR-1248 (SEQ ID NO:680); miR-1249 (SEQ ID NO:681); miR-1250 (SEQ ID NO:682); miR-1251 (SEQ ID NO:683); miR-1252 (SEQ ID NO:684); miR-1253 (SEQ ID NO:685); miR-1254-2 (SEQ ID NO:687); miR-1254-1 (SEQ ID NO:686); miR-1255a (SEQ ID NO:688); miR-1255b-1 (SEQ ID NO:689); miR-1255b-2 (SEQ ID NO:690); miR-1256 (SEQ ID NO:691); miR-1257 (SEQ ID NO:692); miR-1258 (SEQ ID NO:693); miR-1260a (SEQ ID NO:694); miR-1260b (SEQ ID NO:695); miR-1261 (SEQ ID NO:696); miR-1262 (SEQ ID NO:697); miR-1263 (SEQ ID NO:698); miR-1264 (SEQ ID NO:699); miR-1265 (SEQ ID NO:700); miR-1266 (SEQ ID NO:701); miR-1267 (SEQ ID NO:702); miR-1268a (SEQ ID NO:703); miR-1268b (SEQ ID NO:704); miR-1269a (SEQ ID NO:705); miR-1269b (SEQ ID NO:706); miR-1270-2 (SEQ ID NO:708); miR-1270-1 (SEQ ID NO:707); miR-1271 (SEQ ID NO:709); miR-1272 (SEQ ID NO:710); miR-1273a (SEQ ID NO:711); miR-1273c (SEQ ID NO:712); miR-1273d (SEQ ID NO:713); miR-1273e (SEQ ID NO:714); miR-1273f (SEQ ID NO:715); miR-1273g (SEQ ID NO:716); miR-1273h (SEQ ID NO:717); miR-1275 (SEQ ID NO:718); miR-1276 (SEQ ID NO:719); miR-1277 (SEQ ID NO:720); miR-1278 (SEQ ID NO:721); miR-1279 (SEQ ID NO:722); miR-1281 (SEQ ID NO:723); miR-1282 (SEQ ID NO:724); miR-1283-2 (SEQ ID NO:726); miR-1283-1 (SEQ ID NO:725); miR-1284 (SEQ ID NO:727); miR-1285-2 (SEQ ID NO:729); miR-1285-1 (SEQ ID NO:728); miR-1286 (SEQ ID NO:730); miR-1287 (SEQ ID NO:731); miR-1288 (SEQ ID NO:732); miR-1289-2 (SEQ ID NO:734); miR-1289-1 (SEQ ID NO:733); miR-1290 (SEQ ID NO:735); miR-1291 (SEQ ID NO:736); miR-1292 (SEQ ID NO:737); miR-1293 (SEQ ID NO:738); miR-1294 (SEQ ID NO:739); miR-1295a (SEQ ID NO:740); miR-1295b (SEQ ID NO:741); miR-1296 (SEQ ID NO:742); miR-1297 (SEQ ID NO:743); miR-1298 (SEQ ID NO:744); miR-1299 (SEQ ID NO:745); miR-1301 (SEQ ID NO:746); miR-1302-11 (SEQ ID NO:749); miR-1302-10 (SEQ ID NO:748); miR-1302-9 (SEQ ID NO:757); miR-1302-8 (SEQ ID NO:756); miR-1302-7 (SEQ ID NO:755); miR-1302-6 (SEQ ID NO:754); miR-1302-5 (SEQ ID NO:753); miR-1302-4 (SEQ ID NO:752); miR-1302-3 (SEQ ID NO:751); miR-1302-2 (SEQ ID NO:750); miR-1302-1 (SEQ ID NO:747); miR-1303 (SEQ ID NO:758); miR-1304 (SEQ ID NO:759); miR-1305 (SEQ ID NO:760); miR-1306 (SEQ ID NO:761); miR-1307 (SEQ ID NO:762); miR-1321 (SEQ ID NO:763); miR-1322 (SEQ ID NO:764); miR-1323 (SEQ ID NO:765); miR-1324 (SEQ ID NO:766); miR-1343 (SEQ ID NO:767); miR-1468 (SEQ ID NO:768); miR-1469 (SEQ ID NO:769); miR-1470 (SEQ ID NO:770); miR-1471 (SEQ ID NO:771); miR-1537 (SEQ ID NO:772); miR-1538 (SEQ ID NO:773); miR-1539 (SEQ ID NO:774); miR-1587 (SEQ ID NO:775); miR-1825 (SEQ ID NO:776); miR-1827 (SEQ ID NO:777); miR-1908 (SEQ ID NO:778); miR-1909 (SEQ ID NO:779); miR-1910 (SEQ ID NO:780); miR-1911 (SEQ ID NO:781); miR-1912 (SEQ ID NO:782); miR-1913 (SEQ ID NO:783); miR-1914 (SEQ ID NO:784); miR-1915 (SEQ ID NO:785); miR-1972-2 (SEQ ID NO:787); miR-1972-1 (SEQ ID NO:786); miR-1973 (SEQ ID NO:788); miR-1976 (SEQ ID NO:789); miR-2052 (SEQ ID NO:790); miR-2053 (SEQ ID NO:791); miR-2054 (SEQ ID NO:792); miR-2110 (SEQ ID NO:793); miR-2113 (SEQ ID NO:794); miR-2114 (SEQ ID NO:795); miR-2115 (SEQ ID NO:796); miR-2116 (SEQ ID NO:797); miR-2117 (SEQ ID NO:798); miR-2276 (SEQ ID NO:799); miR-2277 (SEQ ID NO:800); miR-2278 (SEQ ID NO:801); miR-2355 (SEQ ID NO:802); miR-2392 (SEQ ID NO:803); miR-2467 (SEQ ID NO:804); miR-2681 (SEQ ID NO:805); miR-2682 (SEQ ID NO:806); miR-2861 (SEQ ID NO:807); miR-2909 (SEQ ID NO:808); miR-3064 (SEQ ID NO:809); miR-3065 (SEQ ID NO:810); miR-3074 (SEQ ID NO:811); miR-3115 (SEQ ID NO:812); miR-3116-2 (SEQ ID NO:814); miR-3116-1 (SEQ ID NO:813); miR-3117 (SEQ ID NO:815); miR-3118-6 (SEQ ID NO:821); miR-3118-5 (SEQ ID NO:820); miR-3118-4 (SEQ ID NO:819); miR-3118-3 (SEQ ID NO:818); miR-3118-2 (SEQ ID NO:817); miR-3118-1 (SEQ ID NO:816); miR-3119-2 (SEQ ID NO:823); miR-3119-1 (SEQ ID NO:822); miR-3120 (SEQ ID NO:824); miR-3121 (SEQ ID 22 (SEQ ID NO:826); miR-3123 (SEQ ID NO:827); miR-3124 (SEQ ID NO:828); miR-3125 (SEQ ID NO:829); miR-3126 (SEQ ID NO:830); miR-3127 (SEQ ID NO:831); miR-3128 (SEQ ID NO:832); miR-3129 (SEQ ID NO:833); miR-3130-2 (SEQ ID NO:835); miR-3130-1 (SEQ ID NO:834); miR-3131 (SEQ ID NO:836); miR-3132 (SEQ ID NO:837); miR-3133 (SEQ ID NO:838); miR-3134 (SEQ ID NO:839); miR-3135a (SEQ ID NO:840); miR-3135b (SEQ ID NO:841); miR-3136 (SEQ ID NO:842); miR-3137 (SEQ ID NO:843); miR-3138 (SEQ ID NO:844); miR-3139 (SEQ ID NO:845); miR-3140 (SEQ ID NO:846); miR-3141 (SEQ ID NO:847); miR-3142 (SEQ ID NO:848); miR-3143 (SEQ ID NO:849); miR-3144 (SEQ ID NO:850); miR-3145 (SEQ ID NO:851); miR-3146 (SEQ ID NO:852); miR-3147 (SEQ ID NO:853); miR-3148 (SEQ ID NO:854); miR-3149 (SEQ ID NO:855); miR-3150a (SEQ ID NO:856); miR-3150b (SEQ ID NO:857); miR-3151 (SEQ ID NO:858); miR-3152 (SEQ ID NO:859); miR-3153 (SEQ ID NO:860); miR-3154 (SEQ ID NO:861); miR-3155a (SEQ ID NO:862); miR-3155b (SEQ ID NO:863); miR-3156-3 (SEQ ID NO:866); miR-3156-2 (SEQ ID NO:865); miR-3156-1 (SEQ ID NO:864); miR-3157 (SEQ ID NO:867); miR-3158-2 (SEQ ID NO:869); miR-3158-1 (SEQ ID NO:868); miR-3159 (SEQ ID NO:870); miR-3160-2 (SEQ ID NO:872); miR-3160-1 (SEQ ID NO:871); miR-3161 (SEQ ID NO:873); miR-3162 (SEQ ID NO:874); miR-3163 (SEQ ID NO:875); miR-3164 (SEQ ID NO:876); miR-3165 (SEQ ID NO:877); miR-3166 (SEQ ID NO:878); miR-3167 (SEQ ID NO:879); miR-3168 (SEQ ID NO:880); miR-3169 (SEQ ID NO:881); miR-3170 (SEQ ID NO:882); miR-3171 (SEQ ID NO:883); miR-3173 (SEQ ID NO:884); miR-3174 (SEQ ID NO:885); miR-3175 (SEQ ID NO:886); miR-3176 (SEQ ID NO:887); miR-3177 (SEQ ID NO:888); miR-3178 (SEQ ID NO:889); miR-3179-3 (SEQ ID NO:892); miR-3179-2 (SEQ ID NO:891); miR-3179-1 (SEQ ID NO:890); miR-3180-5 (SEQ ID NO:897); miR-3180-4 (SEQ ID NO:896); miR-3180-3 (SEQ ID NO:895); miR-3180-2 (SEQ ID NO:894); miR-3180-1 (SEQ ID NO:893); miR-3181 (SEQ ID NO:898); miR-3182 (SEQ ID NO:899); miR-3183 (SEQ ID NO:900); miR-3184 (SEQ ID NO:901); miR-3185 (SEQ ID NO:902); miR-3186 (SEQ ID NO:903); miR-3187 (SEQ ID NO:904); miR-3188 (SEQ ID NO:905); miR-3189 (SEQ ID NO:906); miR-3190 (SEQ ID NO:907); miR-3191 (SEQ ID NO:908); miR-3192 (SEQ ID NO:909); miR-3193 (SEQ ID NO:910); miR-3194 (SEQ ID NO:911); miR-3195 (SEQ ID NO:912); miR-3196 (SEQ ID NO:913); miR-3197 (SEQ ID NO:914); miR-3198-2 (SEQ ID NO:916); miR-3198-1 (SEQ ID NO:915); miR-3199-2 (SEQ ID NO:918); miR-3199-1 (SEQ ID NO:917); miR-3200 (SEQ ID NO:919); miR-3201 (SEQ ID NO:920); miR-3202-2 (SEQ ID NO:922); miR-3202-1 (SEQ ID NO:921); miR-3529 (SEQ ID NO:923); miR-3591 (SEQ ID NO:924); miR-3605 (SEQ ID NO:925); miR-3606 (SEQ ID NO:926); miR-3607 (SEQ ID NO:927); miR-3609 (SEQ ID NO:928); miR-3610 (SEQ ID NO:929); miR-3611 (SEQ ID NO:930); miR-3612 (SEQ ID NO:931); miR-3613 (SEQ ID NO:932); miR-3614 (SEQ ID NO:933); miR-3615 (SEQ ID NO:934); miR-3616 (SEQ ID NO:935); miR-3617 (SEQ ID NO:936); miR-3618 (SEQ ID NO:937); miR-3619 (SEQ ID NO:938); miR-3620 (SEQ ID NO:939); miR-3621 (SEQ ID NO:940); miR-3622a (SEQ ID NO:941); miR-3622b (SEQ ID NO:942); miR-3646 (SEQ ID NO:943); miR-3648 (SEQ ID NO:944); miR-3649 (SEQ ID NO:945); miR-3650 (SEQ ID NO:946); miR-3651 (SEQ ID NO:947); miR-3652 (SEQ ID NO:948); miR-3653 (SEQ ID NO:949); miR-3654 (SEQ ID NO:950); miR-3655 (SEQ ID NO:951); miR-3656 (SEQ ID NO:952); miR-3657 (SEQ ID NO:953); miR-3658 (SEQ ID NO:954); miR-3659 (SEQ ID NO:955); miR-3660 (SEQ ID NO:956); miR-3661 (SEQ ID NO:957); miR-3662 (SEQ ID NO:958); miR-3663 (SEQ ID NO:959); miR-3664 (SEQ ID NO:960); miR-3665 (SEQ ID NO:961); miR-3666 (SEQ ID NO:962); miR-3667 (SEQ ID NO:963); miR-3668 (SEQ ID NO:964); miR-3669 (SEQ ID NO:965); miR-3670-2 (SEQ ID NO:967); miR-3670-1 (SEQ ID NO:966); miR-3671 (SEQ ID NO:968); miR-3672 (SEQ ID NO:969); miR-3673 (SEQ ID NO:970); miR-3674 (SEQ ID NO:971); miR-3675 (SEQ ID NO:972); miR-3677 (SEQ ID NO:973); miR-3678 (SEQ ID NO:974); miR-3679 (SEQ ID NO:975); miR-3680-2 (SEQ ID NO:977); miR-3680-1 (SEQ ID NO:976); miR-3681 (SEQ ID NO:978); miR-3682 (SEQ ID NO:979); miR-3683 (SEQ ID NO:980); miR-3684 (SEQ ID NO:981); miR-3685 (SEQ ID NO:982); miR-3686 (SEQ ID NO:983); miR-3687 (SEQ ID NO:984); miR-3688-2 (SEQ ID NO:986); miR-3688-1 (SEQ ID NO:985); miR-3689a (SEQ ID NO:987); miR-3689b (SEQ ID NO:988); miR-3689c (SEQ ID NO:989); miR-3689d-1 (SEQ ID NO:990); miR-3689d-2 (SEQ ID NO:991); miR-3689e (SEQ ID NO:992); miR-3689f (SEQ ID NO:993); miR-3690-2 (SEQ ID NO:995); miR-3690-1 (SEQ ID NO:994); miR-3691 (SEQ ID NO:996); miR-3692 (SEQ ID NO:997); miR-3713 (SEQ ID NO:998); miR-3714 (SEQ ID NO:999); miR-3907 (SEQ ID NO:1000); miR-3908 (SEQ ID NO:1001); miR-3909 (SEQ ID NO:1002); miR-3910-2 (SEQ ID NO:1004); miR-3910-1 (SEQ ID NO:1003); miR-3911 (SEQ ID NO:1005); miR-3912 (SEQ ID NO:1006); miR-3913-2 (SEQ ID NO:1008); miR-3913-1 (SEQ ID NO:1007); miR-3914-2 (SEQ ID NO:1010); miR-3914-1 (SEQ ID NO:1009); miR-3915 (SEQ ID NO:1011); miR-3916 (SEQ ID NO:1012); miR-3917 (SEQ ID NO:1013); miR-3918 (SEQ ID NO:1014); miR-3919 (SEQ ID NO:1015); miR-3920 (SEQ ID NO:1016); miR-3921 (SEQ ID NO:1017); miR-3922 (SEQ ID NO:1018); miR-3923 (SEQ ID NO:1019); miR-3924 (SEQ ID NO:1020); miR-3925 (SEQ ID NO:1021); miR-3926-2 (SEQ ID NO:1023); miR-3926-1 (SEQ ID NO:1022); miR-3927 (SEQ ID NO:1024); miR-3928 (SEQ ID NO:1025); miR-3929 (SEQ ID NO:1026); miR-3934 (SEQ ID NO:1027); miR-3935 (SEQ ID NO:1028); miR-3936 (SEQ ID NO:1029); miR-3937 (SEQ ID NO:1030); miR-3938 (SEQ ID NO:1031); miR-3939 (SEQ ID NO:1032); miR-3940 (SEQ ID NO:1033); miR-3941 (SEQ ID NO:1034); miR-3942 (SEQ ID NO:1035); miR-3943 (SEQ ID NO:1036); miR-3944 (SEQ ID NO:1037); miR-3945 (SEQ ID NO:1038); miR-3960 (SEQ ID NO:1039); miR-3972 (SEQ ID NO:1040); miR-3973 (SEQ ID NO:1041); miR-3974 (SEQ ID NO:1042); miR-3975 (SEQ ID NO:1043); miR-3976 (SEQ ID NO:1044); miR-3977 (SEQ ID NO:1045); miR-3978 (SEQ ID NO:1046); miR-4251 (SEQ ID NO:1047); miR-4252 (SEQ ID NO:1048); miR-4253 (SEQ ID NO:1049); miR-4254 (SEQ ID NO:1050); miR-4255 (SEQ ID NO:1051); miR-4256 (SEQ ID NO:1052); miR-4257 (SEQ ID NO:1053); miR-4258 (SEQ ID NO:1054); miR-4259 (SEQ ID NO:1055); miR-4260 (SEQ ID NO:1056); miR-4261 (SEQ ID NO:1057); miR-4262 (SEQ ID NO:1058); miR-4263 (SEQ ID NO:1059); miR-4264 (SEQ ID NO:1060); miR-4265 (SEQ ID NO:1061); miR-4266 (SEQ ID NO:1062); miR-4267 (SEQ ID NO:1063); miR-4268 (SEQ ID NO:1064); miR-4269 (SEQ ID NO:1065); miR-4270 (SEQ ID NO:1066); miR-4271 (SEQ ID NO:1067); miR-4272 (SEQ ID NO:1068); miR-4273 (SEQ ID NO:1069); miR-4274 (SEQ ID NO:1070); miR-4275 (SEQ ID NO:1071); miR-4276 (SEQ ID NO:1072); miR-4277 (SEQ ID NO:1073); miR-4278 (SEQ ID NO:1074); miR-4279 (SEQ ID NO:1075); miR-4280 (SEQ ID NO:1076); miR-4281 (SEQ ID NO:1077); miR-4282 (SEQ ID NO:1078); miR-4283-2 (SEQ ID NO:1080); miR-4283-1 (SEQ ID NO:1079); miR-4284 (SEQ ID NO:1081); miR-4285 (SEQ ID NO:1082); miR-4286 (SEQ ID NO:1083); miR-4287 (SEQ ID NO:1084); miR-4288 (SEQ ID NO:1085); miR-4289 (SEQ ID NO:1086); miR-4290 (SEQ ID NO:1087); miR-4291 (SEQ ID NO:1088); miR-4292 (SEQ ID NO:1089); miR-4293 (SEQ ID NO:1090); miR-4294 (SEQ ID NO:1091); miR-4295 (SEQ ID NO:1092); miR-4296 (SEQ ID NO:1093); miR-4297 (SEQ ID NO:1094); miR-4298 (SEQ ID NO:1095); miR-4299 (SEQ ID NO:1096); miR-4300 (SEQ ID NO:1097); miR-4301 (SEQ ID NO:1098); miR-4302 (SEQ ID NO:1099); miR-4303 (SEQ ID NO:1100); miR-4304 (SEQ ID NO:1101); miR-4305 (SEQ ID NO:1102); miR-4306 (SEQ ID NO:1103); miR-4307 (SEQ ID NO:1104); miR-4308 (SEQ ID NO:1105); miR-4309 (SEQ ID NO:1106); miR-4310 (SEQ ID NO:1107); miR-4311 (SEQ ID NO:1108); miR-4312 (SEQ ID NO:1109); miR-4313 (SEQ ID NO:1110); miR-4314 (SEQ ID NO:1111); miR-4315-2 (SEQ ID NO:1113); miR-4315-1 (SEQ ID NO:1112); miR-4316 (SEQ ID NO:1114); miR-4317 (SEQ ID NO:1115); miR-4318 (SEQ ID NO:1116); miR-4319 (SEQ ID NO:1117); miR-4320 (SEQ ID NO:1118); miR-4321 (SEQ ID NO:1119); miR-4322 (SEQ ID NO:1120); miR-4323 (SEQ ID NO:1121); miR-4324 (SEQ ID NO:1122); miR-4325 (SEQ ID NO:1123); miR-4326 (SEQ ID NO:1124); miR-4327 (SEQ ID NO:1125); miR-4328 (SEQ ID NO:1126); miR-4329 (SEQ ID NO:1127); miR-4330 (SEQ ID NO:1128); miR-4417 (SEQ ID NO:1129); miR-4418 (SEQ ID NO:1130); miR-4419a (SEQ ID NO:1131); miR-4419b (SEQ ID NO:1132); miR-4420 (SEQ ID NO:1133); miR-4421 (SEQ ID NO:1134); miR-4422 (SEQ ID NO:1135); miR-4423 (SEQ ID NO:1136); miR-4424 (SEQ ID NO:1137); miR-4425 (SEQ ID NO:1138); miR-4426 (SEQ ID NO:1139); miR-4427 (SEQ ID NO:1140); miR-4428 (SEQ ID NO:1141); miR-4429 (SEQ ID NO:1142); miR-4430 (SEQ ID NO:1143); miR-4431 (SEQ ID NO:1144); miR-4432 (SEQ ID NO:1145); miR-4433b (SEQ ID NO:1147); miR-4433 (SEQ ID NO:1146); miR-4434 (SEQ ID NO:1148); miR-4435-2 (SEQ ID NO:1150); miR-4435-1 (SEQ ID NO:1149); miR-4436a (SEQ ID NO:1151); miR-4436b-1 (SEQ ID NO:1152); miR-4436b-2 (SEQ ID NO:1153); miR-4437 (SEQ ID NO:1154); miR-4438 (SEQ ID NO:1155); miR-4439 (SEQ ID NO:1156); miR-4440 (SEQ ID NO:1157); miR-4441 (SEQ ID NO:1158); miR-4442 (SEQ ID NO:1159); miR-4443 (SEQ ID NO:1160); miR-4444-2 (SEQ ID NO:1162); miR-4444-1 (SEQ ID NO:1161); miR-4445 (SEQ ID NO:1163); miR-4446 (SEQ ID NO:1164); miR-4447 (SEQ ID NO:1165); miR-4448 (SEQ ID NO:1166); miR-4449 (SEQ ID NO:1167); miR-4450 (SEQ ID NO:1168); miR-4451 (SEQ ID NO:1169); miR-4452 (SEQ ID NO:1170); miR-4453 (SEQ ID NO:1171); miR-4454 (SEQ ID NO:1172); miR-4455 (SEQ ID NO:1173); miR-4456 (SEQ ID NO:1174); miR-4457 (SEQ ID NO:1175); miR-4458 (SEQ ID NO:1176); miR-4459 (SEQ ID NO:1177); miR-4460 (SEQ ID NO:1178); miR-4461 (SEQ ID NO:1179); miR-4462 (SEQ ID NO:1180); miR-4463 (SEQ ID NO:1181); miR-4464 (SEQ ID NO:1182); miR-4465 (SEQ ID NO:1183); miR-4466 (SEQ ID NO:1184); miR-4467 (SEQ ID NO:1185); miR-4468 (SEQ ID NO:1186); miR-4469 (SEQ ID NO:1187); miR-4470 (SEQ ID NO:1188); miR-4471 (SEQ ID NO:1189); miR-4472-2 (SEQ ID NO:1191); miR-4472-1 (SEQ ID NO:1190); miR-4473 (SEQ ID NO:1192); miR-4474 (SEQ ID NO:1193); miR-4475 (SEQ ID NO:1194); miR-4476 (SEQ ID NO:1195); miR-4477a (SEQ ID NO:1196); miR-4477b (SEQ ID NO:1197); miR-4478 (SEQ ID NO:1198); miR-4479 (SEQ ID NO:1199); miR-4480 (SEQ ID NO:1200); miR-4481 (SEQ ID NO:1201); miR-4482 (SEQ ID NO:1202); miR-4483 (SEQ ID NO:1203); miR-4484 (SEQ ID NO:1204); miR-4485 (SEQ ID NO:1205); miR-4486 (SEQ ID NO:1206); miR-4487 (SEQ ID NO:1207); miR-4488 (SEQ ID NO:1208); miR-4489 (SEQ ID NO:1209); miR-4490 (SEQ ID NO:1210); miR-4491 (SEQ ID NO:1211); miR-4492 (SEQ ID NO:1212); miR-4493 (SEQ ID NO:1213); miR-4494 (SEQ ID NO:1214); miR-4495 (SEQ ID NO:1215); miR-4496 (SEQ ID NO:1216); miR-4497 (SEQ ID NO:1217); miR-4498 (SEQ ID NO:1218); miR-4499 (SEQ ID NO:1219); miR-4500 (SEQ ID NO:1220); miR-4501 (SEQ ID NO:1221); miR-4502 (SEQ ID NO:1222); miR-4503 (SEQ ID NO:1223); miR-4504 (SEQ ID NO:1224); miR-4505 (SEQ ID NO:1225); miR-4506 (SEQ ID NO:1226); miR-4507 (SEQ ID NO:1227); miR-4508 (SEQ ID NO:1228); miR-4509-3 (SEQ ID NO:1231); miR-4509-2 (SEQ ID NO:1230); miR-4509-1 (SEQ ID NO:1229); miR-4510 (SEQ ID NO:1232); miR-4511 (SEQ ID NO:1233); miR-4512 (SEQ ID NO:1234); miR-4513 (SEQ ID NO:1235); miR-4514 (SEQ ID NO:1236); miR-4515 (SEQ ID NO:1237); miR-4516 (SEQ ID NO:1238); miR-4517 (SEQ ID NO:1239); miR-4518 (SEQ ID NO:1240); miR-4519 (SEQ ID NO:1241); miR-4520a (SEQ ID NO:1242); miR-4520b (SEQ ID NO:1243); miR-4521 (SEQ ID NO:1244); miR-4522 (SEQ ID NO:1245); miR-4523 (SEQ ID NO:1246); miR-4524a (SEQ ID NO:1247); miR-4524b (SEQ ID NO:1248); miR-4525 (SEQ ID NO:1249); miR-4526 (SEQ ID NO:1250); miR-4527 (SEQ ID NO:1251); miR-4528 (SEQ ID NO:1252); miR-4529 (SEQ ID NO:1253); miR-4530 (SEQ ID NO:1254); miR-4531 (SEQ ID NO:1255); miR-4532 (SEQ ID NO:1256); miR-4533 (SEQ ID NO:1257); miR-4534 (SEQ ID NO:1258); miR-4535 (SEQ ID NO:1259); miR-4536-2 (SEQ ID NO:1261); miR-4536-1 (SEQ ID NO:1260); miR-4537 (SEQ ID NO:1262); miR-4538 (SEQ ID NO:1263); miR-4539 (SEQ ID NO:1264); miR-4540 (SEQ ID NO:1265); miR-4632 (SEQ ID NO:1266); miR-4633 (SEQ ID NO:1267); miR-4634 (SEQ ID NO:1268); miR-4635 (SEQ ID NO:1269); miR-4636 (SEQ ID NO:1270); miR-4637 (SEQ ID NO:1271); miR-4638 (SEQ ID NO:1272); miR-4639 (SEQ ID NO:1273); miR-4640 (SEQ ID NO:1274); miR-4641 (SEQ ID NO:1275); miR-4642 (SEQ ID NO:1276); miR-4643 (SEQ ID NO:1277); miR-4644 (SEQ ID NO:1278); miR-4645 (SEQ ID NO:1279); miR-4646 (SEQ ID NO:1280); miR-4647 (SEQ ID NO:1281); miR-4648 (SEQ ID NO:1282); miR-4649 (SEQ ID NO:1283); miR-4650-2 (SEQ ID NO:1285); miR-4650-1 (SEQ ID NO:1284); miR-4651 (SEQ ID NO:1286); miR-4652 (SEQ ID NO:1287); miR-4653 (SEQ ID NO:1288); miR-4654 (SEQ ID NO:1289); miR-4655 (SEQ ID NO:1290); miR-4656 (SEQ ID NO:1291); miR-4657 (SEQ ID NO:1292); miR-4658 (SEQ ID NO:1293); miR-4659a (SEQ ID NO:1294); miR-4659b (SEQ ID NO:1295); miR-4660 (SEQ ID NO:1296); miR-4661 (SEQ ID NO:1297); miR-4662a (SEQ ID NO:1298); miR-4662b (SEQ ID NO:1299); miR-4663 (SEQ ID NO:1300); miR-4664 (SEQ ID NO:1301); miR-4665 (SEQ ID NO:1302); miR-4666a (SEQ ID NO:1303); miR-4666b (SEQ ID NO:1304); miR-4667 (SEQ ID NO:1305); miR-4668 (SEQ ID NO:1306); miR-4669 (SEQ ID NO:1307); miR-4670 (SEQ ID NO:1308); miR-4671 (SEQ ID NO:1309); miR-4672 (SEQ ID NO:1310); miR-4673 (SEQ ID NO:1311); miR-4674 (SEQ ID NO:1312); miR-4675 (SEQ ID NO:1313); miR-4676 (SEQ ID NO:1314); miR-4677 (SEQ ID NO:1315); miR-4678 (SEQ ID NO:1316); miR-4679-2 (SEQ ID NO:1318); miR-4679-1 (SEQ ID NO:1317); miR-4680 (SEQ ID NO:1319); miR-4681 (SEQ ID NO:1320); miR-4682 (SEQ ID NO:1321); miR-4683 (SEQ ID NO:1322); miR-4684 (SEQ ID NO:1323); miR-4685 (SEQ ID NO:1324); miR-4686 (SEQ ID NO:1325); miR-4687 (SEQ ID NO:1326); miR-4688 (SEQ ID NO:1327); miR-4689 (SEQ ID NO:1328); miR-4690 (SEQ ID NO:1329); miR-4691 (SEQ ID NO:1330); miR-4692 (SEQ ID NO:1331); miR-4693 (SEQ ID NO:1332); miR-4694 (SEQ ID NO:1333); miR-4695 (SEQ ID NO:1334); miR-4696

(SEQ ID NO:1335); miR-4697 (SEQ ID NO:1336); miR-4698 (SEQ ID NO:1337); miR-4699 (SEQ ID NO:1338); miR-4700 (SEQ ID NO:1339); miR-4701 (SEQ ID NO:1340); miR-4703 (SEQ ID NO:1341); miR-4704 (SEQ ID NO:1342); miR-4705 (SEQ ID NO:1343); miR-4706 (SEQ ID NO:1344); miR-4707 (SEQ ID NO:1345); miR-4708 (SEQ ID NO:1346); miR-4709 (SEQ ID NO:1347); miR-4710 (SEQ ID NO:1348); miR-4711 (SEQ ID NO:1349); miR-4712 (SEQ ID NO:1350); miR-4713 (SEQ ID NO:1351); miR-4714 (SEQ ID NO:1352); miR-4715 (SEQ ID NO:1353); miR-4716 (SEQ ID NO:1354); miR-4717 (SEQ ID NO:1355); miR-4718 (SEQ ID NO:1356); miR-4719 (SEQ ID NO:1357); miR-4720 (SEQ ID NO:1358); miR-4721 (SEQ ID NO:1359); miR-4722 (SEQ ID NO:1360); miR-4723 (SEQ ID NO:1361); miR-4724 (SEQ ID NO:1362); miR-4725 (SEQ ID NO:1363); miR-4726 (SEQ ID NO:1364); miR-4727 (SEQ ID NO:1365); miR-4728 (SEQ ID NO:1366); miR-4729 (SEQ ID NO:1367); miR-4730 (SEQ ID NO:1368); miR-4731 (SEQ ID NO:1369); miR-4732 (SEQ ID NO:1370); miR-4733 (SEQ ID NO:1371); miR-4734 (SEQ ID NO:1372); miR-4735 (SEQ ID NO:1373); miR-4736 (SEQ ID NO:1374); miR-4737 (SEQ ID NO:1375); miR-4738 (SEQ ID NO:1376); miR-4739 (SEQ ID NO:1377); miR-4740 (SEQ ID NO:1378); miR-4741 (SEQ ID NO:1379); miR-4742 (SEQ ID NO:1380); miR-4743 (SEQ ID NO:1381); miR-4744 (SEQ ID NO:1382); miR-4745 (SEQ ID NO:1383); miR-4746 (SEQ ID NO:1384); miR-4747 (SEQ ID NO:1385); miR-4748 (SEQ ID NO:1386); miR-4749 (SEQ ID NO:1387); miR-4750 (SEQ ID NO:1388); miR-4751 (SEQ ID NO:1389); miR-4752 (SEQ ID NO:1390); miR-4753 (SEQ ID NO:1391); miR-4754 (SEQ ID NO:1392); miR-4755 (SEQ ID NO:1393); miR-4756 (SEQ ID NO:1394); miR-4757 (SEQ ID NO:1395); miR-4758 (SEQ ID NO:1396); miR-4759 (SEQ ID NO:1397); miR-4760 (SEQ ID NO:1398); miR-4761 (SEQ ID NO:1399); miR-4762 (SEQ ID NO:1400); miR-4763 (SEQ ID NO:1401); miR-4764 (SEQ ID NO:1402); miR-4765 (SEQ ID NO:1403); miR-4766 (SEQ ID NO:1404); miR-4767 (SEQ ID NO:1405); miR-4768 (SEQ ID NO:1406); miR-4769 (SEQ ID NO:1407); miR-4770 (SEQ ID NO:1408); miR-4771-2 (SEQ ID NO:1410); miR-4771-1 (SEQ ID NO:1409); miR-4772 (SEQ ID NO:1411); miR-4773-2 (SEQ ID NO:1413); miR-4773-1 (SEQ ID NO:1412); miR-4774 (SEQ ID NO:1414); miR-4775 (SEQ ID NO:1415); miR-4776-2 (SEQ ID NO:1417); miR-4776-1 (SEQ ID NO:1416); miR-4777 (SEQ ID NO:1418); miR-4778 (SEQ ID NO:1419); miR-4779 (SEQ ID NO:1420); miR-4780 (SEQ ID NO:1421); miR-4781 (SEQ ID NO:1422); miR-4782 (SEQ ID NO:1423); miR-4783 (SEQ ID NO:1424); miR-4784 (SEQ ID NO:1425); miR-4785 (SEQ ID NO:1426); miR-4786 (SEQ ID NO:1427); miR-4787 (SEQ ID NO:1428); miR-4788 (SEQ ID NO:1429); miR-4789 (SEQ ID NO:1430); miR-4790 (SEQ ID NO:1431); miR-4791 (SEQ ID NO:1432); miR-4792 (SEQ ID NO:1433); miR-4793 (SEQ ID NO:1434); miR-4794 (SEQ ID NO:1435); miR-4795 (SEQ ID NO:1436); miR-4796 (SEQ ID NO:1437); miR-4797 (SEQ ID NO:1438); miR-4798 (SEQ ID NO:1439); miR-4799 (SEQ ID NO:1440); miR-4800 (SEQ ID NO:1441); miR-4801 (SEQ ID NO:1442); miR-4802 (SEQ ID NO:1443); miR-4803 (SEQ ID NO:1444); miR-4804 (SEQ ID NO:1445); miR-4999 (SEQ ID NO:1446); miR-5000 (SEQ ID NO:1447); miR-5001 (SEQ ID NO:1448); miR-5002 (SEQ ID NO:1449); miR-5003 (SEQ ID NO:1450); miR-5004 (SEQ ID NO:1451); miR-5006 (SEQ ID NO:1452); miR-5007 (SEQ ID NO:1453); miR-5008 (SEQ ID NO:1454); miR-5009 (SEQ ID NO:1455); miR-5010 (SEQ ID NO:1456); miR-5011 (SEQ ID NO:1457); miR-5047 (SEQ ID NO:1458); miR-5087 (SEQ ID NO:1459); miR-5088 (SEQ ID NO:1460); miR-5089 (SEQ ID NO:1461); miR-5090 (SEQ ID NO:1462); miR-5091 (SEQ ID NO:1463); miR-5092 (SEQ ID NO:1464); miR-5093 (SEQ ID NO:1465); miR-5094 (SEQ ID NO:1466); miR-5095 (SEQ ID NO:1467); miR-5096 (SEQ ID NO:1468); miR-5100 (SEQ ID NO:1469); miR-5186 (SEQ ID NO:1470); miR-5187 (SEQ ID NO:1471); miR-5188 (SEQ ID NO:1472); miR-5189 (SEQ ID NO:1473); miR-5190 (SEQ ID NO:1474); miR-5191 (SEQ ID NO:1475); miR-5192 (SEQ ID NO:1476); miR-5193 (SEQ ID NO:1477); miR-5194 (SEQ ID NO:1478); miR-5195 (SEQ ID NO:1479); miR-5196 (SEQ ID NO:1480); miR-5197 (SEQ ID NO:1481); miR-5571 (SEQ ID NO:1482); miR-5572 (SEQ ID NO:1483); miR-5579 (SEQ ID NO:1484); miR-5580 (SEQ ID NO:1485); miR-5581 (SEQ ID NO:1486); miR-5582 (SEQ ID NO:1487); miR-5583-2 (SEQ ID NO:1489); miR-5583-1 (SEQ ID NO:1488); miR-5584 (SEQ ID NO:1490); miR-5585 (SEQ ID NO:1491); miR-5586 (SEQ ID NO:1492); miR-5587 (SEQ ID NO:1493); miR-5588 (SEQ ID NO:1494); miR-5589 (SEQ ID NO:1495); miR-5590 (SEQ ID NO:1496); miR-5591 (SEQ ID NO:1497); miR-5680 (SEQ ID NO:1498); miR-5681a (SEQ ID NO:1499); miR-5681b (SEQ ID NO:1500); miR-5682 (SEQ ID NO:1501); miR-5683 (SEQ ID NO:1502); miR-5684 (SEQ ID NO:1503); miR-5685 (SEQ ID NO:1504); miR-5687 (SEQ ID NO:1505); miR-5688 (SEQ ID NO:1506); miR-5689 (SEQ ID NO:1507); miR-5690 (SEQ ID NO:1508); miR-5691 (SEQ ID NO:1509); miR-5692a-1 (SEQ ID NO:1510); miR-5692a-2 (SEQ ID NO:1511); miR-5692b (SEQ ID NO:1512); miR-5692c-1 (SEQ ID NO:1513); miR-5692c-2 (SEQ ID NO:1514); miR-5693 (SEQ ID NO:1515); miR-5694 (SEQ ID NO:1516); miR-5695 (SEQ ID NO:1517); miR-5696 (SEQ ID NO:1518); miR-5697 (SEQ ID NO:1519); miR-5698 (SEQ ID NO:1520); miR-5699 (SEQ ID NO:1521); miR-5700 (SEQ ID NO:1522); miR-5701-2 (SEQ ID NO:1524); miR-5701-1 (SEQ ID NO:1523); miR-5702 (SEQ ID NO:1525); miR-5703 (SEQ ID NO:1526); miR-5704 (SEQ ID NO:1527); miR-5705 (SEQ ID NO:1528); miR-5706 (SEQ ID NO:1529); miR-5707 (SEQ ID NO:1530); miR-5708 (SEQ ID NO:1531); miR-5739 (SEQ ID NO:1532); miR-5787 (SEQ ID NO:1533); miR-6068 (SEQ ID NO:1534); miR-6069 (SEQ ID NO:1535); miR-6070 (SEQ ID NO:1536); miR-6071 (SEQ ID NO:1537); miR-6072 (SEQ ID NO:1538); miR-6073 (SEQ ID NO:1539); miR-6074 (SEQ ID NO:1540); miR-6075 (SEQ ID NO:1541); miR-6076 (SEQ ID NO:1542); miR-6077-2 (SEQ ID NO:1544); miR-6077-1 (SEQ ID NO:1543); miR-6078 (SEQ ID NO:1545); miR-6079 (SEQ ID NO:1546); miR-6080 (SEQ ID NO:1547); miR-6081 (SEQ ID NO:1548); miR-6082 (SEQ ID NO:1549); miR-6083 (SEQ ID NO:1550); miR-6084 (SEQ ID NO:1551); miR-6085 (SEQ ID NO:1552); miR-6086 (SEQ ID NO:1553); miR-6087 (SEQ ID NO:1554); miR-6088 (SEQ ID NO:1555); miR-6089-2 (SEQ ID NO:1557); miR-6089-1 (SEQ ID NO:1556); miR-6090 (SEQ ID NO:1558); miR-6124 (SEQ ID NO:1559); miR-6125 (SEQ ID NO:1560); miR-6126 (SEQ ID NO:1561); miR-6127 (SEQ ID NO:1562); miR-6128 (SEQ ID NO:1563); miR-6129 (SEQ ID NO:1564); miR-6130 (SEQ ID NO:1565); miR-6131 (SEQ ID NO:1566); miR-6132 (SEQ ID NO:1567); miR-6133 (SEQ ID NO:1568); miR-6134 (SEQ ID NO:1569); miR-6165 (SEQ ID NO:1570); miR-6499 (SEQ ID NO:1571); miR-6500 (SEQ ID NO:1572); miR-6501 (SEQ ID NO:1573); miR-6502 (SEQ ID NO:1574); miR-6503 (SEQ ID NO:1575); miR-6504 (SEQ ID NO:1576); miR-6505 (SEQ ID NO:1577); miR-6506 (SEQ ID NO:1578); miR-6507 (SEQ ID NO:1579); miR-6508 (SEQ ID NO:1580); miR-6509 (SEQ ID NO:1581); miR-6510 (SEQ ID NO:1582); miR-6511a-1 (SEQ ID NO:1583); miR-6511a-2 (SEQ ID NO:1584); miR-6511a-3 (SEQ ID NO:1585); miR-6511a-4 (SEQ ID NO:1586); miR-6511b-1 (SEQ ID NO:1587); miR-6511b-2 (SEQ ID NO:1588); miR-6512 (SEQ ID NO:1589); miR-6513 (SEQ ID NO:1590); miR-6514 (SEQ ID NO:1591); miR-6515 (SEQ ID NO:1592); miR-6516 (SEQ ID NO:1593); miR-6715a (SEQ ID NO:1594); miR-6715b (SEQ ID NO:1595); miR-6716 (SEQ ID NO:1596); miR-6717 (SEQ ID NO:1597); miR-6718 (SEQ ID NO:1598); miR-6719 (SEQ ID NO:1599); miR-6720 (SEQ ID NO:1600); miR-6721 (SEQ ID NO:1601); miR-6722 (SEQ ID NO:1602); miR-6723 (SEQ ID NO:1603); miR-6724 (SEQ ID NO:1604); miR-6726 (SEQ ID NO:1605); miR-6727 (SEQ ID NO:1606); miR-6728 (SEQ ID NO:1607); miR-6729 (SEQ ID NO:1608); miR-6730 (SEQ ID NO:1609); miR-6731 (SEQ ID NO:1610); miR-6732 (SEQ ID NO:1611); miR-6733 (SEQ ID NO:1612); miR-6734 (SEQ ID NO:1613); miR-6735 (SEQ ID NO:1614); miR-6736 (SEQ ID NO:1615); miR-6737 (SEQ ID NO:1616); miR-6738 (SEQ ID NO:1617); miR-6739 (SEQ ID NO:1618); miR-6740 (SEQ ID NO:1619); miR-6741 (SEQ ID NO:1620); miR-6742 (SEQ ID NO:1621); miR-6743 (SEQ ID NO:1622); miR-6744 (SEQ ID NO:1623); miR-6745 (SEQ ID NO:1624); miR-6746 (SEQ ID NO:1625); miR-6747 (SEQ ID NO:1626); miR-6748 (SEQ ID NO:1627); miR-6749 (SEQ ID NO:1628); miR-6750 (SEQ ID NO:1629); miR-6751 (SEQ ID NO:1630); miR-6752 (SEQ ID NO:1631); miR-6753 (SEQ ID NO:1632); miR-6754 (SEQ ID NO:1633); miR-6755 (SEQ ID NO:1634); miR-6756 (SEQ ID NO:1635); miR-6757 (SEQ ID NO:1636); miR-6758 (SEQ ID NO:1637); miR-6759 (SEQ ID NO:1638); miR-6760 (SEQ ID NO:1639); miR-6761 (SEQ ID NO:1640); miR-6762 (SEQ ID NO:1641); miR-6763 (SEQ ID NO:1642); miR-6764 (SEQ ID NO:1643); miR-6765 (SEQ ID NO:1644); miR-6766 (SEQ ID NO:1645); miR-6767 (SEQ ID NO:1646); miR-6768 (SEQ ID NO:1647); miR-6769a (SEQ ID NO:1648); miR-6769b (SEQ ID NO:1649); miR-6770-3 (SEQ ID NO:1652); miR-6770-2 (SEQ ID NO:1651); miR-6770-1 (SEQ ID NO:1650); miR-6771 (SEQ ID NO:1653); miR-6772 (SEQ ID NO:1654); miR-6773 (SEQ ID NO:1655); miR-6774 (SEQ ID NO:1656); miR-6775 (SEQ ID NO:1657); miR-6776 (SEQ ID NO:1658); miR-6777 (SEQ ID NO:1659); miR-6778 (SEQ ID NO:1660); miR-6779 (SEQ ID NO:1661); miR-6780a (SEQ ID NO:1662); miR-6780b (SEQ ID NO:1663); miR-6781 (SEQ ID NO:1664); miR-6782 (SEQ ID NO:1665); miR-6783 (SEQ ID NO:1666); miR-6784 (SEQ ID NO:1667); miR-6785 (SEQ ID NO:1668); miR-6786 (SEQ ID NO:1669); miR-6787 (SEQ ID NO:1670); miR-6788 (SEQ ID NO:1671); miR-6789 (SEQ ID NO:1672); miR-6790 (SEQ ID NO:1673); miR-6791 (SEQ ID NO:1674); miR-6792 (SEQ ID NO:1675); miR-6793 (SEQ ID NO:1676); miR-6794 (SEQ ID NO:1677); miR-6795 (SEQ ID NO:1678); miR-6796 (SEQ ID NO:1679); miR-6797 (SEQ ID NO:1680); miR-6798 (SEQ ID NO:1681); miR-6799 (SEQ ID NO:1682); miR-6800 (SEQ ID NO:1683); miR-6801 (SEQ ID NO:1684); miR-6802 (SEQ ID NO:1685); miR-6803 (SEQ ID NO:1686); miR-6804 (SEQ ID NO:1687); miR-6805 (SEQ ID NO:1688); miR-6806 (SEQ ID NO:1689); miR-6807 (SEQ ID NO:1690); miR-6808 (SEQ ID NO:1691); miR-6809 (SEQ ID NO:1692); miR-6810 (SEQ ID NO:1693); miR-6811 (SEQ ID NO:1694); miR-6812 (SEQ ID NO:1695); miR-6813 (SEQ ID NO:1696); miR-6814 (SEQ ID NO:1697); miR-6815 (SEQ ID NO:1698); miR-6816 (SEQ ID NO:1699); miR-6817 (SEQ ID NO:1700); miR-6818 (SEQ ID NO:1701); miR-6819 (SEQ ID NO:1702); miR-6820 (SEQ ID NO:1703); miR-6821 (SEQ ID NO:1704); miR-6822 (SEQ ID NO:1705); miR-6823 (SEQ ID NO:1706); miR-6824 (SEQ ID NO:1707); miR-6825 (SEQ ID NO:1708); miR-6826 (SEQ ID NO:1709); miR-6827 (SEQ ID NO:1710); miR-6828 (SEQ ID NO:1711); miR-6829 (SEQ ID NO:1712); miR-6830 (SEQ ID NO:1713); miR-6831 (SEQ ID NO:1714); miR-6832 (SEQ ID NO:1715); miR-6833 (SEQ ID NO:1716); miR-6834 (SEQ ID NO:1717); miR-6835 (SEQ ID NO:1718); miR-6836 (SEQ ID NO:1719); miR-6837 (SEQ ID NO:1720); miR-6838 (SEQ ID NO:1721); miR-6839 (SEQ ID NO:1722); miR-6840 (SEQ ID NO:1723); miR-6841 (SEQ ID NO:1724); miR-6842 (SEQ ID NO:1725); miR-6843 (SEQ ID NO:1726); miR-6844 (SEQ ID NO:1727); miR-6845 (SEQ ID NO:1728); miR-6846 (SEQ ID NO:1729); miR-6847 (SEQ ID NO:1730); miR-6848 (SEQ ID NO:1731); miR-6849 (SEQ ID NO:1732); miR-6850 (SEQ ID NO:1733); miR-6851 (SEQ ID NO:1734); miR-6852 (SEQ ID NO:1735); miR-6853 (SEQ ID NO:1736); miR-6854 (SEQ ID NO:1737); miR-6855 (SEQ ID NO:1738); miR-6856 (SEQ ID NO:1739); miR-6857 (SEQ ID NO:1740); miR-6858 (SEQ ID NO:1741); miR-6859-3 (SEQ ID NO:1744); miR-6859-2 (SEQ ID NO:1743); miR-6859-1 (SEQ ID NO:1742); miR-6860 (SEQ ID NO:1745); miR-6861 (SEQ ID NO:1746); miR-6862-2 (SEQ ID NO:1748); miR-6862-1 (SEQ ID NO:1747); miR-6863 (SEQ ID NO:1749); miR-6864 (SEQ ID NO:1750); miR-6865 (SEQ ID NO:1751); miR-6866 (SEQ ID NO:1752); miR-6867 (SEQ ID NO:1753); miR-6868 (SEQ ID NO:1754); miR-6869 (SEQ ID NO:1755); miR-6870 (SEQ ID NO:1756); miR-6871 (SEQ ID NO:1757); miR-6872 (SEQ ID NO:1758); miR-6873 (SEQ ID NO:1759); miR-6874 (SEQ ID NO:1760); miR-6875 (SEQ ID NO:1761); miR-6876 (SEQ ID NO:1762); miR-6877 (SEQ ID NO:1763); miR-6878 (SEQ ID NO:1764); miR-6879 (SEQ ID NO:1765); miR-6880 (SEQ ID NO:1766); miR-6881 (SEQ ID NO:1767); miR-6882 (SEQ ID NO:1768); miR-6883 (SEQ ID NO:1769); miR-6884 (SEQ ID NO:1770); miR-6885 (SEQ ID NO:1771); miR-6886 (SEQ ID NO:1772); miR-6887 (SEQ ID NO:1773); miR-6888 (SEQ ID NO:1774); miR-6889 (SEQ ID NO:1775); miR-6890 (SEQ ID NO:1776); miR-6891 (SEQ ID NO:1777); miR-6892 (SEQ ID NO:1778); miR-6893 (SEQ ID NO:1779); miR-6894 (SEQ ID NO:1780); miR-6895 (SEQ ID NO:1781); miR-7106 (SEQ ID NO:1782); miR-7107 (SEQ ID NO:1783); miR-7108 (SEQ ID NO:1784); miR-7109 (SEQ ID NO:1785); miR-7110 (SEQ ID NO:1786); miR-7111 (SEQ ID NO:1787); miR-7112-2 (SEQ ID NO:1789); miR-7112-1 (SEQ ID NO:1788); miR-7113 (SEQ ID NO:1790); miR-7114 (SEQ ID NO:1791); miR-7150 (SEQ ID NO:1792); miR-7151 (SEQ ID NO:1793); miR-7152 (SEQ ID NO:1794); miR-7153 (SEQ ID NO:1795); miR-7154 (SEQ ID NO:1796); miR-7155 (SEQ ID NO:1797); miR-7156 (SEQ ID NO:1798); miR-7157 (SEQ ID NO:1799); miR-7158 (SEQ ID NO:1800); miR-7159 (SEQ ID NO:1801); miR-7160 (SEQ ID NO:1802); miR-7161 (SEQ ID NO:1803); miR-7162 (SEQ ID NO:1804); miR-7515 (SEQ ID NO:1805); miR-7641-2 (SEQ ID NO:1807); miR-7641-1 (SEQ ID NO:1806); miR-7702 (SEQ ID NO:1808); miR-7703 (SEQ ID NO:1809); miR-7704 (SEQ ID NO:1810); miR-7705 (SEQ ID NO:1811); miR-7706 (SEQ ID NO:1812); miR-7843 (SEQ ID NO:1813); miR-7844 (SEQ ID NO:1814); miR-7845 (SEQ ID NO:1815); miR-7846 (SEQ ID NO:1816); miR-7847 (SEQ ID NO:1817); miR-7848 (SEQ ID NO:1818); miR-7849 (SEQ ID NO:1819); miR-7850 (SEQ ID NO:1820); miR-7851 (SEQ ID NO:1821); miR-7852 (SEQ ID NO:1822); miR-7853 (SEQ ID NO:1823); miR-7854 (SEQ ID NO:1824); miR-7855 (SEQ ID NO:1825); miR-7856 (SEQ ID NO:1826); miR-7973-2 (SEQ ID NO:1828); miR-7973-1 (SEQ ID NO:1827); miR-7974 (SEQ ID NO:1829); miR-7975 (SEQ ID NO:1830); miR-7976 (SEQ ID NO:1831); miR-7977 (SEQ ID NO:1832); miR-7978 (SEQ ID NO:1833); miR-8052 (SEQ ID NO:1834); miR-8053 (SEQ ID NO:1835); miR-8054 (SEQ ID NO:1836); miR-8055 (SEQ ID NO:1837); miR-8056 (SEQ ID NO:1838); miR-8057 (SEQ ID NO:1839); miR-8058 (SEQ ID NO:1840); miR-8059 (SEQ ID NO:1841); miR-8060 (SEQ ID NO:1842); miR-8061 (SEQ ID NO:1843); miR-8062 (SEQ ID NO:1844); miR-8063 (SEQ ID NO:1845); miR-8064 (SEQ ID NO:1846); miR-8065 (SEQ ID NO:1847); miR-8066 (SEQ ID NO:1848); miR-8067 (SEQ ID NO:1849); miR-8068 (SEQ ID NO:1850); miR-8069 (SEQ ID NO:1851); miR-8070 (SEQ ID NO:1852); miR-8071-2 (SEQ ID NO:1854); miR-8071-1 (SEQ ID NO:1853); miR-8072 (SEQ ID NO:1855); miR-8073 (SEQ ID NO:1856); miR-8074 (SEQ ID NO:1857); miR-8075 (SEQ ID NO:1858); miR-8076 (SEQ ID NO:1859); miR-8077 (SEQ ID NO:1860); miR-8078 (SEQ ID NO:1861); miR-8079 (SEQ ID NO:1862); miR-8080 (SEQ ID NO:1863); miR-8081 (SEQ ID NO:1864); miR-8082 (SEQ ID NO:1865); miR-8083 (SEQ ID NO:1866); miR-8084 (SEQ ID NO:1867); miR-8085 (SEQ ID NO:1868); miR-8086 (SEQ ID NO:1869); miR-8087 (SEQ ID NO:1870); miR-8088 (SEQ ID NO:1871); and miR-8089 (SEQ ID NO:1872).

