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United States Patent Application 20170359885
Kind Code A1
Roosli; Philipp Anton December 14, 2017

LIGHTBULB IN A FIXTURE HAVING A CONFIGURATION MEMORY

Abstract

An internet of things system having a smart light bulb and a smart fixture. The smart light bulb may be inserted into and connect with the smart fixture for power to the smart light bulb. The smart light bulb may be configured by reading configuration information from a memory in the smart fixture. As a whole, the system may have two or more smart light bulbs inserted in two or more smart fixtures, respectively. The two or more smart light bulbs may be interconnected with one another with communication links to make up a mesh network. Non-bulb devices may be connected to the mesh network.


Inventors: Roosli; Philipp Anton; (Niantic, CT)
Applicant:
Name City State Country Type

Honeywell International Inc.

Morris Plains

NJ

US
Family ID: 1000002003491
Appl. No.: 15/182206
Filed: June 14, 2016


Current U.S. Class: 1/1
Current CPC Class: H05B 37/0272 20130101; H05B 33/0842 20130101; H05B 37/0236 20130101; H05B 37/0218 20130101; H05B 37/029 20130101; H05B 37/0263 20130101; H05B 37/0245 20130101
International Class: H05B 37/02 20060101 H05B037/02; H05B 33/08 20060101 H05B033/08

Claims



1. An internet of things (IoT) smart light bulb system comprising: a smart fixture; a smart light bulb that is configured to be inserted into and connected to the smart fixture for power to the smart light bulb; and a memory situated in the smart fixture; a control electronics module situated in the smart light bulb; a wireless receiver in the smart light bulb connected to the control electronics module; and a wireless transmitter in the smart fixture connected to the memory; and wherein the smart light bulb is configured by reading configuration information from the memory in the smart fixture.

2. The system of claim 1, wherein the smart light bulb is connected to the memory by a contact between conductors from the smart fixture and the smart light bulb, upon the insertion of the smart light bulb into the smart fixture.

3. The system of claim 1, wherein: the memory is a wireless memory tag affixed to the smart fixture; and the wireless memory tag is read by a tag reader in the smart light bulb to obtain configuration information for the smart light bulb.

4. (canceled)

5. The system of claim 1, wherein the memory contains configuration information for the smart light bulb.

6. The system of claim 5, wherein: the smart light bulb comprises a light source having one or more LEDs; and the control electronics module comprises a LED drive circuit connected to the one or more LEDs.

7. The system of claim 6, wherein: the control electronics module further comprises a power feed circuit having a first set of terminals; and the smart fixture comprises a power supply having a second set of terminals for connection to the first set of terminals upon insertion of the smart light bulb into the smart fixture.

8. The system of claim 5, wherein: the wireless transmitter emanates signals that contain the configuration information from the memory; and the wireless receiver receives the signals from the wireless transmitter and deciphers the configuration information from the signals.

9. The system of claim 8, wherein the signals of the wireless transmitter and the wireless receiver operate in a context of near field communications (NFC) or Bluetooth.

10. The system of claim 8, wherein the wireless transmitter periodically transmits the configuration information without being externally prompted.

11. The system of claim 7, wherein: the smart fixture further comprises a receiver that is connected to the memory; and signals received by the receiver contain information that adds to or changes the configuration information in the memory.

12. The system of claim 11, wherein the signals received by the receiver are sent by a smart phone.

13. A method for configuring a smart bulb comprising: inserting a smart bulb, having a light source, in a smart socket; connecting a control electronics module in the smart bulb, to the light source; connecting a wireless receiver in the smart bulb to the control electronics module; and connecting a wireless transmitter in the smart socket to a memory in the smart socket; and wherein: the memory contains configuration information that is configured to be provided via the wireless transmitter to the wireless receiver and the control electronics module, respectively; and the configuration information is for configuring the light source.

14. The method of claim 13, wherein if the smart bulb is replaced with a new smart bulb, the new smart bulb is configured with the configuration information in the memory that is read by the wireless transmitter and transmitted to the wireless receiver which in turn provides the configuration information to the control electronics module for configuring the light source.

15. The method of claim 13, wherein the configuration information comprises one or more features of the smart bulb selected from a group comprising a device address, a device descriptor, location, light color, light brightness, light patterns, and on and off times.

16. The method of claim 13, wherein: the configuration information comprises a unique identifier to enable the smart bulb to obtain full configuration information from a remote configuration service; and the unique identifier serves as a lookup key for the configuration information.

