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United States Patent Application 20170239924
Kind Code A1
Anderson; Scott August 24, 2017

PLATEN REINFORCING TENSION DIRECTED PRESSURE MATERIALS MANUFACTURING PRESS

Abstract

The present invention relates to a novel device to manufacture polyurethane foam boards used in structurally insulated panel known as insulated building material press. The press enables the application of pressure across a large area while foaming and curing polyurethane under pressure, curing glue or otherwise bonding materials into a finished product or to form multiple panels in a single press at the same time. The building material press can be used to manufacture multiple structurally insulated panels simultaneously. The press is mobile and can be transported by means of a vehicle to a remote location.


Inventors: Anderson; Scott; (Boulder, CO)
Applicant:
Name City State Country Type

Anderson; Scott

Boulder

CO

US
Family ID: 1000002790927
Appl. No.: 15/049164
Filed: February 22, 2016


Current U.S. Class: 1/1
Current CPC Class: B32B 37/0046 20130101; B32B 21/14 20130101; B29C 44/10 20130101; B32B 37/18 20130101; B32B 21/02 20130101; B29L 2031/10 20130101; B32B 37/12 20130101; B29C 44/58 20130101; B29C 31/006 20130101; B30B 1/30 20130101; B32B 5/02 20130101
International Class: B32B 37/00 20060101 B32B037/00; B29C 44/10 20060101 B29C044/10; B32B 37/18 20060101 B32B037/18; B30B 1/30 20060101 B30B001/30; B32B 5/02 20060101 B32B005/02; B32B 37/12 20060101 B32B037/12; B29C 44/58 20060101 B29C044/58; B29C 31/00 20060101 B29C031/00; B32B 21/14 20060101 B32B021/14; B32B 21/02 20060101 B32B021/02

Claims



1. A building material press to make structural insulated panels comprising, a) opposing press platens to form said structural insulated panel, b) one or more tensioning devices around the press to link the press components together while providing the necessary pressure on the platen surface, and, c) one or more sets of tension transfer structures attached to the outside face of each platen in the shape of a triangle, dome, catenary arch, parabolic arch, cylinder, cube, a liquid or gas filled container such as a metallic, polymer, fabric bag or balloon that can firmly apply a perpendicular force to the surface of the opposing platens.

2. A building material press of claim 1, where multiple structurally insulated panels are made simultaneously in the same press.

3. A building material press of claim 1, where the press is mobile and easily transported by means of a vehicle to a remote location.

4. A building material press of claim 3, where the press is mounted on a truck, a flatbed truck, a semi-trailer, railroad car, boat, barge, ship, air plane, helicopter, drone and the like for transport by land, air or water.

5. A building material press of claim 4, where the press may be operated while on a transport vehicle such as a truck, a flatbed truck, a semi-trailer, railroad car, boat, barge, ship or aircraft.

6. A building material press of claim 1, where said platens comprise a material selected from the group consisting of wood, laminated strand lumber (LSL), laminated veneer lumber (LVL), micro laminated lumber, oriented strand board, plywood, laminated layered board, synthetic wood, composite, carbon fiber board, magnesium oxide board, steel, aluminum, alloy, cement board, organic polymer and hardboard.

7. A building material press of claim 1 where said platen is 1 mm to 160 mm in thickness.

8. A building material press of claim 1 where said tensioning device may be one or more adjustable cables which are tightened transferring pressure through the tension transfer devices to the surface of the platens.

9. A building material press of claim 1 where said tensioning device is selected from a group consisting of a rope, cable, line, wire, strap, web and sheet.

10. A building material press of claim 1 where said tensioning device is a strap around the press tightened to form a tension ring.

11. A building material press of claim 1 where said tension transfer structures comprises material selected from a group consisting of wood, laminated strand lumber (LSL), laminated veneer lumber (LVL), micro laminated lumber, oriented strand board, plywood, laminated layered board, synthetic wood, composite, carbon fiber board, magnesium oxide board, steel, aluminum, alloy, cement board and hardboard.

12. A building material press of claim 1 where said platens are heated and cooled to temperatures preferential to the pressing process.

13. A building material press of claim 1 where said tensioning device comprises a control device to increase and decrease force applied on the platen through said tension transferring structures.

14. A building material press of claim 1 where said tension transfer structure bears one or more supports to spread pressure on the surface of said platen.