[0065] The following dog miRNA could be used: let-7a-1 (SEQ ID NO:2744); let-7a-2 (SEQ ID NO:2745); let-7b (SEQ ID NO:2746); let-7c (SEQ ID NO:2747); let-7e (SEQ ID NO:2748); let-7f (SEQ ID NO:2749); let-7g (SEQ ID NO:2750); let-7j (SEQ ID NO:2751); miR-1-1 (SEQ ID NO:2752); miR-1-2 (SEQ ID NO:2753); miR-7-1 (SEQ ID NO:2754); miR-7-2 (SEQ ID NO:2755); miR-7-3 (SEQ ID NO:2756); miR-9-1 (SEQ ID NO:2757); miR-9-2 (SEQ ID NO:2758); miR-9-3 (SEQ ID NO:2759); miR-10a (SEQ ID NO:2760); miR-10b (SEQ ID NO:2761); miR-15a (SEQ ID NO:2762); miR-15b (SEQ ID NO:2763); miR-16-1 (SEQ ID NO:2764); miR-16-2 (SEQ ID NO:2765); miR-17 (SEQ ID NO:2766); miR-18a (SEQ ID NO:2767); miR-18b (SEQ ID NO:2768); miR-19a (SEQ ID NO:2769); miR-19b-1 (SEQ ID NO:2770); miR-19b-2 (SEQ ID NO:2771); miR-20a (SEQ ID NO:2772); miR-20b (SEQ ID NO:2773); miR-21 (SEQ ID NO:2774); miR-22 (SEQ ID NO:2775); miR-23a (SEQ ID NO:2776); miR-23b (SEQ ID NO:2777); miR-24-1 (SEQ ID NO:2778); miR-24-2 (SEQ ID NO:2779); miR-25 (SEQ ID NO:2780); miR-26a-1 (SEQ ID NO:2781); miR-26a-2 (SEQ ID NO:2782); miR-26b (SEQ ID NO:2783); miR-27a (SEQ ID NO:2784); miR-27b (SEQ ID NO:2785); miR-28 (SEQ ID NO:2786); miR-29a (SEQ ID NO:2787); miR-29b-1 (SEQ ID NO:2788); miR-29b-2 (SEQ ID NO:2789); miR-29c-1 (SEQ ID NO:2790); miR-29c-2 (SEQ ID NO:2791); miR-30a (SEQ ID NO:2792); miR-30b (SEQ ID NO:2793); miR-30c-1 (SEQ ID NO:2794); miR-30c-2 (SEQ ID NO:2795); miR-30d (SEQ ID NO:2796); miR-30e (SEQ ID NO:2797); miR-31 (SEQ ID NO:2798); miR-32 (SEQ ID NO:2799); miR-33a (SEQ ID NO:2800); miR-33b (SEQ ID NO:2801); miR-34a (SEQ ID NO:2802); miR-34b (SEQ ID NO:2803); miR-34c (SEQ ID NO:2804); miR-92a-1 (SEQ ID NO:2805); miR-92a-2 (SEQ ID NO:2806); miR-92b (SEQ ID NO:2807); miR-93 (SEQ ID NO:2808); miR-95 (SEQ ID NO:2809); miR-96 (SEQ ID NO:2810); miR-98 (SEQ ID NO:2811); miR-99a-1 (SEQ ID NO:2812); miR-99a-2 (SEQ ID NO:2813); miR-99b (SEQ ID NO:2814); miR-101-1 (SEQ ID NO:2815); miR-101-2 (SEQ ID NO:2816); miR-103-1 (SEQ ID NO:2817); miR-103-2 (SEQ ID NO:2818); miR-105a (SEQ ID NO:2819); miR-105b (SEQ ID NO:2820); miR-106a (SEQ ID NO:2821); miR-106b (SEQ ID NO:2822); miR-107 (SEQ ID NO:2823); miR-122 (SEQ ID NO:2824); miR-124-1 (SEQ ID NO:2825); miR-124-2 (SEQ ID NO:2826); miR-124-3 (SEQ ID NO:2827); miR-125a (SEQ ID NO:2828); miR-125b-1 (SEQ ID NO:2829); miR-125b-2 (SEQ ID NO:2830); miR-126 (SEQ ID NO:2831); miR-127 (SEQ ID NO:2832); miR-128-1 (SEQ ID NO:2833); miR-128-2 (SEQ ID NO:2834); miR-129-1 (SEQ ID NO:2835); miR-129-2 (SEQ ID NO:2836); miR-130a (SEQ ID NO:2837); miR-130b (SEQ ID NO:2838); miR-132 (SEQ ID NO:2839); miR-133a (SEQ ID NO:2840); miR-133b (SEQ ID NO:2841); miR-133c (SEQ ID NO:2842); miR-134 (SEQ ID NO:2843); miR-135a-1 (SEQ ID NO:2844); miR-135a-2 (SEQ ID NO:2845); miR-135b (SEQ ID NO:2846); miR-136 (SEQ ID NO:2847); miR-137 (SEQ ID NO:2848); miR-138a (SEQ ID NO:2849); miR-138b (SEQ ID NO:2850); miR-139 (SEQ ID NO:2851); miR-140 (SEQ ID NO:2852); miR-141 (SEQ ID NO:2853); miR-142 (SEQ ID NO:2854); miR-143 (SEQ ID NO:2855); miR-144 (SEQ ID NO:2856); miR-145 (SEQ ID NO:2857); miR-146a (SEQ ID NO:2858); miR-146b (SEQ ID NO:2859); miR-147 (SEQ ID NO:2860); miR-148a (SEQ ID NO:2861); miR-148b (SEQ ID NO:2862); miR-149 (SEQ ID NO:2863); miR-150 (SEQ ID NO:2864); miR-151 (SEQ ID NO:2865); miR-152 (SEQ ID NO:2866); miR-153 (SEQ ID NO:2867); miR-155 (SEQ ID NO:2868); miR-181a-1 (SEQ ID NO:2869); miR-181a-2 (SEQ ID NO:2870); miR-181b-1 (SEQ ID NO:2871); miR-181b-2 (SEQ ID NO:2872); miR-181c (SEQ ID NO:2873); miR-181d (SEQ ID NO:2874); miR-182 (SEQ ID NO:2875); miR-183 (SEQ ID NO:2876); miR-184 (SEQ ID NO:2877); miR-185 (SEQ ID NO:2878); miR-186 (SEQ ID NO:2879); miR-187 (SEQ ID NO:2880); miR-188 (SEQ ID NO:2881); miR-190a (SEQ ID NO:2882); miR-190b (SEQ ID NO:2883); miR-191 (SEQ ID NO:2884); miR-192 (SEQ ID NO:2885); miR-193a (SEQ ID NO:2886); miR-193b (SEQ ID NO:2887); miR-194 (SEQ ID NO:2888); miR-195 (SEQ ID NO:2889); miR-196a-1 (SEQ ID NO:2890); miR-196a-2 (SEQ ID NO:2891); miR-196b (SEQ ID NO:2892); miR-197 (SEQ ID NO:2893); miR-199-1 (SEQ ID NO:2894); miR-199-2 (SEQ ID NO:2895); miR-199-3 (SEQ ID NO:2896); miR-200a (SEQ ID NO:2897); miR-200b (SEQ ID NO:2898); miR-200c (SEQ ID NO:2899); miR-202 (SEQ ID NO:2900); miR-203 (SEQ ID NO:2901); miR-204 (SEQ ID NO:2902); miR-205 (SEQ ID NO:2903); miR-206 (SEQ ID NO:2904); miR-207 (SEQ ID NO:2905); miR-208a (SEQ ID NO:2906); miR-208b (SEQ ID NO:2907); miR-210 (SEQ ID NO:2908); miR-211 (SEQ ID NO:2909); miR-212 (SEQ ID NO:2910); miR-214 (SEQ ID NO:2911); miR-215 (SEQ ID NO:2912); miR-216a (SEQ ID NO:2913); miR-216b (SEQ ID NO:2914); miR-217 (SEQ ID NO:2915); miR-218-1 (SEQ ID NO:2916); miR-218-2 (SEQ ID NO:2917); miR-219-1 (SEQ ID NO:2918); miR-219-2 (SEQ ID NO:2919); miR-221 (SEQ ID NO:2920); miR-222 (SEQ ID NO:2921); miR-223 (SEQ ID NO:2922); miR-224 (SEQ ID NO:2923); miR-299 (SEQ ID NO:2924); miR-300 (SEQ ID NO:2925); miR-301a (SEQ ID NO:2926); miR-301b (SEQ ID NO:2927); miR-302a (SEQ ID NO:2928); miR-302b (SEQ ID NO:2929); miR-302c (SEQ ID NO:2930); miR-302d (SEQ ID NO:2931); miR-320 (SEQ ID NO:2932); miR-323 (SEQ ID NO:2933); miR-324 (SEQ ID NO:2934); miR-325 (SEQ ID NO:2935); miR-326 (SEQ ID NO:2936); miR-328 (SEQ ID NO:2937); miR-329a (SEQ ID NO:2938); miR-329b (SEQ ID NO:2939); miR-330 (SEQ ID NO:2940); miR-331 (SEQ ID NO:2941); miR-335 (SEQ ID NO:2942); miR-338 (SEQ ID NO:2943); miR-340 (SEQ ID NO:2944); miR-342 (SEQ ID NO:2945); miR-345 (SEQ ID NO:2946); miR-346 (SEQ ID NO:2947); miR-350 (SEQ ID NO:2948); miR-361 (SEQ ID NO:2949); miR-362 (SEQ ID NO:2950); miR-363 (SEQ ID NO:2951); miR-365-1 (SEQ ID NO:2952); miR-365-2 (SEQ ID NO:2953); miR-367 (SEQ ID NO:2954); miR-369 (SEQ ID NO:2955); miR-370 (SEQ ID NO:2956); miR-371 (SEQ ID NO:2957); miR-374a (SEQ ID NO:2958); miR-374b (SEQ ID NO:2959); miR-375 (SEQ ID NO:2960); miR-376a-1 (SEQ ID NO:2961); miR-376a-2 (SEQ ID NO:2962); miR-376a-3 (SEQ ID NO:2963); miR-376b (SEQ ID NO:2964); miR-376c (SEQ ID NO:2965); miR-377 (SEQ ID NO:2966); miR-378 (SEQ ID NO:2967); miR-379 (SEQ ID NO:2968); miR-380 (SEQ ID NO:2969); miR-381 (SEQ ID NO:2970); miR-382 (SEQ ID NO:2971); miR-383 (SEQ ID NO:2972); miR-384 (SEQ ID NO:2973); miR-409 (SEQ ID NO:2974); miR-410 (SEQ ID NO:2975); miR-411 (SEQ ID NO:2976); miR-421 (SEQ ID NO:2977); miR-423a (SEQ ID NO:2978); miR-424 (SEQ ID NO:2979); miR-425 (SEQ ID NO:2980); miR-429 (SEQ ID NO:2981); miR-432 (SEQ ID NO:2982); miR-433 (SEQ ID NO:2983); miR-448 (SEQ ID NO:2984); miR-449 (SEQ ID NO:2985); miR-450a (SEQ ID NO:2986); miR-450b (SEQ ID NO:2987); miR-451 (SEQ ID NO:2988); miR-452 (SEQ ID NO:2989); miR-454 (SEQ ID NO:2990); miR-455 (SEQ ID NO:2991); miR-483 (SEQ ID NO:2992); miR-485 (SEQ ID NO:2993); miR-487a (SEQ ID NO:2994); miR-487b (SEQ ID NO:2995); miR-488 (SEQ ID NO:2996); miR-489 (SEQ ID NO:2997); miR-490 (SEQ ID NO:2998); miR-491 (SEQ ID NO:2999); miR-493 (SEQ ID NO:3000); miR-494 (SEQ ID NO:3001); miR-495 (SEQ ID NO:3002); miR-496 (SEQ ID NO:3003); miR-497 (SEQ ID NO:3004); miR-499 (SEQ ID NO:3005); miR-500 (SEQ ID NO:3006); miR-502 (SEQ ID NO:3007); miR-503 (SEQ ID NO:3008); miR-504 (SEQ ID NO:3009); miR-505 (SEQ ID NO:3010); miR-514 (SEQ ID NO:3011); miR-532 (SEQ ID NO:3012); miR-539 (SEQ ID NO:3013); miR-542 (SEQ ID NO:3014); miR-543 (SEQ ID NO:3015); miR-544 (SEQ ID NO:3016); miR-545 (SEQ ID NO:3017); miR-551a (SEQ ID NO:3018); miR-551b (SEQ ID NO:3019); miR-568 (SEQ ID NO:3020); miR-574 (SEQ ID NO:3021); miR-578 (SEQ ID NO:3022); miR-582 (SEQ ID NO:3023); miR-589 (SEQ ID NO:3024); miR-590 (SEQ ID NO:3025); miR-592 (SEQ ID NO:3026); miR-599 (SEQ ID NO:3027); miR-615 (SEQ ID NO:3028); miR-628 (SEQ ID NO:3029); miR-631 (SEQ ID NO:3030); miR-632 (SEQ ID NO:3031); miR-652 (SEQ ID NO:3032); miR-653 (SEQ ID NO:3033); miR-660 (SEQ ID NO:3034); miR-664 (SEQ ID NO:3035); miR-665 (SEQ ID NO:3036); miR-671 (SEQ ID NO:3037); miR-676 (SEQ ID NO:3038); miR-708 (SEQ ID NO:3039); miR-718 (SEQ ID NO:3040); miR-758 (SEQ ID NO:3041); miR-759 (SEQ ID NO:3042); miR-761 (SEQ ID NO:3043); miR-764 (SEQ ID NO:3044); miR-802 (SEQ ID NO:3045); miR-872 (SEQ ID NO:3046); miR-874 (SEQ ID NO:3047); miR-875 (SEQ ID NO:3048); miR-876 (SEQ ID NO:3049); miR-885 (SEQ ID NO:3050); miR-1199 (SEQ ID NO:3051); miR-1271 (SEQ ID NO:3052); miR-1306 (SEQ ID NO:3053); miR-1307 (SEQ ID NO:3054); miR-1835 (SEQ ID NO:3055); miR-1836 (SEQ ID NO:3056); miR-1837-1 (SEQ ID NO:3057); miR-1837-2 (SEQ ID NO:3058); miR-1837-3 (SEQ ID NO:3059); miR-1837-4 (SEQ ID NO:3060); miR-1838 (SEQ ID NO:3061); miR-1839 (SEQ ID NO:3062); miR-1840 (SEQ ID NO:3063); miR-1841 (SEQ ID NO:3064); miR-1842 (SEQ ID NO:3065); miR-1843 (SEQ ID NO:3066); and miR-1844 (SEQ ID NO:3067).

[0066] The following horse miRNAs could be used: let-7a (SEQ ID NO:3068); let-7a-2 (SEQ ID NO:3069); let-7c (SEQ ID NO:3070); let-7d (SEQ ID NO:3071); let-7e (SEQ ID NO:3072); let-7f (SEQ ID NO:3073); let-7g (SEQ ID NO:3074); miR-1-1 (SEQ ID NO:3075); miR-1-2 (SEQ ID NO:3076); miR-7-1 (SEQ ID NO:3077); miR-7-2 (SEQ ID NO:3078); miR-7-3 (SEQ ID NO:3079); miR-9a (SEQ ID NO:3080); miR-9a-2 (SEQ ID NO:3081); miR-10a (SEQ ID NO:3082); miR-10b (SEQ ID NO:3083); miR-15a (SEQ ID NO:3084); miR-15b (SEQ ID NO:3085); miR-16-1 (SEQ ID NO:3086); miR-16-2 (SEQ ID NO:3087); miR-17 (SEQ ID NO:3088); miR-18a (SEQ ID NO:3089); miR-18b (SEQ ID NO:3090); miR-19a (SEQ ID NO:3091); miR-19b (SEQ ID NO:3092); miR-19b-2 (SEQ ID NO:3093); miR-20a (SEQ ID NO:3094); miR-20b (SEQ ID NO:3095); miR-21 (SEQ ID NO:3096); miR-22 (SEQ ID NO:3097); miR-23a (SEQ ID NO:3098); miR-23b (SEQ ID NO:3099); miR-24-1 (SEQ ID NO:3100); miR-24-2 (SEQ ID NO:3101); miR-25 (SEQ ID NO:3102); miR-26a (SEQ ID NO:3103); miR-26a-2 (SEQ ID NO:3104); miR-27a (SEQ ID NO:3105); miR-27b (SEQ ID NO:3106); miR-28 (SEQ ID NO:3107); miR-29a (SEQ ID NO:3108); miR-29b (SEQ ID NO:3109); miR-29b-2 (SEQ ID NO:3110); miR-29c (SEQ ID NO:3111); miR-29c-2 (SEQ ID NO:3112); miR-30b (SEQ ID NO:3113); miR-30c (SEQ ID NO:3114); miR-30c-2 (SEQ ID NO:3115); miR-30d (SEQ ID NO:3116); miR-30e (SEQ ID NO:3117); miR-31 (SEQ ID NO:3118); miR-32 (SEQ ID NO:3119); miR-33a (SEQ ID NO:3120); miR-33b (SEQ ID NO:3121); miR-34a (SEQ ID NO:3122); miR-34b (SEQ ID NO:3123); miR-34c (SEQ ID NO:3124); miR-92a (SEQ ID NO:3125); miR-92a-2 (SEQ ID NO:3126); miR-92b (SEQ ID NO:3127); miR-93 (SEQ ID NO:3128); miR-95 (SEQ ID NO:3129); miR-96 (SEQ ID NO:3130); miR-98 (SEQ ID NO:3131); miR-99a-2 (SEQ ID NO:3132); miR-99b (SEQ ID NO:3133); miR-100 (SEQ ID NO:3134); miR-101-1 (SEQ ID NO:3135); miR-101-2 (SEQ ID NO:3136); miR-103 (SEQ ID NO:3137); miR-105 (SEQ ID NO:3138); miR-106a (SEQ ID NO:3139); miR-106b (SEQ ID NO:3140); miR-107a (SEQ ID NO:3141); miR-107b (SEQ ID NO:3142); miR-122 (SEQ ID NO:3143); miR-124-1 (SEQ ID NO:3144); miR-124-2 (SEQ ID NO:3145); miR-125a (SEQ ID NO:3146); miR-125b (SEQ ID NO:3147); miR-125b-2 (SEQ ID NO:3148); miR-126 (SEQ ID NO:3149); miR-127 (SEQ ID NO:3150); miR-128-1 (SEQ ID NO:3151); miR-128-2 (SEQ ID NO:3152); miR-129a (SEQ ID NO:3153); miR-129b (SEQ ID NO:3154); miR-130a (SEQ ID NO:3155); miR-130b (SEQ ID NO:3156); miR-132 (SEQ ID NO:3157); miR-133a (SEQ ID NO:3158); miR-133a-2 (SEQ ID NO:3159); miR-133b (SEQ ID NO:3160); miR-134 (SEQ ID NO:3161); miR-135a (SEQ ID NO:3162); miR-135a-2 (SEQ ID NO:3163); miR-135b (SEQ ID NO:3164); miR-136 (SEQ ID NO:3165); miR-137 (SEQ ID NO:3166); miR-138-1 (SEQ ID NO:3167); miR-138-2 (SEQ ID NO:3168); miR-139 (SEQ ID NO:3169); miR-140 (SEQ ID NO:3170); miR-141 (SEQ ID NO:3171); miR-142 (SEQ ID NO:3172); miR-143 (SEQ ID NO:3173); miR-144 (SEQ ID NO:3174); miR-145 (SEQ ID NO:3175); miR-146a (SEQ ID NO:3176); miR-146b (SEQ ID NO:3177); miR-147b (SEQ ID NO:3178); miR-148a (SEQ ID NO:3179); miR-148b (SEQ ID NO:3180); miR-149 (SEQ ID NO:3181); miR-150 (SEQ ID NO:3182); miR-151 (SEQ ID NO:3183); miR-153-1 (SEQ ID NO:3184); miR-153-2 (SEQ ID NO:3185); miR-154 (SEQ ID NO:3186); miR-155 (SEQ ID NO:3187); miR-181a (SEQ ID NO:3188); miR-181a-2 (SEQ ID NO:3189); miR-181b (SEQ ID NO:3190); miR-182 (SEQ ID NO:3191); miR-183 (SEQ ID NO:3192); miR-184 (SEQ ID NO:3193); miR-186 (SEQ ID NO:3194); miR-187 (SEQ ID NO:3195); miR-188 (SEQ ID NO:3196); miR-190a (SEQ ID NO:3197); miR-190b (SEQ ID NO:3198); miR-191 (SEQ ID NO:3199); miR-192 (SEQ ID NO:3200); miR-193a (SEQ ID NO:3201); miR-193b (SEQ ID NO:3202); miR-194-1 (SEQ ID NO:3203); miR-194-2 (SEQ ID NO:3204); miR-195 (SEQ ID NO:3205); miR-196a (SEQ ID NO:3206); miR-196b (SEQ ID NO:3207); miR-197 (SEQ ID NO:3208); miR-199a (SEQ ID NO:3209); miR-199b (SEQ ID NO:3210); miR-200a (SEQ ID NO:3211); miR-200b (SEQ ID NO:3212); miR-200c (SEQ ID NO:3213); miR-204b-2 (SEQ ID NO:3214); miR-205 (SEQ ID NO:3215); miR-206-2 (SEQ ID NO:3216); miR-208a (SEQ ID NO:3217); miR-208b (SEQ ID NO:3218); miR-211 (SEQ ID NO:3219); miR-212 (SEQ ID NO:3220); miR-214 (SEQ ID NO:3221); miR-215 (SEQ ID NO:3222); miR-216a (SEQ ID NO:3223); miR-216b (SEQ ID NO:3224); miR-217 (SEQ ID NO:3225); miR-218-1 (SEQ ID NO:3226); miR-218-2 (SEQ ID NO:3227); miR-219-1 (SEQ ID NO:3228); miR-219-2 (SEQ ID NO:3229); miR-221 (SEQ ID NO:3230); miR-222 (SEQ ID NO:3231); miR-223 (SEQ ID NO:3232); miR-224 (SEQ ID NO:3233); miR-296 (SEQ ID NO:3234); miR-299 (SEQ ID NO:3235); miR-301a (SEQ ID NO:3236); miR-301b (SEQ ID NO:3237); miR-302a (SEQ ID NO:3238); miR-302b (SEQ ID NO:3239); miR-302c (SEQ ID NO:3240); miR-302d (SEQ ID NO:3241); miR-323 (SEQ ID NO:3242); miR-324 (SEQ ID NO:3243); miR-326 (SEQ ID NO:3244); miR-328 (SEQ ID NO:3245); miR-329 (SEQ ID NO:3246); miR-330 (SEQ ID NO:3247); miR-331 (SEQ ID NO:3248); miR-335 (SEQ ID NO:3249); miR-337 (SEQ ID NO:3250); miR-338 (SEQ ID NO:3251); miR-340 (SEQ ID NO:3252); miR-342 (SEQ ID NO:3253); miR-345 (SEQ ID NO:3254); miR-346 (SEQ ID NO:3255); miR-350 (SEQ ID NO:3256); miR-361 (SEQ ID NO:3257); miR-362 (SEQ ID NO:3258); miR-363 (SEQ ID NO:3259); miR-365-1 (SEQ ID NO:3260); miR-365-2 (SEQ ID NO:3261); miR-367 (SEQ ID NO:3262); miR-369 (SEQ ID NO:3263); miR-370 (SEQ ID NO:3264); miR-371 (SEQ ID NO:3265); miR-374a (SEQ ID NO:3266); miR-374b (SEQ ID NO:3267); miR-376a (SEQ ID NO:3268); miR-376b (SEQ ID NO:3269); miR-376c (SEQ ID NO:3270); miR-377 (SEQ ID NO:3271); miR-378 (SEQ ID NO:3272); miR-379 (SEQ ID NO:3273); miR-380 (SEQ ID NO:3274); miR-381 (SEQ ID NO:3275); miR-382 (SEQ ID NO:3276); miR-383 (SEQ ID NO:3277); miR-384 (SEQ ID NO:3278); miR-409 (SEQ ID NO:3279); miR-410 (SEQ ID NO:3280); miR-411 (SEQ ID NO:3281); miR-412 (SEQ ID NO:3282); miR-421 (SEQ ID NO:3283); miR-423 (SEQ ID NO:3284); miR-424 (SEQ ID NO:3285); miR-429 (SEQ ID NO:3286); miR-431 (SEQ ID NO:3287); miR-432 (SEQ ID NO:3288); miR-433 (SEQ ID NO:3289); miR-448 (SEQ ID NO:3290); miR-449a (SEQ ID NO:3291); miR-450a (SEQ ID NO:3292); miR-450b (SEQ ID NO:3293); miR-450c (SEQ ID NO:3294); miR-451 (SEQ ID NO:3295); miR-454 (SEQ ID NO:3296); miR-485 (SEQ ID NO:3297); miR-486 (SEQ ID NO:3298); miR-487a (SEQ ID NO:3299); miR-487b (SEQ ID NO:3300); miR-488 (SEQ ID NO:3301); miR-489 (SEQ ID NO:3302); miR-490 (SEQ ID NO:3303); miR-491 (SEQ ID NO:3304); miR-492-1 (SEQ ID NO:3305); miR-492-2 (SEQ ID NO:3306); miR-493a (SEQ ID NO:3307); miR-493b (SEQ ID NO:3308); miR-494 (SEQ ID NO:3309); miR-495 (SEQ ID NO:3310); miR-496 (SEQ ID NO:3311); miR-497 (SEQ ID NO:3312); miR-499 (SEQ ID NO:3313); miR-500-1 (SEQ ID NO:3314); miR-500-2 (SEQ ID NO:3315); miR-501 (SEQ ID NO:3316); miR-502 (SEQ ID NO:3317); miR-503 (SEQ ID NO:3318); miR-504 (SEQ ID NO:3319); miR-505 (SEQ ID NO:3320); miR-507 (SEQ ID NO:3321); miR-508 (SEQ ID NO:3322); miR-509 (SEQ ID NO:3323); miR-514 (SEQ ID NO:3324); miR-532 (SEQ ID NO:3325); miR-539 (SEQ ID NO:3326); miR-541 (SEQ ID NO:3327); miR-542 (SEQ ID NO:3328); miR-543 (SEQ ID NO:3329); miR-544-2 (SEQ ID NO:3330); miR-544b (SEQ ID NO:3331); miR-545 (SEQ ID NO:3332); miR-551a (SEQ ID NO:3333); miR-551b (SEQ ID NO:3334); miR-568 (SEQ ID NO:3335); miR-582 (SEQ ID NO:3336); miR-590 (SEQ ID NO:3337); miR-592 (SEQ ID NO:3338); miR-598 (SEQ ID NO:3339); miR-615 (SEQ ID NO:3340); miR-628a (SEQ ID NO:3341); miR-632 (SEQ ID NO:3342); miR-652 (SEQ ID NO:3343); miR-653 (SEQ ID NO:3344); miR-655 (SEQ ID NO:3345); miR-656 (SEQ ID NO:3346); miR-660 (SEQ ID NO:3347); miR-664 (SEQ ID NO:3348); miR-670 (SEQ ID NO:3349); miR-671 (SEQ ID NO:3350); miR-672 (SEQ ID NO:3351); miR-675 (SEQ ID NO:3352); miR-684 (SEQ ID NO:3353); miR-703 (SEQ ID NO:3354); miR-708 (SEQ ID NO:3355); miR-711 (SEQ ID NO:3356); miR-758 (SEQ ID NO:3357); miR-761 (SEQ ID NO:3358); miR-763 (SEQ ID NO:3359); miR-764 (SEQ ID NO:3360); miR-767 (SEQ ID NO:3361); miR-769a (SEQ ID NO:3362); miR-769b (SEQ ID NO:3363); miR-770 (SEQ ID NO:3364); miR-802 (SEQ ID NO:3365); miR-872 (SEQ ID NO:3366); miR-873 (SEQ ID NO:3367); miR-874 (SEQ ID NO:3368); miR-876 (SEQ ID NO:3369); miR-885 (SEQ ID NO:3370); miR-889 (SEQ ID NO:3371); miR-1179 (SEQ ID NO:3372); miR-1180 (SEQ ID NO:3373); miR-1185 (SEQ ID NO:3374); miR-1193 (SEQ ID NO:3375); miR-1197 (SEQ ID NO:3376); miR-1204 (SEQ ID NO:3377); miR-1244 (SEQ ID NO:3378); miR-1248 (SEQ ID NO:3379); miR-1255b (SEQ ID NO:3380); miR-1261 (SEQ ID NO:3381); miR-1264 (SEQ ID NO:3382); miR-1271 (SEQ ID NO:3383); miR-1282 (SEQ ID NO:3384); miR-1289 (SEQ ID NO:3385); miR-1291a (SEQ ID NO:3386); miR-1291b (SEQ ID NO:3387); miR-1296 (SEQ ID NO:3388); miR-1298 (SEQ ID NO:3389); miR-1301 (SEQ ID NO:3390); miR-1302-1 (SEQ ID NO:3391); miR-1302b-2 (SEQ ID NO:3392); miR-1302c-5 (SEQ ID NO:3393); miR-1302d-4 (SEQ ID NO:3394); miR-1302e-6 (SEQ ID NO:3395); miR-1302e-7 (SEQ ID NO:3396); miR-1461 (SEQ ID NO:3397); miR-1468 (SEQ ID NO:3398); miR-1597 (SEQ ID NO:3399); miR-1839 (SEQ ID NO:3400); miR-1842 (SEQ ID NO:3401); miR-1892 (SEQ ID NO:3402); miR-1898 (SEQ ID NO:3403); miR-1902 (SEQ ID NO:3404); miR-1905a (SEQ ID NO:3405); miR-1905b (SEQ ID NO:3406); miR-1905c (SEQ ID NO:3407); and miR-1912 (SEQ ID NO:3408).

