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United States Patent Application 20170086177
Kind Code A1
WU; Yuchun ;   et al. March 23, 2017

METHOD FOR PROCESSING PHYSICAL DOWNLINK CONTROL CHANNEL DATA, TRANSMITTING END, AND USER EQUIPMENT

Abstract

A method for processing physical downlink control channel data, a transmitting end, and a user equipment are provided and relate to the field of communications, which can extract a scrambling sequence in multiple modulation modes, so that scrambling and descrambling are performed on physical downlink control channel data in multiple modulation modes. The method includes: generating a scrambling sequence corresponding to a control channel element according to an index number of the control channel element and/or a modulation mode used by the control channel element; performing scrambling on physical downlink control channel data by using the scrambling sequence; and sending the scrambled physical downlink control channel data to a user equipment. The embodiments of the present application are used to perform scrambling and descrambling on physical downlink control channel data.


Inventors: WU; Yuchun; (Beijing, CN) ; FENG; Shulan; (Beijing, CN)
Applicant:
Name City State Country Type

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Shenzhen

CN
Family ID: 1000002311131
Appl. No.: 15/365694
Filed: November 30, 2016


Related U.S. Patent Documents

Application NumberFiling DatePatent Number
14316226Jun 26, 20149544889
15365694
PCT/CN2012/085923Dec 5, 2012
14316226

Current U.S. Class: 1/1
Current CPC Class: H04B 7/0413 20130101; H04W 72/042 20130101
International Class: H04W 72/04 20060101 H04W072/04; H04B 7/04 20060101 H04B007/04

Foreign Application Data

DateCodeApplication Number
Dec 26, 2011CN201110441964.6
Feb 24, 2012CN201210044256.3

Claims



1. A method for processing physical downlink control channel data, comprising: generating a scrambling sequence corresponding to a control channel element according to an index number of the control channel element and/or a modulation mode used by the control channel element; performing scrambling on physical downlink control channel data by using the scrambling sequence; and sending the scrambled physical downlink control channel data to a user equipment.
Description



CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0001] This application is a continuation of U.S. application Ser. No. 14/316,226, filed on Jun. 26, 2014, which is a continuation of International Patent Application No. PCT/CN2012/085923, filed on Dec. 5, 2012, which claims priority to Chinese Patent Application No. 201110441964.6, filed on Dec. 26, 2011, and Chinese Patent Application No. 201210044256.3, filed on Feb. 24, 2012, all of which are incorporated herein by reference in their entireties.

TECHNICAL FIELD

[0002] The present application relates to the field of communications, and in particular, to a method for processing physical downlink control channel data, a transmitting end, and a user equipment.

BACKGROUND

[0003] An LTE (long term evolution) project is an evolution of 3G and is a transition between 3G technology and 4G technology. The LTE is a global 3.9G standard, which improves and enhances an air access technology of 3G. In addition, the LTE improves performance of cell edge users, increases a cell capacity, and reduces a system delay, and employs an OFDM (orthogonal frequency division multiplexing) and an MIMO (multiple input multiple output). The LTE is a unique standard for radio network evolution of the LTE.

[0004] During transmission of downlink service data of the LTE, multiple UEs (User Equipment, user terminal, briefly referred to as user) in one cell multiplextime frequency resources dynamically, where time frequency resources occupied by each UE are controlled by a PDCCH (physical downlink control channel) corresponding to the UE. When a transmitting end transmits a control signal to UEs, the transmitting end needs to perform scrambling on PDCCHs of the UEs.

[0005] In the prior art, in LTE Rel-10 and earlier releases, scrambling sequences used to perform scrambling on PDCCHs of UEs are extracted from a long sequence. Specifically, each PDCCH includes at least one CCE (control channel element), where a data length of each CCE is 36 REs (resource element); because a modulation mode of the PDDCH in LTE Rel-10 and earlier releases is a QPSK (quadrature phase shift keying), in which each RE is 2 bits, a scrambling sequence that needs to be extracted by each CCE is 72 bits long; because scrambling sequences that need to be extracted by all CCEs are in the same length, an start position of a corresponding scrambling sequence that needs to be extracted by a current CCE can be determined by merely knowing how many CCEs have already extracted a scrambling sequence.

[0006] In LTE Rel-11, because CoMP (coordinated multi-point), MU-MIMO (multiple user-multiple input multiple output) enhancement and the like are considered, the PDCCH capacity becomes a bottleneck to the increase of system throughput. Therefore, further enhancement of the PDCCH capacity is considered in the 3GPP (the 3rd Generation Partnership Project). A newly added PDCCH channel is called an ePDCCH (enhanced physical downlink control channel), and each ePDCCH includes at least one eCCE (enhanced control channel element). In LTE Rel-11, the modulation mode of the ePDCCH is no longer only the QPSK, and may further be a 16QAM modulation and a 64QAM modulation. In this way, a data length of each eCCE in the ePDCCH is no longer fixed, and therefore the length of a scrambling sequence that needs to be extracted is no longer always 72 bits. When a k.sup.th eCCE in the ePDCCH uses the QPSK modulation mode, the length of a scrambling sequence that needs to be extracted by the k.sup.th eCCE is 2.times.N.sub.eCCE.sub.k.sup.RE bits; when the k.sup.th eCCE uses the 16QAM (quadrature amplitude modulation), the length of the scrambling sequence is 4.times.N.sub.eCCE.sub.k.sup.RE bits; when the k.sup.th eCCE uses the 64QAM, the length of the scrambling sequence is 6.times.N.sub.eCCE.sub.k.sup.RE bits. In this case, an start position of a corresponding scrambling sequence that needs to be extracted by a current eCCE cannot be computed by merely knowing how many eCCEs have extracted a scrambling sequence, which results in that the current eCCE cannot extract a scrambling sequence. In this way, scrambling and descrambling cannot be performed on the ePDCCH in multiple modulation modes.