15. A building material press of claim 1 where said tension support structure is permanently or semi-permanently connected to said platen.

16. A building material press of claim 1 where said tension support structure is not connected to platen but held in place during pressing of materials by tension applied by said tensioning device.

17. A building material press of claim 1 where said tensioning device comprises a controlling device capable of releasing all tension for removal of all or part of tensioning device when desired.

18. A building material press to make multiple structural insulated panels comprising, a) opposing press platens to form said structural insulated panel, b) one or more tensioning devices around the press to link the press components together while providing the necessary pressure on the platen surface, and, c) one or more sets of tension transfer structures attached to the outside face of each platen in the shape of a triangle, dome, catenary arch, parabolic arch, cylinder, cube, a liquid or gas filled container such as a metallic, polymer, fabric bag or balloon that can firmly apply a perpendicular force to the surface of the opposing platens.

19. A building material press of claim 18, where the press is mobile and easily transported by means of a vehicle to a remote location.

20. A building material press of claim 19, where the press is mounted on a truck, a flatbed truck, a semi-trailer, railroad car, boat, barge, ship, air plane, helicopter, drone and the like for transport by land, air or water.

21. A building material press of claim 20, where the press may be operated while on a transport vehicle such as a truck, a flatbed truck, a semi-trailer, railroad car, boat, barge, ship or aircraft.
Description



CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0001] This application is a continuation in part of non-provisional application Ser. No. 13/585,815 filed Aug. 14, 2012 now U.S. Pat. No. 9,315,000 which claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application No. 61/575,146 filed on 15 Aug. 2011 which is incorporated herein in its entirety.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

[0002] The present invention relates to dynamic press structures used in the manufacturing arts. In particular an insulated building material press for use in manufacturing structural building panels or materials for use in building construction where pressure across a large area while foaming and curing polyurethane under pressure, curing glue or otherwise bonding materials into a finished product requires the use of a building material press.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0003] In manufacturing structurally insulated panels, pressure loads are carried across the surface of platens within building material presses to provide firm, consistent pressure to surfaces of polystyrene structural panels during polyurethane pressurized foaming and curing or during bonding of adhesive materials to insulating elements and or structural elements of building materials.

[0004] Typically building material presses cover large surface areas multiple feet wide (or tall) and many feet long. A typical press may be 4 feet wide and 8, 10 or 24 feet long. Other common sizes of presses are 2 feet and 8 feet wide. Besides other sizes used, custom presses of a suitable width built to requirement can be employed. The pressure per square inch from a press may be low but cumulative force over the entire surface is great.

[0005] Many low pressure applications require low rigidity platens. The outward pressure from some manufacturing processes is relatively uniform across the surface. As higher pressures are required platens from lower pressure presses deform or break. The current solution is to increase platen rigidity along with pressure increases resulting in more and more massive platens which significantly increase press costs.

[0006] Another problem is some manufacturing materials act like fluid during the manufacturing process. The fluid nature of materials such as uncured foaming polyurethane allows flow under pressure to the weakest points of the platen and exaggerates press weaknesses. Typically this results in deformation fist forming towards the center of the platen which increases the need to use massive reinforced platens. Without a massive platen made from extremely rigid materials, the pressed material would not remain flat or planar on the surface especially at the center of the panel. One way to restate this is the pressurized material acts like a fluid and seeks ideal pressure vessel shapes resulting in more pressure towards the center of the panel.

[0007] Prior art for the manufacture of building material presses includes hydrolic and air ram presses, rigid boxes with steel cabling and screw down locking mechanisms, mechanical screw presses, and vacuum presses. All these presses seek to apply relatively even pressure across the surface of the presses materials. If pressures exceed the strength of the platen to hold the material in place, the platen is reinforced until it is rigid enough to hold.

[0008] Recently demand for energy efficient building solutions has created a capacity shortage in the number of presses available. High press costs to add incremental production is constraining industry by slowing capability additions among building material vendors in the polyurethane panel space. To rapidly expand production of these highly desirable and in demand materials a lower cost press is needed.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0009] The present invention describes a building material press comprising opposing press platens, one or more tensioning devices around the press, and, one or more sets of tension transfer structures to transfer pressure from said tensioning device to said platens. The press enables the application of pressure across a large area while foaming and curing polyurethane under pressure, curing glue or otherwise bonding materials into a finished product or to form multiple panels in a single press at the same time.