The following mouse miRNAs could be used: let-7a-1 (SEQ ID NO:3409); let-7a-2 (SEQ ID NO:3410); let-7b (SEQ ID NO:3411); let-7c-1 (SEQ ID NO:3412); let-7c-2 (SEQ ID NO:3413); let-7d (SEQ ID NO:3414); let-7e (SEQ ID NO:3415); let-7f-1 (SEQ ID NO:3416); let-7f-2 (SEQ ID NO:3417); let-7g (SEQ ID NO:3418); let-7i (SEQ ID NO:3419); let-7j (SEQ ID NO:3420); let-7k (SEQ ID NO:3421); miR-1a-1 (SEQ ID NO:3422); miR-1a-2 (SEQ ID NO:3423); miR-1b (SEQ ID NO:3424); miR-7a-1 (SEQ ID NO:3425); miR-7a-2 (SEQ ID NO:3426); miR-7b (SEQ ID NO:3427); miR-9-1 (SEQ ID NO:3428); miR-9-2 (SEQ ID NO:3429); miR-9-3 (SEQ ID NO:3430); miR-10a (SEQ ID NO:3431); miR-10b (SEQ ID NO:3432); miR-15a (SEQ ID NO:3433); miR-15b (SEQ ID NO:3434); miR-16-1 (SEQ ID NO:3435); miR-16-2 (SEQ ID NO:3436); miR-17 (SEQ ID NO:3437); miR-18a (SEQ ID NO:3438); miR-18b (SEQ ID NO:3439); miR-19a (SEQ ID NO:3440); miR-19b-1 (SEQ ID NO:3441); miR-19b-2 (SEQ ID NO:3442); miR-20a (SEQ ID NO:3443); miR-20b (SEQ ID NO:3444); miR-21a (SEQ ID NO:3445); miR-21b (SEQ ID NO:3446); miR-21c (SEQ ID NO:3447); miR-22 (SEQ ID NO:3448); miR-23a (SEQ ID NO:3449); miR-23b (SEQ ID NO:3450); miR-24-1 (SEQ ID NO:3451); miR-24-2 (SEQ ID NO:3452); miR-25 (SEQ ID NO:3453); miR-26a-1 (SEQ ID NO:3454); miR-26a-2 (SEQ ID NO:3455); miR-26b (SEQ ID NO:3456); miR-27a (SEQ ID NO:3457); miR-27b (SEQ ID NO:3458); miR-28a (SEQ ID NO:3459); miR-28b (SEQ ID NO:3460); miR-28c (SEQ ID NO:3461); miR-29a (SEQ ID NO:3462); miR-29b-1 (SEQ ID NO:3463); miR-29b-2 (SEQ ID NO:3464); miR-29c (SEQ ID NO:3465); miR-30a (SEQ ID NO:3466); miR-30b (SEQ ID NO:3467); miR-30c-1 (SEQ ID NO:3468); miR-30c-2 (SEQ ID NO:3469); miR-30d (SEQ ID NO:3470); miR-30e (SEQ ID NO:3471); miR-30f (SEQ ID NO:3472); miR-31 (SEQ ID NO:3473); miR-32 (SEQ ID NO:3474); miR-33 (SEQ ID NO:3475); miR-34a (SEQ ID NO:3476); miR-34b (SEQ ID NO:3477); miR-34c (SEQ ID NO:3478); miR-92a-1 (SEQ ID NO:3479); miR-92a-2 (SEQ ID NO:3480); miR-92b (SEQ ID NO:3481); miR-93 (SEQ ID NO:3482); miR-96 (SEQ ID NO:3483); miR-98 (SEQ ID NO:3484); miR-99a (SEQ ID NO:3485); miR-99b (SEQ ID NO:3486); miR-100 (SEQ ID NO:3487); miR-101a (SEQ ID NO:3488); miR-101b (SEQ ID NO:3489); miR-101c (SEQ ID NO:3490); miR-103-1 (SEQ ID NO:3491); miR-103-2 (SEQ ID NO:3492); miR-105 (SEQ ID NO:3493); miR-106a (SEQ ID NO:3494); miR-106b (SEQ ID NO:3495); miR-107 (SEQ ID NO:3496); miR-122 (SEQ ID NO:3497); miR-124-1 (SEQ ID NO:3498); miR-124-2 (SEQ ID NO:3499); miR-124-3 (SEQ ID NO:3500); miR-125a (SEQ ID NO:3501); miR-125b-1 (SEQ ID NO:3502); miR-125b-2 (SEQ ID NO:3503); miR-126a (SEQ ID NO:3504); miR-126b (SEQ ID NO:3505); miR-127 (SEQ ID NO:3506); miR-128-1 (SEQ ID NO:3507); miR-128-2 (SEQ ID NO:3508); miR-129-1 (SEQ ID NO:3509); miR-129-2 (SEQ ID NO:3510); miR-129b (SEQ ID NO:3511); miR-130a (SEQ ID NO:3512); miR-130b (SEQ ID NO:3513); miR-130c (SEQ ID NO:3514); miR-132 (SEQ ID NO:3515); miR-133a-1 (SEQ ID NO:3516); miR-133a-2 (SEQ ID NO:3517); miR-133b (SEQ ID NO:3518); miR-133c (SEQ ID NO:3519); miR-134 (SEQ ID NO:3520); miR-135a-1 (SEQ ID NO:3521); miR-135a-2 (SEQ ID NO:3522); miR-135b (SEQ ID NO:3523); miR-136 (SEQ ID NO:3524); miR-137 (SEQ ID NO:3525); miR-138-1 (SEQ ID NO:3526); miR-138-2 (SEQ ID NO:3527); miR-139 (SEQ ID NO:3528); miR-140 (SEQ ID NO:3529); miR-141 (SEQ ID NO:3530); miR-142 (SEQ ID NO:3531); miR-142b (SEQ ID NO:3532); miR-143 (SEQ ID NO:3533); miR-144 (SEQ ID NO:3534); miR-145a (SEQ ID NO:3535); miR-145b (SEQ ID NO:3536); miR-146a (SEQ ID NO:3537); miR-146b (SEQ ID NO:3538); miR-147 (SEQ ID NO:3539); miR-148a (SEQ ID NO:3540); miR-148b (SEQ ID NO:3541); miR-149 (SEQ ID NO:3542); miR-150 (SEQ ID NO:3543); miR-151 (SEQ ID NO:3544); miR-152 (SEQ ID NO:3545); miR-153 (SEQ ID NO:3546); miR-154 (SEQ ID NO:3547); miR-155 (SEQ ID NO:3548); miR-181a-1 (SEQ ID NO:3549); miR-181a-2 (SEQ ID NO:3550); miR-181b-1 (SEQ ID NO:3551); miR-181b-2 (SEQ ID NO:3552); miR-181c (SEQ ID NO:3553); miR-181d (SEQ ID NO:3554); miR-182 (SEQ ID NO:3555); miR-183 (SEQ ID NO:3556); miR-184 (SEQ ID NO:3557); miR-185 (SEQ ID NO:3558); miR-186 (SEQ ID NO:3559); miR-187 (SEQ ID NO:3560); miR-188 (SEQ ID NO:3561); miR-190a (SEQ ID NO:3562); miR-190b (SEQ ID NO:3563); miR-191 (SEQ ID NO:3564); miR-192 (SEQ ID NO:3565); miR-193a (SEQ ID NO:3566); miR-193b (SEQ ID NO:3567); miR-194-1 (SEQ ID NO:3568); miR-194-2 (SEQ ID NO:3569); miR-195a (SEQ ID NO:3570); miR-195b (SEQ ID NO:3571); miR-196a-1 (SEQ ID NO:3572); miR-196a-2 (SEQ ID NO:3573); miR-196b (SEQ ID NO:3574); miR-199a-1 (SEQ ID NO:3575); miR-199a-2 (SEQ ID NO:3576); miR-199b (SEQ ID NO:3577); miR-200a (SEQ ID NO:3578); miR-200b (SEQ ID NO:3579); miR-200c (SEQ ID NO:3580); miR-201 (SEQ ID NO:3581); miR-202 (SEQ ID NO:3582); miR-203 (SEQ ID NO:3583); miR-204 (SEQ ID NO:3584); miR-205 (SEQ ID NO:3585); miR-206 (SEQ ID NO:3586); miR-207 (SEQ ID NO:3587); miR-208a (SEQ ID NO:3588); miR-208b (SEQ ID NO:3589); miR-210 (SEQ ID NO:3590); miR-211 (SEQ ID NO:3591); miR-212 (SEQ ID NO:3592); miR-214 (SEQ ID NO:3593); miR-215 (SEQ ID NO:3594); miR-216a (SEQ ID NO:3595); miR-216b (SEQ ID NO:3596); miR-216c (SEQ ID NO:3597); miR-217 (SEQ ID NO:3598); miR-218-1 (SEQ ID NO:3599); miR-218-2 (SEQ ID NO:3600); miR-219a-1 (SEQ ID NO:3601); miR-219a-2 (SEQ ID NO:3602); miR-219b (SEQ ID NO:3603); miR-219c (SEQ ID NO:3604); miR-221 (SEQ ID NO:3605); miR-222 (SEQ ID NO:3606); miR-223 (SEQ ID NO:3607); miR-224 (SEQ ID NO:3608); miR-290a (SEQ ID NO:3609); miR-290b (SEQ ID NO:3610); miR-291a (SEQ ID NO:3611); miR-291b (SEQ ID NO:3612); miR-292 (SEQ ID NO:3613); miR-292b (SEQ ID NO:3614); miR-293 (SEQ ID NO:3615); miR-294 (SEQ ID NO:3616); miR-295 (SEQ ID NO:3617); miR-296 (SEQ ID NO:3618); miR-297a-1 (SEQ ID NO:3619); miR-297a-2 (SEQ ID NO:3620); miR-297a-3 (SEQ ID NO:3621); miR-297a-4 (SEQ ID NO:3622); miR-297b (SEQ ID NO:3623); miR-297c (SEQ ID NO:3624); miR-298 (SEQ ID NO:3625); miR-299a (SEQ ID NO:3626); miR-299b (SEQ ID NO:3627); miR-300 (SEQ ID NO:3628); miR-301a (SEQ ID NO:3629); miR-301b (SEQ ID NO:3630); miR-302a (SEQ ID NO:3631); miR-302b (SEQ ID NO:3632); miR-302c (SEQ ID NO:3633); miR-302d (SEQ ID NO:3634); miR-320 (SEQ ID NO:3635); miR-322 (SEQ ID NO:3636); miR-323 (SEQ ID NO:3637); miR-324 (SEQ ID NO:3638); miR-325 (SEQ ID NO:3639); miR-326 (SEQ ID NO:3640); miR-327 (SEQ ID NO:3641); miR-328 (SEQ ID NO:3642); miR-329 (SEQ ID NO:3643); miR-330 (SEQ ID NO:3644); miR-331 (SEQ ID NO:3645); miR-335 (SEQ ID NO:3646); miR-337 (SEQ ID NO:3647); miR-338 (SEQ ID NO:3648); miR-339 (SEQ ID NO:3649); miR-340 (SEQ ID NO:3650); miR-341 (SEQ ID NO:3651); miR-342 (SEQ ID NO:3652); miR-343 (SEQ ID NO:3653); miR-344-1 (SEQ ID NO:3654); miR-344-2 (SEQ ID NO:3655); miR-344b (SEQ ID NO:3656); miR-344c (SEQ ID NO:3657); miR-344d-1 (SEQ ID NO:3658); miR-344d-2 (SEQ ID NO:3659); miR-344d-3 (SEQ ID NO:3660); miR-344e (SEQ ID NO:3661); miR-344f (SEQ ID NO:3662); miR-344g (SEQ ID NO:3663); miR-344h-1 (SEQ ID NO:3664); miR-344h-2 (SEQ ID NO:3665); miR-344i (SEQ ID NO:3666); miR-345 (SEQ ID NO:3667); miR-346 (SEQ ID NO:3668); miR-350 (SEQ ID NO:3669); miR-351 (SEQ ID NO:3670); miR-361 (SEQ ID NO:3671); miR-362 (SEQ ID NO:3672); miR-363 (SEQ ID NO:3673); miR-365-1 (SEQ ID NO:3674); miR-365-2 (SEQ ID NO:3675); miR-367 (SEQ ID NO:3676); miR-369 (SEQ ID NO:3677); miR-370 (SEQ ID NO:3678); miR-374b (SEQ ID NO:3679); miR-374c (SEQ ID NO:3680); miR-375 (SEQ ID NO:3681); miR-376a (SEQ ID NO:3682); miR-376b (SEQ ID NO:3683); miR-376c (SEQ ID NO:3684); miR-377 (SEQ ID NO:3685); miR-378a (SEQ ID NO:3686); miR-378b (SEQ ID NO:3687); miR-378c (SEQ ID NO:3688); miR-378d (SEQ ID NO:3689); miR-379 (SEQ ID NO:3690); miR-380 (SEQ ID NO:3691); miR-381 (SEQ ID NO:3692); miR-382 (SEQ ID NO:3693); miR-383 (SEQ ID NO:3694); miR-384 (SEQ ID NO:3695); miR-409 (SEQ ID NO:3696); miR-410 (SEQ ID NO:3697); miR-411 (SEQ ID NO:3698); miR-412 (SEQ ID NO:3699); miR-421 (SEQ ID NO:3700); miR-423 (SEQ ID NO:3701); miR-425 (SEQ ID NO:3702); miR-429 (SEQ ID NO:3703); miR-431 (SEQ ID NO:3704); miR-432 (SEQ ID NO:3705); miR-433 (SEQ ID NO:3706); miR-434 (SEQ ID NO:3707); miR-448 (SEQ ID NO:3708); miR-449a (SEQ ID NO:3709); miR-449b (SEQ ID NO:3710); miR-449c (SEQ ID NO:3711); miR-450a-1 (SEQ ID NO:3712); miR-450a-2 (SEQ ID NO:3713); miR-450b (SEQ ID NO:3714); miR-451a (SEQ ID NO:3715); miR-451b (SEQ ID NO:3716); miR-452 (SEQ ID NO:3717); miR-453 (SEQ ID NO:3718); miR-455 (SEQ ID NO:3719); miR-463 (SEQ ID NO:3720); miR-465a (SEQ ID NO:3721); miR-465b-1 (SEQ ID NO:3722); miR-465b-2 (SEQ ID NO:3723); miR-465c-1 (SEQ ID NO:3724); miR-465c-2 (SEQ ID NO:3725); miR-465d (SEQ ID NO:3726); miR-466a (SEQ ID NO:3727); miR-466b-1 (SEQ ID NO:3728); miR-466b-2 (SEQ ID NO:3729); miR-466b-3 (SEQ ID NO:3730); miR-466b-4 (SEQ ID NO:3731); miR-466b-5 (SEQ ID NO:3732); miR-466b-6 (SEQ ID NO:3733); miR-466b-7 (SEQ ID NO:3734); miR-466b-8 (SEQ ID NO:3735); miR-466c-1 (SEQ ID NO:3736); miR-466c-2 (SEQ ID NO:3737); miR-466d (SEQ ID NO:3738); miR-466e (SEQ ID NO:3739); miR-466f-1 (SEQ ID NO:3740); miR-466f-2 (SEQ ID NO:3741); miR-466f-3 (SEQ ID NO:3742); miR-466f-4 (SEQ ID NO:3743); miR-466g (SEQ ID NO:3744); miR-466h (SEQ ID NO:3745); miR-466i (SEQ ID NO:3746); miR-466j (SEQ ID NO:3747); miR-466k (SEQ ID NO:3748); miR-466l (SEQ ID NO:3749); miR-466m (SEQ ID NO:3750); miR-466n (SEQ ID NO:3751); miR-466o (SEQ ID NO:3752); miR-466p (SEQ ID NO:3753); miR-466q (SEQ ID NO:3754); miR-467a-1 (SEQ ID NO:3755); miR-467a-10 (SEQ ID NO:3756); miR-467a-2 (SEQ ID NO:3757); miR-467a-3 (SEQ ID NO:3758); miR-467a-4 (SEQ ID NO:3759); miR-467a-5 (SEQ ID NO:3760); miR-467a-6 (SEQ ID NO:3761); miR-467a-7 (SEQ ID NO:3762); miR-467a-8 (SEQ ID NO:3763); miR-467a-9 (SEQ ID NO:3764); miR-467b (SEQ ID NO:3765); miR-467c (SEQ ID NO:3766); miR-467d (SEQ ID NO:3767); miR-467e (SEQ ID NO:3768); miR-467f (SEQ ID NO:3769); miR-467g (SEQ ID NO:3770); miR-467h (SEQ ID NO:3771); miR-468 (SEQ ID NO:3772); miR-470 (SEQ ID NO:3773); miR-471 (SEQ ID NO:3774); miR-483 (SEQ ID NO:3775); miR-484 (SEQ ID NO:3776); miR-485 (SEQ ID NO:3777); miR-486 (SEQ ID NO:3778); miR-487b (SEQ ID NO:3779); miR-488 (SEQ ID NO:3780); miR-489 (SEQ ID NO:3781); miR-490 (SEQ ID NO:3782); miR-491 (SEQ ID NO:3783); miR-493 (SEQ ID NO:3784); miR-494 (SEQ ID NO:3785); miR-495 (SEQ ID NO:3786); miR-496a (SEQ ID NO:3787); miR-496b (SEQ ID NO:3788); miR-497 (SEQ ID NO:3789); miR-497b (SEQ ID NO:3790); miR-499 (SEQ ID NO:3791); miR-500 (SEQ ID NO:3792); miR-501 (SEQ ID NO:3793); miR-503 (SEQ ID NO:3794); miR-504 (SEQ ID NO:3795); miR-505 (SEQ ID NO:3796); miR-509 (SEQ ID NO:3797); miR-511 (SEQ ID NO:3798); miR-532 (SEQ ID NO:3799); miR-539 (SEQ ID NO:3800); miR-540 (SEQ ID NO:3801); miR-541 (SEQ ID NO:3802); miR-542 (SEQ ID NO:3803); miR-543 (SEQ ID NO:3804); miR-544 (SEQ ID NO:3805); miR-546 (SEQ ID NO:3806); miR-547 (SEQ ID NO:3807); miR-551b (SEQ ID NO:3808); miR-568 (SEQ ID NO:3809); miR-574 (SEQ ID NO:3810); miR-582 (SEQ ID NO:3811); miR-590 (SEQ ID NO:3812); miR-592 (SEQ ID NO:3813); miR-598 (SEQ ID NO:3814); miR-599 (SEQ ID NO:3815); miR-615 (SEQ ID NO:3816); miR-652 (SEQ ID NO:3817); miR-653 (SEQ ID NO:3818); miR-654 (SEQ ID NO:3819); miR-664 (SEQ ID NO:3820); miR-665 (SEQ ID NO:3821); miR-666 (SEQ ID NO:3822); miR-667 (SEQ ID NO:3823); miR-668 (SEQ ID NO:3824); miR-669a-1 (SEQ ID NO:3825); miR-669a-10 (SEQ ID NO:3826); miR-669a-11 (SEQ ID NO:3827); miR-669a-12 (SEQ ID NO:3828); miR-669a-2 (SEQ ID NO:3829); miR-669a-3 (SEQ ID NO:3830); miR-669a-4 (SEQ ID NO:3831); miR-669a-5 (SEQ ID NO:3832); miR-669a-6 (SEQ ID NO:3833); miR-669a-7 (SEQ ID NO:3834); miR-669a-8 (SEQ ID NO:3835); miR-669a-9 (SEQ ID NO:3836); miR-669b (SEQ ID NO:3837); miR-669c (SEQ ID NO:3838); miR-669d (SEQ ID NO:3839); miR-669d-2 (SEQ ID NO:3840); miR-669e (SEQ ID NO:3841); miR-669f (SEQ ID NO:3842); miR-669g (SEQ ID NO:3843); miR-669h (SEQ ID NO:3844); miR-669i (SEQ ID NO:3845); miR-669j (SEQ ID NO:3846); miR-669k (SEQ ID NO:3847); miR-669l (SEQ ID NO:3848); miR-669m-1 (SEQ ID NO:3849); miR-669m-2 (SEQ ID NO:3850); miR-669n (SEQ ID NO:3851); miR-669o (SEQ ID NO:3852); miR-669p-1 (SEQ ID NO:3853); miR-669p-2 (SEQ ID NO:3854); miR-670 (SEQ ID NO:3855); miR-671 (SEQ ID NO:3856); miR-672 (SEQ ID NO:3857); miR-673 (SEQ ID NO:3858); miR-674 (SEQ ID NO:3859); miR-675 (SEQ ID NO:3860); miR-676 (SEQ ID NO:3861); miR-677 (SEQ ID NO:3862); miR-678 (SEQ ID NO:3863); miR-679 (SEQ ID NO:3864); miR-680-1 (SEQ ID NO:3865); miR-680-2 (SEQ ID NO:3866); miR-680-3 (SEQ ID NO:3867); miR-681 (SEQ ID NO:3868); miR-682 (SEQ ID NO:3869); miR-683-1 (SEQ ID NO:3870); miR-683-2 (SEQ ID NO:3871); miR-684-1 (SEQ ID NO:3872); miR-684-2 (SEQ ID NO:3873); miR-686 (SEQ ID NO:3874); miR-687 (SEQ ID NO:3875); miR-688 (SEQ ID NO:3876); miR-690 (SEQ ID NO:3877); miR-691 (SEQ ID NO:3878); miR-692-1 (SEQ ID NO:3879); miR-692-2 (SEQ ID NO:3880); miR-692-3 (SEQ ID NO:3881); miR-693 (SEQ ID NO:3882); miR-694 (SEQ ID NO:3883); miR-695 (SEQ ID NO:3884); miR-696 (SEQ ID NO:3885); miR-697 (SEQ ID NO:3886); miR-698 (SEQ ID NO:3887); miR-700 (SEQ ID NO:3888); miR-701 (SEQ ID NO:3889); miR-702 (SEQ ID NO:3890); miR-703 (SEQ ID NO:3891); miR-704 (SEQ ID NO:3892); miR-705 (SEQ ID NO:3893); miR-706 (SEQ ID NO:3894); miR-707 (SEQ ID NO:3895); miR-708 (SEQ ID NO:3896); miR-709 (SEQ ID NO:3897); miR-710 (SEQ ID NO:3898); miR-711 (SEQ ID NO:3899); miR-712 (SEQ ID NO:3900); miR-713 (SEQ ID NO:3901); miR-714 (SEQ ID NO:3902); miR-717 (SEQ ID NO:3903); miR-718 (SEQ ID NO:3904); miR-719 (SEQ ID NO:3905); miR-721 (SEQ ID NO:3906); miR-741 (SEQ ID NO:3907); miR-742 (SEQ ID NO:3908); miR-743a (SEQ ID NO:3909); miR-743b (SEQ ID NO:3910); miR-744 (SEQ ID NO:3911); miR-758 (SEQ ID NO:3912); miR-759 (SEQ ID NO:3913); miR-760 (SEQ ID NO:3914); miR-761 (SEQ ID NO:3915); miR-762 (SEQ ID NO:3916); miR-763 (SEQ ID NO:3917); miR-764 (SEQ ID NO:3918); miR-767 (SEQ ID NO:3919); miR-770 (SEQ ID NO:3920); miR-802 (SEQ ID NO:3921); miR-804 (SEQ ID NO:3922); miR-871 (SEQ ID NO:3923); miR-872 (SEQ ID NO:3924); miR-873a (SEQ ID NO:3925); miR-873b (SEQ ID NO:3926); miR-874 (SEQ ID NO:3927); miR-875 (SEQ ID NO:3928); miR-876 (SEQ ID NO:3929); miR-877 (SEQ ID NO:3930); miR-878 (SEQ ID NO:3931); miR-879 (SEQ ID NO:3932); miR-880 (SEQ ID NO:3933); miR-881 (SEQ ID NO:3934); miR-882 (SEQ ID NO:3935); miR-883a (SEQ ID NO:3936); miR-883b (SEQ ID NO:3937); miR-1187 (SEQ ID NO:3938); miR-1188 (SEQ ID NO:3939); miR-1190 (SEQ ID NO:3940); miR-1191 (SEQ ID NO:3941); miR-1191b (SEQ ID NO:3942); miR-1192 (SEQ ID NO:3943); miR-1193 (SEQ ID NO:3944); miR-1194 (SEQ ID NO:3945); miR-1195 (SEQ ID NO:3946); miR-1197 (SEQ ID NO:3947); miR-1198 (SEQ ID NO:3948); miR-1199 (SEQ ID NO:3949); miR-1224 (SEQ ID NO:3950); miR-1231 (SEQ ID NO:3951); miR-1247 (SEQ ID NO:3952); miR-1249 (SEQ ID NO:3953); miR-1251 (SEQ ID NO:3954); miR-1258 (SEQ ID NO:3955); miR-1264 (SEQ ID NO:3956); miR-1291 (SEQ ID NO:3957); miR-1298 (SEQ ID NO:3958); miR-1306 (SEQ ID NO:3959); miR-1668 (SEQ ID NO:3960); miR-1839 (SEQ ID NO:3961); miR-1843a (SEQ ID NO:3962); miR-1843b (SEQ ID NO:3963); miR-1892 (SEQ ID NO:3964); miR-1893 (SEQ ID NO:3965); miR-1894 (SEQ ID NO:3966); miR-1895 (SEQ ID NO:3967); miR-1896 (SEQ ID NO:3968); miR-1897 (SEQ ID NO:3969); miR-1898 (SEQ ID NO:3970); miR-1899 (SEQ ID NO:3971); miR-1900 (SEQ ID NO:3972); miR-1901 (SEQ ID NO:3973); miR-1902 (SEQ ID NO:3974); miR-1903 (SEQ ID NO:3975); miR-1904 (SEQ ID NO:3976); miR-1905 (SEQ ID NO:3977); miR-1906-1 (SEQ ID NO:3978); miR-1906-2 (SEQ ID NO:3979); miR-1907 (SEQ ID NO:3980); miR-1912 (SEQ ID NO:3981); miR-1927 (SEQ ID NO:3982); miR-1928 (SEQ ID NO:3983); miR-1929 (SEQ ID NO:3984); miR-1930 (SEQ ID NO:3985); miR-1931 (SEQ ID NO:3986); miR-1932 (SEQ ID NO:3987); miR-1933 (SEQ ID NO:3988); miR-1934 (SEQ ID NO:3989); miR-1936 (SEQ ID NO:3990); miR-1938 (SEQ ID NO:3991); miR-1940 (SEQ ID NO:3992); miR-1941 (SEQ ID NO:3993); miR-1942 (SEQ ID NO:3994); miR-1943 (SEQ ID NO:3995); miR-1945 (SEQ ID NO:3996); miR-1946a (SEQ ID NO:3997); miR-1946b (SEQ ID NO:3998); miR-1947 (SEQ ID NO:3999); miR-1948 (SEQ ID NO:4000); miR-1949 (SEQ ID NO:4001); miR-1950 (SEQ ID NO:4002); miR-1951 (SEQ ID NO:4003); miR-1952 (SEQ ID NO:4004); miR-1953 (SEQ ID NO:4005); miR-1954 (SEQ ID NO:4006); miR-1955 (SEQ ID NO:4007); miR-1956 (SEQ ID NO:4008); miR-1957a (SEQ ID NO:4009); miR-1957b (SEQ ID NO:4010); miR-1958 (SEQ ID NO:4011); miR-1960 (SEQ ID NO:4012); miR-1961 (SEQ ID NO:4013); miR-1962 (SEQ ID NO:4014); miR-1963 (SEQ ID NO:4015); miR-1964 (SEQ ID NO:4016); miR-1966 (SEQ ID NO:4017); miR-1967 (SEQ ID NO:4018); miR-1968 (SEQ ID NO:4019); miR-1969 (SEQ ID NO:4020); miR-1970 (SEQ ID NO:4021); miR-1971 (SEQ ID NO:4022); miR-1981 (SEQ ID NO:4023); miR-1982 (SEQ ID NO:4024); miR-1983 (SEQ ID NO:4025); miR-2136 (SEQ ID NO:4026); miR-2137 (SEQ ID NO:4027); miR-2139 (SEQ ID NO:4028); miR-2183 (SEQ ID NO:4029); miR-2861 (SEQ ID NO:4030); miR-3057 (SEQ ID NO:4031); miR-3058 (SEQ ID NO:4032); miR-3059 (SEQ ID NO:4033); miR-3060 (SEQ ID NO:4034); miR-3061 (SEQ ID NO:4035); miR-3062 (SEQ ID NO:4036); miR-3063 (SEQ ID NO:4037); miR-3064 (SEQ ID NO:4038); miR-3065 (SEQ ID NO:4039); miR-3066 (SEQ ID NO:4040); miR-3067 (SEQ ID NO:4041); miR-3068 (SEQ ID NO:4042); miR-3069 (SEQ ID NO:4043); miR-3070a (SEQ ID NO:4044); miR-3070b (SEQ ID NO:4045); miR-3071 (SEQ ID NO:4046); miR-3072 (SEQ ID NO:4047); miR-3073a (SEQ ID NO:4048); miR-3073b (SEQ ID NO:4049); miR-3074-1 (SEQ ID NO:4050); miR-3074-2 (SEQ ID NO:4051); miR-3075 (SEQ ID NO:4052); miR-3076 (SEQ ID NO:4053); miR-3077 (SEQ ID NO:4054); miR-3078 (SEQ ID NO:4055); miR-3079 (SEQ ID NO:4056); miR-3080 (SEQ ID NO:4057); miR-3081 (SEQ ID NO:4058); miR-3082 (SEQ ID NO:4059); miR-3083 (SEQ ID NO:4060); miR-3084-1 (SEQ ID NO:4061); miR-3084-2 (SEQ ID NO:4062); miR-3085 (SEQ ID NO:4063); miR-3086 (SEQ ID NO:4064); miR-3087 (SEQ ID NO:4065); miR-3088 (SEQ ID NO:4066); miR-3089 (SEQ ID

NO:4067); miR-3090 (SEQ ID NO:4068); miR-3091 (SEQ ID NO:4069); miR-3092 (SEQ ID NO:4070); miR-3093 (SEQ ID NO:4071); miR-3094 (SEQ ID NO:4072); miR-3095 (SEQ ID NO:4073); miR-3097 (SEQ ID NO:4074); miR-3098 (SEQ ID NO:4075); miR-3099 (SEQ ID NO:4076); miR-3100 (SEQ ID NO:4077); miR-3101 (SEQ ID NO:4078); miR-3102 (SEQ ID NO:4079); miR-3103 (SEQ ID NO:4080); miR-3104 (SEQ ID NO:4081); miR-3105 (SEQ ID NO:4082); miR-3106 (SEQ ID NO:4083); miR-3107 (SEQ ID NO:4084); miR-3108 (SEQ ID NO:4085); miR-3109 (SEQ ID NO:4086); miR-3110 (SEQ ID NO:4087); miR-3112 (SEQ ID NO:4088); miR-3113 (SEQ ID NO:4089); miR-3470a (SEQ ID NO:4090); miR-3470b (SEQ ID NO:4091); miR-3471-1 (SEQ ID NO:4092); miR-3471-2 (SEQ ID NO:4093); miR-3472 (SEQ ID NO:4094); miR-3473a (SEQ ID NO:4095); miR-3473b (SEQ ID NO:4096); miR-3473c (SEQ ID NO:4097); miR-3473d (SEQ ID NO:4098); miR-3473e (SEQ ID NO:4099); miR-3473f (SEQ ID NO:4100); miR-3473g (SEQ ID NO:4101); miR-3474 (SEQ ID NO:4102); miR-3475 (SEQ ID NO:4103); miR-3535 (SEQ ID NO:4104); miR-3544 (SEQ ID NO:4105); miR-3547 (SEQ ID NO:4106); miR-3569 (SEQ ID NO:4107); miR-3572 (SEQ ID NO:4108); miR-3620 (SEQ ID NO:4109); miR-3960 (SEQ ID NO:4110); miR-3961 (SEQ ID NO:4111); miR-3962 (SEQ ID NO:4112); miR-3963 (SEQ ID NO:4113); miR-3964 (SEQ ID NO:4114); miR-3965 (SEQ ID NO:4115); miR-3966 (SEQ ID NO:4116); miR-3967 (SEQ ID NO:4117); miR-3968 (SEQ ID NO:4118); miR-3969 (SEQ ID NO:4119); miR-3970 (SEQ ID NO:4120); miR-3971 (SEQ ID NO:4121); miR-5046 (SEQ ID NO:4122); miR-5098 (SEQ ID NO:4123); miR-5099 (SEQ ID NO:4124); miR-5100 (SEQ ID NO:4125); miR-5101 (SEQ ID NO:4126); miR-5103 (SEQ ID NO:4127); miR-5104 (SEQ ID NO:4128); miR-5106 (SEQ ID NO:4129); miR-5107 (SEQ ID NO:4130); miR-5108 (SEQ ID NO:4131); miR-5110 (SEQ ID NO:4132); miR-5112 (SEQ ID NO:4133); miR-5113 (SEQ ID NO:4134); miR-5114 (SEQ ID NO:4135); miR-5116 (SEQ ID NO:4136); miR-5118 (SEQ ID NO:4137); miR-5119 (SEQ ID NO:4138); miR-5120 (SEQ ID NO:4139); miR-5121 (SEQ ID NO:4140); miR-5122 (SEQ ID NO:4141); miR-5123 (SEQ ID NO:4142); miR-5124a (SEQ ID NO:4143); miR-5124b (SEQ ID NO:4144); miR-5125 (SEQ ID NO:4145); miR-5126 (SEQ ID NO:4146); miR-5127 (SEQ ID NO:4147); miR-5128 (SEQ ID NO:4148); miR-5129 (SEQ ID NO:4149); miR-5130 (SEQ ID NO:4150); miR-5131 (SEQ ID NO:4151); miR-5132 (SEQ ID NO:4152); miR-5133 (SEQ ID NO:4153); miR-5134 (SEQ ID NO:4154); miR-5135 (SEQ ID NO:4155); miR-5136 (SEQ ID NO:4156); miR-5615-1 (SEQ ID NO:4157); miR-5615-2 (SEQ ID NO:4158); miR-5616 (SEQ ID NO:4159); miR-5617 (SEQ ID NO:4160); miR-5618 (SEQ ID NO:4161); miR-5619 (SEQ ID NO:4162); miR-5620 (SEQ ID NO:4163); miR-5621 (SEQ ID NO:4164); miR-5622 (SEQ ID NO:4165); miR-5623 (SEQ ID NO:4166); miR-5624 (SEQ ID NO:4167); miR-5625 (SEQ ID NO:4168); miR-5626 (SEQ ID NO:4169); miR-5627 (SEQ ID NO:4170); miR-5709 (SEQ ID NO:4171); miR-5710 (SEQ ID NO:4172); miR-6236 (SEQ ID NO:4173); miR-6237 (SEQ ID NO:4174); miR-6238 (SEQ ID NO:4175); miR-6239 (SEQ ID NO:4176); miR-6240 (SEQ ID NO:4177); miR-6241 (SEQ ID NO:4178); miR-6244 (SEQ ID NO:4179); miR-6335 (SEQ ID NO:4180); miR-6336 (SEQ ID NO:4181); miR-6337 (SEQ ID NO:4182); miR-6338 (SEQ ID NO:4183); miR-6339 (SEQ ID NO:4184); miR-6340 (SEQ ID NO:4185); miR-6341 (SEQ ID NO:4186); miR-6342 (SEQ ID NO:4187); miR-6343 (SEQ ID NO:4188); miR-6344 (SEQ ID NO:4189); miR-6345 (SEQ ID NO:4190); miR-6346 (SEQ ID NO:4191); miR-6347 (SEQ ID NO:4192); miR-6348 (SEQ ID NO:4193); miR-6349 (SEQ ID NO:4194); miR-6350 (SEQ ID NO:4195); miR-6351 (SEQ ID NO:4196); miR-6352 (SEQ ID NO:4197); miR-6353 (SEQ ID NO:4198); miR-6354 (SEQ ID NO:4199); miR-6355 (SEQ ID NO:4200); miR-6356 (SEQ ID NO:4201); miR-6357 (SEQ ID NO:4202); miR-6358 (SEQ ID NO:4203); miR-6359 (SEQ ID NO:4204); miR-6360 (SEQ ID NO:4205); miR-6361 (SEQ ID NO:4206); miR-6362 (SEQ ID NO:4207); miR-6363 (SEQ ID NO:4208); miR-6364 (SEQ ID NO:4209); miR-6365 (SEQ ID NO:4210); miR-6366 (SEQ ID NO:4211); miR-6367 (SEQ ID NO:4212); miR-6368 (SEQ ID NO:4213); miR-6369 (SEQ ID NO:4214); miR-6370 (SEQ ID NO:4215); miR-6371 (SEQ ID NO:4216); miR-6372 (SEQ ID NO:4217); miR-6373 (SEQ ID NO:4218); miR-6374 (SEQ ID NO:4219); miR-6375 (SEQ ID NO:4220); miR-6376 (SEQ ID NO:4221); miR-6377 (SEQ ID NO:4222); miR-6378 (SEQ ID NO:4223); miR-6379 (SEQ ID NO:4224); miR-6380 (SEQ ID NO:4225); miR-6381 (SEQ ID NO:4226); miR-6382 (SEQ ID NO:4227); miR-6383 (SEQ ID NO:4228); miR-6384 (SEQ ID NO:4229); miR-6385 (SEQ ID NO:4230); miR-6386 (SEQ ID NO:4231); miR-6387 (SEQ ID NO:4232); miR-6388 (SEQ ID NO:4233); miR-6389 (SEQ ID NO:4234); miR-6390 (SEQ ID NO:4235); miR-6391 (SEQ ID NO:4236); miR-6392 (SEQ ID NO:4237); miR-6393 (SEQ ID NO:4238); miR-6394 (SEQ ID NO:4239); miR-6395 (SEQ ID NO:4240); miR-6396 (SEQ ID NO:4241); miR-6397 (SEQ ID NO:4242); miR-6398 (SEQ ID NO:4243); miR-6399 (SEQ ID NO:4244); miR-6400 (SEQ ID NO:4245); miR-6401 (SEQ ID NO:4246); miR-6402 (SEQ ID NO:4247); miR-6403 (SEQ ID NO:4248); miR-6404 (SEQ ID NO:4249); miR-6405 (SEQ ID NO:4250); miR-6406 (SEQ ID NO:4251); miR-6407 (SEQ ID NO:4252); miR-6408 (SEQ ID NO:4253); miR-6409 (SEQ ID NO:4254); miR-6410 (SEQ ID NO:4255); miR-6411 (SEQ ID NO:4256); miR-6412 (SEQ ID NO:4257); miR-6413 (SEQ ID NO:4258); miR-6414 (SEQ ID NO:4259); miR-6415 (SEQ ID NO:4260); miR-6416 (SEQ ID NO:4261); miR-6417 (SEQ ID NO:4262); miR-6418 (SEQ ID NO:4263); miR-6419 (SEQ ID NO:4264); miR-6420 (SEQ ID NO:4265); miR-6481 (SEQ ID NO:4266); miR-6516 (SEQ ID NO:4267); miR-6537 (SEQ ID NO:4268); miR-6538 (SEQ ID NO:4269); miR-6539 (SEQ ID NO:4270); miR-6540 (SEQ ID NO:4271); miR-6541 (SEQ ID NO:4272); miR-6546 (SEQ ID NO:4273); miR-6715 (SEQ ID NO:4274); miR-6769b (SEQ ID NO:4275); miR-6896 (SEQ ID NO:4276); miR-6897 (SEQ ID NO:4277); miR-6898 (SEQ ID NO:4278); miR-6899 (SEQ ID NO:4279); miR-6900 (SEQ ID NO:4280); miR-6901 (SEQ ID NO:4281); miR-6902 (SEQ ID NO:4282); miR-6903 (SEQ ID NO:4283); miR-6904 (SEQ ID NO:4284); miR-6905 (SEQ ID NO:4285); miR-6906 (SEQ ID NO:4286); miR-6907 (SEQ ID NO:4287); miR-6908 (SEQ ID NO:4288); miR-6909 (SEQ ID NO:4289); miR-6910 (SEQ ID NO:4290); miR-6911 (SEQ ID NO:4291); miR-6912 (SEQ ID NO:4292); miR-6913 (SEQ ID NO:4293); miR-6914 (SEQ ID NO:4294); miR-6915 (SEQ ID NO:4295); miR-6916 (SEQ ID NO:4296); miR-6917 (SEQ ID NO:4297); miR-6918 (SEQ ID NO:4298); miR-6919 (SEQ ID NO:4299); miR-6920 (SEQ ID NO:4300); miR-6921 (SEQ ID NO:4301); miR-6922 (SEQ ID NO:4302); miR-6923 (SEQ ID NO:4303); miR-6924 (SEQ ID NO:4304); miR-6925 (SEQ ID NO:4305); miR-6926 (SEQ ID NO:4306); miR-6927 (SEQ ID NO:4307); miR-6928 (SEQ ID NO:4308); miR-6929 (SEQ ID NO:4309); miR-6930 (SEQ ID NO:4310); miR-6931 (SEQ ID NO:4311); miR-6932 (SEQ ID NO:4312); miR-6933 (SEQ ID NO:4313); miR-6934 (SEQ ID NO:4314); miR-6935 (SEQ ID NO:4315); miR-6936 (SEQ ID NO:4316); miR-6937 (SEQ ID NO:4317); miR-6938 (SEQ ID NO:4318); miR-6939 (SEQ ID NO:4319); miR-6940 (SEQ ID NO:4320); miR-6941 (SEQ ID NO:4321); miR-6942 (SEQ ID NO:4322); miR-6943 (SEQ ID NO:4323); miR-6944 (SEQ ID NO:4324); miR-6945 (SEQ ID NO:4325); miR-6946 (SEQ ID NO:4326); miR-6947 (SEQ ID NO:4327); miR-6948 (SEQ ID NO:4328); miR-6949 (SEQ ID NO:4329); miR-6950 (SEQ ID NO:4330); miR-6951 (SEQ ID NO:4331); miR-6952 (SEQ ID NO:4332); miR-6953 (SEQ ID NO:4333); miR-6954 (SEQ ID NO:4334); miR-6955 (SEQ ID NO:4335); miR-6956 (SEQ ID NO:4336); miR-6957 (SEQ ID NO:4337); miR-6958 (SEQ ID NO:4338); miR-6959 (SEQ ID NO:4339); miR-6960 (SEQ ID NO:4340); miR-6961 (SEQ ID NO:4341); miR-6962 (SEQ ID NO:4342); miR-6963 (SEQ ID NO:4343); miR-6964 (SEQ ID NO:4344); miR-6965 (SEQ ID NO:4345); miR-6966 (SEQ ID NO:4346); miR-6967 (SEQ ID NO:4347); miR-6968 (SEQ ID NO:4348); miR-6969 (SEQ ID NO:4349); miR-6970 (SEQ ID NO:4350); miR-6971 (SEQ ID NO:4351); miR-6972 (SEQ ID NO:4352); miR-6973a (SEQ ID NO:4353); miR-6973b (SEQ ID NO:4354); miR-6974 (SEQ ID NO:4355); miR-6975 (SEQ ID NO:4356); miR-6976 (SEQ ID NO:4357); miR-6977 (SEQ ID NO:4358); miR-6978 (SEQ ID NO:4359); miR-6979 (SEQ ID NO:4360); miR-6980 (SEQ ID NO:4361); miR-6981 (SEQ ID NO:4362); miR-6982 (SEQ ID NO:4363); miR-6983 (SEQ ID NO:4364); miR-6984 (SEQ ID NO:4365); miR-6985 (SEQ ID NO:4366); miR-6986 (SEQ ID NO:4367); miR-6987 (SEQ ID NO:4368); miR-6988 (SEQ ID NO:4369); miR-6989 (SEQ ID NO:4370); miR-6990 (SEQ ID NO:4371); miR-6991 (SEQ ID NO:4372); miR-6992 (SEQ ID NO:4373); miR-6993 (SEQ ID NO:4374); miR-6994 (SEQ ID NO:4375); miR-6995 (SEQ ID NO:4376); miR-6996 (SEQ ID NO:4377); miR-6997 (SEQ ID NO:4378); miR-6998 (SEQ ID NO:4379); miR-6999 (SEQ ID NO:4380); miR-7000 (SEQ ID NO:4381); miR-7001 (SEQ ID NO:4382); miR-7002 (SEQ ID NO:4383); miR-7003 (SEQ ID NO:4384); miR-7004 (SEQ ID NO:4385); miR-7005 (SEQ ID NO:4386); miR-7006 (SEQ ID NO:4387); miR-7007 (SEQ ID NO:4388); miR-7008 (SEQ ID NO:4389); miR-7009 (SEQ ID NO:4390); miR-7010 (SEQ ID NO:4391); miR-7011 (SEQ ID NO:4392); miR-7012 (SEQ ID NO:4393); miR-7013 (SEQ ID NO:4394); miR-7014 (SEQ ID NO:4395); miR-7015 (SEQ ID NO:4396); miR-7016 (SEQ ID NO:4397); miR-7017 (SEQ ID NO:4398); miR-7018 (SEQ ID NO:4399); miR-7019 (SEQ ID NO:4400); miR-7020 (SEQ ID NO:4401); miR-7021 (SEQ ID NO:4402); miR-7022 (SEQ ID NO:4403); miR-7023 (SEQ ID NO:4404); miR-7024 (SEQ ID NO:4405); miR-7025 (SEQ ID NO:4406); miR-7026 (SEQ ID NO:4407); miR-7027 (SEQ ID NO:4408); miR-7028 (SEQ ID NO:4409); miR-7029 (SEQ ID NO:4410); miR-7030 (SEQ ID NO:4411); miR-7031 (SEQ ID NO:4412); miR-7032 (SEQ ID NO:4413); miR-7033 (SEQ ID NO:4414); miR-7034 (SEQ ID NO:4415); miR-7035 (SEQ ID NO:4416); miR-7036 (SEQ ID NO:4417); miR-7036b (SEQ ID NO:4418); miR-7037 (SEQ ID NO:4419); miR-7038 (SEQ ID NO:4420); miR-7039 (SEQ ID NO:4421); miR-7040 (SEQ ID NO:4422); miR-7041 (SEQ ID NO:4423); miR-7042 (SEQ ID NO:4424); miR-7043 (SEQ ID NO:4425); miR-7044 (SEQ ID NO:4426); miR-7045 (SEQ ID NO:4427); miR-7046 (SEQ ID NO:4428); miR-7047 (SEQ ID NO:4429); miR-7048 (SEQ ID NO:4430); miR-7049 (SEQ ID NO:4431); miR-7050 (SEQ ID NO:4432); miR-7051 (SEQ ID NO:4433); miR-7052 (SEQ ID NO:4434); miR-7053 (SEQ ID NO:4435); miR-7054 (SEQ ID NO:4436); miR-7055 (SEQ ID NO:4437); miR-7056 (SEQ ID NO:4438); miR-7057 (SEQ ID NO:4439); miR-7058 (SEQ ID NO:4440); miR-7059 (SEQ ID NO:4441); miR-7060 (SEQ ID NO:4442); miR-7061 (SEQ ID NO:4443); miR-7062 (SEQ ID NO:4444); miR-7063 (SEQ ID NO:4445); miR-7064 (SEQ ID NO:4446); miR-7065 (SEQ ID NO:4447); miR-7066 (SEQ ID NO:4448); miR-7067 (SEQ ID NO:4449); miR-7068 (SEQ ID NO:4450); miR-7069 (SEQ ID NO:4451); miR-7070 (SEQ ID NO:4452); miR-7071 (SEQ ID NO:4453); miR-7072 (SEQ ID NO:4454); miR-7073 (SEQ ID NO:4455); miR-7074 (SEQ ID NO:4456); miR-7075 (SEQ ID NO:4457); miR-7076 (SEQ ID NO:4458); miR-7077 (SEQ ID NO:4459); miR-7078 (SEQ ID NO:4460); miR-7079 (SEQ ID NO:4461); miR-7080 (SEQ ID NO:4462); miR-7081 (SEQ ID NO:4463); miR-7082 (SEQ ID NO:4464); miR-7083 (SEQ ID NO:4465); miR-7084 (SEQ ID NO:4466); miR-7085 (SEQ ID NO:4467); miR-7086 (SEQ ID NO:4468); miR-7087 (SEQ ID NO:4469); miR-7088 (SEQ ID NO:4470); miR-7089 (SEQ ID NO:4471); miR-7090 (SEQ ID NO:4472); miR-7091 (SEQ ID NO:4473); miR-7092 (SEQ ID NO:4474); miR-7093 (SEQ ID NO:4475); miR-7094-1 (SEQ ID NO:4476); miR-7094-2 (SEQ ID NO:4477); miR-7115 (SEQ ID NO:4478); miR-7116 (SEQ ID NO:4479); miR-7117 (SEQ ID NO:4480); miR-7118 (SEQ ID NO:4481); miR-7119 (SEQ ID NO:4482); miR-7210 (SEQ ID NO:4483); miR-7211 (SEQ ID NO:4484); miR-7212 (SEQ ID NO:4485); miR-7213 (SEQ ID NO:4486); miR-7214 (SEQ ID NO:4487); miR-7215 (SEQ ID NO:4488); miR-7216 (SEQ ID NO:4489); miR-7217 (SEQ ID NO:4490); miR-7218 (SEQ ID NO:4491); miR-7219 (SEQ ID NO:4492); miR-7220 (SEQ ID NO:4493); miR-7221 (SEQ ID NO:4494); miR-7222 (SEQ ID NO:4495); miR-7223 (SEQ ID NO:4496); miR-7224 (SEQ ID NO:4497); miR-7225 (SEQ ID NO:4498); miR-7226 (SEQ ID NO:4499); miR-7227 (SEQ ID NO:4500); miR-7228 (SEQ ID NO:4501); miR-7229 (SEQ ID NO:4502); miR-7230 (SEQ ID NO:4503); miR-7231 (SEQ ID NO:4504); miR-7232 (SEQ ID NO:4505); miR-7233 (SEQ ID NO:4506); miR-7234 (SEQ ID NO:4507); miR-7235 (SEQ ID NO:4508); miR-7236 (SEQ ID NO:4509); miR-7237 (SEQ ID NO:4510); miR-7238 (SEQ ID NO:4511); miR-7239 (SEQ ID NO:4512); miR-7240 (SEQ ID NO:4513); miR-7241 (SEQ ID NO:4514); miR-7242 (SEQ ID NO:4515); miR-7243 (SEQ ID NO:4516); miR-7578 (SEQ ID NO:4517); miR-7646 (SEQ ID NO:4518); miR-7647 (SEQ ID NO:4519); miR-7648 (SEQ ID NO:4520); miR-7649 (SEQ ID NO:4521); miR-7650 (SEQ ID NO:4522); miR-7651 (SEQ ID NO:4523); miR-7652 (SEQ ID NO:4524); miR-7653 (SEQ ID NO:4525); miR-7654 (SEQ ID NO:4526); miR-7655 (SEQ ID NO:4527); miR-7656 (SEQ ID NO:4528); miR-7657 (SEQ ID NO:4529); miR-7658 (SEQ ID NO:4530); miR-7659 (SEQ ID NO:4531); miR-7660 (SEQ ID NO:4532); miR-7661 (SEQ ID NO:4533); miR-7662 (SEQ ID NO:4534); miR-7663 (SEQ ID NO:4535); miR-7664 (SEQ ID NO:4536); miR-7665 (SEQ ID NO:4537); miR-7666 (SEQ ID NO:4538); miR-7667 (SEQ ID NO:4539); miR-7668 (SEQ ID NO:4540); miR-7669 (SEQ ID NO:4541); miR-7670 (SEQ ID NO:4542); miR-7671 (SEQ ID NO:4543); miR-7672 (SEQ ID NO:4544); miR-7673 (SEQ ID NO:4545); miR-7674 (SEQ ID NO:4546); miR-7675 (SEQ ID NO:4547); miR-7676-1 (SEQ ID NO:4548); miR-7676-2 (SEQ ID NO:4549); miR-7677 (SEQ ID NO:4550); miR-7678 (SEQ ID NO:4551); miR-7679 (SEQ ID NO:4552); miR-7680 (SEQ ID NO:4553); miR-7681 (SEQ ID NO:4554); miR-7682 (SEQ ID NO:4555); miR-7683 (SEQ ID NO:4556); miR-7684 (SEQ ID NO:4557); miR-7685 (SEQ ID NO:4558); miR-7686 (SEQ ID NO:4559); miR-7687 (SEQ ID NO:4560); miR-7688 (SEQ ID NO:4561); miR-7689 (SEQ ID NO:4562); miR-8090 (SEQ ID NO:4563); miR-8091 (SEQ ID NO:4564); miR-8092 (SEQ ID NO:4565); miR-8093 (SEQ ID NO:4566); miR-8094 (SEQ ID NO:4567); miR-8095 (SEQ ID NO:4568); miR-8096 (SEQ ID NO:4569); miR-8097 (SEQ ID NO:4570); miR-8098 (SEQ ID NO:4571); miR-8099-1 (SEQ ID NO:4572); miR-8099-2 (SEQ ID NO:4573); miR-8100 (SEQ ID NO:4574); miR-8101 (SEQ ID NO:4575); miR-8102 (SEQ ID NO:4576); miR-8103 (SEQ ID NO:4577); miR-8104 (SEQ ID NO:4578); miR-8105 (SEQ ID NO:4579); miR-8106 (SEQ ID NO:4580); miR-8107 (SEQ ID NO:4581); miR-8108 (SEQ ID NO:4582); miR-8109 (SEQ ID NO:4583); miR-8110 (SEQ ID NO:4584); miR-8111 (SEQ ID NO:4585); miR-8112 (SEQ ID NO:4586); miR-8113 (SEQ ID NO:4587); miR-8114 (SEQ ID NO:4588); miR-8115 (SEQ ID NO:4589); miR-8116 (SEQ ID NO:4590); miR-8117 (SEQ ID NO:4591); miR-8118 (SEQ ID NO:4592); miR-8119 (SEQ ID NO:4593); and miR-8120 (SEQ ID NO:4594).