SUMMARY

[0007] Embodiments of the present application provide a method for processing physical downlink control channel data, a transmitting end, and a user equipment, which can extract a scrambling sequence in multiple modulation modes, so that scrambling and descrambling are performed on physical downlink control channel data in multiple modulation modes.

[0008] To achieve the foregoing objective, the embodiments of the present application use the following technical solution:

[0009] In one aspect, an embodiment of the present application provides a method for processing physical downlink control channel data, including:

[0010] generating a scrambling sequence corresponding to a control channel element according to an index number of the control channel element and/or a modulation mode used by the control channel element;

[0011] performing scrambling on physical downlink control channel data by using the scrambling sequence; and

[0012] sending the scrambled physical downlink control channel data to a user equipment.

[0013] In one aspect, an embodiment of the present application provides another method for processing physical downlink control channel data, including:

[0014] generating a scrambling sequence corresponding to a control channel element according to an index number of the control channel element and/or a modulation mode used by the control channel element;

[0015] receiving scrambled physical downlink control channel data from a transmitting end; and

[0016] performing descrambling on the physical downlink control channel data by using the scrambling sequence.

[0017] In another aspect, an embodiment of the present application provides a transmitting end, including:

[0018] a first scrambling sequence generating unit, configured to generate a scrambling sequence corresponding to a control channel element according to an index number of the control channel element and/or a modulation mode used by the control channel element;

[0019] a scrambling unit, configured to perform scrambling on physical downlink control channel data by using the scrambling sequence; and

[0020] a transmitting unit, configured to send the scrambled physical downlink control channel data to a user equipment.

[0021] In another aspect, an embodiment of the present application provides a user equipment, including:

[0022] a second scrambling sequence generating unit, configured to generate a scrambling sequence corresponding to a control channel element according to an index number of the control channel element and/or a modulation mode used by the control channel element;

[0023] a receiving unit, configured to receive scrambled physical downlink control channel data from a transmitting end; and

[0024] a descrambling unit, configured to perform descrambling on the physical downlink control channel data by using the scrambling sequence.

[0025] In the method for processing physical downlink control channel data, the transmitting end, and the user equipment provided by the embodiments of the present application, by generating a scrambling sequence according to an index number of a control channel element and/or a modulation mode used by the control channel element, a scrambling sequence in multiple modulation modes is extracted, so that scrambling and descrambling are performed on physical downlink control channel data in multiple modulation modes.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

[0026] To illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application more clearly, the following briefly introduces the accompanying drawings required for describing the embodiments. Apparently, the accompanying drawings in the following description show merely some embodiments of the present application, and a person of ordinary skill in the art may still derive other drawings from these accompanying drawings without creative efforts.

[0027] FIG. 1 is a first schematic diagram of a method for processing physical downlink control channel data according to an embodiment of the present application;

[0028] FIG. 2 is a second schematic diagram of a method for processing physical downlink control channel data according to an embodiment of the present application;

[0029] FIG. 3 is a third schematic diagram of a method for processing physical downlink control channel data according to an embodiment of the present application;

[0030] FIG. 4 is a fourth schematic diagram of a method for processing physical downlink control channel data according to an embodiment of the present application;

[0031] FIG. 5 is a fifth schematic diagram of a method for processing physical downlink control channel data according to an embodiment of the present application;

[0032] FIG. 6 is a first schematic structural diagram of a transmitting end according to an embodiment of the present application;

[0033] FIG. 7 is a second schematic structural diagram of a transmitting end according to an embodiment of the present application;

[0034] FIG. 8 is a third schematic structural diagram of a transmitting end according to an embodiment of the present application;

[0035] FIG. 9 is a fourth schematic structural diagram of a transmitting end according to an embodiment of the present application;

[0036] FIG. 10 is a fifth schematic structural diagram of a transmitting end according to an embodiment of the present application;

[0037] FIG. 11 is a sixth schematic structural diagram of a transmitting end according to an embodiment of the present application;

[0038] FIG. 12 is a first schematic structural diagram of a user equipment according to an embodiment of the present application;

[0039] FIG. 13 is a second schematic structural diagram of a user equipment according to an embodiment of the present application;

[0040] FIG. 14 is a third schematic structural diagram of a user equipment according to an embodiment of the present application;

[0041] FIG. 15 is a fourth schematic structural diagram of a user equipment according to an embodiment of the present application;

[0042] FIG. 16 is a fifth schematic structural diagram of a user equipment according to an embodiment of the present application; and

[0043] FIG. 17 is a sixth schematic structural diagram of a user equipment according to an embodiment of the present application.

DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS

[0044] The following clearly and completely describes the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present application. Apparently, the described embodiments are merely a part rather than all of the embodiments of the present application. All other embodiments obtained by a person of ordinary skill in the art based on the embodiments of the present application without creative efforts shall fall within the protection scope of the present application.

Embodiment 1

[0045] A method for processing physical downlink control channel data provided by an embodiment of the present application is based on a transmitting end side. As shown in FIG. 1, the method includes the following steps:

[0046] S101. Generate a scrambling sequence corresponding to a control channel element according to an index number of the control channel element and/or a modulation mode used by the control channel element.

[0047] S102. Perform scrambling on physical downlink control channel data by using the scrambling sequence.

[0048] S103. Send the scrambled physical downlink control channel data to a user equipment.

[0049] In another aspect, another method for processing physical downlink control channel data is further provided, and the method is based on a user equipment side. As shown in FIG. 2, the method includes the following steps:

[0050] S201. Generate a scrambling sequence corresponding to a control channel element according to an index number of the control channel element and/or a modulation mode used by the control channel element.

[0051] S202. Receive scrambled physical downlink control channel data from a transmitting end.

[0052] S2032. Perform descrambling on physical downlink control channel data by using the scrambling sequence.

[0053] The physical downlink control channel may be an ePDCCH and the control channel element may be an eCCE.

[0054] In the method for processing physical downlink control channel data provided by the embodiment of the present application, by generating a scrambling sequence according to an index number of a control channel element and/or a modulation mode used by the control channel element, a scrambling sequence in multiple modulation modes is extracted, so that scrambling and descrambling are performed on physical downlink control channel data in multiple modulation modes.

Embodiment 2

[0055] As shown in FIG. 3, a method for processing physical downlink control channel data provided by an embodiment of the present application includes the following steps:

[0056] S301. A transmitting end generates a specific long sequence for a user equipment according to a UE Specific parameter of the user equipment.

[0057] Specifically, there are multiple users in one cell; generally, ePDCCHs of all the users are located in one subframe; before a base station performs scrambling on the ePDCCHs of these users, the base station generates a specific long sequence for each user by using a specific seed of each user, where the seed is a parameter set to compute an initial value of the long sequence and the seed of each user includes a UE_Specific parameter of the user.

[0058] Using one user as an example, the seed C.sub.init used to generate a long sequence for the user is as follows: c.sub.init=UE.sub.RNTI.times.2.sup.15+n.sub.subframe.times.2.sup.8+3200, where UE.sub.RNTI represents the UE_Specific parameter of the user, n.sub.subframe represents a parameter of a subframe index number, and a long sequence obtained according to the seed C.sub.init is {c(0),c(1),c(2),c(3),L}.

[0059] S302. The transmitting end extracts, starting from a preset position of the long sequence and according to a data length corresponding to a modulation mode used by an eCCE of the user equipment, a sequence to obtain a scrambling sequence corresponding to the eCCE.

[0060] Exemplarily, it is assumed that a current base station has n eCCEs, that is, eCCE.sub.0 to eCCE.sub.n-1, with the index numbers from 0 to n-1. In general cases, the number of eCCEs (that is, the number of eCCEs in an ePDCCH of a user) allocated to one user equipment is 1, 2, 4 or 8 and the index numbers of the eCCEs are successive. Assuming that the ePDCCH of the user includes two eCCEs, that is, eCCE.sub.0 and eCCE.sub.1, and the modulation mode of the user equipment is a QPSK, eCCE.sub.0 and eCCE.sub.1 also use the QPSK modulation, and the number of REs in eCCE.sub.0 is N.sub.CCE.sub.k.sup.RE and the number of REs in eCCE.sub.1 is N.sub.CCE.sub.l.sup.RE. Because each RE in the QPSK is 2 bits long, the length of a sequence that needs to be extracted by eCCE.sub.0 is 2N.sub.CCE.sub.0.sup.RE bits and the length of a sequence that needs to be extracted by eCCE.sub.1 is 2N.sub.CCE.sub.1.sup.RE bits. The eCCEs extract a sequence according to an ascending order of the index numbers of the eCCEs, that is, eCCE.sub.0 extracts a sequence firstly, followed by eCCE.sub.1. Definitely, because the user equipment can identify modulation modes of all eCCEs in the ePDDCH of the user equipment, eCCE.sub.0 and eCCE.sub.1 may also use different modulation modes.

[0061] When eCCE.sub.0 and eCCE.sub.1 of the user equipment extract a scrambling sequence from the specific long sequence C(0), C(1), C(2), C(3), L of the user equipment, the preset position is generally C(0). Therefore, a corresponding scrambling sequence extracted by eCCE.sub.0 is {C(0), C(1), L C(2N.sub.eCCE.sub.0.sup.RE-1)} and a corresponding scrambling sequence extracted by eCCE.sub.1 is {c(2N.sub.eCCE.sub.0.sup.RE), c(2N.sub.eCCE.sub.0.sup.RE+1), L c(2(N.sub.eCCE.sub.0.sup.RE+N.sub.eCCE.sub.1.sup.RE)-1)}.