[0010] The platens provide opposing planes that are flat or curved between which a structurally insulated panel is made. The outer surface of each of the opposing platens have tension transfer structures that rise from the surface as structures that transfer a perpendicular pressure on the surface of the platens from the tensioning device. In one embodiment, the tensioning device may be one or more adjustable cables which are tightened transferring pressure evenly through the tension transfer devices to the surface of the platens. The tension transfer structure on each platen may be in the shape of a triangle, dome, catenary arch, parabolic arch, cylinder, cube, a liquid or gas filled container such as a metallic, polymer, fabric bag or balloon that can firmly apply a perpendicular force to the surface of the opposing platens.

[0011] In one embodiment, the present invention describes a building material press comprising opposing press platens, one or more tensioning devices around the press, and, one or more sets of tension transfer structures to transfer pressure from said tensioning device to said platens to form multiple structural panels. In one embodiment two structurally insulated panels are manufactured at the same time. In other embodiments three or more structurally insulated panels are formed in parallel in a single press.

[0012] The platens provide opposing planes that are flat or curved between which a structurally insulated panel is made.

[0013] In one embodiment, the present invention describes a building material press comprising opposing press platens, one or more tensioning devices around the press, and, one or more sets of tension transfer structures to transfer pressure from said tensioning device to said platens to form multiple structural panels that is mobile.

[0014] In one embodiment the press is mounted on a skid for easy mobility. In another embodiment the press is mounted on a platform for easy transport.

[0015] In one embodiment the press is mounted on a trailer with wheels for transport to remote construction or manufacturing sites.

[0016] In other embodiments, the press is mounted on a truck, a flatbed truck, a semi-trailer, railroad car, boat, barge, ship, air plane, helicopter, drone and the like for transport by land, air or water. In one embodiment the press may be operated while on a transport vehicle such as a truck, a flatbed truck, a semi-trailer, railroad car, boat, barge, ship or aircraft and like vehicle.

[0017] In various embodiments the building material press has platens that comprise of a material such as wood, laminated strand lumber (LSL), laminated veneer lumber (LVL), micro laminated lumber, oriented strand board, plywood, laminated layered board, synthetic wood, composite, carbon fiber board, magnesium oxide board, steel, aluminum, alloy, cement board, hardboard or organic materials.

[0018] In different embodiments, the building material press has a platen which is various thicknesses.

[0019] In different embodiments the building material press has a tensioning device consisting of a rope, cable, line, wire, strap, web or sheet.

[0020] In one embodiment the building material press has a tensioning device that is a strap around the press tightened to form a tension ring.

[0021] In various embodiments the building material press has a tension transfer structures which comprise of a material such as wood, laminated strand lumber (LSL), laminated veneer lumber (LVL), micro laminated lumber, oriented strand board, plywood, laminated layered board, synthetic wood, composite, carbon fiber board, magnesium oxide board, steel, aluminum, alloy, cement board or hardboard.

[0022] In one embodiment the building material press has platens that are heated or cooled to temperatures preferential to the pressing process.

[0023] In one embodiment the building material press has a tensioning device which comprises a control device to increase and decrease force applied on the platen through said tension transferring structures.

[0024] In one embodiment the building material press has tension transfer structure that bears one or more supports to spread pressure on the surface of said platen.

[0025] In one embodiment the building material press has a tension support structure that is permanently or semi-permanently connected to said platen.

[0026] In one embodiment the building material press has tension support structure which is not connected to platen but held in place during pressing of materials by tension applied by said tensioning device.

[0027] In one embodiment the building material press has a tensioning device which comprises a controlling device capable of releasing all tension for removal of all or part of tensioning device when desired.

[0028] The press enables the application of pressure across a large area while foaming and curing polyurethane under pressure, curing glue or otherwise bonding materials into a finished product or to form multiple panels in a single press at the same time. In one embodiment organic materials are used as bonding materials or glue. In another embodiment an organic material is used instead of a polyurethane foam.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0029] A complete understanding of the present invention may be obtained by reference to the accompanying drawings, when considered in conjunction with the detailed description, in which:

[0030] FIG. 1 depicts a perspective view of a structural building material press with tension transferring structure reinforcement.

