Easy To Use Patents Search & Patent Lawyer Directory

At Patents you can conduct a Patent Search, File a Patent Application, find a Patent Attorney, or search available technology through our Patent Exchange. Patents are available using simple keyword or date criteria. If you are looking to hire a patent attorney, you've come to the right place. Protect your idea and hire a patent lawyer.


Search All Patents:



  This Patent May Be For Sale or Lease. Contact Us

  Is This Your Patent? Claim This Patent Now.



Register or Login To Download This Patent As A PDF




United States Patent Application 20180142005
Kind Code A1
LOGTENBERG; Ton ;   et al. May 24, 2018

ANTIBODY PRODUCING NON-HUMAN ANIMALS

Abstract

Described are transgenic, non-human animals comprising a nucleic acid encoding an immunoglobulin light chain, whereby the immunoglobulin light chain is human, human-like, or humanized. The nucleic acid is provided with a means that renders it resistant to DNA rearrangements and/or somatic hypermutations. In one embodiment, the nucleic acid comprises an expression cassette for the expression of a desired molecule in cells during a certain stage of development in cells developing into mature B cells. Further provided is methods for producing an immunoglobulin from the transgenic, non-human animal.


Inventors: LOGTENBERG; Ton; (Driebergen, NL) ; THROSBY; Mark; (Utrecht, NL) ; KRAMER; Robert A.; (Utrecht, NL) ; PINTO; Rui D.; (Utrecht, NL) ; DE KRUIF; Cornelis A.; (De Bilt, NL) ; HOUTZAGER; Erwin; (Zeist, NL)
Applicant:
Name City State Country Type

Merus N.V.

Utrecht

NL
Assignee: Merus N.V.
Utrecht
NL

Family ID: 1000003137498
Appl. No.: 15/870647
Filed: January 12, 2018


Related U.S. Patent Documents

Application NumberFiling DatePatent Number
12589181Oct 19, 2009
15870647
12459285Jun 29, 2009
12589181
61133274Jun 27, 2008

Current U.S. Class: 1/1
Current CPC Class: C12P 21/00 20130101; A01K 67/0278 20130101; C07K 16/1282 20130101; C12N 15/8509 20130101; C07K 2317/24 20130101; C07K 16/248 20130101; C07K 14/47 20130101; A01K 2267/01 20130101; A01K 2227/105 20130101; A01K 2217/206 20130101; A01K 2217/15 20130101; A01K 2217/075 20130101; A01K 2217/052 20130101; A01K 2207/15 20130101; A01K 67/027 20130101
International Class: C07K 16/12 20060101 C07K016/12; C12P 21/00 20060101 C12P021/00; A01K 67/027 20060101 A01K067/027; C12N 15/85 20060101 C12N015/85; C07K 16/24 20060101 C07K016/24; C07K 14/47 20060101 C07K014/47

Claims



1. A B cell that produces an antibody that binds to a desired antigen, which B cell is isolated from a transgenic non-human animal that has been immunized with the antigen, wherein the genome of said animal comprises a transgene encoding a rearranged human immunoglobulin variable region and wherein the transgene comprises an immunoglobulin constant region or said rearranged human immunoglobulin variable region is operatively linked to an endogenous immunoglobulin constant region, and wherein the transgenic animal has produced a repertoire of antibodies that bind said antigen having the rearranged human immunoglobulin variable region encoded by the rearranged human immunoglobulin variable region comprised in said transgene.

2. The B cell of claim 1, wherein the transgene encoding a rearranged human immunoglobulin variable region comprises a human germline light chain V gene segment joined to a human germline light chain J gene segment, wherein there is no mutation due to said joining and wherein said immunoglobulin constant region is a light chain constant region.

3. The B cell of claim 1, wherein the transgene encoding a rearranged human immunoglobulin variable region comprises a human germline heavy chain V gene segment joined to a human germline heavy chain D gene segment joined to a human heavy chain J gene segment, wherein there is no mutation due to said joining and wherein said immunoglobulin constant region is a heavy chain constant region.

4. The B cell of claim 1 wherein the transgenic animal is a mammal.

5. The B cell of claim 1 wherein the transgenic animal is a rodent.

6. The B cell of claim 5 wherein the transgenic animal is a mouse.

7. The B cell of claim 1 wherein, in said antibodies, the rearranged variable region is encoded by the transgene that has not undergone somatic hypermutation.

8. A method to obtain an antibody that binds to an antigen, the method comprising culturing the B cell of claim 1 to obtain a population of said B cells and recovering antibodies secreted by said B cells.

9. A method to obtain an antibody that binds to an antigen, the method comprising culturing the B cell of claim 2 to obtain a population of said B cells and recovering antibodies secreted by said B cells.

10. A method to obtain an antibody that binds to an antigen, the method comprising culturing the B cell of claim 3 to obtain a population of said B cells and recovering antibodies secreted by said B cells.

11. A method to obtain an antibody or fragment thereof that binds to an antigen, the method comprising (a) isolating nucleic acid comprising nucleotide sequences encoding the antibody secreted by the B cell of claim 1; (b) transfecting recombinant host cells with expression system(s) for production of the antibody or fragment encoded by the nucleotide sequences contained in the nucleic acid obtained in step (a); (c) culturing said host cells, and (d) recovering the antibodies or fragments secreted by the host cells.

12. Recombinant host cells that comprise nucleic acids that express nucleotide sequences encoding the antibody secreted by the B cell of claim 1 or an antigen-binding fragment thereof.

13. A method to obtain an antibody or fragment thereof that binds to an antigen which method comprises culturing the cells of claim 12 under conditions wherein said nucleotide sequences are expressed and recovering said antibody or fragment.

14. A method to obtain an antibody or fragment thereof that binds to an antigen, the method comprising (a) isolating nucleic acid comprising nucleotide sequences encoding the antibody secreted by the B cell of claim 2; (b) transfecting recombinant host cells with expression system(s) for production of the antibody or fragment encoded by the nucleotide sequences contained in the nucleic acid obtained in step (a); (c) culturing said host cells, and (d) recovering the antibodies or fragments secreted by the host cells.

15. Recombinant host cells that comprise nucleic acids that express nucleotide sequences encoding the antibody secreted by the B cell of claim 2 or an antigen-binding fragment thereof.

16. A method to obtain an antibody or fragment thereof that binds to an antigen which method comprises culturing the cells of claim 15 under conditions wherein said nucleotide sequences are expressed and recovering said antibody or fragment.

17. A method to obtain an antibody or fragment thereof that binds to an antigen, the method comprising (a) isolating nucleic acid comprising nucleotide sequences encoding the antibody secreted by the B cell of claim 3; (b) transfecting recombinant host cells with expression system(s) for production of the antibody or fragment encoded by the nucleotide sequences contained in the nucleic acid obtained in step (a); (c) culturing said host cells, and (d) recovering the antibodies or fragments secreted by the host cells.

18. Recombinant host cells that comprise nucleic acids that express nucleotide sequences encoding the antibody secreted by the B cell of claim 3 or an antigen-binding fragment thereof.

19. A method to obtain an antibody or fragment thereof that binds to an antigen which method comprises culturing the cells of claim 18 under conditions wherein said nucleotide sequences are expressed and recovering said antibody or fragment.

20. A recombinant expression system which system is a nucleic acid comprising a nucleotide sequence encoding at least a variable region of an antibody secreted by the B cell of claim 1, operatively linked to control sequences for expression.

21. A recombinant expression system which system is a nucleic acid comprising a nucleotide sequence encoding at least a variable region of an antibody secreted by the B cell of claim 2, operatively linked to control sequences for expression.

22. A recombinant expression system which system is a nucleic acid comprising a nucleotide sequence encoding at least a variable region of an antibody secreted by the B cell of claim 3, operatively linked to control sequences for expression.
Description



CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

[0001] This application is a divisional of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 12/589,181, filed Oct. 19, 2009, pending, which application is a continuation of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 12/459,285, filed Jun. 29, 2009, abandoned, which applications claim the benefit, under 35 U.S.C. .sctn. 119(e), to U.S. Provisional Patent Application Ser. No. 61/133,274, filed Jun. 27, 2008, for "Antibody Producing Non-Human Mammals," the entire contents of each of which are hereby incorporated herein by this reference.

STATEMENT ACCORDING TO 37 C.F.R. .sctn. 1.821(c) or (e)--SEQUENCE LISTING SUBMITTED AS ASCII TEXT FILE

[0002] Pursuant to 37 C.F.R. .sctn. 1.821(c) or (e), files containing a TXT version and a PDF version of the Sequence Listing have been submitted concomitant with this application, the contents of which are hereby incorporated by reference.

TECHNICAL FIELD

[0003] The invention relates to the production and use of non-human animals capable of producing antibodies or derivatives thereof, which are expressed from at least partially exogenous nucleic acids (transgenes). Transgenes to produce such transgenic animals and methods to produce such heterologous antibodies; methods and vectors for producing such transgenic animals are disclosed.

BACKGROUND

[0004] B cells mediate humoral immunity by producing specific antibodies. The basic structural subunit of an antibody (Ab) is an immunoglobulin (Ig) molecule. Ig molecules consist of a complex of two identical heavy (H) and two identical light (L) polypeptide chains. At the amino terminus of each H chain and L chain is a region that varies in amino acid sequence named the variable (V) region. The remaining portion of the H and L chains is relatively constant in amino acid sequence and is named the constant (C) region. In an Ig molecule, the H and L chain V regions (VH and VL) are juxtaposed to form the potential antigen-binding site. The genes that encode H and L chain V regions are assembled somatically from segments of germline DNA during precursor B (pre-B) cell differentiation: V, D and J gene segments for the H chain and V and J gene segments for the L chain. Within Ig V regions are three regions of greatest amino acid sequence variability that interact to form the antigen-recognition site and are thus referred to as complementarity determining regions (CDRs).

[0005] The V gene segment encodes the bulk of the V region domain, including CDR1 and CDR2. Diversity in CDR1 and CDR2 derives from sequence heterogeneity among multiple different germline-encoded V segments. CDR3 is encoded by sequences that are formed by the joining of H chain V, D, and J gene segments and L chain V and J segments and by mechanisms that create nucleotide sequence heterogeneity where these segments are combined. Additional diversity may be derived from pairing of different H and L chain V regions. Collectively these processes yield a primary repertoire of antibodies encoded by germline gene segments and expressed by newly formed B cells.

[0006] An additional source of antibody diversity is imposed on top of the diversity generated by recombination of Ig gene segments. B cells are able to introduce mutations into the antibody V regions that they express, a process called somatic hypermutation. Thus, when an animal first encounters an antigen, the antigen binds to a specific B cell which happens to carry antibodies which have a V domain which binds the antigen. This primary response may activate this B cell to go on to secrete the cognate antibody. These activated B cells can also now target a somatic mutation process to their rearranged antibody gene segments and thus allow the production of daughter cells which make variants of the antibodies of the primary response. A selection process amplifies those variant B cell descendants which make an antibody of improved affinity of the antigen. In B cells, somatic hypermutations are targeted to a restricted genomic region including both the rearranged VH and VL genes. Thus somatic mutation allows affinity maturation--the production and selection of high affinity antibodies. Therefore, somatic mutation is important for the generation of high affinity antibodies.

[0007] The exquisite specificity and high affinity of antibodies and the discovery of hybridoma technology allowing the generation of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) has generated great expectations for their utilization as targeted therapeutics for human diseases. MAbs are identical because they are produced by a single B cell and its progeny. MAbs are made by fusing the spleen cells from a mouse that has been immunized with the desired antigen with myeloma cells to generate immortalized hybridomas. One of the major impediments facing the development of in vivo applications for mAbs in humans is the intrinsic immunogenicity of non-human Igs. Patients respond to therapeutic doses of mouse mAbs by making antibodies against the mouse Ig sequences (Human Anti Mouse Antibodies; HAMA), causing acute toxicity, alter their biodistribution and accelerate clearance, thus reducing the efficacy of subsequent administrations (Mirick et al. (2004), Q. Nucl. Med. Mol. Imaging 48:251-257).

[0008] To circumvent the generation of HAMA, antibody humanization methods have been developed in an attempt to produce mAbs with decreased immunogenicity when applied to humans. These endeavors have yielded various recombinant DNA-based approaches aimed at increasing the content of human amino acid sequences in mAbs while retaining the specificity and affinity of the parental non-human antibody. Humanization began with the construction of mouse-human chimeric mAbs (S. L. Morrison et al. (1984), Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 81:6851-5), in which the Ig C regions in murine mAbs were replaced by human C regions. Chimeric mAbs contain 60-70% of human amino acid sequences and are considerably less immunogenic than their murine counterparts when injected into humans, albeit that a human anti-chimeric antibody response was still observed (W. Y. Hwang et al. (2005), Methods 36:3-10).

[0009] In attempts to further humanize murine mAbs, CDR grafting was developed. In CDR grafting, murine antibodies are humanized by grafting their CDRs onto the VL and VH frameworks of human Ig molecules, while retaining those murine framework residues deemed essential for specificity and affinity (P. T. Jones et al. (1986), Nature 321:522). Overall, CDR-grafted antibodies consist of more than 80% human amino acid sequences (C. Queen et al. (1989), Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 86:10029; P. Carter et al. (1992), Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 89:4285). Despite these efforts, CDR-grafted, humanized antibodies were shown to still evoke an antibody response against the grafted V region (W. Y. Hwang et al. (2005), Methods 36:3).

[0010] Subsequently to CDR grafting, humanization methods based on different paradigms such as resurfacing (E. A. Padlan et al. (1991), Mol. Immunol. 28:489), superhumanization (P. Tan D. A. et al. (2002), J. Immunol. 169:1119), human string content optimization (G. A. Lazar et al. (2007), Mol. Immunol. 44:1986) and humaneering have been developed in an attempt to further decrease the content of non-human sequences in therapeutic mAbs (J. C. Almagro et al. (2008), Frontiers in Bioscience 13:1619). As in CDR grafting approaches, these methods rely on analyses of the antibody structure and sequence comparison of the non-human and human mAbs in order to evaluate the impact of the humanization process into immunogenicity of the final product. When comparing the immunogenicity of chimeric and humanized antibodies, humanization of variable regions appears to decrease immunogenicity further (W. Y. Hwang et al. (2005), Methods 36:3-10).

[0011] De-immunization is another approach developed to reduce the immunogenicity of chimeric or mouse antibodies. It involves the identification of linear T-cell epitopes in the antibody of interest, using bioinformatics, and their subsequent replacement by site-directed mutagenesis to human or non-immunogenic sequences (WO 9852976 A1, the contents of which are incorporated by this reference). Although de-immunized antibodies exhibited reduced immunogenicity in primates, compared with their chimeric counterparts, some loss of binding affinity was observed (M. Jain et al. (2007), Trends in Biotechnol. 25:307).

[0012] The development of phage display technology complemented and extended humanization approaches in attempts to obtain less immunogenic mAbs for therapy in humans. In phage display, large collections ("libraries") of human antibody VH and VL regions are expressed on the surface of filamentous bacteriophage particles. From these libraries, rare phages are selected through binding interaction with antigen; soluble antibody fragments are expressed from infected bacteria and the affinity of binding of selected antibodies is improved by mutation (G. Winter et al. (1994), Annu. Rev. Immunol. 12:433). The process mimics immune selection, and antibodies with many different bindings specificities have been isolated using this approach (H. R. Hoogenboom et al. (2005), Nat. Biotechnol. 23:1105). Various sources of H and L chain V regions have been used to construct phage display libraries including those isolated from non-immune or immune donors. In addition, phage display libraries have been constructed of V regions that contain artificially randomized synthetic CDR regions in order to create additional diversity. Often, antibodies obtained from phage display libraries are subjected to in vitro affinity maturation to obtain high affinity antibodies (H. R. Hoogenboom et al. (2005), Nat. Biotechnol. 23:1105).

[0013] The creation of transgenic mouse strains producing human antibodies in the absence of mouse antibodies has provided another technology platform for the generation of specific and high affinity human mAbs for application in humans. In these transgenic animals, the endogenous mouse antibody machinery is inactivated and replaced by human Ig loci to substantially reproduce the human humoral immune system in mice (A. Jakobovits et al. (2007), Nat. Biotechnol. 25:1134; N. Lonberg (2005), Nat. Biotechnol. 23:1117). B cell development as well as Ig diversification by recombination of gene segments is faithfully reproduced in these mice, leading to a diverse repertoire of murine B cells expressing human Igs. By immunizing these mice with antigens, it was further demonstrated that these transgenic animals accumulated somatic mutations in the V regions of both heavy and light chains to produce a wide diversity of high-affinity human mAbs (N. Lonberg (2005), Nat. Biotechnol. 23:1117).

[0014] The question, whether "fully human" mAbs such as derived from phage display libraries or transgenic mice are less immunogenic than humanized mAbs cannot be answered yet, because full immunogenicity data are available for just two human mAbs. An anti-tumor necrosis factor mAb, developed from phage-displayed human libraries induced antibody responses in 12% of patients--at the higher end of the incidence of anti-antibody responses of the humanized antibodies (W. Y. Hwang et al. (2005), Methods 36:3-10).

[0015] Evaluation of the immunogenicity of the first registered human mAb generated by the transgenic approach demonstrated that mAb treatment resulted in the generation of antibodies in approximately 5.5% of treated cancer patients (A. Jakobovits et al. (2007), Nat. Biotechnol. 25:1134; J. A. Lofgren et al. (2007), J. Immunol. 178:7467).

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION

[0016] Disclosed are a method and means for producing antibodies that are specific for their targets, but are less immunogenic. Described herein, the reduction of immunogenicity is at least partially achieved by providing a transgenic non-human mammal comprising, at least in its B cell lineage, a nucleic acid encoding at least an immunoglobulin light chain or heavy chain, wherein the heavy- or light chain encoding sequence is provided with a means that renders it resistant to DNA rearrangements and/or somatic hypermutations, preferably such a non-human animal is a rodent, more specifically a mouse. In certain embodiments, the nucleic acid encodes a human, human-like, or humanized immunoglobulin chain.

[0017] In the remainder of this specification, mice are typically used as examples of the non-human mammals. The transgenic, non-human, mammalian hosts are capable of mounting an immune response to an antigen, where the response produces antibodies having primate, particularly human, variable regions. Various transgenic hosts may be employed, particularly murine, lagomorpha, ovine, avine, porcine, equine, canine, feline, or the like. Mice have been used for the production of B-lymphocytes for immortalization for the production of antibodies. Since mice are easy to handle, can be bred in large numbers, and are known to have an extensive immune repertoire, mice will usually be the animal of choice. Therefore, in the following discussion, the discussion will refer to mice, but it should be understood that other animals, particularly non-primate mammals, may be readily substituted for the mice, following the same procedures.

[0018] The reason for preventing rearrangements and hypermutation is that in this manner a non-immunogenic polypeptide can be chosen beforehand knowing that this polypeptide chain will remain non-immunogenic. At least one of the chains of the resulting immunoglobulin is thus less immunogenic. The resulting antibody needs to have (usually) both a light- and a heavy chain. The non-immunogenic chain must therefore be capable of pairing with the other chain. The other chain may be an endogenous chain, an exogenous chain or a hybrid of both. For human therapy, the non-immunogenic chain should be as close to human as possible.

[0019] A means for rendering a gene encoding an immunoglobulin chain (or chains) resistant to DNA rearrangement and/or mutation is of course removal of all genetic elements responsible for the rearrangement and/or mutation. The drawback thereof is that the variability of the two chains is eliminated, whereas the invention preferably retains the variability in one chain (preferably the heavy chain) and inhibits and/or prevents the rearrangement-mutation of the other chain (preferably the light chain).

[0020] The elements for rearrangement and/or hypermutation characterized so far are located within the loci for immunoglobulins. Therefore the means for rendering the immunoglobulin encoding sequence resistant to DNA rearrangement and/or mutation is inserting the gene in a locus outside the immunoglobulin loci.

[0021] Thus, described herein, a transgenic non-human mammal is provided wherein the light/heavy chain encoding sequence is integrated in the genome of the non-human mammal in a locus outside the immunoglobulin loci. Preferably the insertion is in a locus that is resistant to gene silencing. Described herein, the integration is in the Rosa-locus or a comparable locus.

[0022] In certain embodiments, provided is an expression cassette that can be inserted into a Rosa locus or comparable locus with a means that allows expression of the immunoglobulin chain(s) essentially limited to cells of B cell lineage, preferably with a means that allows expression of the light chain encoding nucleic acid during a certain stage of the development of B cells. The term "essentially limited expression" indicates that expression is predominantly in cells of the B-cell lineage, but that lower levels of expression in other cells, as compared to the level of expression in B-cells, is possible. In certain embodiments, the term "essentially limited expression" indicates that the expression is exclusively present in cells of the B-cell lineage. Such means typically and preferably include B cell (developmental stage) specific promoters such as CD19, CD20, .mu.HC (all V-genes), VpreB1, VpreB2, VpreB3, .lamda.5, Ig.alpha., Ig.beta., .kappa.LC (all genes), .lamda.LC (all genes), BSAP (Pax5). Although it is very well possible to direct the expression of the DNA rearrangement and/or mutation resistant chain by such promoters, they are relatively weak. A strong promoter will typically be required to ensure adequate surface expression of the B cell receptor (made up of the membrane attached Ig H and L chain) and to compete with the expression and pairing of endogenous chains (if present) through allelic exclusion. Such a promoter, however is usually not tissue specific. To confer tissue specificity, an indirect system employing Cre/lox or the like is preferred. The desired chain is put under control of a strong promoter inhibited by an element that can be removed by the action of a Cre-protein, leading to activation of the desired immunoglobulin encoding gene. This system is described in detail in F. T. Wunderlich (2004), "Generation of inducible Cre systems for conditional gene inactivation in mice," Inauguraldissertation zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Fakultat der Universitat zu Koln; on the internet at deposit. ddb.de/cgi-bin/dokserv?idn=97557230x&dok_var=d1&dok_ext=pdf&filename=9755- 72 30x. pdf.

[0023] Preferably the immunoglobulin chain produced in a manner resistant to rearrangements and hypermutation is a light chain capable of pairing with different heavy chains encoded by the non-human mammal. The light chain will then be the same (and less immunogenic) in all antibodies, but variety in specificity is retained through rearrangements and hypermutations in the heavy chains. It may in that case be preferable to silence at least one of the endogenous loci encoding a light chain, although allelic exclusion may render this unnecessary.

[0024] According to this embodiment, preferably the endogenous kappa (.kappa.) light chain locus is functionally silenced.

[0025] If the endogenous .kappa. light chain locus is silenced, but also for other reasons, it is preferred that the resistant light chain is a .kappa. light chain, preferably a light chain that has a germline-like sequence. Described herein such a light chain would lead to an antibody with reduced immunogenicity. The preferred germline sequence is based on the human IGKV1-39 (O12) as this light chain is very frequently observed in the human repertoire (de Wildt et al. 1999, J Mol. Biol. 285(3):895 and has superior thermodynamic stability, yield and solubility (Ewert et al. 2003, J. Mol. Biol. 325(3):531).

[0026] The following gives more specific embodiments of the expression cassette with which the non-human animal can be provided described herein. Although this is typically advantageous for immunoglobulins, other genes of interest are also contemplated.

[0027] Thus, provided in a specific embodiment is a transgenic non-human mammal wherein the light chain encoding nucleic acid comprises in 5'-3' direction: a B cell specific promoter, a leader, a rearranged human V gene, optionally a mouse .kappa.-intron enhancer (MoE.kappa.i), a constant region (.kappa.) and optionally a (truncated) mouse .kappa.-3' enhancer (MoE.kappa.3'). Neuberger identified and examined a novel B-cell specific enhancer located downstream of the kappa constant region (Neuberger, EP 00469025 B 1, the contents of which are incorporated herein by this reference). This enhancer has been shown to play a crucial role in the expression of kappa genes as removal of the 808 bp enhancer strongly reduced expression. Deletion of the 3' kappa enhancer also strongly reduced the level of somatic hypermutations (SHM). In transgenic and cell expression studies. it has been revealed that reduced, mutated or deleted 3' kappa enhancers not only lowered expression levels but also decreased the level of somatic hypermutations. Currently, it cannot be determined whether the 3' kappa enhancer is involved in SHM processes, expression regulation or both (review V. H. Odegard et al. (2006), Nat. Rev. Immunol. 6:573; M. Inlay et al. (2002), Nat. Immunol. 3:463).

[0028] Detailed expression studies using engineered variants of the 3' kappa enhancer indicated that a 50 nucleotide region is sufficient to drive expression. However for proper expression a reduced sequence of 145 nucleotides is preferred (EP04690251; K. B. Meyer et al. (1990), Nucleic Acids Res. 18(19):5609-15).

[0029] Thus, the invention in one aspect provides a nucleic acid for insertion into the genome of a non human animal that is an expression cassette for the expression of a desired proteinaceous molecule in cells developing into mature B cells during a certain stage of development, the cassette comprising means for preventing silencing of expression of the desired proteinaceous molecule after introduction into a host cell, and means for timing expression of the desired proteinaceous molecule with the desired developmental stage of the host cell.

[0030] An expression cassette is defined as a nucleic acid that has been provided with means for introduction into the genome of a host cell, such as sequences which allow for homologous recombination with a certain site in the genome. Usually the nucleic acid will be DNA, typically double stranded. Typically the expression cassette will be provided to the cell in a vector from which it is transferred to the genome of the cell. The expression cassette further comprises all elements necessary for expression of the gene in a host cell, although in certain embodiments some of such elements may be present on a second nucleic acid to be introduced, whereby these elements act in trans. Elements necessary for expression in a host cell include promoters, enhancers and other regulatory elements. Only those elements are necessary that are not provided by the host cell.

[0031] The expression of the gene of interest should not be silenced in the genome of the host cell, especially not in the development stage where expression is required. This can be done by various means, such as insertion into the endogenous locus or by providing the cassette with nucleic acid elements that prevent silencing (Kwaks et al. (2006), Trends Biotechnol. 24(3):137-142, which is incorporated herein by reference). It is preferred that the expression cassette is inserted in a locus that is not silenced in the host cells (EP 01439234; which is incorporated herein by reference).

[0032] The means for prevention of silencing comprise STabilizing Anti-Repression-sequences (STAR.RTM.-sequences) and Matrix Attachment Regions (MARs). A STAR sequence is a nucleic acid sequence that comprises a capacity to influence transcription of genes in cis. Typically, although not necessarily, a STAR sequence does not code by itself for a functional protein element. In one embodiment one STAR element is used. Preferably, however, more than one STAR element is used. In a particularly preferred embodiment an expression cassette described herein is provided with two STAR sequences; one STAR sequence at the 5' side of the coding sequence of the immunoglobulin gene and one STAR sequence at the 3' side of the coding sequence of the immunoglobulin gene. MARs are DNA sequences that are involved in anchoring DNA/chromatin to the nuclear matrix and they have been described in both mammalian and plant species. MARs possess a number of features that facilitate the opening and maintenance of euchromatin. MARs can increase transgene expression and limit position-effects.

[0033] Expression from the cassette should only occur during a certain period in the development of a cell, in particular a developing B cell, more in particular a B cell in a transgenic non-human animal, in particular a mouse. In this particular case the developmental period is chosen such that the expression of the gene from the cassette (typically a light- or heavy chain-like polypeptide) does not significantly interfere with the normal differentiation and/or maturation of the cell and when applicable, allows for pairing of the polypeptide chain produced with its counterpart.

[0034] This may, in one embodiment, be achieved by providing a nucleic acid described herein, wherein the means for timing expression is a promoter of which the activity is essentially limited to the certain stage of development. In a developing B cell, which, e.g., after immunization is maturing and/or differentiating, the expression of the gene of interest, when it is one of the polypeptide chains of an immunoglobulin, must not interfere (significantly) with the maturation and/or differentiation and it needs to be timed such that the resulting polypeptide can pair with its counterparts. Therefore, provided is a nucleic acid described herein wherein the certain stage starts at a stage immediately preceding or coinciding with the onset of the expression of light chain molecules by the cells at a certain stage of development into a mature B cell. This may be achieved by selecting a promoter which is active only during the suitable period. Such a promoter may be a CD19 promoter, the Ig-.alpha. promoter, the Ig-.beta. promoter, the .mu.hc (all genes) promoter, the Vk promoter or analogues or homologues thereof.

[0035] In a specific embodiment, the promoter as disclosed above does not drive the expression of the gene of interest directly. Instead it drives the expression of a gene of which the product activates in trans the expression of the gene of interest. Such an activating gene may be a gene encoding a so-called Cre recombinase or Cre-like protein. The expression cassette for the gene of interest may, e.g., be provided with a sequence that inhibits expression of the gene of interest. The sequence can be removed by the action of the Cre recombinase, which is under control of the desired promoter (active during the proper stage of development). In this embodiment a set of expression cassettes is required.

[0036] Therefore, provided is a set of nucleic acids that are expression cassettes, wherein one nucleic acid comprises an expression cassette encoding a Cre-like protein under control of a promoter active during the desired stage of development of the host cell and the second nucleic acid comprises a sequence encoding a desired proteinaceous molecule under control of a constitutive promoter which can be activated by the action of a Cre-like protein. The activation is preferably achieved by removal of a stop sequence flanked by loxP sites. The Cre/lox system is described in detail in Rajewsky et al. (1996), J. Clin. Invest. 98:600-603, which is incorporated herein by reference. Such systems are reviewed in F. T. Wunderlich (2004), "Generation of inducible Cre systems for conditional gene inactivation in mice," Inauguraldissertation zur Erlangung des Doktorgrades der Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Fakultat der Universitat zu Koln; on the World Wide Web at deposit.ddb.de/cgi-bin/dokserv?idn=97557230x&dok_var=d1&dok_ext=pdf&filen- ame=97557230x.pd, which is incorporated herein by reference.

[0037] Further provided is a transgenic non-human animal that has been provided with an expression cassette hereof, wherein the desired proteinaceous molecule is a polypeptide chain of an immunoglobulin. A preferred polypeptide chain is a light chain. A more preferred polypeptide is a germline or germline-like light chain. A most preferred polypeptide is encoded by the immunoglobulin kappa variable 1-39 (IGKV1-39, also known as O12) gene segment, preferably the rearranged germline kappa light chain IGKV1-39*01/IGKJ1*01 (nomenclature according to the IMGT database, at [worldwideweb].imgt.org).

[0038] In certain embodiments, the polypeptide chain is rendered essentially incapable of rearrangement and/or of excluded of any sequence modification such as normally operating on Ig during the process of B cell affinity maturation. Therefore, provided is a transgenic non-human animal that has been provided with an expression cassette described herein, wherein the rearrangement and/or sequence modifications are prevented by the absence of elements at least partially responsible for somatic hypermutation such as, for example, the MoE.kappa.i enhancer.

[0039] A preferred expression cassette described herein comprises means for prevention of silencing. In one embodiment, the means for prevention of silencing are means for insertion into a locus in the genome of the host cell that is resistant to silencing. The means for insertion are preferably means for homologous recombination into the site resistant to silencing. A preferred locus when the non-human animal is a mouse is the rosa-locus.

[0040] A further preferred expression cassette described herein comprises in 5'-3' direction: a V.kappa. promoter, a mouse leader, a human V gene, optionally a MoE.kappa.i enhancer, a rat constant region (C.kappa.) and optionally a (truncated) MoE.kappa.3' enhancer.

[0041] Yet a further preferred expression cassette described herein comprises in 5'-3' direction: a V.kappa. promoter, a human leader, a human V gene, optionally a MoE.kappa.i enhancer, a rat constant region (C.kappa.) and optionally a (truncated) MoE.kappa.3' enhancer.

[0042] Certain antibodies produced as described herein may be used in human therapeutics and diagnostics. Thus, provided is a method for producing a desired antibody comprising exposing a non-human mammal described herein to an antigen such that an antibody response is induced and isolating the antibodies specific for the antigen.

[0043] In certain embodiments, provided are methods for producing a desired antibody comprising exposing a non-human mammal described herein to an antigen such that an antibody response is induced and isolating cells producing such antibodies, culturing and optionally immortalizing the cells and harvesting the antibodies.

[0044] In certain embodiments, provided is a method for producing a desired antibody comprising exposing a non-human mammal described herein to an antigen such that an antibody response is induced and isolating a nucleic acid encoding at least part of such an antibody, inserting the nucleic acid or a copy or a derivative thereof in an expression cassette and expressing the antibody in a host cell.

[0045] The methods for producing antibodies from transgenic mice are known to a person skilled in the art. Particularly preferred are methods for production of mixtures of antibodies from one cell, whereby the nucleic acids encoding these antibodies have been derived from mice described herein.

[0046] These so-called oligoclonics are disclosed in WO04106375 and WO05068622, which are incorporated herein by reference.

[0047] Described herein are transgenic non-human mammals, preferably mice, capable of generating specific and high affinity hybrid mouse-human antibodies with preferably human immunoglobulin light chain variable (VL) regions in or near germline configuration and preferably murine immunoglobulin heavy chain variable (VH) regions that may have accumulated somatic mutations during the process of antigen-driven affinity maturation. It is envisaged that the murine VH regions of the hybrid antibodies may be subjected to humanization procedures to yield mAbs that have reduced immunogenicity when applied in humans based on germline or near-germline VL regions and murine VH regions that have been humanized.

[0048] In particular, we have shown that transgenic mice that harbor a DNA expression construct that encodes a rearranged human VL region under the control of cis-acting genetic elements that provide timely and regulated expression of the transgene on a significant proportion of B cells during B cell development, yet lack elements that direct the somatic hypermutation machinery to the transgene, are capable of generating specific and high affinity mouse-human hybrid antibodies with essentially unmutated L chains. It is shown that the rearranged human transgene is capable of pairing with a diversity of endogenous murine immunoglobulin H chains to form mouse-human hybrid immunoglobulins expressed on the surface of B cells and to sufficiently facilitate murine B cell development to obtain a sizeable and diverse peripheral B cell compartment.

[0049] In certain embodiments, the transgene expression construct harbors the coding sequences of a human rearranged L chain V region under the control of a human VL promoter to direct B-cell specific expression. In addition, the construct harbors the murine 3' Ck enhancer sequence for B cell specific and inducible and high level expression of the transgene. Furthermore, the construct is designed to lack regulatory elements that facilitate the recruitment of the somatic hypermutation machinery to the transgene, such as the intron enhancer and the 3' C-kappa enhancer.

[0050] In a related embodiment, the rearranged human VL gene is inserted in the murine Rosa26 locus by site-specific integration. The Rosa26 locus is useful in the context of the "targeted transgenesis" approach for efficient generation of transgenic organisms (such as mice) with a predictable transgene expression pattern.

[0051] In certain embodiments, the rearranged human VL region is selected for its capacity to pair with many different murine VH genes so as to ensure the generation of a population of B cells with a diverse VH gene repertoire. A method of obtaining such VL regions comprises amplifying a repertoire of rearranged VH genes from the B cells of mice and a repertoire of human rearranged germline VL regions from the B cells of humans and cloning them into phagemid display vectors to prepare diverse libraries of hybrid immunoglobulins in bacteria. By nucleotide sequence analysis of collections of unselected and antigen-selected VH/VL pairs, human germline VL genes that pair with many different murine VH genes are identified. A collection of human germline VL genes with this capacity is described.

[0052] In one embodiment, it is shown that upon immunization with antigen, the B cells are capable of mounting an immune response, leading to the generation of B cells that secrete hybrid antibodies with high specificity and affinity. The V regions encoding these antibodies are characterized by the human transgenic light chain that harbors no or very few mutations and a murine heavy chain that harbors a variable number of mutations introduced by the somatic hypermutation machinery.

[0053] In a related embodiment, strategies to obtain high affinity hybrid monoclonal antibodies from the transgenic mice by hybridoma and display technologies are contemplated as well as procedures to humanize the murine VH regions to obtain less immunogenic antibodies for application in humans.

[0054] In one embodiment, provided is an immunoglobulin L chain transgene construct comprising DNA sequences that encode a human immunoglobulin VL region in combination with a light chain constant region (CL) of an animal immunoglobulin protein, which sequences are operably linked to transcription regulatory sequences that, when integrated in a non-human transgenic animal, produce an Ig VL-CL polypeptide with a human VL region that is not or marginally subject to somatic hypermutation. The Ig VL is capable of pairing with rearranged VH-CH polypeptides that are generated during B cell development in the non-human transgenic animal, with the VH-CH polypeptides retaining the capacity to undergo somatic hypermutation upon stimulation. The CL region may be of any animal species and is generally capable of pairing with the CH regions of the non-human transgenic animal.

[0055] Also included is the use of a transgene construct as above in producing a transgenic non-human animal capable of the production of hybrid antibodies consisting of VL-CL polypeptides and VH-CH polypeptides in which the VL region is of human origin and the CL, VH and CH may be of any animal species, including human. Upon immunization, these transgenic animals are capable of generating high affinity antibodies encoded by somatically hypermutated VH genes and essentially non-mutated VL genes encoded by the transgene.