[0068] The following rat miRNAs could be used: let-7a-1 (SEQ ID NO:4595); let-7a-2 (SEQ ID NO:4596); let-7b (SEQ ID NO:4597); let-7c-1 (SEQ ID NO:4598); let-7c-2 (SEQ ID NO:4599); let-7d (SEQ ID NO:4600); let-7e (SEQ ID NO:4601); let-7f-1 (SEQ ID NO:4602); let-7f-2 (SEQ ID NO:4603); let-7i (SEQ ID NO:4604); miR-1 (SEQ ID NO:4605); miR-7a-1 (SEQ ID NO:4606); miR-7a-2 (SEQ ID NO:4607); miR-7b (SEQ ID NO:4608); miR-9a-1 (SEQ ID NO:4609); miR-9a-2 (SEQ ID NO:4610); miR-9a-3 (SEQ ID NO:4611); miR-9b-1 (SEQ ID NO:4612); miR-9b-2 (SEQ ID NO:4613); miR-9b-3 (SEQ ID NO:4614); miR-10a (SEQ ID NO:4615); miR-10b (SEQ ID NO:4616); miR-15b (SEQ ID NO:4617); miR-16 (SEQ ID NO:4618); miR-17-1 (SEQ ID NO:4619); miR-17-2 (SEQ ID NO:4620); miR-18a (SEQ ID NO:4621); miR-19a (SEQ ID NO:4622); miR-19b-1 (SEQ ID NO:4623); miR-19b-2 (SEQ ID NO:4624); miR-20a (SEQ ID NO:4625); miR-20b (SEQ ID NO:4626); miR-21 (SEQ ID NO:4627); miR-22 (SEQ ID NO:4628); miR-23a (SEQ ID NO:4629); miR-23b (SEQ ID NO:4630); miR-24-1 (SEQ ID NO:4631); miR-24-2 (SEQ ID NO:4632); miR-25 (SEQ ID NO:4633); miR-26a (SEQ ID NO:4634); miR-26b (SEQ ID NO:4635); miR-27a (SEQ ID NO:4636); miR-27b (SEQ ID NO:4637); miR-28 (SEQ ID NO:4638); miR-29a (SEQ ID NO:4639); miR-29b-1 (SEQ ID NO:4640); miR-29b-2 (SEQ ID NO:4641); miR-29c (SEQ ID NO:4642); miR-30a (SEQ ID NO:4643); miR-30b (SEQ ID NO:4644); miR-30c-1 (SEQ ID NO:4645); miR-30c-2 (SEQ ID NO:4646); miR-30d (SEQ ID NO:4647); miR-30e (SEQ ID NO:4648); miR-31a (SEQ ID NO:4649); miR-31b (SEQ ID NO:4650); miR-32 (SEQ ID NO:4651); miR-33 (SEQ ID NO:4652); miR-34a (SEQ ID NO:4653); miR-34b (SEQ ID NO:4654); miR-34c (SEQ ID NO:4655); miR-92a-1 (SEQ ID NO:4656); miR-92a-2 (SEQ ID NO:4657); miR-92b (SEQ ID NO:4658); miR-93 (SEQ ID NO:4659); miR-96 (SEQ ID NO:4660); miR-98 (SEQ ID NO:4661); miR-99a (SEQ ID NO:4662); miR-99b (SEQ ID NO:4663); miR-100 (SEQ ID NO:4664); miR-101a (SEQ ID NO:4665); miR-101b (SEQ ID NO:4666); miR-103-1 (SEQ ID NO:4667); miR-103-2 (SEQ ID NO:4668); miR-105 (SEQ ID NO:4669); miR-106b (SEQ ID NO:4670); miR-107 (SEQ ID NO:4671); miR-122 (SEQ ID NO:4672); miR-124-1 (SEQ ID NO:4673); miR-124-2 (SEQ ID NO:4674); miR-124-3 (SEQ ID NO:4675); miR-125a (SEQ ID NO:4676); miR-125b-1 (SEQ ID NO:4677); miR-125b-2 (SEQ ID NO:4678); miR-126a (SEQ ID NO:4679); miR-126b (SEQ ID NO:4680); miR-127 (SEQ ID NO:4681); miR-128-1 (SEQ ID NO:4682); miR-128-2 (SEQ ID NO:4683); miR-129-1 (SEQ ID NO:4684); miR-129-2 (SEQ ID NO:4685); miR-130a (SEQ ID NO:4686); miR-130b (SEQ ID NO:4687); miR-132 (SEQ ID NO:4688); miR-133a (SEQ ID NO:4689); miR-133b (SEQ ID NO:4690); miR-133c (SEQ ID NO:4691); miR-134 (SEQ ID NO:4692); miR-135a (SEQ ID NO:4693); miR-135b (SEQ ID NO:4694); miR-136 (SEQ ID NO:4695); miR-137 (SEQ ID NO:4696); miR-138-1 (SEQ ID NO:4697); miR-138-2 (SEQ ID NO:4698); miR-139 (SEQ ID NO:4699); miR-140 (SEQ ID NO:4700); miR-141 (SEQ ID NO:4701); miR-142 (SEQ ID NO:4702); miR-143 (SEQ ID NO:4703); miR-144 (SEQ ID NO:4704); miR-145 (SEQ ID NO:4705); miR-146a (SEQ ID NO:4706); miR-146b (SEQ ID NO:4707); miR-147 (SEQ ID NO:4708); miR-148b (SEQ ID NO:4709); miR-150 (SEQ ID NO:4710); miR-151 (SEQ ID NO:4711); miR-152 (SEQ ID NO:4712); miR-153 (SEQ ID NO:4713); miR-154 (SEQ ID NO:4714); miR-155 (SEQ ID NO:4715); miR-181a-1 (SEQ ID NO:4716); miR-181a-2 (SEQ ID NO:4717); miR-181b-1 (SEQ ID NO:4718); miR-181b-2 (SEQ ID NO:4719); miR-181c (SEQ ID NO:4720); miR-181d (SEQ ID NO:4721); miR-182 (SEQ ID NO:4722); miR-183 (SEQ ID NO:4723); miR-184 (SEQ ID NO:4724); miR-185 (SEQ ID NO:4725); miR-186 (SEQ ID NO:4726); miR-187 (SEQ ID NO:4727); miR-188 (SEQ ID NO:4728); miR-190a (SEQ ID NO:4729); miR-190b (SEQ ID NO:4730); miR-191a (SEQ ID NO:4731); miR-191b (SEQ ID NO:4732); miR-192 (SEQ ID NO:4733); miR-193 (SEQ ID NO:4734); miR-194-1 (SEQ ID NO:4735); miR-194-2 (SEQ ID NO:4736); miR-195 (SEQ ID NO:4737); miR-196a (SEQ ID NO:4738); miR-196b (SEQ ID NO:4739); miR-196c (SEQ ID NO:4740); miR-199a (SEQ ID NO:4741); miR-200a (SEQ ID NO:4742); miR-200b (SEQ ID NO:4743); miR-200c (SEQ ID NO:4744); miR-201 (SEQ ID NO:4745); miR-202 (SEQ ID NO:4746); miR-203a (SEQ ID NO:4747); miR-203b (SEQ ID NO:4748); miR-204 (SEQ ID NO:4749); miR-205 (SEQ ID NO:4750); miR-206 (SEQ ID NO:4751); miR-207 (SEQ ID NO:4752); miR-208a (SEQ ID NO:4753); miR-208b (SEQ ID NO:4754); miR-210 (SEQ ID NO:4755); miR-211 (SEQ ID NO:4756); miR-212 (SEQ ID NO:4757); miR-214 (SEQ ID NO:4758); miR-215 (SEQ ID NO:4759); miR-216a (SEQ ID NO:4760); miR-216b (SEQ ID NO:4761); miR-217 (SEQ ID NO:4762); miR-218a-1 (SEQ ID NO:4763); miR-218a-2 (SEQ ID NO:4764); miR-218b (SEQ ID NO:4765); miR-219a-1 (SEQ ID NO:4766); miR-219a-2 (SEQ ID NO:4767); miR-219b (SEQ ID NO:4768); miR-221 (SEQ ID NO:4769); miR-222 (SEQ ID NO:4770); miR-223 (SEQ ID NO:4771); miR-224 (SEQ ID NO:4772); miR-290 (SEQ ID NO:4773); miR-291a (SEQ ID NO:4774); miR-291b (SEQ ID NO:4775); miR-292 (SEQ ID NO:4776); miR-293 (SEQ ID NO:4777); miR-294 (SEQ ID NO:4778); miR-295-1 (SEQ ID NO:4779); miR-295-2 (SEQ ID NO:4780); miR-296 (SEQ ID NO:4781); miR-297 (SEQ ID NO:4782); miR-298 (SEQ ID NO:4783); miR-299a (SEQ ID NO:4784); miR-299b (SEQ ID NO:4785); miR-300 (SEQ ID NO:4786); miR-301a (SEQ ID NO:4787); miR-301b (SEQ ID NO:4788); miR-320 (SEQ ID NO:4789); miR-322 (SEQ ID NO:4790); miR-323 (SEQ ID NO:4791); miR-324 (SEQ ID NO:4792); miR-325 (SEQ ID NO:4793); miR-326 (SEQ ID NO:4794); miR-327 (SEQ ID NO:4795); miR-328a (SEQ ID NO:4796); miR-328b (SEQ ID NO:4797); miR-329 (SEQ ID NO:4798); miR-330 (SEQ ID NO:4799); miR-331 (SEQ ID NO:4800); miR-335 (SEQ ID NO:4801); miR-336 (SEQ ID NO:4802); miR-337 (SEQ ID NO:4803); miR-338 (SEQ ID NO:4804); miR-339 (SEQ ID NO:4805); miR-340 (SEQ ID NO:4806); miR-341 (SEQ ID NO:4807); miR-342 (SEQ ID NO:4808); miR-343 (SEQ ID NO:4809); miR-344a-1 (SEQ ID NO:4810); miR-344a-2 (SEQ ID NO:4811); miR-344b-1 (SEQ ID NO:4812); miR-344b-2 (SEQ ID NO:4813); miR-344g (SEQ ID NO:4814); miR-344i (SEQ ID NO:4815); miR-345 (SEQ ID NO:4816); miR-346 (SEQ ID NO:4817); miR-347 (SEQ ID NO:4818); miR-349 (SEQ ID NO:4819); miR-350 (SEQ ID NO:4820); miR-351 (SEQ ID NO:4821); miR-352 (SEQ ID NO:4822); miR-361 (SEQ ID NO:4823); miR-362 (SEQ ID NO:4824); miR-363 (SEQ ID NO:4825); miR-365 (SEQ ID NO:4826); miR-369 (SEQ ID NO:4827); miR-370 (SEQ ID NO:4828); miR-374 (SEQ ID NO:4829); miR-375 (SEQ ID NO:4830); miR-376a (SEQ ID NO:4831); miR-376b (SEQ ID NO:4832); miR-376c (SEQ ID NO:4833); miR-377 (SEQ ID NO:4834); miR-378a (SEQ ID NO:4835); miR-378b (SEQ ID NO:4836); miR-379 (SEQ ID NO:4837); miR-380 (SEQ ID NO:4838); miR-381 (SEQ ID NO:4839); miR-382 (SEQ ID NO:4840); miR-383 (SEQ ID NO:4841); miR-384 (SEQ ID NO:4842); miR-409a (SEQ ID NO:4843); miR-409b (SEQ ID NO:4844); miR-410 (SEQ ID NO:4845); miR-411 (SEQ ID NO:4846); miR-412 (SEQ ID NO:4847); miR-421 (SEQ ID NO:4848); miR-423 (SEQ ID NO:4849); miR-425 (SEQ ID NO:4850); miR-429 (SEQ ID NO:4851); miR-431 (SEQ ID NO:4852); miR-433 (SEQ ID NO:4853); miR-434 (SEQ ID NO:4854); miR-448 (SEQ ID NO:4855); miR-449a (SEQ ID NO:4856); miR-449c (SEQ ID NO:4857); miR-450a (SEQ ID NO:4858); miR-451 (SEQ ID NO:4859); miR-455 (SEQ ID NO:4860); miR-463 (SEQ ID NO:4861); miR-465 (SEQ ID NO:4862); miR-466b-1 (SEQ ID NO:4863); miR-466b-2 (SEQ ID NO:4864); miR-466c (SEQ ID NO:4865); miR-466d (SEQ ID NO:4866); miR-471 (SEQ ID NO:4867); miR-483 (SEQ ID NO:4868); miR-484 (SEQ ID NO:4869); miR-485 (SEQ ID NO:4870); miR-487b (SEQ ID NO:4871); miR-488 (SEQ ID NO:4872); miR-489 (SEQ ID NO:4873); miR-490 (SEQ ID NO:4874); miR-493 (SEQ ID NO:4875); miR-494 (SEQ ID NO:4876); miR-495 (SEQ ID NO:4877); miR-496 (SEQ ID NO:4878); miR-497 (SEQ ID NO:4879); miR-499 (SEQ ID NO:4880); miR-500 (SEQ ID NO:4881); miR-501 (SEQ ID NO:4882); miR-503 (SEQ ID NO:4883); miR-504 (SEQ ID NO:4884); miR-505 (SEQ ID NO:4885); miR-509 (SEQ ID NO:4886); miR-511 (SEQ ID NO:4887); miR-532 (SEQ ID NO:4888); miR-539 (SEQ ID NO:4889); miR-540 (SEQ ID NO:4890); miR-541 (SEQ ID NO:4891); miR-542 (SEQ ID NO:4892); miR-543 (SEQ ID NO:4893); miR-544 (SEQ ID NO:4894); miR-547 (SEQ ID NO:4895); miR-551b (SEQ ID NO:4896); miR-568 (SEQ ID NO:4897); miR-582 (SEQ ID NO:4898); miR-592 (SEQ ID NO:4899); miR-598 (SEQ ID NO:4900); miR-615 (SEQ ID NO:4901); miR-628 (SEQ ID NO:4902); miR-632 (SEQ ID NO:4903); miR-652 (SEQ ID NO:4904); miR-653 (SEQ ID NO:4905); miR-664-1 (SEQ ID NO:4906); miR-664-2 (SEQ ID NO:4907); miR-665 (SEQ ID NO:4908); miR-666 (SEQ ID NO:4909); miR-667 (SEQ ID NO:4910); miR-668 (SEQ ID NO:4911); miR-671 (SEQ ID NO:4912); miR-672 (SEQ ID NO:4913); miR-673 (SEQ ID NO:4914); miR-674 (SEQ ID NO:4915); miR-675 (SEQ ID NO:4916); miR-678 (SEQ ID NO:4917); miR-679 (SEQ ID NO:4918); miR-702 (SEQ ID NO:4919); miR-708 (SEQ ID NO:4920); miR-711 (SEQ ID NO:4921); miR-741 (SEQ ID NO:4922); miR-742 (SEQ ID NO:4923); miR-743a (SEQ ID NO:4924); miR-743b (SEQ ID NO:4925); miR-758 (SEQ ID NO:4926); miR-759 (SEQ ID NO:4927); miR-760 (SEQ ID NO:4928); miR-761 (SEQ ID NO:4929); miR-764 (SEQ ID NO:4930); miR-770 (SEQ ID NO:4931); miR-802 (SEQ ID NO:4932); miR-871 (SEQ ID NO:4933); miR-872 (SEQ ID NO:4934); miR-873 (SEQ ID NO:4935); miR-874 (SEQ ID NO:4936); miR-875 (SEQ ID NO:4937); miR-876 (SEQ ID NO:4938); miR-877 (SEQ ID NO:4939); miR-878 (SEQ ID NO:4940); miR-879 (SEQ ID NO:4941); miR-880 (SEQ ID NO:4942); miR-881 (SEQ ID NO:4943); miR-883 (SEQ ID NO:4944); miR-935 (SEQ ID NO:4945); miR-1188 (SEQ ID NO:4946); miR-1193 (SEQ ID NO:4947); miR-1199 (SEQ ID NO:4948); miR-1224 (SEQ ID NO:4949); miR-1249 (SEQ ID NO:4950); miR-1298 (SEQ ID NO:4951); miR-1306 (SEQ ID NO:4952); miR-1839 (SEQ ID NO:4953); miR-1843 (SEQ ID NO:4954); miR-1912 (SEQ ID NO:4955); miR-1949 (SEQ ID NO:4956); miR-2985 (SEQ ID NO:4957); miR-3065 (SEQ ID NO:4958); miR-3068 (SEQ ID NO:4959); miR-3072 (SEQ ID NO:4960); miR-3074 (SEQ ID NO:4961); miR-3075 (SEQ ID NO:4962); miR-3085 (SEQ ID NO:4963); miR-3099 (SEQ ID NO:4964); miR-3102 (SEQ ID NO:4965); miR-3120 (SEQ ID NO:4966); miR-3473 (SEQ ID NO:4967); miR-3541 (SEQ ID NO:4968); miR-3542 (SEQ ID NO:4969); miR-3543 (SEQ ID NO:4970); miR-3544 (SEQ ID NO:4971); miR-3546 (SEQ ID NO:4972); miR-3547 (SEQ ID NO:4973); miR-3548 (SEQ ID NO:4974); miR-3549 (SEQ ID NO:4975); miR-3550 (SEQ ID NO:4976); miR-3551 (SEQ ID NO:4977); miR-3552 (SEQ ID NO:4978); miR-3553 (SEQ ID NO:4979); miR-3556a (SEQ ID NO:4980); miR-3556b (SEQ ID NO:4981); miR-3557 (SEQ ID NO:4982); miR-3558 (SEQ ID NO:4983); miR-3559 (SEQ ID NO:4984); miR-3560 (SEQ ID NO:4985); miR-3561 (SEQ ID NO:4986); miR-3562 (SEQ ID NO:4987); miR-3564 (SEQ ID NO:4988); miR-3566 (SEQ ID NO:4989); miR-3568 (SEQ ID NO:4990); miR-3569 (SEQ ID NO:4991); miR-3570 (SEQ ID NO:4992); miR-3571 (SEQ ID NO:4993); miR-3572 (SEQ ID NO:4994); miR-3573 (SEQ ID NO:4995); miR-3574 (SEQ ID NO:4996); miR-3575 (SEQ ID NO:4997); miR-3576 (SEQ ID NO:4998); miR-3577 (SEQ ID NO:4999); miR-3578 (SEQ ID NO:5000); miR-3579 (SEQ ID NO:5001); miR-3580 (SEQ ID NO:5002); miR-3583 (SEQ ID NO:5003); miR-3584 (SEQ ID NO:5004); miR-3585 (SEQ ID NO:5005); miR-3586 (SEQ ID NO:5006); miR-3587 (SEQ ID NO:5007); miR-3588 (SEQ ID NO:5008); miR-3589 (SEQ ID NO:5009); miR-3590 (SEQ ID NO:5010); miR-3591 (SEQ ID NO:5011); miR-3592 (SEQ ID NO:5012); miR-3593 (SEQ ID NO:5013); miR-3594 (SEQ ID NO:5014); miR-3595 (SEQ ID NO:5015); miR-3596a (SEQ ID NO:5016); miR-3596b (SEQ ID NO:5017); miR-3596c (SEQ ID NO:5018); miR-3596d (SEQ ID NO:5019); miR-6215 (SEQ ID NO:5020); miR-6216 (SEQ ID NO:5021); miR-6314 (SEQ ID NO:5022); miR-6315 (SEQ ID NO:5023); miR-6316 (SEQ ID NO:5024); miR-6317 (SEQ ID NO:5025); miR-6318 (SEQ ID NO:5026); miR-6319 (SEQ ID NO:5027); miR-6320 (SEQ ID NO:5028); miR-6321 (SEQ ID NO:5029); miR-6322 (SEQ ID NO:5030); miR-6323 (SEQ ID NO:5031); miR-6324 (SEQ ID NO:5032); miR-6325 (SEQ ID NO:5033); miR-6326 (SEQ ID NO:5034); miR-6327 (SEQ ID NO:5035); miR-6328 (SEQ ID NO:5036); miR-6329 (SEQ ID NO:5037); miR-6330 (SEQ ID NO:5038); miR-6331 (SEQ ID NO:5039); miR-6332 (SEQ ID NO:5040); miR-6333 (SEQ ID NO:5041); miR-6334 (SEQ ID NO:5042); and miR-7578 (SEQ ID NO:5043).

[0069] The following fruit fly miRNAs could be used: bantam (SEQ ID NO:5044); let-7 (SEQ ID NO:5045); miR-1 (SEQ ID NO:5046); miR-2a-1 (SEQ ID NO:5047); miR-2a-2 (SEQ ID NO:5048); miR-2b-1 (SEQ ID NO:5049); miR-2b-2 (SEQ ID NO:5050); miR-2c (SEQ ID NO:5051); miR-3 (SEQ ID NO:5052); miR-4 (SEQ ID NO:5053); miR-5 (SEQ ID NO:5054); miR-6-1 (SEQ ID NO:5055); miR-6-2 (SEQ ID NO:5056); miR-6-3 (SEQ ID NO:5057); miR-7 (SEQ ID NO:5058); miR-8 (SEQ ID NO:5059); miR-9a (SEQ ID NO:5060); miR-9b (SEQ ID NO:5061); miR-9c (SEQ ID NO:5062); miR-10 (SEQ ID NO:5063); miR-11 (SEQ ID NO:5064); miR-12 (SEQ ID NO:5065); miR-13a (SEQ ID NO:5066); miR-13b-1 (SEQ ID NO:5067); miR-13b-2 (SEQ ID NO:5068); miR-14 (SEQ ID NO:5069); miR-31a (SEQ ID NO:5070); miR-31b (SEQ ID NO:5071); miR-33 (SEQ ID NO:5072); miR-34 (SEQ ID NO:5073); miR-79 (SEQ ID NO:5074); miR-87 (SEQ ID NO:5075); miR-92a (SEQ ID NO:5076); miR-92b (SEQ ID NO:5077); miR-100 (SEQ ID NO:5078); miR-124 (SEQ ID NO:5079); miR-125 (SEQ ID NO:5080); miR-133 (SEQ ID NO:5081); miR-137 (SEQ ID NO:5082); miR-184 (SEQ ID NO:5083); miR-190 (SEQ ID NO:5084); miR-193 (SEQ ID NO:5085); miR-210 (SEQ ID NO:5086); miR-219 (SEQ ID NO:5087); miR-252 (SEQ ID NO:5088); miR-263a (SEQ ID NO:5089); miR-263b (SEQ ID NO:5090); miR-274 (SEQ ID NO:5091); miR-275 (SEQ ID NO:5092); miR-276a (SEQ ID NO:5093); miR-276b (SEQ ID NO:5094); miR-277 (SEQ ID NO:5095); miR-278 (SEQ ID NO:5096); miR-279 (SEQ ID NO:5097); miR-280 (SEQ ID NO:5098); miR-281-1 (SEQ ID NO:5099); miR-281-2 (SEQ ID NO:5100); miR-282 (SEQ ID NO:5101); miR-283 (SEQ ID NO:5102); miR-284 (SEQ ID NO:5103); miR-285 (SEQ ID NO:5104); miR-286 (SEQ ID NO:5105); miR-287 (SEQ ID NO:5106); miR-288 (SEQ ID NO:5107); miR-289 (SEQ ID NO:5108); miR-303 (SEQ ID NO:5109); miR-304 (SEQ ID NO:5110); miR-305 (SEQ ID NO:5111); miR-306 (SEQ ID NO:5112); miR-307a (SEQ ID NO:5113); miR-307b (SEQ ID NO:5114); miR-308 (SEQ ID NO:5115); miR-309 (SEQ ID NO:5116); miR-310 (SEQ ID NO:5117); miR-311 (SEQ ID NO:5118); miR-312 (SEQ ID NO:5119); miR-313 (SEQ ID NO:5120); miR-314 (SEQ ID NO:5121); miR-315 (SEQ ID NO:5122); miR-316 (SEQ ID NO:5123); miR-317 (SEQ ID NO:5124); miR-318 (SEQ ID NO:5125); miR-375 (SEQ ID NO:5126); miR-927 (SEQ ID NO:5127); miR-929 (SEQ ID NO:5128); miR-932 (SEQ ID NO:5129); miR-954 (SEQ ID NO:5130); miR-955 (SEQ ID NO:5131); miR-956 (SEQ ID NO:5132); miR-957 (SEQ ID NO:5133); miR-958 (SEQ ID NO:5134); miR-959 (SEQ ID NO:5135); miR-960 (SEQ ID NO:5136); miR-961 (SEQ ID NO:5137); miR-962 (SEQ ID NO:5138); miR-963 (SEQ ID NO:5139); miR-964 (SEQ ID NO:5140); miR-965 (SEQ ID NO:5141); miR-966 (SEQ ID NO:5142); miR-967 (SEQ ID NO:5143); miR-968 (SEQ ID NO:5144); miR-969 (SEQ ID NO:5145); miR-970 (SEQ ID NO:5146); miR-971 (SEQ ID NO:5147); miR-972 (SEQ ID NO:5148); miR-973 (SEQ ID NO:5149); miR-974 (SEQ ID NO:5150); miR-975 (SEQ ID NO:5151); miR-976 (SEQ ID NO:5152); miR-977 (SEQ ID NO:5153); miR-978 (SEQ ID NO:5154); miR-979 (SEQ ID NO:5155); miR-980 (SEQ ID NO:5156); miR-981 (SEQ ID NO:5157); miR-982 (SEQ ID NO:5158); miR-983-1 (SEQ ID NO:5159); miR-983-2 (SEQ ID NO:5160); miR-984 (SEQ ID NO:5161); miR-985 (SEQ ID NO:5162); miR-986 (SEQ ID NO:5163); miR-987 (SEQ ID NO:5164); miR-988 (SEQ ID NO:5165); miR-989 (SEQ ID NO:5166); miR-990 (SEQ ID NO:5167); miR-991 (SEQ ID NO:5168); miR-992 (SEQ ID NO:5169); miR-993 (SEQ ID NO:5170); miR-994 (SEQ ID NO:5171); miR-995 (SEQ ID NO:5172); miR-996 (SEQ ID NO:5173); miR-997 (SEQ ID NO:5174); miR-998 (SEQ ID NO:5175); miR-999 (SEQ ID NO:5176); miR-1000 (SEQ ID NO:5177); miR-1001 (SEQ ID NO:5178); miR-1002 (SEQ ID NO:5179); miR-1003 (SEQ ID NO:5180); miR-1004 (SEQ ID NO:5181); miR-1005 (SEQ ID NO:5182); miR-1006 (SEQ ID NO:5183); miR-1007 (SEQ ID NO:5184); miR-1008 (SEQ ID NO:5185); miR-1009 (SEQ ID NO:5186); miR-1010 (SEQ ID NO:5187); miR-1011 (SEQ ID NO:5188); miR-1012 (SEQ ID NO:5189); miR-1013 (SEQ ID NO:5190); miR-1014 (SEQ ID NO:5191); miR-1015 (SEQ ID NO:5192); miR-1016 (SEQ ID NO:5193); miR-1017 (SEQ ID NO:5194); miR-2279 (SEQ ID NO:5195); miR-2280 (SEQ ID NO:5196); miR-2281 (SEQ ID NO:5197); miR-2282 (SEQ ID NO:5198); miR-2283 (SEQ ID NO:5199); miR-2489 (SEQ ID NO:5200); miR-2490 (SEQ ID NO:5201); miR-2491 (SEQ ID NO:5202); miR-2492 (SEQ ID NO:5203); miR-2493 (SEQ ID NO:5204); miR-2494 (SEQ ID NO:5205); miR-2495 (SEQ ID NO:5206); miR-2496 (SEQ ID NO:5207); miR-2497 (SEQ ID NO:5208); miR-2498 (SEQ ID NO:5209); miR-2499 (SEQ ID NO:5210); miR-2500 (SEQ ID NO:5211); miR-2501 (SEQ ID NO:5212); miR-2535b (SEQ ID NO:5213); miR-3641 (SEQ ID NO:5214); miR-3642 (SEQ ID NO:5215); miR-3643 (SEQ ID NO:5216); miR-3644 (SEQ ID NO:5217); miR-3645 (SEQ ID NO:5218); miR-4908 (SEQ ID NO:5219); miR-4909 (SEQ ID NO:5220); miR-4910 (SEQ ID NO:5221); miR-4911 (SEQ ID NO:5222); miR-4912 (SEQ ID NO:5223); miR-4913 (SEQ ID NO:5224); miR-4914 (SEQ ID NO:5225); miR-4915 (SEQ ID NO:5226); miR-4916 (SEQ ID NO:5227); miR-4917 (SEQ ID NO:5228); miR-4918 (SEQ ID NO:5229); miR-4919 (SEQ ID NO:5230); miR-4939 (SEQ ID NO:5231); miR-4940 (SEQ ID NO:5232); miR-4941 (SEQ ID NO:5233); miR-4942 (SEQ ID NO:5234); miR-4943 (SEQ ID NO:5235); miR-4944 (SEQ ID NO:5236); miR-4945 (SEQ ID NO:5237); miR-4946 (SEQ ID NO:5238); miR-4947 (SEQ ID NO:5239); miR-4948 (SEQ ID NO:5240); miR-4949 (SEQ ID NO:5241); miR-4950 (SEQ ID NO:5242); miR-4951 (SEQ ID NO:5243); miR-4952 (SEQ ID NO:5244); miR-4953 (SEQ ID NO:5245); miR-4954 (SEQ ID NO:5246); miR-4955 (SEQ ID NO:5247); miR-4956 (SEQ ID NO:5248); miR-4957 (SEQ ID NO:5249); miR-4958 (SEQ ID NO:5250); miR-4959 (SEQ ID NO:5251); miR-4960 (SEQ ID NO:5252); miR-4961 (SEQ ID NO:5253); miR-4962 (SEQ ID NO:5254); miR-4963 (SEQ ID NO:5255); miR-4964 (SEQ ID NO:5256); miR-4965 (SEQ ID NO:5257); miR-4966 (SEQ ID NO:5258); miR-4967 (SEQ ID NO:5259); miR-4968 (SEQ ID NO:5260); miR-4969 (SEQ ID NO:5261); miR-4970 (SEQ ID NO:5262); miR-4971 (SEQ ID NO:5263); miR-4972 (SEQ ID NO:5264); miR-4973 (SEQ ID NO:5265); miR-4974 (SEQ ID NO:5266); miR-4975 (SEQ ID NO:5267); miR-4976 (SEQ ID NO:5268); miR-4977 (SEQ ID NO:5269); miR-4978 (SEQ ID NO:5270); miR-4979 (SEQ ID NO:5271); miR-4980 (SEQ ID NO:5272); miR-4981 (SEQ ID NO:5273); miR-4982 (SEQ ID NO:5274); miR-4983 (SEQ ID NO:5275); miR-4984 (SEQ ID NO:5276); miR-4985 (SEQ ID NO:5277); miR-4986 (SEQ ID NO:5278); miR-4987 (SEQ ID NO:5279); miR-iab-4 (SEQ ID NO:5280); and miR-iab-8 (SEQ ID NO:5281).