[0062] S303. The transmitting end performs scrambling on ePDCCH data by using the scrambling sequence.

[0063] S304. The transmitting end sends the scrambled ePDCCH data to the user equipment.

[0064] S305. The user equipment generates a specific long sequence according to the UE_Specific parameter of the user equipment. The UE_Specific parameter is always the same for each user at the transmitting end or on the user equipment. Therefore, the long sequence generated by the user equipment is completely the same as the long sequence generated by the transmitting end for the user, and the method for generating the long sequence by the user equipment is completely the same as step S301, which is not further described.

[0065] S306. The user equipment extracts, starting from the preset position of the long sequence and according to the data length corresponding to the modulation mode used by the eCCE of the user equipment, a sequence to obtain a scrambling sequence corresponding to the eCCE. After the user equipment generates the long sequence, the method for extracting a corresponding scrambling sequence by eCCE.sub.0 and eCCE.sub.1 of the user equipment is completely the same as step S302, which is not further described.

[0066] S307. The user equipment receives the scrambled ePDCCH data from the transmitting end.

[0067] S308. The user equipment performs descrambling on the ePDCCH data by using the scrambling sequence.

[0068] In particular, when data is received and sent by using an MIMO technology, besides the modulation mode of the eCCE, a transmission mode of the MIMO must be considered. Generally, the MIMO includes two transmission modes: a double stream transmission mode and a transmit diversity mode.

[0069] Assuming that the modulation mode of the eCCE is still the QPSK, when the transmit diversity mode is used, the data length of each RE of the eCCE is 2 bits and the length of a sequence that needs to be extracted by the eCCE is 2N.sub.CCE.sub.1.sup.RE bits. However, when the double stream transmission mode is used, the data length of each RE of the eCCE is changed to 4 bits and the length of a sequence that needs to be extracted by the eCCE is 4N.sub.CCE.sub.1.sup.RE bits. The method for extracting the sequence by the eCCE is completely the same as step S302, which is not further described.

[0070] It should be noted that in general cases, the 16QAM modulation and the double stream transmission mode are not used concurrently, that is, when the modulation mode of the eCCE is the 16QAM modulation, the eCCE does not use the double stream transmission mode of the MIMO technology to receive and send data; or, when the eCCE uses the double stream transmission mode of the MIMO technology to receive and send data, the eCCE does not use the 16QAM modulation.

[0071] As shown in FIG. 4, another method for processing physical downlink control channel data provided by the embodiment of the present application includes the following steps:

[0072] S401. A transmitting end generates corresponding long sequences according to different ePDCCH parameters.

[0073] Specifically, before performing scrambling on a control signal, the transmitting end generates long sequences by using seeds corresponding to different modulation modes, where the seeds include ePDCCH parameters corresponding to different modulation modes.

[0074] Exemplarily, assuming that there are three modulation modes, QPSK, 16QAM, and 64QAM, the seeds corresponding to the three modulation modes are C.sub.init.sub._.sub.QPSK, C.sub.init 16QAM, and C.sub.init 64QAM respectively, and long sequences generated according to these seeds are c.sub.QPSK.sup.v={c.sub.QPSK(0), c.sub.QPSK(1), L}, c.sub.16QAM.sup..omega.={c.sub.16QAM(0), c.sub.16QAM(1), .LAMBDA.}, and c.sub.64QAM.sup..omega.={c.sub.64QAM(0), c.sub.64QAM(1), .LAMBDA.} respectively.

[0075] S402. The transmitting end selects a corresponding long sequence according to an ePDCCH parameter of a current eCCE, and extracts, according to the number of REs included in eCCEs that have extracted a scrambling sequence and a data length corresponding to a modulation mode used by the current eCCE, a scrambling sequence corresponding to the current control channel element in the corresponding long sequence.

[0076] Exemplarily, assuming that a k.sup.th eCCE of the transmitting end, that is, eCCE.sub.k, uses the 16QAM modulation mode, the number of REs (N.sub.eCCE.sub.0.sup.RE+N.sub.eCCE.sub.1.sup.RE+.LAMBDA.N.sub.eCCE.sub.k- -1.sup.RE) included in eCCE.sub.0 to eCCE.sub.k-1 is multiplied by the number of bits of each RE corresponding to the modulation mode of eCCE.sub.k. Because each RE in the 16QAM modulation mode is 4 bits long, eCCE.sub.0 to eCCE.sub.k-1 have extracted a total of 4(N.sub.eCCE.sub.0.sup.RE+N.sub.eCCE.sub.1.sup.RE+L N.sub.eCCE.sub.k-1.sup.RE) bits from c(0) to c(4(N.sub.eCCE.sub.0.sup.RE+N.sub.eCCE.sub.1.sup.RE+L N.sub.eCCE.sub.k-1.sup.RE)-1). Therefore, an start position of the scrambling sequence corresponding to the current eCCE is c(4(N.sub.eCCE.sub.0.sup.RE+N.sub.eCCE.sub.1.sup.RE+L N.sub.eCCE.sub.k.sup.RE)), where the modulation modes of eCCE.sub.0 to eCCE.sub.k-1 may be the QPSK, the 16QAM, or the 64QAM.