[0056] In another aspect, provided is a process for the production of a transgenic non-human animal capable of the production of hybrid antibodies in response to antigenic challenge, comprising functionally disrupting the endogenous immunoglobulin light chain locus and inserting into the animal genome a transgene construct of the invention.

[0057] Included is the use of animals obtainable by this process in the production of B cells that produce immunoglobulin having human VL light chain. In another aspect of the invention there is provided a process for the production of B cells that produce immunoglobulin having human VL and binding to a selected antigen, comprising challenging an animal obtainable by a process as above with the antigen and screening for B cells from the animal that bind the antigen. Further included is B cells obtainable by this process and hybridomas obtainable by immortalizing such B cells, e.g., hybridomas obtained by fusing B cells as above with myeloma cells. Also included is a process for producing monoclonal antibody comprising cultivating such a hybridoma. In yet a further aspect, provided is the use of the above B cells in producing a hybridoma or corresponding monoclonal antibody.

[0058] Described herein is a process for the production of immunoglobulin having human VL chain and binding to a selected antigen, comprising challenging an animal obtainable as above with the antigen and obtaining immunoglobulin there from.

[0059] In one strategy, as an individual step, a rearranged VL region encoded by human germline V and J gene segments and a light chain constant region of any animal species but preferably a murine constant region is introduced into the mouse germ line. The transgene DNA may be introduced into the pronuclei of fertilized oocytes or embryonic stem cells. The integration may be random or homologous depending on the particular strategy to be employed. For example, the VL transgene may be introduced by random insertion, resulting in mice that bear one or multiple copies of the transgene in the genome. Alternatively, the human VL transgene may be targeted to a specific genomic locus using site-specific recombination as described in the art.

[0060] In certain embodiments, the VL transgene is targeted to the murine ROSA26 locus which is a suitable integration site allowing strong and predictable expression of inserted transgenes (European Patent Office document EP 1,439,234 A1, the contents of which are incorporated herein by this reference). The targeting vector allows insertion of a single copy of a gene expression cassette, thus avoiding modulation of transgene expression by the arrangement of multiple copies. By choosing the autosomal Rosa26 locus as insertion site, the expression pattern of the inserted transgene in the non-human animal is predictable. Furthermore, random X inactivation and/or modulation by chromosomal position effects are avoided. This also eliminates the need to generate and analyze multiple transgenic strains for any given transgene. Finally, the Rosa26 targeting vector for the site-specific integration can be used for multiple gene expression cassettes. Thus, it may be envisaged that two or more different rearranged germline human VL regions are inserted into the Rosa26 locus to further increase the diversity of the repertoire of hybrid or human antibodies.

[0061] In another embodiment, a rearranged human VL region may be targeted to the murine Ig kappa or lambda light chain locus so as to functionally inactivate the endogenous locus or mice containing the rearranged human VL region may be bred with mice that lack functional kappa or lambda Ig loci or both. Thus, by using transformation, using repetitive steps or in combination with breeding, transgenic animals may be obtained which are able to produce antibodies harboring the human VL transgene in the substantial absence of endogenous host immunoglobulin light chains.

[0062] In one embodiment, a human VL transgene is selected for its capacity to pair with a substantial portion of murine VH regions to form a diverse repertoire of functional mouse-human hybrid antibodies expressed on the surface of B cells. By a substantial portion of murine VH regions is meant that the human VL pairs with at least with 0.1% of the murine VH regions generated during B cell development, more preferably with at least 1% and most preferably with at least 10%. Methods to identify human VL genes with this characteristic include randomly pairing a repertoire of human VL regions with a repertoire of murine VH regions, co-expression of VH and VL regions in appropriate eukaryotic or prokaryotic expression vectors and screening for human VL regions that pair with a substantial portion of murine VH regions. In one embodiment, phagemid vectors may be used to direct expression of mouse-human antibody fragments in bacterial cells or to the surface of filamentous phage and analysis of binding capacity of antibody fragments by methods known in the art.

[0063] In another embodiment, a human VL transgene is selected for its capacity to pair with a substantial portion of human VH regions to form a diverse repertoire of human antibodies expressed on the surface of B cells. By a substantial portion of human VH regions is meant that the human VL pairs with at least with 0.1% of the human VH regions generated during B cell development, more preferably with at least 1% and most preferably with at least 10%.

[0064] In the latter embodiment, the human VL transgenic mice are crossed with mice that harbor functional rearranged or non-rearranged human H chain immunoglobulin loci and functionally inactivated endogenous H chain Ig loci as described in the art. The functional inactivation of the two copies of each of the three host Ig loci (heavy chain, kappa and lambda light chain), where the host contains the human IgH and the rearranged human VL transgene would allow for the production of purely human antibody molecules without the production of host or host human chimeric antibodies. Such a host strain, by immunization with specific antigens, would respond by the production of mouse B-cells producing specific human antibodies, which B-cells are subsequently fused with mouse myeloma cells or are immortalized in any other manner for the continuous stable production of human monoclonal antibodies. Alternatively, the population of B cells is used as a source of VH regions that can be obtained by constructing cDNA libraries or by PCR amplification using primers for human VH regions as is known in the art.

[0065] A human rearranged VL gene is reconstructed in an appropriate eukaryotic or prokaryotic microorganism and the resulting DNA fragments can be introduced into pronuclei of fertilized mouse oocytes or embryonic stem cells. Various constructs that direct B cell specific expression of VL transgenes have been described in the art and have the following general format: a leader sequence and relevant upstream sequences to direct B cell specific expression of the transgene, a coding sequence of a human VL transgene, an enhancer sequence that directs B cell specific and high level expression of the transgene and a murine constant region gene. In a preferred format, the enhancer is the C-kappa 3' enhancer because it directs high level expression in B-lineage cells, but does not recruit somatic hypermutation when used in transgene constructs.

[0066] In one embodiment, animals, preferably mice, comprising one or multiple copies of the transgene in the genome are isolated and analyzed for stable expression. Animals are selected that show stable expression of the transgene over longer periods of time, preferably in B-cells. If required, different animal lines comprising independent insertions of one or multiple copies of the transgene, preferably on different chromosomes, are crossed to obtain animals with different insertions of one or multiple copies of the transgene to increase expression of the transgene in animals, preferably in B-cells.

[0067] Further provided is progeny of a transgenic non-human animal described herein, the progeny comprising, at least in its B-cell lineage, a heavy- or light chain encoding sequence together with a means that renders the sequence resistant to DNA rearrangements and/or somatic hypermutations.

[0068] Further provided is progeny of a transgenic non-human animal described herein, the progeny comprising an expression cassette for the expression of a desired proteinaceous molecule in cells during a certain stage of development in cells developing into mature B cells.

[0069] In addition, provided is a cell that is isolated from a transgenic non-human animal described herein, the cell comprising a heavy- or light chain encoding sequence together with a means that renders the sequence resistant to DNA rearrangements and/or somatic hypermutations. In addition, provided is a cell that is isolated from a transgenic non-human animal described herein, the cell comprising an expression cassette for the expression of a desired proteinaceous molecule in cells during a certain stage of development in cells developing into mature B cells. A cell described herein, preferably an antibody-producing B-cell or a cell that is capable of differentiating or maturating into an antibody-producing B-cell, can be used for in vitro production of antibodies, as is known to the skilled person, for example, from Gascan et al. 1991, J. Exp. Med. 173:747-750. Methods for immortalization of a cell described herein are known in the art and include the generation of hybridomas, for example, by fusion with a myeloma cell, transformation with Epstein Barr Virus; expression of the signal transducer of activation and transcription (STAT), activation via CD40 and IL4 receptor signaling, and/or expression of Bc16 (Shvarts et al. 2002, Genes Dev. 16: 681-686).

[0070] In a separate step, the mouse endogenous Kappa and Lambda light chain loci are rendered essentially non-functional such that at least the majority of B cells in the transgenic mice bear Ig receptors that contain the transgenic human VL region. Inactivation of the endogenous mouse immunoglobulin loci is achieved by targeted disruption of the appropriate loci by homologous recombination in mouse embryonic stem cells. The targeted disruption comprises alteration of the genomic sequence such that substantially no functional endogenous mouse immunoglobulin Kappa and/or Lambda light chain is produced. The term "substantially no functional endogenous mouse immunoglobulin" indicates that the endogenous Kappa and/or Lambda light chain loci are functionally silenced such that the level of functional protein expression of the endogenous Kappa and/or Lambda light chain loci, preferably the endogenous Kappa light chain locus, is reduced to about 20% of the level of expression in a reference mouse, more preferred to about 10%, more preferred to about 5%, more preferred to about 2% and more preferred to about 1%. In a most preferred embodiment, the level of functional protein expression of the endogenous Kappa and/or Lambda light chain loci is reduced to 0%. The level of functional protein expression can be determined by means known to the skilled person, including western blotting and pairing with a mouse heavy chain. The reference mouse is a mouse in which the endogenous Kappa and/or Lambda light chain loci is not disrupted. The alteration comprises mutation and/or deletion of gene sequences that are required for functional expression of the endogenous immunoglobulin genes. Alternatively, the alteration comprises insertion of a nucleic acid into the endogenous mouse immunoglobulin Kappa and/or Lambda light chain loci such that the functional expression of the endogenous immunoglobulin genes is reduced. In one embodiment, the nucleic acid comprises a silencing element resulting in transcriptional silencing of the endogenous immunoglobulin gene. In a further embodiment, or in addition, the nucleic acid comprises a sequence that disrupts splicing and/or translation of the endogenous immunoglobulin gene, for example, by introducing an exon that renders a frame shift in the coding sequence, or that comprises a premature stop codon. In each case chimeric animals are generated which are derived in part from the modified embryonic stem cells and are capable of transmitting the genetic modifications through the germ line. The mating of mouse strains with human immunoglobulin loci to strains with inactivated mouse loci yields animals which produce antibodies comprising essentially only human light chains.

[0071] A construct for homologous recombination is prepared by means known in the art and any undesirable sequences are removed, e.g., procaryotic sequences. Any convenient technique for introducing a construct for homologous recombination into a target cell may be employed. These techniques include spheroplast fusion, lipofection, electroporation, calcium phosphate-mediated DNA transfer or direct microinjection. After transformation or transfection of the target cells, target cells are selected by means of positive and/or negative markers, for example, by neomycin resistance and/or acyclovir and/or gancyclovir resistance. Those cells which show the desired phenotype may then be further analyzed by restriction analysis, electrophoresis, Southern analysis, PCR, or the like. By identifying fragments which show the presence of the lesion(s) at the target locus, cells in which homologous recombination has occurred to inactivate a copy of the target locus are identified.

[0072] Furthermore, it is shown that upon immunization, the murine and human VH regions in the afore-mentioned transgenic mice but not the VL regions are capable of undergoing somatic hypermutations to generate high affinity antibodies. Advantageously, these antibodies encoded by germline VL regions are predicted to contribute to lower immunogenicity when applied in humans and result in more stable antibodies that are less prone to aggregation and thus safer for therapeutic use in humans.

[0073] MAbs derived from the afore-mentioned non-human transgenic animals or cells all share the same identical human VL regions. It has been described that mAbs that share the same identical VL region may be co-expressed in a single clonal cell for the production of mixtures of recombinant antibodies with functional binding sites (see the incorpoarated WO04106375 and WO05068622). Thus, provided is a platform for the generation of specific and high affinity mAbs that constitute the basis for mixtures of mAbs produced by clonal cells.

[0074] It is preferred that mAbs derived from the afore-mentioned non-human transgenic animals or cells are directed against cellular targets. Preferred targets are human surface-expressed or soluble proteins or carbohydrate molecules. Further preferred targets are surface-expressed proteins or carbohydrate molecules that are expressed on the surface of bacteria, viruses, and other pathogens, especially of humans.

[0075] More specifically, preferred targets include cytokines and chemokines, including but not limited to InterLeukin 1beta (IL1beta), IL2, IL4, IL5, IL7, IL8, IL12, IL13, IL15, IL18, IL21, IL23 and chemokines such as, for example, CXC chemokines, CC chemokines, C chemokines (or y chemokines) such as XCL1 (lymphotactin-a) and XCL2 (lymphotactin-B), and CX3C chemokines. Further included as preferred targets are receptor molecules of the cytokines and chemokines, including type I cytokine receptors such as, for example, the IL-2 receptor, type II cytokine receptors such as, for example, interferon receptors, immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily receptors, tumor necrosis factor receptor family including receptors for CD40, CD27 and CD30, serine/threonine-protein kinase receptors such as TGF beta receptors, G-protein coupled receptors such as CXCR1-CXCR7, and tyrosine kinase receptors such as fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) family members, EGF receptor family members including erbB1 (EGF-R; HER1), erbB2, (HER2), erbB3 (HER3), and erbB4 (HER4), insulin receptor family members including IGF-R1 and IGF-RII, PDGF receptor family members, Hepatocyte growth factor receptor family members including c-Met (HGF-R), Trk receptor family members, AXL receptor family members, LTK receptor family members, TIE receptor family members, ROR receptor family members, DDR receptor family members, KLG receptor family members, RYK receptor family members, MuSK receptor family members, and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) family members.

[0076] Further preferred targets are targets that are over-expressed or selectively expressed in tumors such as, for example, VEGF, CD20, CD38, CD33, CEA, EpCAM, PSMA, CD54, Lewis Y, CD52, CD40, CD22, CD51/CD61, CD74, MUC-1, CD38, CD19, CD262 (TRAIL-R2), RANKL, CTLA4, and CD30; targets that are involved in chronic inflammation such as, for example, CD25, CD11a, TNF, CD4, CD80, CD23, CD3, CD14, IFNgamma, CD40L, CD50, CD122, TGFbeta and TGFalpha.

[0077] Preferred surface-expressed proteins or carbohydrate molecules that are expressed on the surface of bacteria, viruses, and other parasitic pathogens, especially of humans, include surface markers of influenza A and B viruses such as hemagglutinin (HA) and neuraminidase (NA), filoviruses such as Ebola virus, rabies, measles, rubella, mumps, flaviviruses such as Dengue virus types 1-4, tick-borne encephalitis virus, West Nile virus, Japanese encephalitis virus, and Yellow fever virus, Paramyxoviruses including Paramyxovirus such as Parainfluenza 1, 3, Rubulavirus such as Mumpsvirus and Parainfluenza 2, 4, Morbillivirus, and Pneumovirus such as Respiratory syncytial virus, Vaccinia, small pox, coronaviruses, including Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) virus, hepatitis virus A, B and C, Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Herpes viruses, including cytomegalovirus, Epstein Barr virus, Herpes simplex virus, and Varicella zoster virus, parvoviruses such as, for example, B19; Legionella pneumophila; Listeria monocytogenes; Campylobacter jejuni; Staphylococcus aureus; E. coli O157:H7; Borrelia burgdorferi; Helicobacter pylori; Ehrlichia chaffeensis; Clostridium difficile; Vibrio cholera; Salmonella enterica Serotype Typhimurium; Bartonella henselae; Streptococcus pyogenes (Group A Strep); Streptococcus agalactiae (Group B Strep); Multiple drug resistant S. aureus (e.g., MRSA); Chlamydia pneumoniae; Clostridium botulinum; Vibrio vulnificus; Parachlamydia pneumonia; Corynebacterium amycolatum; Klebsiella pneumonia; Linezolid-resistant enterococci (E. faecalis and E. faecium); and Multiple drug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii.

[0078] Most preferred targets are IL-6 and its receptor, IL-6Ralpha, glycoprotein-denominated gp130, RSV, especially the surface proteins F, G and SH and non-structural proteins such as N and M, and receptor tyrosine kinases, in particular erbB1 (EGF-R; HER1), erbB2, (HER2), erbB3 (HER3), erbB4 (HER4), IGF-R1 and IGF-RII, c-Met (HGF-R).

[0079] Therefore, provided is a platform for the generation of specific and high affinity mAbs against the above mentioned targets that constitute the basis for mixtures of mAbs produced by clonal cells. In certain embodiments, the specific and high affinity mAbs comprise mAbs that are directed against different epitopes on at least one of the targets. In a further preferred embodiment, the specific and high affinity mAbs comprise mAbs that are directed against different targets, such as, for example, one or more members of the EGF-receptor family, including erbB1 (EGF-R; HER1), erbB2, (HER2), erbB3 (HER3) and erbB4 (HER4).

[0080] Unless otherwise defined, scientific and technical terms used in connection with the present invention shall have the meanings that are commonly understood by those of ordinary skill in the art. Further, unless otherwise required by context, singular terms shall include pluralities and plural terms shall include the singular. Generally, nomenclatures utilized in connection with, and techniques of, cell and tissue culture, molecular biology, and protein and oligo- or polynucleotide chemistry and hybridization described herein are those well known and commonly used in the art. Standard techniques are used for recombinant DNA, oligonucleotide synthesis, and tissue culture and transformation (e.g., electroporation, lipofection). Enzymatic reactions and purification techniques are performed according to manufacturer's specifications or as commonly accomplished in the art or as described herein. The foregoing techniques and procedures are generally performed according to conventional methods well known in the art and as described in various general and more specific references that are cited and discussed throughout the present specification. See, e.g., Sambrook et al., Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual (3rd edition, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y. (2001)), which is incorporated herein by reference. The nomenclatures utilized in connection with, and the laboratory procedures and techniques of, analytical chemistry, synthetic organic chemistry, and medicinal and pharmaceutical chemistry described herein are those well known and commonly used in the art. Standard techniques are used for chemical syntheses, chemical analyses, pharmaceutical preparation, formulation, and delivery, and treatment of patients.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0081] The patent or application file contains at least one drawing executed in color. Copies of this patent or patent application publication with color drawing(s) will be provided by the Office upon request and payment of the necessary fee.

[0082] FIG. 1: A topology map of the annealing locations of mouse specific VH primers and the position of required restriction sites that are introduced by overhanging sequences at the 3' end of primers.

[0083] FIG. 2: PCR amplification steps (Amplification, Intermediate and Site introduction). The location and names of the mouse VH amplification primers (and mixtures of primers) are indicated per step.

[0084] FIG. 3: Topology of the MV1043 vector. This vector is used for the cloning of human or murine VH fragments. O12 (IGKV1-39) is indicated as the VL gene. Products of this vector in combination with helper phages in E. coli cells allow the generation of phages that display Fab fragments on the surface of the phage particles as a fusion product to the g3 protein and presence of the vector in the phage as the genetic content (F1 ORI).

[0085] FIG. 4: The topology of the mouse Ckappa locus downstream of the J-segments. Both enhancers and Ckappa region are indicated. The lower arrow indicates the region that is removed in order to silence the locus.

[0086] FIG. 5: The topology of the mouse C-lambda locus. All three active V-regions are indicated (Igl-V1, V2 and V3) as are the J-segments (Igl-J1, Igl-J2, Igl-J3, Igl-J4 and the pseudo segment Igl-J3p) and constant regions (Igl-C1, Igl-C2, Igl-C3 and Igl-C4). The regions that are deleted in order to silence the locus are indicated by deletion markers. These deletions include all active V genes (1, 2 and 3) and the intergenic segment between V2 and V3.

[0087] FIG. 6: Construct topology of IGKV1-39/J-Ck with an intron located in the leader open reading frame (ORF).

[0088] FIG. 7: Construct topology of IGLV2-14/J-Ck with an intron located in the leader open reading frame (ORF).

[0089] FIG. 8: Construct topology of VkP-IGKV1-39/J-Ck (VkP-O12). The promoter originates from the IGKV1-39 gene and is placed directly in front of the required elements for efficient transcription and translation. Intergenic sequences (including the enhancers) are derived from mice and obtained from BAC clones. The C-kappa sequence codes for the kappa constant region of rat.

[0090] FIG. 9: Construct topology of VkP-IGLV2-14/J-Ck (VkP-2a2). The promoter originates from the IGKV1-39 gene and is placed directly in front of the required elements for efficient transcription and translation. Intergenic sequences (including the enhancers) are derived from mice and obtained from BAC clones. The C-kappa sequence codes for the kappa constant region of rat.

[0091] FIG. 10: Construct topology of VkP-IGKV1-39/J-Ck-A1 (VkP-O12-del1) is identical to VkP-IGKV1-39/J-Ck from FIG. 9 except that the intron enhancer region is removed.

[0092] FIG. 11: Construct topology of VkP-IGKV1-39/J-Ck-A2 VkP-O12-de12) is identical to VkP-IGKV1-39/J-Ck-A1 from FIG. 10 except that a large piece of the intergenic region between the Ck gene and 3' enhancer is deleted. In addition, the 3' enhancer is reduced in size from 809 bp to 125 bp.

[0093] FIG. 12: Overview of the sequences used or referred to in this application: Human germline IGKV1-39/J DNA (SEQ ID NO:84); human germline IGKV1-39/J Protein (SEQ ID NO:85); human germline IGLV2-14/J DNA (SEQ ID NO:86); human germline IGLV2-14/J Protein (SEQ ID NO:87); Rat IGCK allele a DNA (SEQ ID NO:88); Rat IGCK allele a protein (SEQ ID NO:89); IGKV1-39/J-Ck (SEQ ID NO:90); IGLV2-14/J-Ck (SEQ ID NO:91); VkP-IGKV1-39/J-Ck (SEQ ID NO:92); VkP-IGKV1-39/J-Ck-A1 (SEQ ID NO:93); VkP-IGKV1-39/J-Ck-A2 (SEQ ID NO:94); VkP-IGLV2-14/J-Ck (SEQ ID NO:95); pSELECT-IGKV1-39/J-Ck (SEQ ID NO:96); pSelect-IGLV2-14/J-Ck (SEQ ID NO:97); MV1043 (SEQ ID NO:98); and MV1057 (SEQ ID NO:99).

[0094] FIGS. 13A-C: Generation of Rosa26-IgVk1-39 KI allele. FIG. 13A Schematic drawing of the pCAGGS-IgVK1-39 targeting vector. FIG. 13B Nucleotide sequence of the pCAGGS-IgVK1-39 targeting vector (SEQ ID NO:100). FIG. 13C Targeting strategy.

[0095] FIGS. 14A-C: FIG. 14A Southern blot analysis of genomic DNA of ES clones comprising an insertion of the pCAGGS-IgVK1-39 targeting vector. Genomic DNA of four independent clones was digested with AseI and probed with 5e1 indicating the 5'-border of the targeting vector. All clones comprise a correct insertion of the targeting vector at the 5' end.

[0096] FIG. 14B Southern blot analysis of genomic DNA of ES clones comprising an insertion of the pCAGGS-IgVK1-39 targeting vector. Genomic DNA of four independent clones was digested with MscI and probed with 3e1 indicating the 3'-border of the targeting vector. All clones comprise a correct insertion of the targeting vector at the 3' end. FIG. 14C Southern blot analysis of genomic DNA of ES clones comprising an insertion of the pCAGGS-IgVK1-39 targeting vector. Genomic DNA of four independent clones was digested with BamHI and probed with an internal Neo probe indicating the 5'-border of the targeting vector. All clones comprise a correct, single insertion of the targeting vector.

[0097] FIGS. 15A-C: Generation of Rosa26-IgV12-14 KI allele. FIG. 15A Schematic drawing of the pCAGGS-IgVL2-14 targeting vector. FIG. 15B Nucleotide sequence of the pCAGGS-IgVL2-14 targeting vector containing the CAGGS expression insert (SEQ ID NO:101) based on the rearranged germline IGLV2-14/J V lambda region (IGLV2-14/J-Ck). FIG. 15C Targeting strategy.

[0098] FIGS. 16A-C: Epibase.RTM. profile of IGKV1-39 residues 1-107 (SEQ ID NO:85).

[0099] FIG. 16A displays the binding strength for DRB1 allotypes, while FIG. 16C displays the binding strength for DRB3/4/5, DQ and DP allotypes. The values in the figure represent dissociation constants (Kds) and are plotted on a logarithmic scale in the range 0.01 .mu.M-0.1 .mu.M (very strong binders may have run off the plot). For medium binding peptides, qualitative values are given only, and weak and non-binders are not shown. Values are plotted on the first residue of the peptide in the target sequence (the peptide itself extends by another nine residues). Importantly, only the strongest binding receptor for each peptide is shown: cross-reacting allotypes with lower affinity are not visible in this plot. The strongest binding receptor is indicated by its serotypic name. Finally, any germline-filtered peptides are plotted with a lighter color in the epitope map (in this case, no non-self epitopes were found). FIG. 16B shows the HLA binding promiscuity for every decameric peptide (Y-axis: the number of HLA allotypes recognizing critical epitopes in each of the peptides starting at the indicated residue shown on the X-axis). The promiscuity is measured as the number of allotypes out of the total of 47 for which the peptide is a critical binder. White columns refer to self-peptides, and black columns (absent here) to non-self peptides.

[0100] FIG. 17: Epitope map of IGKV1-39 showing the presence of peptide binders predicted in the sequence of IGKV1-39 by serotype in the 15-mer format. Each 15-mer is numbered as indicated in the top of the figure. The full sequence of the corresponding 15-mer is listed in Table 7. Black boxes indicate the presence of one or more critical self-epitopes in the 15-mer for the serotype listed on the left. Critical epitopes are operationally defined as strong or medium DRB1 binders and strong DRB3/4/5 or DP or DQ binders.

[0101] FIGS. 18A-B: Constitutive knock-out (KO) of the Ig kappa locus. FIG. 18A Targeting strategy. FIG. 18B Schematic drawing of the pIgKappa targeting vector.

[0102] FIGS. 19A-B: Constitutive KO of the Ig lambda locus. FIG. 19A First step of the targeting strategy. FIG. 19B Second step of the targeting strategy.

[0103] FIGS. 20A-C: Schematic drawing of targeting vectors. FIG. 20A pVkP-O12 (VkP-IGKV1-39/J-Ck); FIG. 20B pVkP-O12-del1 (VkP-IGKV1-39/J-Ck-A1); FIG. 20C pVkP-O12-de12 (VkP-IGKV1-39/J-Ck-A2).

[0104] FIGS. 21A-C: Targeting strategies for insertion of transgene into the Rosa26 locus by targeted transgenesis using RMCE. FIG. 21A VkP-O12 (VkP-IGKV1-39/J-Ck); FIG. 21B VkP-O12-del1 (VkP-IGKV1-39/J-Ck-A1); FIG. 21C VkP-O12-de12 (VkP-IGKV1-39/J-Ck-A2).

[0105] FIG. 22: Topology of the MV1057 vector. Replacing the indicated stuffer fragment with a VH fragment yields an expression vector that can be transfected to eukaryotic cells for the production of IgG1 antibodies with light chains containing an O12 (IGKV1-39) VL gene.

[0106] FIG. 23: Lack of transgenic human Vk1 light chain expression in non-B cell populations of the spleen.

[0107] FIG. 24: Transgenic human Vk1 light chain is expressed in all B cell populations of the spleen.

[0108] FIG. 25: Transgenic human Vk1 light chain is expressed in B1 cells of the peritoneal cavity.

[0109] FIGS. 26A-B: Transgenic human Vk1 light chain is not expressed in pro- and pre-B cells but in the immature and recirculating populations B cells in the bone marrow. FIG. 26A Gating of bone marrow cells. FIG. 26B Histograms of transgene expression with overlay from one WT control.

[0110] FIG. 27: Transgenic human Vk1 light chain is directly correlated with endogenous light chain and IgM expression in circulating B cells in the blood.

[0111] FIG. 28: Parameters of stability for stable clones containing the germline IGKV1-39 gene.

[0112] FIG. 29A-B: Antibody mixtures used for staining of lymphocyte populations. BM=bone marrow, PC=peritoneal cavity, PP=Peyer's patches.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Examples

Example 1: Human Light Chain V-Gene Clones

[0113] This example describes the rationale behind the choice of two human light chain V-genes, one gene of the kappa type and one gene of the lambda type, that are used as a proof of concept for light chain expressing transgenic mice. De Wildt et al. 1999 (de Wildt et al. (1999), J. Mol. Biol. 285(3):895) analyzed the expression of human light chains in peripheral IgG-positive B-cells. Based on these data, IGKV1-39 (O12) and IGLV2-14 (2a2) were chosen as light chains as they were well represented in the B-cell repertoire. The J-segment sequence of the light chains has been chosen based upon sequences as presented in GenBank ABA26122 for IGKV1-39 (B. J. Rabquer, S. L. Smithson, A. K. Shriner and M. A. J. Westerink) and GenBank AAF20450 for IGLV2-14 (O. Ignatovich, I. M. Tomlinson, A. V. Popov, M. Bruggemann and G. J. Winter, J. Mol. Biol. 294 (2):457-465 (1999)).

[0114] All framework segments are converted into germline amino acid sequences to provide the lowest immunogenicity possible in potential clinical applications.

Example 2: Obtaining Mouse Heavy Chain V-Genes that Pair with Human IGKV1-39 Gene Segment to Form Functional Antibody Binding Sites

[0115] This example describes the identification of mouse heavy chain V-genes that are capable of pairing with a single, rearranged human germline IGKV1-39/J region. A spleen VH repertoire from mice that were immunized with tetanus toxoid was cloned in a phage display Fab vector with a single human IGKV1-39-C kappa light chain and subjected to panning against tetanus toxoid. Clones obtained after a single round of panning were analyzed for their binding specificity. The murine VH genes encoding tetanus toxoid-specific Fab fragments were subjected to sequence analysis to identify unique clones and assign VH, DH and JH utilization.

[0116] Many of the protocols described here are standard protocols for the construction of phage display libraries and the panning of phages for binding to an antigen of interest and described in Antibody Phage Display: Methods and Protocols (editor(s): Philippa M. O'Brien and Robert Aitken).

Immunizations

[0117] BALB/c mice received one immunization with tetanus toxoid and were boosted after six weeks with tetanus toxoid.

Splenocyte Isolation

[0118] Preparation of spleen cell suspension. After dissection, the spleen was washed with PBS and transferred to a 60 mm Petri dish with 20 ml PBS. A syringe capped with 20 ml PBS and a G20 needle was used to repeatedly flush the spleen. After washing the flushed cells with PBS, the cells were carefully brought into suspension using 20 ml PBS and left on a bench for five minutes to separate the splenocytes from the debris and cell clusters. The splenocytes suspension was transferred on top of a Ficoll-Paque.TM. PLUS-filled tube and processed according to the manufacturer's procedures for lymphocyte isolation (Amersham Biosciences).

RNA Isolation and cDNA Synthesis

[0119] After isolation and pelleting of lymphocytes, the cells were suspended in TRIzol LS Reagent (Invitrogen) for the isolation of total RNA according to the accompanying manufacturer's protocol and subjected to reverse transcription reaction using 1 microgram of RNA, Superscript III RT in combination with dT20 according to manufacturer's procedures (Invitrogen).

PCR Amplification of cDNA

[0120] The cDNA was amplified in a PCR reaction using primer combinations that allow the amplification of approximately 110 different murine V-genes belonging to 15 VH families (Table 1; RefSeq NG 005838; Thiebe et al. 1999, European Journal of Immunology 29:2072-2081). In the first round, primer combinations that bind to the 5' end of the V-genes and 3' end of the J regions were used. In the second round, PCR products that were generated with the MJH-Rev2 primer were amplified in order to introduce modifications in the 3' region to enable efficient cloning of the products. In the last round of amplification, all PCR products were amplified using primers that introduce a SfiI restriction site at the 5' end and a BstEII restriction site at the 3' end (see FIGS. 1 and 2, and Table 1).

[0121] Reaction conditions for 1st round PCR: four different reactions combining all 25 forward primers (MVH1 to MVH25, Table 1 and FIG. 2) and one reverse primer per reaction (MJH-Rev1, MJH-Rev2, MJH-Rev3 or MJH-Rev4; see Table 1 and FIG. 2). Fifty microliters PCR volumes were composed of 2 microliters cDNA (from RT reactions), 10 microliters 5* Phusion polymerase HF buffer, 40 nM of each of the 25 forward primers (total concentration of 1 micromolar), 1 micromolar reverse primer, 1 microliter 10 mM dNTP stock, 1.25 unit Phusion polymerase and sterile MQ water. The thermocycler program consisted of a touch down program: one cycle 98.degree. C. for 30 seconds, 30 cycles 98.degree. C. for ten seconds, 58.degree. C. decreasing 0.2.degree. C. per cycle ten seconds, 72.degree. C. 20 seconds and one cycle 72.degree. C. for three minutes. The second round PCR program was set up only for the products of the first PCR that contain the MJH-Rev2 primer: two different reactions combining either the ExtMVH-1 or ExtMVH-2 primers (Table 1 and FIG. 2) in combination with the reverse primer ExtMJH-Rev2int (Table 1 and FIG. 2). Fifty microliters PCR volumes were composed of 50 ng PCR product (from first PCR round), 10 microliters 5* Phusion polymerase HF buffer, 500 nM of each forward primer, 1 micromolar reverse primer, 1 microliter 10 mM dNTP stock, 1.25 unit Phusion polymerase and sterile MQ water. The thermocycler program consisted of a touch down program followed by a regular amplification step: one cycle 98.degree. C. for 30 seconds, ten cycles 98.degree. C. for ten seconds, 65.degree. C. decreasing 1.5.degree. C. per cycle ten seconds, 72.degree. C. 20 seconds, ten cycles 98.degree. C. for ten seconds, 55.degree. C. ten seconds, 72.degree. C. 20 seconds and one cycle 72.degree. C. for three minutes. The third round PCR program was setup as described in FIG. 2. Fifty microliters PCR volumes were composed of 50 ng PCR product (from earlier PCR rounds, FIG. 2), 10 microliters 5* Phusion polymerase HF buffer, 1 micromolar forward primer (Table 1 and FIG. 2), 1 micromolar reverse primer, 1 microliter 10 mM dNTP stock, 1.25 unit Phusion polymerase and sterile MQ water. The program consists of a touch down program followed by a regular amplification step: one cycle 98.degree. C. for 30 seconds, ten cycles 98.degree. C. for ten seconds, 65.degree. C. decreasing 1.5.degree. C. per cycle ten seconds, 72.degree. C. 20 seconds, ten cycles 98.degree. C. for ten seconds, 55.degree. C. ten seconds, 72.degree. C. 20 seconds and one cycle 72.degree. C. for three minutes. After PCR amplifications, all PCR products were gel purified using Qiaex II according to the manufacturer's protocols.

Restriction Enzyme Digestions

[0122] Purified products were digested with BstEII and SfiI in two steps. First 1 microgram of DNA was digested in 100 microliters reactions consisting of 10 microliters of 10* NEB buffer 3 (New England Biolabs), 1 microliter 100* BSA, 12.5 unit BstEII and sterile water for six hours at 60.degree. C. in a stove. The products were purified using Qiaquick PCR Purification kit from Qiagen according to the manual instructions and eluted in 40 microliters water. Next all products were further digested with SfiI in 100 microliters reactions consisting of 10 microliters of 10* NEB buffer 2 (New England Biolabs), 1 microliter 100* BSA, 12.5 unit SfiI and sterile water for 12 hours at 50.degree. C. in a stove. The digested fragments were purified by Qiaquick Gel Extraction kit following gel separation on a 20 cm 1.5% agarose TBE plus ethidium bromide gel at 80 V. 100 micrograms of the acceptor vector (MV1043, FIGS. 3 and 12) was digested with 50 units Eco91I in 600 microliters under standard conditions (Tango buffer) and next purified on a 0.9% agarose gel. After a second digestion step under prescribed conditions with 400 units SfiI in 500 microliters for 12 hours, 100 units BsrGI were added for three hours at 50.degree. C.

Ligations

[0123] Each PCR product was ligated separately according to the following scheme: 70 ng digested PCR products, 300 ng digested acceptor vector, 100 units T4 Ligase (NEB), 1* ligase buffer in 30 microliters for 16 hours at 12.degree. C. The ligation reactions were purified with phenol/chloroform/isoamyl alcohol extractions followed by glycogen precipitations (Sigma Aldrich #G1767) according to the manufacturer's protocol and finally dissolved in 25 microliters sterile water.

Transformations and Library Storage

[0124] The purified ligation products were transformed by electroporation using 1200 microliters TG1 electrocompetent bacteria (Stratagene #200123) per ligation batch and plated on LB carbenicillin plates containing 4% glucose. Libraries were harvested by scraping the bacteria in 50 ml LB carbenicillin. After centrifugation at 2000 g for 20 minutes at 4.degree. C., the bacterial pellets were resuspended carefully in 2 ml ice cold 2*TY/30% glycerol on ice water and frozen on dry ice/ethanol before storage at -80.degree. C.

Library Amplification

[0125] Libraries were grown and harvested according to procedures as described by Kramer et al. 2003 (Kramer et al. (2003), Nucleic Acids Res. 31(11):e59) using VCSM13 (Stratagene) as helper phage strain.