17. The method of claim 14, further comprising: connecting a second receiver in the smart socket to the memory of the smart socket; and transmitting new, updated, replacement, or additional configuration information to the second receiver for entry in the memory.

18. The method of claim 17, wherein the new, updated, replacement, or additional configuration information is sent to the second receiver from a smartphone.

19. An internet of things mesh network comprising: two or more smart sockets; and two or more smart light bulbs inserted in the two or more smart sockets, respectively; a control electronics module situated in one or more of the smart light bulbs; a wireless receiver in the one or more of the smart light bulbs having the control electronics module, wherein the wireless receiver is connected to the control electronics module; memory in the smart fixture receiving a smart light bulb having the wireless receiver and the control electronics module, wherein the memory includes the configuration for a smart light bulb inserted in the smart socket; and a wireless transmitter in the smart fixture receiving a smart light bulb having the wireless receiver and the control electronics module, wherein the wireless transmitter is connected to the memory of the smart fixture; and wherein: the two or more smart light bulbs are interconnected with one another with communication links; each smart light bulb has an exclusive connection with a smart socket in which the smart light bulb is inserted; and each smart socket contains a configuration for a smart light bulb inserted in the smart socket, respectively.

20. (canceled)

21. The network of claim 19, further comprising one or more non-light bulb devices having communication links with the one or more smart light bulbs.

22. The network of claim 21, wherein the one or more non-light bulb devices are selected from a group comprising thermostats, switches, mobile phones, dimmers, light detectors, and gateways.

23. (canceled)
Description



BACKGROUND

[0001] The present disclosure pertains to smart light bulbs and particularly to light bulbs having configurations.

SUMMARY

[0002] The disclosure reveals an internet of things system having a smart light bulb and a smart fixture. The smart light bulb may be inserted into and connect with the smart fixture for power to the smart light bulb. The smart light bulb may be configured by reading configuration information from a memory in the smart fixture. As a whole, the system may have two or more smart light bulbs inserted in two or more smart fixtures, respectively. The two or more smart light bulbs may be interconnected with one another with communication links to make up a mesh network. Non-bulb devices may be connected to the mesh network.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING

[0003] FIG. 1 is a diagram that shows an overall setup of the present arrangement;

[0004] FIG. 2 is a diagram of a low power transmitter in a socket and a transmitter or radio that may be in control electronics; and

[0005] FIG. 3 is a diagram of an internet of things system having a mesh network of bulbs.

DESCRIPTION

[0006] The present system and approach may incorporate one or more processors, computers, controllers, user interfaces, wireless and/or wire connections, and/or the like, in an implementation described and/or shown herein.

[0007] This description may provide one or more illustrative and specific examples or ways of implementing the present system and approach. There may be numerous other examples or ways of implementing the system and approach.

[0008] Aspects of the system or approach may be described in terms of symbols in the drawing. Symbols may have virtually any shape (e.g., a block) and may designate hardware, objects, components, activities, states, steps, procedures, and other items.

[0009] A core element of IoT devices is that they may need to be configured, such as being programmed with a device address, device descriptor, location information and possibly other installation dependent settings. When a device is being replaced, it may take time and effort to configure the replacement part. This effort may add to the total cost of ownership. As the number of light bulbs is high in a building, the cost may be exceptionally large for light fixtures and light bulbs in particular.

[0010] A memory chip may be added to a light bulb socket or fixture. The light bulb may then read/write the memory once installed into a resulting smart socket or fixture. A broken light bulb can now be easily removed and a spare light bulb installed. The spare light bulb may simply read the previous configuration settings from the memory in the smart light fixture or socket.

[0011] The memory chip may be a two or single wire memory. The connection to the bulb could occur through contacts. Alternatively, a wireless memory tag may be affixed to the smart socket or light fixture that can be read by the light bulb (e.g., an RFID tag reader in the light bulb and an RFID tag in the fixture or socket).

[0012] The present device or system may have a smart socket that provides information for the smart light bulb. The smart light bulb may obtain information from an external location, i.e., a smart socket. The smart socket may provide support for the smart light bulb.

