Easy To Use Patents Search & Patent Lawyer Directory

At Patents you can conduct a Patent Search, File a Patent Application, find a Patent Attorney, or search available technology through our Patent Exchange. Patents are available using simple keyword or date criteria. If you are looking to hire a patent attorney, you've come to the right place. Protect your idea and hire a patent lawyer.


Search All Patents:



  This Patent May Be For Sale or Lease. Contact Us

  Is This Your Patent? Claim This Patent Now.



Register or Login To Download This Patent As A PDF




United States Patent Application 20170266107
Kind Code A1
de la Fuente; Luis M. ;   et al. September 21, 2017

TREATMENT FOR CHRONIC MYOCARDIAL INFARCT

Abstract

A method of treating chronic post-myocardial infarction including helical needle transendocardial delivery of autologous bone marrow (ABM) mononuclear cells around regions of hypo or akinesia in chronic post-myocardial infarction (MI) patients. The treatment is safe and improves ejection fraction (EF).


Inventors: de la Fuente; Luis M.; (Buenos Aires, AR) ; Stertzer; Simon H.; (Santa Fe, NM) ; Argentieri; Julio; (Buenos Aires, AR) ; Penaloza; Eduardo; (Buenos Aires, AR) ; Altman; Peter A.; (Menlo Park, CA)
Applicant:
Name City State Country Type

BioCardia, Inc.

San Carlos

CA

US
Family ID: 1000002655154
Appl. No.: 15/341471
Filed: November 2, 2016


Related U.S. Patent Documents

Application NumberFiling DatePatent Number
14630305Feb 24, 20159517199
15341471
13953961Jul 30, 20139504642
14630305
11735869Apr 16, 20078496926
13953961

Current U.S. Class: 1/1
Current CPC Class: A61K 9/0019 20130101; A61K 35/28 20130101; A61K 35/14 20130101; A61K 35/32 20130101; A61K 35/35 20130101
International Class: A61K 9/00 20060101 A61K009/00; A61K 35/14 20060101 A61K035/14; A61K 35/32 20060101 A61K035/32; A61K 35/28 20060101 A61K035/28; A61K 35/35 20060101 A61K035/35

Claims



1. (canceled)

2. A method of treating myocardial infarction comprising: identifying a patient with myocardial infarction with areas of myocardial infarct within the patient's myocardium; and transendocardially injecting a therapeutic preparation comprising 30,000,000 to 264,000,000 concentrated mononuclear cells into myocardium of the patient near or in an area of infarcted tissue resulting from myocardial infarct, where said mononuclear cells were harvested from autologous bone marrow cells from the patient.

3. The method of claim 2, wherein said at least 40% of said concentrated mononuclear cells are (a) CD-34 positive cells, (b) CD-90 positive cells, (c) CD-133 positive cells, or (d) a combination of CD-34 positive cells, CD-90 positive cells, and/or CD-133 positive cells.

4. The method of claim 2, wherein said concentrated mononuclear cells comprises at least 40% CD-34 positive cells.

5. The method of claim 2, wherein said concentrated mononuclear cells comprises at least 40% CD-133 positive cells.

6. A method of treating myocardial infarction comprising: identifying a patient with myocardial infarction with areas of myocardial infarct within the patient's myocardium; transendocardially injecting a therapeutic preparation into the myocardium of the patient near or in areas of myocardial infarct, where said therapeutic preparation comprises concentrated CD-34 positive cells and CD-133 positive cells harvested from autologous bone marrow cells of the patient and suspended in solution.

7. The method of claim 6, wherein said at least 40% of said concentrated mononuclear cells are (a) CD-34 positive cells, (b) CD-90 positive cells, (c) CD-133 positive cells, or (d) a combination of CD-34 positive cells, CD-90 positive cells, and/or CD-133 positive cells.

8. The method of claim 6 wherein said therapeutic preparation comprising at least 40% CD-34 positive cells.

9. The method of claim 6 wherein said therapeutic preparation of the cells comprising at least 40% CD-133 positive cells.

10. The method of claim 6 wherein a concentration of mononuclear cells including CD-34 positive cells, CD-133 positive cells or a combination thereof is in the range from 10.sup.8 concentrated cells/ml of solution to 1.2.times.10.sup.8 concentrated cells/ml of solution.