Selection of Phages on Coated Immunotubes

[0126] Tetanus toxoid was dissolved in PBS in a concentration of 2 .mu.g/ml and coated to MAXISORP.TM. Nunc-Immuno Tube (Nunc 444474) overnight at 4.degree. C. After discarding the coating solution, the tubes were blocked with 2% skim milk (ELK) in PBS (blocking buffer) for one hour at RT. In parallel, 0.5 ml of the phage library was mixed with 1 ml blocking buffer and incubated for 20 minutes at room temperature. After blocking the phages, the phage solution was added to the tetanus toxoid-coated tubes and incubated for two hours at RT on a slowly rotating platform to allow binding. Next, the tubes were washed ten times with PBS/0.05% TWEEN'-20 detergent followed by phage elution by an incubation with 1 ml 50 mM glycine-HCl pH 2.2 ten minutes at RT on rotating wheel and directly followed by neutralization of the harvested eluent with 0.5 ml 1 M Tris-HCl pH 7.5.

Harvesting Phage Clones

[0127] Five ml XL1-Blue MRF (Stratagene) culture at O.D. 0.4 was added to the harvested phage solution and incubated for 30 minutes at 37.degree. C. without shaking to allow infection of the phages. Bacteria were plated on Carbenicillin/Tetracycline 4% glucose 2*TY plates and grown overnight at 37.degree. C.

Phage Production

[0128] Phages were grown and processed as described by Kramer et al. 2003 (Kramer et al. 2003, Nucleic Acids Res. 31(11):e59) using VCSM13 as helper phage strain.

Phage ELISA

[0129] ELISA plates were coated with 100 microliters tetanus toxoid per well at a concentration of 2 micrograms/ml in PBS overnight at 4.degree. C. Plates coated with 100 microliters thyroglobulin at a concentration of 2 micrograms/ml in PBS were used as a negative control. Wells were emptied, dried by tapping on a paper towel, filled completely with PBS-4% skimmed milk (ELK) and incubated for one hour at room temperature to block the wells. After discarding the block solution, phage minipreps pre-mixed with 50 .mu.l blocking solution were added and incubated for one hour at RT. Next five washing steps with PBS-0.05% Tween-20 removed unbound phages. Bound phages were detected by incubating the wells with 100 microliters anti-M13-HRP antibody conjugate (diluted 1/5000 in blocking buffer) for one hour at room temperature. Free antibody was removed by repeating the washing steps as described above, followed by TMB substrate incubation until color development was visible. The reaction was stopped by adding 100 microliters of 2 M H.sub.2SO.sub.4 per well and analyzed on an ELISA reader at 450 nm emission wavelength (Table 2). Higher numbers indicate stronger signals and thus higher incidence of specific binding of the phage-Fab complex.

Sequencing

[0130] Clones that gave signals at least three times above the background signal (Table 2) were propagated, used for DNA miniprep procedures (see procedures Qiagen miniPrep manual) and subjected to nucleotide sequence analysis. Sequencing was performed according to the Big Dye 1.1 kit accompanying manual (Applied Biosystems) using a reverse primer (CH1_Rev1, Table 1) recognizing a 5' sequence of the CH1 region of the human IgG1 heavy chain (present in the Fab display vector MV1043, FIGS. 3 and 12). Mouse VH sequences of 28 tetanus toxoid binding clones are depicted in Table 3. The results show that the selected murine VH genes belong to different gene families, and different individual members from these gene families are able to pair with the rearranged human IGKV1-39/J VH region to form functional tetanus toxoid-specific antibody binding sites. From the sequence analyses, it was concluded that the murine VH regions utilize a diversity of DH and JH gene segments.

Example 3: Silencing of the Mouse Kappa Light Chain Locus

[0131] This example describes the silencing of the mouse endogenous kappa light chain locus. The endogenous kappa locus is modified by homologous recombination in ES cells, followed by the introduction of genetically modified ES cells in mouse embryos to obtain genetically adapted offspring.

[0132] A vector that contains an assembled nucleotide sequence consisting of a part comprising the J-region to 338 bp downstream of the J5 gene segment fused to a sequence ending 3' of the 3' CK enhancer is used for homologous recombination in ES cells. The assembled sequence is used to delete a genomic DNA fragment spanning from 3' of the JK region to just 3' of the 3' CK enhancer. As a consequence of this procedure, the CK constant gene, the 3' enhancer and some intergenic regions are removed (see FIGS. 4 and 18A-B).

Construction of the Targeting Vector

[0133] A vector that received 4.5-8 kb flanking arms on the 3' and 5' end fused to the deletion segment was used for targeted homologous recombination in an ES cell line. Both arms were obtained by PCR means ensuring maximum homology. The targeting strategy allows generation of constitutive KO allele. The mouse genomic sequence encompassing the Igk intronic enhancer, Igk constant region and the Igk 3' enhancer was replaced with a PuroR cassette, which was flanked by F3 sites and inserted downstream of the Jk elements. Flp-mediated removal of the selection marker resulted in a constitutive KO allele. The replacement of the Igk MiEk-Igk C-Igk 3'E genomic region (approximately 10 kb) with a F3-Puro cassette (approx. 3 kb) was likely to decrease the efficiency of homologous recombination. Therefore, the arms of homology were extended accordingly and more ES cell colonies were analyzed after transfection in order to identify homologous recombinant clones.

Generation of ES Cells Bearing the Deleted Kappa Fragment

[0134] The generation of genetically modified ES cells was essentially performed as described (Seibler et al. (2003), Nucleic Acids Res. February 15; 31(4):e12). See also Example 14 for a detailed description.

Generation of ES Mice by Tetraploid Embryo Complementation

[0135] The production of mice by tetraploid embryo complementation using genetically modified ES cells was essentially performed as described (Eggan et al., PNAS 98:6209-6214; J. Seibler et al. (2003), Nucleic Acids Res. February 15; 31(4):e12; Hogan et al. (1994), Summary of mouse development, Manipulating the Mouse Embryo, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor N.Y., pp. 253-289).

Example 4: Silencing of the Mouse Lambda Light Chain Locus

[0136] This example describes the silencing of the mouse endogenous lambda light chain locus. The endogenous lambda locus is modified by homologous recombination in ES cells followed by the introduction of genetically modified ES cells in mouse embryos to obtain genetically adapted offspring.

[0137] Two regions of the murine lambda locus that together contain all functional lambda V regions are subject to deletion.

[0138] The first region targeted for homologous recombination-based deletion is a region that is located 408 bp upstream of the start site of the IGLV2 gene segment and ends 215 bp downstream of IGLV3 gene segment, including the intergenic sequence stretch between these IGLV gene segments. The second region that is subject to a deletion involves the IGLV1 gene segment consisting of a fragment spanning from 392 bp upstream to 171 bp downstream of the IGLV1 gene segment. As a consequence of these two deletion steps, all functional V-lambda genes segments are deleted, rendering the locus functionally inactive (FIGS. 5 and 19A-B).

Construction of the Targeting Vectors

[0139] Vectors that received 3-9.6 kb flanking arms on the 3' and 5' end fused to the deletion segment were used for targeted homologous recombination in an ES cell line. Both arms were obtained by PCR means ensuring maximum homology. In a first step, the mouse genomic sequence encompassing the Igl V2-V3 regions were replaced with a PuroR cassette flanked by F3 sites, which yields a constitutive KO allele after Flp-mediated removal of selection marker (see FIG. 19A). In a second step, the mouse genomic sequence encompassing the Igl V1 region was replaced with a Neo cassette in ES cell clones which already carried a deletion of the Igl V2-V3 regions (see FIG. 19B). The selection marker (NeoR) was flanked by FRT sites. A constitutive KO allele was obtained after Flp-mediated removal of selection markers.

Generation of ES Cells Bearing the Deleted Lambda Fragment

[0140] The generation of genetically modified ES cells was essentially performed as described (J. Seibler, B. Zevnik, B. KUter-Luks, S. Andreas, H. Kern, T. Hennek, A. Rode, C. Heimann, N. Faust, G. Kauselmann, M. Schoor, R. Jaenisch, K. Rajewsky, R. Kuhn, F. Schwenk (2003), Nucleic Acids Res., February 15; 31(4):e12). See also, Example 14 for a detailed description. To show that both targeting events occurred on the same chromosome several double targeted clones were selected for the in vitro deletion with pCMV C31deltaCpG. The clones were expanded under antibiotic pressure on a mitotically inactivated feeder layer comprised of mouse embryonic fibroblasts in DMEM High Glucose medium containing 20% FCS (PAN) and 1200.mu./mL Leukemia Inhibitory Factor (Millipore ESG 1107). 1.times.10.sup.7 cells from each clone were electroporated with 20 .mu.g of circular pCMV C31deltaCpG at 240 V and 500 .mu.F and plated on four 10 cm dishes each. Two to three days after electroporation, cells were harvested and analyzed by PCR. Primers used were:

TABLE-US-00001 (SEQ ID NO: 1) 20055: CCCTTTCCAATCTTTATGGG (SEQ ID NO: 2) 20057: AGGTGGATTGGTGTCTTTTTCTC (SEQ ID NO: 3) 20059: GTCATGTCGGCGACCCTACGCC

[0141] PCR reactions were performed in mixtures comprising 5 .mu.l PCR Buffer 10x (Invitrogen), 2 .mu.l MgCl.sub.2 (50 mM), 1 .mu.l dNTPs (10 mM), 1 .mu.l first primer (5 .mu.M), 1 .mu.l second primer (5 .mu.M), 0.4 .mu.l Taq (5 U/ul, Invitrogen), 37.6 .mu.l H.sub.2O, and 2 .mu.l DNA. The program used was 95.degree. C. for five minutes; followed by 35 cycles of 95.degree. C. for 30 seconds; 60.degree. C. for 30 seconds; 72.degree. C. for 1 minute; followed by 72.degree. C. for ten minutes.

Generation of ES Mice by Tetraploid Embryo Complementation

[0142] The production of mice by tetraploid embryo complementation using genetically modified ES cells was essentially performed as described (Eggan et al., PNAS 98:6209-6214; J. Seibler, B. Zevnik, B. Kiiter-Luks, S. Andreas, H. Kern, T. Hennek, A. Rode, C. Heimann, N. Faust, G. Kauselmann, M. Schoor, R. Jaenisch, K. Rajewsky, R. Kuhn, and F. Schwenk (2003), Nucleic Acids Res., February 15; 31(4):e12; Hogan et al. (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor N.Y.), pp. 253-289).

Example 5: Construction of the CAGGS Expression Insert Based on a Rearranged Human Germline IGKV1-39/J-Ck Gene (IGKV1-39/J-Ck)

[0143] This example describes the construction of a CAGGS expression cassette incorporating the rearranged human germline IGKV1-39/J region. This insert expression cassette encompasses cloning sites, a Kozak sequence, a leader sequence containing an intron, an open reading frame of the rearranged IGKV1-39 region, a rat CK constant region from allele a and a translational stop sequence (IGKV1-39/J-Ck; FIG. 6). The primary construct consists of naturally occurring sequences and has been analyzed and optimized by removing undesired cis acting elements like internal TATA-boxes, poly adenylation signals, chi-sites, ribosomal entry sites, AT-rich or GC-rich sequence stretches, ARE-, INS- and CRS sequence elements, repeat sequences, RNA secondary structures, (cryptic) splice donor and acceptor sites and splice branch points (GeneArt GmbH). In addition, the codon usage in the open reading frame regions is optimized for expression in mice. The intron sequence is unchanged and thus represents the sequence identical to the coding part of the human IGKV1-39 leader intron.

[0144] At the 5' end of the expression cassette, a NotI site was introduced and on the 3' site a NheI site. Both sites are used for cloning in the CAGGS expression module. After gene assembly according to methods used by GeneArt, the insert is digested with NotI-NheI and cloned into the expression module containing a CAGGS promoter, a stopper sequence flanked by LoxP sites ("foxed"), a polyadenylation signal sequence and, at the 5' and 3' end, sequences to facilitate homologous recombination into the Rosa26 locus of mouse ES cell lines. Promoter and/or cDNA fragments were amplified by PCR, confirmed by sequencing and/or cloned directly from delivered plasmids into an RMCE exchange vector harboring the indicated features. A schematic drawing and the confirmed sequence of the final targeting vector pCAGGS-IgVK1-39 are shown in FIGS. 13A and 13B. The targeting strategy is depicted in FIG. 13C.

Example 6: CAGGS Expression Insert Based on the Rearranged Germline IGLV2-14/J V Lambda Region (IGLV2-14/J-Ck)

[0145] This example describes the sequence and insertion of an expression cassette incorporating the rearranged germline IGLV2-14/J V lambda region. This insert encompasses cloning sites, a Kozak sequence, a leader sequence containing an intron, an open reading frame of the rearranged IGLV2-14/J region, a rat CK constant region from allele a and a translational stop sequence (IGLV2-14/J-Ck; FIG. 7). The primary construct consists of naturally-occurring sequences and has been analyzed and optimized by removing undesired cis acting elements like: internal TATA-boxes, poly adenylation signals, chi-sites, ribosomal entry sites, AT-rich or GC-rich sequence stretches, ARE-, INS- and CRS sequence elements, repeat sequences, RNA secondary structures, (cryptic) splice donor and acceptor sites and splice branch points (GeneArt GmbH). In addition, the codon usage in the open reading frame regions was optimized for expression in mice. The intron sequence is unchanged and thus represents the sequence identical to the human IGKV1-39 leader intron.

[0146] At the 5' end of the expression cassette, a NotI site was introduced and on the 3' site a NheI site. Both sites are used for cloning in the CAGGS expression module as described by TaconicArtemis. After gene assembly according to methods used by GeneArt, the insert was digested with NotI-NheI and cloned into the expression module containing a CAGGS promoter, a stopper sequence flanked by LoxP sites ("foxed"), a polyadenylation signal sequence and, at the 5' and 3' end, sequences to facilitate homologous recombination into the Rosa26 locus of mouse ES cell lines. To construct the final ROSA26 RMCE targeting vector, promoter and/or cDNA fragments were amplified by PCR. Amplified products were confirmed by sequencing and/or cloned directly from delivered plasmids into an RMCE exchange vector harboring the indicated features. A schematic drawing and the confirmed sequence of the final targeting vector pCAGGS-IgVL2-14 is shown in FIGS. 15A and 15B. The targeting strategy is depicted in FIG. 15C.

Example 7: Expression of IGKV1-39/J-Ck in HEK293 Cell Lines (pSELECT-IGKV1-39/J-Ck)

[0147] This example describes a method to verify that the IGKV1-39/J-Ck constructs described in Example 5 enable expression and detection of the IGKV1-39/J-Ck L chain in HEK293 cells. The IGKV1-39/J insert (FIG. 6) was modified at the 5' end by changing the NotI site into a SalI site. This change is required for cloning of the product into the expression cassette plasmid pSELECT-hygro (InvivoGen). The CAGGS expression insert IGKV1-39/J-Ck and pSELECT-hygro were digested with SalI and NheI, ligated and used to transform competent XL1-Blue cells using standard techniques. Colonies were picked and DNA purified using Qiagen Midi-prep columns according to the manufacturer's procedures. The resulting light chain (LC) expressing vector named 0817676pSELECT 0815426 was used to transfect HEK293 cells with Fugene6 (Roche) according to the manufacturer's protocols. Supernatants were screened for the presence of IGKV1-39/J-Ck light chains by ELISA and western blot using anti-rat-Ck antibodies (Beckton Dickinson #550336 and 553871) and protocols used in the art.

[0148] The VH of anti-tetanus toxoid (TT) IgG MG1494 was cloned into IgG expression vector MV1056 using restriction sites SfiI and BstEII. The resulting clone was sequence verified. HEK293T cells were transfected with five different vector combinations as shown in Table 4 (see Example 8 for details of vector 0817678_pSELECT_0815427). Supernatants were harvested and IgG concentrations determined (see Table 4). No IgG could be detected for supernatants A and B containing light chain only as expected (detection antibody recognized Fc part of IgG). IgG concentration in supernatants C and D was comparable to that of positive control supernatant E, indicating correct expression of the light chain constructs.

[0149] Binding to TT was analyzed by ELISA to check functionality of the produced antibodies, using hemoglobin as negative control antigen. No TT-specific binding could be detected for supernatants A and B containing light chain only, as expected. TT-specific binding for supernatants C and D was at least as good as for positive control supernatant E, confirming correct expression of the light chain constructs and functional assembly with heavy chain. Antibodies were detected not only using an anti-human IgG secondary antibody, but also an anti-rat Ckappa light chain secondary antibody. The results confirm that the anti-rat Ckappa antibody (BD Pharmingen #553871, clone MRK-1) recognizes the light chain expressed by the pSELECT vectors.

[0150] Supernatants were analyzed by non-reducing SDS-PAGE and Western blot (not shown). Detection using an anti-human IgG heavy chain antibody did not show bands for supernatants A and B containing light chain only, as expected. Results for supernatants C and D were comparable to positive control supernatant E, with a band close to the 170 kD marker as expected for intact IgG. Additional lower molecular weight bands were observed as well for supernatants C, D and E, which might represent degradation products, IgG fragments resulting from (partial) reduction and/or irrelevant protein bands due to non-specific binding of the detection antibody.

[0151] Detection using an anti-rat Ckappa light chain antibody showed a band close to the 26 kD marker for supernatants A and B, as expected for light chain only. This band was much more intense for A compared to B, indicating that the free IGKV1-39 light chain may be better expressed and/or more stable than the free IGLV2-14 light chain. No bands were detected for control supernatant E as expected, since the expressed IgG contains a human Ckappa light chain. For supernatants C and D, expected bands close to the 170 kD marker were observed; lower molecular weight bands were also observed, but to a lesser extent than above using the anti-human IgG antibody.

[0152] In conclusion, transfection of the light chain expression constructs combined with the heavy chain of anti-tetanus toxoid (TT) IgG MG1494 resulted in IgG production comparable to the positive control construct for both the pSELECT kappa and lambda light chain constructs. Both IgG productions yielded ELISA signals in a TT ELISA that were better than or comparable to the control IgG. SDS-PAGE and Western blot analysis confirmed the presence of intact IgG. The tested anti-rat Ckappa antibody worked efficiently in both ELISA and Western blot. Culture supernatant from cells transfected with light chain constructs only did not result in detectable IgG production nor in detectable TT-specific binding, while free light chain was detected on Western blot.

Example 8: Expression of IGLV2-14/J-Ck in HEK293 Cell Lines (pSELECT-IGLV2-14/J-Ck)

[0153] This example describes a method to verify that the IGLV2-14/J constructs described in Example 6 enable expression and detection of the IGLV2-14/J-Ck L chain in HEK293 cells. The IGLV2-14/J-Ck insert (FIG. 7) was modified at the 5' end by changing the NotI site into a SalI site. This change is required for cloning of the product into the expression cassette plasmid pSELECT-hygro (InvivoGen). The CAGGS expression insert IGLV2-14/J-Ck and pSELECT-hygro were digested with SalI and NheI ligated and used to transform competent XL1-Blue cells using standard techniques. Colonies were picked and DNA purified using Qiagen Midi-prep columns according to the manufacturer's procedures. The resulting light chain (LC) expressing vector named 0817678pSELECT 0815427 was used to transfect HEK293 cells with Fugene6 (Roche) according to the manufacturer's protocols. Supernatants were screened for the presence of IGLV2-14/J-Ck light chains by ELISA and western blot using anti-rat-Ck antibodies (Becton Dickinson #550336 and 553871) and protocols used in the art. See Example 7 for details and results.

Example 9: Construction of a VK Promoter-Driven Expression Construct Containing an IGKV1-39/J Insert and Multiple Enhancer Elements Derived from the Murine CK Locus (VkP-IGKV1-39/J-Ck; VkP-O12)

[0154] This example describes the construction of an expression cassette that contains relevant elements to enable B-cell and developmental/differentiation stage-specific expression of the rearranged human IGKV1-39 VK region, based on the IGKV1-39 VK promoter region, leader containing an intron, germline V-gene, CDR3, IGKJ segment, mouse intergenic region located between Jk and CK, rat Ck allele a open reading frame, and a mouse intergenic fragment from the 3' end of the mouse CK gene ending just 3' of the 3' CK enhancer.

[0155] Optimized open reading frames of the leader, IGKV1-39 rearranged gene, and rat CK allele a gene, as described in Example 5, was used for the construction of the expression cassette. The VK promoter region was obtained by gene synthesis procedures (GeneArt, GmbH) and is almost identical to the sequence of the human IGKV1-39 region between -500 bp and the ATG (start site) of the gene. The only deviation from the natural sequence is the introduction of a GCCACCATGG Kozak sequence (SEQ ID NO:102) at the ATG (start) site in order to promote translation. A genomic fragment from a mouse BAC clone (TaconicArtemis) is used as the basis for the introduction of individual elements. This fragment is identical to the sequence of the mouse VK locus starting with the intron donor site located directly 3' of the JK5 region and ending just 3' of the 3' CK enhancer and covers approximately 12.5 kb.

[0156] The final construct contains from 5' to 3' end the following elements: human genomic IGKV1-39 promoter (500 bp), a Kozak sequence, a human IGKV1-39 leader part 1 (optimized), a human IGKV1-39 leader intron, a human IGKV1-39 leader part 2 (optimized), a human IGKV1-39 germline gene (optimized), a human J-region (optimized), a mouse intergenic region including the intron enhancer element, a rat (Rattus norvegicus) kappa constant region (optimized), and a mouse intergenic region including the 3' kappa enhancer. The elements of this expression cassette are shown in FIG. 8 and named VkP-IGKV1-39/J-Ck (VkP-O12). An outline of the pVkP-O12 vector and the targeting strategy is depicted in FIGS. 20A and 21A. The vector was introduced into ES cells following standard procedures (see Example 14).

Example 10: Construction of a VK Promoter-Driven Expression Construct Containing an IGLV2-14/J Clone and Multiple CK Locus-Derived Enhancer Elements (VkP-IGLVL2-14/J-Ck; VkP-2a2)

[0157] This example describes the same construct as described in Example 9, except that the IGKV1-39 gene and J-region are replaced by the optimized human IGLV2-14 germline gene including a unique V-J region (VkP-IGLV2-14/J-Ck; VkP-2a2; FIG. 9).

Example 11: Construction of a VK Promoter-Driven Expression Construct Containing an IGKV1-39 Clone Lacking the CK Intron Enhancer Element (VkP-IGKV1-39/J-Ck-.DELTA.1; VkP-O12-del1)

[0158] The construct described in Example 9 was modified by removing the CK intron enhancer element, located in the intergenic region between the human J region and the rat CK region by standard PCR modification and DNA cloning methodologies (GeneArt, GmBH). The resulting expression cassette is shown in FIG. 10 and named VkP-IGKV1-39/J-Ck-.DELTA.1 (VkP-O12-del1).

[0159] An outline of the pVkP-O12-del1 vector and the targeting strategy is depicted in FIGS. 20B and 21B. The vector was introduced into ES cells following standard procedures (see Example 14).

Example 12: Construction of a VK Promoter-Driven Expression Construct Containing an IGKV1-39 Clone Lacking the CK Intron Enhancer Element and a Truncated 3' CK Enhancer Element (VkP-IGKV1-39/J-Ck-.DELTA.2; VkP-O12-De12)

[0160] The construct described in Example 11 was modified by truncating the 3' CK enhancer element and deleting part of the intergenic region 3' of the rat Ck gene, to remove potential inhibitory elements. This was achieved by removing the intergenic sequence between an EcoRV site (located 3' of the rat Ck gene) and the NcoI site present in the 3' enhancer (5993 bp) and further removing the sequence between the 3' enhancer BstXI site and the BstXI site 3' of the 3' enhancer (474 bp) using standard methods. The resulting expression cassette is shown in FIG. 11 and named VkP-IGKV1-39/J-Ck-.DELTA.2 (VkP-O12-de12).

[0161] An outline of the pVkP-O12-de12 vector and the targeting strategy is depicted in FIGS. 20C and 21C. The vector was introduced into ES cells following standard procedures (see Example 14).

Example 13: Expression of Vk Constructs in Cell Lines

[0162] The constructs described in Examples 9-12 are tested for their ability to produce light chain proteins in the myeloma cell lines MPC11 (ATCC CCL167), B-cell lymphoma WEHI231 (ATCC CRL-1702), the T-cell lymphoma EL4 (ATCC TIB-39) and in HEK293 (ATCC CRL1573). The enhancer and promoter elements in the construct enable expression in the B-cell lines but not in cell lines derived from other tissues. After transfection of the cell lines using purified linearized DNA and Fugene6 (Roche) cells are cultured for transient expression. Cells and supernatant are harvested and subjected to SDS-PAGE analysis followed by western blotting using a specific anti-rat-C-kappa antibody. Supernatants are analyzed in ELISA for secreted L chains using the anti-rat CK antibody (Beckton Dickinson #550336).

Example 14: Generation of Transgenic ES Lines

[0163] All constructs as described in Examples 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10, 11 and 12 were used to generate individual stable transgenic ES lines by means of homologous recombination. The methods for generation of transgenic ES lines via homologous recombination are known in the field (e.g., Eggan et al., PNAS 98:6209-6214; J. Seibler, B. Zevnik, B. KUter-Luks, S. Andreas, H. Kern, T. Hennek, A. Rode, C. Heimann, N. Faust, G. Kauselmann, M. Schoor, R. Jaenisch, K. Rajewsky, R. Kuhn, F. Schwenk (2003), Nucleic Acids Res., February 15; 31(4):e12; Hogan et al. (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Cold Spring Harbor N.Y.), pp. 253-289).

[0164] For all constructs described in Examples 5 and 6, and Examples 9-12, the RMCE ES cell line (derived from mouse strain 129S6B6F1-Gt(ROSA)26Sortml0Arte) was grown on a mitotically inactivated feeder layer comprised of mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEF) in DMEM High Glucose medium containing 15% FBS (PAN 1302-P220821). Leukemia Inhibitory Factor (Chemicon ESG 1107) was added to the medium at a concentration of 900 U/mL. For manipulation, 2.times.10.sup.5 ES-cells were plated on 3.5 cm dishes in 2 ml medium. Directly before transfection, 2 ml fresh medium was added to the cells. Three .mu.l Fugene6 Reagent (Roche; Catalog No. 1 814 443) was mixed with 100 .mu.l serum free medium (OptiMEM I with Glutamax I; Invitrogen; Catalog No. 51985-035) and incubated for five minutes. One hundred .mu.l of the Fugene/OptiMEM solution was added to 2 .mu.g circular vector and 2 CAGGS-Flp and incubated for 20 minutes. This transfection complex was added dropwise to the cells and mixed. Fresh medium was added to the cells the following day. From day 2 onwards, the medium was replaced daily with medium containing 250 .mu.g/mL G418 (Geneticin; Invitrogen; Catalog No. 10131-019). Seven days after transfection, single clones were isolated, expanded, and molecular analyzed by Southern blotting according to standard procedures.

[0165] For each construct, analysis of multiple clones by restriction enzyme digestion of genomic DNA of single clones followed by hybridization with 5' probes, 3' probes, and internal probes resulted in clones that comprised a correct, single insertion at the correct position in the Rosa26 locus. An example is provided in FIGS. 14A-C.

Example 15: Generation of Transgenic Mouse Strains

[0166] All ES cell lines that were generated and verified for their modifications as described in Example 14 were used to generate stable transgenic mice by means of tetraploid recombination. The methods are known in the field. In general, after administration of hormones, superovulated Balb/c females were mated with Balb/c males. Blastocysts were isolated from the uterus at dpc 3.5. For microinjection, blastocysts were placed in a drop of DMEM with 15% FCS under mineral oil. A flat tip, piezo actuated microinjection-pipette with an internal diameter of 12-15 micrometers was used to inject 10-15 targeted C57BL/6 N.tac ES cells into each blastocyst. After recovery, injected blastocysts were transferred to each uterine horn of 2.5 days post coitum, pseudopregnant NMRI females. Chimerism was measured in chimeras (G0) by coat color contribution of ES cells to the Balb/c host (black/white). Highly chimeric mice were bred to strain C57BL/6 females. Depending on the project requirements, the C57BL/6 mating partners are non-mutant (W) or mutant for the presence of a recombinase gene (Flp-Deleter or Cre-deleter or CreER inducible deleter or combination of Flp-deleter/CreER). Germline transmission was identified by the presence of black, strain C57BL/6, offspring (G1).

[0167] For example, ESC clone IgVK1-39 2683 8 (see Examples 5 and 14) was injected in a total of 62 blastocysts in three independent experiments. Three litters were obtained with a total of six pups. All pups were chimeric. Three heterozygous offspring pups were obtained that were used for further crossing.

[0168] ESC Clone Kappa 2692 A-C10 (see Examples 3 and 14) was injected in a total of 54 blastocysts in three independent experiments. Three litters were obtained with a total of eleven pups, of which ten were chimeric. Eight heterozygous offspring pups were obtained that were used for further crossing.

[0169] ESC Clone Kappa 2692 B-C1 (see Examples 3 and 14) was injected in a total of 51 blastocysts in three independent experiments. Two litters were obtained with a total of six pups, of which four were chimeric. Three heterozygous offspring pups were obtained that were used for further crossing.

Example 16: Breeding

[0170] This example describes the breeding for obtaining mice that contain transgenic expression cassettes as described Example 14 and knock-out mice in which the endogenous lambda and kappa loci have been silenced. The localization of V-lambda on chromosome 16 and CD19 on chromosome 7 allow standard breeding procedures. The breeding of the co-localized Vk locus and Rosa26 locus on chromosome 6 with a distance of about 24 cM requires special attention during the screening as only a percentage of the offspring shows crossover in a way that both modifications are brought together on one chromosome.

[0171] All four loci have to be combined in a single mouse strain that is homo- or heterozygous for CD19-cre (not described) and modified Rosa26 transgene and homozygous for the other loci. Breeding is performed by standard breeding and screening techniques as appropriate and offered by commercial breeding companies (e.g., TaconicArtemis).

Example 17: Immunizations of Mice

[0172] Primary and booster immunization of mice are performed using standard protocols.

[0173] To validate the transgenic expression of human rearranged V.kappa. O12 (IGKV1-39)--rat C.kappa. light chains (see Examples 5, 14-16) in B cells from CD19-HuV.kappa.1 mice and to assess its impact on VH repertoire size, diversity of VH family usage and V(D)J recombination after immunization, the CD19-HuV.kappa.1 transgenic mice are immunized with tetanus toxin vaccine (TT vaccine) and VH sequence diversity of randomly picked clones from CD19-HuV.kappa.1 mice are compared with TT-immunized wt mice and CD19-Cre HuVk1 negative littermates. Data on the SHM frequency of the human V.kappa. O12 transgene in the immunized mice are obtained. A diverse collection of at least 40 TT-specific, clonally-unrelated mAbs containing the human V.kappa. O12 are recovered from CD19-HuV.kappa.1 mice by phage display.

[0174] For this, three adult CD19-HuV.kappa.1 mice are vaccinated with TT vaccine using standard immunization procedures. After immunization, serum titers are measured using TT specific ELISA (TT: Statens Serum Institute, Art. no. 2674) and spleen suspensions subjected to cell sorting by the FACS procedure after staining with a rat C.kappa.-specific monoclonal antibody to isolate transgenic B cells (clone RG7/9.1; BD Pharmingen#553901, Lot#06548). RNA from rat C.kappa.-positive B cells are extracted and the resulting cDNA material used for library building and SHM analysis.

[0175] The standard monoclonal mouse anti-rat C.kappa. antibody (clone RG7/9.1; BD Pharmingen#553901, Lot#06548) is used in FACS analysis of transgene expressing B cells (Meyer et al. (1996), Int. Immunol. 8:1561). The clone RG7/9.1 antibody reacts with a monotypic (common) kappa chain determinant. This anti-rat C.kappa. antibody (clone RG7/9.1 (BD Pharmingen#553901, Lot#06548) is labeled with R-phycoerythrin (PE) using the LYNX rapid conjugation kit according to the manufacturer's instructions for FACS analysis and sorting. The labeled antibody is firstly tested by flow cytometry for binding to rat C.kappa.-containing functional light chain proteins produced into transiently transfected HEK-293T cells; the un-conjugated antibody serves as a positive control. Two other antibodies shown to bind to rat C.kappa. by ELISA and Western-blot (see Example 7) are tested as well by flow cytometry.

[0176] Fab-phage display library building is carried out with a set of optimized degenerate PCR primers designed to amplify C57BL/6 VH genes; the minimal library size is 10.sup.6 clones, and minimal insert frequency is 80%. The vector used, MV1043 (FIGS. 3 and 12), contains the human V.kappa. O12 fused to a human C.kappa. region. The rat C.kappa. is therefore exchanged for the human counterpart in the library generation process.

[0177] Before selection, VH sequencing of 96 randomly picked clones is performed to validate VH repertoire diversity that is compared to diversity obtained from an unselected library previously generated using the same procedures from BALB/c mice immunized with TT. A library from C57Bl/6 wt mice that are immunized in the same way allows diversity comparison between two preselected libraries sharing the same vaccine and the same genetic background.

[0178] Several independent selections are performed on TT coated in immunotubes. Variables that may be included are selections using biotinylated antigens in solution or selections on captured TT. Based on the number and diversity of ELISA-positive clones obtained in the first selections, decisions on additional rounds of selection are made. Clones are considered positive when >3.times. positive over a negative control clone. Positive clones are analyzed by ELISA against a panel of negative control antigens to verify antigen specificity. The aim is to identify at least 40 unique VH regions, as based on unique CDR3 sequences and V.sub.HDJ.sub.H rearrangements.

[0179] Amplification of the cDNA material from rat CK-positive sorted B cells is performed with a PCR forward primer specific to the human leader sequence and a PCR reverse primer specific to the rat C.kappa. sequence, in a region not redundant with the mouse C.kappa. sequence, as reported in a recent study (Brady et al. (2006), JIM 315:61). Primer combinations and annealing temperatures are firstly tested on cDNA from HEK-293T cells transfected with 0817676_pSELECT_0815426=pSELECT vector with IGKV1-39 DNA cassette (see Example 7).

[0180] The amplification products is cloned in pJET-1 vector and after XL1-blue transformation, 96 colonies are sequenced for assessing VL SHM frequency by direct comparison to the V.kappa. O12 (IGKV1-39) germline sequence. The R/S ratio method, as described in our study on human TT-specific antibodies (de Kruif et al. (2009), J. Mol. Biol. 387:548) allows discrimination between random mutations and antigen-driven mutations that occurred on VL sequences.

Example 18: Immunofluorescent Analysis of B Cell Populations in Transgenic Mouse Lines

[0181] This example describes the use of antibodies and flow cytometry to analyze B cell populations in primary (bone marrow) and secondary (spleen, peritoneal) lymphoid organs and blood. Methods and reagents are described in Middendorp et al. (2002), J. Immunol. 168:2695; and Middendorp et al. (2004), J. Immunol. 172:1371. For analysis of early B cell development in bone marrow, cells were surface stained with combinations of antibodies (Becton Dickinson) specific for B220, CD19, CD25, IgM, IgD, mouse Ckappa, mouse Clambda and rat Ckappa to detect pro-B cells, pre-B cells, large pre-B cells, early and late immature B cells and recirculating B cell populations expressing the transgene on their surface. DAPI staining (Invitrogen) was included to exclude dead cells from the analysis and FC block (Becton Dickinson) to inhibit antibody interaction with Fc receptors on myeloid cells. For analysis of surface transgene expression on B cell populations in peripheral lymphoid organs and blood, cells were stained with combinations of antibodies (Becton Dickinson) specific for B220, CD5, CD19, CD21, CD23, IgM, IgD, mouse Ckappa, mouse Clambda and rat Ckappa. DAPI staining was included to exclude dead cells from the analysis and FC block to inhibit antibody interaction with Fc receptors on myeloid cells. In addition, combinations of antibodies (Becton Dickinson) specific for CD3, CD4, CD11b, CD11c and NK1.1 were included to determine if transgene expression occurred in cell types outside of the B cell compartment.

[0182] Three mice heterozygous for the human IGKV1-39/rat Ckappa transgene and heterozygous for the CD19-Cre transgene on a C57BL6 background (HuVk1/CD19-Cre) were analyzed. As controls for the FACS analysis, three littermate mice wild-type for the human IGKV1-39/rat Ckappa transgene and heterozygous for the CD19-Cre transgene on a C57BL6 background (CD19-Cre) and two C57BL6/NTac mice (Wt) were included. All animals were allowed to acclimatize in the animal facility for one week before analysis and all mice were male and six weeks of age. Lymphocytes were isolated from the femurs, spleens, peritoneal cavity and blood of mice using conventional techniques as previously described (Middendorp et al. (2002), J. Immunol. 168:2695; and Middendorp et al. (2004), J. Immunol. 172:1371). Antibodies were pre-combined as shown in FIG. 29A-B and staining was carried out in 96-well plates. Incubation with the PE-conjugated anti-rat C kappa (described above) was carried out before staining with the rat anti-murine antibodies to avoid non-specific binding. After completion of cell staining, labeled cells were analyzed on a Becton Dickinson LSR II FACS machine and the acquired data analyzed with FlowJo software (v6.4.7).