[0077] In the foregoing method, eCCE.sub.k assumes that eCCE.sub.0 to eCCE.sub.k-1 that have extracted a scrambling sequence use the same modulation mode as eCCE.sub.k. For example, if eCCE.sub.k uses the 16QAM modulation mode, eCCE.sub.k always assumes that eCCE.sub.0 to eCCE.sub.k-1 also use the 16QAM modulation mode no matter what modulation modes are actually used by eCCE.sub.0 to eCCE.sub.k-1.

[0078] The transmitting end extracts, starting from the start position, a sequence according to the data length 4N.sub.eCCE.sub.k.sup.RE bits of the current eCCE.sub.k to obtain a scrambling sequence corresponding to the current eCCE.sub.k.

[0079] S403. The transmitting end performs scrambling on ePDCCH data by using the scrambling sequence.

[0080] S404. The transmitting end sends the scrambled ePDCCH data to a user equipment.

[0081] S405. The user equipment generates a long sequence according to an ePDCCH parameter of the user.

[0082] Specifically, the user selects, according to the modulation mode of the user, a seed used to generate a long sequence, where the seed includes an ePDCCH parameter corresponding to the modulation mode of the user. The long sequence generated by the user equipment according to the ePDCCH parameter of the user is completely the same as the long sequence generated by the transmitting end according to the ePDCCH parameter. The method for generating the long sequence by the user equipment is completely the same as step S401, which is not further described.

[0083] S406. The user equipment extracts, according to the number of REs included in eCCEs that have extracted a scrambling sequence and the data length corresponding to the modulation mode used by the current eCCE, a scrambling sequence corresponding to the current eCCE in the corresponding long sequence. The method for extracting the scrambling sequence by the user equipment is completely the same as step S402, which is not further described.

[0084] S407. The user equipment receives the scrambled ePDCCH data from the transmitting end.

[0085] S408. The user equipment performs descrambling on the ePDCCH data by using the scrambling sequence.

[0086] In particular, when data is received and sent by using an MIMO technology, besides the modulation mode of the eCCE, a transmission mode of the MIMO must be considered. Generally, the MIMO includes two transmission modes: a double stream transmission mode and a transmit diversity mode.

[0087] Assuming that the modulation mode of the eCCE is the QPSK, when the transmit diversity mode is used, the data length of each RE of the eCCE is 2 bits and the length of a sequence that needs to be extracted by the eCCE is 2N.sub.CCE.sub.1.sup.RE bits. However, when the double stream transmission mode is used, the data length of each RE of the eCCE is changed to 4 bits and the length of a sequence that needs to be extracted by the eCCE is 4N.sub.CCE.sub.1.sup.RE bits. The method for extracting the sequence by the eCCE is completely the same as step S402, which is not further described.

[0088] It should be noted that in general cases, the 16QAM modulation and the double stream transmission mode are not used concurrently, that is, when the modulation mode of the eCCE is the 16QAM modulation, the eCCE does not use the double stream transmission mode of the MIMO technology to receive and send data; or, when the eCCE uses the double stream transmission mode of the MIMO technology to receive and send data, the eCCE does not use the 16QAM modulation.

[0089] The embodiment of the present application further provides another method for processing physical downlink control channel data. As shown in FIG. 5, the method includes the following steps:

[0090] S501. A transmitting end generates a specific long sequence.

[0091] Specifically, a long sequence {c(0),c(1),c(2),c(3),L} is generated according to a specific seed c.sub.int=n.sub.subframe.times.2.sup.9+N.sub.ID.sup.CELL, where n.sub.subframe represents a parameter of a subframe index number and N.sub.ID.sup.CELL represents a parameter of a cell index number.

[0092] S502. The transmitting end extracts, according to an order of index numbers of eCCEs, a sequence in the long sequence according to a preset data length.

[0093] Specifically, after the long sequence {c(0), c(1), c(2), c(3), L} is obtained, each eCCE extracts a sequence in the long sequence according to a specified length, for example, it is specified that lengths of sequences extracted by each eCCE are equal. Exemplarily, using eCCE.sub.k as an example, a sequence {c(F), c(F+1), .LAMBDA. c(F+G-1)} is extracted in the long sequence, where F represents a starting point of the sequence and G represents a length of the sequence, which means that the specified length is G.

[0094] S503. The transmitting end obtains a scrambling sequence corresponding to a current eCCE according to the specified length and a data length of the current eCCE.