The following cow miRNA could be used: let-7a-1 (SEQ ID NO:5282); let-7a-2 (SEQ ID NO:5283); let-7a-3 (SEQ ID NO:5284); let-7b (SEQ ID NO:5285); let-7c (SEQ ID NO:5286); let-7d (SEQ ID NO:5287); let-7e (SEQ ID NO:5288); let-7f-1 (SEQ ID NO:5289); let-7f-2 (SEQ ID NO:5290); let-7g (SEQ ID NO:5291); let-7i (SEQ ID NO:5292); miR-1-1 (SEQ ID NO:5293); miR-1-2 (SEQ ID NO:5294); miR-7-1 (SEQ ID NO:5295); miR-7-2 (SEQ ID NO:5296); miR-7-3 (SEQ ID NO:5297); miR-9-1 (SEQ ID NO:5298); miR-9-2 (SEQ ID NO:5299); miR-10a (SEQ ID NO:5300); miR-10b (SEQ ID NO:5301); miR-15a (SEQ ID NO:5302); miR-15b (SEQ ID NO:5303); miR-16a (SEQ ID NO:5304); miR-16b (SEQ ID NO:5305); miR-17 (SEQ ID NO:5306); miR-18a (SEQ ID NO:5307); miR-18b (SEQ ID NO:5308); miR-19a (SEQ ID NO:5309); miR-19b (SEQ ID NO:5310); miR-19b-2 (SEQ ID NO:5311); miR-20a (SEQ ID NO:5312); miR-20b (SEQ ID NO:5313); miR-21 (SEQ ID NO:5314); miR-22 (SEQ ID NO:5315); miR-23a (SEQ ID NO:5316); miR-23b (SEQ ID NO:5317); miR-24-1 (SEQ ID NO:5318); miR-24-2 (SEQ ID NO:5319); miR-25 (SEQ ID NO:5320); miR-26a-1 (SEQ ID NO:5321); miR-26a-2 (SEQ ID NO:5322); miR-26b (SEQ ID NO:5323); miR-26c (SEQ ID NO:5324); miR-27a (SEQ ID NO:5325); miR-27b (SEQ ID NO:5326); miR-28 (SEQ ID NO:5327); miR-29a (SEQ ID NO:5328); miR-29b-1 (SEQ ID NO:5329); miR-29b-2 (SEQ ID NO:5330); miR-29c (SEQ ID NO:5331); miR-29d (SEQ ID NO:5332); miR-29e (SEQ ID NO:5333); miR-30a (SEQ ID NO:5334); miR-30b (SEQ ID NO:5335); miR-30c (SEQ ID NO:5336); miR-30d (SEQ ID NO:5337); miR-30e (SEQ ID NO:5338); miR-30f (SEQ ID NO:5339); miR-31 (SEQ ID NO:5340); miR-32 (SEQ ID NO:5341); miR-33a (SEQ ID NO:5342); miR-33b (SEQ ID NO:5343); miR-34a (SEQ ID NO:5344); miR-34b (SEQ ID NO:5345); miR-34c (SEQ ID NO:5346); miR-92a-1 (SEQ ID NO:5347); miR-92a-2 (SEQ ID NO:5348); miR-92b (SEQ ID NO:5349); miR-93 (SEQ ID NO:5350); miR-95 (SEQ ID NO:5351); miR-96 (SEQ ID NO:5352); miR-98 (SEQ ID NO:5353); miR-99a (SEQ ID NO:5354); miR-99b (SEQ ID NO:5355); miR-100 (SEQ ID NO:5356); miR-101-1 (SEQ ID NO:5357); miR-101-2 (SEQ ID NO:5358); miR-103-1 (SEQ ID NO:5359); miR-103-2 (SEQ ID NO:5360); miR-105a (SEQ ID NO:5361); miR-105b (SEQ ID NO:5362); miR-106a (SEQ ID NO:5363); miR-106b (SEQ ID NO:5364); miR-107 (SEQ ID NO:5365); miR-122 (SEQ ID NO:5366); miR-124a-1 (SEQ ID NO:5367); miR-124a-2 (SEQ ID NO:5368); miR-124b (SEQ ID NO:5369); miR-125a (SEQ ID NO:5370); miR-125b-1 (SEQ ID NO:5371); miR-125b-2 (SEQ ID NO:5372); miR-126 (SEQ ID NO:5373); miR-127 (SEQ ID NO:5374); miR-128-1 (SEQ ID NO:5375); miR-128-2 (SEQ ID NO:5376); miR-129-1 (SEQ ID NO:5377); miR-129-2 (SEQ ID NO:5378); miR-130a (SEQ ID NO:5379); miR-130b (SEQ ID NO:5380); miR-132 (SEQ ID NO:5381); miR-133a-1 (SEQ ID NO:5382); miR-133a-2 (SEQ ID NO:5383); miR-133b (SEQ ID NO:5384); miR-133c (SEQ ID NO:5385); miR-134 (SEQ ID NO:5386); miR-135a-1 (SEQ ID NO:5387); miR-135a-2 (SEQ ID NO:5388); miR-135b (SEQ ID NO:5389); miR-136 (SEQ ID NO:5390); miR-137 (SEQ ID NO:5391); miR-138-1 (SEQ ID NO:5392); miR-138-2 (SEQ ID NO:5393); miR-139 (SEQ ID NO:5394); miR-140 (SEQ ID NO:5395); miR-141 (SEQ ID NO:5396); miR-142 (SEQ ID NO:5397); miR-143 (SEQ ID NO:5398); miR-144 (SEQ ID NO:5399); miR-145 (SEQ ID NO:5400); miR-146a (SEQ ID NO:5401); miR-146b (SEQ ID NO:5402); miR-147 (SEQ ID NO:5403); miR-148a (SEQ ID NO:5404); miR-148b (SEQ ID NO:5405); miR-149 (SEQ ID NO:5406); miR-150 (SEQ ID NO:5407); miR-151 (SEQ ID NO:5408); miR-152 (SEQ ID NO:5409); miR-153-1 (SEQ ID NO:5410); miR-153-2 (SEQ ID NO:5411); miR-154a (SEQ ID NO:5412); miR-154b (SEQ ID NO:5413); miR-154c (SEQ ID NO:5414); miR-155 (SEQ ID NO:5415); miR-181a-1 (SEQ ID NO:5416); miR-181a-2 (SEQ ID NO:5417); miR-181b-1 (SEQ ID NO:5418); miR-181b-2 (SEQ ID NO:5419); miR-181c (SEQ ID NO:5420); miR-181d (SEQ ID NO:5421); miR-182 (SEQ ID NO:5422); miR-183 (SEQ ID NO:5423); miR-184 (SEQ ID NO:5424); miR-185 (SEQ ID NO:5425); miR-186 (SEQ ID NO:5426); miR-187 (SEQ ID NO:5427); miR-188 (SEQ ID NO:5428); miR-190a (SEQ ID NO:5429); miR-190b (SEQ ID NO:5430); miR-191 (SEQ ID NO:5431); miR-192 (SEQ ID NO:5432); miR-193a (SEQ ID NO:5433); miR-193a-2 (SEQ ID NO:5434); miR-193b (SEQ ID NO:5435); miR-194-1 (SEQ ID NO:5436); miR-194-2 (SEQ ID NO:5437); miR-195 (SEQ ID NO:5438); miR-196a-1 (SEQ ID NO:5439); miR-196a-2 (SEQ ID NO:5440); miR-196b (SEQ ID NO:5441); miR-197 (SEQ ID NO:5442); miR-199a-1 (SEQ ID NO:5443); miR-199a-2 (SEQ ID NO:5444); miR-199b (SEQ ID NO:5445); miR-199c (SEQ ID NO:5446); miR-200a (SEQ ID NO:5447); miR-200b (SEQ ID NO:5448); miR-200c (SEQ ID NO:5449); miR-202 (SEQ ID NO:5450); miR-204 (SEQ ID NO:5451); miR-205 (SEQ ID NO:5452); miR-206 (SEQ ID NO:5453); miR-208a (SEQ ID NO:5454); miR-208b (SEQ ID NO:5455); miR-210 (SEQ ID NO:5456); miR-211 (SEQ ID NO:5457); miR-212 (SEQ ID NO:5458); miR-214 (SEQ ID NO:5459); miR-215 (SEQ ID NO:5460); miR-216a (SEQ ID NO:5461); miR-216b (SEQ ID NO:5462); miR-217 (SEQ ID NO:5463); miR-218-1 (SEQ ID NO:5464); miR-218-2 (SEQ ID NO:5465); miR-219 (SEQ ID NO:5466); miR-219-2 (SEQ ID NO:5467); miR-221 (SEQ ID NO:5468); miR-222 (SEQ ID NO:5469); miR-223 (SEQ ID NO:5470); miR-224 (SEQ ID NO:5471); miR-296 (SEQ ID NO:5472); miR-299 (SEQ ID NO:5473); miR-301a (SEQ ID NO:5474); miR-301b (SEQ ID NO:5475); miR-302a (SEQ ID NO:5476); miR-302b (SEQ ID NO:5477); miR-302c (SEQ ID NO:5478); miR-302d (SEQ ID NO:5479); miR-320a-1 (SEQ ID NO:5480); miR-320a-2 (SEQ ID NO:5481); miR-320b (SEQ ID NO:5482); miR-323 (SEQ ID NO:5483); miR-324 (SEQ ID NO:5484); miR-326 (SEQ ID NO:5485); miR-328 (SEQ ID NO:5486); miR-329a (SEQ ID NO:5487); miR-329b (SEQ ID NO:5488); miR-330 (SEQ ID NO:5489); miR-331 (SEQ ID NO:5490); miR-335 (SEQ ID NO:5491); miR-338 (SEQ ID NO:5492); miR-339a (SEQ ID NO:5493); miR-339b (SEQ ID NO:5494); miR-340 (SEQ ID NO:5495); miR-342 (SEQ ID NO:5496); miR-345 (SEQ ID NO:5497); miR-346 (SEQ ID NO:5498); miR-361 (SEQ ID NO:5499); miR-362 (SEQ ID NO:5500); miR-363 (SEQ ID NO:5501); miR-365-1 (SEQ ID NO:5502); miR-365-2 (SEQ ID NO:5503); miR-367 (SEQ ID NO:5504); miR-369 (SEQ ID NO:5505); miR-370 (SEQ ID NO:5506); miR-371 (SEQ ID NO:5507); miR-374a (SEQ ID NO:5508); miR-374b (SEQ ID NO:5509); miR-375 (SEQ ID NO:5510); miR-376a (SEQ ID NO:5511); miR-376b (SEQ ID NO:5512); miR-376c (SEQ ID NO:5513); miR-376d (SEQ ID NO:5514); miR-376e (SEQ ID NO:5515); miR-377 (SEQ ID NO:5516); miR-378-1 (SEQ ID NO:5517); miR-378-2 (SEQ ID NO:5518); miR-378b (SEQ ID NO:5519); miR-378c (SEQ ID NO:5520); miR-379 (SEQ ID NO:5521); miR-380 (SEQ ID NO:5522); miR-381 (SEQ ID NO:5523); miR-382 (SEQ ID NO:5524); miR-383 (SEQ ID NO:5525); miR-409a (SEQ ID NO:5526); miR-409b (SEQ ID NO:5527); miR-410 (SEQ ID NO:5528); miR-411a (SEQ ID NO:5529); miR-411b (SEQ ID NO:5530); miR-411c (SEQ ID NO:5531); miR-412 (SEQ ID NO:5532); miR-421 (SEQ ID NO:5533); miR-423 (SEQ ID NO:5534); miR-424 (SEQ ID NO:5535); miR-425 (SEQ ID NO:5536); miR-429 (SEQ ID NO:5537); miR-431 (SEQ ID NO:5538); miR-432 (SEQ ID NO:5539); miR-433 (SEQ ID NO:5540); miR-448 (SEQ ID NO:5541); miR-449a (SEQ ID NO:5542); miR-449b (SEQ ID NO:5543); miR-449c (SEQ ID NO:5544); miR-449d (SEQ ID NO:5545); miR-450a-1 (SEQ ID NO:5546); miR-450a-2 (SEQ ID NO:5547); miR-450b (SEQ ID NO:5548); miR-451 (SEQ ID NO:5549); miR-452 (SEQ ID NO:5550); miR-453 (SEQ ID NO:5551); miR-454 (SEQ ID NO:5552); miR-455 (SEQ ID NO:5553); miR-483 (SEQ ID NO:5554); miR-484 (SEQ ID NO:5555); miR-485 (SEQ ID NO:5556); miR-486 (SEQ ID NO:5557); miR-487a (SEQ ID NO:5558); miR-487b (SEQ ID NO:5559); miR-488 (SEQ ID NO:5560); miR-489 (SEQ ID NO:5561); miR-490 (SEQ ID NO:5562); miR-491 (SEQ ID NO:5563); miR-493 (SEQ ID NO:5564); miR-494 (SEQ ID NO:5565); miR-495 (SEQ ID NO:5566); miR-496 (SEQ ID NO:5567); miR-497 (SEQ ID NO:5568); miR-499 (SEQ ID NO:5569); miR-500 (SEQ ID NO:5570); miR-502a-1 (SEQ ID NO:5571); miR-502a-2 (SEQ ID NO:5572); miR-502b (SEQ ID NO:5573); miR-503 (SEQ ID NO:5574); miR-504 (SEQ ID NO:5575); miR-505 (SEQ ID NO:5576); miR-532 (SEQ ID NO:5577); miR-539 (SEQ ID NO:5578); miR-541 (SEQ ID NO:5579); miR-542 (SEQ ID NO:5580); miR-543 (SEQ ID NO:5581); miR-544a (SEQ ID NO:5582); miR-544b-1 (SEQ ID NO:5583); miR-544b-2 (SEQ ID NO:5584); miR-545 (SEQ ID NO:5585); miR-551a (SEQ ID NO:5586); miR-551b (SEQ ID NO:5587); miR-562 (SEQ ID NO:5588); miR-568 (SEQ ID NO:5589); miR-574 (SEQ ID NO:5590); miR-582 (SEQ ID NO:5591); miR-584-1 (SEQ ID NO:5592); miR-584-2 (SEQ ID NO:5593); miR-584-3 (SEQ ID NO:5594); miR-584-4 (SEQ ID NO:5595); miR-584-5 (SEQ ID NO:5596); miR-584-6 (SEQ ID NO:5597); miR-584-7 (SEQ ID NO:5598); miR-584-8 (SEQ ID NO:5599); miR-592 (SEQ ID NO:5600); miR-599 (SEQ ID NO:5601); miR-615 (SEQ ID NO:5602); miR-628 (SEQ ID NO:5603); miR-631 (SEQ ID NO:5604); miR-652 (SEQ ID NO:5605); miR-653 (SEQ ID NO:5606); miR-654 (SEQ ID NO:5607); miR-655 (SEQ ID NO:5608); miR-656 (SEQ ID NO:5609); miR-658 (SEQ ID NO:5610); miR-660 (SEQ ID NO:5611); miR-664 (SEQ ID NO:5612); miR-664b (SEQ ID NO:5613); miR-665 (SEQ ID NO:5614); miR-669 (SEQ ID NO:5615); miR-670 (SEQ ID NO:5616); miR-671 (SEQ ID NO:5617); miR-677 (SEQ ID NO:5618); miR-708 (SEQ ID NO:5619); miR-744 (SEQ ID NO:5620); miR-758 (SEQ ID NO:5621); miR-759 (SEQ ID NO:5622); miR-760 (SEQ ID NO:5623); miR-761 (SEQ ID NO:5624); miR-763 (SEQ ID NO:5625); miR-764 (SEQ ID NO:5626); miR-767 (SEQ ID NO:5627); miR-769 (SEQ ID NO:5628); miR-873 (SEQ ID NO:5629); miR-874 (SEQ ID NO:5630); miR-875 (SEQ ID NO:5631); miR-876 (SEQ ID NO:5632); miR-877 (SEQ ID NO:5633); miR-885 (SEQ ID NO:5634); miR-935 (SEQ ID NO:5635); miR-940 (SEQ ID NO:5636); miR-1179 (SEQ ID NO:5637); miR-1185 (SEQ ID NO:5638); miR-1193 (SEQ ID NO:5639); miR-1197 (SEQ ID NO:5640); miR-1224 (SEQ ID NO:5641); miR-1225 (SEQ ID NO:5642); miR-1246 (SEQ ID NO:5643); miR-1247 (SEQ ID NO:5644); miR-1248-1 (SEQ ID NO:5645); miR-1248-2 (SEQ ID NO:5646); miR-1249 (SEQ ID NO:5647); miR-1251 (SEQ ID NO:5648); miR-1256 (SEQ ID NO:5649); miR-1260b (SEQ ID NO:5650); miR-1271 (SEQ ID NO:5651); miR-1277 (SEQ ID NO:5652); miR-1281 (SEQ ID NO:5653); miR-1282 (SEQ ID NO:5654); miR-1284 (SEQ ID NO:5655); miR-1287 (SEQ ID NO:5656); miR-1291 (SEQ ID NO:5657); miR-1296 (SEQ ID NO:5658); miR-1298 (SEQ ID NO:5659); miR-1301 (SEQ ID NO:5660); miR-1306 (SEQ ID NO:5661); miR-1307 (SEQ ID NO:5662); miR-1343 (SEQ ID NO:5663); miR-1388 (SEQ ID NO:5664); miR-1434 (SEQ ID NO:5665); miR-1468 (SEQ ID NO:5666); miR-1584 (SEQ ID NO:5667); miR-1603 (SEQ ID NO:5668); miR-1721 (SEQ ID NO:5669); miR-1777a (SEQ ID NO:5670); miR-1777b (SEQ ID NO:5671); miR-1814a (SEQ ID NO:5672); miR-1814b (SEQ ID NO:5673); miR-1814c (SEQ ID NO:5674); miR-1835 (SEQ ID NO:5675); miR-1839 (SEQ ID NO:5676); miR-1843 (SEQ ID NO:5677); miR-1940 (SEQ ID NO:5678); miR-2284a (SEQ ID NO:5679); miR-2284aa-1 (SEQ ID NO:5680); miR-2284aa-2 (SEQ ID NO:5681); miR-2284aa-3 (SEQ ID NO:5682); miR-2284aa-4 (SEQ ID NO:5683); miR-2284ab (SEQ ID NO:5684); miR-2284ac (SEQ ID NO:5685); miR-2284b (SEQ ID NO:5686); miR-2284c (SEQ ID NO:5687); miR-2284d (SEQ ID NO:5688); miR-2284e (SEQ ID NO:5689); miR-2284f (SEQ ID NO:5690); miR-2284g (SEQ ID NO:5691); miR-2284h (SEQ ID NO:5692); miR-2284i (SEQ ID NO:5693); miR-2284j (SEQ ID NO:5694); miR-2284k (SEQ ID NO:5695); miR-2284l (SEQ ID NO:5696); miR-2284m (SEQ ID NO:5697); miR-2284n (SEQ ID NO:5698); miR-2284o (SEQ ID NO:5699); miR-2284p (SEQ ID NO:5700); miR-2284q (SEQ ID NO:5701); miR-2284r (SEQ ID NO:5702); miR-2284s (SEQ ID NO:5703); miR-2284t (SEQ ID NO:5704); miR-2284u (SEQ ID NO:5705); miR-2284v (SEQ ID NO:5706); miR-2284w (SEQ ID NO:5707); miR-2284x (SEQ ID NO:5708); miR-2284y-1 (SEQ ID NO:5709); miR-2284y-2 (SEQ ID NO:5710); miR-2284y-3 (SEQ ID NO:5711); miR-2284y-4 (SEQ ID NO:5712); miR-2284y-5 (SEQ ID NO:5713); miR-2284y-6 (SEQ ID NO:5714); miR-2284y-7 (SEQ ID NO:5715); miR-2284z-1 (SEQ ID NO:5716); miR-2284z-2 (SEQ ID NO:5717); miR-2284z-3 (SEQ ID NO:5718); miR-2284z-4 (SEQ ID NO:5719); miR-2284z-5 (SEQ ID NO:5720); miR-2284z-6 (SEQ ID NO:5721); miR-2284z-7 (SEQ ID NO:5722); miR-2285a (SEQ ID NO:5723); miR-2285aa (SEQ ID NO:5724); miR-2285ab (SEQ ID NO:5725); miR-2285ac (SEQ ID NO:5726); miR-2285ad (SEQ ID NO:5727); miR-2285ae (SEQ ID NO:5728); miR-2285af-1 (SEQ ID NO:5729); miR-2285af-2 (SEQ ID NO:5730); miR-2285b-1 (SEQ ID NO:5731); miR-2285b-2 (SEQ ID NO:5732); miR-2285c (SEQ ID NO:5733); miR-2285d (SEQ ID NO:5734); miR-2285e-1 (SEQ ID NO:5735); miR-2285e-2 (SEQ ID NO:5736); miR-2285f-1 (SEQ ID NO:5737); miR-2285f-2 (SEQ ID NO:5738); miR-2285g-1 (SEQ ID NO:5739); miR-2285g-2 (SEQ ID NO:5740); miR-2285g-3 (SEQ ID NO:5741); miR-2285h (SEQ ID NO:5742); miR-2285i (SEQ ID NO:5743); miR-2285j-1 (SEQ ID NO:5744); miR-2285j-2 (SEQ ID NO:5745); miR-2285k-1 (SEQ ID NO:5746); miR-2285k-2 (SEQ ID NO:5747); miR-2285k-3 (SEQ ID NO:5748); miR-2285k-4 (SEQ ID NO:5749); miR-2285k-5 (SEQ ID NO:5750); miR-2285l (SEQ ID NO:5751); miR-2285m-1 (SEQ ID NO:5752); miR-2285m-2 (SEQ ID NO:5753); miR-2285m-3 (SEQ ID NO:5754); miR-2285m-4 (SEQ ID NO:5755); miR-2285m-5 (SEQ ID NO:5756); miR-2285n-1 (SEQ ID NO:5757); miR-2285n-2 (SEQ ID NO:5758); miR-2285n-3 (SEQ ID NO:5759); miR-2285n-4 (SEQ ID NO:5760); miR-2285n-5 (SEQ ID NO:5761); miR-2285n-6 (SEQ ID NO:5762); miR-2285n-7 (SEQ ID NO:5763); miR-2285o-1 (SEQ ID NO:5764); miR-2285o-2 (SEQ ID NO:5765); miR-2285o-3 (SEQ ID NO:5766); miR-2285o-4 (SEQ ID NO:5767); miR-2285o-5 (SEQ ID NO:5768); miR-2285p (SEQ ID NO:5769); miR-2285q (SEQ ID NO:5770); miR-2285r (SEQ ID NO:5771); miR-2285s (SEQ ID NO:5772); miR-2285t (SEQ ID NO:5773); miR-2285u (SEQ ID NO:5774); miR-2285v (SEQ ID NO:5775); miR-2285w (SEQ ID NO:5776); miR-2285x (SEQ ID NO:5777); miR-2285y (SEQ ID NO:5778); miR-2285z (SEQ ID NO:5779); miR-2286 (SEQ ID NO:5780); miR-2287 (SEQ ID NO:5781); miR-2288 (SEQ ID NO:5782); miR-2289 (SEQ ID NO:5783); miR-2290 (SEQ ID NO:5784); miR-2291 (SEQ ID NO:5785); miR-2292 (SEQ ID NO:5786); miR-2293 (SEQ ID NO:5787); miR-2294 (SEQ ID NO:5788); miR-2295 (SEQ ID NO:5789); miR-2296 (SEQ ID NO:5790); miR-2297 (SEQ ID NO:5791); miR-2298 (SEQ ID NO:5792); miR-2299 (SEQ ID NO:5793); miR-2300a (SEQ ID NO:5794); miR-2300b (SEQ ID NO:5795); miR-2301 (SEQ ID NO:5796); miR-2302 (SEQ ID NO:5797); miR-2303 (SEQ ID NO:5798); miR-2304 (SEQ ID NO:5799); miR-2305 (SEQ ID NO:5800); miR-2306 (SEQ ID NO:5801); miR-2307 (SEQ ID NO:5802); miR-2308 (SEQ ID NO:5803); miR-2309 (SEQ ID NO:5804); miR-2310 (SEQ ID NO:5805); miR-2311 (SEQ ID NO:5806); miR-2312 (SEQ ID NO:5807); miR-2313 (SEQ ID NO:5808); miR-2314 (SEQ ID NO:5809); miR-2315 (SEQ ID NO:5810); miR-2316 (SEQ ID NO:5811); miR-2317 (SEQ ID NO:5812); miR-2318 (SEQ ID NO:5813); miR-2319a (SEQ ID NO:5814); miR-2319b (SEQ ID NO:5815); miR-2320 (SEQ ID NO:5816); miR-2321 (SEQ ID NO:5817); miR-2322 (SEQ ID NO:5818); miR-2323 (SEQ ID NO:5819); miR-2324 (SEQ ID NO:5820); miR-2325a (SEQ ID NO:5821); miR-2325b (SEQ ID NO:5822); miR-2325c (SEQ ID NO:5823); miR-2326 (SEQ ID NO:5824); miR-2327 (SEQ ID NO:5825); miR-2328 (SEQ ID NO:5826); miR-2329-1 (SEQ ID NO:5827); miR-2329-2 (SEQ ID NO:5828); miR-2330 (SEQ ID NO:5829); miR-2331 (SEQ ID NO:5830); miR-2332 (SEQ ID NO:5831); miR-2333 (SEQ ID NO:5832); miR-2334 (SEQ ID NO:5833); miR-2335 (SEQ ID NO:5834); miR-2336 (SEQ ID NO:5835); miR-2337 (SEQ ID NO:5836); miR-2338 (SEQ ID NO:5837); miR-2339 (SEQ ID NO:5838); miR-2340 (SEQ ID NO:5839); miR-2341 (SEQ ID NO:5840); miR-2342 (SEQ ID NO:5841); miR-2343 (SEQ ID NO:5842); miR-2344 (SEQ ID NO:5843); miR-2345 (SEQ ID NO:5844); miR-2346 (SEQ ID NO:5845); miR-2347 (SEQ ID NO:5846); miR-2348 (SEQ ID NO:5847); miR-2349 (SEQ ID NO:5848); miR-2350 (SEQ ID NO:5849); miR-2351 (SEQ ID NO:5850); miR-2352 (SEQ ID NO:5851); miR-2353 (SEQ ID NO:5852); miR-2354 (SEQ ID NO:5853); miR-2355 (SEQ ID NO:5854); miR-2356 (SEQ ID NO:5855); miR-2357 (SEQ ID NO:5856); miR-2358 (SEQ ID NO:5857); miR-2359 (SEQ ID NO:5858); miR-2360 (SEQ ID NO:5859); miR-2361 (SEQ ID NO:5860); miR-2362 (SEQ ID NO:5861); miR-2363-1 (SEQ ID NO:5862); miR-2363-2 (SEQ ID NO:5863); miR-2364 (SEQ ID NO:5864); miR-2365 (SEQ ID NO:5865); miR-2366 (SEQ ID NO:5866); miR-2367 (SEQ ID NO:5867); miR-2368 (SEQ ID NO:5868); miR-2369 (SEQ ID NO:5869); miR-2370 (SEQ ID NO:5870); miR-2371 (SEQ ID NO:5871); miR-2372 (SEQ ID NO:5872); miR-2373 (SEQ ID NO:5873); miR-2374 (SEQ ID NO:5874); miR-2375 (SEQ ID NO:5875); miR-2376 (SEQ ID NO:5876); miR-2377 (SEQ ID NO:5877); miR-2378 (SEQ ID NO:5878); miR-2379 (SEQ ID NO:5879); miR-2380 (SEQ ID NO:5880); miR-2381 (SEQ ID NO:5881); miR-2382 (SEQ ID NO:5882); miR-2383 (SEQ ID NO:5883); miR-2384 (SEQ ID NO:5884); miR-2385 (SEQ ID NO:5885); miR-2386 (SEQ ID NO:5886); miR-2387 (SEQ ID NO:5887); miR-2388 (SEQ ID NO:5888); miR-2389 (SEQ ID NO:5889); miR-2390 (SEQ ID NO:5890); miR-2392 (SEQ ID NO:5891); miR-2393 (SEQ ID NO:5892); miR-2394 (SEQ ID NO:5893); miR-2395 (SEQ ID NO:5894); miR-2396 (SEQ ID NO:5895); miR-2397 (SEQ ID NO:5896); miR-2398 (SEQ ID NO:5897); miR-2399 (SEQ ID NO:5898); miR-2400 (SEQ ID NO:5899); miR-2401 (SEQ ID NO:5900); miR-2402 (SEQ ID NO:5901); miR-2403 (SEQ ID NO:5902); miR-2404-1 (SEQ ID NO:5903); miR-2404-2 (SEQ ID NO:5904); miR-2405 (SEQ ID NO:5905); miR-2406 (SEQ ID NO:5906); miR-2407 (SEQ ID NO:5907); miR-2408 (SEQ ID NO:5908); miR-2409 (SEQ ID NO:5909); miR-2410 (SEQ ID NO:5910); miR-2411 (SEQ ID NO:5911); miR-2412 (SEQ ID NO:5912); miR-2413 (SEQ ID NO:5913); miR-2414 (SEQ ID NO:5914); miR-2415 (SEQ ID NO:5915); miR-2416 (SEQ ID NO:5916); miR-2417 (SEQ ID NO:5917); miR-2418 (SEQ ID NO:5918); miR-2419 (SEQ ID NO:5919); miR-2420 (SEQ ID NO:5920); miR-2421 (SEQ ID NO:5921); miR-2422 (SEQ ID NO:5922); miR-2423 (SEQ ID NO:5923); miR-2424 (SEQ ID NO:5924); miR-2425 (SEQ ID NO:5925); miR-2426 (SEQ ID NO:5926); miR-2427 (SEQ ID NO:5927); miR-2428 (SEQ ID NO:5928); miR-2429 (SEQ ID NO:5929); miR-2430 (SEQ ID NO:5930); miR-2431 (SEQ ID NO:5931); miR-2432 (SEQ ID NO:5932); miR-2433 (SEQ ID NO:5933);

miR-2434 (SEQ ID NO:5934); miR-2435 (SEQ ID NO:5935); miR-2436 (SEQ ID NO:5936); miR-2437 (SEQ ID NO:5937); miR-2438 (SEQ ID NO:5938); miR-2439 (SEQ ID NO:5939); miR-2440 (SEQ ID NO:5940); miR-2441 (SEQ ID NO:5941); miR-2442 (SEQ ID NO:5942); miR-2443 (SEQ ID NO:5943); miR-2444 (SEQ ID NO:5944); miR-2446 (SEQ ID NO:5945); miR-2447 (SEQ ID NO:5946); miR-2448 (SEQ ID NO:5947); miR-2449 (SEQ ID NO:5948); miR-2450a (SEQ ID NO:5949); miR-2450b (SEQ ID NO:5950); miR-2450c (SEQ ID NO:5951); miR-2451 (SEQ ID NO:5952); miR-2452 (SEQ ID NO:5953); miR-2453 (SEQ ID NO:5954); miR-2454 (SEQ ID NO:5955); miR-2455 (SEQ ID NO:5956); miR-2456 (SEQ ID NO:5957); miR-2457 (SEQ ID NO:5958); miR-2458 (SEQ ID NO:5959); miR-2459 (SEQ ID NO:5960); miR-2460 (SEQ ID NO:5961); miR-2461 (SEQ ID NO:5962); miR-2462 (SEQ ID NO:5963); miR-2463 (SEQ ID NO:5964); miR-2464 (SEQ ID NO:5965); miR-2465 (SEQ ID NO:5966); miR-2466 (SEQ ID NO:5967); miR-2467 (SEQ ID NO:5968); miR-2468 (SEQ ID NO:5969); miR-2469 (SEQ ID NO:5970); miR-2470 (SEQ ID NO:5971); miR-2471 (SEQ ID NO:5972); miR-2472 (SEQ ID NO:5973); miR-2473 (SEQ ID NO:5974); miR-2474 (SEQ ID NO:5975); miR-2475 (SEQ ID NO:5976); miR-2477 (SEQ ID NO:5977); miR-2478 (SEQ ID NO:5978); miR-2479 (SEQ ID NO:5979); miR-2480 (SEQ ID NO:5980); miR-2481 (SEQ ID NO:5981); miR-2482 (SEQ ID NO:5982); miR-2483 (SEQ ID NO:5983); miR-2484 (SEQ ID NO:5984); miR-2485 (SEQ ID NO:5985); miR-2486 (SEQ ID NO:5986); miR-2487 (SEQ ID NO:5987); miR-2488 (SEQ ID NO:5988); miR-2489 (SEQ ID NO:5989); miR-2881 (SEQ ID NO:5990); miR-2882 (SEQ ID NO:5991); miR-2883 (SEQ ID NO:5992); miR-2885 (SEQ ID NO:5993); miR-2886 (SEQ ID NO:5994); miR-2887-1 (SEQ ID NO:5995); miR-2887-2 (SEQ ID NO:5996); miR-2888-1 (SEQ ID NO:5997); miR-2888-2 (SEQ ID NO:5998); miR-2889 (SEQ ID NO:5999); miR-2890 (SEQ ID NO:6000); miR-2891 (SEQ ID NO:6001); miR-2892 (SEQ ID NO:6002); miR-2893 (SEQ ID NO:6003); miR-2894 (SEQ ID NO:6004); miR-2895 (SEQ ID NO:6005); miR-2896 (SEQ ID NO:6006); miR-2897 (SEQ ID NO:6007); miR-2898 (SEQ ID NO:6008); miR-2899 (SEQ ID NO:6009); miR-2900 (SEQ ID NO:6010); miR-2901 (SEQ ID NO:6011); miR-2902 (SEQ ID NO:6012); miR-2903 (SEQ ID NO:6013); miR-2904-1 (SEQ ID NO:6014); miR-2904-2 (SEQ ID NO:6015); miR-2904-3 (SEQ ID NO:6016); miR-2917 (SEQ ID NO:6017); miR-2957 (SEQ ID NO:6018); miR-3120 (SEQ ID NO:6019); miR-3141 (SEQ ID NO:6020); miR-3154 (SEQ ID NO:6021); miR-3431 (SEQ ID NO:6022); miR-3432-1 (SEQ ID NO:6023); miR-3432-2 (SEQ ID NO:6024); miR-3578 (SEQ ID NO:6025); miR-3596 (SEQ ID NO:6026); miR-3600 (SEQ ID NO:6027); miR-3601 (SEQ ID NO:6028); miR-3602 (SEQ ID NO:6029); miR-3604-1 (SEQ ID NO:6030); miR-3604-2 (SEQ ID NO:6031); miR-3613 (SEQ ID NO:6032); miR-3613b (SEQ ID NO:6033); miR-3660 (SEQ ID NO:6034); miR-3956 (SEQ ID NO:6035); miR-3957 (SEQ ID NO:6036); miR-4286-1 (SEQ ID NO:6037); miR-4286-2 (SEQ ID NO:6038); miR-6119 (SEQ ID NO:6039); miR-6120 (SEQ ID NO:6040); miR-6121 (SEQ ID NO:6041); miR-6122 (SEQ ID NO:6042); miR-6123 (SEQ ID NO:6043); miR-6516 (SEQ ID NO:6044); miR-6517 (SEQ ID NO:6045); miR-6518 (SEQ ID NO:6046); miR-6519 (SEQ ID NO:6047); miR-6520 (SEQ ID NO:6048); miR-6521 (SEQ ID NO:6049); miR-6522 (SEQ ID NO:6050); miR-6523 (SEQ ID NO:6051); miR-6523b (SEQ ID NO:6052); miR-6524 (SEQ ID NO:6053); miR-6525 (SEQ ID NO:6054); miR-6526-1 (SEQ ID NO:6055); miR-6526-2 (SEQ ID NO:6056); miR-6526-3 (SEQ ID NO:6057); miR-6527 (SEQ ID NO:6058); miR-6528 (SEQ ID NO:6059); miR-6529 (SEQ ID NO:6060); miR-6529b (SEQ ID NO:6061); miR-6530 (SEQ ID NO:6062); miR-6531 (SEQ ID NO:6063); miR-6532 (SEQ ID NO:6064); miR-6533 (SEQ ID NO:6065); miR-6534 (SEQ ID NO:6066); miR-6535 (SEQ ID NO:6067); miR-6536-1 (SEQ ID NO:6068); miR-6536-2 (SEQ ID NO:6069); miR-7691 (SEQ ID NO:6070); miR-7857 (SEQ ID NO:6071); miR-7858 (SEQ ID NO:6072); miR-7859 (SEQ ID NO:6073); miR-7860 (SEQ ID NO:6074); miR-7861 (SEQ ID NO:6075); miR-7862 (SEQ ID NO:6076); miR-7863 (SEQ ID NO:6077); miR-7864 (SEQ ID NO:6078); and miR-7865 (SEQ ID NO:6079).

[0071] The following sheep miRNAs could be used: let-7a (SEQ ID NO:6080); let-7b (SEQ ID NO:6081); let-7c (SEQ ID NO:6082); let-7d (SEQ ID NO:6083); let-7f (SEQ ID NO:6084); let-7g (SEQ ID NO:6085); let-7i (SEQ ID NO:6086); miR-10a (SEQ ID NO:6087); miR-10b (SEQ ID NO:6088); miR-16b (SEQ ID NO:6089); miR-17 (SEQ ID NO:6090); miR-19b (SEQ ID NO:6091); miR-21 (SEQ ID NO:6092); miR-22 (SEQ ID NO:6093); miR-23a (SEQ ID NO:6094); miR-23b (SEQ ID NO:6095); miR-25 (SEQ ID NO:6096); miR-26a (SEQ ID NO:6097); miR-26b (SEQ ID NO:6098); miR-27a (SEQ ID NO:6099); miR-29a (SEQ ID NO:6100); miR-29b (SEQ ID NO:6101); miR-30a (SEQ ID NO:6102); miR-30b (SEQ ID NO:6103); miR-30c (SEQ ID NO:6104); miR-30d (SEQ ID NO:6105); miR-99a (SEQ ID NO:6106); miR-103 (SEQ ID NO:6107); miR-106a (SEQ ID NO:6108); miR-106b (SEQ ID NO:6109); miR-107 (SEQ ID NO:6110); miR-125b (SEQ ID NO:6111); miR-127 (SEQ ID NO:6112); miR-133 (SEQ ID NO:6113); miR-134 (SEQ ID NO:6114); miR-136 (SEQ ID NO:6115); miR-143 (SEQ ID NO:6116); miR-148a (SEQ ID NO:6117); miR-150 (SEQ ID NO:6118); miR-152 (SEQ ID NO:6119); miR-154a (SEQ ID NO:6120); miR-154b (SEQ ID NO:6121); miR-181a-1 (SEQ ID NO:6122); miR-181a-2 (SEQ ID NO:6123); miR-191 (SEQ ID NO:6124); miR-194 (SEQ ID NO:6125); miR-199a (SEQ ID NO:6126); miR-200a (SEQ ID NO:6127); miR-200b (SEQ ID NO:6128); miR-200c (SEQ ID NO:6129); miR-218a (SEQ ID NO:6130); miR-221 (SEQ ID NO:6131); miR-299 (SEQ ID NO:6132); miR-323a (SEQ ID NO:6133); miR-323b (SEQ ID NO:6134); miR-323c (SEQ ID NO:6135); miR-329a (SEQ ID NO:6136); miR-329b (SEQ ID NO:6137); miR-362 (SEQ ID NO:6138); miR-369 (SEQ ID NO:6139); miR-370 (SEQ ID NO:6140); miR-374a (SEQ ID NO:6141); miR-374b (SEQ ID NO:6142); miR-376a (SEQ ID NO:6143); miR-376b (SEQ ID NO:6144); miR-376c (SEQ ID NO:6145); miR-376d (SEQ ID NO:6146); miR-376e (SEQ ID NO:6147); miR-377 (SEQ ID NO:6148); miR-379 (SEQ ID NO:6149); miR-380 (SEQ ID NO:6150); miR-381 (SEQ ID NO:6151); miR-382 (SEQ ID NO:6152); miR-409 (SEQ ID NO:6153); miR-410 (SEQ ID NO:6154); miR-411a (SEQ ID NO:6155); miR-411b (SEQ ID NO:6156); miR-412 (SEQ ID NO:6157); miR-431 (SEQ ID NO:6158); miR-432 (SEQ ID NO:6159); miR-433 (SEQ ID NO:6160); miR-485 (SEQ ID NO:6161); miR-487a (SEQ ID NO:6162); miR-487b (SEQ ID NO:6163); miR-493 (SEQ ID NO:6164); miR-494 (SEQ ID NO:6165); miR-495 (SEQ ID NO:6166); miR-496 (SEQ ID NO:6167); miR-539 (SEQ ID NO:6168); miR-541 (SEQ ID NO:6169); miR-543 (SEQ ID NO:6170); miR-544 (SEQ ID NO:6171); miR-654 (SEQ ID NO:6172); miR-655 (SEQ ID NO:6173); miR-665 (SEQ ID NO:6174); miR-668 (SEQ ID NO:6175); miR-758 (SEQ ID NO:6176); miR-1185 (SEQ ID NO:6177); miR-1193 (SEQ ID NO:6178); miR-1197 (SEQ ID NO:6179); miR-3955 (SEQ ID NO:6180); miR-3956 (SEQ ID NO:6181); miR-3957 (SEQ ID NO:6182); miR-3958 (SEQ ID NO:6183); and miR-3959 (SEQ ID NO:6184).