[0183] Transgenic mice were similar in weight, appearance and activity to wild-type mice. No gross anatomical alterations were observed during the harvesting of tissues. No difference was observed in the numbers of B cells in the bone marrow (BM) and spleen (Table 9) or in the numbers of B cells, T cells and myeloid cells in peripheral organs between transgenic and wild-type mice. In addition, the frequency or proportion of the cells in the different lymphocyte developmental pathways was not altered in transgenic mice when compared to wild-type mice. Thus in the double transgenic (HuVk1/CD19-Cre) and transgenic (CD19-Cre) mice lymphoid and most importantly B cell development was indistinguishable from wild-type mice.

[0184] In the peripheral lymphoid organs, staining with the transgene specific antibody (anti-ratCkappa-PE) was only observed in the B cell populations. T cell, myeloid cell and NK cell populations were all negative for surface expression of the transgene in the spleen (FIG. 23). In contrast, in cells stained with the pan B cell markers B220 and CD19 all cells were shifted to the right in the FACS plot indicating cell surface expression of the transgene (FIG. 24). A similar transgene-specific staining was measured in CD5.sup.+ B1 cells of the peritoneum, a developmentally distinct population of B cells (FIG. 25).

[0185] Differentiation of B cells from multilineage precursors to mature B cells occurs in the bone marrow. In the lymphocytes analyzed from the bone marrow, extracellular and transgene expression was not detectable in the earliest B cell progenitors the pro- and pre-B cell consistent with the pattern of normal light chain expression (FIGS. 26A-B). Transgene expression first becomes detectable in immature B cells, the developmental stage at which the germline murine light chain undergoes rearrangement and is expressed at the cell surface in the context of the preselected heavy chain (FIGS. 26A-B). Consistent with the staining in the spleen transgenic light chain expression is also detected on mature recirculating B cells (FIGS. 26A-B). Thus the CD19-Cre driven expression of the transgene is consistent with the normal pattern of light chain expression. The staining with the endogenous light chain-specific antibody is more intense than that of the transgene-specific light chain antibody. This may indicate a higher expression level of the endogenous light chain, a more sensitive staining with the endogenous light chain-specific antibody or a combination of both. Importantly, the intensity of the surface expression of the transgenic light chain is correlated with both endogenous light chain and IgM surface expression as observed in staining of circulating B cells in the blood (FIG. 27).

[0186] Thus, overall this analysis demonstrates that expression of the human IGKV1-39/Ckappa transgene is restricted to the B cell compartment and the temporal regulation of its expression is similar to the endogenous kappa and lambda light chains resulting in normal development of all B cell populations. The apparent lower level of expression of the transgene could be explained by the strength of the promoter in comparison to the promoter and enhancers present on endogenous light chain genes or by a delay in transgene expression that gives the endogenous light chains a competitive advantage in pairing with the rearranged heavy chain. This is consistent with the observation that as B cells mature the relative intensity of transgene staining increases compared to the endogenous light chains. In addition, the observation that B cells numbers are normal and that every surface Ig+B cell co-expresses an endogenous and transgenic light chain supports the conclusion that the IGKV1-39 variable region is capable of pairing with a normal repertoire of different murine heavy chain variable regions. We conclude from this analysis that insertion of the IGKV1-39/rat Ckappa transgene driven by the CD19-Cre activated CAGGS promoter in the Rosa locus facilitates timely and B cell-specific expression of the transgene and that the transgene is capable of pairing with a normal repertoire of murine heavy chains.

Example 19: Epibase.RTM. T-Cell Epitope Profile for IGKV1-39

[0187] The protein sequence of IGKV1-39 (FIG. 12, human germline IGKV1-39/J Protein) was scanned for the presence of putative HLA class II restricted epitopes, also known as T.sub.H-epitopes. For this, Algonomics' Epibase.RTM. platform was applied to IGKV1-39. In short, the platform analyzes the HLA binding specificities of all possible 10-mer peptides derived from a target sequence (Desmet et al. (1992), Nature 356:539-542; Desmet et al. (1997), FASEB J. 11:164-172; Desmet et al. (2002), Proteins 48:31-43; Desmet et al. (2005), Proteins 58:53-69). Profiling is done at the allotype level for 20 DRB1, 7 DRB3/4/5, 13 DQ and 7 DP, i.e., 47 HLA class II receptors in total (see Table 5). Epibase.RTM. calculates a quantitative estimate of the free energy of binding .DELTA.G.sub.bind of a peptide for each of the 47 HLA class II receptors. These data were then further processed as follows:

[0188] Free energies were converted into Kd-values through .DELTA.G.sub.bind=RT ln(Kd).

[0189] Peptides were classified as strong (S), medium (M), weak and non (N) binders. The following cutoffs were applied:

[0190] S: strong binder: Kd<0.1 .mu.M.

[0191] M: medium binder: 0.1 .mu.M.ltoreq.Kd<0.8 .mu.M.

[0192] N: weak and non-binder: 0.8 .mu.M.ltoreq.Kd.

[0193] Peptides corresponding to self-peptides were treated separately. The list of self-peptides was taken from 293 antibody germline sequences. They are referred to as "germline-filtered" peptides.

[0194] S- and M-peptides are mapped onto the target sequence in so-called epitope maps; S-affinities are plotted quantitatively; M-values are presented qualitatively. As a general overview of the results, Table 6 lists the number of strong and medium binders in the analyzed proteins, for the groups of HLA class II receptors corresponding to the DRB1, DQ, DP and DRB3/4/5 genes. Counting was done separately for strong and medium affinity binders. Peptides binding to multiple allotypes of the same group were counted as one. Values between brackets refer to germline-filtered peptides. In Table 7, the sequence is shown in a format suitable for experimental work. The sequence is broken down in consecutive 15-mers overlapping by 12 residues. For each 15-mer, the promiscuity is listed (the number of allotypes out of a total of 47 for which the 15-mer contains a critical binder), as well as the implied serotypes. The Epibase.RTM. profile and epitope maps are shown in FIGS. 16A-C and 17.

[0195] It was concluded that IGKV1-39 contains no strong non-self DRB1 binders. Typically, significantly more binders were found for DRB1 than for other HLA genes. This is in agreement with experimental evidence that allotypes belonging to the DRB1 group are more potent peptide binders. Medium strength epitopes for DRB1 allotypes are expected to contribute to the population response, and cannot be disregarded. Again, no non-self DRB1 binders were found in IGKV1-39.

[0196] In the humoral response raised against an antigen, the observed T.sub.H cell activation/proliferation is generally interpreted in terms of the DRB1 specificity. However, one cannot ignore the possible contribution of the DRB3/4/5, DQ and DP genes. Given the lower expression levels of these genes as compared to DRB1, the focus was on the class of strong epitopes for DRB3/4/5, DQ and DP. "Critical epitopes" are those epitopes that are strong binders for any DRB1, DRB3/4/5, DQ or DP allotype or are medium binders for DRB1. IGKV1-39 contains no strong or medium non-self binders for DRB3/4/5, DQ, or DP.

[0197] A number of peptides are also present in germline sequences (values between brackets in Table 6). Such peptides may very well bind to HLA but they are assumed to be self and, hence, non-immunogenic. In total, six strong and 16 medium germline-filtered DRB1 binders were found in IGKV1-39. Framework region 1 up to framework region 3 is an exact match for germline V-segment VKI 2-1-(1) O12 (VBase), a.k.a. IGKV1-39*01 (IMGT). Framework region 4 is an exact match for germline J-segment JK1 (V-base) a.k.a. IGKJ1*01(IMGT). It is hardly surprising that these segments do not contain any non-self epitopes.

Example 20: Production Characteristics of IGKV1-39

[0198] There is a great demand for antibody discovery platforms that yield therapeutic antibodies that are thermodynamically stable and give good expression yields. These characteristics are important in ensuring the stability of the drug substance during production and after injection of the drug product into the patient. In addition good expression yields impact directly on the cost of drug manufacture and thus pricing, patient access and profitability. Virtually all therapeutic antibodies in clinical use today are composed of human IgG1 and kappa constant regions but use different heavy and light chain variable regions that confer specificity. Human variable heavy and light chain domains can be divided into families that have greater than 80% sequence divergence. When rearranged examples of these families in germline configuration are combined and compared for stability and yield it is clear that the gene families are not equal in terms of biophysical properties. In particular V.sub.H3, V.sub.H1 and V.sub.H5 have favourable stability for the heavy chains and Vk1 and Vk3 have the best stability and yield of light chains. In addition when mutations are introduced as part of the somatic hypermutation process they can interfere with V.sub.H/V.sub.L pairing. To assess the effect that different light chain genes with different rates of mutation have on the production characteristics of a fixed V.sub.H chain, a Fab phage display library was built of light chains (kappa and lambda) from six naive healthy donors combined with a panel of 44 TT binding heavy chains from immunized donors. After one round of selection TT binding Fab clones were isolated. Several of these shared the same V.sub.H gene as the TT clone PG1433 in combination with different light chains. The Fab light chain fragments were recloned into a kappa expression vector and transfected in combination with DNA encoding the heavy chain of PG1433 into 293 cells and specific IgG production measured by ELISA. As demonstrated in Table 8 the selected clones containing PG1433 V.sub.H combined with different light chains had between five- and ten-fold lower protein expression PG1433 V.sub.H combined with IGKV1-39. Note that all of the light chains contained amino acid mutations within their coding regions that might disrupt V.sub.H paring and reduce production stability. Thus, in addition to reducing the chances of unwanted immunogenicity, it is expected that the use of the light chain IGKV1-39 without mutations contributes to improved production stability and yields of various specificity-contributing V.sub.H genes. Indeed stable clones generated by the transfection of different V.sub.H genes all paired with IGKV1-39 are able to be passaged extensively and still retain robust production characteristics as shown in Table 9 FIG. 28.

Example 21: Generation of Mice Expressing Fully Human VH and VL Regions

[0199] Transgenic mice described herein are crossed with mice that already contain a human VH locus. Examples of appropriate mice comprising a human VH locus are disclosed in Taylor et al. (1992), Nucleic Acids Res. 20:6287-95; Lonberg et al. (1994), Nature 368:856-9; Green et al. (1994), Nat. Genet. 7:13-21; Dechiara et al. (2009), Methods Mol. Biol. 530:311-24.).

[0200] After crossing and selecting for mice that are at least heterozygous for the IGKV1-39 transgene and the human VH locus, selected mice are immunized with a target. VH genes are harvested as described hereinabove. This method has the advantage that the VH genes are already fully human and thus do not require humanization.

Example 22: Isolation, Characterization, Oligoclonics Formatting and Production of Antibodies Targeting Human IL6 for Treatment of Chronic Inflammatory Diseases Such as Rheumatoid Arthritis

[0201] A spleen VH repertoire from transgenic mice that are immunized with human recombinant IL6 is cloned in a phage display Fab vector with a single human IGKV1-39-C kappa light chain (identical to the mouse transgene) and subjected to panning against the immunogen human IL6. Clones that are obtained after two to four rounds of panning are analyzed for their binding specificity. VH genes encoding IL6-specific Fab fragments are subjected to sequence analysis to identify unique clones and assign VH, DH and JH utilization. The Fab fragments are reformatted as IgG1 molecules and transiently expressed. Unique clones are then grouped based on non-competition in binding assays and subjected to affinity and functional analysis. The most potent anti-IL6 IgG1 mAbs are subsequently expressed as combinations of two, three, four or five heavy chains comprising different VH-regions in the Oligoclonics format, together with one IGKV1-39-C-based kappa light chain and tested in vitro for complex formation with IL-6. The Oligoclonics are also tested in vivo for clearance of human IL-6 from mice. An Oligoclonic with the most potent clearance activity is chosen and the murine VH genes humanized according to conventional methods. The humanized IgG1 are transfected into a mammalian cell line to generate a stable clone. An optimal subclone is selected for the generation of a master cell bank and the generation of clinical trial material.

[0202] Many of the protocols described here are standard protocols for the construction of phage display libraries and the panning of phages for binding to an antigen of interest and are described, for example, in Antibody Phage Display: Methods and Protocols (2002), Editor(s) Philippa M. O'Brien, Robert Aitken, Humana Press, Totowa, N.J., USA.

Immunizations

[0203] Transgenic mice receive three immunizations with human IL6 every two weeks using the adjuvant Sigma titerMax according to manufacturer's instructions.

RNA Isolation and cDNA Synthesis

[0204] Three days after the last immunization, spleens and lymphnodes from the mice are removed and passed through a 70 micron filter into a tube containing PBS pH 7.4 to generate a single cell suspension. After washing and pelleting of lymphocytes, cells are suspended in TRIzol LS Reagent (Invitrogen) for the isolation of total RNA according to the manufacturer's protocol and subjected to reverse transcription reaction using 1 microgram of RNA, Superscript III RT in combination with dT20 according to manufacturer's procedures (Invitrogen).

[0205] The generation of Fab phage display libraries is carried out as described in Example 2.

Selection of Phages on Coated Immunotubes

[0206] Human recombinant IL6 is dissolved in PBS in a concentration of 5 .mu.g/ml and coated to MAXISORP.TM. Nunc-Immuno Tube (Nunc 444474) overnight at 4.degree. C. After discarding the coating solution, the tubes are blocked with 2% skim milk (ELK) in PBS (blocking buffer) for one hour at Room Temperature (RT). In parallel, 0.5 ml of the phage library is mixed with 1 ml blocking buffer and incubated for 20 minutes at room temperature. After blocking the phages, the phage solution is added to the IL6-coated tubes and incubated for two hours at RT on a slowly rotating platform to allow binding. Next, the tubes are washed ten times with PBS/0.05% TWEEN.TM.-20 detergent followed by phage elution by incubating with 1 ml 50 mM glycine-HCl pH 2.2 ten minutes at RT on rotating wheel and directly followed by neutralization of the harvested eluent with 0.5 ml 1 M Tris-HCl pH 7.5.

Harvesting Phage Clones

[0207] A 5 ml XL1-Blue MRF (Stratagene) culture at O.D. 0.4 is added to the harvested phage solution and incubated for 30 minutes at 37.degree. C. without shaking to allow infection of the phages. Bacteria are plated on Carbenicillin/Tetracycline 4% glucose 2*TY plates and grown overnight at 37.degree. C.

Phage Production

[0208] Phages are grown and processed as described by Kramer et al. 2003 (Kramer et al. 2003, Nucleic Acids Res. 31(11):e59) using VCSM13 as helper phage strain.

Phage ELISA

[0209] ELISA plates are coated with 100 microliters human recombinant IL6 per well at a concentration of 2.5 micrograms/ml in PBS overnight at 4.degree. C. Plates coated with 100 microliters thyroglobulin at a concentration of 2 micrograms/ml in PBS are used as a negative control. Wells are emptied, dried by tapping on a paper towel, filled completely with PBS-4% skimmed milk (ELK) and incubated for one hour at room temperature to block the wells. After discarding the block solution, phage minipreps pre-mixed with 50 .mu.l blocking solution are added and incubated for one hour at RT. Unbound phages are subsequently removed by five washing steps with PBS-0.05% Tween-20. Bound phages are detected by incubating the wells with 100 microliters anti-M13-HRP antibody conjugate (diluted 1/5000 in blocking buffer) for one hour at room temperature. Free antibody is removed by repeating the washing steps as described above, followed by TMB substrate incubation until color development was visible. The reaction is stopped by adding 100 microliters of 2 M H2SO4 per well and analyzed on an ELISA reader at 450 nm emission wavelength.

Sequencing

[0210] Clones that give signals at least three times above the background signal are propagated, used for DNA miniprep procedures (see procedures Qiagen miniPrep manual) and subjected to nucleotide sequence analysis. Sequencing is performed according to the Big Dye 1.1 kit accompanying manual (Applied Biosystems) using a reverse primer (CH1_Rev1, Table 1) recognizing a 5' sequence of the CH1 region of the human IgG1 heavy chain (present in the Fab display vector MV1043, FIGS. 3 and 12). The sequences of the murine VH regions are analyzed for diversity of DH and JH gene segments.

Construction and Expression of Chimeric IgG1

[0211] Vector MV1057 (FIGS. 12 and 22) was generated by cloning the transgene (IGKV1-39) L chain fragment into a derivative of vector pcDNA3000Neo (Crucell, Leiden, The Netherlands) that contains the human IgG1- and kappa constant regions. VH regions are cloned into MV1057 and nucleotide sequences for all constructs are verified according to standard techniques. The resulting constructs are transiently expressed in HEK293T cells and supernatants containing chimeric IgG1 are obtained and purified using standard procedures as described before (M. Throsby 2006, J. Virol. 80:6982-92).

IgG1 Binding and Competition Analysis

[0212] IgG1 antibodies are titrated in ELISA using IL6-coated plates as described above and an anti-human IgG peroxidase conjugate. Competition ELISAs to group antibodies based on epitope recognition are performed by incubating Fab phages together with IgG1 or with commercial antibodies against IL6 (e.g., Abcam cat. no. ab9324) in IL6-coated plates, followed by detection of bound Fab phage using an anti-M13 peroxidase conjugate.

IgG1 Affinity Measurements

[0213] The affinities of the antibodies to IL6 are determined with the Quantitative kinetic protocol on the Octet (ForteBio). Antibodies are captured onto an Anti-Human IgG Fc Capture biosensor and exposed to free IL6 and analyzed using proprietary software to calculate the Kd of each antibody.

Functional Activity of IL6 Antibodies

[0214] To test the ability of the selected antibodies to inhibit binding between IL6 and IL6 receptor (IL6R), an ELISA based assay is used. Various concentrations of antibody are mixed with a fixed concentration (10 ng/ml) of biotinylated IL6 as described by Naoko et al. 2007, Can. Res. 67:817-875. The IL6-antibody immune complex is added to immobilized IL6R. The binding of biotinylated IL6 to IL6R is detected with horseradish peroxidase-conjugated streptavidin. The reduction of ELISA signal is a measurement of inhibition. As positive control for inhibition of binding between IL6 and IL6R either anti-IL6R antibody (Abcam cat. no. ab34351; clone B-R6) or anti IL6 antibody (Abcam cat. no. ab9324) is used.

[0215] In vitro blocking activity of the selected anti-IL6 antibodies is measured in a proliferation assay using the IL6-dependent cell line 7TD1. Briefly, cells are incubated with different concentrations of human IL6 with or without the anti-IL6 antibody. The available amount of IL6 determines the degree of proliferation. Thus if an added antibody blocks IL6 binding the proliferation readout is reduced compared to a non binding antibody control. Proliferation is measured by the incorporation of 5-bromo-2'-deoxy-uridine (BrdU) into the DNA using the BrdU proliferation kit (Roche cat. no. 11444611001) according to the manufacturer's instructions.

Generation of Anti-IL6 Oligoclonics

[0216] The most potent anti-IL6 antibodies are selected from each epitope group. The expression constructs expressing these antibodies are transfected into HEK293T cells in non-competing groups of three in different ratios (1:1:1; 3:1:1; 1:3:1; 1:1:3; 3:3:1; 1:3:3; 3:1:3; 10:1:1; 1:10:1; 1:1:10; 10:10:1; 1:10:10; 10:1:10; 3:10:1; 10:3:1; 1:10:3; 3:1:10; 10:1:3; 1:3:10). Antibody containing supernatants are harvested and purified and characterized as above.

Complex Formation and In Vivo Clearance of Anti-IL6 Oligoclonics

[0217] To measure the ability of anti-IL6 Oligoclonics to form immune complexes and to analyze these complexes Size Exclusion Chromatography (SEC) is used according to the approach disclosed by Min-Soo Kim et al. (2007), JMB 374:1374-1388, to characterize the immune-complexes formed with different antibodies to TNF.alpha.. Different molar ratios of the anti-IL6 Oligoclonics are mixed with human IL6 and incubated for 20 hours at 4.degree. C. or 25.degree. C. The mixture is analyzed on an HPLC system fitted with a size exclusion column; different elution times are correlated to molecular weight using a molecular weight standards.

[0218] The ability of antibodies to form complexes with IL6 is correlated with their ability to rapidly clear the cytokine from the circulation in vivo. This is confirmed by measuring the clearance of radiolabelled IL6 from mice. Briefly, female, six- to eight-week-old Balb/c mice are obtained and 18 hours before the experiment, the animals are injected intravenously (IV) via the lateral tail vein with different doses of purified anti-IL6 Oligoclonics. On day 0, the mice are injected IV with 50 microliters of radiolabeled IL-6 (1.times.10E7 cpm/mL) under the same conditions. Blood samples (approximately 50 microliters) are collected at several time intervals and stored at 4.degree. C. The samples are centrifuged for five minutes at 4000.times.g and the radioactivity of the serum determined. All pharmacokinetic experiments are performed simultaneously with three animals for each treatment.

Generation of Anti-IL6 Oligoclonics Stable Clones and Preclinical Development

[0219] A lead anti-IL6 Oligoclonic is selected based on the in vitro and in vivo potency as determined above. The murine VH genes are humanized according to standard methods and combined with the fully human IGKV1-39 light chain in an expression vector as described above. Examples of humanization methods include those based on paradigms such as resurfacing (E. A. Padlan et al. (1991), Mol. Immunol. 28:489), superhumanization (P. Tan, D. A., et al. (2002), J. Immunol. 169:1119) and human string content optimization (G. A. Lazar et al. (2007), Mol. Immunol. 44:1986). The three constructs are transfected into PER.C6 cells at the predetermined optimal ratio (described above) under the selective pressure of G418 according to standard methods. A stable high producing anti-IL6 Oligoclonic clone is selected and a working and qualified master cell bank generated.

TABLE-US-00002 TABLE 1 List of primers DO- Primer Sequence 0012 CH1_Rev1 TGCCAGGGGGAAGACCGATG (SEQ ID NO: 4) 0656 MVH-1 GCCGGCCATGGCCGAGGTRMAGCTTCAGGAGTCAGGAC (SEQ ID NO: 5) 0657 MVH-2 GCCGGCCATGGCCGAGGTSCAGCTKCAGCAGTCAGGAC (SEQ ID NO: 6) 0658 MVH-3 GCCGGCCATGGCCCAGGTGCAGCTGAAGSASTCAGG (SEQ ID NO: 7) 0659 MVH-4 GCCGGCCATGGCCGAGGTGCAGCTTCAGGAGTCSGGAC (SEQ ID NO: 8) 0660 MVH-5 GCCGGCCATGGCCGARGTCCAGCTGCAACAGTCYGGAC (SEQ ID NO: 9) 0661 MVH-6 GCCGGCCATGGCCCAGGTCCAGCTKCAGCAATCTGG (SEQ ID NO: 10) 0662 MVH-7 GCCGGCCATGGCCCAGSTBCAGCTGCAGCAGTCTGG (SEQ ID NO: 11) 0663 MVH-8 GCCGGCCATGGCCCAGGTYCAGCTGCAGCAGTCTGGRC (SEQ ID NO: 12) 0664 MVH-9 GCCGGCCATGGCCCAGGTYCAGCTYCAGCAGTCTGG (SEQ ID NO: 13) 0665 MVH-10 GCCGGCCATGGCCGAGGTCCARCTGCAACAATCTGGACC (SEQ ID NO: 14) 0666 MVH-11 GCCGGCCATGGCCCAGGTCCACGTGAAGCAGTCTGGG (SEQ ID NO: 15) 0667 MVH-12 GCCGGCCATGGCCGAGGTGAASSTGGTGGAATCTG (SEQ ID NO: 16) 0668 MVH-13 GCCGGCCATGGCCGAVGTGAAGYTGGTGGAGTCTG (SEQ ID NO: 17) 0669 MVH-14 GCCGGCCATGGCCGAGGTGCAGSKGGTGGAGTCTGGGG (SEQ ID NO: 18) 0670 MVH-15 GCCGGCCATGGCCGAKGTGCAMCTGGTGGAGTCTGGG (SEQ ID NO: 19) 0671 MVH-16 GCCGGCCATGGCCGAGGTGAAGCTGATGGARTCTGG (SEQ ID NO: 20) 0672 MVH-17 GCCGGCCATGGCCGAGGTGCARCTTGTTGAGTCTGGTG (SEQ ID NO: 21) 0673 MVH-18 GCCGGCCATGGCCGARGTRAAGCTTCTCGAGTCTGGA (SEQ ID NO: 22) 0674 MVH-19 GCCGGCCATGGCCGAAGTGAARSTTGAGGAGTCTGG (SEQ ID NO: 23) 0675 MVH-20 GCCGGCCATGGCCGAAGTGATGCTGGTGGAGTCTGGG (SEQ ID NO: 24) 0676 MVH-21 GCCGGCCATGGCCCAGGTTACTCTRAAAGWGTSTGGCC (SEQ ID NO: 25) 0677 MVH-22 GCCGGCCATGGCCCAGGTCCAACTVCAGCARCCTGG (SEQ ID NO: 26) 0678 MVH-23 GCCGGCCATGGCCCAGGTYCARCTGCAGCAGTCTG (SEQ ID NO: 27) 0679 MVH-24 GCCGGCCATGGCCGATGTGAACTTGGAAGTGTCTGG (SEQ ID NO: 28) 0680 MVH-25 GCCGGCCATGGCCGAGGTGAAGGTCATCGAGTCTGG (SEQ ID NO: 29) 0681 ExtMVH-1 CAGTCACAGATCCTCGCGAATTGGCCCA ATGGCCSANG (SEQ ID NO: 30) 0682 ExtMVH-2 CAGTCACAGATCCTCGCGAATTGGCCCA ATGGCCSANC (SEQ ID NO: 31) 0683 MJH-Revl GGGGGTGTCGTTTTGGCTGAGGAGAC GTGG (SEQ ID NO: 32) 0684 MJH-Rev2 GGGGGTGTCGTTTTGGCTGAGGAGAC GTGG (SEQ ID NO: 33) 0685 MJH-Rev3 GGGGGTGTCGTTTTGGCTGCAGAGAC AGAG (SEQ ID NO: 34) 0686 MJH-Rev4 GGGGGTGTCGTTTTGGCTGAGGAGAC GAGG (SEQ ID NO:3 5) 0687 ExtMJH-Rev1& GGGGGTGTCGTTTTGGCTGAGGAGAC GTGG (SEQ ID NO: 36) 0688 ExtMJH-Rev2in GGGGGTGTCGTTTTGGCTGAGGAGAC GTGG (SEQ ID NO: 37) 0690 ExtMJH-Rev3 GGGGGTGTCGTTTTGGCTGAGGAGAC AGAG (SEQ ID NO: 38) 0691 ExtMJH-Rev4 GGGGGTGTCGTTTTGGCTGAGGAGAC GAGG (SEQ ID NO: 39)

TABLE-US-00003 TABLE 2 Phage ELISA signal levels as measured at 450 nm. TT-coated plates represent plates that were coated with tetanus toxoid. Thyroglobulin-coated plates are used as negative controls. 10/10 and 15/15 indicate the number of wash steps with PBS-Tween during panning procedures. The 10/10 tetanus toxoid and 10/10 thyroglobulin plates and the 15/15 tetanus toxoid and 15/15 thyroglobulin plates are duplicates from each other except for the coating agent. OD values higher than three times the background are assumed specific. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 TT-coated plate 10/10 washings A 0.139 0.093 0.089 0.121 0.117 0.598 0.146 0.115 0.18 0.155 0.543 0.601 B 0.136 0.404 0.159 0.187 0.489 0.134 0.216 0.092 0.222 0.108 0.181 0.484 C 0.197 0.526 0.09 0.213 0.395 0.155 0.108 0.12 0.183 0.136 0.092 0.866 D 0.143 0.258 0.101 0.422 0.088 0.243 0.485 0.251 0.304 0.198 0.478 0.091 E 0.445 0.169 0.526 0.481 0.206 0.285 0.111 0.119 0.128 0.2 0.118 0.098 F 0.237 0.291 0.594 0.139 0.206 0.565 0.543 0.091 0.136 0.227 0.228 0.099 G 0.459 0.102 0.152 0.659 0.203 0.452 0.152 0.133 0.094 0.102 0.375 0.098 H 0.341 0.623 0.745 0.415 0.682 0.527 0.655 0.114 0.258 0.284 0.685 0.113 TT-coated plate 15/15 washings A 0.247 0.582 0.421 0.428 0.133 0.082 0.262 0.079 0.343 0.414 0.095 0.292 B 0.065 0.364 0.073 0.042 0.049 0.071 0.046 0.103 0.078 0.057 0.048 0.155 C 0.081 0.044 0.066 0.082 0.225 0.444 0.203 0.362 0.122 0.047 0.052 0.309 D 0.092 0.11 0.59 0.22 0.33 0.544 0.058 0.159 0.047 0.174 0.086 0.05 E 0.469 0.577 0.206 0.304 0.13 0.749 0.431 0.062 0.167 0.049 0.056 0.049 F 0.846 0.07 0.561 0.656 0.882 0.094 0.383 0.13 0.152 0.098 0.134 0.048 G 0.537 0.052 0.49 0.105 0.337 0.193 0.514 0.294 0.068 0.35 0.525 0.05 H 0.061 0.306 0.157 0.853 0.054 0.534 0.102 0.235 0.441 0.412 0.565 0.061 Thyroglobulin-coated plate 10/10 washings A 0.047 0.051 0.045 0.043 0.051 0.044 0.046 0.042 0.047 0.048 0.049 0.05 B 0.042 0.042 0.042 0.042 0.043 0.041 0.041 0.042 0.043 0.045 0.042 0.046 C 0.044 0.043 0.043 0.044 0.043 0.044 0.043 0.042 0.043 0.041 0.044 0.046 D 0.045 0.044 0.044 0.044 0.045 0.046 0.045 0.056 0.045 0.049 0.048 0.73 E 0.046 0.045 0.046 0.044 0.045 0.044 0.044 0.044 0.047 0.046 0.047 0.926 F 0.048 0.045 0.044 0.046 0.044 0.043 0.044 0.046 0.046 0.046 0.046 0.792 G 0.051 0.048 0.045 0.045 0.044 0.043 0.048 0.045 0.048 0.051 0.045 0.053 H 0.064 0.05 0.049 0.047 0.05 0.051 0.047 0.046 0.047 0.047 0.047 0.056 Thyroglobulin-coated plate 15/15 washings A 0.036 0.049 0.045 0.044 0.046 0.047 0.046 0.042 0.042 0.043 0.042 0.041 B 0.045 0.042 0.041 0.043 0.043 0.043 0.045 0.045 0.047 0.048 0.044 0.045 C 0.049 0.047 0.047 0.046 0.046 0.046 0.045 0.047 0.046 0.045 0.045 0.052 D 0.047 0.049 0.048 0.048 0.048 0.048 0.047 0.052 0.048 0.046 0.048 0.456 E 0.049 0.047 0.047 0.047 0.047 0.049 0.047 0.048 0.047 0.046 0.048 0.412 F 0.05 0.047 0.046 0.046 0.046 0.046 0.046 0.046 0.046 0.047 0.048 0.528 G 0.05 0.048 0.045 0.045 0.046 0.049 0.048 0.046 0.053 0.049 0.05 0.057 H 0.057 0.05 0.046 0.045 0.047 0.049 0.047 0.047 0.046 0.047 0.053 0.048

TABLE-US-00004 TABLE 3 Protein sequence analysis of ELISA positive tetanus toxoid binders. CDR3 V Gene CDR3/SEQ ID NO: length VH DH JH family HGAYYTYDEKAWFAY (SEQ ID NO: 40) 15 musIGHV192 DSP2.11 JH3 mouse VH7183 HGAYYTYDEKAWFAY (SEQ ID NO: 40) 15 musIGHV192 DSP2.11 JH3 mouse VH7183 HGAYYTYDEKAWFAY (SEQ ID NO: 40) 15 musIGHV192 DSP2.11 JH3 mouse VH7183 HGAYYTYDEKAWFAY (SEQ ID NO: 40) 15 musIGHV192 DSP2.11 JH3 mouse VH7183 HGAYYTYDEKAWFAY (SEQ ID NO: 40) 15 musIGHV192 DSP2.11 JH3 mouse VH7183 HGAYYTYDEKAWFAY (SEQ ID NO: 40) 15 musIGHV192 DSP2.11 JH3 mouse VH7183 HGAYYTYDEKAWFAY (SEQ ID NO: 40) 15 musIGHV192 DSP2.11 JH3 mouse VH7183 HGAYYTYDEKAWFAY (SEQ ID NO: 40) 15 musIGHV192 DSP2.11 JH3 mouse VH7183 HGAYYTYDEKAWFAY (SEQ ID NO: 40) 15 musIGHV192 DSP2.11 JH3 mouse VH7183 HGAFYTYDEKPWFAY (SEQ ID NO: 41) 15 musIGHV192 IGHD2- JH3 mouse VH7183 14*01 HISYYRYDEEVSFAY (SEQ ID NO: 42) 15 musIGHV192 IGHD2- JH3 mouse VH7183 14*01 HISYYRYDEEVSFAY (SEQ ID NO: 42) 15 musIGHV192 IGHD2- JH3 mouse VH7183 14*01 GWRAFAY (SEQ ID NO: 43) 7 musIGHV131 DSP2.9 JH3 mouse VH7183 GWRAFAY (SEQ ID NO: 43) 7 musIGHV131 DSP2.9 JH3 mouse VH7183 GWRAFAY (SEQ ID NO: 43) 7 musIGHV131 DSP2.9 JH3 mouse VH7183 DRGNYYGMDY (SEQ ID NO: 44) 10 musIGHV178 DSP2.1 JH4 mouse VH7183 LGDYYVDWFFAV (SEQ ID NO: 45) 12 musIGHV165 DFL16.1 JH1 mouse VH7183 NFPAWFAF (SEQ ID NO: 46) 8 musIGHV547 DST4.3inv JH3 mouse VJH558 NFPAWFAY (SEQ ID NO: 46) 8 musIGHV547 DSP2.1 JH3 mouse VJH558 NFPAWFVY (SEQ ID NO: 46) 8 musIGHV547 DSP2.1 JH3 mouse VJH558 SFTPVPFYYGYDWYFDV (SEQ ID NO: 47) 17 musIGHV532 DSP2.3 JH1 mouse VJH558 SFTPVPFYYGYDWYFDV (SEQ ID NO: 47) 17 musIGHV532 DSP2.3 JH1 mouse VJH558 SDYDWYFDV (SEQ ID NO: 48) 9 musIGHV286 DSP2.2 JH1 mouse VJH558 SDYDWYFDV (SEQ ID NO: 48) 9 musIGHV286 DSP2.2 JH1 mouse VJH558 DSKWAYYFDY (SEQ ID NO: 49) 10 musIGHV532 DST4.3 JH2 mouse VJH558 GDYTGYGMDY (SEQ ID NO: 50) 10 musIGHV125 DSP2.13 JH4 mouse VHSM7 GDYTGYGMDY (SEQ ID NO: 50) 10 musIGHV125 DSP2.13 JH4 mouse VHSM7 GGYDGYWFPY (SEQ ID NO: 51) 10 musIGHV125 DSP2.9 JH3 mouse VHSM7 CDR3 sequence, CDR3 length, VH family members and specific name, JH origin and DH origin of the clones is indicated.