[0031] FIG. 2 depicts a perspective view of a structural building material press with tension transferring structure reinforcement.

[0032] FIG. 3 depicts a perspective view of a structural building material press with tension transferring structure reinforcement. In the current preferred embodiment, one pressure point in contact with the tension ring at one point that is removed from the platen surface on one side of the press and other side of the press illustrating another type of tension transferring structure with a solid core and curved outer surface in contact with a tension ring to mimic an ideal pressure vessel quality.

[0033] FIG. 4 depicts a perspective end view of a building material press illustrating another type of tension transferring structure with a large number of points along the curve mimicking ideal pressure vessel qualities and on one side of the press and other side of the press illustrates a perspective end view of a building material press illustrating another type of tension transferring member.

[0034] FIG. 5 depicts a press filled with building materials under tension during a pressurized process.

[0035] FIG. 6 depicts a press ready to be filled with building materials with tension of the tension ring temporarily removed.

[0036] FIG. 7 depicts a press with multiple structurally insulated panels manufactured at the same time.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS

[0037] The foregoing examples of the related art and limitations are intended to be illustrative and not exclusive. Other limitations of the related art will become apparent to those of skill in the art upon a reading of the specification and a study of the drawings or figures as provided herein.

[0038] The current invention comprises of two structural pieces serving as press platens. Said platens do not receive uniform pressure distributed across a platen but instead receive dissimilar pressures with more pressure transferred through tension transferring structure(s) towards the center of the platen with less transfer to the edges. This allows use of less expensive platen material. The dissimilar pressures are accomplished by using straps, cables, or other tension band or devices (tension "rings") around the press shaped to approximate the shape of an ideal pressure vessel such as a cylinder. Other shapes the pressure transferring devices may be configured are pyramidal shape, prism shape, dome, conical shape and the like to enable even distribution of pressure.

[0039] The tension rings are pulled together around the press in unbroken tension. The distance of the reinforcement from the press allows more feedback tension on the center. The present invention is constructed to create additional pressure at the area most susceptible to deformation or bulging.

[0040] In one embodiment, a building material press is made from various materials including wood, composite, and metal and setup in a way so that the platens are held apart to allow for skins "osb/plywood/textile/composites" to be placed between the inside face of the platens. Tension transfer devices are attached to the outside face of each platen on an equal spacing. Tension rings go from one transfer device or structure mounted on the outside of one platen to the transfer device mounted to the outside platen on the opposite side of the press. In essence the tension ring is connected in away to make an unbroken ring. The tension rings must stay tight around the press during the process. Once the tension rings are tight and holding the press in place. Polyurethane foam is then put into the area between the skins. As the foam fills the void and expands the tension rings maintain an equal surface pressure on all faces and edges of the platen. In doing this the press will produce a high quality panel that is uniform in thickness with little or no deflection from the face of the platen.

[0041] The platens and tension transfer structures or devices of the present invention may be made from materials such as wood, laminated strand lumber (LSL), laminated veneer lumber (LVL), micro laminated lumber, oriented strand board, plywood, laminated layered board, synthetic wood, composite, carbon fiber board, magnesium oxide board, steel, aluminum, alloy, cement board and hardboard.

[0042] Some of the components of the building material press defined below:

[0043] Tension transfer structures may be spaced at 1 per linier feet on side of press and also known as a STrucbrace. They are constructed of composites, metal, wood, natural or synthetic fibers. STrucbrace has internal structural support that provides rigidity and maintains flat plane of a structurally insulated panel or Compoflat during the press process. The STrucbrace is the connector of the STrucring to the press assembly and is often times triangular or radial in shape.

[0044] A tensioning device is a crucial component in the press system. It links all the press components together, while providing the necessary tension to contain the process in the press. It is also called a STrucring or "tension ring". Placed about 1 per STrucbrace. STrucring is made of various textiles, composites, Nylon, Kevlar, woven textiles, cable, line, wire, strap, web or sheet.

[0045] A encasement also known as a BoxCompoflat qty--1 per part/panel in press assembly may be made from composites, metal, wood, HDPE, natural or synthetic fibers. The BoxCompoflat covers all surfaces of the panel/part during the manufacturing process and is designed to be removed from the press to extract the panel/part and improve the efficiency of the press.

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