[0072] The following pig miRNAs could be used: let-7a-1 (SEQ ID NO:6185); let-7a-2 (SEQ ID NO:6186); let-7c (SEQ ID NO:6187); let-7d (SEQ ID NO:6188); let-7e (SEQ ID NO:6189); let-7f-1 (SEQ ID NO:6190); let-7f-2 (SEQ ID NO:6191); let-7g (SEQ ID NO:6192); let-7i (SEQ ID NO:6193); miR-1 (SEQ ID NO:6194); miR-7-1 (SEQ ID NO:6195); miR-7-2 (SEQ ID NO:6196); miR-9-1 (SEQ ID NO:6197); miR-9-2 (SEQ ID NO:6198); miR-9-3 (SEQ ID NO:6199); miR-10a (SEQ ID NO:6200); miR-10b (SEQ ID NO:6201); miR-15a (SEQ ID NO:6202); miR-15b (SEQ ID NO:6203); miR-16-1 (SEQ ID NO:6204); miR-16-2 (SEQ ID NO:6205); miR-17 (SEQ ID NO:6206); miR-18a (SEQ ID NO:6207); miR-18b (SEQ ID NO:6208); miR-19a (SEQ ID NO:6209); miR-19b-1 (SEQ ID NO:6210); miR-19b-2 (SEQ ID NO:6211); miR-20a (SEQ ID NO:6212); miR-20b-1 (SEQ ID NO:6213); miR-20b-2 (SEQ ID NO:6214); miR-21 (SEQ ID NO:6215); miR-22 (SEQ ID NO:6216); miR-23a (SEQ ID NO:6217); miR-23b (SEQ ID NO:6218); miR-24-1 (SEQ ID NO:6219); miR-24-2 (SEQ ID NO:6220); miR-26a (SEQ ID NO:6221); miR-27a (SEQ ID NO:6222); miR-27b (SEQ ID NO:6223); miR-28 (SEQ ID NO:6224); miR-29a (SEQ ID NO:6225); miR-29b-1 (SEQ ID NO:6226); miR-29b-2 (SEQ ID NO:6227); miR-29c (SEQ ID NO:6228); miR-30a (SEQ ID NO:6229); miR-30b (SEQ ID NO:6230); miR-30c-1 (SEQ ID NO:6231); miR-30c-2 (SEQ ID NO:6232); miR-30d (SEQ ID NO:6233); miR-30e (SEQ ID NO:6234); miR-31 (SEQ ID NO:6235); miR-32 (SEQ ID NO:6236); miR-34a (SEQ ID NO:6237); miR-34c-1 (SEQ ID NO:6238); miR-34c-2 (SEQ ID NO:6239); miR-92a-1 (SEQ ID NO:6240); miR-92a-2 (SEQ ID NO:6241); miR-92b (SEQ ID NO:6242); miR-95 (SEQ ID NO:6243); miR-98 (SEQ ID NO:6244); miR-99a (SEQ ID NO:6245); miR-99b (SEQ ID NO:6246); miR-100 (SEQ ID NO:6247); miR-101-1 (SEQ ID NO:6248); miR-101-2 (SEQ ID NO:6249); miR-103-1 (SEQ ID NO:6250); miR-103-2 (SEQ ID NO:6251); miR-105-1 (SEQ ID NO:6252); miR-105-2 (SEQ ID NO:6253); miR-106a (SEQ ID NO:6254); miR-107 (SEQ ID NO:6255); miR-122 (SEQ ID NO:6256); miR-124a-1 (SEQ ID NO:6257); miR-124a-2 (SEQ ID NO:6258); miR-125a (SEQ ID NO:6259); miR-125b-1 (SEQ ID NO:6260); miR-125b-2 (SEQ ID NO:6261); miR-126 (SEQ ID NO:6262); miR-127 (SEQ ID NO:6263); miR-128-1 (SEQ ID NO:6264); miR-128-2 (SEQ ID NO:6265); miR-129a (SEQ ID NO:6266); miR-129b (SEQ ID NO:6267); miR-130a (SEQ ID NO:6268); miR-130b (SEQ ID NO:6269); miR-132 (SEQ ID NO:6270); miR-133a-1 (SEQ ID NO:6271); miR-133a-2 (SEQ ID NO:6272); miR-133b (SEQ ID NO:6273); miR-135-1 (SEQ ID NO:6274); miR-135-2 (SEQ ID NO:6275); miR-136 (SEQ ID NO:6276); miR-137 (SEQ ID NO:6277); miR-138 (SEQ ID NO:6278); miR-139 (SEQ ID NO:6279); miR-140 (SEQ ID NO:6280); miR-142 (SEQ ID NO:6281); miR-143 (SEQ ID NO:6282); miR-144 (SEQ ID NO:6283); miR-145 (SEQ ID NO:6284); miR-146a (SEQ ID NO:6285); miR-146b (SEQ ID NO:6286); miR-148a (SEQ ID NO:6287); miR-148b (SEQ ID NO:6288); miR-149 (SEQ ID NO:6289); miR-150-1 (SEQ ID NO:6290); miR-150-2 (SEQ ID NO:6291); miR-151 (SEQ ID NO:6292); miR-152 (SEQ ID NO:6293); miR-153 (SEQ ID NO:6294); miR-155 (SEQ ID NO:6295); miR-181a-1 (SEQ ID NO:6296); miR-181a-2 (SEQ ID NO:6297); miR-181b-1 (SEQ ID NO:6298); miR-181b-2 (SEQ ID NO:6299); miR-181c (SEQ ID NO:6300); miR-181d (SEQ ID NO:6301); miR-182 (SEQ ID NO:6302); miR-183 (SEQ ID NO:6303); miR-184 (SEQ ID NO:6304); miR-185 (SEQ ID NO:6305); miR-186 (SEQ ID NO:6306); miR-187 (SEQ ID NO:6307); miR-190a (SEQ ID NO:6308); miR-190b (SEQ ID NO:6309); miR-191 (SEQ ID NO:6310); miR-192 (SEQ ID NO:6311); miR-193a (SEQ ID NO:6312); miR-194a (SEQ ID NO:6313); miR-194b (SEQ ID NO:6314); miR-195 (SEQ ID NO:6315); miR-196a-1 (SEQ ID NO:6316); miR-196a-2 (SEQ ID NO:6317); miR-196b-1 (SEQ ID NO:6318); miR-196b-2 (SEQ ID NO:6319); miR-199a-1 (SEQ ID NO:6320); miR-199a-2 (SEQ ID NO:6321); miR-199b (SEQ ID NO:6322); miR-202 (SEQ ID NO:6323); miR-204 (SEQ ID NO:6324); miR-205 (SEQ ID NO:6325); miR-206 (SEQ ID NO:6326); miR-208b (SEQ ID NO:6327); miR-210 (SEQ ID NO:6328); miR-212 (SEQ ID NO:6329); miR-214 (SEQ ID NO:6330); miR-215 (SEQ ID NO:6331); miR-216-1 (SEQ ID NO:6332); miR-216-2 (SEQ ID NO:6333); miR-217-1 (SEQ ID NO:6334); miR-217-2 (SEQ ID NO:6335); miR-218-1 (SEQ ID NO:6336); miR-218-2 (SEQ ID NO:6337); miR-218b (SEQ ID NO:6338); miR-219 (SEQ ID NO:6339); miR-221 (SEQ ID NO:6340); miR-222 (SEQ ID NO:6341); miR-224 (SEQ ID NO:6342); miR-296 (SEQ ID NO:6343); miR-299 (SEQ ID NO:6344); miR-301 (SEQ ID NO:6345); miR-320 (SEQ ID NO:6346); miR-323 (SEQ ID NO:6347); miR-324 (SEQ ID NO:6348); miR-325 (SEQ ID NO:6349); miR-326 (SEQ ID NO:6350); miR-328 (SEQ ID NO:6351); miR-331 (SEQ ID NO:6352); miR-335 (SEQ ID NO:6353); miR-338 (SEQ ID NO:6354); miR-339-1 (SEQ ID NO:6355); miR-339-2 (SEQ ID NO:6356); miR-340-1 (SEQ ID NO:6357); miR-340-2 (SEQ ID NO:6358); miR-342 (SEQ ID NO:6359); miR-345-1 (SEQ ID NO:6360); miR-345-2 (SEQ ID NO:6361); miR-361 (SEQ ID NO:6362); miR-362 (SEQ ID NO:6363); miR-363-1 (SEQ ID NO:6364); miR-363-2 (SEQ ID NO:6365); miR-365-1 (SEQ ID NO:6366); miR-365-2 (SEQ ID NO:6367); miR-369 (SEQ ID NO:6368); miR-370 (SEQ ID NO:6369); miR-374a (SEQ ID NO:6370); miR-374b (SEQ ID NO:6371); miR-376a (SEQ ID NO:6372); miR-376b (SEQ ID NO:6373); miR-376c (SEQ ID NO:6374); miR-378-1 (SEQ ID NO:6375); miR-378-2 (SEQ ID NO:6376); miR-381 (SEQ ID NO:6377); miR-382 (SEQ ID NO:6378); miR-383 (SEQ ID NO:6379); miR-411 (SEQ ID NO:6380); miR-421 (SEQ ID NO:6381); miR-423 (SEQ ID NO:6382); miR-424 (SEQ ID NO:6383); miR-425 (SEQ ID NO:6384); miR-429 (SEQ ID NO:6385); miR-432 (SEQ ID NO:6386); miR-450a (SEQ ID NO:6387); miR-450b (SEQ ID NO:6388); miR-450c (SEQ ID NO:6389); miR-451 (SEQ ID NO:6390); miR-452 (SEQ ID NO:6391); miR-455 (SEQ ID NO:6392); miR-484 (SEQ ID NO:6393); miR-486-1 (SEQ ID NO:6394); miR-486-2 (SEQ ID NO:6395); miR-487b (SEQ ID NO:6396); miR-489 (SEQ ID NO:6397); miR-490-1 (SEQ ID NO:6398); miR-490-2 (SEQ ID NO:6399); miR-491 (SEQ ID NO:6400); miR-493 (SEQ ID NO:6401); miR-494 (SEQ ID NO:6402); miR-497 (SEQ ID NO:6403); miR-499 (SEQ ID NO:6404); miR-500 (SEQ ID NO:6405); miR-503 (SEQ ID NO:6406); miR-504 (SEQ ID NO:6407); miR-505 (SEQ ID NO:6408); miR-532 (SEQ ID NO:6409); miR-542 (SEQ ID NO:6410); miR-545 (SEQ ID NO:6411); miR-551a (SEQ ID NO:6412); miR-574 (SEQ ID NO:6413); miR-582 (SEQ ID NO:6414); miR-615 (SEQ ID NO:6415); miR-628 (SEQ ID NO:6416); miR-652 (SEQ ID NO:6417); miR-664 (SEQ ID NO:6418); miR-671 (SEQ ID NO:6419); miR-676-1 (SEQ ID NO:6420); miR-676-2 (SEQ ID NO:6421); miR-708 (SEQ ID NO:6422); miR-744 (SEQ ID NO:6423); miR-758 (SEQ ID NO:6424); miR-769 (SEQ ID NO:6425); miR-874 (SEQ ID NO:6426); miR-885 (SEQ ID NO:6427); miR-935 (SEQ ID NO:6428); miR-1224 (SEQ ID NO:6429); miR-1249-1 (SEQ ID NO:6430); miR-1249-2 (SEQ ID NO:6431); miR-1271 (SEQ ID NO:6432); miR-1277 (SEQ ID NO:6433); miR-1285 (SEQ ID NO:6434); miR-1296 (SEQ ID NO:6435); miR-1306 (SEQ ID NO:6436); miR-1307 (SEQ ID NO:6437); miR-1343 (SEQ ID NO:6438); miR-1468 (SEQ ID NO:6439); miR-1839 (SEQ ID NO:6440); miR-2320 (SEQ ID NO:6441); miR-2366-1 (SEQ ID NO:6442); miR-2366-2 (SEQ ID NO:6443); miR-2411 (SEQ ID NO:6444); miR-2483 (SEQ ID NO:6445); miR-3613 (SEQ ID NO:6446); miR-4331 (SEQ ID NO:6447); miR-4332 (SEQ ID NO:6448); miR-4334 (SEQ ID NO:6449); miR-4335 (SEQ ID NO:6450); miR-4337 (SEQ ID NO:6451); miR-4338 (SEQ ID NO:6452); miR-4339 (SEQ ID NO:6453); miR-7134 (SEQ ID NO:6454); miR-7135 (SEQ ID NO:6455); miR-7136 (SEQ ID NO:6456); miR-7137 (SEQ ID NO:6457); miR-7138 (SEQ ID NO:6458); miR-7139 (SEQ ID NO:6459); miR-7140 (SEQ ID NO:6460); miR-7141 (SEQ ID NO:6461); miR-7142 (SEQ ID NO:6462); miR-7143 (SEQ ID NO:6463); and miR-7144 (SEQ ID NO:6464).

The following rice miRNAs can be used: MIR156a (SEQ ID NO:6465); MIR156b (SEQ ID NO:6466); MIR156c (SEQ ID NO:6467); MIR156d (SEQ ID NO:6468); MIR156e (SEQ ID NO:6469); MIR156f (SEQ ID NO:6470); MIR156g (SEQ ID NO:6471); MIR156h (SEQ ID NO:6472); MIR156i (SEQ ID NO:6473); MIR156j (SEQ ID NO:6474); MIR156k (SEQ ID NO:6475); MIR156l (SEQ ID NO:6476); MIR159a (SEQ ID NO:6477); MIR159b (SEQ ID NO:6478); MIR159c (SEQ ID NO:6479); MIR159d (SEQ ID NO:6480); MIR159e (SEQ ID NO:6481); MIR159f (SEQ ID NO:6482); MIR160a (SEQ ID NO:6483); MIR160b (SEQ ID NO:6484); MIR160c (SEQ ID NO:6485); MIR160d (SEQ ID NO:6486); MIR160e (SEQ ID NO:6487); MIR160f (SEQ ID NO:6488); MIR162a (SEQ ID NO:6489); MIR162b (SEQ ID NO:6490); MIR164a (SEQ ID NO:6491); MIR164b (SEQ ID NO:6492); MIR164c (SEQ ID NO:6493); MIR164d (SEQ ID NO:6494); MIR164e (SEQ ID NO:6495); MIR164f (SEQ ID NO:6496); MIR166a (SEQ ID NO:6497); MIR166b (SEQ ID NO:6498); MIR166c (SEQ ID NO:6499); MIR166d (SEQ ID NO:6500); MIR166e (SEQ ID NO:6501); MIR166f (SEQ ID NO:6502); MIR166g (SEQ ID NO:6503); MIR166h (SEQ ID NO:6504); MIR166i (SEQ ID NO:6505); MIR166j (SEQ ID NO:6506); MIR166k (SEQ ID NO:6507); MIR166l (SEQ ID NO:6508); MIR166m (SEQ ID NO:6509); MIR167a (SEQ ID NO:6510); MIR167b (SEQ ID NO:6511); MIR167c (SEQ ID NO:6512); MIR167d (SEQ ID NO:6513); MIR167e (SEQ ID NO:6514); MIR167f (SEQ ID NO:6515); MIR167g (SEQ ID NO:6516); MIR167h (SEQ ID NO:6517); MIR167i (SEQ ID NO:6518); MIR167j (SEQ ID NO:6519); MIR168a (SEQ ID NO:6520); MIR168b (SEQ ID NO:6521); MIR169a (SEQ ID NO:6522); MIR169b (SEQ ID NO:6523); MIR169c (SEQ ID NO:6524); MIR169d (SEQ ID NO:6525); MIR169e (SEQ ID NO:6526); MIR169f (SEQ ID NO:6527); MIR169g (SEQ ID NO:6528); MIR169h (SEQ ID NO:6529); MIR169i (SEQ ID NO:6530); MIR169j (SEQ ID NO:6531); MIR169k (SEQ ID NO:6532); MIR169l (SEQ ID NO:6533); MIR169m (SEQ ID NO:6534); MIR169n (SEQ ID NO:6535); MIR1690 (SEQ ID NO:6536); MIR169p (SEQ ID NO:6537); MIR169q (SEQ ID NO:6538); MIR169r (SEQ ID NO:6539); MIR171a (SEQ ID NO:6540); MIR171b (SEQ ID NO:6541); MIR171c (SEQ ID NO:6542); MIR171d (SEQ ID NO:6543); MIR171e (SEQ ID NO:6544); MIR171f (SEQ ID NO:6545); MIR171g (SEQ ID NO:6546); MIR171h (SEQ ID NO:6547); MIR171i (SEQ ID NO:6548); MIR172a (SEQ ID NO:6549); MIR172b (SEQ ID NO:6550); MIR172c (SEQ ID NO:6551); MIR172d (SEQ ID NO:6552); MIR319a (SEQ ID NO:6553); MIR319b (SEQ ID NO:6554); MIR390 (SEQ ID NO:6555); MIR393a (SEQ ID NO:6556); MIR393b (SEQ ID NO:6557); MIR394 (SEQ ID NO:6558); MIR395a (SEQ ID NO:6559); MIR395b (SEQ ID NO:6560); MIR395c (SEQ ID NO:6561); MIR395d (SEQ ID NO:6562); MIR395e (SEQ ID NO:6563); MIR395f (SEQ ID NO:6564); MIR395g (SEQ ID NO:6565); MIR395h (SEQ ID NO:6566); MIR395i (SEQ ID NO:6567); MIR395j (SEQ ID NO:6568); MIR395k (SEQ ID NO:6569); MIR395l (SEQ ID NO:6570); MIR395m (SEQ ID NO:6571); MIR395n (SEQ ID NO:6572); MIR395o (SEQ ID NO:6573); MIR395p (SEQ ID NO:6574); MIR395q (SEQ ID NO:6575); MIR395r (SEQ ID NO:6576); MIR395s (SEQ ID NO:6577); MIR395t (SEQ ID NO:6578); MIR395u (SEQ ID NO:6579); MIR395v (SEQ ID NO:6580); MIR395w (SEQ ID NO:6581); MIR395x (SEQ ID NO:6582); MIR395y (SEQ ID NO:6583); MIR396a (SEQ ID NO:6584); MIR396b (SEQ ID NO:6585); MIR396c (SEQ ID NO:6586); MIR396d (SEQ ID NO:6587); MIR396e (SEQ ID NO:6588); MIR396f (SEQ ID NO:6589); MIR396g (SEQ ID NO:6590); MIR396h (SEQ ID NO:6591); MIR397a (SEQ ID NO:6592); MIR397b (SEQ ID NO:6593); MIR398a (SEQ ID NO:6594); MIR398b (SEQ ID NO:6595); MIR399a (SEQ ID NO:6596); MIR399b (SEQ ID NO:6597); MIR399c (SEQ ID NO:6598); MIR399d (SEQ ID NO:6599); MIR399e (SEQ ID NO:6600); MIR399f (SEQ ID NO:6601); MIR399g (SEQ ID NO:6602); MIR399h (SEQ ID NO:6603); MIR399i (SEQ ID NO:6604); MIR399j (SEQ ID NO:6605); MIR399k (SEQ ID NO:6606); MIR408 (SEQ ID NO:6607); MIR413 (SEQ ID NO:6608); MIR414 (SEQ ID NO:6609); MIR415 (SEQ ID NO:6610); MIR416 (SEQ ID NO:6611); MIR417 (SEQ ID NO:6612); MIR418 (SEQ ID NO:6613); MIR419 (SEQ ID NO:6614); MIR426 (SEQ ID NO:6615); MIR435 (SEQ ID NO:6616); MIR437 (SEQ ID NO:6617); MIR438 (SEQ ID NO:6618); MIR439a (SEQ ID NO:6619); MIR439b (SEQ ID NO:6620); MIR439c (SEQ ID NO:6621); MIR439d (SEQ ID NO:6622); MIR439e (SEQ ID NO:6623); MIR439f (SEQ ID NO:6624); MIR439g (SEQ ID NO:6625); MIR439h (SEQ ID NO:6626); MIR439i (SEQ ID NO:6627); MIR440 (SEQ ID NO:6628); MIR443 (SEQ ID NO:6629); MIR444a (SEQ ID NO:6630); MIR444b (SEQ ID NO:6631); MIR444c (SEQ ID NO:6632); MIR444d (SEQ ID NO:6633); MIR444e (SEQ ID NO:6634); MIR444f (SEQ ID NO:6635); MIR528 (SEQ ID NO:6636); MIR529a (SEQ ID NO:6637); MIR529b (SEQ ID NO:6638); MIR530 (SEQ ID NO:6639); MIR531a (SEQ ID NO:6640); MIR531b (SEQ ID NO:6641); MIR531c (SEQ ID NO:6642); MIR535 (SEQ ID NO:6643); MIR810a (SEQ ID NO:6644); MIR810b (SEQ ID NO:6645); MIR812a (SEQ ID NO:6646); MIR812b (SEQ ID NO:6647); MIR812c (SEQ ID NO:6648); MIR812d (SEQ ID NO:6649); MIR812e (SEQ ID NO:6650); MIR812f (SEQ ID NO:6651); MIR812g (SEQ ID NO:6652); MIR812h (SEQ ID NO:6653); MIR812i (SEQ ID NO:6654); MIR812j (SEQ ID NO:6655); MIR812k (SEQ ID NO:6656); MIR812l (SEQ ID NO:6657); MIR812m (SEQ ID NO:6658); MIR812n (SEQ ID NO:6659); MIR812o (SEQ ID NO:6660); MIR812p (SEQ ID NO:6661); MIR812q (SEQ ID NO:6662); MIR812r (SEQ ID NO:6663); MIR812s (SEQ ID NO:6664); MIR812t (SEQ ID NO:6665); MIR812u (SEQ ID NO:6666); MIR812v (SEQ ID NO:6667); MIR814a (SEQ ID NO:6668); MIR814b (SEQ ID NO:6669); MIR814c (SEQ ID NO:6670); MIR815a (SEQ ID NO:6671); MIR815b (SEQ ID NO:6672); MIR815c (SEQ ID NO:6673); MIR816 (SEQ ID NO:6674); MIR817 (SEQ ID NO:6675); MIR818a (SEQ ID NO:6676); MIR818b (SEQ ID NO:6677); MIR818c (SEQ ID NO:6678); MIR818d (SEQ ID NO:6679); MIR818e (SEQ ID NO:6680); MIR818f (SEQ ID NO:6681); MIR820a (SEQ ID NO:6682); MIR820b (SEQ ID NO:6683); MIR820c (SEQ ID NO:6684); MIR821a (SEQ ID NO:6685); MIR821b (SEQ ID NO:6686); MIR821c (SEQ ID NO:6687); MIR827 (SEQ ID NO:6688); MIR1319a (SEQ ID NO:6689); MIR1319b (SEQ ID NO:6690); MIR1320 (SEQ ID NO:6691); MIR1423 (SEQ ID NO:6692); MIR1424 (SEQ ID NO:6693); MIR1425 (SEQ ID NO:6694); MIR1426 (SEQ ID NO:6695); MIR1427 (SEQ ID NO:6696); MIR1428a (SEQ ID NO:6697); MIR1428b (SEQ ID NO:6698); MIR1428c (SEQ ID NO:6699); MIR1428d (SEQ ID NO:6700); MIR1428e (SEQ ID NO:6701); MIR1428f (SEQ ID NO:6702); MIR1428g (SEQ ID NO:6703); MIR1429 (SEQ ID NO:6704); MIR1430 (SEQ ID NO:6705); MIR1431 (SEQ ID NO:6706); MIR1432 (SEQ ID NO:6707); MIR1435 (SEQ ID NO:6708); MIR1436 (SEQ ID NO:6709); MIR1437 (SEQ ID NO:6710); MIR1437b (SEQ ID NO:6711); MIR1438 (SEQ ID NO:6712); MIR1439 (SEQ ID NO:6713); MIR1440a (SEQ ID NO:6714); MIR1440b (SEQ ID NO:6715); MIR1441 (SEQ ID NO:6716); MIR1442 (SEQ ID NO:6717); MIR1846a (SEQ ID NO:6718); MIR1846b (SEQ ID NO:6719); MIR1846c (SEQ ID NO:6720); MIR1846d (SEQ ID NO:6721); MIR1846e (SEQ ID NO:6722); MIR1847 (SEQ ID NO:6723); MIR1848 (SEQ ID NO:6724); MIR1849 (SEQ ID NO:6725); MIR1850 (SEQ ID NO:6726); MIR1851 (SEQ ID NO:6727); MIR1852 (SEQ ID NO:6728); MIR1853 (SEQ ID NO:6729); MIR1854 (SEQ ID NO:6730); MIR1855 (SEQ ID NO:6731); MIR1856 (SEQ ID NO:6732); MIR1857 (SEQ ID NO:6733); MIR1858a (SEQ ID NO:6734); MIR1858b (SEQ ID NO:6735); MIR1859 (SEQ ID NO:6736); MIR1860 (SEQ ID NO:6737); MIR1861a (SEQ ID NO:6738); MIR1861b (SEQ ID NO:6739); MIR1861c (SEQ ID NO:6740); MIR1861d (SEQ ID NO:6741); MIR1861e (SEQ ID NO:6742); MIR1861f (SEQ ID NO:6743); MIR1861g (SEQ ID NO:6744); MIR1861h (SEQ ID NO:6745); MIR1861i (SEQ ID NO:6746); MIR1861j (SEQ ID NO:6747); MIR1861k (SEQ ID NO:6748); MIR1861l (SEQ ID NO:6749); MIR1861m (SEQ ID NO:6750); MIR1861n (SEQ ID NO:6751); MIR1861o (SEQ ID NO:6752); MIR1862a (SEQ ID NO:6753); MIR1862b (SEQ ID NO:6754); MIR1862c (SEQ ID NO:6755); MIR1862d (SEQ ID NO:6756); MIR1862e (SEQ ID NO:6757); MIR1862f (SEQ ID NO:6758); MIR1862g (SEQ ID NO:6759); MIR1863a (SEQ ID NO:6760); MIR1863b (SEQ ID NO:6761); MIR1863c (SEQ ID NO:6762); MIR1864 (SEQ ID NO:6763); MIR1865 (SEQ ID NO:6764); MIR1866 (SEQ ID NO:6765); MIR1868 (SEQ ID NO:6766); MIR1869 (SEQ ID NO:6767); MIR1870 (SEQ ID NO:6768); MIR1871 (SEQ ID NO:6769); MIR1872 (SEQ ID NO:6770); MIR1873 (SEQ ID NO:6771); MIR1874 (SEQ ID NO:6772); MIR1875 (SEQ ID NO:6773); MIR1876 (SEQ ID NO:6774); MIR1877 (SEQ ID NO:6775); MIR1878 (SEQ ID NO:6776); MIR1879 (SEQ ID NO:6777); MIR1880 (SEQ ID NO:6778); MIR1881 (SEQ ID NO:6779); MIR1882a (SEQ ID NO:6780); MIR1882b (SEQ ID NO:6781); MIR1882c (SEQ ID NO:6782); MIR1882d (SEQ ID NO:6783); MIR1882e (SEQ ID NO:6784); MIR1882f (SEQ ID NO:6785); MIR1882g (SEQ ID NO:6786); MIR1882h (SEQ ID NO:6787); MIR1883a (SEQ ID NO:6788); MIR1883b (SEQ ID NO:6789); MIR2055 (SEQ ID NO:6790); MIR2090 (SEQ ID NO:6791); MIR2091 (SEQ ID NO:6792); MIR2092 (SEQ ID NO:6793); MIR2093 (SEQ ID NO:6794); MIR2094 (SEQ ID NO:6795); MIR2095 (SEQ ID NO:6796); MIR2096 (SEQ ID NO:6797); MIR2097 (SEQ ID NO:6798); MIR2098 (SEQ ID NO:6799); MIR2099 (SEQ ID NO:6800); MIR2100 (SEQ ID NO:6801); MIR2101 (SEQ ID NO:6802); MIR2102 (SEQ ID NO:6803); MIR2103 (SEQ ID NO:6804); MIR2104 (SEQ ID NO:6805); MIR2105 (SEQ ID NO:6806); MIR2106 (SEQ ID NO:6807); MIR2118a (SEQ ID NO:6808); MIR2118b (SEQ ID NO:6809); MIR2118c (SEQ ID NO:6810); MIR2118d (SEQ ID NO:6811); MIR2118e (SEQ ID NO:6812); MIR2118f (SEQ ID NO:6813); MIR2118g (SEQ ID NO:6814); MIR2118h (SEQ ID NO:6815); MIR2118i (SEQ ID NO:6816); MIR2118j (SEQ ID NO:6817); MIR2118k (SEQ ID NO:6818); MIR2118l (SEQ ID NO:6819); MIR2118m (SEQ ID NO:6820); MIR2118n (SEQ ID NO:6821); MIR2118o (SEQ ID NO:6822); MIR2118p (SEQ ID NO:6823); MIR2118q (SEQ ID NO:6824); MIR2118r (SEQ ID NO:6825); MIR2120 (SEQ ID NO:6826); MIR2121a (SEQ ID NO:6827); MIR2121b (SEQ ID NO:6828); MIR2122 (SEQ ID NO:6829); MIR2275a (SEQ ID NO:6830); MIR2275b (SEQ ID NO:6831); MIR2275c (SEQ ID NO:6832); MIR2275d (SEQ ID NO:6833); MIR2863a (SEQ ID NO:6834); MIR2863b (SEQ ID NO:6835); MIR2863c (SEQ ID NO:6836); MIR2864 (SEQ ID NO:6837); MIR2865 (SEQ ID NO:6838); MIR2866 (SEQ ID NO:6839); MIR2867 (SEQ ID NO:6840); MIR2868 (SEQ ID NO:6841); MIR2869 (SEQ ID NO:6842); MIR2870 (SEQ ID NO:6843); MIR2871a (SEQ ID NO:6844); MIR2871b (SEQ ID NO:6845); MIR2872 (SEQ ID NO:6846); MIR2873a (SEQ ID NO:6847); MIR2873b (SEQ ID NO:6848); MIR2873c (SEQ ID NO:6849); MIR2874 (SEQ ID NO:6850); MIR2875 (SEQ ID NO:6851); MIR2876 (SEQ ID NO:6852); MIR2877 (SEQ ID NO:6853); MIR2878 (SEQ ID NO:6854); MIR2879 (SEQ ID NO:6855); MIR2880 (SEQ ID NO:6856); MIR2905 (SEQ ID NO:6857); MIR2907a (SEQ ID NO:6858); MIR2907b (SEQ ID NO:6859); MIR2907c (SEQ ID NO:6860); MIR2907d (SEQ ID NO:6861); MIR2918 (SEQ ID NO:6862); MIR2919 (SEQ ID NO:6863); MIR2920 (SEQ ID NO:6864); MIR2921 (SEQ ID NO:6865); MIR2922 (SEQ ID NO:6866); MIR2923 (SEQ ID NO:6867); MIR2924 (SEQ ID NO:6868); MIR2925 (SEQ ID NO:6869); MIR2926 (SEQ ID NO:6870); MIR2927 (SEQ ID NO:6871); MIR2928 (SEQ ID NO:6872); MIR2929 (SEQ ID NO:6873); MIR2930 (SEQ ID NO:6874); MIR2931 (SEQ ID NO:6875); MIR2932 (SEQ ID NO:6876); MIR3979 (SEQ ID NO:6877); MIR3980a (SEQ ID NO:6878); MIR3980b (SEQ ID NO:6879); MIR3981 (SEQ ID NO:6880); MIR3982 (SEQ ID NO:6881); MIR5071 (SEQ ID NO:6882); MIR5072 (SEQ ID NO:6883); MIR5073 (SEQ ID NO:6884); MIR5074 (SEQ ID NO:6885); MIR5075 (SEQ ID NO:6886); MIR5076 (SEQ ID NO:6887); MIR5077 (SEQ ID NO:6888); MIR5078 (SEQ ID NO:6889); MIR5079a (SEQ ID NO:6890); MIR5079b (SEQ ID NO:6891); MIR5080 (SEQ ID NO:6892); MIR5081 (SEQ ID NO:6893); MIR5082 (SEQ ID NO:6894); MIR5083 (SEQ ID NO:6895); MIR5143a (SEQ ID NO:6896); MIR5143b (SEQ ID NO:6897); MIR5144 (SEQ ID NO:6898); MIR5145 (SEQ ID NO:6899); MIR5146 (SEQ ID NO:6900); MIR5147 (SEQ ID NO:6901); MIR5148a (SEQ ID NO:6902); MIR5148b (SEQ ID NO:6903); MIR5148c (SEQ ID NO:6904); MIR5149 (SEQ ID NO:6905); MIR5150 (SEQ ID NO:6906); MIR5151 (SEQ ID NO:6907); MIR5152 (SEQ ID NO:6908); MIR5153 (SEQ ID NO:6909); MIR5154 (SEQ ID NO:6910); MIR5155 (SEQ ID NO:6911); MIR5156 (SEQ ID NO:6912); MIR5157a (SEQ ID NO:6913); MIR5157b (SEQ ID NO:6914); MIR5158 (SEQ ID NO:6915); MIR5159 (SEQ ID NO:6916); MIR5160 (SEQ ID NO:6917); MIR5161 (SEQ ID NO:6918); MIR5162 (SEQ ID NO:6919); MIR5179 (SEQ ID NO:6920); MIR5337a (SEQ ID NO:6921); MIR5337b (SEQ ID NO:6922); MIR5338 (SEQ ID NO:6923); MIR5339 (SEQ ID NO:6924); MIR5340 (SEQ ID NO:6925); MIR5484 (SEQ ID NO:6926); MIR5485 (SEQ ID NO:6927); MIR5486 (SEQ ID NO:6928); MIR5487 (SEQ ID NO:6929); MIR5488 (SEQ ID NO:6930); MIR5489 (SEQ ID NO:6931); MIR5490 (SEQ ID NO:6932); MIR5491 (SEQ ID NO:6933); MIR5492 (SEQ ID NO:6934); MIR5493 (SEQ ID NO:6935); MIR5494 (SEQ ID NO:6936); MIR5495 (SEQ ID NO:6937); MIR5496 (SEQ ID NO:6938); MIR5497 (SEQ ID NO:6939); MIR5498 (SEQ ID NO:6940); MIR5499 (SEQ ID NO:6941); MIR5500 (SEQ ID NO:6942); MIR5501 (SEQ ID NO:6943); MIR5502 (SEQ ID NO:6944); MIR5503 (SEQ ID NO:6945); MIR5504 (SEQ ID NO:6946); MIR5505 (SEQ ID NO:6947); MIR5506 (SEQ ID NO:6948); MIR5507 (SEQ ID NO:6949); MIR5508 (SEQ ID NO:6950); MIR5509 (SEQ ID NO:6951); MIR5510 (SEQ ID NO:6952); MIR5511 (SEQ ID NO:6953); MIR5512a (SEQ ID NO:6954); MIR5512b (SEQ ID NO:6955); MIR5513 (SEQ ID NO:6956); MIR5514 (SEQ ID NO:6957); MIR5515 (SEQ ID NO:6958); MIR5516a (SEQ ID NO:6959); MIR5516b (SEQ ID NO:6960); MIR5517 (SEQ ID NO:6961); MIR5518 (SEQ ID NO:6962); MIR5519 (SEQ ID NO:6963); MIR5521 (SEQ ID NO:6964); MIR5522 (SEQ ID NO:6965); MIR5523 (SEQ ID NO:6966); MIR5524 (SEQ ID NO:6967); MIR5525 (SEQ ID NO:6968); MIR5526 (SEQ ID NO:6969); MIR5527 (SEQ ID NO:6970); MIR5528 (SEQ ID NO:6971); MIR5529 (SEQ ID NO:6972); MIR5530 (SEQ ID NO:6973); MIR5531 (SEQ ID NO:6974); MIR5532 (SEQ ID NO:6975); MIR5533 (SEQ ID NO:6976); MIR5534a (SEQ ID NO:6977); MIR5534b (SEQ ID NO:6978); MIR5535 (SEQ ID NO:6979); MIR5536 (SEQ ID NO:6980); MIR5537 (SEQ ID NO:6981); MIR5538 (SEQ ID NO:6982); MIR5539a (SEQ ID NO:6983); MIR5539b (SEQ ID NO:6984); MIR5540 (SEQ ID NO:6985); MIR5541 (SEQ ID NO:6986); MIR5542 (SEQ ID NO:6987); MIR5543 (SEQ ID NO:6988); MIR5544 (SEQ ID NO:6989); MIR5788 (SEQ ID NO:6990); MIR5789 (SEQ ID NO:6991); MIR5790 (SEQ ID NO:6992); MIR5791 (SEQ ID NO:6993); MIR5792 (SEQ ID NO:6994); MIR5793 (SEQ ID NO:6995); MIR5794 (SEQ ID NO:6996); MIR5795 (SEQ ID NO:6997); MIR5796 (SEQ ID NO:6998); MIR5797 (SEQ ID NO:6999); MIR5798 (SEQ ID NO:7000); MIR5799 (SEQ ID NO:7001); MIR5800 (SEQ ID NO:7002); MIR5801 (SEQ ID NO:7003); MIR5802 (SEQ ID NO:7004); MIR5803 (SEQ ID NO:7005); MIR5804 (SEQ ID NO:7006); MIR5805 (SEQ ID NO:7007); MIR5806 (SEQ ID NO:7008); MIR5807 (SEQ ID NO:7009); MIR5808 (SEQ ID NO:7010); MIR5809 (SEQ ID NO:7011); MIR5810 (SEQ ID NO:7012); MIR5811 (SEQ ID NO:7013); MIR5812 (SEQ ID NO:7014); MIR5813 (SEQ ID NO:7015); MIR5814 (SEQ ID NO:7016); MIR5815 (SEQ ID NO:7017); MIR5816 (SEQ ID NO:7018); MIR5817 (SEQ ID NO:7019); MIR5818 (SEQ ID NO:7020); MIR5819 (SEQ ID NO:7021); MIR5820 (SEQ ID NO:7022); MIR5821 (SEQ ID NO:7023); MIR5822 (SEQ ID NO:7024); MIR5823 (SEQ ID NO:7025); MIR5824 (SEQ ID NO:7026); MIR5825 (SEQ ID NO:7027); MIR5826 (SEQ ID NO:7028); MIR5827 (SEQ ID NO:7029); MIR5828 (SEQ ID NO:7030); MIR5829 (SEQ ID NO:7031); MIR5830 (SEQ ID NO:7032); MIR5831 (SEQ ID NO:7033); MIR5832 (SEQ ID NO:7034); MIR5833 (SEQ ID NO:7035); MIR5834 (SEQ ID NO:7036); MIR5835 (SEQ ID NO:7037); MIR5836 (SEQ ID NO:7038); MIR5837 (SEQ ID NO:7039); MIR6245 (SEQ ID NO:7040); MIR6246 (SEQ ID NO:7041); MIR6247 (SEQ ID NO:7042); MIR6248 (SEQ ID NO:7043); MIR6249a (SEQ ID NO:7044); MIR6249b (SEQ ID NO:7045); MIR6250 (SEQ ID NO:7046); MIR6251 (SEQ ID NO:7047); MIR6252 (SEQ ID NO:7048); MIR6253 (SEQ ID NO:7049); MIR6254 (SEQ ID NO:7050); MIR6255 (SEQ ID NO:7051); MIR6256 (SEQ ID NO:7052); MIR7692 (SEQ ID NO:7053); MIR7693 (SEQ ID NO:7054); MIR7694 (SEQ ID NO:7055); and MIR7695 (SEQ ID NO:7056).

[0074] When used, any generic description of an miRNA refers to any of its gene family members, unless otherwise indicated. A "gene family" refers to a group of genes that have the same miRNA coding sequence. Typically, members of a gene family are identified by a number or letter following the initial designation. For example, miR-16-1 and miR-16-2 are members of the miR-16 gene family and "mir-7" refers to miR-7-1, miR-7-2 and miR-7-3. Likewise, "let-7," for example, refers to let-7a-1, let7-a-2, let-7b, let-7c, let-7d, let-7e, let-7f-1, and let-7f-2.

[0075] The artificially-designed RNA disclosed herein can include RNA flanking sequences. "RNA flanking sequences" refer to nucleotide sequences including RNA processing elements that flank one or both sides of the Drosha cutting site.

[0076] "miRNA flanking sequence" refers to nucleotide sequences including miRNA processing elements. miRNA processing elements are the minimal nucleic acid sequences which contribute to the production of mature miRNA from precursor miRNA. Often these elements are located within a 40 nucleotide sequence that flanks a miRNA stem-loop structure. In some instances the miRNA processing elements are found within a stretch of nucleotide sequences of between 5 and 4,000 nucleotides in length that flank a miRNA stem-loop structure.

[0077] Thus, in some embodiments the flanking sequences are 5-4,000 nucleotides in length. As a result, the length of the precursor molecule may be, in some instances at least about 150 nucleotides or 270 nucleotides in length. The total length of the precursor molecule, however, may be greater or less than these values. In other embodiments the minimal length of the miRNA flanking sequence is 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90, 100, 150, 200 and any integer there between. In other embodiments the maximal length of the miRNA flanking sequence is 2,000, 2,100, 2,200, 2,300, 2,400, 2,500, 2,600, 2,700, 2,800, 2,900, 3,000, 3,100, 3,200, 3,300, 3,400, 3,500, 3,600, 3,700, 3,800, 3,900 4,000 and any integer there between.

[0078] The miRNA flanking sequences may be native/endogenous miRNA flanking sequences or artificial miRNA flanking sequences. A native/endogenous miRNA flanking sequence is a nucleotide sequence that is ordinarily associated in naturally existing systems with miRNA sequences, i.e., these sequences are found within the genomic sequences surrounding the minimal miRNA hairpin in vivo. Artificial miRNA flanking sequences are nucleotide sequences that are not found to be flanking to miRNA sequences in naturally existing systems. The artificial miRNA flanking sequences may be flanking sequences found naturally in the context of other miRNA sequences. Alternatively they may be composed of minimal miRNA processing elements which are found within naturally occurring flanking sequences and inserted into other random nucleic acid sequences that do not naturally occur as flanking sequences or only partially occur as natural flanking sequences.

[0079] The miRNA flanking sequences within the precursor miRNA molecule may flank one or both sides of the stem-loop structure encompassing the miRNA sequence. Thus, one end (i.e., 5') of the stem-loop structure may be adjacent to a single flanking sequence and the other end (i.e., 3') of the stem-loop structure may not be adjacent to a flanking sequence. Particular structures have flanking sequences on both ends of the stem-loop structure. The flanking sequences may be directly adjacent to one or both ends of the stem-loop structure or may be connected to the stem-loop structure through a linker, additional nucleotides or other molecules.

[0080] In some instances the pri-miRNA molecule may include more than one stem-loop structure. The multiple stem-loop structures may be linked to one another through a linker, such as, for example, a nucleic acid linker or by a miRNA flanking sequence or other molecule or some combination thereof.

[0081] In particular embodiments, useful interfering RNAs can be designed with a number of software programs, e.g., the OligoEngine RNA design tool available at www.oligoengine.com. RNAs within this context can be about, e.g., 19-33 basepairs in length for the double-stranded portion. In some embodiments, the RNAs are hairpin RNAs having an about 19-33 bp stem and an about 4-34 nucleotide loop. Particular RNAs are highly specific for a region of a target gene and may comprise 19-33 bp fragments of a target gene mRNA that has at least one, at least two, or at least three, bp mismatches with a nontargeted gene-related sequence. In some embodiments, the RNAs do not bind to RNAs having more than 3 mismatches with the target region.

[0082] The artificial RNAs disclosed herein are formed from a polymer of nucleotides (i.e. molecules comprising a sugar (e.g. ribose) linked to a phosphate group and to an exchangeable organic base, which is either a substituted pyrimidine (e.g. cytosine (C), or uracil (U)) or a substituted purine (e.g. adenine (A) or guanine (G)). As used herein, the term nucleotides also can include polynucleosides (i.e. a polynucleotide minus the phosphate) and any other organic base containing polymer.

[0083] The artificial miRNAs can also encompass nucleotides with substitutions or modifications, such as in the bases and/or sugars. Modified bases include any base that is chemically distinct from the naturally occurring bases typically found in RNA (C, G, A, and U), but which share basic chemical structures with these naturally occurring bases. The modified nucleotide base may be, for example, dihydrouracil, pseudouracil, 2-thiouracil, 4-thiouracil, 5-aminouracil, 5-(C.sub.1-C.sub.6)-alkyluracil, 5-(C.sub.2-C.sub.6)-alkenyluracil, 5-(C.sub.2-C.sub.6)-alkynyluracil, 5-(hydroxymethyl)uracil, 5-chlorouracil, 5-fluorouracil, 5-bromouracil, 5-hydroxycytosine, 5-(C.sub.1-C.sub.6)-alkylcytosine, 5-(C.sub.2-C.sub.6)-alkenylcytosine, 5-(C.sub.2-C.sub.6)-alkynylcytosine, 5-chlorocytosine, 5-fluorocytosine, 5-bromocytosine, N.sup.2-dimethylguanine, 2,4-diamino-purine, 8-azapurine, a substituted 7-deazapurine, 7-deaza-7-substituted and/or 7-deaza-8-substituted purine, 5-hydroxymethylcytosine, N4-alkylcytosine, N4-ethylcytosine, 5-hydroxydeoxycytidine, 5-hydroxymethyldeoxycytidine, N4-alkyldeoxycytidine, N4-ethyldeoxycytidine, 6-thiodeoxyguanosine, deoxyribonucleosides of nitropyrrole, C5-propynylpyrimidine, diaminopurine, 2,6-diaminopurine, inosine, 5-methylcytosine, 2-aminopurine, 2-amino-6-chloropurine, hypoxanthine or other modifications of a natural nucleoside bases.