TABLE-US-00005 TABLE 4 Vector combinations that were transfected to HEK293T. Combined Conc. Code HC vector LC vector vector Prep name (.mu.g/ml) A x 0817676_pSELECT_0815426 x PIGKV1-39/ -- (IGKV1-39) P1 B x 0817678_pSELECT_0815427 x PIGLV2-14/ -- (IGLV2-14) P1 C MV1110 0817676_pSELECT_0815426 x PMV1110/ 11.0 (IGKV1-39) IGKV1-39/P1 D MV1110 0817678_pSELECT_0815427 x PMV1110/ 15.4 (IGLV2-14) IGLV2-14/P1 E x x MG1494 MG1494/P2 16.1

TABLE-US-00006 TABLE 5 HLA allotypes considered in T.sub.H-epitope profiling. The corresponding serotypes are shown, as well as allotype frequencies in the Caucasian population (Klitz et al. (2003), Tissue Antigens 62: 296-307; Gjertson and Terasake (eds) in: HLA 1997; Gjertson and Terasake (eds) in: HLA 1998; Castelli et al. (2002), J. Immunol. 169: 6928-6934). Frequencies can add up to more than 100% since each individual has two alleles for each gene. If all allele frequencies of a single gene were known, they would add up to slightly less than 200% due to homozygous individuals. HLA type Serotype Population % DRB1*0101 DR1 17.4 DRB1*0102 DR1 4.9 DRB1*0301 DR17(3) 21.2 DRB1*0401 DR4 11.5 DRB1*0402 DR4 3.1 DRB1*0404 DR4 5.5 DRB1*0405 DR4 2.2 DRB1*0407 DR4 <2 DRB1*0701 DR7 23.4 DRB1*0801 DR8 3.3 DRB1*0802 DR8 <2 DRB1*0901 DR9 <2 DRB1*1101 DR11(5) 17 DRB1*1104 DR11(5) 5.7 DRB1*1201 DR12(5) 3.1 DRB1*1301 DR13(6) 15.4 DRB1*1302 DR13(6) 10.8 DRB1*1401 DR14(6) 4.2 DRB1*1501 DR15(2) 13.2 DRB1*1601 DR16(2) 5.5 DRB3*0101 DR52 24.6 DRB3*0202 DR52 43 DRB3*0301 DR52 10 DRB4*0101 DR53 25.5 DRB4*0103 DR53 21 DRB5*0101 DR51 15.8 DRB5*0202 DR51 5.7 DQA1*0101/DQB1*0501 DQ5(1) 20.5 DQA1*0102/DQB1*0502 DQ5(1) 2.6 DQA1*0102/DQB1*0602 DQ6(1) 26.5 DQA1*0102/DQB1*0604 DQ6(1) 6.7 DQA1*0103/DQB1*0603 DQ6(1) 11 DQA1*0104/DQB1*0503 DQ5(1) 4 DQA1*0201/DQB1*0202 DQ2 20.9 DQA1*0201/DQB1*0303 DQ9(3) 7.2 DQA1*0301/DQB1*0301 DQ7(3) 12.5 DQA1*0301/DQB1*0302 DQ8(3) 18.3 DQA1*0401/DQB1*0402 DQ4 4.5 DQA1*0501/DQB1*0201 DQ2 24.6 DQA1*0501/DQB1*0301 DQ7(3) 20.9 DPA1*0103/DPB1*0201 DPw2 19.9 DPA1*0103/DPB1*0401 DPw4 65.1 DPA1*0103/DPB1*0402 DPw4 24.3 DPA1*0201/DPB1*0101 DPw1 6.3 DPA1*0201/DPB1*0301 DPw3 <2 DPA1*0201/DPB1*0501 DPw5 <2 DPA1*0201/DPB1*0901 -- 2.4

TABLE-US-00007 TABLE 6 T.sub.H epitope counts for IGKV1-39. Peptides binding to multiple HLAs of the same group (DRB1, DRB3/4/5, DP, DQ) are counted as one. Values between brackets refer to germline-filtered peptides. DRB1 DRB3/4/5 DQ DP Strong Medium Strong Medium Strong Medium Strong Medium Merus IGKV1-39 0 (+6) 0 (+16) 0 (+0) 0 (+5) 0 (+3) 0 (+9) 0 (+0) 0 (+9)

TABLE-US-00008 TABLE 7 Mapping of Epibase .RTM. predictions for Merus IGKV1-39 in the classical 15-mer peptide format. Start Allotype 15 mer Position 15-mer sequence count Implicated serotypes 1 1 DIQMTQSPSSLSASV 6 DR1, DR4, DR7, DR9 2 4 MTQSPSSLSASVGDR 5 DR1, DR4, DR9 3 7 SPSSLSASVGDRVTI 0 4 10 SLSASVGDRVTITCR 0 5 13 ASVGDRVTITCRASQ 0 6 16 GDRVTITCRASQSIS 2 DR11(5), DR7 7 19 VTITCRASQSISSYL 4 DQ2, DR11(5), DR4, DR7 8 22 TCRASQSISSYLNWY 2 DQ2, DR4 9 25 ASQSISSYLNWYQQK 5 DR13(6), DR15(2), DR4 10 28 SISSYLNWYQQKPGK 8 DR12(5), DR13(6), DR15(2), DR16(2), DR4, DR8 11 31 SYLNWYQQKPGKAPK 10 DR1, DR12(5), DR16(2), DR4, DR51, DR8 12 34 NWYQQKPGKAPKLLI 9 DR1, DR15(2), DR4, DR51, DR8 13 37 QQKPGKAPKLLIYAA 7 DQ4, DR1, DR11(5), DR15(2), DR51, DR8 14 40 PGKAPKLLIYAASSL 7 DQ4, DR1, DR11(5), DR4, DR8 15 43 APKLLIYAASSLQSG 15 DR1, DR11(5), DR12(5), DR13(6), DR14(6), DR15(2), DR4, DR51, DR8, DR9 16 46 LLIYAASSLQSGVPS 15 DR1, DR11(5), DR12(5), DR13(6), DR14(6), DR15(2), DR4, DR51, DR8, DR9 17 49 YAASSLQSGVPSRFS 1 DR15(2) 18 52 SSLQSGVPSRFSGSG 1 DR15(2) 19 55 QSGVPSRFSGSGSGT 0 20 58 VPSRFSGSGSGTDFT 0 21 61 RFSGSGSGTDFTLTI 0 22 64 GSGSGTDFTLTISSL 1 DR52 23 67 SGTDFTLTISSLQPE 4 DR4, DR52, DR7, DR9 24 70 DFTLTISSLQPEDFA 4 DQ2, DR4, DR7, DR9 25 73 LTISSLQPEDFATYY 1 DQ2 26 76 SSLQPEDFATYYCQQ 0 27 79 QPEDFATYYCQQSYS 1 DR4 28 82 DFATYYCQQSYSTPP 5 DR4, DR51, DR7 29 85 TYYCQQSYSTPPTFG 4 DR4, DR51, DR7 30 88 CQQSYSTPPTFGQGT 0 31 91 SYSTPPTFGQGTKVE 0 32 94 TPPTFGQGTKVEIK 0 This table shows the allotype count of critical epitopes (SEQ ID NOs: 52-83) and implicated serotypes for each of the 15-mers spanning the Merus IGKV1-39 sequence.

TABLE-US-00009 TABLE 8 The V.sub.H gene from PG1433 paired with various light chain genes with differing rates of amino acid mutation were compared for production levels with the original clone containing the IGKV1-39 gene. Light Number of amino acid concentration IgG name chain gene mutations (.mu.g/ml) PG1433 1-39 0 63, 45.5, 38.6 (avg = 49) PG1631 1-12 4 10.5 PG1632 1-27 7 9.3 PG1634 1D-12 10 10.8 PG1635 1D-33 6 10.2 PG1642 1-5 8 7.1 PG1644 1-9 3 7.8 PG1650 1D-39 3 9.1 PG1652 2D-28 3 7.1 PG1653 3-15 14 7 PG1654 3-20 2 5.2 PG1674 1-40 7 8.2 PG1678 2-11 2 8.1 PG1680 2-14 15 10.8 PG1682 3-1 13 9.9 PG1683 6-57 6 13.9

TABLE-US-00010 TABLE 9 Numbers of lymphocytes harvested from the bone marrow and spleen of wild-type and transgenic mice *10e6/ml total vol total cells cells (ml) *10.sup.6 Bone Marrow Wt 18.82 5.05 95.0 Wt 19.24 4.96 95.4 CD19-Cre 23.42 5.08 119.0 CD19-Cre 20.58 4.82 99.2 CD19-Cre 25.77 5.15 132.7 CD19-Cre/HuVk1 17.71 5.06 89.6 CD19-Cre/HuVk1 12.60 5.33 67.2 CD19-Cre/HuVk1 18.13 5.27 95.5 Spleen Wt 41.70 5.36 223.5 Wt 37.85 4.71 178.3 CD19-Cre 60.19 3.77 226.9 CD19-Cre 35.06 3.66 128.3 CD19-Cre 80.69 4.60 371.2 CD19-Cre/HuVk1 51.67 4.48 231.5 CD19-Cre/HuVk1 58.80 6.24 366.9 CD19-Cre/HuVk1 24.37 6.25 152.3

Sequence CWU 1

1

102120DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 1ccctttccaa tctttatggg 20223DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 2aggtggattg gtgtcttttt ctc 23322DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 3gtcatgtcgg cgaccctacg cc 22420DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 4tgccaggggg aagaccgatg 20538DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 5gccggccatg gccgaggtrm agcttcagga gtcaggac 38638DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 6gccggccatg gccgaggtsc agctkcagca gtcaggac 38736DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 7gccggccatg gcccaggtgc agctgaagsa stcagg 36838DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 8gccggccatg gccgaggtgc agcttcagga gtcsggac 38938DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 9gccggccatg gccgargtcc agctgcaaca gtcyggac 381036DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 10gccggccatg gcccaggtcc agctkcagca atctgg 361136DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 11gccggccatg gcccagstbc agctgcagca gtctgg 361238DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 12gccggccatg gcccaggtyc agctgcagca gtctggrc 381336DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 13gccggccatg gcccaggtyc agctycagca gtctgg 361439DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 14gccggccatg gccgaggtcc arctgcaaca atctggacc 391537DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 15gccggccatg gcccaggtcc acgtgaagca gtctggg 371635DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 16gccggccatg gccgaggtga asstggtgga atctg 351735DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 17gccggccatg gccgavgtga agytggtgga gtctg 351838DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 18gccggccatg gccgaggtgc agskggtgga gtctgggg 381937DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 19gccggccatg gccgakgtgc amctggtgga gtctggg 372036DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 20gccggccatg gccgaggtga agctgatgga rtctgg 362138DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 21gccggccatg gccgaggtgc arcttgttga gtctggtg 382237DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 22gccggccatg gccgargtra agcttctcga gtctgga 372336DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 23gccggccatg gccgaagtga arsttgagga gtctgg 362437DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 24gccggccatg gccgaagtga tgctggtgga gtctggg 372538DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 25gccggccatg gcccaggtta ctctraaagw gtstggcc 382636DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 26gccggccatg gcccaggtcc aactvcagca rcctgg 362735DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 27gccggccatg gcccaggtyc arctgcagca gtctg 352836DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 28gccggccatg gccgatgtga acttggaagt gtctgg 362936DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 29gccggccatg gccgaggtga aggtcatcga gtctgg 363045DNAArtificial Sequenceprimermisc_feature(44)..(44)n is a, c, g, or t 30cagtcacaga tcctcgcgaa ttggcccagc cggccatggc csang 453145DNAArtificial Sequenceprimermisc_feature(44)..(44)n is a, c, g, or t 31cagtcacaga tcctcgcgaa ttggcccagc cggccatggc csanc 453237DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 32gggggtgtcg ttttggctga ggagacggtg accgtgg 373337DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 33gggggtgtcg ttttggctga ggagactgtg agagtgg 373437DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 34gggggtgtcg ttttggctgc agagacagtg accagag 373537DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 35gggggtgtcg ttttggctga ggagacggtg actgagg 373637DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 36gggggtgtcg ttttggctga ggagacggtg accgtgg 373737DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 37gggggtgtcg ttttggctga ggagacggtg acagtgg 373837DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 38gggggtgtcg ttttggctga ggagacggtg accagag 373937DNAArtificial Sequenceprimer 39gggggtgtcg ttttggctga ggagacggtg accgagg 374015PRTArtificial SequenceCDR3 40His Gly Ala Tyr Tyr Thr Tyr Asp Glu Lys Ala Trp Phe Ala Tyr 1 5 10 15 4115PRTArtificial SequenceCDR3 41His Gly Ala Phe Tyr Thr Tyr Asp Glu Lys Pro Trp Phe Ala Tyr 1 5 10 15 4215PRTArtificial SequenceCDR3 42His Ile Ser Tyr Tyr Arg Tyr Asp Glu Glu Val Ser Phe Ala Tyr 1 5 10 15 437PRTArtificial SequenceCDR3 43Gly Trp Arg Ala Phe Ala Tyr 1 5 4410PRTArtificial SequenceCDR3 44Asp Arg Gly Asn Tyr Tyr Gly Met Asp Tyr 1 5 10 4512PRTArtificial SequenceCDR3 45Leu Gly Asp Tyr Tyr Val Asp Trp Phe Phe Ala Val 1 5 10 468PRTArtificial SequenceCDR3 46Asn Phe Pro Ala Trp Phe Ala Phe 1 5 4717PRTArtificial SequenceCDR3 47Ser Phe Thr Pro Val Pro Phe Tyr Tyr Gly Tyr Asp Trp Tyr Phe Asp 1 5 10 15 Val 489PRTArtificial SequenceCDR3 48Ser Asp Tyr Asp Trp Tyr Phe Asp Val 1 5 4910PRTArtificial SequenceCDR3 49Asp Ser Lys Trp Ala Tyr Tyr Phe Asp Tyr 1 5 10 5010PRTArtificial SequenceCDR3 50Gly Asp Tyr Thr Gly Tyr Gly Met Asp Tyr 1 5 10 5110PRTArtificial SequenceCDR3 51Gly Gly Tyr Asp Gly Tyr Trp Phe Pro Tyr 1 5 10 5215PRTArtificial Sequenceepitope IGKV1-39 52Asp Ile Gln Met Thr Gln Ser Pro Ser Ser Leu Ser Ala Ser Val 1 5 10 15 5315PRTArtificial Sequenceepitope IGKV1-39 53Met Thr Gln Ser Pro Ser Ser Leu Ser Ala Ser Val Gly Asp Arg 1 5 10 15 5415PRTArtificial Sequenceepitope IGKV1-39 54Ser Pro Ser Ser Leu Ser Ala Ser Val Gly Asp Arg Val Thr Ile 1 5 10 15 5515PRTArtificial Sequenceepitope IGKV1-39 55Ser Leu Ser Ala Ser Val Gly Asp Arg Val Thr Ile Thr Cys Arg 1 5 10 15 5615PRTArtificial SequenceEpitope IGKV1-39 56Ala Ser Val Gly Asp Arg Val Thr Ile Thr Cys Arg Ala Ser Gln 1 5 10 15 5715PRTArtificial SequenceEpitope IGKV1-39 57Gly Asp Arg Val Thr Ile Thr Cys Arg Ala Ser Gln Ser Ile Ser 1 5 10 15 5815PRTArtificial SequenceEpitope IGKV1-39 58Val Thr Ile Thr Cys Arg Ala Ser Gln Ser Ile Ser Ser Tyr Leu 1 5 10 15 5915PRTArtificial SequenceEpitope IGKV1-39 59Thr Cys Arg Ala Ser Gln Ser Ile Ser Ser Tyr Leu Asn Trp Tyr 1 5 10 15 6015PRTArtificial SequenceEpitope IGKV1-39 60Ala Ser Gln Ser Ile Ser Ser Tyr Leu Asn Trp Tyr Gln Gln Lys 1 5 10 15 6115PRTArtificial SequenceEpitope IGKV1-39 61Ser Ile Ser Ser Tyr Leu Asn Trp Tyr Gln Gln Lys Pro Gly Lys 1 5 10 15 6215PRTArtificial SequenceEpitope IGKV1-39 62Ser Tyr Leu Asn Trp Tyr Gln Gln Lys Pro Gly Lys Ala Pro Lys 1 5 10 15 6315PRTArtificial SequenceEpitope IGKV1-39 63Asn Trp Tyr Gln Gln Lys Pro Gly Lys Ala Pro Lys Leu Leu Ile 1 5 10 15 6415PRTArtificial SequenceEpitope IGKV1-39 64Gln Gln Lys Pro Gly Lys Ala Pro Lys Leu Leu Ile Tyr Ala Ala 1 5 10 15 6515PRTArtificial SequenceEpitope IGKV1-39 65Pro Gly Lys Ala Pro Lys Leu Leu Ile Tyr Ala Ala Ser Ser Leu 1 5 10 15 6615PRTArtificial SequenceEpitope IGKV1-39 66Ala Pro Lys Leu Leu Ile Tyr Ala Ala Ser Ser Leu Gln Ser Gly 1 5 10 15 6715PRTArtificial SequenceEpitope IGKV1-39 67Leu Leu Ile Tyr Ala Ala Ser Ser Leu Gln Ser Gly Val Pro Ser 1 5 10 15 6815PRTArtificial SequenceEpitope IGKV1-39 68Tyr Ala Ala Ser Ser Leu Gln Ser Gly Val Pro Ser Arg Phe Ser 1 5 10 15 6915PRTArtificial SequenceEpitope IGKV1-39 69Ser Ser Leu Gln Ser Gly Val Pro Ser Arg Phe Ser Gly Ser Gly 1 5 10 15 7015PRTArtificial SequenceEpitope IGKV1-39 70Gln Ser Gly Val Pro Ser Arg Phe Ser Gly Ser Gly Ser Gly Thr 1 5 10 15 7115PRTArtificial SequenceEpitope IGKV1-39 71Val Pro Ser Arg Phe Ser Gly Ser Gly Ser Gly Thr Asp Phe Thr 1 5 10 15 7215PRTArtificial SequenceEpitope IGKV1-39 72Arg Phe Ser Gly Ser Gly Ser Gly Thr Asp Phe Thr Leu Thr Ile 1 5 10 15 7315PRTArtificial SequenceEpitope IGKV1-39 73Gly Ser Gly Ser Gly Thr Asp Phe Thr Leu Thr Ile Ser Ser Leu 1 5 10 15 7415PRTArtificial SequenceEpitope IGKV1-39 74Ser Gly Thr Asp Phe Thr Leu Thr Ile Ser Ser Leu Gln Pro Glu 1 5 10 15 7515PRTArtificial SequenceEpitope IGKV1-39 75Asp Phe Thr Leu Thr Ile Ser Ser Leu Gln Pro Glu Asp Phe Ala 1 5 10 15 7615PRTArtificial SequenceEpitope IGKV1-39 76Leu Thr Ile Ser Ser Leu Gln Pro Glu Asp Phe Ala Thr Tyr Tyr 1 5 10 15 7715PRTArtificial SequenceEpitope IGKV1-39 77Ser Ser Leu Gln Pro Glu Asp Phe Ala Thr Tyr Tyr Cys Gln Gln 1 5 10 15 7815PRTArtificial SequenceEpitope IGKV1-39 78Gln Pro Glu Asp Phe Ala Thr Tyr Tyr Cys Gln Gln Ser Tyr Ser 1 5 10 15 7915PRTArtificial SequenceEpitope IGKV1-39 79Asp Phe Ala Thr Tyr Tyr Cys Gln Gln Ser Tyr Ser Thr Pro Pro 1 5 10 15 8015PRTArtificial SequenceEpitope IGKV1-39 80Thr Tyr Tyr Cys Gln Gln Ser Tyr Ser Thr Pro Pro Thr Phe Gly 1 5 10 15 8115PRTArtificial SequenceEpitope IGKV1-39 81Cys Gln Gln Ser Tyr Ser Thr Pro Pro Thr Phe Gly Gln Gly Thr 1 5 10 15 8215PRTArtificial SequenceEpitope IGKV1-39 82Ser Tyr Ser Thr Pro Pro Thr Phe Gly Gln Gly Thr Lys Val Glu 1 5 10 15 8314PRTArtificial SequenceEpitope IGKV1-39 83Thr Pro Pro Thr Phe Gly Gln Gly Thr Lys Val Glu Ile Lys 1 5 10 84321DNAHomo sapiensCDS(1)..(321) 84gac atc cag atg acc cag agc ccc agc agc ctg agc gcc agc gtg ggc 48Asp Ile Gln Met Thr Gln Ser Pro Ser Ser Leu Ser Ala Ser Val Gly 1 5 10 15 gac aga gtg acc atc acc tgc aga gcc agc cag agc atc agc agc tac 96Asp Arg Val Thr Ile Thr Cys Arg Ala Ser Gln Ser Ile Ser Ser Tyr 20 25 30 ctg aac tgg tat cag cag aag ccc ggc aag gcc ccc aag ctg ctg atc 144Leu Asn Trp Tyr Gln Gln Lys Pro Gly Lys Ala Pro Lys Leu Leu Ile 35 40 45 tac gcc gcc agc tcc ctg cag agc ggc gtg ccc agc aga ttc agc ggc 192Tyr Ala Ala Ser Ser Leu Gln Ser Gly Val Pro Ser Arg Phe Ser Gly 50 55 60 agc ggc tcc ggc acc gac ttc acc ctg acc atc agc agc ctg cag ccc 240Ser Gly Ser Gly Thr Asp Phe Thr Leu Thr Ile Ser Ser Leu Gln Pro 65 70 75 80 gag gac ttc gcc acc tac tac tgc cag cag agc tac agc acc ccc ccc 288Glu Asp Phe Ala Thr Tyr Tyr Cys Gln Gln Ser Tyr Ser Thr Pro Pro 85 90 95 acc ttc ggc cag ggc acc aag gtg gag atc aag 321Thr Phe Gly Gln Gly Thr Lys Val Glu Ile Lys 100 105 85107PRTHomo sapiens 85Asp Ile Gln Met Thr Gln Ser Pro Ser Ser Leu Ser Ala Ser Val Gly 1 5 10 15 Asp Arg Val Thr Ile Thr Cys Arg Ala Ser Gln Ser Ile Ser Ser Tyr 20 25 30 Leu Asn Trp Tyr Gln Gln Lys Pro Gly Lys Ala Pro Lys Leu Leu Ile 35 40 45 Tyr Ala Ala Ser Ser Leu Gln Ser Gly Val Pro Ser Arg Phe Ser Gly 50 55 60 Ser Gly Ser Gly Thr Asp Phe Thr Leu Thr Ile Ser Ser Leu Gln Pro 65 70 75 80 Glu Asp Phe Ala Thr Tyr Tyr Cys Gln Gln Ser Tyr Ser Thr Pro Pro 85 90 95 Thr Phe Gly Gln Gly Thr Lys Val Glu Ile Lys 100 105 86330DNAHomo sapiensCDS(1)..(330) 86cag tct gcc ctg acc cag ccc gcc tct gtg tct ggc agc cct ggc cag 48Gln Ser Ala Leu Thr Gln Pro Ala Ser Val Ser Gly Ser Pro Gly Gln 1 5 10 15 agc atc acc atc agc tgc acc ggc acc agc agc gac gtg ggc ggc tac 96Ser Ile Thr Ile Ser Cys Thr Gly Thr Ser Ser Asp Val Gly Gly Tyr 20 25 30 aac tac gtg tcc tgg tat cag cag cac ccc ggc aag gcc ccc aag ctg 144Asn Tyr Val Ser Trp Tyr Gln Gln His Pro Gly Lys Ala Pro Lys Leu 35 40 45 atg atc tac gag gtg tcc aac aga ccc agc ggc gtg agc aac aga ttc 192Met Ile Tyr Glu Val Ser Asn Arg Pro Ser Gly Val Ser Asn Arg Phe 50 55 60 agc ggc agc aag agc ggc aac acc gcc agc ctg acc atc agc ggc ctc 240Ser Gly Ser Lys Ser Gly Asn Thr Ala Ser Leu Thr Ile Ser Gly Leu 65 70 75 80 cag gct gag gac gag gcc gac tac tac tgc agc agc tac acc agc agc 288Gln Ala Glu Asp Glu Ala Asp Tyr Tyr Cys Ser Ser Tyr Thr Ser Ser 85 90 95 tcc acc ctg gtg ttt ggc ggc gga aca aag ctg acc gtg ctg 330Ser Thr Leu Val Phe Gly Gly Gly Thr Lys Leu Thr Val Leu 100 105 110 87110PRTHomo sapiens 87Gln Ser Ala Leu Thr Gln Pro Ala Ser Val Ser Gly Ser Pro Gly Gln 1 5 10 15 Ser Ile Thr Ile Ser Cys Thr Gly Thr Ser Ser Asp Val Gly Gly Tyr 20 25 30 Asn Tyr Val Ser Trp Tyr Gln Gln His Pro Gly Lys Ala Pro Lys Leu 35 40 45 Met Ile Tyr Glu Val Ser Asn Arg Pro Ser Gly Val Ser Asn Arg Phe 50 55 60 Ser Gly Ser Lys Ser Gly Asn Thr Ala Ser Leu Thr Ile Ser Gly Leu 65 70 75 80 Gln Ala Glu Asp Glu Ala Asp Tyr Tyr Cys Ser Ser Tyr Thr Ser Ser 85 90 95 Ser Thr Leu Val Phe Gly Gly Gly Thr Lys Leu Thr Val Leu 100 105 110 88321DNARattus norvegicusCDS(1)..(321) 88aga gcc gac gcc gct ccc acc gtg tcc atc ttc ccc ccc agc atg gaa 48Arg Ala Asp Ala Ala Pro Thr Val Ser Ile Phe Pro Pro Ser Met Glu 1 5 10 15 cag ctg acc tct ggc gga gcc acc gtg gtc tgc ttc gtg aac aac ttc 96Gln Leu Thr Ser Gly Gly Ala Thr Val Val Cys Phe Val Asn Asn Phe 20 25 30 tac ccc aga gac atc agc gtg aag tgg aag atc gac ggc agc gag cag 144Tyr Pro Arg Asp Ile Ser Val Lys Trp Lys Ile Asp Gly Ser Glu Gln 35 40 45 agg gac ggc gtg ctg gac agc gtg acc gac cag gac agc aag gac tcc 192Arg Asp Gly Val Leu Asp Ser Val Thr Asp Gln Asp Ser Lys Asp Ser 50 55 60 acc tac agc atg agc agc acc ctg agc ctg acc aag gtg gag tac gag 240Thr Tyr Ser Met Ser Ser Thr Leu Ser Leu Thr Lys Val Glu Tyr Glu 65 70 75 80 agg cac aac ctg tac acc tgc gag gtg gtg cac aag acc agc tcc agc 288Arg His Asn Leu Tyr Thr Cys Glu Val Val His Lys Thr Ser Ser Ser 85 90 95 ccc gtg gtc aag tcc ttc aac cgg aac gag tgt 321Pro Val Val Lys Ser Phe Asn Arg Asn Glu Cys 100 105 89107PRTRattus norvegicus 89Arg Ala Asp Ala Ala Pro Thr Val Ser Ile Phe Pro Pro Ser Met Glu 1 5 10 15 Gln Leu Thr Ser Gly Gly Ala Thr Val Val Cys Phe Val Asn Asn Phe 20 25 30 Tyr Pro Arg Asp Ile Ser Val Lys Trp Lys Ile Asp Gly Ser Glu Gln 35 40 45 Arg Asp Gly Val Leu Asp Ser Val Thr Asp Gln Asp Ser Lys Asp Ser 50 55 60 Thr Tyr Ser Met Ser Ser