11. A method of treating myocardial infarction comprising: identifying a patient with myocardial infarction having an ejection fraction less than 40%; and transendocardially injecting a therapeutic preparation comprising concentrated CD-34 positive and CD-133 positive mononuclear cells into myocardium of the patient, where said mononuclear cells were harvested from autologous bone marrow cells from the patient.

12. The method of claim 11 wherein the therapeutic preparation comprises 30,000,000 to 264,000,000 concentrated mononuclear cells comprising CD-34 positive and CD-133 positive mononuclear cells.

13. The method of claim 11, wherein said at least 40% of said concentrated mononuclear cells are (a) CD-34 positive cells, (b) CD-90 positive cells, (c) CD-133 positive cells, or (d) a combination of CD-34 positive cells, CD-90 positive cells, and/or CD-133 positive cells.

14. The method of claim 11 wherein said therapeutic preparation comprises at least 40% CD-34 positive cells.

15. The method of claim 11 wherein said therapeutic preparation comprises at least 40% CD-133 positive cells.
Description



CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0001] This application is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 14/630,305, (Attorney Docket No. 29181-708.302), filed Feb. 24, 2015, now U.S. Pat. No. ______, which is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 13/953,961, (Attorney Docket No. 29181-708.301), filed Jul. 30, 2013, now U.S. Pat. No. ______, which is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/735,869, (Attorney Docket No. 29181-708.201), filed Apr. 16, 2007, now U.S. Pat. No. 8,496,926, the entire contents of which are incorporated herein by reference in their entirety.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

[0002] The inventions described below relate the field of cardiology.

[0003] Chronic Myocardial Infarction refers to myocardial tissue which has died as the result of myocardial infarct, and has over the course of time become remodeled to scar tissue within the myocardium. Left untreated, myocardial infarction induces global changes in the ventricular architecture in a process called ventricular remodeling. Eventually, the patient experiences ventricular dilation and ventricular dysfunction. This ventricular remodeling is a major cause of heart failure.

[0004] While there are several suggested means of ameliorating the effects of acute myocardial infarction (immediately after the event leading to infarct), no significant therapy has been proposed or implemented for the amelioration or reversal of chronic myocardial infarction and the deleterious effects of infracted tissue after substantial transformation or remodeling of the infracted tissue to scar tissue.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0005] The method of treating chronic myocardial infarction described below comprises injection of autologous bone marrow derived mononuclear cells, or cells derived from those mononuclear cells, into the myocardium. These cells are injected near or in the chronic infracted tissue.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0006] FIG. 1 is a graph showing improvement in ejection fraction of the patients in an experimental group, after injection of autologous bone marrow derived mononuclear cells.

[0007] FIG. 2 is a graph showing improvement in exercise tolerance of the patients in an experimental group, after injection of autologous bone marrow derived mononuclear cells.

[0008] FIG. 3 is a graph showing improvement in ventricular diastolic volume of the patients in an experimental group, after injection of autologous bone marrow derived mononuclear cells.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0009] Chronic myocardial infarction refers to the condition of infracted tissues after the infracted tissue has been remodeled by natural wound healing responses and comprises, after such remodeling, scar tissue, which is substantially dead. This is distinct from ischemic tissue characteristic of chronic ischemia, which refers to tissue which is chronically hypoxic due to lack of sufficient blood flow, but is still viable even if not fully active in the muscular and electro-physiologically activity of the heart. The method starts with identifying patients afflicted with chronic myocardial infarction. Once patients with chronic myocardial infarction are identified, their suitability for treatment under the method currently requires a low ejection fraction (less that about 40%). In our experiments aimed at determining if the treatment is safe, we included patients with left ventricular dysfunction (less that about 40% but not less than about 30%) that were not candidates for ventricular aneurysm surgery, implantable defibrillators, or valve repair or replacement, while excluding patients with active infections, malignancies, high grade atrioventricular block, sustained ventricular tachyarrythmias, a recent MI (less than 4 weeks old), presence of an artificial aortic valve, recent history of alcohol or drug abuse or evidence of other multi-system disease. However, given the results of our experiments, we expect that the treatment could benefit all patients suffering from chronic myocardial infarction so long as they can tolerate the procedure.