[0095] Specifically, after extracting the sequence, eCCE.sub.k compares the length G of the obtained sequence {c(F), c(F+1), .LAMBDA. c(F+G-1)} with a data length of eCCE.sub.k; when the length G of the sequence is smaller than the data length of eCCE.sub.k, the sequence {c(F), c(F+1), .LAMBDA. c(F+G-1)} is replicated until a length of the sequence replicated multiple times is equal to the data length of eCCE.sub.k, and a sequence obtained at this time is the scrambling sequence corresponding to eCCE.sub.k. Exemplarily, for eCCE.sub.k, the scrambling sequence extracted from the long sequence is {c(F), c(F+1), .LAMBDA. c(F+71)}, with the length of 72 bits. Assuming that the modulation mode of eCCE.sub.k is 16QAM, the length of the scrambling sequence corresponding to eCCE.sub.k should be 144 bits. Therefore, eCCE.sub.k needs to replicate the sequence {c(0), c(1), L c(71)} until a length of the sequence is 144 bits. Therefore, the obtained scrambling sequence corresponding to eCCE.sub.k is {c(F), c(F+1), .LAMBDA. c(F+71), c(F), c(F+1), .LAMBDA. c(F+71)}.

[0096] When the length G of the sequence is greater than or equal to the data length of eCCE.sub.k, eCCE.sub.k extracts, in the sequence {c(F), c(F+1), .LAMBDA. c(F+G-1)}, a part with a length equal to the data length of eCCE.sub.k. At this time, the obtained sequence is the scrambling sequence corresponding to eCCE.sub.k. Exemplarily, for example, the sequence extracted by eCCE.sub.k from the long sequence is {c(F), c(F+1), .LAMBDA. c(F+215)}, with the length of 216 bits. Assuming that the modulation mode of eCCE.sub.k is the QPSK, the length of the scrambling sequence corresponding to eCCE.sub.k is 72 bits. Therefore, eCCE.sub.k only needs to extract a sequence with a length of 72 bits in the sequence {c(F), c(F+1), .LAMBDA. c(F+215)}, for example, eCCE.sub.k may extract {c(F), c(F+1), .LAMBDA. c(F+71)} as the scrambling sequence.

[0097] S504. The transmitting end performs scrambling on ePDCCH data by using the scrambling sequence.

[0098] S505. The transmitting end sends the scrambled ePDCCH data to a user equipment.

[0099] S506. The user equipment generates a specific long sequence, where the long sequence generated by the user equipment is completely the same as the long sequence generated by the transmitting end. The method for generating the specific long sequence by the user equipment is completely the same as step S501, which is not further described.

[0100] S507. The user equipment extracts, according to the order of the index numbers of the eCCEs, a sequence in the long sequence according to the preset data length. The method for extracting the sequence by the user equipment is completely the same as step S502, which is not further described.

[0101] S508. The user equipment obtains a scrambling sequence corresponding to the current eCCE according to the specified length and the data length of the current eCCE. The method for obtaining the scrambling sequence by the user equipment is completely the same as step S503, which is not further described.

[0102] In particular, when data is received and sent by using an MIMO technology, besides the modulation mode of the eCCE, a transmission mode of the MIMO must be considered. Generally, the MIMO includes two transmission modes: a double stream transmission mode and a transmit diversity mode.

[0103] Assuming that the modulation mode of the eCCE is the QPSK, when the transmit diversity mode is used, the data length of each RE of the eCCE is 2 bits and the length of a sequence that needs to be extracted by the eCCE is 2N.sub.CCE.sub.1.sup.RE bits. However, when the double stream transmission mode is used, the data length of each RE of the eCCE is changed to 4 bits and the length of a sequence that needs to be extracted by the eCCE is 4N.sub.CCE.sub.1.sup.RE bits. The method for extracting the sequence by the eCCE is completely the same as step S502, which is not further described.

[0104] It should be noted that in general cases, the 16QAM modulation and the double stream transmission mode are not used concurrently, that is, when the modulation mode of the eCCE is the 16QAM modulation, the eCCE does not use the double stream transmission mode of the MIMO technology to receive and send data; or, when the eCCE uses the double stream transmission mode of the MIMO technology to receive and send data, the eCCE does not use the 16QAM modulation.

[0105] S509. The user equipment receives the scrambled ePDCCH data from the transmitting end.

[0106] S5010. The user equipment performs descrambling on the ePDCCH data by using the scrambling sequence.

[0107] In this embodiment, the transmitting end may be a base station and the user equipment may be a handset.

[0108] In the method for processing physical downlink control channel data provided by the embodiment of the present application, by generating a scrambling sequence according to an index number of a control channel element and/or a modulation mode used by the control channel element and a transmission mode of an MIMO, a scrambling sequence in multiple modulation modes is extracted, so that scrambling and descrambling are performed on physical downlink control channel data in multiple modulation modes.

Embodiment 3

[0109] As shown in FIG. 6, a transmitting end 1 provided by an embodiment of the present application includes:

[0110] a first scrambling sequence generating unit 11, configured to generate a scrambling sequence corresponding to a control channel element according to an index number of the control channel element and/or a modulation mode used by the control channel element;

[0111] a scrambling unit 12, configured to perform scrambling on physical downlink control channel data by using the scrambling sequence; and

[0112] a transmitting unit 13, configured to send the scrambled physical downlink control channel data to a user equipment.