Thr Leu Ser Leu Thr Lys Val Glu Tyr Glu 65 70 75 80 Arg His Asn Leu Tyr Thr Cys Glu Val Val His Lys Thr Ser Ser Ser 85 90 95 Pro Val Val Lys Ser Phe Asn Arg Asn Glu Cys 100 105 90865DNAArtificial SequenceIGKV1-39/J-Ck 90ggtaccgcgg ccgccaccat ggacatgaga gtgcccgccc agctcctggg gctcctgcta 60ctctggctcc gaggtaagga tggagaacac taggaattta ctcagccagt gtgctcagta 120ctgactggaa cttcagggaa gttctctgat aacatgatta atagtaagaa tatttgtttt 180tatgtttcca atctcaggtg ccagatgtga catccagatg acccagagcc ccagcagcct 240gagcgccagc gtgggcgaca gagtgaccat cacctgcaga gccagccaga gcatcagcag 300ctacctgaac tggtatcagc agaagcccgg caaggccccc aagctgctga tctacgccgc 360 cagctccctg cagagcggcg tgcccagcag attcagcggc agcggctccg gcaccgactt 420caccctgacc atcagcagcc tgcagcccga ggacttcgcc acctactact gccagcagag 480 ctacagcacc ccccccacct tcggccaggg caccaaggtg gagatcaaga gagccgacgc 540cgctcccacc gtgtccatct tcccccccag catggaacag ctgacctctg gcggagccac 600cgtggtctgc ttcgtgaaca acttctaccc cagagacatc agcgtgaagt ggaagatcga 660cggcagcgag cagagggacg gcgtgctgga cagcgtgacc gaccaggaca gcaaggactc 720cacctacagc atgagcagca ccctgagcct gaccaaggtg gagtacgaga ggcacaacct 780gtacacctgc gaggtggtgc acaagaccag ctccagcccc gtggtcaagt ccttcaaccg 840 gaacgagtgt tgagctagcg agctc 86591874DNAArtificial SequenceIGLV2-14/J-Ck 91ggtaccgcgg ccgccaccat ggacatgaga gtgcccgccc agctcctggg gctcctgcta 60ctctggctcc gaggtaagga tggagaacac taggaattta ctcagccagt gtgctcagta 120ctgactggaa cttcagggaa gttctctgat aacatgatta atagtaagaa tatttgtttt 180tatgtttcca atctcaggtg ccagatgtca gtctgccctg acccagcccg cctctgtgtc 240tggcagccct ggccagagca tcaccatcag ctgcaccggc accagcagcg acgtgggcgg 300ctacaactac gtgtcctggt atcagcagca ccccggcaag gcccccaagc tgatgatcta 360cgaggtgtcc aacagaccca gcggcgtgag caacagattc agcggcagca agagcggcaa 420caccgccagc ctgaccatca gcggcctcca ggctgaggac gaggccgact actactgcag 480cagctacacc agcagctcca ccctggtgtt tggcggcgga acaaagctga ccgtgctgag 540agccgacgcc gctcccaccg tgtccatctt cccccccagc atggaacagc tgacctctgg 600cggagccacc gtggtctgct tcgtgaacaa cttctacccc agagacatca gcgtgaagtg 660gaagatcgac ggcagcgagc agagggacgg cgtgctggac agcgtgaccg accaggacag 720caaggactcc acctacagca tgagcagcac cctgagcctg accaaggtgg agtacgagag 780gcacaacctg tacacctgcg aggtggtgca caagaccagc tccagccccg tggtcaagtc 840cttcaaccgg aacgagtgtt gagctagcga gctc 8749213373DNAArtificial SequenceVkP-IGKV1-39/J-Ck 92ggccggccca catgaaacaa tgggaaccat gtgacaatca cagaggtgtt gttactatag 60caaaagggat tgttactctc cacatccctt taagtaactt gaaggcctga tagacccacc 120ctctaagact tcattagaca ttccctacga atggttatac tctcctgtat actcccaata 180caactctaaa atatattatt ccatatagtc cttaggtttg tattaaagtt tgactttttt 240ccttcaaaat atctcttgtc acaacagcgg ctctagagag aaatacattc cctccaggca 300aatctatgct gcgctggtct gacctgggac cctggggaca ttgcccctgt gctgagttac 360taagatgagc cagccctgca gctgtgctca gcctgcccca tgccctgctg attgatttgc 420atgttccaga gcacagcccc ctgccctgaa gactttttta tgggctggtc gcaccctgtg 480caggagtcag tctcagtcag gagccaccat ggacatgaga gtgcccgccc agctcctggg 540gctcctgcta ctctggctcc gaggtaagga tggagaacac taggaattta ctcagccagt 600gtgctcagta ctgactggaa cttcagggaa gttctctgat aacatgatta atagtaagaa 660tatttgtttt tatgtttcca atctcaggtg ccagatgtga catccagatg acccagagcc 720ccagcagcct gagcgccagc gtgggcgaca gagtgaccat cacctgcaga gccagccaga 780gcatcagcag ctacctgaac tggtatcagc agaagcccgg caaggccccc aagctgctga 840tctacgccgc cagctccctg cagagcggcg tgcccagcag attcagcggc agcggctccg 900gcaccgactt caccctgacc atcagcagcc tgcagcccga ggacttcgcc acctactact 960gccagcagag ctacagcacc ccccccacct tcggccaggg caccaaggtg gagatcaaac 1020gtaagtacac ttttctcatc tttttttatg tgtaagacac aggttttcat gttaggagtt 1080aaagtcagtt cagaaaatct tgagaaaatg gagagggctc attatcagtt gacgtggcat 1140acagtgtcag attttctgtt tatcaagcta gtgagattag gggcaaaaag aggctttagt 1200tgagaggaaa gtaattaata ctatggtcac catccaagag attggatcgg agaataagca 1260tgagtagtta ttgagatctg ggtctgactg caggtagcgt ggtcttctag acgtttaagt 1320gggagatttg gaggggatga ggaatgaagg aacttcagga tagaaaaggg ctgaagtcaa 1380gttcagctcc taaaatggat gtgggagcaa actttgaaga taaactgaat gacccagagg 1440atgaaacagc gcagatcaaa gaggggcctg gagctctgag aagagaagga gactcatccg 1500tgttgagttt ccacaagtac tgtcttgagt tttgcaataa aagtgggata gcagagttga 1560gtgagccgta ggctgagttc tctcttttgt ctcctaagtt tttatgacta caaaaatcag 1620tagtatgtcc tgaaataatc attaagctgt ttgaaagtat gactgcttgc catgtagata 1680ccatggcttg ctgaataatc agaagaggtg tgactcttat tctaaaattt gtcacaaaat 1740gtcaaaatga gagactctgt aggaacgagt ccttgacaga cagctcaagg ggtttttttc 1800ctttgtctca tttctacatg aaagtaaatt tgaaatgatc ttttttatta taagagtaga 1860aatacagttg ggtttgaact atatgtttta atggccacgg ttttgtaaga catttggtcc 1920tttgttttcc cagttattac tcgattgtaa ttttatatcg ccagcaatgg actgaaacgg 1980tccgcaacct cttctttaca actgggtgac ctcgcggctg tgccagccat ttggcgttca 2040ccctgccgct aagggccatg tgaacccccg cggtagcatc ccttgctccg cgtggaccac 2100tttcctgagg cacagtgata ggaacagagc cactaatctg aagagaacag agatgtgaca 2160gactacacta atgtgagaaa aacaaggaaa gggtgactta ttggagattt cagaaataaa 2220atgcatttat tattatattc ccttatttta attttctatt agggaattag aaagggcata 2280aactgcttta tccagtgtta tattaaaagc ttaatgtata taatctttta gaggtaaaat 2340ctacagccag caaaagtcat ggtaaatatt ctttgactga actctcacta aactcctcta 2400aattatatgt catattaact ggttaaatta atataaattt gtgacatgac cttaactggt 2460taggtaggat atttttcttc atgcaaaaat atgactaata ataatttagc acaaaaatat 2520ttcccaatac tttaattctg tgatagaaaa atgtttaact cagctactat aatcccataa 2580ttttgaaaac tatttattag cttttgtgtt tgacccttcc ctagccaaag gcaactattt 2640aaggaccctt taaaactctt gaaactactt tagagtcatt aagttattta accactttta 2700attactttaa aatgatgtca attccctttt aactattaat ttattttaag gggggaaagg 2760ctgctcataa ttctattgtt tttcttggta aagaactctc agttttcgtt tttactacct 2820ctgtcaccca agagttggca tctcaacaga ggggactttc cgagaggcca tctggcagtt 2880gcttaagatc agaagtgaag tctgccagtt cctcccaggc aggtggccca gattacagtt 2940gacctgttct ggtgtggcta aaaattgtcc catgtggtta caaaccatta gaccagggtc 3000tgatgaattg ctcagaatat ttctggacac ccaaatacag accctggctt aaggccctgt 3060ccatacagta ggtttagctt ggctacacca aaggaagcca tacagaggct aatatcagag 3120tattcttgga agagacagga gaaaatgaaa gccagtttct gctcttacct tatgtgcttg 3180tgttcagact cccaaacatc aggagtgtca gataaactgg tctgaatctc tgtctgaagc 3240atggaactga aaagaatgta gtttcaggga agaaaggcaa tagaaggaag cctgagaata 3300tcttcaaagg gtcagactca atttactttc taaagaagta gctaggaact agggaataac 3360ttagaaacaa caagattgta tatatgtgca tcctggcccc attgttcctt atctgtaggg 3420ataagcgtgc ttttttgtgt gtctgtatat aacataactg tttacacata atacactgaa 3480atggagccct tccttgttac ttcataccat cctctgtgct tccttcctca ggggccgacg 3540ccgctcccac cgtgtccatc ttccccccca gcatggaaca gctgacctct ggcggagcca 3600ccgtggtctg cttcgtgaac aacttctacc ccagagacat cagcgtgaag tggaagatcg 3660acggcagcga gcagagggac ggcgtgctgg acagcgtgac cgaccaggac agcaaggact 3720ccacctacag catgagcagc accctgagcc tgaccaaggt ggagtacgag aggcacaacc 3780tgtacacctg cgaggtggtg cacaagacca gctccagccc cgtggtcaag tccttcaacc 3840ggaacgagtg ttgaagacaa aggtcctgag acgccaccac cagctcccca gctccatcct 3900atcttccctt ctaaggtctt ggaggcttcc ccacaagcga cctaccactg ttgcggtgct 3960ccaaacctcc tccccacctc cttctcctcc tcctcccttt ccttggcttt tatcatgcta 4020atatttgcag aaaatattca ataaagtgag tctttgcact tgagatctct gtctttctta 4080ctaaatggta gtaatcagtt gtttttccag ttacctgggt ttctcttcta aagaagttaa 4140atgtttagtt gccctgaaat ccaccacact taaaggataa ataaaaccct ccacttgccc 4200tggttggctg tccactacat ggcagtcctt tctaaggttc acgagtacta ttcatggctt 4260atttctctgg gccatggtag gtttgaggag gcatacttcc tagttttctt cccctaagtc 4320gtcaaagtcc tgaaggggga cagtctttac aagcacatgt tctgtaatct gattcaacct 4380acccagtaaa cttggcgaag caaagtagaa tcattatcac aggaagcaaa ggcaacctaa 4440atgtgcaagc aataggaaaa tgtggaagcc catcatagta cttggacttc atctgctttt 4500gtgccttcac taagttttta aacatgagct ggctcctatc tgccattggc aaggctgggc 4560actacccaca acctacttca aggacctcta taccgtgaga ttacacacat acatcaaaat 4620ttgggaaaag ttctaccaag ctgagagctg atcaccccac tcttaggtgc ttatctctgt 4680acaccagaaa ccttaagaag caaccagtat tgagagactc atttatgaaa gtctaaaact 4740ggatacaacc aaaatgtcca ccaacagtta aattatgaca tgttcacaat tgagctatta 4800cttaataagg agaattaata aaataaaact taagagcata gtttaatctc ataaacaaga 4860taataagcaa aacaaaacat tttttcatcc atgtaagttt aaaagcaggt aaaatttaaa 4920attaagagag acataagttt tgaggtagca agatggaaac tctggggctt ggggaatgtt 4980ctgtctctct gtatgggatg tgaaagttac tattgtggaa ttgggatcta tgttcttcct 5040gtatatattg tatacttcat aataacttca cctaaagaaa tatctaatac ccagtgcata 5100cataaaagag gatacaagga atgaatcata cgtcaaggcc agaaagacaa taaagtaggg 5160gatccaggat caaatctccc acaaccttga gccttctact attctgcctt ccagagctca 5220aagtacaaaa cacataattc aaacacatga tccctccttg gggtctcttc cttcatgcat 5280cgaattagaa atagccatgt ataaaatgag atagaagaga ccttcatcaa caggtcaaag 5340aatataggta attttgtctg ggtatgaaga gcccacgtat caaaggttac attagggaag 5400gaagaggaca ctaacagtga ctttcattct ccccctcttc ctggaggccc ctgcatttag 5460tccctcgtgg gctcatccac tcagcacaca tttactaagc atcttctcag cctacactct 5520gaaggcagtg cagaataatg ttagtgtccc ttcccccagt taatatgcag tccagtttcc 5580ctgctccttc cctttctcag tccacataag gatgatggga aaggacagtc accaaatagg 5640agagggcaac cctttgcctt cctacctctt gagaatgtac attattatcc actttttgaa 5700acttctttta attgcttttt tttaatttgt cttttcaaat agcataacct tgttcatcca 5760tttctgggaa ccaaatttat caatcaacag tgcctctaat ctggctatta atacaaaaat 5820gcctcctcaa aatatatatg ttcgagtctt atctaaaaca gaacccacaa taaaaaagaa 5880gaaagaatac atataagcat ttatataatt ctgagcaacc ttgtgctttg tgaaaaaaat 5940ataatctaat gtcacatgct gtattctttt tatttaacac tggtgaaatt ataccattag 6000agagaaagag gacagatcac tgatcctagg atctagggat gttacagata agaaaacaaa 6060tgtgacaaag agctgtcaca aggaggatct tcaaggtcac agaatcactg tcttgatttc 6120agtggtggtt acatacattt aaatatgtga taaaatgttg ttgaactata ttcatatatt 6180gtaccaatgt caaatgctta attttggctc tatagtataa ttatgcacta aataactatt 6240tggacaaaga aaatgatgtt tacatcaaag gtgaggccat atttgttagg aacataactt 6300aaaaaccatt ttggataact aatgaaaagc cattttgtgt gccttggcat atcatgccta 6360agctgtcacc agatagatct aataagacct aagcctcaga agcaagcccc tgcccagcaa 6420gcaggcagca cagataagag ctaaacccag gacaggccat gatatgctaa tgaactacct 6480tcaaggtggt gttgctgacc tagtgaacca gccccaagct gtgagcccca atagcacaaa 6540gctactgccc aaagaaatta tacaaaaatt ggaactttgg gaatggtgtg caggatcgct 6600ctgctgtatg cctggaacac agcttctcta tgttttgtat tgataccagt ctagaagctt 6660ccaaaacttt ctcactgaag aagattcccc atgtgggacc cctacagact cttttgccca 6720aacaactgct tccctcctgg tgtgatatct gttttgcttt tatgttagca taatattata 6780aggaatgttt gtgtgaataa accaaacata ttttaaaagc aaatattgta tgcacatcct 6840aattgctaaa aagtttacag ctaatagtcc catgctctcc acaatactgg atccaaataa 6900gtcctaattt caatgttggg catctttaca gagagaaaga cattaaaaat gaagagacat 6960gcagagagtg caccatgcca tcgtggagac agactgaagt gacacaactg ttagtcaaag 7020aggattaagg acttccagaa gccaccaaag gaaggaggta tgaagtggtt tctccctcag 7080agtatccaga ggagactaaa ccaaccaaca cctttttgct taagacttct tgccttcagg 7140actgtgagaa ggtagcttcc tattgttcta agccccagta tgtggcattt tgttaaggta 7200gagtcaagaa accaataaaa tgcagacaga caaaaggata gctgagtttt ccaggccctt 7260ccttcttatt tttggttttg ttggtggtgg tggtggtggt ggtgatggtg gtggttttgt 7320ttatgttttg tttggggagt tttttggggt ttttttgggt tttgtttttg ttgttgtttt 7380gggggttttt gttgttgttg ttgtttgctt ttttgttttt tgttttttgt ttttttgaga 7440cagtgtttct ctgtatagcc ctggctgtcc tggagttcct tctatctcta atgtctacat 7500ctcagagggg atcctctaat ttcaaatgag cagtagctct ccatttttag ctcttattta 7560ttcatttatt tacttactta cttattgtct gtagatgaaa gaattttgga gtgggaaagg 7620gttcatgagc ccccagcaac taatgaggag ctacagacaa ttgatgtttc tggggaaagg 7680agactcagtt tctttgagag tatagcttct gatgggtcaa ccatgttcct gtggctgatg 7740tcacacccag gagtatgcag acaacagaaa ctggagttaa tgagttgttt taaaaataaa 7800aaagggcatg aagcttggga tagaaattaa ggataaatac aattaaatac aggaaattct 7860gaaagaatta ataaaaacat ttcttttttt aaaaaaaaat ccagaattag ctatgcttct 7920tcaaaattgc ttctggagaa ctttacaagt taaataagtt atattgtaga aaaggtagag 7980aggagaatag tggaagagag agataaggag acttcaaaag gagtggaggg agatagagga 8040ggagaaagca gaagcaatgg ctgatagaca caggataaga gggaacagaa aggagaaaga 8100ggaagccagg atgggtattt ctttgcctat ctgtgacttg cacatggtct tggcaattat 8160tgatgagttc aaggcttaat tcttcacttg tgccaactca acagagtctt tctttcttat 8220aaccaggccc ccagtatgct catgtatgta tcaggtcctc ttatctcctt atagcaatcc 8280tgtttataac tgggtaactt tgtgaaggga aggaagtgca cactgagatg tgctacaact 8340ttttaataca aaattttgaa gagtttgtac aatgtatgta taattaataa ttaatattat 8400gcactttaga ttttgatttc aactcaagat actaattcta tatatatggg ttaaatcaat 8460atattaataa gtttaatttc acatgcttat ttttattgtg gttttcgaga cagggtttct 8520ctgtatagcc ctggctgtcc tggaacccac tttgtagacc aggctggcct caaactcaga 8580aacctacctg cctctgcctc tgcctctgcc tctgcctctg cctctgcctc tgcctctgcc 8640tctgcctctg cctctgcctc tgcctctgcc tctgcctctg cctctgcctc tgcctctgcc 8700tctgcctctg cctctgcctc tgcctctgcc tctgcctctg cctctgcctc tgcctctgcc 8760tctgcctagt gctggaatta aaggtttgcg ccaccacgcc cggtgaaatt tttaaacttt 8820atatatgtct cattctattt ctatcagata ggactgtgta gactgtgcta aactaataaa 8880tgtgccctca aaagtaatcg caagttgtat tgttgttgtt ttgctttgct ttgctttgct 8940ttgctttgct ttgctttgct ttgctttgct ttgctttgct ttgctttgct ttgctttgct 9000ttgctttgct ttgctttgct ttgctttttt gttttgggtt tttttccggg ggagggaggg 9060tggagaaaga atcttactat gaagctctga ctgtcctggg aactcactat atagatcagg 9120cttgattcaa ctcatagaga tctgccttct tctgcctccc aagtgctggg aataaaggca 9180tacacctcca tgcccagata gtgatcccaa gttttagcaa aagtttctag acttgacatt 9240aatcgatgga gatagacatg aattacacaa agaactaatg tggagtttac ctgaatcata 9300ctctatactt tatcagagat taaattaaca tttaataatc cagtgccagg ctagaggcac 9360cattcaatgg cagtgtttgc catcatgcat aggcttagtc ttcagtgctg aaaggcattg 9420ggggcaatat tactcattat acagatgaga aactgggaaa gacttgcctc agattctcta 9480ctgaaaggct gagtttgtgg cttctagaaa atcttttact ttcaatattt ttaatgtata 9540atttttttat ttccactgat tttatttttt atttttaaca tttataagaa ataaatgcaa 9600taaaccaaat acatggacaa aaaaatacaa gaatcatatg atcacctcaa tggaaggaaa 9660aaaaaagaaa gaaaaagtct ttgataagat tcaacattca ttcttttttt attagatatt 9720ttcttcattt acatttcaaa tgctatcccc aaagccccct ataccttccc ctgccctgct 9780ccccaaccca cccactcctg ctttctggcc ctggcattcc tctgtactga ggcatatgat 9840cttcaaaaaa ccaagggcct ctcctctcat tggtggccga ctattaggcc atcttttgct 9900acatatgcaa ctagagacac agctctgggg gttactggtt agttcatatt gttagtcctc 9960ctatagagtt gcagacccct ttagctcctt ggatactttc tctagttcct tcattagggg 10020ccctgtgtcc catccaatag atgactgtga gcatccactt ctgtatttgc caggcactgg 10080catagcctca cgagaaagag agagctatgt caggatcctg tcagtaaaat ctttctggca 10140tatgcaatag tatctgggtt tggtggttgt atatgggatg gatccccaag tggagcagtc 10200tctgaatggt ccttccttcc atctcagctc caaactttgt ctctataact ccttccatgg 10260gtattttgtt ccccattcta agaaggagtg aagaatccac actttggtct tccttcttct 10320tgagtttcat atgttgcatc ttggatattc taagtttctg ggttaatatc cacgtatcag 10380tgagtgcata tcatgcgtgt tattttgtga ttagtttacc tcactcagga tgatatcctc 10440cagatgcatc catttgccta agaatttcat taattcactg tttttaattg ctgaatagta 10500ctccattgtg taaatgtacc acattttctg tatccattcc tctgttgagg ggcatctggg 10560ttctttccag cttctggcta ttataaataa ggctgctatg agcatagcgg agcatgtgtc 10620cttatcaagt tggaacatct tctaggtata tgcccaggag aggaattgct ggatcttccg 10680gtagtaccat caacatgcat tcttaataaa agccctagaa caaggaggac tgtaggaaac 10740atattccaac ataataaagg ttatgtatga caaactcatg accaatatca tcctaaatga 10800atgaaaccat taataagctc cattaaaatc agaggactgc ccactatccc tacttctcat 10860ccataatgag attgaagcat tagctggagc aataaggcaa gagaagggat acaaatggga 10920aaatattaag tcaaattgtt ttcaattgaa gattatatta tcttataccc aatgacctca 10980aattttgact agaaaaattg tagaaattat caataatttc agcaaagtgt tatgatgcac 11040cacatcctta ttcttctccc cagcttctgc ttgcttctct cttcttgctc ttcatccttt 11100ctgtccttcc atctgcctgc actcttgtct caagactgag tgcagcgtgt aactctcctg 11160tgactgagta tctcacaaaa cgttctacct gccaaacctg gatgagccct ttgtctttct 11220gaagctatga ggctctctac atagactcaa gaaggaaatg acagggagga ggtaataatg 11280aagtggggaa ggctgacatt agcattgctc ctgtgtggct ccttaatttc tcatacttca 11340cactgagatg ttattaactg tgactcatag gtgaagaagc cagagctaag gttctcatat 11400ttgagtgtta tagaatgagt agagcagtag ttctcaaact atgggtcatg actcctttat 11460gggtcaaact accctttcac acaggttgca tatcagatat cctaatttta tatacatata 11520tatatgcata tgtatatata tatatttcac aacagtagga aaattattta gtaatcattt 11580tatagttgtg ggtcatggca acatgaggaa ctgtattaaa gggttgcagc attaggaatg 11640ttgagaccca ctgtaataga gaatgaggct taaggcaggg ctataaagcc caatggacca 11700tgtgcctttt ccaacatttg ccacatggta agctctgtat agacttttta aagaacattg 11760gtttgtaatt ttaaatggat aagggtcttc actgtctatc acccatctat ataataaata 11820cataagtttt gattccacca tggattcaaa tgcaaaaatc ctcaacctaa gacatagcag 11880tgaaacattg atgaccaaat aggaaatcca tgtagagacc ttctatcttc tgatggctcc 11940acaggcacca tcttgcaaca gagttctact ttgctaccag taatgaatac agtgtctcaa 12000ctcctgccat tgaatcttca ggaagcccct gaaatgactt gtactacacc atttcttaaa 12060gacagaaaag ctaagactta gagggaataa atgtcatgcc tgagatcatg caaccaatta 12120agtccaactt ggcctgatca agaggcacaa ttcaaaagca atgttgttcc ttcactagct 12180cttgtgtatg gttgctgatt ccggaagcaa agtatcagtg aatatcccta gtgggaaaag 12240acttggaaat caaatgtctc atttaacaga ttaggagatg aaacggtaga ctctgtgtag 12300ttgtacaccc ctgtgatccc atcgctagga agactgaggc aggaagtcct cgagctcaaa 12360ccagcttagg ctacacagag aaactatcta aaaaataatt actaactact taataggaga 12420ttggatgtta agatctggtc actaagaggc agaattgaga ttcgaagcca gtattttcta 12480cctggtatgt tttaaattgc agtaaggatc taagtgtaga tatataataa taagattcta 12540ttgatctctg caacaacaga gagtgttaga tttgtttgga aaaaaatatt atcagccaac 12600atcttctacc atttcagtat agcacagagt acccacccat atctccccac ccatccccca 12660taccagactg gttattgatt ttcatggtga ctggcctgag aagattaaaa aaagtaatgc 12720taccttattg ggagtgtccc atggaccaag atagcaactg tcatagctac cgtcacactg 12780ctttgatcaa gaagaccctt tgaggaactg aaaacagaac cttaggcaca tctgttgctt 12840tcgctcccat cctcctccaa cagcctgggt ggtgcactcc

acaccctttc aagtttccaa 12900agcctcatac acctgctccc taccccagca cctggccaag gctgtatcca gcactgggat 12960gaaaatgata ccccacctcc atcttgtttg atattactct atctcaagcc ccaggttagt 13020ccccagtccc aatgcttttg cacagtcaaa actcaacttg gaataatcag tatccttgaa 13080gagttctgat atggtcactg ggcccatata ccatgtaaga catgtggaaa agatgtttca 13140tggggcccag acacgttcta gaagtacctg agagtggcaa aaaatagttg tgctaaatag 13200tttggccatc tttaggctga gagactagga aatacagcga tggactatat cagcattgca 13260ggatagttgt cagtaaacac cccacaaccc ataacagaag tattctcttc tttctatatc 13320ccttttccat ccatgtagat ggctgtcttc atatttgttc tagacggccg gcc 133739312892DNAArtificial SequenceVkP-IGKV1-39/J-Ck-delta1 93ggccggccca catgaaacaa tgggaaccat gtgacaatca cagaggtgtt gttactatag 60caaaagggat tgttactctc cacatccctt taagtaactt gaaggcctga tagacccacc 120ctctaagact tcattagaca ttccctacga atggttatac tctcctgtat actcccaata 180caactctaaa atatattatt ccatatagtc cttaggtttg tattaaagtt tgactttttt 240ccttcaaaat atctcttgtc acaacagcgg ctctagagag aaatacattc cctccaggca 300aatctatgct gcgctggtct gacctgggac cctggggaca ttgcccctgt gctgagttac 360taagatgagc cagccctgca gctgtgctca gcctgcccca tgccctgctg attgatttgc 420atgttccaga gcacagcccc ctgccctgaa gactttttta tgggctggtc gcaccctgtg 480caggagtcag tctcagtcag gagccaccat ggacatgaga gtgcccgccc agctcctggg 540gctcctgcta ctctggctcc gaggtaagga tggagaacac taggaattta ctcagccagt 600gtgctcagta ctgactggaa cttcagggaa gttctctgat aacatgatta atagtaagaa 660tatttgtttt tatgtttcca atctcaggtg ccagatgtga catccagatg acccagagcc 720ccagcagcct gagcgccagc gtgggcgaca gagtgaccat cacctgcaga gccagccaga 780gcatcagcag ctacctgaac tggtatcagc agaagcccgg caaggccccc aagctgctga 840tctacgccgc cagctccctg cagagcggcg tgcccagcag attcagcggc agcggctccg 900gcaccgactt caccctgacc atcagcagcc tgcagcccga ggacttcgcc acctactact 960gccagcagag ctacagcacc ccccccacct tcggccaggg caccaaggtg gagatcaaac 1020gtaagtacac ttttctcatc tttttttatg tgtaagacac aggttttcat gttaggagtt 1080aaagtcagtt cagaaaatct tgagaaaatg gagagggctc attatcagtt gacgtggcat 1140acagtgtcag attttctgtt tatcaagcta gtgagattag gggcaaaaag aggctttagt 1200tgagaggaaa gtaattaata ctatggtcac catccaagag attggatcgg agaataagca 1260tgagtagtta ttgagatctg ggtctgactg caggtagcgt ggtcttctag acgtttaagt 1320gggagatttg gaggggatga ggaatgaagg aacttcagga tagaaaaggg ctgaagtcaa 1380gttcagctcc taaaatggat gtgggagcaa actttgaaga taaactgaat gacccagagg 1440atgaaacagc gcagatcaaa gaggggcctg gagctctgag aagagaagga gactcatccg 1500tgttgagttt ccacaagtac tgtcttgagt tttgcaataa aagtgggata gcagagttga 1560gtgagccgta ggctgagttc tctcttttgt ctcctaagtt tttatgacta caaaaatcag 1620tagtatgtcc tgaaataatc attaagctgt ttgaaagtat gactgcttgc catgtagata 1680ccatggcttg ctgaataatc agaagaggtg tgactcttat tctaaaattt gtcacaaaat 1740gtcaaaatga gagactctgt aggaacgagt ccttgacaga cagctcaagg ggtttttttc 1800ctttgtctca tttctacatg aaagtaaatt tgaaatgatc ttttttatta taagagtaga 1860aatacagttg ggtttgaact atatgtttta atggccacgg ttttgtaaga catttggtcc 1920tttgttttcc cagttattac tcgattgtaa ttttatatcg ccagcaatgg actgaaacgg 1980tccgcaacct cttctttaca actgggtgac ctcgcggctg tgccagccat ttggcgttca 2040ccctgccgct aagggccatg tgaacccccg cggtagcatc ccttgctccg cgtggaccac 2100tttcctgagg cacagtgata ggaacagagc cactaatctg aagagaacag agatgtgaca 2160gactacacta atgtgagaaa aacaaggaaa gggtgactta ttggagattt cagaaataaa 2220atgcatttat tattatattc ccttatttta attttctatt agggaattag aaagggcata 2280aactgcttta tccagtgtta tattaaaagc ttaatgtata taatctttta gaggtaaaat 2340ctacagccag caaaagtcat ggtaaatatt ctttgactga actctcacta aactcctcta 2400aattatatgt catattaact ggttaaatta atataaattt gtgacatgac cttaactggt 2460taggtaggat atttttcttc atgcaaaaat atgactaata ataatttagc acaaaaatat 2520ttcccaatac tttaattctg tgatagaaaa atgtttaact cagctactat aatcccataa 2580ttttgaaaac tatttatttg gctacaccaa aggaagccat acagaggcta atatcagagt 2640attcttggaa gagacaggag aaaatgaaag ccagtttctg ctcttacctt atgtgcttgt 2700gttcagactc ccaaacatca ggagtgtcag ataaactggt ctgaatctct gtctgaagca 2760tggaactgaa aagaatgtag tttcagggaa gaaaggcaat agaaggaagc ctgagaatat 2820cttcaaaggg tcagactcaa tttactttct aaagaagtag ctaggaacta gggaataact 2880tagaaacaac aagattgtat atatgtgcat cctggcccca ttgttcctta tctgtaggga 2940taagcgtgct tttttgtgtg tctgtatata acataactgt ttacacataa tacactgaaa 3000tggagccctt ccttgttact tcataccatc ctctgtgctt ccttcctcag gggccgacgc 3060cgctcccacc gtgtccatct tcccccccag catggaacag ctgacctctg gcggagccac 3120cgtggtctgc ttcgtgaaca acttctaccc cagagacatc agcgtgaagt ggaagatcga 3180cggcagcgag cagagggacg gcgtgctgga cagcgtgacc gaccaggaca gcaaggactc 3240cacctacagc atgagcagca ccctgagcct gaccaaggtg gagtacgaga ggcacaacct 3300gtacacctgc gaggtggtgc acaagaccag ctccagcccc gtggtcaagt ccttcaaccg 3360gaacgagtgt tgaagacaaa ggtcctgaga cgccaccacc agctccccag ctccatccta 3420tcttcccttc taaggtcttg gaggcttccc cacaagcgac ctaccactgt tgcggtgctc 3480caaacctcct ccccacctcc ttctcctcct cctccctttc cttggctttt atcatgctaa 3540tatttgcaga aaatattcaa taaagtgagt ctttgcactt gagatctctg tctttcttac 3600taaatggtag taatcagttg tttttccagt tacctgggtt tctcttctaa agaagttaaa 3660tgtttagttg ccctgaaatc caccacactt aaaggataaa taaaaccctc cacttgccct 3720ggttggctgt ccactacatg gcagtccttt ctaaggttca cgagtactat tcatggctta 3780tttctctggg ccatggtagg tttgaggagg catacttcct agttttcttc ccctaagtcg 3840tcaaagtcct gaagggggac agtctttaca agcacatgtt ctgtaatctg attcaaccta 3900cccagtaaac ttggcgaagc aaagtagaat cattatcaca ggaagcaaag gcaacctaaa 3960tgtgcaagca ataggaaaat gtggaagccc atcatagtac ttggacttca tctgcttttg 4020tgccttcact aagtttttaa acatgagctg gctcctatct gccattggca aggctgggca 4080ctacccacaa cctacttcaa ggacctctat accgtgagat tacacacata catcaaaatt 4140tgggaaaagt tctaccaagc tgagagctga tcaccccact cttaggtgct tatctctgta 4200caccagaaac cttaagaagc aaccagtatt gagagactca tttatgaaag tctaaaactg 4260gatacaacca aaatgtccac caacagttaa attatgacat gttcacaatt gagctattac 4320ttaataagga gaattaataa aataaaactt aagagcatag tttaatctca taaacaagat 4380aataagcaaa acaaaacatt ttttcatcca tgtaagttta aaagcaggta aaatttaaaa 4440ttaagagaga cataagtttt gaggtagcaa gatggaaact ctggggcttg gggaatgttc 4500tgtctctctg tatgggatgt gaaagttact attgtggaat tgggatctat gttcttcctg 4560tatatattgt atacttcata ataacttcac ctaaagaaat atctaatacc cagtgcatac 4620ataaaagagg atacaaggaa tgaatcatac gtcaaggcca gaaagacaat aaagtagggg 4680atccaggatc aaatctccca caaccttgag ccttctacta ttctgccttc cagagctcaa 4740agtacaaaac acataattca aacacatgat ccctccttgg ggtctcttcc ttcatgcatc 4800gaattagaaa tagccatgta taaaatgaga tagaagagac cttcatcaac aggtcaaaga 4860atataggtaa ttttgtctgg gtatgaagag cccacgtatc aaaggttaca ttagggaagg 4920aagaggacac taacagtgac tttcattctc cccctcttcc tggaggcccc tgcatttagt 4980ccctcgtggg ctcatccact cagcacacat ttactaagca tcttctcagc ctacactctg 5040aaggcagtgc agaataatgt tagtgtccct tcccccagtt aatatgcagt ccagtttccc 5100tgctccttcc ctttctcagt ccacataagg atgatgggaa aggacagtca ccaaatagga 5160gagggcaacc ctttgccttc ctacctcttg agaatgtaca ttattatcca ctttttgaaa 5220cttcttttaa ttgctttttt ttaatttgtc ttttcaaata gcataacctt gttcatccat 5280ttctgggaac caaatttatc aatcaacagt gcctctaatc tggctattaa tacaaaaatg 5340cctcctcaaa atatatatgt tcgagtctta tctaaaacag aacccacaat aaaaaagaag 5400aaagaataca tataagcatt tatataattc tgagcaacct tgtgctttgt gaaaaaaata 5460taatctaatg tcacatgctg tattcttttt atttaacact ggtgaaatta taccattaga 5520gagaaagagg acagatcact gatcctagga tctagggatg ttacagataa gaaaacaaat 5580gtgacaaaga gctgtcacaa ggaggatctt caaggtcaca gaatcactgt cttgatttca 5640gtggtggtta catacattta aatatgtgat aaaatgttgt tgaactatat tcatatattg 5700taccaatgtc aaatgcttaa ttttggctct atagtataat tatgcactaa ataactattt 5760ggacaaagaa aatgatgttt acatcaaagg tgaggccata tttgttagga acataactta 5820aaaaccattt tggataacta atgaaaagcc attttgtgtg ccttggcata tcatgcctaa 5880gctgtcacca gatagatcta ataagaccta agcctcagaa gcaagcccct gcccagcaag 5940caggcagcac agataagagc taaacccagg acaggccatg atatgctaat gaactacctt 6000caaggtggtg ttgctgacct agtgaaccag ccccaagctg tgagccccaa tagcacaaag 6060ctactgccca aagaaattat acaaaaattg gaactttggg aatggtgtgc aggatcgctc 6120tgctgtatgc ctggaacaca gcttctctat gttttgtatt gataccagtc tagaagcttc 6180caaaactttc tcactgaaga agattcccca tgtgggaccc ctacagactc ttttgcccaa 6240acaactgctt ccctcctggt gtgatatctg ttttgctttt atgttagcat aatattataa 6300ggaatgtttg tgtgaataaa ccaaacatat tttaaaagca aatattgtat gcacatccta 6360attgctaaaa agtttacagc taatagtccc atgctctcca caatactgga tccaaataag 6420tcctaatttc aatgttgggc atctttacag agagaaagac attaaaaatg aagagacatg 6480cagagagtgc accatgccat cgtggagaca gactgaagtg acacaactgt tagtcaaaga 6540ggattaagga cttccagaag ccaccaaagg aaggaggtat gaagtggttt ctccctcaga 6600gtatccagag gagactaaac caaccaacac ctttttgctt aagacttctt gccttcagga 6660ctgtgagaag gtagcttcct attgttctaa gccccagtat gtggcatttt gttaaggtag 6720agtcaagaaa ccaataaaat gcagacagac aaaaggatag ctgagttttc caggcccttc 6780cttcttattt ttggttttgt tggtggtggt ggtggtggtg gtgatggtgg tggttttgtt 6840tatgttttgt ttggggagtt ttttggggtt tttttgggtt ttgtttttgt tgttgttttg 6900ggggtttttg ttgttgttgt tgtttgcttt tttgtttttt gttttttgtt tttttgagac 6960agtgtttctc tgtatagccc tggctgtcct ggagttcctt ctatctctaa tgtctacatc 7020tcagagggga tcctctaatt tcaaatgagc agtagctctc catttttagc tcttatttat 7080tcatttattt acttacttac ttattgtctg tagatgaaag aattttggag tgggaaaggg 7140ttcatgagcc cccagcaact aatgaggagc tacagacaat tgatgtttct ggggaaagga 7200gactcagttt ctttgagagt atagcttctg atgggtcaac catgttcctg tggctgatgt 7260cacacccagg agtatgcaga caacagaaac tggagttaat gagttgtttt aaaaataaaa 7320aagggcatga agcttgggat agaaattaag gataaataca attaaataca ggaaattctg 7380aaagaattaa taaaaacatt tcttttttta aaaaaaaatc cagaattagc tatgcttctt 7440caaaattgct tctggagaac tttacaagtt aaataagtta tattgtagaa aaggtagaga 7500ggagaatagt ggaagagaga gataaggaga cttcaaaagg agtggaggga gatagaggag 7560gagaaagcag aagcaatggc tgatagacac aggataagag ggaacagaaa ggagaaagag 7620gaagccagga tgggtatttc tttgcctatc tgtgacttgc acatggtctt ggcaattatt 7680gatgagttca aggcttaatt cttcacttgt gccaactcaa cagagtcttt ctttcttata 7740accaggcccc cagtatgctc atgtatgtat caggtcctct tatctcctta tagcaatcct 7800gtttataact gggtaacttt gtgaagggaa ggaagtgcac actgagatgt gctacaactt 7860tttaatacaa aattttgaag agtttgtaca atgtatgtat aattaataat taatattatg 7920cactttagat tttgatttca actcaagata ctaattctat atatatgggt taaatcaata 7980tattaataag tttaatttca catgcttatt tttattgtgg ttttcgagac agggtttctc 8040tgtatagccc tggctgtcct ggaacccact ttgtagacca ggctggcctc aaactcagaa 8100acctacctgc ctctgcctct gcctctgcct ctgcctctgc ctctgcctct gcctctgcct 8160ctgcctctgc ctctgcctct gcctctgcct ctgcctctgc ctctgcctct gcctctgcct 8220ctgcctctgc ctctgcctct gcctctgcct ctgcctctgc ctctgcctct gcctctgcct 8280ctgcctagtg ctggaattaa aggtttgcgc caccacgccc ggtgaaattt ttaaacttta 8340tatatgtctc attctatttc tatcagatag gactgtgtag actgtgctaa actaataaat 8400gtgccctcaa aagtaatcgc aagttgtatt gttgttgttt tgctttgctt tgctttgctt 8460tgctttgctt tgctttgctt tgctttgctt tgctttgctt tgctttgctt tgctttgctt 8520tgctttgctt tgctttgctt tgcttttttg ttttgggttt ttttccgggg gagggagggt 8580ggagaaagaa tcttactatg aagctctgac tgtcctggga actcactata tagatcaggc 8640ttgattcaac tcatagagat ctgccttctt ctgcctccca agtgctggga ataaaggcat 8700acacctccat gcccagatag tgatcccaag ttttagcaaa agtttctaga cttgacatta 8760atcgatggag atagacatga attacacaaa gaactaatgt ggagtttacc tgaatcatac 8820tctatacttt atcagagatt aaattaacat ttaataatcc agtgccaggc tagaggcacc 8880attcaatggc agtgtttgcc atcatgcata ggcttagtct tcagtgctga aaggcattgg 8940gggcaatatt actcattata cagatgagaa actgggaaag acttgcctca gattctctac 9000tgaaaggctg agtttgtggc ttctagaaaa tcttttactt tcaatatttt taatgtataa 9060tttttttatt tccactgatt ttatttttta tttttaacat ttataagaaa taaatgcaat 9120aaaccaaata catggacaaa aaaatacaag aatcatatga tcacctcaat ggaaggaaaa 9180aaaaagaaag aaaaagtctt tgataagatt caacattcat tcttttttta ttagatattt 9240tcttcattta catttcaaat gctatcccca aagcccccta taccttcccc tgccctgctc 9300cccaacccac ccactcctgc tttctggccc tggcattcct ctgtactgag gcatatgatc 9360ttcaaaaaac caagggcctc tcctctcatt ggtggccgac tattaggcca tcttttgcta 9420catatgcaac tagagacaca gctctggggg ttactggtta gttcatattg ttagtcctcc 9480tatagagttg cagacccctt tagctccttg gatactttct ctagttcctt cattaggggc 9540cctgtgtccc atccaataga tgactgtgag catccacttc tgtatttgcc aggcactggc 9600atagcctcac gagaaagaga gagctatgtc aggatcctgt cagtaaaatc tttctggcat 9660atgcaatagt atctgggttt ggtggttgta tatgggatgg atccccaagt ggagcagtct 9720ctgaatggtc cttccttcca tctcagctcc aaactttgtc tctataactc cttccatggg 9780tattttgttc cccattctaa gaaggagtga agaatccaca ctttggtctt ccttcttctt 9840gagtttcata tgttgcatct tggatattct aagtttctgg gttaatatcc acgtatcagt 9900gagtgcatat catgcgtgtt attttgtgat tagtttacct cactcaggat gatatcctcc 9960agatgcatcc atttgcctaa gaatttcatt aattcactgt ttttaattgc tgaatagtac 10020tccattgtgt aaatgtacca cattttctgt atccattcct ctgttgaggg gcatctgggt 10080tctttccagc ttctggctat tataaataag gctgctatga gcatagcgga gcatgtgtcc 10140ttatcaagtt ggaacatctt ctaggtatat gcccaggaga ggaattgctg gatcttccgg 10200tagtaccatc aacatgcatt cttaataaaa gccctagaac aaggaggact gtaggaaaca 10260tattccaaca taataaaggt tatgtatgac aaactcatga ccaatatcat cctaaatgaa 10320tgaaaccatt aataagctcc attaaaatca gaggactgcc cactatccct acttctcatc 10380cataatgaga ttgaagcatt agctggagca ataaggcaag agaagggata caaatgggaa 10440aatattaagt caaattgttt tcaattgaag attatattat cttataccca atgacctcaa 10500attttgacta gaaaaattgt agaaattatc aataatttca gcaaagtgtt atgatgcacc 10560acatccttat tcttctcccc agcttctgct tgcttctctc ttcttgctct tcatcctttc 10620tgtccttcca tctgcctgca ctcttgtctc aagactgagt gcagcgtgta actctcctgt 10680gactgagtat ctcacaaaac gttctacctg ccaaacctgg atgagccctt tgtctttctg 10740aagctatgag gctctctaca tagactcaag aaggaaatga cagggaggag gtaataatga 10800agtggggaag gctgacatta gcattgctcc tgtgtggctc cttaatttct catacttcac 10860actgagatgt tattaactgt gactcatagg tgaagaagcc agagctaagg ttctcatatt 10920tgagtgttat agaatgagta gagcagtagt tctcaaacta tgggtcatga ctcctttatg 10980ggtcaaacta ccctttcaca caggttgcat atcagatatc ctaattttat atacatatat 11040atatgcatat gtatatatat atatttcaca acagtaggaa aattatttag taatcatttt 11100atagttgtgg gtcatggcaa catgaggaac tgtattaaag ggttgcagca ttaggaatgt 11160tgagacccac tgtaatagag aatgaggctt aaggcagggc tataaagccc aatggaccat 11220gtgccttttc caacatttgc cacatggtaa gctctgtata gactttttaa agaacattgg 11280tttgtaattt taaatggata agggtcttca ctgtctatca cccatctata taataaatac 11340ataagttttg attccaccat ggattcaaat gcaaaaatcc tcaacctaag acatagcagt 11400gaaacattga tgaccaaata ggaaatccat gtagagacct tctatcttct gatggctcca 11460caggcaccat cttgcaacag agttctactt tgctaccagt aatgaataca gtgtctcaac 11520tcctgccatt gaatcttcag gaagcccctg aaatgacttg tactacacca tttcttaaag 11580acagaaaagc taagacttag agggaataaa tgtcatgcct gagatcatgc aaccaattaa 11640gtccaacttg gcctgatcaa gaggcacaat tcaaaagcaa tgttgttcct tcactagctc 11700ttgtgtatgg ttgctgattc cggaagcaaa gtatcagtga atatccctag tgggaaaaga 11760cttggaaatc aaatgtctca tttaacagat taggagatga aacggtagac tctgtgtagt 11820tgtacacccc tgtgatccca tcgctaggaa gactgaggca ggaagtcctc gagctcaaac 11880cagcttaggc tacacagaga aactatctaa aaaataatta ctaactactt aataggagat 11940tggatgttaa gatctggtca ctaagaggca gaattgagat tcgaagccag tattttctac 12000ctggtatgtt ttaaattgca gtaaggatct aagtgtagat atataataat aagattctat 12060tgatctctgc aacaacagag agtgttagat ttgtttggaa aaaaatatta tcagccaaca 12120tcttctacca tttcagtata gcacagagta cccacccata tctccccacc catcccccat 12180accagactgg ttattgattt tcatggtgac tggcctgaga agattaaaaa aagtaatgct 12240accttattgg gagtgtccca tggaccaaga tagcaactgt catagctacc gtcacactgc 12300tttgatcaag aagacccttt gaggaactga aaacagaacc ttaggcacat ctgttgcttt 12360cgctcccatc ctcctccaac agcctgggtg gtgcactcca caccctttca agtttccaaa 12420gcctcataca cctgctccct accccagcac ctggccaagg ctgtatccag cactgggatg 12480aaaatgatac cccacctcca tcttgtttga tattactcta tctcaagccc caggttagtc 12540cccagtccca atgcttttgc acagtcaaaa ctcaacttgg aataatcagt atccttgaag 12600agttctgata tggtcactgg gcccatatac catgtaagac atgtggaaaa gatgtttcat 12660ggggcccaga cacgttctag aagtacctga gagtggcaaa aaatagttgt gctaaatagt 12720ttggccatct ttaggctgag agactaggaa atacagcgat ggactatatc agcattgcag 12780gatagttgtc agtaaacacc ccacaaccca taacagaagt attctcttct ttctatatcc 12840cttttccatc catgtagatg gctgtcttca tatttgttct agacggccgg cc 12892946425DNAArtificial SequenceVkP-IGKV1-39/J-Ck-delta2 94ggccggccca catgaaacaa tgggaaccat gtgacaatca cagaggtgtt gttactatag 60caaaagggat tgttactctc cacatccctt taagtaactt gaaggcctga tagacccacc 120ctctaagact tcattagaca ttccctacga atggttatac tctcctgtat actcccaata 180caactctaaa atatattatt ccatatagtc cttaggtttg tattaaagtt tgactttttt 240ccttcaaaat atctcttgtc acaacagcgg ctctagagag aaatacattc cctccaggca 300aatctatgct gcgctggtct gacctgggac cctggggaca ttgcccctgt gctgagttac 360taagatgagc cagccctgca gctgtgctca gcctgcccca tgccctgctg attgatttgc 420atgttccaga gcacagcccc ctgccctgaa gactttttta tgggctggtc gcaccctgtg 480caggagtcag tctcagtcag gagccaccat ggacatgaga gtgcccgccc agctcctggg 540gctcctgcta ctctggctcc gaggtaagga tggagaacac taggaattta ctcagccagt 600gtgctcagta ctgactggaa cttcagggaa gttctctgat aacatgatta atagtaagaa 660tatttgtttt tatgtttcca atctcaggtg ccagatgtga catccagatg acccagagcc 720ccagcagcct gagcgccagc gtgggcgaca gagtgaccat cacctgcaga gccagccaga 780gcatcagcag ctacctgaac tggtatcagc agaagcccgg caaggccccc aagctgctga 840tctacgccgc cagctccctg cagagcggcg tgcccagcag attcagcggc agcggctccg 900gcaccgactt caccctgacc atcagcagcc tgcagcccga ggacttcgcc acctactact 960gccagcagag ctacagcacc ccccccacct tcggccaggg caccaaggtg gagatcaaac 1020gtaagtacac ttttctcatc tttttttatg tgtaagacac aggttttcat gttaggagtt 1080aaagtcagtt cagaaaatct tgagaaaatg gagagggctc attatcagtt gacgtggcat 1140acagtgtcag attttctgtt tatcaagcta gtgagattag gggcaaaaag aggctttagt 1200tgagaggaaa gtaattaata ctatggtcac catccaagag attggatcgg agaataagca 1260tgagtagtta ttgagatctg ggtctgactg caggtagcgt ggtcttctag acgtttaagt 1320gggagatttg gaggggatga ggaatgaagg aacttcagga tagaaaaggg ctgaagtcaa 1380gttcagctcc taaaatggat gtgggagcaa actttgaaga taaactgaat gacccagagg 1440atgaaacagc gcagatcaaa gaggggcctg gagctctgag aagagaagga gactcatccg 1500tgttgagttt ccacaagtac tgtcttgagt