[0084] The artificial RNAs can also encompass various chemical modifications and substitutions, in comparison to natural RNA involving phosphodiester internucleotide bridges and/or .beta.-D-ribose units. Replacing a phosphodiester bridge located at the 3' and/or the 5' end of a nucleotide can make artificial RNAs disclosed herein more resistant to degradation (i.e., are stabilized). Exemplary modified internucleotide bridges include phosphorothioate, phosphorodithioate, NR.sup.1R2-phosphoramidate, boranophosphate, .alpha.-hydroxybenzyl phosphonate, phosphate-(C.sub.1-C.sub.21)--O-alkyl ester, phosphate-[(C.sub.6-C.sub.12)aryl-(C.sub.1-C.sub.21)--O-alkyl]ester, (C.sub.1-C.sub.8)alkylphosphonate and/or (C.sub.6-C.sub.12)arylphosphonate bridges, (C.sub.7-C.sub.12)-a-hydroxymethyl-aryl, wherein (C.sub.6-C.sub.12)aryl, (C.sub.6-C.sub.20)aryl and (C.sub.6-C.sub.14)aryl are optionally substituted by halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, nitro, cyano, and where R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 are, independently of each other, hydrogen, (C.sub.1-C.sub.18)-alkyl, (C.sub.6-C.sub.20)-aryl, (C.sub.6-C.sub.14)-aryl-(C.sub.1-C.sub.8)-alkyl, hydrogen, (C.sub.1-C.sub.8)-alkyl, (C.sub.1-C.sub.4)-alkyl and/or methoxyethyl, or R.sup.1 and R.sup.2 form, together with the nitrogen atom carrying them, a 5-6-membered heterocyclic ring which can additionally contain a further heteroatom from the group O, S and N. Dephospho bridges can also be used. Dephospho bridges are described, for example, in Uhlmann and Peyman in "Methods in Molecular Biology", Vol. 20, "Protocols for Oligonucleotides and Analogs", Agrawal, Ed., Humana Press, Totowa 1993, Chapter 16, pp. 355 ff). Exemplary dephospho bridges include formacetal, 3'-thioformacetal, methylhydroxylamine, oxime, methylenedimethyl-hydrazo, dimethylenesulfone and/or silyl groups.

[0085] Beta-ribose units can be replaced by modified sugar units such as 3-D-ribose, .beta.-D-2'-deoxyribose, L-2'-deoxyribose, 2'-F-2'-deoxyribose, 2'-F-arabinose, 2'-O--(C.sub.1-C.sub.6)alkyl-ribose, 2'-O--(C.sub.1-C.sub.6)alkyl-ribose, 2'-O-methylribose, 2'-O--(C.sub.2-C.sub.6)alkenyl-ribose, 2'[O--(C.sub.1-C.sub.6)alkyl-O--(C.sub.1-C.sub.6)alkyl]-ribose, 2'--NH.sub.2-2'-deoxyribose, .beta.-D-xylo-furanose, .alpha.-arabinofuranose, 2,4-dideoxy-.beta.-D-erythro-hexo-pyranose or carbocyclic and/or open-chain sugar analogs and/or bicyclosugar analogs.

[0086] Sugar phosphate units from the sugar phosphate backbone can also be replaced by other units such as "morpholino-derivative" oligomers (see, for example, Stirchak et al. (1989) Nucleic Acids Res 17:6129-41); polyamide nucleic acids (PNA; see, for example, Nielsen et al. (1994) Bioconjug Chem 5:3-7) such as by 2-aminoethylglycine; peptide nucleic acids with phosphate groups (PHONA); locked nucleic acids (LNA); and/or nucleotides having backbone sections with alkyl linkers or amino linkers. Alkyl linkers can be branched or unbranched, substituted or unsubstituted, and chirally pure or a racemic mixture.

[0087] Artificial RNAs disclosed herein can also be conjugated to lipophilic or lipid moieties. Exemplary lipophilic or lipid moieties include cholesteryls, modified cholesteryls, cholesterol derivatives, reduced cholesterols, substituted cholesterols, cholestans, C.sub.1-6 alkyl chains, cholic acid, taurocholic acid, deoxycholate, oleyl litocholic acid, oleoyl cholenic acid, glycolipids, phospholipids, sphingolipids, isoprenoids, saturated fatty acids, unsaturated fatty acids or fatty acid esters. The lipophilic or lipid moieties can be attached via any suitable direct or indirect linkage such as, without limitation, by an ester or an amide. Linkages can include spacer moieties, for example one or more nucleotide residues, oligoethyleneglycol, triethyleneglycol, hexaethylenegylcol or an alkane-diol, such as butanediol.

[0088] Artificial RNAs disclosed herein can also be conjugated to Nuclear Localization Signals (NLS). "Nuclear localization signals" are sequences (in some embodiments amino acid sequences) that can direct artificial RNAs in the cytoplasm of a cell across the nuclear membrane and into the nucleus of the cell. A nuclear localization signal can also target the exterior surface of a cell. Thus, a single nuclear localization signal can direct the artificial RNA with which it is associated to the exterior of a cell and to the nucleus of a cell. Nuclear localization signals are generally basic, comprise a short sequence of 4-8 amino acids and are typically rich in lysine and arginine residues while also often comprising proline residues.

[0089] While particular RNA sequences are described, the current disclosure also encompasses RNA sequences that hybridize with the specifically disclosed RNA sequences. An RNA sequence "hybridizes" to another RNA sequences when a single stranded form of the RNA sequence anneals to the other RNA sequence under the appropriate conditions of temperature and solution ionic strength. Hybridization and washing conditions are well known and exemplified in Sambrook, J., Fritsch, E. F. and Maniatis, T. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual, Second Ed., Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor (1989), particularly Chapter 11 and Table 11.1 therein (incorporated by reference herein for its teachings regarding the same). The conditions of temperature and ionic strength determine the "stringency" of the hybridization. Stringency conditions can be adjusted to screen for moderately similar RNA sequences to highly similar RNA sequences. Post-hybridization washes determine stringency conditions. One set of hybridization conditions to demonstrate that RNA sequences hybridize uses a series of washes starting with 6.times.SSC, 0.5% SDS at room temperature for 15 min, then repeated with 2.times.SSC, 0.5% SDS at 45.degree. C. for 30 min, and then repeated twice with 0.2.times.SSC, 0.5% SDS at 50.degree. C. for 30 min. Stringent conditions use higher temperatures in which the washes are identical to those above except for the temperature of the final two 30 min washes in 0.2.times.SSC, 0.5% SDS is increased to 60.degree. C. Highly stringent conditions use two final washes in 0.1 SSC, 0.1% SDS at 65.degree. C. Those of ordinary skill in the art will recognize that these temperature and wash solution salt concentrations may be adjusted as necessary according to factors such as the length of the tested RNA sequences.

[0090] RNA sequences that share a % identity with the RNA sequences explicitly disclosed herein are also within the scope of the present disclosure. The % identity is at least 90%, at least 91%, at least 92%, at least 93%, at least 94%, at least 95%, at least 96%, at least 97%, at least 98% or at least 99%. As is known in the art, "% identity" refers to a relationship between two or more RNA sequences, as determined by comparing the sequences. In the art, "identity" also means the degree of sequence relatedness between RNA sequences as determined by the match between strings of such sequences. "Identity" (often referred to as "similarity") can be readily calculated by known methods, including (but not limited to) those described in:Computational Molecular Biology (Lesk, A. M., ed.) Oxford University Press, NY (1988); Biocomputing:lnformatics and Genome Projects (Smith, D. W., ed.) Academic Press, NY (1994); Computer Analysis of Sequence Data, Part I (Griffin, A. M., and Griffin, H. G., eds.) Humana Press, NJ (1994); Sequence Analysis in Molecular Biology (Von Heijne, G., ed.) Academic Press (1987); and Sequence Analysis Primer (Gribskov, M. and Devereux, J., eds.) Oxford University Press, NY (1992), each incorporated by reference herein for its teachings regarding the same. Preferred methods to determine identity are designed to give the best match between the sequences tested. Methods to determine identity and similarity are codified in publicly available computer programs. Sequence alignments and percent identity calculations may be performed using the Megalign program of the LASERGENE bioinformatics computing suite (DNASTAR, Inc., Madison, Wis.). Multiple alignment of the sequences can also be performed using the Clustal method of alignment (Higgins and Sharp (1989) CABIOS. 5:151-153, incorporated by reference herein for its teaching regarding the same) with default parameters (GAP PENALTY=10, GAP LENGTH PENALTY=10). Relevant programs also include the GCG suite of programs (Wisconsin Package Version 9.0, Genetics Computer Group (GCG), Madison, Wis.); BLASTP, BLASTN, BLASTX (Altschul, et al., J. Mol. Biol. 215:403-410, 1990, incorporated by reference herein for its teaching regarding the same); DNASTAR (DNASTAR, Inc., Madison, Wis.); and the FASTA program incorporating the Smith-Waterman algorithm (Pearson, Comput. Methods Genome Res., [Proc. Int. Symp.] (1994), Meeting Date 1992, 111-20. Editor(s):Suhai, Sandor. Publisher:Plenum, New York, N.Y. incorporated by reference herein for its teaching regarding the same). Within the context of this disclosure, and where not otherwise specified, it will be understood that where sequence analysis software is used for analysis, the results of the analysis are based on the "default values" of the program referenced. As used herein "default values" will mean any set of values or parameters which originally load with the software when first initialized.

[0091] IV. Production of Artificial RNAs and/or Drosha Protein

[0092] General texts which describe molecular biological techniques to form nucleotide sequences and proteins include Sambrook, Molecular Cloning:a Laboratory Manual (2nd ed.) Vols. 1-3, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, (1989); Current Protocols in Molecular Biology Ausubel, ed. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York (1997); Laboratory Techniques in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology: Hybridization with Nucleic Acid Probes, Part 1. Theory and Nucleic Acid Preparation, P. Tijssen, ed. Elsevier, N.Y. (1993); Berger and Kimmel, Guide to Molecule Cloning Techniques Methods in Enzymology volume 152 Academic Press, Inc., San Diego, Calif. These texts describe the synthesis of nucleic acids and proteins as well as mutagenesis, the use of vectors, promoters and many other relevant topics related to generation and expression of genes encoding RNA, miRNA and protein. Techniques for isolation, purification and manipulation of nucleic acids, RNA, miRNA, genes, and proteins such as subcloning into expression vectors, labeling probes, and nucleotide hybridization are also described in the texts above and are well known to one of ordinary skill in the art.

[0093] The RNAs (including, without limitation, artificial RNAs, miRNAs and artificial miRNAs) and proteins disclosed herein can be formed by any technique known to one of ordinary skill in the art, including by chemical synthesis, enzymatic production or recombinant methods.

[0094] Chemical synthesis can be achieved by the diester method, the triester method, the phosphorylase method and/or by solid-phase chemistry. For example, chemical synthesis of RNAs can be performed using phosphotriester, phosphite or phosphoramidite chemistry and solid phase techniques such as described in EP 266,032 or via deoxynucleoside H-phosphonate intermediates as described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,705,629, each incorporated herein by reference for their teachings regarding the same.

[0095] A non-limiting example of enzymatic production includes amplification reactions such as polymerase chain reactions (PCR; see for example, U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,683,202 and 4,682,195, each incorporated by reference for their teachings regarding the same), or enzymatic synthesis as described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,645,897, incorporated by reference herein for its teachings regarding the same.

[0096] Recombinant RNAs and recombinant proteins include those produced from cells transformed by an exogenous DNA construct encoding the desired RNA or protein. Recombinant production methods are also well known in the art. For example, RNA molecules or proteins can be encoded by a nucleic acid molecule within a vector. The term "vector" refers to a carrier nucleic acid molecule into which a nucleic acid sequence can be inserted for introduction into a cell where it can be replicated. Vectors include plasmids, cosmids, viruses (bacteriophage, animal viruses, and plant viruses), and artificial chromosomes (e.g., YACs). One of ordinary skill in the art is well equipped to construct appropriate vectors through standard recombinant techniques. In addition to encoding RNA or proteins as disclosed herein, vectors can also encode sequences such as tags or targeting molecules. Targeting molecules can direct expressed RNA or protein to a particular location in a cell, to an organ, tissue, distant cell, or other location in a subject's body.

[0097] There are a number of ways in which vectors can be introduced into cells. Exemplary methods include microinjection, electroporation, lipid transfection, liposome mediated transfection, calcium phosphate transfection, calcium phosphate precipitation, DEAE-dextran followed by polyethylene glycol, sonic loading, microprojectile bombardment; or agitation with silicon carbide fibers. Recombinant methods can also be performed in cell free systems so long as the reagents for generating the RNA molecule are present. Additional methods for artificial RNA synthesis can be found in, without limitation, U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,659,774; 4,704,362; 4,816,571; 4,959,463; 5,141,813; 5,221,619; 5,264,566; 5,428,148; and U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,554,744; 5,574,146; 5,583,013; and 5,602,244 each of which is incorporated by reference herein for their teachings regarding the same.

[0098] V. Methods of Use

[0099] RNA, including miRNA, have been implicated in a wide variety of diseases and disorders. miRNA, artificial miRNA and Drosha up- and down-regulation disclosed herein can be used in therapeutic applications directed to, without limitation, acne, ADHD, adult-onset diabetes, age spots, age-related hearing loss, age-related macular degeneration, age-related vision change, AIDS, alcohol withdrawal, alcoholism, allergic rhinitis, allergies, alopecia, altitude sickness, Alzheimer's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), anemia, aneurism, angina, anxiety disorder, aplastic anemia, areata, arthritis, asthma, atherosclerosis, athlete's foot, atopic dermatitis, atrial fibrillation, autoimmune disease, Behcet's syndrome, Bell's palsy, bipolar disorder, bone disease, bradycardia, cardiovascular disease, cataracts, celiac disease, cerebral palsy, chloasma, congestive heart failure, conjunctivitis, cornea keratitis, Crohn's disease, cystic fibrosis, dandruff, dementia, depressive disorders, dermatitis, diabetes, diabetes mellitus, type 1, diabetes mellitus, type 2, dry-eye syndrome, dry skin, dysthymia, eclampsia, eczema, endocarditis, endometriosis, enlarged prostate, epilepsy, erectile dysfunction, essential tremor, fibroids, fibromyalgia, glaucoma, Graves disease, Guillain-Barre syndrome, hemophilia, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, Huntington's disease, hyperthyroidism, hypoparathyroidism, hypothyroidism, immune thrombocytopenic purpura, inflammatory bowel disease, insomnia, irritable bowel syndrome, juvenile arthritis, keloids, lactose intolerance, liver spots, locomotor dysfunction, lupus, major depression, manic depression, melasma, memory loss, multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, myasthenia gravis, myocardial infarction, myocarditis, myopia, narcolepsy, obesity, obsessive-compulsive disorder, optic nerve swelling, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, Paget's disease, Parkinson's disease, pain, panic disorder, peripheral vascular disease, pernicious anemia, phobia, pigmentation disorders, post-partum depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, preeclampsia, pregnancy-induced hypertension, presbyopia, psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, renal failure, restless legs syndrome, Reye's syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, rosacea, scars, schizophrenia, sciatica, scleroderma, seizures, sexual dysfunction, sickle cell anemia, skin blemishes, spider veins, sterility, stroke, sun-damaged skin, systemic lupus, Tay-Sachs disease, tendonitis, tennis elbow, tension headache, thrombocytopenia, tinnitus, ulcer, urinary incontinenece, varicose veins, vitiligo, and wrinkles.

[0100] miRNA, artificial miRNA and Drosha up- and down-regulation disclosed herein can be used in therapeutic applications directed to treatment of various cancers including, without limitation, bladder cancer, blood cancer, bone cancer, bone marrow cancer, brain cancer, breast cancer, colon cancer, esophageal cancer, gastrointestinal cancer, gum cancer, head cancer, kidney cancer, liver cancer, lung cancer, nasopharynx cancer, neck cancer, ovarian cancer, prostate cancer, skin cancer, stomach cancer, testicular cancer, tongue cancer, uterine cancer, neoplastic cancer, malignant cancer; carcinomas; sarcomas; lymphomas; Hodgkin's lymphomas; non-Hodgkin's lymphomas; and leukemias.

[0101] miRNA, artificial miRNA and Drosha up- and down-regulation disclosed herein can be used in therapeutic applications directed to infectious diseases, i.e., those arising from the presence of a foreign microorganism in the body. A microbial antigen, as used herein, is an antigen of a microorganism. Microorganisms include but are not limited to, infectious viruses, infectious bacteria, and infectious fungi.

[0102] Examples of infectious viruses include: Retroviridae (e.g. human immunodeficiency viruses, such as HIV-1 (also referred to as HTLV-III, LAV or HTLV-III/LAV, or HIV-III; and other isolates, such as HIV-LP; Picornaviridae (e.g. polio viruses, hepatitis A virus; enteroviruses, human Coxsackie viruses, rhinoviruses, echoviruses); Calciviridae (e.g. strains that cause gastroenteritis); Togaviridae (e.g. equine encephalitis viruses, rubella viruses); Flaviridae (e.g. dengue viruses, encephalitis viruses, yellow fever viruses); Coronoviridae (e.g. coronaviruses); Rhabdoviradae (e.g. vesicular stomatitis viruses, rabies viruses); Filoviridae (e.g. ebola viruses); Paramyxoviridae (e.g. parainfluenza viruses, mumps virus, measles virus, respiratory syncytial virus); Orthomyxoviridae (e.g. influenza viruses); Bungaviridae (e.g. Hantaan viruses, bunga viruses, phleboviruses and Nairo viruses); Arena viridae (hemorrhagic fever viruses); Reoviridae (e.g. reoviruses, orbiviurses and rotaviruses); Birnaviridae; Hepadnaviridae (Hepatitis B virus); Parvovirida (parvoviruses); Papovaviridae (papilloma viruses, polyoma viruses); Adenoviridae (most adenoviruses); Herpesviridae (herpes simplex virus (HSV) 1 and 2, varicella zoster virus, cytomegalovirus (CMV), herpes virus; Poxyiridae (variola viruses, vaccinia viruses, pox viruses); and lridoviridae (e.g. African swine fever virus); and unclassified viruses (e.g. the etiological agents of Spongiform encephalopathies, the agent of delta hepatitis (thought to be a defective satellite of hepatitis B virus), the agents of non-A, non-B hepatitis (class 1=internally transmitted; class 2=parenterally transmitted (i.e. Hepatitis C); Norwalk and related viruses, and astroviruses).

[0103] Examples of infectious bacteria include: Helicobacter pyloris, Borelia burgdorferi, Legionella pneumophilia, Mycobacteria sps (e.g. M. tuberculosis, M. avium, M. intracellulare, M. kansaii, M. gordonae), Staphylococcus aureus, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, N. meningitidis, Listeria monocytogenes, Streptococcus pyogenes (Group A S.), S. agalactiae (Group B S.), S. viridans group, S. faecalis, S. bovis, S. pneumoniae, pathogenic Campylobacter sp., Enterococcus sp., Haemophilus influenzae, Bacillus anthracis, Corynebacterium diphtheriae, Corynebacterium sp., Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, Clostridium perfringens, Clostridium tetani, Enterobacter aerogenes, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pasturella multocida, Bacteroides sp., Fusobacterium nucleatum, Treponema palladium, Treponema pertenue, Leptospira, Rickettsia, and Actinomyces israelli.

[0104] Examples of infectious fungi include: Cryptococcus neoformans, Histoplasma capsulatum, Coccidioides immitis, Blastomyces dermatitidis, Chlamydia trachomatis, and Candida albicans. Other infectious organisms (i.e., protists) include: Plasmodium such as Plasmodium falciparum, P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. vivax and Toxoplasma gondii.

[0105] Other exemplary infections include athlete's foot, chickenpox, common cold, diarrheal diseases, flu, genital herpes, malaria, meningitis, pneumonia, sinusitis, various skin diseases, strep throat, tuberculosis, urinary tract infections, vaginal infections, viral hepatitis, and prion diseases.

[0106] miRNAs that up-regulate cell growth include miR-31, miR-150, miR-187, miR-125a, miR-190, miR-191, miR-193, miR-204, and miR-218. Accordingly, in conditions with less than optimal cell growth, such as degenerative diseases, including neural degeneration, multiple sclerosis, or macular degeneration, it would be beneficial to up-regulate these miRNAs. Of these miRNAs, for example, miR-31 and miR-150 are semi-rigid and miR-193 is mis-matched. When an up-regulation of cell growth is intended, mis-matches at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site of these miRNAs can be removed to render them less susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels. When a down-regulation of cell growth is intended, additional mis-matches can be introduced at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site to render the miRNA more susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels.

[0107] miRNAs that down-regulate cell growth include miR-21 and miR-24. Of these miRNAs, miR-21 is semi-rigid and miR-24 is rigid. Accordingly, in conditions with excessive cell growth, such as breast cancer, cervical cancer, colon cancer, liver cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, skin cancer, stomach cancer, and testicular cancer, it would be beneficial to up-regulate these miRNAs. When a down-regulation of cell growth is intended, mis-matches at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site of these miRNAs can be removed to render them less susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels. When an up-regulation of cell growth is intended, additional mis-matches can be introduced at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site to render the miRNA more susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels.

[0108] miRNAs such as miR-7, miR-19a, miR-23, miR-24, miR-27a, miR-31, miR-32, miR-134, miR-140, miR-150, miR-192, and miR-193 reduce cell viability. Of these miRNAs, for example, miR-7 and miR-23 are semi-rigid, and miR-19a is rigid. In conditions related to increased cell viability, such as cancerous tumors, hyperthyroidism, overactive adrenal gland, and hyperlipidemia, it would be beneficial to up-regulate these miRNAs in order to reduce cell viability. When a down-regulation of cell viability is intended, mis-matches at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site of these miRNAs can be removed to render them less susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels. When an up-regulation of cell viability is intended, additional mis-matches can be introduced at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site to render the miRNA more susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels.

[0109] miRNAs such as miR-107, miR-133, miR-137, miR-152, miR-155, miR-181a, miR-191, miR-203, and miR-215 increase cell viability. Of these miRNAs, for example, miR-155, miR-191, miR-203, and miR-215 are semi-rigid. Accordingly, in conditions with decreased cell viability, such as cirrhosis of the liver, HIV, and cell degeneration, it would be beneficial to up-regulate these miRNAs in order to increase cell viability. When an up-regulation of cell viability is intended, mis-matches at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site of these miRNAs can be removed to render them less susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels. When a down-regulation of cell viability is intended, additional mis-matches can be introduced at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site to render the miRNA more susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels.

[0110] An increase in the percentage of apoptotic cells is caused by miR-338, miR-27a, miR-128, miR-23a, miR-324, miR-22, miR-181a, mmu-miR-293, mmu-miR-412, miR-196, miR-31, Let-7d, miR-23b, mu-miR-290, miR-217, miR-199, miR-24, miR-214, and miR-198. Of these miRNAs, miR-23a and miR-338 are semi-rigid and miR-27a is quasi-rigid, for example. Accordingly, in conditions related to insufficient apoptosis, such as carcinomas, bone cancers, tumors, glioma, thyroid cancer, and throat cancer, it would be beneficial to up-regulate these miRNAs. When an up-regulation of apoptosis is intended, mis-matches at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site of these miRNAs can be removed to render them less susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels. When a down-regulation of apoptosis is intended, additional mis-matches can be introduced at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site to render the miRNA more susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels.

[0111] miRNAs that decrease the percentage of apoptotic cells include miR-105, miR-34a, miR-96, mmu-miR-292, miR-126, miR-137, and miR-101. Of these miRNAs, miR-96 and miR-126 are semi-rigid. Accordingly, in conditions related to excessive apoptosis, such as HIV, neurodegenerative diseases, hematologic diseases, and tissue damage, it would be beneficial to up-regulate these miRNAs. When a down-regulation of apoptosis is intended, mis-matches at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site of these miRNAs can be removed to render them less susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels. When an up-regulation of apoptosis is intended, additional mis-matches can be introduced at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site to render the miRNA more susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels.

[0112] miRNAs including miR-31 and miR-214 reduce cell proliferation. Of these miRNAs, miR-31 is semi-rigid, and miR-214 is mis-matched. When a down-regulation of cell proliferation is intended, mis-matches at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site of these miRNAs can be removed to render them less susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels. When an up-regulation of cell proliferation is intended, additional mis-matches can be introduced at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site to render the miRNA more susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels.

[0113] An increase in cell proliferation is caused by miRNAs such as miR-7, miR-1-2, miR-148, miR-195, miR-196, miR-199a, miR-204, miR-210, miR-211, miR-212, miR-215, miR-216, miR-218, miR-296, and miR-321. Of these miRNAs, miR-7, miR-148, and miR-195 are semi-rigid, for example. When an up-regulation of cell proliferation is intended, mis-matches at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site of these miRNAs can be removed to render them less susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels. When a down-regulation of cell proliferation is intended, additional mis-matches can be introduced at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site to render the miRNA more susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels.

[0114] miRNAs such as miR-100, miR-130a, miR-211, miR-212, miR-213, miR-215, miR-224, miR-292, miR-320, miR-324, miR-325, miR-330, miR-338, miR-369, miR-370, and miR-99a increase the proliferation of Prostate 22Rv1 cells. Of these miRNAs, miR-211 and miR-212 are quasi-rigid. When an up-regulation of cell proliferation is intended, mis-matches at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site of these miRNAs can be removed to render them less susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels. When a down-regulation of cell proliferation is intended, additional mis-matches can be introduced at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site to render the miRNA more susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels.

[0115] miRNAs such as miR-10b and miR-152 decrease proliferation of Prostate 22Rv1 cells. Of these miRNAs, miR-10b is rigid, and miR-152 is semi-rigid. When a down-regulation of cell proliferation is intended, mis-matches at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site of these miRNAs can be removed to render them less susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels. When an up-regulation of cell proliferation is intended, additional mis-matches can be introduced at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site to render the miRNA more susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels.

[0116] miRNAs including miR-210 and miR-216 increase the proliferation of skin TE354T cells. Of these miRNAs, miR-210 and miR-216 are quasi-rigid. When an up-regulation of cell proliferation is intended, mis-matches at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site of these miRNAs can be removed to render them less susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels. When a down-regulation of cell proliferation is intended, additional mis-matches can be introduced at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site to render the miRNA more susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels.

[0117] miRNAs including Let-7a, Let-7b, Let-7g, miR-10a, miR-10b, miR-133b, miR-155, miR-15a, miR-16, miR-181a, miR-182, miR-193, miR-194, miR-196, mi-204, miR-23a, miR-24, miR-25, miR-92, and miR-95 decrease proliferation of skin TE354T cells. Of these miRNAs, let-7a is semi-rigid, and miR-181a is quasi-rigid. When a down-regulation of cell proliferation is intended, mis-matches at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site of these miRNAs can be removed to render them less susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels. When an up-regulation of cell proliferation is intended, additional mis-matches can be introduced at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site to render the miRNA more susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels.

[0118] miRNAs including miR-216, miR-217, and miR-294 increase the proliferation of breast MCF12a cells. Of these miRNAs, miR-216 is quasi-rigid, and miR-217 is semi-rigid. When an up-regulation of cell proliferation is intended, mis-matches at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site of these miRNAs can be removed to render them less susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels. When a down-regulation of cell proliferation is intended, additional mis-matches can be introduced at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site to render the miRNA more susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels.

[0119] miRNAs including Let-7a, Let-7b-1, Let-7c, Let-7d, miR-10a, miR-10b, miR-133a, miR-152, miR-153, miR-155, miR-16, miR-181a, miR-183, miR-184, miR-186, miR-191, miR-200b, miR-412, and miR-9 decrease proliferation of breast MCF12a cells. Of these miRNAs, let-7c is quasi-rigid, miR-152 is semi-rigid, and miR-10a is rigid. When a down-regulation of cell proliferation is intended, mis-matches at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site of these miRNAs can be removed to render them less susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels. When an up-regulation of cell proliferation is intended, additional mis-matches can be introduced at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site to render the miRNA more susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels.

[0120] miRNAs including miR-129, miR-326, miR-331, miR-338, miR-341, miR-370, and miR-92 increase the proliferation of lung A549 cells. Of these miRNAs, mir-129 is semi-rigid, and miR-370 is quasi-rigid. When an up-regulation of cell proliferation is intended, mis-matches at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site of these miRNAs can be removed to render them less susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels. When a down-regulation of cell proliferation is intended, additional mis-matches can be introduced at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site to render the miRNA more susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels.

[0121] miRNAs such as Let-7a-1, miR-133a-2, miR-142, miR-187, miR-199a-1, miR-206, miR-211, miR-222, miR-223, miR-23b, miR-298, miR-328, miR-342, and miR-371 decrease proliferation of lung A549 cells. Of these miRNAs, miR-187 is semi-rigid, and miR-211 is quasi-rigid. When a down-regulation of cell proliferation is intended, mis-matches at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site of these miRNAs can be removed to render them less susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels. When an up-regulation of cell proliferation is intended, additional mis-matches can be introduced at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site to render the miRNA more susceptible to fluctuating Drosha expression levels.

[0122] Lupus-related miRNAs include miR-301, miR-199, miR-95, miR-105, mu-miR-290, miR-215, miR-188, miR-186, miR-211, miR-331, miR-137, miR-21, miR-223, and miR-342. miRNAs that may be related to prion diseases include miR-95, miR-135a, miR-7, miR-9, miR-27a, miR-130a, miR-16, miR-26a, and miR-24. miRNAs that are potentially associated with stroke include Let-7F-2, miR-16, miR-138, miR-139, miR30A, miR-31, miR-140, miR-298, miR-28, and miR-291-5P.

[0123] An additional aspect of the current disclosure is the design of drugs for use in the central nervous system (anti-depressants; anti-anxiety; anti-Alzheimer's; anti-Parkinson's; etc.) that have low activity in the liver. These drugs would be RNA-based with mis-matches introduced at one or more of positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site. In particular embodiments, 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 mis-matches are introduced at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site. In particular embodiments, 3, 4, or 5 mis-matches are introduced at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site.

[0124] Orally-administered RNA-based therapeutics are processed through the liver before reaching other sites of action. Introduction of mis-matches at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site can minimize the RNA's effect in the liver while maintaining an effect in other targets of interest with higher Drosha expression. Accordingly, these drugs would be RNA-based with mis-matches introduced at one or more of positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site. In particular embodiments, 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 mis-matches are introduced at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site. In particular embodiments, 3, 4, or 5 mis-matches are introduced at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site.

[0125] Alternatively, RNA-based drugs that target the liver could have mis-matches removed to increase potency in the liver. Such RNA-based drugs could be used as therapies for, without limitation, obesity, alcohol metabolism, altering drug processing and/or glycogen storage. In particular embodiments, these drugs would be RNA-based with mis-matches removed at one or more of positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site. In particular embodiments, 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 mis-matches are removed at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site. In particular embodiments, 1, 2 or 3 mis-matches are removed at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site.

[0126] For applications where a local effect of an RNA therapy is desired, the secondary structure can be altered to minimize the effect on surrounding tissues relative to the target tissue. For example the intestine has high Drosha expression levels compared to the liver and pancreas, so a mismatched, highly mis-matched or fully mis-matched RNA administered to the intestine would show relatively high levels in the intestine, whereas any RNA that is diffused or transported to the liver and/or pancreas would have a minimal effect in the those organs, thus reducing the risk of side effects. Applications include obesity medications that inhibit uptake of nutrients by the intestine, as well as other gastric conditions, intestinal parasites, cancer, irritable bowel syndrome, lactose intolerance, etc. These drugs would be RNA-based with mis-matches introduced at one or more of positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site. In particular embodiments, 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 mis-matches are introduced at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site. In particular embodiments, 3, 4, or 5 mis-matches are introduced at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site.

[0127] As another example, the ovaries have relatively high drosha expression levels compared to the uterus. For RNA therapeutics specifically targeting the ovaries (such as potential fertility treatments) RNA can be designed with mismatches incorporated to minimize the effect on the uterus as well as surrounding tissues, while still having an effect on the targeted ovaries. These drugs would be RNA-based with mis-matches introduced at one or more of positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site. In particular embodiments, 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 mis-matches are introduced at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site. In particular embodiments, 3, 4, or 5 mis-matches are introduced at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site.

[0128] As another example, Drosha levels vary throughout T-cell development, where young T-cells have high Drosha expression levels, which decrease as the T-cells mature. RNA therapeutics can be designed with or without mismatches in the positions 5 and/or 9-12 nucleotides from the Drosha cutting site to target mature or young T-cells respectively. This could be of importance in any therapeutic involving the immune response, such as AIDS, allergies, cancer, parasites, viral and bacterial infections, auto-immune diseases, etc. (e.g., the majority of all diseases). Embodiments targeting young T-cells would have mis-matches introduced at one or more of positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site. In particular embodiments, 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 mis-matches are introduced at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site. In particular embodiments, 3, 4, or 5 mis-matches are introduced at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site. In embodiments targeting mature T-cells, mis-matches would be removed at one or more of positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site. In particular embodiments, 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 mis-matches are removed at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site. In particular embodiments, 3, 4, or 5 mis-matches are removed at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site.

[0129] In further examples, Drosha levels vary during many types of cellular differentiation (such as neuronal differentiation), with a maximum expression 6-12 days after differentiation begins. miRNAs for over expression can be designed (i) without mismatches in the 5, and 9-12 positions to maintain constant levels throughout the differentiation process, or (ii) alternatively with mismatches to maximize the effect specifically for the 6-12 day time point. In these embodiments, mis-matches would be removed at one or more of positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site to maintain constant levels. In particular embodiments, 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 mis-matches are removed at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site. In particular embodiments, 3, 4, or 5 mis-matches are removed at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site. In further embodiments, mis-matches would be introduced at one or more of positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site to target the 6-12 day period. In these particular embodiments, 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 mis-matches are introduced at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site. In particular embodiments, 3, 4, or 5 mis-matches are introduced at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site.

[0130] The current disclosure also applies to the tissue culture environment. In the tissue culture environment several cell types are grown simultaneously in the same environment, e.g. embryonic stem cells are commonly grown on a layer of irradiated mouse embryonic fibroblasts. Depending on the stage the embryonic cells are in, RNA that are overexpressed can be tailored to minimize the effect on other cell types that are present.

[0131] As noted, many cancer cells have high Drosha expression levels. Accordingly, miRNA therapeutics can be designed that are maximally effective in the cancerous cells while having fewer effects in healthy cells. In these embodiments, the miRNA would have mis-matches introduced at one or more of positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site to target the cancer cells. In these particular embodiments, 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5 mis-matches are introduced at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site. In particular embodiments, 3, 4, or 5 mis-matches are introduced at positions 5 and/or 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site.

[0132] In therapeutic applications, an effective amount of miRNA, artificial miRNA, Drosha protein or Drosha inhibitor can be administered to a subject in the form of an administered therapeutic and/or as part of a genetic therapy. An "effective amount" is the amount of miRNA, artificial miRNA, Drosha protein or Drosha inhibitor necessary to result in a desired physiological change in the subject. The term "therapeutically effective amount" is the amount of miRNA, artificial miRNA, Drosha protein or Drosha inhibitor necessary to achieve a desired effect with respect to a disease or condition. The therapeutically effective amount can, but need not, cure the disease or condition. For example, the therapeutically effective amount can provide a partial benefit, such as alleviation or improvement of at least one symptom of the disease or condition.

[0133] In the context of cancers, therapeutically effective amounts can inhibit tumor growth, inhibit cancer cell proliferation, prevent metastasis, reduce the number of metastases, induce cancer cell death, induce apoptosis of cancer cells, inhibit angiogenesis near cancer cells, reduce cancer-associated pain, reduce relapse or re-occurrence, induce chemo- or radiosensitivity in cancer cells and/or prolong a subject's life.

[0134] For administration, effective amounts and therapeutically effective amounts (referred to herein as doses) can be initially be estimated based on results from in vitro assays and/or animal model studies. For example, a dose can be formulated in animal models to achieve a circulating concentration range that includes the IC.sub.50 as determined in cell culture. Such information can be used to more accurately determine useful doses in humans, veterinary animals (for example, dogs, cats and horses), livestock (for example, cattle, buffalo, sheep, pigs, goats, chickens), research animals (for example, monkeys, rats, mice, fish, flies and worms), other domesticated animals (for example, animals in zoos, circuses and aquariums including elephants, tigers, lions, sharks, rays and dolphins) and plants (all subjects herein).

[0135] The actual dosage amount administered to a particular subject can be determined by a physician, veterinarian or researcher taking into account parameters such as physical and physiological factors including body weight, severity of condition, type of disease, previous or concurrent therapeutic interventions, idiopathy of the subject and route of administration.

[0136] Useful doses often range from 0.1 to 5 mg/kg/day or from 0.5 to 1 mg/kg/day or from 0.1 to 5 .mu.g/kg/day or from 0.5 to 1 .mu.g/kg/day. In other non-limiting examples, a dose can comprise from 1 .mu.g/kg/day, 5 .mu.g/kg/day, 10 .mu.g/kg/day, 50 .mu.g/kg/day, 100 .mu.g/kg/day, 200 .mu.g/kg/day, 350 .mu.g/kg/day, 500 .mu.g/kg/day, 1 mg/kg/day, 5 mg/kg/day, 10 mg/kg/day, 50 mg/kg/day, 100 mg/kg/day, 200 mg/kg/day, 350 mg/kg/day, 500 mg/kg/day or 1000 mg/kg/day. Effective amounts and therapeutically effective amounts can be achieved by administering single or multiple doses during the course of a treatment regimen (days, weeks, months, etc.).

[0137] In certain embodiments, miRNA, artificial miRNA, Drosha protein, Drosha inducer or Drosha inhibitor are provided as part of pharmaceutical compositions. The pharmaceutical compositions can comprise, for example, at least 0.1% miRNA, artificial miRNA, Drosha protein or Drosha inhibitor. In other embodiments, the pharmaceutical composition can comprise between 2% to 75% of the weight of the unit, or between 25% to 60% of the weight of the unit miRNA, artificial miRNA, Drosha protein or Drosha inhibitor.

[0138] Pharmaceutical compositions can be formulated in any conventional manner using one or more physiologically acceptable carriers, diluents, excipients or auxiliaries which facilitate processing of miRNA, artificial miRNA, Drosha protein, Drosha inhibitor miRNA vectors, artificial miRNA vectors, Drosha protein vectors or Drosha inhibitor vectors (in the context of formulations, all hereafter collectively referred to as "the therapeutics") into preparations which can be used pharmaceutically. Proper formulation is dependent upon the route of administration chosen.

[0139] The therapeutics can be included within formulations for administration as free bases, neutral or as pharmaceutically acceptable salts. Pharmaceutically acceptable salts are those that substantially retain the biologic activity of free bases. Pharmaceutically acceptable salts, include the acid addition salts, e.g., those formed with the free amino groups of a proteinaceous composition, or which are formed with inorganic acids such as for example, hydrochloric or phosphoric acids, or such organic acids as acetic, oxalic, tartaric or mandelic acid. Salts formed with the free carboxyl groups can also be derived from inorganic bases such as for example, sodium, potassium, ammonium, calcium or ferric hydroxides; or such organic bases as isopropylamine, trimethylamine, histidine or procaine. Pharmaceutical salts tend to be more soluble in solvents than the corresponding free base forms.

[0140] The therapeutics can also be attached or conjugated to other chemical entities to increase cellular uptake. Exemplary chemical entities include acridine derivatives, 2-methoxy-6-chloro-9-aminoacridine, cross-linkers, psoralen derivatives, azidophenacyl, proflavin, azidoproflavin, metal complexes, EDTA-Fe(II), o-phenanthroline-Cu(I), porphyrin-Fe(II), alkylating moieties, endonucleases, artificial endonucleases, amino-1-hexanolstaphylococcal nuclease, alkaline phosphatase, terminal transferases, abzymes, cholesteryl moieties, lipophilic carriers, lipofectin, DOTMA, DOPE, DOTAP, peptide conjugates, long chain alcohols, phosphate esters, amino acids, mercapto groups, polylysine or other polyamines.

[0141] The therapeutics may particularly be administered in combination with a cationic amine such as poly (L-lysine) and/or may be conjugated to a chemical moiety, such as transferrin and/or cholesteryls. In particular embodiments, linking the therapeutics to a suitable array of mannose residues targets them to the liver.

[0142] In particular embodiments, the therapeutics can be introduced into cells by microinjection, electroporation, lipid transfection, liposome mediated transfection, calcium phosphate transfection, calcium phosphate precipitation, DEAE-dextran followed by polyethylene glycol, sonic loading, microprojectile bombardment, or agitation with silicon carbide fibers.

[0143] Certain aspects of the disclosure include contacting and introducing into a target cell a vector capable of expressing a pri-miRNA to regulate the expression of a target gene in the cell. The vector produces the pri-miRNA transcript, which is then processed into precursor microRNA in the cell, which is then processed to produce the mature functional miRNA which is capable of altering accumulation of a target protein in the target cell. Accumulation of the protein may be effected in a number of different ways. For instance the miRNA may directly or indirectly affect translation or may result in cleavage of the mRNA transcript or even effect stability of the protein being translated from the target mRNA. MiRNA may function through a number of different mechanisms. The methods and products of the disclosure are not limited to any one mechanism. The method may be performed in vitro, e.g., for studying gene function, ex vivo or in vivo, e.g. for therapeutic purposes.

[0144] The therapeutics can also be provided as pro-drugs. The term "prodrug" refers to a therapeutic that can undergo biotransformation (e.g., either spontaneous or enzymatic) within the subject to release, or to convert (e.g., enzymatically, mechanically, electromagnetically, etc.) an active or more active form of the therapeutic after administration. Prodrugs can be used to overcome issues associated with stability, toxicity, lack of specificity, or limited bioavailability and often offer advantages related to solubility, tissue compatibility, and/or delayed release (See e.g., Bundgard, Design of Prodrugs, pp. 7-9, 21-24, Elsevier, Amsterdam (1985); and Silverman, The Organic Chemistry of Drug Design and Drag Action, pp. 352-401, Academic Press, San Diego, Calif. (1992) both incorporated by reference for their teachings regarding the same).

[0145] For example, a subject can be provided an miRNA or artificial miRNA molecule corresponding to a particular miRNA by administering a nucleic acid molecule that functions as the corresponding miRNA once inside the cell. In these embodiments, the nucleic acid molecule is processed into the intended miRNA or artificial miRNA once it has access to the cell's miRNA processing machinery. In particular embodiments, the processing is post-translational modifications, such as, without limitation, adenosine to inosine editing.

[0146] Exemplary protein prodrugs can comprise an active protein and a chemical masking group (e.g., a group that reversibly suppresses the activity of the protein). Some preferred prodrugs are variations or derivatives of proteins that have sequences that are cleavable under metabolic conditions. Exemplary prodrugs become active or more active in vivo or in vitro when they undergo a biochemical transformation (e.g., phosphorylation, hydrogenation, dehydrogenation, glycosylation, etc.).