[0013] FIG. 1 is a diagram that shows an overall setup of the present arrangement. Item 11 may be a socket housing. Item 12 may be a socket thread for the threaded base of light bulb 21. Lines 15 and 16 may provide the phase (hot) and neutral (e.g., ground) inputs, respectively, of a power feed from a live voltage. A configuration electronics 14 may incorporate a low power RF transmitter, memory, receiver and a processor and be connected to lines 15 and 16 for power. Control electronics 22 of the IoT or smart light bulb 21 may be situated in a structure of bulb 21.

[0014] FIG. 2 is a diagram of example circuitry 10 for smart socket or fixture 11 and smart light bulb 21. Various versions of circuitry 10 may not necessarily incorporate all of the components shown which depend on the design and operations desired or needed from the circuitry.

[0015] Socket 11 may incorporate a control electronics module 62. Module 62 may have a power supply 41 connected to a power source 63 via line 15 (phase) and line 16 (neutral). A configuration electronics module 14 of module 62 may have a memory 64 connected to it. Memory 64 may store various kinds of configuration information for the smart light bulb 21. Configuration information may be received by a receiver 65 via an antenna 66. The wireless transmit power can be curtailed to the point that only light bulbs in immediate vicinity are able to receive the configuration. This assures that light bulbs spaced apart can maintain their individual settings. In support of this, the RF antenna of the configuration electronics module 14 can have an antenna with a shaped radiation pattern to avoid reception of RF signals by nearby light bulbs. This for example can be achieved by having the outer socket housing 11 act as a shield. The light bulb can query the configuration information from configuration electronics module 14. Alternatively, configuration module 14 can periodically transmit the configuration information without any external trigger. Configuration information could be received via a wire rather than a wireless medium. The wireless medium may be classic RF, light, or the like. Configuration information may instead be received via optical fiber instead.

[0016] Configuration information may go to configuration electronics module 14, which processes the information that is sent out via a transmitter 42 and antenna 43 to smart light bulb 21. Transmission may be via RFID devices in control electronics module 62 of smart socket 11 and control electronics 22 of smart light bulb 21. Alternatively, transmission of configuration information to smart light bulb 21 may be via wire or other media.

[0017] Power supply 41 may provide power to configuration electronics module 14, transmitter 42 and receiver 65. Configuration information may have settings that may be provided to configuration electronics module 14 and memory 64. Memory 64 may be a chip that could be replaced with another chip with different configuration information.

[0018] Besides power supply 41, transmitter 42, configuration electronics module 14, memory 64 and receiver 65 may be a part of control electronics module 62. Other components may likewise be a part of module 62.

[0019] A socket or insertion mechanism 12 for screwing or plugging in smart light bulb 21 may have contacts 55 and 56 for connecting lines 15 and 16, respectively, from power source 63 to a power supply 44 of control electronics module 22. Power supply 44 may provide power to a configuration electronics module 67, receiver 45, transmitter 68, and LED drive circuit 47. Other components may be powered by power supply 44.

[0020] As an example of transmitting configuration information from smart socket or fixture 11, transmitter 42 via antenna 43 may send out or emanate signals from configuration electronics module 14 and memory 64 that are detected by receiver 45 via antenna 46. The signals may go to configuration electronics module 67 which processes the signals for LED drive circuit 47, which may control the power from power supply 44 to LED 48 in accordance with configuration information. LED 48 may be regarded as a primary light source in bulb 21. Light source 48 may be another kind of source (e.g., fluorescent, incandescent, or other kind of source).

[0021] Control electronics 22 may incorporate a transmitter 68 and antenna 69 for purposes of communicating information back to smart socket 11, or to other smart bulbs and/or smart fixtures, such as in a mesh network. Components may be added or left out of control electronics module 22, or bulb 21 in general.

[0022] FIG. 3 is a diagram of an IoT mesh network system. Between each light bulb 21 and its socket 11 may be a low power short range configuration link 52. There may be a mesh network 51 among the light bulbs 21. Thermostat 53 and switch 54 may be other non-bulb devices in the IoT system. For instance, the IoT system may incorporate a mobile device 55. Also, a gateway 56 may be situated in the IoT system. Alternatively, there may be a mesh network 51 among the smart sockets or fixtures 11 using appropriate components present in each of the smart fixtures 11 as shown in FIG. 2, or adding them to each of smart fixtures 11 so as to achieve the mesh network among the fixtures 11.

[0023] The IoT mesh network may have two or more smart sockets. Two or more smart light bulbs may be inserted in the two or more smart sockets, respectively. The two or more smart light bulbs may be interconnected with one another with communication links. Each smart light bulb may have an exclusive connection with a smart socket in which the smart light bulb is inserted.