tttgcaataa aagtgggata gcagagttga 1560gtgagccgta ggctgagttc tctcttttgt ctcctaagtt tttatgacta caaaaatcag 1620tagtatgtcc tgaaataatc attaagctgt ttgaaagtat gactgcttgc catgtagata 1680ccatggcttg ctgaataatc agaagaggtg tgactcttat tctaaaattt gtcacaaaat 1740gtcaaaatga gagactctgt aggaacgagt ccttgacaga cagctcaagg ggtttttttc 1800ctttgtctca tttctacatg aaagtaaatt tgaaatgatc ttttttatta taagagtaga 1860aatacagttg ggtttgaact atatgtttta atggccacgg ttttgtaaga catttggtcc 1920tttgttttcc cagttattac tcgattgtaa ttttatatcg ccagcaatgg actgaaacgg 1980tccgcaacct cttctttaca actgggtgac ctcgcggctg tgccagccat ttggcgttca 2040ccctgccgct aagggccatg tgaacccccg cggtagcatc ccttgctccg cgtggaccac 2100tttcctgagg cacagtgata ggaacagagc cactaatctg aagagaacag agatgtgaca 2160gactacacta atgtgagaaa aacaaggaaa gggtgactta ttggagattt cagaaataaa 2220atgcatttat tattatattc ccttatttta attttctatt agggaattag aaagggcata 2280aactgcttta tccagtgtta tattaaaagc ttaatgtata taatctttta gaggtaaaat 2340ctacagccag caaaagtcat ggtaaatatt ctttgactga actctcacta aactcctcta 2400aattatatgt catattaact ggttaaatta atataaattt gtgacatgac cttaactggt 2460taggtaggat atttttcttc atgcaaaaat atgactaata ataatttagc acaaaaatat 2520ttcccaatac tttaattctg tgatagaaaa atgtttaact cagctactat aatcccataa 2580ttttgaaaac tatttatttg gctacaccaa aggaagccat acagaggcta atatcagagt 2640attcttggaa gagacaggag aaaatgaaag ccagtttctg ctcttacctt atgtgcttgt 2700gttcagactc ccaaacatca ggagtgtcag ataaactggt ctgaatctct gtctgaagca 2760tggaactgaa aagaatgtag tttcagggaa gaaaggcaat agaaggaagc ctgagaatat 2820cttcaaaggg tcagactcaa tttactttct aaagaagtag ctaggaacta gggaataact 2880tagaaacaac aagattgtat atatgtgcat cctggcccca ttgttcctta tctgtaggga 2940taagcgtgct tttttgtgtg tctgtatata acataactgt ttacacataa tacactgaaa 3000tggagccctt ccttgttact tcataccatc ctctgtgctt ccttcctcag gggccgacgc 3060cgctcccacc gtgtccatct tcccccccag catggaacag ctgacctctg gcggagccac 3120cgtggtctgc ttcgtgaaca acttctaccc cagagacatc agcgtgaagt ggaagatcga 3180cggcagcgag cagagggacg gcgtgctgga cagcgtgacc gaccaggaca gcaaggactc 3240cacctacagc atgagcagca ccctgagcct gaccaaggtg gagtacgaga ggcacaacct 3300gtacacctgc gaggtggtgc acaagaccag ctccagcccc gtggtcaagt ccttcaaccg 3360gaacgagtgt tgaagacaaa ggtcctgaga cgccaccacc agctccccag ctccatccta 3420tcttcccttc taaggtcttg gaggcttccc cacaagcgac ctaccactgt tgcggtgctc 3480caaacctcct ccccacctcc ttctcctcct cctccctttc cttggctttt atcatgctaa 3540tatttgcaga aaatattcaa taaagtgagt ctttgcactt gagatctctg tctttcttac 3600taaatggtag taatcagttg tttttccagt tacctgggtt tctcttctaa agaagttaaa 3660tgtttagttg ccctgaaatc caccacactt aaaggataaa taaaaccctc cacttgccct 3720ggttggctgt ccactacatg gcagtccttt ctaaggttca cgagtactat tcatggctta 3780tttctctggg ccatggtagg tttgaggagg catacttcct agttttcttc ccctaagtcg 3840tcaaagtcct gaagggggac agtctttaca agcacatgtt ctgtaatctg attcaaccta 3900cccagtaaac ttggcgaagc aaagtagaat cattatcaca ggaagcaaag gcaacctaaa 3960tgtgcaagca ataggaaaat gtggaagccc atcatagtac ttggacttca tctgcttttg 4020tgccttcact aagtttttaa acatgagctg gctcctatct gccattggca aggctgggca 4080ctacccacaa cctacttcaa ggacctctat accgtgagat tacacacata catcaaaatt 4140tgggaaaagt tctaccaagc tgagagctga tcaccccact cttaggtgct tatctctgta 4200caccagaaac cttaagaagc aaccagtatt gagagactca tttatgaaag tctaaaactg 4260gatacaacca aaatgtccac caacagttaa attatgacat gttcacaatt gagctattac 4320ttaataagga gaattaataa aataaaactt aagagcatag tttaatctca taaacaagat 4380aataagcaaa acaaaacatt ttttcatcca tgtaagttta aaagcaggta aaatttaaaa 4440ttaagagaga cataagtttt gaggtagcaa gatggaaact ctggggcttg gggaatgttc 4500tgtctctctg tatgggatgt gaaagttact attgtggaat tgggatctat gttcttcctg 4560tatatattgt atacttcata ataacttcac ctaaagaaat atctaatacc cagtgcatac 4620ataaaagagg atacaaggaa tgaatcatac gtcaaggcca gaaagacaat aaagtagggg 4680atccaggatc aaatctccca caaccttgag ccttctacta ttctgccttc cagagctcaa 4740agtacaaaac acataattca aacacatgat ccctccttgg ggtctcttcc ttcatgcatc 4800gaattagaaa tagccatgta taaaatgaga tagaagagac cttcatcaac aggtcaaaga 4860atataggtaa ttttgtctgg gtatgaagag cccacgtatc aaaggttaca ttagggaagg 4920aagaggacac taacagtgac tttcattctc cccctcttcc tggaggcccc tgcatttagt 4980ccctcgtggg ctcatccact cagcacacat ttactaagca tcttctcagc ctacactctg 5040aaggcagtgc agaataatgt tagtgtccct tcccccagtt aatatgcagt ccagtttccc 5100tgctccttcc ctttctcagt ccacataagg atgatgggaa aggacagtca ccaaatagga 5160gagggcaacc ctttgccttc ctacctcttg agaatgtaca ttattatcca ctttttgaaa 5220cttcttttaa ttgctttttt ttaatttgtc ttttcaaata gcataacctt gttcatccat 5280ttctgggaac caaatttatc aatcaacagt gcctctaatc tggctattaa tacaaaaatg 5340cctcctcaaa atatatatgt tcgagtctta tctaaaacag aacccacaat aaaaaagaag 5400aaagaataca tataagcatt tatataattc tgagcaacct tgtgctttgt gaaaaaaata 5460taatctaatg tcacatgctg tattcttttt atttaacact ggtgaaatta taccattaga 5520gagaaagagg acagatcact gatcctagga tctagggatg ttacagataa gaaaacaaat 5580gtgacaaaga gctgtcacaa ggaggatctt caaggtcaca gaatcactgt cttgatttca 5640gtggtggtta catacattta aatatgtgat aaaatgttgt tgaactatat tcatatattg 5700taccaatgtc aaatgcttaa ttttggctct atagtataat tatgcactaa ataactattt 5760ggacaaagaa aatgatgttt acatcaaagg tgaggccata tttgttagga acataactta 5820aaaaccattt tggataacta atgaaaagcc attttgtgtg ccttggcata tcatgcctaa 5880gctgtcacca gatagatcta ataagaccta agcctcagaa gcaagcccct gcccagcaag 5940caggcagcac agataagagc taaacccagg acaggccatg atatgctaat gaactacctt 6000caaggtggtg ttgctgacct agtgaaccag ccccaagctg tgagccccaa tagcacaaag 6060ctactgccca aagaaattat acaaaaattg gaactttggg aatggtgtgc aggatcgctc 6120tgctgtatgc ctggaacaca gcttctctat gttttgtatt gataccagtc tagaagcttc 6180caaaactttc tcactgaaga agattcccca tgtgggaccc ctacagactc ttttgcccaa 6240acaactgctt ccctcctggt gtgatcatgg accaagatag caactgtcat agctaccgtc 6300acactgcttt gatcaagaag accctttgag gaactgaaaa cagaacctta ggcacatctg 6360ttgctttcgc tcccatcctc ctccaacagc atggctgtct tcatatttgt tctagacggc 6420cggcc 64259513382DNAArtificial SequenceVkP-IGLV2-14/J-Ck 95ggccggccca catgaaacaa tgggaaccat gtgacaatca cagaggtgtt gttactatag 60caaaagggat tgttactctc cacatccctt taagtaactt gaaggcctga tagacccacc 120ctctaagact tcattagaca ttccctacga atggttatac tctcctgtat actcccaata 180caactctaaa atatattatt ccatatagtc cttaggtttg tattaaagtt tgactttttt 240ccttcaaaat atctcttgtc acaacagcgg ctctagagag aaatacattc cctccaggca 300aatctatgct gcgctggtct gacctgggac cctggggaca ttgcccctgt gctgagttac 360taagatgagc cagccctgca gctgtgctca gcctgcccca tgccctgctg attgatttgc 420atgttccaga gcacagcccc ctgccctgaa gactttttta tgggctggtc gcaccctgtg 480caggagtcag tctcagtcag gagccaccat ggacatgaga gtgcccgccc agctcctggg 540gctcctgcta ctctggctcc gaggtaagga tggagaacac taggaattta ctcagccagt 600gtgctcagta ctgactggaa cttcagggaa gttctctgat aacatgatta atagtaagaa 660tatttgtttt tatgtttcca atctcaggtg ccagatgtca gtctgccctg acccagcccg 720cctctgtgtc tggcagccct ggccagagca tcaccatcag ctgcaccggc accagcagcg 780acgtgggcgg ctacaactac gtgtcctggt atcagcagca ccccggcaag gcccccaagc 840tgatgatcta cgaggtgtcc aacagaccca gcggcgtgag caacagattc agcggcagca 900agagcggcaa caccgccagc ctgaccatca gcggcctcca ggctgaggac gaggccgact 960actactgcag cagctacacc agcagctcca ccctggtgtt tggcggcgga acaaagctga 1020ccgtgctgcg taagtacact tttctcatct ttttttatgt gtaagacaca ggttttcatg 1080ttaggagtta aagtcagttc agaaaatctt gagaaaatgg agagggctca ttatcagttg 1140acgtggcata cagtgtcaga ttttctgttt atcaagctag tgagattagg ggcaaaaaga 1200ggctttagtt gagaggaaag taattaatac tatggtcacc atccaagaga ttggatcgga 1260gaataagcat gagtagttat tgagatctgg gtctgactgc aggtagcgtg gtcttctaga 1320cgtttaagtg ggagatttgg aggggatgag gaatgaagga acttcaggat agaaaagggc 1380tgaagtcaag ttcagctcct aaaatggatg tgggagcaaa ctttgaagat aaactgaatg 1440acccagagga tgaaacagcg cagatcaaag aggggcctgg agctctgaga agagaaggag 1500actcatccgt gttgagtttc cacaagtact gtcttgagtt ttgcaataaa agtgggatag 1560cagagttgag tgagccgtag gctgagttct ctcttttgtc tcctaagttt ttatgactac 1620aaaaatcagt agtatgtcct gaaataatca ttaagctgtt tgaaagtatg actgcttgcc 1680atgtagatac catggcttgc tgaataatca gaagaggtgt gactcttatt ctaaaatttg 1740tcacaaaatg tcaaaatgag agactctgta ggaacgagtc cttgacagac agctcaaggg 1800gtttttttcc tttgtctcat ttctacatga aagtaaattt gaaatgatct tttttattat 1860aagagtagaa atacagttgg gtttgaacta tatgttttaa tggccacggt tttgtaagac 1920atttggtcct ttgttttccc agttattact cgattgtaat tttatatcgc cagcaatgga 1980ctgaaacggt ccgcaacctc ttctttacaa ctgggtgacc tcgcggctgt gccagccatt 2040tggcgttcac cctgccgcta agggccatgt gaacccccgc ggtagcatcc cttgctccgc 2100gtggaccact ttcctgaggc acagtgatag gaacagagcc actaatctga agagaacaga 2160gatgtgacag actacactaa tgtgagaaaa acaaggaaag ggtgacttat tggagatttc 2220agaaataaaa tgcatttatt attatattcc cttattttaa ttttctatta gggaattaga 2280aagggcataa actgctttat ccagtgttat attaaaagct taatgtatat aatcttttag 2340aggtaaaatc tacagccagc aaaagtcatg gtaaatattc tttgactgaa ctctcactaa 2400actcctctaa attatatgtc atattaactg gttaaattaa tataaatttg tgacatgacc 2460ttaactggtt aggtaggata tttttcttca tgcaaaaata tgactaataa taatttagca 2520caaaaatatt tcccaatact ttaattctgt gatagaaaaa tgtttaactc agctactata 2580atcccataat tttgaaaact atttattagc ttttgtgttt gacccttccc tagccaaagg 2640caactattta aggacccttt aaaactcttg aaactacttt agagtcatta agttatttaa 2700ccacttttaa ttactttaaa atgatgtcaa ttccctttta actattaatt tattttaagg 2760ggggaaaggc tgctcataat tctattgttt ttcttggtaa agaactctca gttttcgttt 2820ttactacctc tgtcacccaa gagttggcat ctcaacagag gggactttcc gagaggccat 2880ctggcagttg cttaagatca gaagtgaagt ctgccagttc ctcccaggca ggtggcccag 2940attacagttg acctgttctg gtgtggctaa aaattgtccc atgtggttac aaaccattag 3000accagggtct gatgaattgc tcagaatatt tctggacacc caaatacaga ccctggctta 3060aggccctgtc catacagtag gtttagcttg gctacaccaa aggaagccat acagaggcta 3120atatcagagt attcttggaa gagacaggag aaaatgaaag ccagtttctg ctcttacctt 3180atgtgcttgt gttcagactc ccaaacatca ggagtgtcag ataaactggt ctgaatctct 3240gtctgaagca tggaactgaa aagaatgtag tttcagggaa gaaaggcaat agaaggaagc 3300ctgagaatat cttcaaaggg tcagactcaa tttactttct aaagaagtag ctaggaacta 3360gggaataact tagaaacaac aagattgtat atatgtgcat cctggcccca ttgttcctta 3420tctgtaggga taagcgtgct tttttgtgtg tctgtatata acataactgt ttacacataa 3480tacactgaaa tggagccctt ccttgttact tcataccatc ctctgtgctt ccttcctcag 3540gggccgacgc cgctcccacc gtgtccatct tcccccccag catggaacag ctgacctctg 3600gcggagccac cgtggtctgc ttcgtgaaca acttctaccc cagagacatc agcgtgaagt 3660ggaagatcga cggcagcgag cagagggacg gcgtgctgga cagcgtgacc gaccaggaca 3720gcaaggactc cacctacagc atgagcagca ccctgagcct gaccaaggtg gagtacgaga 3780ggcacaacct gtacacctgc gaggtggtgc acaagaccag ctccagcccc gtggtcaagt 3840ccttcaaccg gaacgagtgt tgaagacaaa ggtcctgaga cgccaccacc agctccccag 3900ctccatccta tcttcccttc taaggtcttg gaggcttccc cacaagcgac ctaccactgt 3960tgcggtgctc caaacctcct ccccacctcc ttctcctcct cctccctttc cttggctttt 4020atcatgctaa tatttgcaga aaatattcaa taaagtgagt ctttgcactt gagatctctg 4080tctttcttac taaatggtag taatcagttg tttttccagt tacctgggtt tctcttctaa 4140agaagttaaa tgtttagttg ccctgaaatc caccacactt aaaggataaa taaaaccctc 4200cacttgccct ggttggctgt ccactacatg gcagtccttt ctaaggttca cgagtactat 4260tcatggctta tttctctggg ccatggtagg tttgaggagg catacttcct agttttcttc 4320ccctaagtcg tcaaagtcct gaagggggac agtctttaca agcacatgtt ctgtaatctg 4380attcaaccta cccagtaaac ttggcgaagc aaagtagaat cattatcaca ggaagcaaag 4440gcaacctaaa tgtgcaagca ataggaaaat gtggaagccc atcatagtac ttggacttca 4500tctgcttttg tgccttcact aagtttttaa acatgagctg gctcctatct gccattggca 4560aggctgggca ctacccacaa cctacttcaa ggacctctat accgtgagat tacacacata 4620catcaaaatt tgggaaaagt tctaccaagc tgagagctga tcaccccact cttaggtgct 4680tatctctgta caccagaaac cttaagaagc aaccagtatt gagagactca tttatgaaag 4740tctaaaactg gatacaacca aaatgtccac caacagttaa attatgacat gttcacaatt 4800gagctattac ttaataagga gaattaataa aataaaactt aagagcatag tttaatctca 4860taaacaagat aataagcaaa acaaaacatt ttttcatcca tgtaagttta aaagcaggta 4920aaatttaaaa ttaagagaga cataagtttt gaggtagcaa gatggaaact ctggggcttg 4980gggaatgttc tgtctctctg tatgggatgt gaaagttact attgtggaat tgggatctat 5040gttcttcctg tatatattgt atacttcata ataacttcac ctaaagaaat atctaatacc 5100cagtgcatac ataaaagagg atacaaggaa tgaatcatac gtcaaggcca gaaagacaat 5160aaagtagggg atccaggatc aaatctccca caaccttgag ccttctacta ttctgccttc 5220cagagctcaa agtacaaaac acataattca aacacatgat ccctccttgg ggtctcttcc 5280ttcatgcatc gaattagaaa tagccatgta taaaatgaga tagaagagac cttcatcaac 5340aggtcaaaga atataggtaa ttttgtctgg gtatgaagag cccacgtatc aaaggttaca 5400ttagggaagg aagaggacac taacagtgac tttcattctc cccctcttcc tggaggcccc 5460tgcatttagt ccctcgtggg ctcatccact cagcacacat ttactaagca tcttctcagc 5520ctacactctg aaggcagtgc agaataatgt tagtgtccct tcccccagtt aatatgcagt 5580ccagtttccc tgctccttcc ctttctcagt ccacataagg atgatgggaa aggacagtca 5640ccaaatagga gagggcaacc ctttgccttc ctacctcttg agaatgtaca ttattatcca 5700ctttttgaaa cttcttttaa ttgctttttt ttaatttgtc ttttcaaata gcataacctt 5760gttcatccat ttctgggaac caaatttatc aatcaacagt gcctctaatc tggctattaa 5820tacaaaaatg cctcctcaaa atatatatgt tcgagtctta tctaaaacag aacccacaat 5880aaaaaagaag aaagaataca tataagcatt tatataattc tgagcaacct tgtgctttgt 5940gaaaaaaata taatctaatg tcacatgctg tattcttttt atttaacact ggtgaaatta 6000taccattaga gagaaagagg acagatcact gatcctagga tctagggatg ttacagataa 6060gaaaacaaat gtgacaaaga gctgtcacaa ggaggatctt caaggtcaca gaatcactgt 6120cttgatttca gtggtggtta catacattta aatatgtgat aaaatgttgt tgaactatat 6180tcatatattg taccaatgtc aaatgcttaa ttttggctct atagtataat tatgcactaa 6240ataactattt ggacaaagaa aatgatgttt acatcaaagg tgaggccata tttgttagga 6300acataactta aaaaccattt tggataacta atgaaaagcc attttgtgtg ccttggcata 6360tcatgcctaa gctgtcacca gatagatcta ataagaccta agcctcagaa gcaagcccct 6420gcccagcaag caggcagcac agataagagc taaacccagg acaggccatg atatgctaat 6480gaactacctt caaggtggtg ttgctgacct agtgaaccag ccccaagctg tgagccccaa 6540tagcacaaag ctactgccca aagaaattat acaaaaattg gaactttggg aatggtgtgc 6600aggatcgctc tgctgtatgc ctggaacaca gcttctctat gttttgtatt gataccagtc 6660tagaagcttc caaaactttc tcactgaaga agattcccca tgtgggaccc ctacagactc 6720ttttgcccaa acaactgctt ccctcctggt gtgatatctg ttttgctttt atgttagcat 6780aatattataa ggaatgtttg tgtgaataaa ccaaacatat tttaaaagca aatattgtat 6840gcacatccta attgctaaaa agtttacagc taatagtccc atgctctcca caatactgga 6900tccaaataag tcctaatttc aatgttgggc atctttacag agagaaagac attaaaaatg 6960aagagacatg cagagagtgc accatgccat cgtggagaca gactgaagtg acacaactgt 7020tagtcaaaga ggattaagga cttccagaag ccaccaaagg aaggaggtat gaagtggttt 7080ctccctcaga gtatccagag gagactaaac caaccaacac ctttttgctt aagacttctt 7140gccttcagga ctgtgagaag gtagcttcct attgttctaa gccccagtat gtggcatttt 7200gttaaggtag agtcaagaaa ccaataaaat gcagacagac aaaaggatag ctgagttttc 7260caggcccttc cttcttattt ttggttttgt tggtggtggt ggtggtggtg gtgatggtgg 7320tggttttgtt tatgttttgt ttggggagtt ttttggggtt tttttgggtt ttgtttttgt 7380tgttgttttg ggggtttttg ttgttgttgt tgtttgcttt tttgtttttt gttttttgtt 7440tttttgagac agtgtttctc tgtatagccc tggctgtcct ggagttcctt ctatctctaa 7500tgtctacatc tcagagggga tcctctaatt tcaaatgagc agtagctctc catttttagc 7560tcttatttat tcatttattt acttacttac ttattgtctg tagatgaaag aattttggag 7620tgggaaaggg ttcatgagcc cccagcaact aatgaggagc tacagacaat tgatgtttct 7680ggggaaagga gactcagttt ctttgagagt atagcttctg atgggtcaac catgttcctg 7740tggctgatgt cacacccagg agtatgcaga caacagaaac tggagttaat gagttgtttt 7800aaaaataaaa aagggcatga agcttgggat agaaattaag gataaataca attaaataca 7860ggaaattctg aaagaattaa taaaaacatt tcttttttta aaaaaaaatc cagaattagc 7920tatgcttctt caaaattgct tctggagaac tttacaagtt aaataagtta tattgtagaa 7980aaggtagaga ggagaatagt ggaagagaga gataaggaga cttcaaaagg agtggaggga 8040gatagaggag gagaaagcag aagcaatggc tgatagacac aggataagag ggaacagaaa 8100ggagaaagag gaagccagga tgggtatttc tttgcctatc tgtgacttgc acatggtctt 8160ggcaattatt gatgagttca aggcttaatt cttcacttgt gccaactcaa cagagtcttt 8220ctttcttata accaggcccc cagtatgctc atgtatgtat caggtcctct tatctcctta 8280tagcaatcct gtttataact gggtaacttt gtgaagggaa ggaagtgcac actgagatgt 8340gctacaactt tttaatacaa aattttgaag agtttgtaca atgtatgtat aattaataat 8400taatattatg cactttagat tttgatttca actcaagata ctaattctat atatatgggt 8460taaatcaata tattaataag tttaatttca catgcttatt tttattgtgg ttttcgagac 8520agggtttctc tgtatagccc tggctgtcct ggaacccact ttgtagacca ggctggcctc 8580aaactcagaa acctacctgc ctctgcctct gcctctgcct ctgcctctgc ctctgcctct 8640gcctctgcct ctgcctctgc ctctgcctct gcctctgcct ctgcctctgc ctctgcctct 8700gcctctgcct ctgcctctgc ctctgcctct gcctctgcct ctgcctctgc ctctgcctct 8760gcctctgcct ctgcctagtg ctggaattaa aggtttgcgc caccacgccc ggtgaaattt 8820ttaaacttta tatatgtctc attctatttc tatcagatag gactgtgtag actgtgctaa 8880actaataaat gtgccctcaa aagtaatcgc aagttgtatt gttgttgttt tgctttgctt 8940tgctttgctt tgctttgctt tgctttgctt tgctttgctt tgctttgctt tgctttgctt 9000tgctttgctt tgctttgctt tgctttgctt tgcttttttg ttttgggttt ttttccgggg 9060gagggagggt ggagaaagaa tcttactatg aagctctgac tgtcctggga actcactata 9120tagatcaggc ttgattcaac tcatagagat ctgccttctt ctgcctccca agtgctggga 9180ataaaggcat acacctccat gcccagatag tgatcccaag ttttagcaaa agtttctaga 9240cttgacatta atcgatggag atagacatga attacacaaa gaactaatgt ggagtttacc 9300tgaatcatac tctatacttt atcagagatt aaattaacat ttaataatcc agtgccaggc 9360tagaggcacc attcaatggc agtgtttgcc atcatgcata ggcttagtct tcagtgctga 9420aaggcattgg gggcaatatt actcattata cagatgagaa actgggaaag acttgcctca 9480gattctctac tgaaaggctg agtttgtggc ttctagaaaa tcttttactt tcaatatttt 9540taatgtataa tttttttatt tccactgatt ttatttttta tttttaacat ttataagaaa 9600taaatgcaat aaaccaaata catggacaaa aaaatacaag aatcatatga tcacctcaat 9660ggaaggaaaa aaaaagaaag aaaaagtctt tgataagatt caacattcat tcttttttta 9720ttagatattt tcttcattta catttcaaat gctatcccca aagcccccta taccttcccc 9780tgccctgctc cccaacccac ccactcctgc tttctggccc tggcattcct ctgtactgag 9840gcatatgatc ttcaaaaaac caagggcctc tcctctcatt ggtggccgac tattaggcca 9900tcttttgcta catatgcaac tagagacaca gctctggggg ttactggtta gttcatattg 9960ttagtcctcc tatagagttg cagacccctt tagctccttg gatactttct ctagttcctt 10020cattaggggc cctgtgtccc atccaataga tgactgtgag