[0113] Further, as shown in FIG. 7, the first scrambling sequence generating unit 11 may include:

[0114] a first long sequence generating unit 111, configured to generate a specific long sequence for the user equipment according to a specific parameter of the user equipment; and

[0115] a first scrambling sequence extracting unit 112, configured to extract, according to a data length corresponding to the modulation mode used by the control channel element of the user equipment, a scrambling sequence corresponding to the control channel element in the specific long sequence.

[0116] When data is received and sent by using an MIMO, the first scrambling sequence extracting unit 112 is further configured to extract, according to a data length corresponding to the modulation mode used by the control channel element of the user equipment and a transmission mode of the MIMO, a scrambling sequence corresponding to the control channel element in the specific long sequence.

[0117] Or, as shown in FIG. 8, the first scrambling sequence generating unit 11 may include:

[0118] a long sequence selecting unit 113 of the transmitting end, configured to select a long sequence in a long sequence set according to physical downlink control channel parameters of the control channel element; and

[0119] a second scrambling sequence extracting unit 114, configured to extract, according to a data length corresponding to the modulation mode used by the control channel element, a scrambling sequence corresponding to the control channel element in the selected long sequence.

[0120] When data is received and sent by using an MIMO, the second scrambling sequence extracting unit 114 is further configured to extract, according to a data length corresponding to the modulation mode used by the control channel element and a transmission mode of the MIMO, a scrambling sequence corresponding to the control channel element in the selected long sequence.

[0121] Further, as shown in FIG. 9, the second scrambling sequence extracting unit 114 may include:

[0122] a computing sub unit 1141 of the transmitting end, configured to obtain an start position of the scrambling sequence corresponding to the control channel element according to a control channel element that has extracted a scrambling sequence; and

[0123] a first extracting sub unit 1142 of the transmitting end, configured to extract, starting from the start position, the scrambling sequence corresponding to the control channel element in the selected long sequence.

[0124] Or, as shown in FIG. 10, the first scrambling sequence generating unit 11 may include:

[0125] a third long sequence generating unit 115, configured to generate a specific long sequence; and

[0126] a third scrambling sequence extracting unit 116, configured to extract a sequence in the specific long sequence according to a specified length, and obtain a scrambling sequence corresponding to the control channel element according to the extracted sequence and a data length corresponding to the modulation mode used by the control channel element.

[0127] When data is received and sent by using an MIMO, the third scrambling sequence extracting unit 116 is further configured to extract a scrambling sequence corresponding to the control channel element according to the extracted sequence and a data length corresponding to the modulation mode used by the control channel element and a transmission mode of the MIMO.

[0128] Further, as shown in FIG. 11, the third scrambling sequence extracting unit 116 may include:

[0129] a replicating sub unit 1161 of the transmitting end, configured to: when a length of the extracted sequence is smaller than the data length corresponding to the modulation mode used by the control channel element, replicate the extracted sequence until a length of the replicated sequence is equal to the data length corresponding to the modulation mode used by the control channel element to obtain a scrambling sequence corresponding to the control channel element; and

[0130] a second extracting sub unit 1162 of the transmitting end, configured to: when the length of the extracted sequence is greater than or equal to the data length corresponding to the modulation mode used by the control channel element, extract, in the extracted sequence, a sequence with a length equal to the data length corresponding to the modulation mode used by the control channel element to obtain a scrambling sequence corresponding to the control channel element.

[0131] When data is received and sent by using the MIMO, the replicating sub unit 1161 of the transmitting end is further configured to: when the length of the extracted sequence is smaller than the data length corresponding to the modulation mode used by the control channel element and the transmission mode of the MIMO, replicate the extracted sequence until a length of the replicated sequence is equal to the data length corresponding to the modulation mode used by the control channel element and the transmission mode of the MIMO to obtain a scrambling sequence corresponding to the control channel element; and

[0132] the second extracting sub unit 1162 of the transmitting end is further configured to: when the length of the extracted sequence is greater than or equal to the data length corresponding to the modulation mode used by the control channel element and the transmission mode of the MIMO, extract, in the extracted sequence, a sequence with a length equal to the data length corresponding to the modulation mode used by the control channel element and the transmission mode of the MIMO to obtain a scrambling sequence corresponding to the control channel element.

[0133] In this embodiment, the physical downlink control channel may be an ePDCCH, the control channel element may be an eCCE, and the transmitting end may be a base station.

[0134] The transmitting end provided by the embodiment of the present application, by generating a scrambling sequence according to an index number of a control channel element and/or a modulation mode used by the control channel element and a transmission mode of an MIMO, extracts a scrambling sequence in multiple modulation modes, so that scrambling and descrambling are performed on physical downlink control channel data in multiple modulation modes.

Embodiment 4

[0135] As shown in FIG. 12, a user equipment 2 provided by an embodiment of the present application includes:

[0136] a second scrambling sequence generating unit 21, configured to generate a scrambling sequence corresponding to a control channel element according to an index number of the control channel element and/or a modulation mode used by the control channel element;

[0137] a receiving unit 22, configured to receive scrambled physical downlink control channel data from a transmitting end; and

[0138] a descrambling unit 23, configured to perform descrambling on physical downlink control channel data by using the scrambling sequence.