[0147] When the therapeutics are provided as part of a genetic therapy, "in vivo expression elements" are any regulatory nucleotide sequence, such as a promoter sequences or promoter-enhancer combinations, which facilitate the efficient expression of the therapeutic following administration to a subject. The in vivo expression element may, for example, be a mammalian or viral promoter, such as a constitutive or inducible promoter or a tissue specific promoter, examples of which are well known to one of ordinary skill in the art. Constitutive mammalian promoters include polymerase promoters as well as the promoters for the following genes: hypoxanthine phosphoribosyl transferase (HPTR), adenosine deaminase, pyruvate kinase, and beta-actin. Exemplary viral promoters which function constitutively in eukaryotic cells include promoters from the simian virus, papilloma virus, adenovirus, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Rous sarcoma virus, cytomegalovirus, the long terminal repeats (LTR) of moloney leukemia virus and other retroviruses, and the thymidine kinase promoter of herpes simplex virus. Other constitutive promoters are known to those of ordinary skill in the art. Inducible promoters are expressed in the presence of an inducing agent and include metal-inducible promoters and steroid-regulated promoters. For example, the metallothionein promoters is induced to promote transcription in the presence of certain metal ion. Other inducible promoters are known to those of ordinary skill in the art.

[0148] Examples of tissue-specific promoters include: for muscle and cardiac tissue, creatine kinase and alpha-actin promoter; for B cells, immunoglobulin heavy or light chain promoters; for liver, HMG-COA reductase promoter, sterol regulatory element 1, phosphoenol pyruvate carboxy kinase (PEPCK) promoter, human C-reactive protein (CRP) promoter, human glucokinase promoter, cholesterol 7-alpha hydroylase (CYP-7) promoter, beta-galactosidase alpha-2,6 sialyltransferase promoter, insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP-1) promoter, aldolase B promoter, human transferrin promoter, and collagen type I promoter; for prostate, prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP) promoter, prostatic secretory protein of 94 (PSP 94) promoter, prostate specific antigen complex promoter, and human glandular kallikrein gene promoter (hgt-1); for gastric tissue, human H+/K+-ATPase alpha subunit promoter; for pancreas, pancreatitis associated protein promoter (PAP), elastase 1 transcriptional enhancer, pancreas specific amylase, elastase enhancer promoter, and pancreatic cholesterol esterase gene promoter; for endometrium, uteroglobin promoter; for adrenal cells, cholesterol side-chain cleavage (SCC) promoter; for nervous system, gamma-gamma enolase (neuron-specific enolase, NSE) promoter; for brain, neurofilament heavy chain (NF-H) promoter; for lymphocytes, human CGL-1/granzyme B promoter, terminal deoxy transferase (TdT), lambda 5, VpreB, Ick (lymphocyte specific tyrosine protein kinase p561ck) promoter, the human CD2 promoter and its 3' transcriptional enhancer, and the human NK and T cell specific activation (NKG5) promoter; for colon, pp60c-src tyrosine kinase promoter, organ-specific neoantigens (OSNs) promoter, and colon specific antigen-P promoter; for breast cells, human alpha-lactalbumin promoter; and for lung, cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene promoter. Other elements aiding specificity of expression in a tissue of interest can include secretion leader sequences, enhancers, nuclear localization signals, endosmolytic peptides, etc. In particular embodiments, these elements are derived from the tissue of interest to aid specificity.

[0149] VI. Formulations & Routes of Administration

[0150] Pharmaceutical compositions disclosed herein generally include pharmaceutically acceptable carriers which refer to compositions that do not produce significantly adverse, allergic or other untoward reactions that outweigh the therapeutic benefit of administration. Exemplary pharmaceutically acceptable carriers and formulations are disclosed in Remington's Pharmaceutical Sciences, 18th Ed. Mack Printing Company, 1990, which is incorporated by reference herein for its teachings regarding the same. Moreover, for human administration, all formulations will meet sterility, pyrogenicity, general safety and purity standards as required by U.S. FDA Office of Biological Standards and/or other relevant foreign regulatory agencies.

[0151] Generally used pharmaceutically acceptable carriers include any and all solvents, dispersion media, coatings, surfactants, antioxidants, preservatives (e.g., anti-oxidants, antibacterial agents, antifungal agents including parabens (e.g., methylparabens, propylparabens), chlorobutanol, phenol, sorbic acid, thimerosal or combinations thereof), isotonic agents, absorption delaying agents, salts, preservatives, stabilizers, gels, binders, disintegration agents, and lubricants. Except insofar as any conventional pharmaceutically acceptable carrier is incompatible with the particular therapeutic disclosed herein, its use in the pharmaceutical compositions is encompassed.

[0152] Formulations can be generated based on the chosen route of administration. Formulations can be administered by injection, inhalation, infusion, perfusion, lavage or ingestion. Routes of administration can include intravenous, intradermal, intraarterial, intraperitoneal, intralesional, intracranial, intraarticular, intraprostatic, intrapleural, intratracheal, intranasal, intravitreal, intravaginal, intrarectal, topically, intratumoral, intramuscular, intravesicular, intrapericardial, intraumbilical, intraocularal, subcutaneous, subconjunctival and/or mucosal.

[0153] For injection, formulations can be made as aqueous solutions, such as in buffers such as Hanks' solution, Ringer's solution, or physiological saline. The solutions can contain formulatory agents such as suspending, stabilizing and/or dispersing agents. Alternatively, the formulation can be in lyophilized and/or powder form for constitution with a suitable vehicle, e.g., sterile pyrogen-free water, before use.

[0154] For topical administration formulations can be made as solutions, gels, ointments, creams, suspensions, etc. as are well-known in the art.

[0155] For nasal administration, formulations can be made as aqueous solutions designed to be administered to the nasal passages in drops or sprays. Nasal solutions are prepared so that they are similar in many respects to nasal secretions, so that normal ciliary action is maintained. Thus, in preferred embodiments aqueous nasal solutions usually are isotonic or slightly buffered to maintain a pH of 5.5 to 6.5.

[0156] For transmucosal administration, formulations can be made with penetrants appropriate to the barrier to be permeated. Such penetrants are generally known in the art.

[0157] For oral administration, the formulations can be made as tablets, pills, dragees, capsules, liquids, gels, syrups, slurries, suspensions and the like. For oral solid formulations such as, for example, powders, capsules and tablets, suitable excipients include binders (gum tragacanth, acacia, cornstarch, gelatin), fillers such as sugars, e.g. lactose, sucrose, mannitol and sorbitol; dicalcium phosphate, starch, magnesium stearate, sodium saccharine, cellulose, magnesium carbonate; cellulose preparations such as maize starch, wheat starch, rice starch, potato starch, gelatin, gum tragacanth, methyl cellulose, hydroxypropylmethyl-cellulose, sodium carboxymethylcellulose, and/or polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP); granulating agents; and binding agents. If desired, disintegrating agents can be added, such as corn starch, potato starch, alginic acid, cross-linked polyvinylpyrrolidone, agar, or alginic acid or a salt thereof such as sodium alginate. If desired, solid dosage forms can be sugar-coated or enteric-coated using standard techniques. Flavoring agents, such as peppermint, oil of wintergreen, cherry flavoring, orange flavoring, etc. can also be used.

[0158] For administration by inhalation, formulations can be made as aerosol sprays from pressurized packs or a nebulizer, with the use of a suitable propellant, e.g., dichlorodifluoromethane, trichlorofluoromethane, dichlorotetrafluoroethane, carbon dioxide or other suitable gas. In the case of a pressurized aerosol the dosage unit may be determined by providing a valve to deliver a metered amount. Capsules and cartridges of gelatin for use in an inhaler or insufflator may be formulated containing a powder mix of the therapeutic and a suitable powder base such as lactose or starch.

[0159] Therapeutics can also be formulated as depot preparations. Such long acting formulations may be administered by implantation (for example subcutaneously or intramuscularly) or by intramuscular injection. Thus, for example, the therapeutic can be formulated with suitable polymeric or hydrophobic materials (for example as an emulsion in an acceptable oil) or ion exchange resins, or as sparingly soluble derivatives, for example, as a sparingly soluble salts.

[0160] Additionally, therapeutics can be delivered using sustained-release systems, such as semipermeable matrices of solid polymers containing the therapeutic. Various sustained-release materials have been established and are well known by those skilled in the art. Sustained-release capsules may, depending on their chemical nature, release the therapeutic for a few weeks up to over 100 days.

Examples

Materials and Methods

[0161] Counting Method. Position 1 was assigned to the first nucleotide pair after the Drosha cutting site. The nucleotides that would form the single stranded overhang after Drosha processing were assigned negative positions (-1, -2 etc.) and if the cutting site was known for only one strand the overhang was assumed to be 2nt. Positions were then assigned for each nucleotide pair in ascending order moving towards the Dicer cleavage site. The average hairpin contains several mismatches, which occasionally contain more nucleotides in one strand than in the other. Whenever such a length discrepancy occurred, the shorter strand was used to assign the mismatch position, using the later position whenever an asymmetric mismatch was located between two positions. Each position where the nucleotides were bound to each other was assigned the score 0, while positions with at least one nucleotide mismatched were given the score 1.

[0162] Genomic location. Data from miRBase was used to determine whether each miRNA was intronic or intergenic. The fold change values in the two groups are visualized in FIG. 2. Significance was calculated using a t-test. Information regarding whether each miRNA was intronic or intergenic was retrieved from miRBase and fold change distribution was analyzed for each of the two groups and differences in distribution was calculated using a t-test.

[0163] miRNA machinery and structure in neuronal differentiation. H1 cells were differentiated into neurons using 90% confluent cells on Matrigel. The differentiation was performed using a modified version of the dual SMAD inhibition protocol (Chambers et al. 2009), using the TGF-.beta. inhibitor SB432542, ALK inhibitor LDN193189, and cyclopamine in CDM Basal media, which was changed daily for 12 days. At time points 0, 6, and 12 days starting from the first addition of inhibitors, cells were harvested. mRNA and miRNA were purified using the RNeasy Plus Mini Kit, and the miRNeasy Mini Kit, respectively, according to manufacturer instructions (Qiagen). Expression levels were measured using RNAseq (Expression Analysis Inc) and single-color miRNA microarrays (LC Sciences) respectively. RNAseq expression data were then count- and length-normalized to transcripts per million (TPM) after exclusion of mitochondrial genes, and miRNA expression data were Lowess normalized for cross-chip comparisons.

[0164] H1 Cell Culture.

[0165] H1 human embryonic stem cell lines were cultured on a feeder layer (MEFs) in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM)/Ham's F-12 medium containing GlutaMax supplemented with 20% serum replacer (SR), 1 mM sodium pyruvate, 0.1 mM non-essential amino acids, 50 U/ml penicillin, 50 ug/ml streptomycin, 0.1 mM .beta.-mercapto-ethanol (Sigma-Aldrich, St. Louis), and 2 ng/ml basic fibroblast growth factor (Qi et al 2009). Knockdowns of Drosha and Dicer were generated by infection with lentiviral vectors containing shRNA constructs against Drosha and Dicer respectively. Control cells were infected with control viruses. After passaging the next day, infected cells were treated with blasticidin (0.5 ug/ul) for selection until discrete clusters of cells appeared. If cells showed less stability with respect to Drosha knockdown, cells were repeatedly selected with antibiotics (Qi et al. 2009).

[0166] Generation of HeLa line with Drosha knockdown. HeLa cells were transduced with a pL6-Tet lentiviral vector containing shRNA against Drosha (Qi et al. 2009) (Titer 1.79E+08, MOI of 1:10; 10 .mu.g/ml blasticidin selection for 4 days). Generation of the control cells was done with a pLKO.1 control lentivirus, (MOI 1:10; 10 .mu.g/ml puromycin selection for 4 days).

[0167] Drosha qPCR analysis. Drosha and DGCR8 levels were measured in Drosha KD and Control HeLa cells using the SYBR-GREEN Q-PCR kit. Drosha Ct values were normalized to GAPDH (.DELTA.Ct: Drosha-GAPDH). The .DELTA..DELTA.Ct values were calculated by subtracting the Drosha .DELTA.Ct values in the Control cells from those values in the KD cells. Fold change was calculated using the (2 (-.DELTA..DELTA.Ct)) method.

[0168] Total RNA extraction and quantitative RT-PCR analysis. Brain and liver tissues were dissected from WT mice (n=3). Tissues were homogenized using mortar and pestle in a liquid nitrogen bath. RNA was extracted from cells adherent on plates or from tissue homogenate using Trizol reagent (Invitrogen) and cDNA was synthesized with the Omniscript RT kit (Qiagen). Beta-actin or UBC was used as endogenous control for normalization. Quantitative PCR reactions were performed in triplicate using the SyberGreen (Applied Biosystems) with the 7300 real time PCR system (Applied Biosystems). Primers used in our study are listed in the following Table 4.

TABLE-US-00004 TABLE 4 qPCR Primer Sequences. Primer Sequence Drosha SS-AGGAGTACGCCATAACCAACG AS-CAATCGTGGAAAGAAGCAGACA .beta.-actin F-TCCCTGGAGAAGAGCTACG R-GTAGTTTCGTGGATGCCACA Gapdh SS-TGATGACATCAAGAAGCTGGTGAAG AS-TCCTTGGAGGCCATGTGGGCCAT Bleomycin F-AGCTGTACGCCGAGTGGTC R-CGTGTCAGTCCTGCTCCTC Ubc F-ATTTGGGTCGCGGTTCTTG R-TGCCTTGACATTCTCGATGGT

[0169] Normalized Drosha levels in the brain were compared to those in the liver and the fold change was calculated using the 2''(-.DELTA..DELTA.Ct) methods.

[0170] qPCR of miRNAs was conducted using TaqMan.RTM. miRNA assays (Applied Biosystems). miRNA expression was measured in both DroshaKD and Control HeLa cells. Raw Ct values for miRNAs were first normalized to RNU66 (endogenous snoRNA, internal control). Bleomycin values were normalized to GAPDH. To normalize to transfection efficiency, the normalized miRNA values were re-normalized to the normalized Bleomycin values (normalized miRNA .DELTA.Ct-normalized Bleomycin .DELTA.Ct). This new normalized value from control cells was subtracted from the corresponding value in the knockdown cells to generate the .DELTA..DELTA.Ct values. Fold change with respect to the control cells was calculated using the 2 (-.DELTA..DELTA.Ct) method.

[0171] Protein extraction and Western blot. With the exception of mouse tissues, protein extraction and Western blot analysis followed procedures that were described previously (Zhou et al., 2011). Briefly, cells were washed with Dulbecco's PBS (Sigma Aldrich, St. Louis, Mo.) and directly lysed on culture dish using M-PER Mammalian Protein Extraction Reagent (Thermo Scientific, Rockford, Ill.; 0.5 ml per 35 mm plate) and protease inhibitor cocktail (Complete Mini, Roche Applied Science, Germany). 20 .mu.g of protein extracts were loaded, separated by 4-20% SDS-PAGE using Mini-PROTEAN TGX Precast Gels (Bio-Rad, Hercules, Calif.), and transferred to polyvinylidene difluoride transfer membranes (Thermo Scientific). Membranes were blocked with 5% nonfat dry milk for at least 60 minutes at room temperature, and incubated overnight at 4.degree. C. with primary antibody. Blots were incubated for one hour with horseradish peroxidase-conjugated Blotting Grade Affinity Purified secondary antibodies (Bio-Rad) and were visualized by enhanced chemiluminescence (Millipore Corp, Billerica, Mass.). Protein expression levels in the gel were quantified by densitometry implemented in Image-J (National Institutes of Health, Bethesda http://rsb.info.nih.gov/ij/, 1997-2013). Antibodies used in this study are: rabbit anti-Drosha antibody (Cell Signaling Technology, Beverly, Mass.) diluted at 1:1000, mouse anti-.beta.-actin antibody (Santa Cruz Biotechnology, Santa Cruz, Calif.) diluted at 1:5000, goat anti-rabbit antibody (Bio-Rad Laboratories, Hercules, Calif.) diluted at 1:10000 and goat anti-mouse antibody (Bio-Rad Laboratories, Hercules, Calif.). For mouse tissues, the protocol above was followed for protein extraction, gel loading, and the quantification of Drosha expression. As a control, either Western using actin Ab or Coomassie Brilliant Blue R (Sigma Aldrich) staining was used. Entire-cell protein expression was quantified using Image-J.

[0172] Transfections. The mutations were performed on the passenger strand, leaving the mature strand unchanged in order to be able to detect both the mutated and non-mutated miRNAs using the same TaqMan.RTM. assay. The pri-miRNA inserts were amplified from genomic DNA by PCR, including the hairpin and -200nt flanks on each side. The inserts were ligated into a modified pcDNA3.1+ plasmid with the neomycin selection marker replaced with a bleomycin resistance gene. Mutated versions of the constructs, with altered mismatches in the 9-12 region, were ordered from Genscript. The miRNA constructs were transiently transfected into HeLa cells using Lipofectamine2000. RNA was extracted after 48 hours using Trizol.

[0173] Analysis of Drosha and miRNA expression in mouse tissues. For GDS3052 and GDS3142: These are two microarray analyses done in mouse using an Affymetrix Mouse Genome 430 2.0 chip. Drosha expression values were extracted from the datasets and were normalized to a gene that in both studies showed minimal variation between tissues; Eef2 (eukaryotic translation elongation factor 2). Drosha expression was represented as percent of Eef2 in the tissues.

[0174] For Takada et al. 2006: The miRNAs expressed in each tissue were first sorted according to number of clones (highest number of clones being highest expression and lowest number of clones being lowest expression). The miRNAs were then divided into groups based on the number of mismatches in the 5, 9-12 region (X-axis) and within each group the average expression level (Y-axis) was calculated by geometric mean.

[0175] In vitro processing of miRNAs. Plasmids for wild type (wt) and modified versions of mir-137 and mir-200b were linearized, gel purified and in vitro transcribed using the Riboprobe (Promega) protocol and labeled with .alpha..sup.32P-CTP. Transcripts were purified using the RNAeasy mini kit (Qiagen) and then allowed to fold by addition of KAc, heating to 95.degree. C. for 5 min and then kept on ice till the processing reaction. Processing was performed by mixing folded pri-microRNA transcripts with 8 .mu.g 293T cell nuclear extract (Protein One) for 10, 30 and 90 minutes at 37.degree. C. followed by trizol extraction and run on a 10% polyacrylamide-urea gel for 4 hours at 650V. Gel exposures were quantified using ImageJ64 software where intensities of bands corresponding to pre-miRNAs were normalized to regions containing pri-miRNA transcripts.

[0176] Statistical analysis. Throughout the experiments, P values for expression levels were calculated using Student's t-test. *, P<0.05; and **, P<0.01. Bars show Standard error of the mean (SEM) for at least 3 separate experiments. P-values for differences in mismatch trends were calculated in R using a chi-square test with Yates continuity correction.

Results

[0177] Differences in change of miRNA expression due to Drosha knockdown in hESC (H1) correlate with differences in predicted pri-miRNA secondary structures. Previous research in the laboratory used H1 human embryonic stem cells with Drosha KD to study the response to a general decrease of miRNAs in stem cells (Bar et al. 2008; Qi et al. 2009; Stadler et al. 2010). qPCR of 220 microRNAs in Drosha KD hESCs showed a general decrease of miRNA expression. However, a group of miRNAs was still processed efficiently, despite the 3-fold reduction of Drosha expression (FIG. 1). It seems logical that mirtrons (which bypass Drosha processing) would be unaffected by Drosha KD, however, few mirtrons are known (Berezikov et al. 2007) and none of the known mirtrons are in the 220 miRNAs assayed by qPCR. Mirtrons are generally located within small introns, but no statistically significant correlation could be verified between genomic location and fold change of miRNA expression (p=0.27); the mean fold change was 2.8 for intergenic miRNAs, and 2.4 for the intronic miRNAs (FIG. 2).

[0178] Given that bulges in the stem of RNA hairpins seem to prevent processing by the miRNA pathway in general, and that others have shown Drosha to differentially process miRNAs based on structural features (Han et al. 2006; Ritchie et al. 2007; Feng et al. 2011), it seems logical that differences in the number of mismatches in miRNA hairpins would alter their interaction with the Microprocessor, and could explain the variation of fold change in response to Drosha KD. In order to compare the three-dimensional shape of the pri-miRNAs in the described dataset, a novel method of assigning position within the miRNA hairpin was developed in order to give a better representation of the mismatch locations relative to each other and the Drosha cutting site in three dimensional space (FIG. 3A). Position assignment and mismatch counting was performed by defining the location of each mismatch in terms of distance from the Drosha cutting site using predicted secondary structure, counting asymmetric mismatches as the length of the shorter strand; this is different from previously described methods to calculate mismatch positions in pri-miRNAs, where asymmetry was not taken into account (Han et al. 2006).

[0179] The secondary structures for the 220 miRNAs from the H1 dataset were calculated using the ViennaRNA package (Hofacker et al. 1994), and exact locations of cutting sites were found through miRBase. The dataset contained 220 miRNAs, and 202 were selected by sorting out any miRNAs with ambiguous secondary structure predictions. The dataset was split in half based on fold change (FIG. 1, arrow), and the sums of mismatches at each nucleotide position were compared between the two groups. The summation revealed that miRNAs with a high fold change when Drosha levels were reduced had more mismatches in position(s) 5 and 10-12 than miRNAs with low fold change, and that these differences were statistically significant (FIG. 3B, C). A knockdown of Dicer did not result in the same trend (FIG. 10) In addition p-values were calculated for the quartiles at the extreme ends of the DroshaKD dataset, with a sample size extrapolated to that of the total data set (FIG. 3C). For subsequent experiments and analysis position 9 was also included because it follows the same trend as positions 10-12. This takes into account any lack of specificity in the method of assigning positions.

[0180] Correlation of Drosha expression and miRNA secondary structure profile in mature tissues. Having shown that pri-miRNA processing by Drosha is affected by the pri-miRNA secondary structure in cell culture whether this mechanism is used in vivo as a mechanism to selectively regulate groups of miRNAs based on secondary structure was also investigated. Because Drosha expression alters the expression of miRNAs with bulges in the central region more than miRNAs without (FIG. 3), and because of the crucial role of miRNAs for cellular biology, whether or not Drosha expression levels vary across cell type or according to developmental stage in mammals was examined. To find naturally occurring examples of Drosha variation, the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) was used to find microarray data of relevant gene expression in mature and differentiating mouse tissues.

[0181] From the GEO expression datasets GDS3052 and -3142, expression data for Drosha and common housekeeping genes in multiple mouse tissues was extracted and analyzed. In both datasets the expression of Drosha is dramatically lower in liver and submaxillary/salivary gland (4-10 fold) than in brain tissues when normalized to EEF2 (FIG. 4A-B). To test whether the difference in Drosha expression was dependent on the housekeeping gene used for normalization, the fold change of expression between liver and brain tissues for five housekeeping genes; EEF2, RPL13A, SDHA, TBP, and UBC was analyzed. The data revealed that the expression change for Drosha is greater than variation among known housekeeping genes (FIG. 4C-D), showing that Drosha is differentially expressed regardless of the housekeeping gene used for normalization.

[0182] The differential expression of Drosha in mouse brain and liver by qPCR was validated, and normalized to UBC, verifying that Drosha expression was 5.6 fold higher in the brain than in the liver (FIG. 4E; n=3, p<0.01). Furthermore, Western blotting revealed 9.6 or 3.2 fold higher Drosha protein expression in brain than in liver when normalized to total protein or to .beta.-actin expression, respectively (Coomassie Blue staining or to .beta.-actin Western; FIG. 4F,G; FIG. 11).

[0183] Having validated that Drosha levels are higher in brain than in liver, whether miRNA expression varies according to the number of mismatches in the 9-12nt region of the miRNAs in the two tissues was examined. miRNA expression data from mouse brain and liver (Takada et al. 2006) was analyzed. It was found that miRNAs with mismatches in positions 5 and 9-12 are enriched in brain but not in liver and that the difference was larger the more mismatches present (FIG. 4H), supporting the hypothesis that miRNAs with central mismatches are not processed efficiently when Drosha is limiting. This trend for miRNA expression did not correlate with mismatches in the other positions (FIG. 12).

[0184] Coordination of Drosha and miRNA expression by microRNA secondary structure during T-cell development and neuronal differentiation. Because Drosha levels vary between mature tissue types and expression levels of miRNAs with mismatches in the central region are high relative to rigid miRNAs when Drosha levels are high, whether this mechanism is used to dynamically alter the miRNA expression profiles during cell development was tested. In order to establish this relationship, Drosha expression levels during T-cell differentiation was determined and a 3-fold decrease in Drosha expression from double-negative T-cells (DN3) to CD4+ cells (Chong et al. 2010) (FIG. 5A) was found. In neuronal lineage, Drosha and Eef2 expression were compared during the proliferation of mouse neural progenitors (GDS3442). A significant decrease (p<0.01) in Drosha expression as the cells proliferate and mature in embryonic mouse brains was observed (FIG. 5B).

[0185] Whether the miRNA groups correlate with the Drosha levels was tested. It was found that the lower Drosha expression in CD4+ compared to DN3 cells correlates with lower expression of miRNAs with 5 mismatches in the region 5, 9-12nt from the Drosha cutting site and the ratio of expression between DN3 and CD4+ for miRNAs grouped by the number of mismatches in positions 5 and 9-12 shows that the difference in Drosha expression between DN3 and CD4+ cells correlates with a decrease in miRNA expression based on number of mismatches (FIG. 5C). In DN3 cells Drosha levels are relatively high, and mismatched miRNAs are highly expressed; in CD4+ cells Drosha levels are low, and predominantly rigid miRNAs are produced. This agrees with previous results that when Drosha levels are low the levels of mature miRNAs generated from mismatched hairpins go down disproportionately compared to rigid miRNAs (FIG. 3B-C, 4C-D). Mismatch counting of the complete hairpin, to control for the difference being local to the 5, 9-12 region, did not result in a similar trend (FIG. 13).

[0186] Drosha levels in hESC derived neuronal differentiation process were also determined. RNAseq data from early neuronal differentiation of H1 hESC shows an increase in Drosha, with a greater change occurring over day 0 to day 6 than day 6 to day 12 (FIG. 6A). Canonical and non-canonical components of the miRNA biogenesis pathway have a significantly greater change in expression between days 0 and 6 than between days 6 and 12 of the neural differentiation protocol. miRNA microarray data from the same period, day 0 to day 6, when Drosha levels increase, shows that the miRNAs with positive fold-change have significantly more mismatches in the region(s) 5, 9-12 than miRNAs with negative fold change (FIG. 6B). Between days 6 and 12, when changes in Drosha expression are significantly lower, no significant difference in number of mismatches can be found between miRNAs grouped by fold-change (FIG. 6C). This shows that when Drosha levels increase in early neuronal differentiation the expression of miRNAs generated from hairpins with mismatches in the 5, 9-12 region go up relative to more rigid hairpins, and when Drosha levels stabilize mismatched miRNAs no longer behave differently from rigid ones (FIG. 6B-C). Whether increasing or decreasing during cell development, changes in Drosha levels affect groups of miRNAs based on their secondary structure. To control for the difference being local to the 5, 9-12 region, mismatches were counted in the remaining positions for a subset of 166 miRNAs, where no similar trend was observed (FIG. 14).

[0187] Biochemical validation of the relationship between pri-miRNA secondary structure, miRNA expression, and Drosha expression in vivo. Given the spatial and developmental heterogeneity of Drosha expression and its' correlation with miRNA expression based on secondary structure (FIG. 3-6), it was hypothesized that mismatches in a miRNA hairpin approximately 9-12nt from the Drosha cutting site would confer increased sensitivity to low levels of Drosha. Conversely, the absence of mismatches would confer decreased sensitivity to Drosha expression. In order to test this hypothesis, the relative over expression of four miRNAs in two HeLa cell lines were compared; one with a stable Drosha knockdown, the other transduced with a control virus (Control). Drosha protein levels were significantly reduced in the KD line (5-fold reduction; FIG. 12) resulting in downregulation of endogenous miRNAs (FIG. 15). miR-145 and miR-200b were selected for over-expression in these cells due to the clear presence of mismatches 9-12 nt from the Drosha cutting site (FIG. 7A-B), making them ideal candidates to represent miRNAs at one end of the spectrum with regards to secondary structure. For the same reason, miR-137 and miR-9-1 were selected due to the clear absence of mismatches 9-12 nt from the Drosha cutting site (FIG. 7C-D). Modifications of the 9-12nt region were designed to either insert or remove mismatches without disrupting the rest of the hairpin, while preserving the primary sequence of the mature miRNA, changing each miRNA from one extreme structure to the other while allowing for detection by traditional methods (FIG. 7A-D). Because alteration of the secondary structure close to the Drosha cutting site has previously been shown to completely disrupt processing and may affect strand selection during RISC loading, this region was not modified. (Zeng and Cullen 2003; Noland et al. 2011) Fold change of miRNA over expression (KD/ctrl; referred to as "relative over expression") was measured by qPCR to determine whether or not mismatches in the central region determine sensitivity to Drosha in vivo.

[0188] For miR-145, mutation from a semi-rigid to a rigid stem increased relative over expression by 1.52-fold, p<0.01 (FIG. 8A). For miR-137, mutation from a rigid stem to a less rigid stem decreased relative over expression by 3.84-fold, p<0.05 (FIG. 8B). For miR-200b, mutation from a quasi-rigid to a more rigid stem increased relative over-expression by 3.76-fold, p=0.05 (FIG. 8C). For miR-9-1, mutation to create mismatches in the 9-12nt region decreased relative over-expression by 4.66-fold (FIG. 8D). These data show that the addition or removal of mismatches did affect the level of miRNA overexpression in DroshaKD/Control, with more mismatches generating a lower ratio than the corresponding miRNA without mismatches 9-12nt from the Drosha cutting site.

[0189] In vitro processing of modified miRNAs. Having shown the differential processing of rigid and mismatched miRNAs in vivo, this relationship was tested in vitro. Linearized plasmids containing wild type (wt) and modified versions of mir-137 (203nt) and mir-200b (430nt) were in vitro transcribed and radiolabeled, followed by Drosha processing for 10, 30 and 90 minutes using nuclear extract from 293T cells. The resulting RNA was purified and visualized on a 10% urea-polyacrylamide gel (FIG. 9A). Intensities of the bands corresponding to the pre-miRNA were quantified and normalized to the intensities of the regions containing pri-miRNA. Negative controls using only protein buffer and no lysate showed no detection in the bands used to quantify pre-miRNAs. Calculation of expression ratios of normalized 10 min and 90 min samples showed a consistently higher ratio for more rigid miRNAs than for their more mismatched counterparts (FIG. 9B). While the fold changes are smaller in in vitro assay compared to in vivo experiments (compare FIG. 8B-C to FIG. 9), the trend is the same, consistently showing that mismatched miRNAs have a higher sensitivity to reduced Drosha activity.

Discussion

[0190] It has been shown that when Drosha levels change, the change in expression levels of miRNAs with mismatches in the hairpin, 9-12nt from the Drosha cutting site is greater than the change in expression levels of miRNAs that lack mismatches in the same region. This correlation was found in mature mouse tissues and during development. The sensitivity to changes in Drosha expression for miRNAs was also achieved by changing their secondary structure. These data suggest that secondary structure of miRNA affects miRNA's processing efficiency when Drosha is limiting and that differentiating cells may use this as a means of miRNA regulation.

[0191] Previous work on standardizing the miRNA secondary structure and cataloguing mismatch locations has used the approach of assigning mismatch positions for each strand of the hairpin separately (Han et al. 2006). In order to improve the representation of mismatch locations in three dimensional space, a mismatch mapping technique was developed that takes both strands into consideration simultaneously in the analysis. This counting method resulted in a very consistent measurement of 21nt between the Drosha and Dicer cutting sites, which is consistent with previous reports indicating that Dicer processing of pre-miRNAs with asymmetric mismatches seems to explain the heterogeneity of length observed amongst mature miRNAs, and is also consistent with the idea that Dicer processing utilizes `molecular rulers` which are size invariant (Starega-Roslan et al. 2010), which indicates that the developed counting method provides a good representation of the shape of the miRNA.

[0192] A relationship between secondary structure and pri-miRNA processing is well established, but no previous studies have focused specifically on the 9-12nt region within the pre-miRNA portion of the pri-miRNA and processing. pri-miRNAs are generally shorter, have fewer bulges and internal loops, and overall less mismatched bases within the stem region than non-miRNA-generating RNA transcripts, implying that secondary structure prediction is a reliable predictor of Drosha and Dicer processing (Ritchie et al. 2007). Furthermore, the secondary structure of pri-miRNAs controls the specificity and efficiency of Drosha processing, in vitro and in vivo, suggesting that Drosha substrate specificity may act as a mechanism for global regulation of miRNA expression profiles (Feng et al. 2011). On the other hand, it has also been shown that polymorphisms in pri-miRNA secondary structure do not affect processing (Diederichs and Haber 2006), but only one of the examined single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) was within the pre-miRNA portion of the pri-miRNA structure. In a wider search of human miRNA genes, it was determined that SNPs did affect the processing and function of miRNAs and most of these SNPs were found between the Dicer and Drosha cutting sites (Sun et al. 2009). The results presented herein could explain the significance of SNPs outside the seed region, but within the pre-miRNA structure, of some cancer and disease related miRNAs, such as the mutation in the stem of hsa-mir-125a (Duan et al. 2007), or in miR-181b-2, miR-208, miR-520e (Wu et al. 2008).

[0193] The miRNA biogenesis is regulated on multiple levels. The transcription of primary miRNAs (pri-miRNA) is regulated by common transcription factors, e.g. c-Myc (Abdelmohsen et al. 2012), and some miRNAs are also found to be subject to methylation (Brueckner et al. 2007). miRNAs are transcribed in the nucleus by RNA polymerase II or III (Borchert et al. 2006; Kim and Nam 2006) as part of the pri-miRNA, whose length is highly variable, ranging from .about.200 up to several thousand nucleotides (Du and Zamore 2005; Cullen 2006). Drosha and DGCR8 bind the pri-miRNA, and Drosha cleaves pri-miRNAs at the base of the stem-loop and liberates a structure known as the precursor microRNA (pre-miRNA), which is .about.60-70 nucleotides in length and forms a frequently mismatched hairpin structure with a 2 nucleotide 3' overhang (Basyuk et al. 2003; Lee et al. 2003; Ritchie et al. 2007). The DGCR8 mRNA has stem loop structures that can be cleaved by the Microprocessor, accordingly giving the Microprocessor a self regulating mechanism (Han et al. 2009). The pre-miRNA is transported from the nucleus to the cytoplasm by Exportin-5 and is subsequently cleaved by the enzyme Dicer with its cofactor trans-activator RNA (tar)-binding protein (TRBP) (Chendrimada et al. 2005), with a notable exception in mir-451, which bypasses Dicer cleavage and is processed by Ago instead (Cheloufi et al. 2010). Dicer cleavage is further regulated by Lin28, which binds to pre-miRNAs from the let-7 family (Nam et al. 2011). Dicer acts by binding the 3'-overhang and cleaves the pri-miRNA .about.22nt from the Drosha-cutting site to remove the terminal loop, resulting in an imperfect .about.22nt called miRNA:miRNA* (Hutvagner et al. 2001; Bernstein and Allis 2005; Feng et al. 2012). The miRNA enters the RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC), and the miRNA* is degraded, in a process where strand selection is variable (Bartel 2004; Du and Zamore 2005; Cullen 2006; Kim and Nam 2006). Although several mechanisms have been identified by which expression levels of select miRNAs are affected, and though Drosha is known to regulate overall Drosha expression, it has never previously been shown that the cell selectively can change miRNA expression profiles by altering levels of Drosha expression.

[0194] The current disclosure shows that Drosha levels vary between tissues and throughout cellular development, and that miRNAs without mismatches in the 9-12nt region are overrepresented in cells with low levels of Drosha, while highly mismatched miRNAs are highly expressed in cells with high levels of Drosha, and that this behavior can be altered by changing the miRNA secondary structure. This supports the hypothesis that the cell selectively regulates more rigid and more mismatched miRNAs by altering Drosha expression. This mechanism contributes to the phenotypic relevance of specific levels of Drosha expression in development and terminal differentiation. In addition to other examples of post-transcriptional regulation, this can explain why some polycistronic miRNAs that are driven by the same promoter have very different expression levels, and the impact of SNPs, as stated above. This mechanism may be utilized while designing artificial miRNAs to increase stability, control expression levels throughout differentiation, or fine-tune miRNA expression in different tissue types.

[0195] As will be understood by one of ordinary skill in the art, each embodiment disclosed herein can comprise, consist essentially of or consist of its particular stated element, step, ingredient or component. As used herein, the transition term "comprise" or "comprises" means includes, but is not limited to, and allows for the inclusion of unspecified elements, steps, ingredients, or components, even in major amounts. The transitional phrase "consisting of" excludes any element, step, ingredient or component not specified. The transition phrase "consisting essentially of" limits the scope of the embodiment to the specified elements, steps, ingredients or components and to those that do not materially affect the embodiment. As used herein, a material effect would result in an RNA that remains relatively unaffected by Drosha regulation when compared to an RNA with a different number of mis-matches in positions 5 and 9-12 from the Drosha cutting site.

[0196] Unless otherwise indicated, all numbers expressing quantities of ingredients, properties such as molecular weight, reaction conditions, and so forth used in the specification and claims are to be understood as being modified in all instances by the term "about." Accordingly, unless indicated to the contrary, the numerical parameters set forth in the specification and attached claims are approximations that may vary depending upon the desired properties sought to be obtained by the present invention. At the very least, and not as an attempt to limit the application of the doctrine of equivalents to the scope of the claims, each numerical parameter should at least be construed in light of the number of reported significant digits and by applying ordinary rounding techniques. When further clarity is required, the term "about" has the meaning reasonably ascribed to it by a person skilled in the art when used in conjunction with a stated numerical value or range, i.e. denoting somewhat more or somewhat less than the stated value or range, to within a range of .+-.20% of the stated value; .+-.19% of the stated value; .+-.18% of the stated value; .+-.17% of the stated value; .+-.16% of the stated value; .+-.15% of the stated value; .+-.14% of the stated value; .+-.13% of the stated value; .+-.12% of the stated value; .+-.11% of the stated value; .+-.10% of the stated value; .+-.9% of the stated value; .+-.8% of the stated value; .+-.7% of the stated value; .+-.6% of the stated value; .+-.5% of the stated value; .+-.4% of the stated value; .+-.3% of the stated value; .+-.2% of the stated value; or .+-.1% of the stated value.

[0197] Notwithstanding that the numerical ranges and parameters setting forth the broad scope of the invention are approximations, the numerical values set forth in the specific examples are reported as precisely as possible. Any numerical value, however, inherently contains certain errors necessarily resulting from the standard deviation found in their respective testing measurements.

[0198] The terms "a," "an," "the" and similar referents used in the context of describing the invention (especially in the context of the following claims) are to be construed to cover both the singular and the plural, unless otherwise indicated herein or clearly contradicted by context. Recitation of ranges of values herein is merely intended to serve as a shorthand method of referring individually to each separate value falling within the range. Unless otherwise indicated herein, each individual value is incorporated into the specification as if it were individually recited herein. All methods described herein can be performed in any suitable order unless otherwise indicated herein or otherwise clearly contradicted by context. The use of any and all examples, or exemplary language (e.g., "such as") provided herein is intended merely to better illuminate the invention and does not pose a limitation on the scope of the invention otherwise claimed. No language in the specification should be construed as indicating any non-claimed element essential to the practice of the invention.

[0199] Groupings of alternative elements or embodiments of the invention disclosed herein are not to be construed as limitations. Each group member may be referred to and claimed individually or in any combination with other members of the group or other elements found herein. It is anticipated that one or more members of a group may be included in, or deleted from, a group for reasons of convenience and/or patentability. When any such inclusion or deletion occurs, the specification is deemed to contain the group as modified thus fulfilling the written description of all Markush groups used in the appended claims.

[0200] Certain embodiments of this invention are described herein, including the best mode known to the inventors for carrying out the invention. Of course, variations on these described embodiments will become apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art upon reading the foregoing description. The inventor expects skilled artisans to employ such variations as appropriate, and the inventors intend for the invention to be practiced otherwise than specifically described herein. Accordingly, this invention includes all modifications and equivalents of the subject matter recited in the claims appended hereto as permitted by applicable law. Moreover, any combination of the above-described elements in all possible variations thereof is encompassed by the invention unless otherwise indicated herein or otherwise clearly contradicted by context.

[0201] Furthermore, numerous references have been made to patents and printed publications throughout this specification. Each of the above-cited references and printed publications are individually incorporated herein by reference in their entirety.

[0202] In closing, it is to be understood that the embodiments of the invention disclosed herein are illustrative of the principles of the present invention. Other modifications that may be employed are within the scope of the invention. Thus, by way of example, but not of limitation, alternative configurations of the present invention may be utilized in accordance with the teachings herein. Accordingly, the present invention is not limited to that precisely as shown and described.

[0203] The particulars shown herein are by way of example and for purposes of illustrative discussion of the preferred embodiments of the present invention only and are presented in the cause of providing what is believed to be the most useful and readily understood description of the principles and conceptual aspects of various embodiments of the invention. In this regard, no attempt is made to show structural details of the invention in more detail than is necessary for the fundamental understanding of the invention, the description taken with the drawings and/or examples making apparent to those skilled in the art how the several forms of the invention may be embodied in practice.

[0204] Definitions and explanations used in the present disclosure are meant and intended to be controlling in any future construction unless clearly and unambiguously modified in the following examples or when application of the meaning renders any construction meaningless or essentially meaningless. In cases where the construction of the term would render it meaningless or essentially meaningless, the definition should be taken from Webster's Dictionary, 3rd Edition or a dictionary known to those of ordinary skill in the art, such as the Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (Ed. Anthony Smith, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2004).

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Sequence CWU 0 SQTB SEQUENCE LISTING The patent application contains a lengthy "Sequence Listing" section. A copy of the "Sequence Listing" is available in electronic form from the USPTO web site (http://seqdata.uspto.gov/?pageRequest=docDetail&DocID=US20170044529A1). An electronic copy of the "Sequence Listing" will also be available from the USPTO upon request and payment of the fee set forth in 37 CFR 1.19(b)(3).

0 SQTB SEQUENCE LISTING The patent application contains a lengthy "Sequence Listing" section. A copy of the "Sequence Listing" is available in electronic form from the USPTO web site (http://seqdata.uspto.gov/?pageRequest=docDetail&DocID=US20170044529A1). An electronic copy of the "Sequence Listing" will also be available from the USPTO upon request and payment of the fee set forth in 37 CFR 1.19(b)(3).

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