[0024] To recap, an internet of things (IoT) smart light bulb system may incorporate a smart fixture, a smart light bulb that can be inserted into and connect to the smart fixture for power to the smart light bulb, and a memory situated in the smart fixture. The smart light bulb may be configured by reading configuration information from the memory in the smart fixture.

[0025] The smart light bulb may be connected to the memory by a contact between conductors from the smart fixture and the smart light bulb, upon the insertion of the smart light bulb into the smart fixture.

[0026] The memory may be a wireless memory tag affixed to the smart fixture. The wireless memory tag may be read by a tag reader in the smart light bulb to obtain configuration information for the smart light bulb.

[0027] The system may further incorporate a control electronics module situated in the smart light bulb, a wireless receiver in the smart light bulb connected to the control electronics module, and a wireless transmitter in the smart fixture connected to the memory.

[0028] The memory may contain configuration information for the smart light bulb.

[0029] The smart light bulb may incorporate a light source having one or more LEDs. The control electronics module may incorporate a LED drive circuit connected to the one or more LEDs.

[0030] The control electronics module may further incorporate a power feed circuit having a first set of terminals. The smart fixture may incorporate a power supply having a second set of terminals for connection to the first set of terminals upon insertion of the smart light bulb into the smart fixture.

[0031] The wireless transmitter may emanate signals that contain the configuration information from the memory. The wireless receiver may receive the signals from the wireless transmitter and decipher the configuration information from the signals.

[0032] The signals of the wireless transmitter and the wireless receiver may operate in a context of near field communications (NFC) or Bluetooth.

[0033] The wireless transmitter may periodically transmit the configuration information without being externally prompted.

[0034] The smart fixture may further incorporate a receiver that is connected to the memory. Signals received by the receiver may contain information that adds to or changes the configuration information in the memory.

[0035] The signals received by the receiver may be sent by a smart phone.

[0036] An approach for configuring a smart bulb may incorporate inserting a smart bulb, having a light source, in a smart socket, connecting a control electronics module in the smart bulb, to the light source, connecting a wireless receiver in the smart bulb to the control electronics module, and connecting a wireless transmitter in the smart socket to a memory in the smart socket.

[0037] The memory may contain configuration information that can be provided via the wireless transmitter to the wireless receiver and the control electronics module, respectively. The configuration information may be for configuring the light source.

[0038] If the smart bulb is replaced with a new smart bulb, the new smart bulb may be configured with the configuration information in the memory that is read by the wireless transmitter and transmitted to the wireless receiver which in turn may provide the configuration information to the control electronics module for configuring the light source.

[0039] The configuration information may incorporate one or more features of the smart bulb selected from a group comprising a device address, a device descriptor, location, light color, light brightness, light patterns, and on and off times.

[0040] The configuration information may incorporate a unique identifier to enable the smart bulb to obtain full configuration information from a remote configuration service. The unique identifier may serve as a lookup key for the configuration information.

[0041] The approach may further incorporate connecting a second receiver in the smart socket to the memory of the smart socket, and transmitting new, updated, replacement, or additional configuration information to the second receiver for entry in the memory.

[0042] The new, updated, replacement, or additional configuration information may be sent to the second receiver from a smartphone.

[0043] An internet of things mesh network may incorporate two or more smart sockets, and two or more smart light bulbs inserted in the two or more smart sockets, respectively. The two or more smart light bulbs may be interconnected with one another with communication links. Each smart light bulb may have an exclusive connection with a smart socket in which the smart light bulb is inserted.

[0044] A smart socket may contain a configuration for a smart light bulb inserted in the smart socket, respectively.

[0045] The network may further incorporate one or more non-light bulb devices having communication links with the one or more smart light bulbs.

[0046] The one or more non-light bulb devices may be selected from a group comprising thermostats, switches, mobile phones, dimmers, light detectors, and gateways.

[0047] Any publication or patent document noted herein is hereby incorporated by reference to the same extent as if each publication or patent document was specifically and individually indicated to be incorporated by reference.

[0048] In the present specification, some of the matter may be of a hypothetical or prophetic nature although stated in another manner or tense.

[0049] Although the present system and/or approach has been described with respect to at least one illustrative example, many variations and modifications will become apparent to those skilled in the art upon reading the specification. It is therefore the intention that the appended claims be interpreted as broadly as possible in view of the related art to include all such variations and modifications.

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