[0139] Further, as shown in FIG. 13, the second scrambling sequence generating unit 21 may include:

[0140] a fourth long sequence generating unit 211, configured to generate a specific long sequence according to a specific parameter of a user; and

[0141] a fourth scrambling sequence extracting unit 212, configured to extract, according to a data length corresponding to the modulation mode used by the control channel element of the user equipment, a scrambling sequence corresponding to the control channel element in the specific long sequence.

[0142] When data is received and sent by using an MIMO, the fourth scrambling sequence extracting unit 211 is further configured to extract, according to a data length corresponding to the modulation mode used by the control channel element of the user equipment and a transmission mode of the MIMO, a scrambling sequence corresponding to the control channel element in the specific long sequence.

[0143] Or, as shown in FIG. 14, the second scrambling sequence generating unit 21 may include:

[0144] a long sequence selecting unit 213 of the terminal, configured to select a long sequence in a long sequence set according to physical downlink control channel parameters of the control channel element; and

[0145] a fifth scrambling sequence extracting unit 214, configured to extract, according to a data length corresponding to the modulation mode used by the control channel element, a scrambling sequence corresponding to the control channel element in the selected long sequence.

[0146] When data is received and sent by using an MIMO, the fifth scrambling sequence extracting unit 214 is further configured to extract, according to a data length corresponding to the modulation mode used by the control channel element and a transmission mode of the MIMO, a scrambling sequence corresponding to the control channel element in the selected long sequence.

[0147] Further, as shown in FIG. 15, the fifth scrambling sequence extracting unit 214 may include:

[0148] a computing sub unit 2141 of the terminal, configured to obtain an start position of the scrambling sequence corresponding to the control channel element according to a control channel element that has extracted a scrambling sequence; and

[0149] a first extracting sub unit 2142 of the terminal, configured to extract, starting from the start position, the scrambling sequence corresponding to the control channel element in the selected long sequence.

[0150] Or, as shown in FIG. 16, the second scrambling sequence generating unit 21 may include:

[0151] a sixth long sequence generating unit 215, configured to generate a specific long sequence; and

[0152] a sixth scrambling sequence extracting unit 216, configured to extract a sequence in the specific long sequence according to a specified length, and obtain a scrambling sequence corresponding to the control channel element according to the extracted sequence and a data length corresponding to the modulation mode used by the control channel element.

[0153] When data is received and sent by using an MIMO, the sixth scrambling sequence extracting unit 216 is further configured to extract a scrambling sequence corresponding to the control channel element according to the extracted sequence and a data length corresponding to the modulation mode used by the control channel element and a transmission mode of the MIMO.

[0154] Further, as shown in FIG. 17, the sixth scrambling sequence extracting unit 216 may include:

[0155] a replicating sub unit 2161 of the terminal, configured to: when a length of the extracted sequence is smaller than the data length corresponding to the modulation mode used by the control channel element, replicate the extracted sequence until a length of the replicated sequence is equal to the data length corresponding to the modulation mode used by the control channel element to obtain a scrambling sequence corresponding to the control channel element; and

[0156] a second extracting unit 2162 of the terminal, configured to: when the length of the extracted sequence is greater than or equal to the data length corresponding to the modulation mode used by the control channel element, extract, in the extracted sequence, a sequence with a length equal to the data length corresponding to the modulation mode used by the control channel element to obtain a scrambling sequence corresponding to the control channel element.

[0157] When data is received and sent by using an MIMO, the replicating sub unit 2161 of the terminal is further configured to: when the length of the extracted sequence is smaller than a data length corresponding to the modulation mode used by the control channel element and a transmission mode of the MIMO, replicate the extracted sequence until a length of the replicated sequence is equal to the data length corresponding to the modulation mode used by the control channel element and the transmission mode of the MIMO to obtain a scrambling sequence corresponding to the control channel element; and the second extracting sub unit 2162 of the terminal is further configured to: when the length of the extracted sequence is greater than or equal to the data length corresponding to the modulation mode used by the control channel element and the transmission mode of the MIMO, extract, in the extracted sequence, a sequence with a length equal to the data length corresponding to the modulation mode used by the control channel element and the transmission mode of the MIMO to obtain a scrambling sequence corresponding to the control channel element.

[0158] In this embodiment, the physical downlink control channel may be an ePDCCH, the control channel unit may be an eCCE, and the user equipment may be a handset.

[0159] The user equipment provided by the embodiment of the present application, by generating a scrambling sequence according to an index number of a control channel element and/or a modulation mode used by the control channel element and a transmission mode of an MIMO, extracts a scrambling sequence in multiple modulation modes, so that scrambling and descrambling are performed on physical downlink control channel data in multiple modulation modes.

[0160] The foregoing descriptions are merely specific embodiments of the present application, but are not intended to limit the protection scope of the present application. Any variation or replacement readily figured out by a person skilled in the art within the technical scope disclosed in the present application shall fall within the protection scope of the present application. Therefore, the protection scope of the present application shall be subject to the protection scope of the claims.

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