[0010] Immediately prior to the catheterization necessary to deliver the autologous bone marrow cells, the cells are collected from suitable sites within the patient, such as the posterior iliac crest, vertebral body and/or sternum. Bone marrow mononuclear cells are isolated by suitable methods such as density gradient on Ficoll-Paque Plus tubes (GE Healthcare, UK) through 100 .mu.m nylon mesh to remove cell aggregates, and re-suspended in Ringers solution at a concentration of 1.times.10.sup.8 cells/ml in a total volume of 1.3 ml. These cells are prepared for injection back into the patient within about 4 to 6 hours after harvesting. The bone marrow derived mononuclear cells include CD-34 positive cells, CD-133 positive cells, and CD-90 positive cells (mesenchymal stem cells) which may also be separately isolated for injection to treat chronic myocardial infarction. Preferably at least 40% of the cells isolated comprise CD-34 positive cells, CD-90 positive cells, and CD-133 positive cells or a combination thereof.

[0011] Just prior to cell delivery, the doctors performing the cell delivery use various techniques, including ECG's, echocardiography, and baseline orthogonal ventriculography data to define the target infarct tissue zones. Access to the target infarct zone is preferably via catheter, transendocardially (with the catheter tip in the endocardial space) into the myocardium. Intramyocardial delivery may also be accomplished through a trans-coronary venous approach as described in BioCardia's U.S. Pat. No. 6,585,716, through a trans-coronary arterial approach, or a trans-epicardial approach. Any suitable catheter system can be used, though the BioCardia.TM. helical infusion catheter and steerable guide catheter are particularly well suited to the method. Dosage may range from three injections of 0.1 to 0.2 ml of cell solution at a concentration of 10.sup.8 (one hundred million) cells/ml (totaling about 5.times.10.sup.7 cells) to 11 injections of 0.1 to 0.2 ml of cell solution at a concentration of 1.2.times.10.sup.8 cells/ml for a total of 1.2.times.10.sup.8 cells spread over numerous injection cites proximate the target infarct tissue. The solution containing the cells is injected near or at the site of an infarct, in several small injections proximate the target infarct. Each injection is performed slowly, and the helical injection catheter is left in the injection site to dwell for a substantial period (about 15 to 30 seconds) to prevent back-leakage of the solution into the endocardial space of the ventricle.

[0012] The efficacy of the treatment is reflected in FIGS. 1 through 3, which show that chronic myocardial infarct patients treated with autologous bone marrow derived mononuclear cells benefit from improved ejection fraction, improved exercise tolerance, and reduced ventricular dilation. As shown in FIG. 1, ejection fraction of the patients, as measured by 2D echocardiography, demonstrates a statistically significant increase at 1 week (P=0.02), 12 weeks (P=0.01), 6 months (P=0.001), and 12 months (P=0.0001) as compared to baseline. All patients in the experimental group showed an increase in this parameter over baseline at 6 months and 12 months. Smaller long term improvements in diastolic volume and exercise tolerances were noted in our experimental group, as shown in FIGS. 2 and 3. Given the results of our experiment with a small number of patients, the method results in significantly improved ejections fraction, reduced ventricular dilation, and improved exercise tolerance. No increase in ventricular arrhythmias was detected in any patient in the experimental group.

[0013] Peripheral blood derived mononuclear cells (PBMC) and adipose tissue derived mononuclear cells can be also be used in the treatment, as can cells derived from those mononuclear cells harvested from the peripheral blood or adipose tissue. While the preferred embodiments of the devices and methods have been described in reference to the environment in which they were developed, they are merely illustrative of the principles of the inventions. Other embodiments of the method, including sources of cells and methods of isolation, and particular constituent cells of the injected cell population may be devised without departing from the spirit of the inventions and the scope of the appended claims.

* * * * *

File A Patent Application

  • Protect your idea -- Don't let someone else file first. Learn more.

  • 3 Easy Steps -- Complete Form, application Review, and File. See our process.

  • Attorney Review -- Have your application reviewed by a Patent Attorney. See what's included.