catccacttc tgtatttgcc 10080aggcactggc atagcctcac gagaaagaga gagctatgtc aggatcctgt cagtaaaatc 10140tttctggcat atgcaatagt atctgggttt ggtggttgta tatgggatgg atccccaagt 10200ggagcagtct ctgaatggtc cttccttcca tctcagctcc aaactttgtc tctataactc 10260cttccatggg tattttgttc cccattctaa gaaggagtga agaatccaca ctttggtctt 10320ccttcttctt gagtttcata tgttgcatct tggatattct aagtttctgg gttaatatcc 10380acgtatcagt gagtgcatat catgcgtgtt attttgtgat tagtttacct cactcaggat 10440gatatcctcc agatgcatcc atttgcctaa gaatttcatt aattcactgt ttttaattgc 10500tgaatagtac tccattgtgt aaatgtacca cattttctgt atccattcct ctgttgaggg 10560gcatctgggt tctttccagc ttctggctat tataaataag gctgctatga gcatagcgga 10620gcatgtgtcc ttatcaagtt ggaacatctt ctaggtatat gcccaggaga ggaattgctg 10680gatcttccgg tagtaccatc aacatgcatt cttaataaaa gccctagaac aaggaggact 10740gtaggaaaca tattccaaca taataaaggt tatgtatgac aaactcatga ccaatatcat 10800cctaaatgaa tgaaaccatt aataagctcc attaaaatca gaggactgcc cactatccct 10860acttctcatc cataatgaga ttgaagcatt agctggagca ataaggcaag agaagggata 10920caaatgggaa aatattaagt caaattgttt tcaattgaag attatattat cttataccca 10980atgacctcaa attttgacta gaaaaattgt agaaattatc aataatttca gcaaagtgtt 11040atgatgcacc acatccttat tcttctcccc agcttctgct tgcttctctc ttcttgctct 11100tcatcctttc tgtccttcca tctgcctgca ctcttgtctc aagactgagt gcagcgtgta 11160actctcctgt gactgagtat ctcacaaaac gttctacctg ccaaacctgg atgagccctt 11220tgtctttctg aagctatgag gctctctaca tagactcaag aaggaaatga cagggaggag 11280gtaataatga agtggggaag gctgacatta gcattgctcc tgtgtggctc cttaatttct 11340catacttcac actgagatgt tattaactgt gactcatagg tgaagaagcc agagctaagg 11400ttctcatatt tgagtgttat agaatgagta gagcagtagt tctcaaacta tgggtcatga 11460ctcctttatg ggtcaaacta ccctttcaca caggttgcat atcagatatc ctaattttat 11520atacatatat atatgcatat gtatatatat atatttcaca acagtaggaa aattatttag 11580taatcatttt atagttgtgg gtcatggcaa catgaggaac tgtattaaag ggttgcagca 11640ttaggaatgt tgagacccac tgtaatagag aatgaggctt aaggcagggc tataaagccc 11700aatggaccat gtgccttttc caacatttgc cacatggtaa gctctgtata gactttttaa 11760agaacattgg tttgtaattt taaatggata agggtcttca ctgtctatca cccatctata 11820taataaatac ataagttttg attccaccat ggattcaaat gcaaaaatcc tcaacctaag 11880acatagcagt gaaacattga tgaccaaata ggaaatccat gtagagacct tctatcttct 11940gatggctcca caggcaccat cttgcaacag agttctactt tgctaccagt aatgaataca 12000gtgtctcaac tcctgccatt gaatcttcag gaagcccctg aaatgacttg tactacacca 12060tttcttaaag acagaaaagc taagacttag agggaataaa tgtcatgcct gagatcatgc 12120aaccaattaa gtccaacttg gcctgatcaa gaggcacaat tcaaaagcaa tgttgttcct 12180tcactagctc ttgtgtatgg ttgctgattc cggaagcaaa gtatcagtga atatccctag 12240tgggaaaaga cttggaaatc aaatgtctca tttaacagat taggagatga aacggtagac 12300tctgtgtagt tgtacacccc tgtgatccca tcgctaggaa gactgaggca ggaagtcctc 12360gagctcaaac cagcttaggc tacacagaga aactatctaa aaaataatta ctaactactt 12420aataggagat tggatgttaa gatctggtca ctaagaggca gaattgagat tcgaagccag 12480tattttctac ctggtatgtt ttaaattgca gtaaggatct aagtgtagat atataataat 12540aagattctat tgatctctgc aacaacagag agtgttagat ttgtttggaa aaaaatatta 12600tcagccaaca tcttctacca tttcagtata gcacagagta cccacccata tctccccacc 12660catcccccat accagactgg ttattgattt tcatggtgac tggcctgaga agattaaaaa 12720aagtaatgct accttattgg gagtgtccca tggaccaaga tagcaactgt catagctacc 12780gtcacactgc tttgatcaag aagacccttt gaggaactga aaacagaacc ttaggcacat 12840ctgttgcttt cgctcccatc ctcctccaac agcctgggtg gtgcactcca caccctttca 12900agtttccaaa gcctcataca cctgctccct accccagcac ctggccaagg ctgtatccag 12960cactgggatg aaaatgatac cccacctcca tcttgtttga tattactcta tctcaagccc 13020caggttagtc cccagtccca atgcttttgc acagtcaaaa ctcaacttgg aataatcagt 13080atccttgaag agttctgata tggtcactgg gcccatatac catgtaagac atgtggaaaa 13140gatgtttcat ggggcccaga cacgttctag aagtacctga gagtggcaaa aaatagttgt 13200gctaaatagt ttggccatct ttaggctgag agactaggaa atacagcgat ggactatatc 13260agcattgcag gatagttgtc agtaaacacc ccacaaccca taacagaagt attctcttct 13320ttctatatcc cttttccatc catgtagatg gctgtcttca tatttgttct agacggccgg 13380cc 13382964638DNAArtificial SequencepSELECT-IGKV1-39/J-Ck 96gcggccgcaa taaaatatct ttattttcat tacatctgtg tgttggtttt ttgtgtgaat 60cgtaactaac atacgctctc catcaaaaca aaacgaaaca aaacaaacta gcaaaatagg 120ctgtccccag tgcaagtgca ggtgccagaa catttctcta tcgaaggatc tgcgatcgct 180ccggtgcccg tcagtgggca gagcgcacat cgcccacagt ccccgagaag ttggggggag 240gggtcggcaa ttgaacgggt gcctagagaa ggtggcgcgg ggtaaactgg gaaagtgatg 300tcgtgtactg gctccgcctt tttcccgagg gtgggggaga accgtatata agtgcagtag 360tcgccgtgaa cgttcttttt cgcaacgggt ttgccgccag aacacagctg aagcttcgag 420gggctcgcat ctctccttca cgcgcccgcc gccctacctg aggccgccat ccacgccggt 480tgagtcgcgt tctgccgcct cccgcctgtg gtgcctcctg aactgcgtcc gccgtctagg 540taagtttaaa gctcaggtcg agaccgggcc tttgtccggc gctcccttgg agcctaccta 600gactcagccg gctctccacg ctttgcctga ccctgcttgc tcaactctac gtctttgttt 660cgttttctgt tctgcgccgt tacagatcca agctgtgacc ggcgcctacc tgagatcacc 720ggcgtgtcga cgccaccatg gacatgagag tgcccgccca gctcctgggg ctcctgctac 780tctggctccg aggtaaggat ggagaacact aggaatttac tcagccagtg tgctcagtac 840tgactggaac ttcagggaag ttctctgata acatgattaa tagtaagaat atttgttttt 900atgtttccaa tctcaggtgc cagatgtgac atccagatga cccagagccc cagcagcctg 960agcgccagcg tgggcgacag agtgaccatc acctgcagag ccagccagag catcagcagc 1020tacctgaact ggtatcagca gaagcccggc aaggccccca agctgctgat ctacgccgcc 1080agctccctgc agagcggcgt gcccagcaga ttcagcggca gcggctccgg caccgacttc 1140accctgacca tcagcagcct gcagcccgag gacttcgcca cctactactg ccagcagagc 1200tacagcaccc cccccacctt cggccagggc accaaggtgg agatcaagag agccgacgcc 1260gctcccaccg tgtccatctt cccccccagc atggaacagc tgacctctgg cggagccacc 1320gtggtctgct tcgtgaacaa cttctacccc agagacatca gcgtgaagtg gaagatcgac 1380ggcagcgagc agagggacgg cgtgctggac agcgtgaccg accaggacag caaggactcc 1440acctacagca tgagcagcac cctgagcctg accaaggtgg agtacgagag gcacaacctg 1500tacacctgcg aggtggtgca caagaccagc tccagccccg tggtcaagtc cttcaaccgg 1560aacgagtgtt gagctagctg gccagacatg ataagataca ttgatgagtt tggacaaacc 1620acaactagaa tgcagtgaaa aaaatgcttt atttgtgaaa tttgtgatgc tattgcttta 1680tttgtaacca ttataagctg caataaacaa gttaacaaca acaattgcat tcattttatg 1740tttcaggttc agggggaggt gtgggaggtt ttttaaagca agtaaaacct ctacaaatgt 1800ggtatggaat tctaaaatac agcatagcaa aactttaacc tccaaatcaa gcctctactt 1860gaatcctttt ctgagggatg aataaggcat aggcatcagg ggctgttgcc aatgtgcatt 1920agctgtttgc agcctcacct tctttcatgg agtttaagat atagtgtatt ttcccaaggt 1980ttgaactagc tcttcatttc tttatgtttt aaatgcactg acctcccaca ttcccttttt 2040agtaaaatat tcagaaataa tttaaataca tcattgcaat gaaaataaat gttttttatt 2100aggcagaatc cagatgctca aggcccttca taatatcccc cagtttagta gttggactta 2160gggaacaaag gaacctttaa tagaaattgg acagcaagaa agcgagcttc tagcgaattc 2220tcgactcatt cctttgccct cggacgagtg ctggggcgtc ggtttccact atcggcgagt 2280acttctacac agccatcggt ccagacggcc gcgcttctgc gggcgatttg tgtacgcccg 2340acagtcccgg ctccggatcg gacgattgcg tcgcatcgac cctgcgccca agctgcatca 2400tcgaaattgc cgtcaaccaa gctctgatag agttggtcaa gaccaatgcg gagcatatac 2460gcccggagcc gcggcgatcc tgcaagctcc ggatgcctcc gctcgaagta gcgcgtctgc 2520tgctccatac aagccaacca cggcctccag aagaagatgt tggcgacctc gtattgggaa 2580tccccgaaca tcgcctcgct ccagtcaatg accgctgtta tgcggccatt gtccgtcagg 2640acattgttgg agccgaaatc cgcgtgcacg aggtgccgga cttcggggca gtcctcggcc 2700caaagcatca gctcatcgag agcctgcgcg acggacgcac tgacggtgtc gtccatcaca 2760gtttgccagt gatacacatg gggatcagca atcgcgcata tgaaatcacg ccatgtagtg 2820tattgaccga ttccttgcgg tccgaatggg ccgaacccgc tcgtctggct aagatcggcc 2880gcagcgatcg catccatgag ctccgcgacg ggttgcagaa cagcgggcag ttcggtttca 2940ggcaggtctt gcaacgtgac accctgtgca cggcgggaga tgcaataggt caggctctcg 3000ctgaattccc caatgtcaag cacttccgga atcgggagcg cggccgatgc aaagtgccga 3060taaacataac gatctttgta gaaaccatcg gcgcagctat ttacccgcag gacatatcca 3120cgccctccta catcgaagct gaaagcacga gattcttcgc cctccgagag ctgcatcagg 3180tcggagacgc tgtcgaactt ttcgatcaga aacttctcga cagacgtcgc ggtgagttca 3240ggctttttca tgatggccct cctatagtga gtcgtattat actatgccga tatactatgc 3300cgatgattaa ttgtcaaaac agcgtggatg gcgtctccag cttatctgac ggttcactaa 3360acgagctctg cttatataga cctcccaccg tacacgccta ccgcccattt gcgtcaatgg 3420ggcggagttg ttacgacatt ttggaaagtc ccgttgattt actagtcaaa acaaactccc 3480attgacgtca atggggtgga gacttggaaa tccccgtgag tcaaaccgct atccacgccc 3540attgatgtac tgccaaaacc gcatcatcat ggtaatagcg atgactaata cgtagatgta 3600ctgccaagta ggaaagtccc ataaggtcat gtactgggca taatgccagg cgggccattt 3660accgtcattg acgtcaatag ggggcgtact tggcatatga tacacttgat gtactgccaa 3720gtgggcagtt taccgtaaat actccaccca ttgacgtcaa tggaaagtcc ctattggcgt 3780tactatggga acatacgtca ttattgacgt caatgggcgg gggtcgttgg gcggtcagcc 3840aggcgggcca tttaccgtaa gttatgtaac gcctgcaggt taattaagaa catgtgagca 3900aaaggccagc aaaaggccag gaaccgtaaa aaggccgcgt tgctggcgtt tttccatagg 3960ctccgccccc ctgacgagca tcacaaaaat cgacgctcaa gtcagaggtg gcgaaacccg 4020acaggactat aaagatacca ggcgtttccc cctggaagct ccctcgtgcg ctctcctgtt 4080ccgaccctgc cgcttaccgg atacctgtcc gcctttctcc cttcgggaag cgtggcgctt 4140tctcatagct cacgctgtag gtatctcagt tcggtgtagg tcgttcgctc caagctgggc 4200tgtgtgcacg aaccccccgt tcagcccgac cgctgcgcct tatccggtaa ctatcgtctt 4260gagtccaacc cggtaagaca cgacttatcg ccactggcag cagccactgg taacaggatt 4320agcagagcga ggtatgtagg cggtgctaca gagttcttga agtggtggcc taactacggc 4380tacactagaa gaacagtatt tggtatctgc gctctgctga agccagttac cttcggaaaa 4440agagttggta gctcttgatc cggcaaacaa accaccgctg gtagcggtgg tttttttgtt 4500tgcaagcagc agattacgcg cagaaaaaaa ggatctcaag aagatccttt gatcttttct 4560acggggtctg acgctcagtg gaacgaaaac tcacgttaag ggattttggt catggctagt 4620taattaacat ttaaatca 4638975349DNAArtificial SequencepSelect-IGVL2-14/J-Ck 97gcggccgcaa taaaatatct ttattttcat tacatctgtg tgttggtttt ttgtgtgaat 60cgtaactaac atacgctctc catcaaaaca aaacgaaaca aaacaaacta gcaaaatagg 120ctgtccccag tgcaagtgca ggtgccagaa catttctcta tcgaaggatc tgcgatcgct 180ccggtgcccg tcagtgggca gagcgcacat cgcccacagt ccccgagaag ttggggggag 240gggtcggcaa ttgaacgggt gcctagagaa ggtggcgcgg ggtaaactgg gaaagtgatg 300tcgtgtactg gctccgcctt tttcccgagg gtgggggaga accgtatata agtgcagtag 360tcgccgtgaa cgttcttttt cgcaacgggt ttgccgccag aacacagctg aagcttcgag 420gggctcgcat ctctccttca cgcgcccgcc gccctacctg aggccgccat ccacgccggt 480tgagtcgcgt tctgccgcct cccgcctgtg gtgcctcctg aactgcgtcc gccgtctagg 540taagtttaaa gctcaggtcg agaccgggcc tttgtccggc gctcccttgg agcctaccta 600gactcagccg gctctccacg ctttgcctga ccctgcttgc tcaactctac gtctttgttt 660cgttttctgt tctgcgccgt tacagatcca agctgtgacc ggcgcctacc tgagatcacc 720ggcgtgtcga cgccaccatg gacatgagag tgcccgccca gctcctgggg ctcctgctac 780tctggctccg aggtaaggat ggagaacact aggaatttac tcagccagtg tgctcagtac 840tgactggaac ttcagggaag ttctctgata acatgattaa tagtaagaat atttgttttt 900atgtttccaa tctcaggtgc cagatgtcag tctgccctga cccagcccgc ctctgtgtct 960ggcagccctg gccagagcat caccatcagc tgcaccggca ccagcagcga cgtgggcggc 1020tacaactacg tgtcctggta tcagcagcac cccggcaagg cccccaagct gatgatctac 1080gaggtgtcca acagacccag cggcgtgagc aacagattca gcggcagcaa gagcggcaac 1140accgccagcc tgaccatcag cggcctccag gctgaggacg aggccgacta ctactgcagc 1200agctacacca gcagctccac cctggtgttt ggcggcggaa caaagctgac cgtgctgaga 1260gccgacgccg ctcccaccgt gtccatcttc ccccccagca tggaacagct gacctctggc 1320ggagccaccg tggtctgctt cgtgaacaac ttctacccca gagacatcag cgtgaagtgg 1380aagatcgacg gcagcgagca gagggacggc gtgctggaca gcgtgaccga ccaggacagc 1440aaggactcca cctacagcat gagcagcacc ctgagcctga ccaaggtgga gtacgagagg 1500cacaacctgt acacctgcga ggtggtgcac aagaccagct ccagccccgt ggtcaagtcc 1560ttcaaccgga acgagtgttg agctagctgg ccagacatga taagatacat tgatgagttt 1620ggacaaacca caactagact gactcagcct gcctccgtgt ctgggtctcc tggacagtcg 1680atcaccatct cctgcactgg aaccagcagt gacgttggtg gttataacta tgtctcctgg 1740taccaacagc acccaggcaa agcccccaaa ctcatgattt atgaggtcag taatcggccc 1800tcaggggttt ctaatcgctt ctctggctcc aagtctggca acacggcctc cctgaccatc 1860tctgggctcc aggctgagga cgaggctgat tattactgca gctcatatac aagcagcagc 1920actctcgtat tcggcggagg gaccaagctg accgtcctac gggctgatgc tgcaccaact 1980gtatccatct tcccaccatc catggaacag ttaacatctg gaggtgccac agtcgtgtgc 2040ttcgtgaaca acttctatcc cagagacatc agtgtcaagt ggaagattga tggcagtgaa 2100caacgagatg gtgtcctgga cagtgttact gatcaggaca gcaaagacag cacgtacagc 2160atgagcagca ccctctcgtt gaccaaggtt gaatatgaaa ggcataacct ctatacctgt 2220gaggttgttc ataagacatc atcctcaccc gtcgtcaaga gcttcaacag gaatgagtgt 2280taggctagct ggccagacat gataagatac attgatgagt ttggacaaac cacaactaga 2340atgcagtgaa aaaaatgctt tatttgtgaa atttgtgatg ctattgcttt atttgtaacc 2400attataagct gcaataaaca agttaacaac aacaattgca ttcattttat gtttcaggtt 2460cagggggagg tgtgggaggt tttttaaagc aagtaaaacc tctacaaatg tggtatggaa 2520ttctaaaata cagcatagca aaactttaac ctccaaatca agcctctact tgaatccttt 2580tctgagggat gaataaggca taggcatcag gggctgttgc caatgtgcat tagctgtttg 2640cagcctcacc ttctttcatg gagtttaaga tatagtgtat tttcccaagg tttgaactag 2700ctcttcattt ctttatgttt taaatgcact gacctcccac attccctttt tagtaaaata 2760ttcagaaata atttaaatac atcattgcaa tgaaaataaa tgttttttat taggcagaat 2820ccagatgctc aaggcccttc ataatatccc ccagtttagt agttggactt agggaacaaa 2880ggaaccttta atagaaattg gacagcaaga aagcgagctt ctagcgaatt ctcgactcat 2940tcctttgccc tcggacgagt gctggggcgt cggtttccac tatcggcgag tacttctaca 3000cagccatcgg tccagacggc cgcgcttctg cgggcgattt gtgtacgccc gacagtcccg 3060gctccggatc ggacgattgc gtcgcatcga ccctgcgccc aagctgcatc atcgaaattg 3120ccgtcaacca agctctgata gagttggtca agaccaatgc ggagcatata cgcccggagc 3180cgcggcgatc ctgcaagctc cggatgcctc cgctcgaagt agcgcgtctg ctgctccata 3240caagccaacc acggcctcca gaagaagatg ttggcgacct cgtattggga atccccgaac 3300atcgcctcgc tccagtcaat gaccgctgtt atgcggccat tgtccgtcag gacattgttg 3360gagccgaaat ccgcgtgcac gaggtgccgg acttcggggc agtcctcggc ccaaagcatc 3420agctcatcga gagcctgcgc gacggacgca ctgacggtgt cgtccatcac agtttgccag 3480tgatacacat ggggatcagc aatcgcgcat atgaaatcac gccatgtagt gtattgaccg 3540attccttgcg gtccgaatgg gccgaacccg ctcgtctggc taagatcggc cgcagcgatc 3600gcatccatga gctccgcgac gggttgcaga acagcgggca gttcggtttc aggcaggtct 3660tgcaacgtga caccctgtgc acggcgggag atgcaatagg tcaggctctc gctgaattcc 3720ccaatgtcaa gcacttccgg aatcgggagc gcggccgatg caaagtgccg ataaacataa 3780cgatctttgt agaaaccatc ggcgcagcta tttacccgca ggacatatcc acgccctcct 3840acatcgaagc tgaaagcacg agattcttcg ccctccgaga gctgcatcag gtcggagacg 3900ctgtcgaact tttcgatcag aaacttctcg acagacgtcg cggtgagttc aggctttttc 3960atgatggccc tcctatagtg agtcgtatta tactatgccg atatactatg ccgatgatta 4020attgtcaaaa cagcgtggat ggcgtctcca gcttatctga cggttcacta aacgagctct 4080gcttatatag acctcccacc gtacacgcct accgcccatt tgcgtcaatg gggcggagtt 4140gttacgacat tttggaaagt cccgttgatt tactagtcaa aacaaactcc cattgacgtc 4200aatggggtgg agacttggaa atccccgtga gtcaaaccgc tatccacgcc cattgatgta 4260ctgccaaaac cgcatcatca tggtaatagc gatgactaat acgtagatgt actgccaagt 4320aggaaagtcc cataaggtca tgtactgggc ataatgccag gcgggccatt taccgtcatt 4380gacgtcaata gggggcgtac ttggcatatg atacacttga tgtactgcca agtgggcagt 4440ttaccgtaaa tactccaccc attgacgtca atggaaagtc cctattggcg ttactatggg 4500aacatacgtc attattgacg tcaatgggcg ggggtcgttg ggcggtcagc caggcgggcc 4560atttaccgta agttatgtaa cgcctgcagg ttaattaaga acatgtgagc aaaaggccag 4620caaaaggcca ggaaccgtaa aaaggccgcg ttgctggcgt ttttccatag gctccgcccc 4680cctgacgagc atcacaaaaa tcgacgctca agtcagaggt ggcgaaaccc gacaggacta 4740taaagatacc aggcgtttcc ccctggaagc tccctcgtgc gctctcctgt tccgaccctg 4800ccgcttaccg gatacctgtc cgcctttctc ccttcgggaa gcgtggcgct ttctcatagc 4860tcacgctgta ggtatctcag ttcggtgtag gtcgttcgct ccaagctggg ctgtgtgcac 4920gaaccccccg ttcagcccga ccgctgcgcc ttatccggta actatcgtct tgagtccaac 4980ccggtaagac acgacttatc gccactggca gcagccactg gtaacaggat tagcagagcg 5040aggtatgtag gcggtgctac agagttcttg aagtggtggc ctaactacgg ctacactaga 5100agaacagtat ttggtatctg cgctctgctg aagccagtta ccttcggaaa aagagttggt 5160agctcttgat ccggcaaaca aaccaccgct ggtagcggtg gtttttttgt ttgcaagcag 5220cagattacgc gcagaaaaaa aggatctcaa gaagatcctt tgatcttttc tacggggtct 5280gacgctcagt ggaacgaaaa ctcacgttaa gggattttgg tcatggctag ttaattaaca 5340tttaaatca 5349986772DNAArtificial SequenceMV1043 98cttgatttgg gtgatggttc acgtagtggg ccatcgccct gatagacggt ttttcgccct 60ttgacgttgg agtccacgtt ctttaatagt ggactcttgt tccaaactgg aacaacactc 120aactctatct cgggctattc ttttgattta taagggattt tgccgatttc ggtctattgg 180ttaaaaaatg agctgattta acaaaaattt aacgcgaatt ttaacaaaat attaacgttt 240acaattttat ggtgcagtct cagtacaatc tgctctgatg ccgcatagtt aagccagccc 300cgacacccgc caacacccgc tgacgcgccc tgacgggctt gtctgctccc ggcatccgct 360tacagacaag ctgtgaccgt ctccgggagc tgcatgtgtc agaggttttc accgtcatca 420ccgaaacgcg cgagacgaaa gggcctcgtg atacgcctat ttttataggt taatgtcatg 480ataataatgg tttcttagac gtcaggtggc acttttcggg gaaatgtgcg cggaacccct 540atttgtttat ttttctaaat acattcaaat atgtatccgc tcatgagaca ataaccctga 600taaatgcttc aataatattg aaaaaggaag agtatgagta ttcaacattt ccgtgtcgcc 660cttattccct tttttgcggc attttgcctt cctgtttttg ctcacccaga aacgctggtg 720aaagtaaaag atgctgaaga tcagttgggt gcccgagtgg gttacatcga actggatctc 780aacagcggta agatccttga gagttttcgc cccgaagaac gttttccaat gatgagcact 840tttaaagttc tgctatgtgg cgcggtatta tcccgtattg acgccgggca agagcaactc 900ggtcgccgca tacactattc tcagaatgac ttggttgagt actcaccagt cacagaaaag 960catcttacgg atggcatgac agtaagagaa ttatgcagtg ctgccataac catgagtgat 1020aacactgcgg ccaacttact tctgacaacg atcggaggac cgaaggagct aaccgctttt 1080ttgcacaaca tgggggatca tgtaactcgc cttgatcgtt gggaaccgga gctgaatgaa 1140gccataccaa acgacgagcg tgacaccacg atgcctgtag caatggcaac aacgttgcgc 1200aaactattaa ctggcgaact acttactcta gcttcccggc aacaattaat agactggatg 1260gaggcggata aagttgcagg accacttctg cgctcggccc ttccggctgg ctggtttatt 1320gctgataaat ctggagccgg tgagcgtggg tctcgcggta tcattgcagc actggggcca 1380gatggtaagc cctcccgtat cgtagttatc tacacgacgg ggagtcaggc aactatggat

1440gaacgaaata gacagatcgc tgagataggt gcctcactga ttaagcattg gtaactgtca 1500gaccaagttt actcatatat actttagatt gatttaaaac ttcattttta atttaaaagg 1560atctaggtga agatcctttt tgataatctc atgaccaaaa tcccttaacg tgagttttcg 1620ttccactgag cgtcagaccc cgtagaaaag atcaaaggat cttcttgaga tccttttttt 1680ctgcgcgtaa tctgctgctt gcaaacaaaa aaaccaccgc taccagcggt ggtttgtttg 1740ccggatcaag agctaccaac tctttttccg aaggtaactg gcttcagcag agcgcagata 1800ccaaatactg ttcttctagt gtagccgtag ttaggccacc acttcaagaa ctctgtagca 1860ccgcctacat acctcgctct gctaatcctg ttaccagtgg ctgctgccag tggcgataag 1920tcgtgtctta ccgggttgga ctcaagacga tagttaccgg ataaggcgca gcggtcgggc 1980tgaacggggg gttcgtgcat acagcccagc ttggagcgaa cgacctacac cgaactgaga 2040tacctacagc gtgagctatg agaaagcgcc acgcttcccg aagggagaaa ggcggacagg 2100tatccggtaa gcggcagggt cggaacagga gagcgcacga gggagcttcc agggggaaac 2160gcctggtatc tttatagtcc tgtcgggttt cgccacctct gacttgagcg tcgatttttg 2220tgatgctcgt caggggggcg gagcctatgg aaaaacgcca gcaacgcggc ctttttacgg 2280ttcctggcct tttgctggcc ttttgctcac atgttctttc ctgcgttatc ccctgattct 2340gtggataacc gtattaccgc ctttgagtga gctgataccg ctcgccgcag ccgaacgacc 2400gagcgcagcg agtcagtgag cgaggaagcg gaagagcgcc caatacgcaa accgcctctc 2460cccgcgcgtt ggccgattca ttaatgcagc tggcacgaca ggtttcccga ctggaaagcg 2520ggcagtgagc gcaacgcaat taatgtgagt tagctcactc attaggcacc ccaggcttta 2580cactttatgc ttccggctcg tatgttgtgt ggaattgtga gcggataaca atttcacaca 2640ggaaacagct atgaccatga ttacgccaag ctttggagcc ttttttttgg agattttcaa 2700cgtgaaaaaa ttattattcg caattccttt agttgttcct ttctattctc acagtgcaca 2760gatccaaatg acccagtctc catcctccct gtctgcatct gtaggagaca gagtcaccat 2820cacttgccgg gcaagtcaga gcattagcag ctacttaaat tggtatcagc agaaaccagg 2880gaaagcccct aagctcctga tctatgctgc atccagtttg caaagtgggg tcccatcaag 2940gttcagtggc agtggatctg ggacagattt cactctcacc atcagcagtc tgcaacctga 3000agattttgca acttactact gtcaacagag ttacagtacc cctccaacgt tcggccaagg 3060gaccaagctc gagatcaaac gtactgtggc tgcaccatct gtcttcatct tcccgccatc 3120tgatgagcag ttgaaatctg gaactgcctc tgttgtgtgc ctgctgaata acttctatcc 3180cagagaggcc aaagtacagt ggaaggtgga taacgccctc caatcgggta actcccagga 3240gagtgtcaca gagcaggaca gcaaggacag cacctacagc ctcagcagca ccctgacgct 3300gagcaaagca gactacgaga aacacaaagt ctacgcctgc gaagtcaccc atcagggcct 3360gagctcgccc gtcacaaaga gcttcaacag gggagagtgt tagtaaggcg cgccaattct 3420atttcaagga gacagtcata atgaaatacc tattgcctac ggcagccgct ggattgttat 3480tactcgcggc ccagccggcc atggcgatgc ctgcttgccg aatatcatgg tggaaaatgg 3540ccgcttttct ggattcatcg actgtggccg gctgggtgtg gcggaccgct atcaggacat 3600agcgttggct acccgtgata ttgctgaaga gcttggcggc gaatgggctg accgcttcct 3660cgtgctttac ggtatcgccg ctcccgattc gcagcgcatc gccttctatc gccttcttga 3720cgagttcttc tgagcgggac tctggggttc ggtgctacga gatttcgatt ccaccgccgc 3780cttctatgaa aggttgggct tcggaatcgt tttccgggac gccggctgga tgatcctcca 3840gcgcggggat ctcatgctgg agttcttcgc ccaccccaac ttgtttattg cagcttataa 3900tggttacaaa taaagcaata gcatcacaaa tttcacaaat aaagcatttt tttcactgca 3960ttctagttgt ggtttgtcca aactcatcaa tgtatcttat catgtctgta taccgtcgac 4020ctctagctag agcttggcgt aatcatggtc atagctgttt cctgtgtgaa attgttatcc 4080gctcacaatt ccacacaaca tacgagccgg aagcataaag tgtaaagcct ggggtgccta 4140atgagtgagc taactcacat taattgcgtt gcgctcactg cccgctttcc agtcgggaaa 4200cctgtcgtgc cagaattgca tgaagaatct gcttagggtt aggcgttttg cgctgcttcg 4260ctaggtggtc aatattggcc attagccata ttattcattg gttatatagc ataaatcaat 4320attggctatt ggccattgca tacgttgtat ccatatcata atatgtacat ttatattggc 4380tcatgtccaa cattaccgcc atgttgacat tgattattga ctagttatta atagtaatca 4440attacggggt cattagttca tagcccatat atggagttcc gcgttacata acttacggta 4500aatggcccgc ctggctgacc gcccaacgac ccccgcccat tgacgtcaat aatgacgtat 4560gttcccatag taacgccaat agggactttc cattgacgtc aatgggtgga gtatttacgg 4620taaactgccc acttggcagt acatcaagtg tatcatatgc caagtacgcc ccctattgac 4680gtcaatgacg gtcaccgtct caagcgcctc caccaagggc ccatcggtct tccccctggc 4740accctcctcc aagagcacct ctgggggcac agcggccctg ggctgcctgg tcaaggacta 4800cttccccgaa ccggtgacgg tgtcgtggaa ctcaggcgcc ctgaccagcg gcgtccacac 4860cttcccggct gtcctacagt cctcaggact ctactccctc agcagcgtag tgaccgtgcc 4920ctccagcagc ttgggcaccc agacctacat ctgcaacgtg aatcacaagc ccagcaacac 4980caaggtggac aagaaagttg agcccaaatc ttgtgcggcc gcacatcatc atcaccatca 5040cggggccgca gaacaaaaac tcatctcaga agaggatctg aatggggccg catagactgt 5100tgaaagttgt ttagcaaaac ctcatacaga aaattcattt actaacgtct ggaaagacga 5160caaaacttta gatcgttacg ctaactatga gggctgtctg tggaatgcta caggcgttgt 5220ggtttgtact ggtgacgaaa ctcagtgtta cggtacatgg gttcctattg ggcttgctat 5280ccctgaaaat gagggtggtg gctctgaggg tggcggttct gagggtggcg gttctgaggg 5340tggcggtact aaacctcctg agtacggtga tacacctatt ccgggctata cttatatcaa 5400ccctctcgac ggcacttatc cgcctggtac tgagcaaaac cccgctaatc ctaatccttc 5460tcttgaggag tctcagcctc ttaatacttt catgtttcag aataataggt tccgaaatag 5520gcagggtgca ttaactgttt atacgggcac tgttactcaa ggcactgacc ccgttaaaac 5580ttattaccag tacactcctg tatcatcaaa agccatgtat gacgcttact ggaacggtaa 5640attcagagac tgcgctttcc attctggctt taatgaggat ccattcgttt gtgaatatca 5700aggccaatcg tctgacctgc ctcaacctcc tgtcaatgct ggcggcggct ctggtggtgg 5760ttctggtggc ggctctgagg gtggcggctc tgagggtggc ggctctgagg gtggcggttc 5820tgagggtggc ggctctgagg gtggcggttc cggtggcggc tccggttccg gtgattttga 5880ttatgaaaaa atggcaaacg ctaataaggg ggctatgacc gaaaatgccg atgaaaacgc 5940gctacagtct gacgctaaag gcaaacttga ttctgtcgct actgattacg gtgctgctat 6000cgatggtttc attggtgacg tttccggcct tgctaatggt aatggtgcta ctggtgattt 6060tgctggctct aattcccaaa tggctcaagt cggtgacggt gataattcac ctttaatgaa 6120taatttccgt caatatttac cttctttgcc tcagtcggtt gaatgtcgcc cttatgtctt 6180tggcgctggt aaaccatatg aattttctat tgattgtgac aaaataaact tattccgtgg 6240tgtctttgcg tttcttttat atgttgccac ctttatgtat gtattttcga cgtttgctaa 6300catactgcgt aataaggagt cttaataaga attcactggc cgtcgtttta caacgtcgtg 6360actgggaaaa ccctggcgtt acccaactta atcgccttgc agcacatccc cctttcgcca 6420gctggcgtaa tagcgaagag gcccgcaccg atcgcccttc ccaacagttg cgcagcctga 6480atggcgaatg gcgcctgatg cggtattttc tccttacgca tctgtgcggt atttcacacc 6540gcatacgtca aagcaaccat agtacgcgcc ctgtagcggc gcattaagcg cggcgggtgt 6600ggtggttacg cgcagcgtga ccgctacact tgccagcgcc ttagcgcccg ctcctttcgc 6660tttcttccct tcctttctcg ccacgttcgc cggctttccc cgtcaagctc taaatcgggg 6720gctcccttta gggttccgat ttagtgcttt acggcacctc gaccccaaaa aa 67729910293DNAArtificial SequenceMV1057 99tactcttcct ttttcaatat tattgaagca tttatcaggg ttattgtctc atgagcggat 60acatatttga atgtatttag aaaaataaac aaataggggt tccgcgcaca tttccccgaa 120aagtgccacc tgacgtcgac ggatcgggag atctcccgat cccctatggt gcactctcag 180tacaatctgc tctgatgccg catagttaag ccagtatctg ctccctgctt gtgtgttgga 240ggtcgctgag tagtgcgcga gcaaaattta agctacaaca aggcaaggct tgaccgacaa 300ttgcatgaag aatctgctta gggttaggcg ttttgcgctg cttcgctagg tggtcaatat 360tggccattag ccatattatt cattggttat atagcataaa tcaatattgg ctattggcca 420ttgcatacgt tgtatccata tcataatatg tacatttata ttggctcatg tccaacatta 480ccgccatgtt gacattgatt attgactagt tattaatagt aatcaattac ggggtcatta 540gttcatagcc catatatgga gttccgcgtt acataactta cggtaaatgg cccgcctggc 600tgaccgccca acgacccccg cccattgacg tcaataatga cgtatgttcc catagtaacg 660ccaataggga ctttccattg acgtcaatgg gtggagtatt tacggtaaac tgcccacttg 720gcagtacatc aagtgtatca tatgccaagt acgcccccta ttgacgtcaa tgacggtaaa 780tggcccgcct ggcattatgc ccagtacatg accttatggg actttcctac ttggcagtac 840atctacgtat tagtcatcgc tattaccatg gtgatgcggt tttggcagta catcaatggg 900cgtggatagc ggtttgactc acggggattt ccaagtctcc accccattga cgtcaatggg 960agtttgtttt ggcaccaaaa tcaacgggac tttccaaaat gtcgtaacaa ctccgcccca 1020ttgacgcaaa tgggcggtag gcgtgtacgg tgggaggtct atataagcag agctcgttta 1080gtgaaccgtc agatcgcctg gagacgccat ccacgctgtt ttgacctcca tagaagacac 1140cgggaccgat ccagcctccg cggccgggaa cggtgcattg gaagcttggt accggtgaat 1200tggccggccc gcgccgtcga ggttatcgat ccgaccgacg cgttcgcgag aggccgcaat 1260tccctagcca ccatgggatg gagctgtatc atcctcttct tggtactgct gctggcccag 1320ccggccatgg ggcggagaat gggcggaact gggcggagtt aggggcggga tgggcggagt 1380taggggcggg actatggttg ctgactaatt gagatgcgga tccgctggca cgacaggttt 1440cccgactgga aagcgggcag tgagcgcaac gcaattaatg tgagttagct cactcattag 1500gcaccccagg ctttacactt tatgcttccg gctcgtatgt tgtgtggaat tgtgagcgga 1560taacaatttc acacaggaaa cagctatgac catgattacg ccaagcttgg gctgcaggtt 1620ctttccgcct cagaagccat agagcccacc gcatccccag catgcctgct attgtcttcc 1680caatcctccc ccttgctgtc ctgccccacc ccacccccca gaatagaatg acacctactc 1740agacaatgcg atgcaatttc ctcattttat taggaaagga cagtgggagt ggcaccttcc 1800agggtcaagg aaggcacggg ggaggggcaa acaacagatg gctggcaact agaaggcaca 1860gtcgaggctg atcagcgagc tctagatcat cgatgcatgg ggtcgtgcgc tcctttcggt 1920cgggcgctgc gggtcgtggg gcgggcgtca ggcaccgggc ttgcgggtca tgcaccaggt 1980gcgcggtcct tcgggcacct cgacgtcggc ggtgacggtg aagccgagcc gctcgtagaa 2040ggggaggttg cggggcgcgg aggtctccag gaaggcgggc accccggcgc gctcggccgc 2100ctccactccg gggagcacga cggcgctgcc cagacccttg ccctggtggt cgggcgagac 2160gccgacggtg gccaggaacc acgcgggctc cttgggccgg tgcggcgcca ggaggccttc 2220catctgttgc tgcgcggcca gccgggaacc gctcaactcg gccatgcgcg ggccgatctc 2280ggcgaacacc gcccccgctt cgacgctctc cggcgtggtc cagaccgcca ccgcggcgcc 2340gtcgtccgcg acccacacct tgccgatgtc gagcccgacg cgcgtgagga agagttcttg 2400cagctcggtc accgtctcca gtgctagcac caagggccca tcggtcttcc ccctggcacc 2460ctcctccaag agcacctctg ggggcacagc ggccctgggc tgcctggtca aggactactt 2520ccccgaaccg gtgacggtgt cgtggaactc aggcgccctg accagcggcg tgcacacctt 2580cccggctgtc ctacagtcct caggactcta ctccctcagc agcgtcgtga ccgtgccctc 2640cagcagcttg ggcacccaga cctacatctg caacgtgaat cacaagccca gcaacaccaa 2700ggtggacaag agagttggtg agaggccagc acagggaggg agggtgtctg ctggaagcca 2760ggctcagcgc tcctgcctgg acgcatcccg gctatgcagt cccagtccag ggcagcaagg 2820caggccccgt ctgcctcttc acccggaggc ctctgcccgc cccactcatg ctcagggaga 2880gggtcttctg gctttttccc caggctctgg gcaggcacag gctaggtgcc cctaacccag 2940gccctgcaca caaaggggca ggtgctgggc tcagacctgc caagagccat atccgggagg 3000accctgcccc tgacctaagc ccaccccaaa ggccaaactc tccactccct cagctcggac 3060accttctctc ctcccagatt ccagtaactc ccaatcttct ctctgcagag cccaaatctt 3120gtgacaaaac tcacacatgc ccaccgtgcc cagcacctga actcctgggg ggaccgtcag 3180tcttcctctt ccccccaaaa cccaaggaca ccctcatgat ctcccggacc cctgaggtca 3240catgcgtggt ggtggacgtg agccacgaag accctgaggt caagttcaac tggtacgtgg 3300acggcgtgga ggtgcataat gccaagacaa agccgcggga ggagcagtac aacagcacgt 3360accgtgtggt cagcgtcctc accgtcctgc accaggactg gctgaatggc aaggagtaca 3420agtgcaaggt ctccaacaaa gccctcccag cccccatcga gaaaaccatc tccaaagcca 3480aagggcagcc ccgagaacca caggtgtaca ccctgccccc atcccgggag gagatgacca 3540agaaccaggt cagcctgacc tgcctggtca aaggcttcta tcccagcgac atcgccgtgg 3600agtgggagag caatgggcag ccggagaaca actacaagac cacgcctccc gtgctggact 3660ccgacggctc cttcttcctc tatagcaagc tcaccgtgga caagagcagg tggcagcagg 3720ggaacgtctt ctcatgctcc gtgatgcatg aggctctgca caaccactac acgcagaaga 3780gcctctccct gtctccgggt aaatgagttt aacggatctt aattaatccg agctcggtac 3840caagcttaag tttaaaccgc tgatcagcct cgactgtgcc ttctagttgc cagccatctg 3900ttgtttgccc ctcccccgtg ccttccttga ccctggaagg tgccactccc actgtccttt 3960cctaataaaa tgaggaaatt gcatcgcatt gtctgagtag gtgtcattct attctggggg 4020gtggggtggg gcaggacagc aagggggagg attgggaaga caatagcagg catgctgggg 4080atgcggtggg ctctatggct tctgaggcgg aaagaaccag ctggggctct agggggtatc 4140cccacgcgcc ctgtagcggc gcattaagcg cggcgggtgt ggtggttacg cgcagcgtga 4200ccgctacact tgccagcgcc tagcgcccgc tcctttcgct ttcttccctt cctttctcgc 4260cacgttcgcc ggctttcccc gtcaagctct aaatcggggg ctccctttag ggttccgatt 4320tagtgcttta cggcacctcg accccaaaaa acttgattag ggtgatggtt cacgtagtgg 4380gccatcgccc tgatagacgg tttttcgccc tttgacgttg gagtccacgt tctttaatag 4440tggactcttg ttccaaactg gaacaacact caaccctatc tcggtctatt cttttgattt 4500ataagggatt ttgccgattt cggcctattg gttaaaaaat gagctgattt aacaaaaatt 4560taacgcgaat taattctgtg gaatgtgtgt cagttagggt gtggaaagtc cccaggctcc 4620ccagcaggca gaagtatgca aagcatgcat ctcaattagt cagcaaccag gtgtggaaag 4680tccccaggct ccccagcagg cagaagtatg caaagcatgc atctcaatta gtcagcaacc 4740atagtcccgc ccctaactcc gcccatcccg cccctaactc cgcccagttc cgcccattct 4800ccgccccatg gctgactaat tttttttatt tatgcagagg ccgaggccgc ctctgcctct 4860gagctattcc agaagtagtg aggaggcttt tttggaggcc taggcttttg caaaaagctc 4920ccgggagctt ggatatccat tttcggatct gatcaagaga caggatgagg atcgtttcgc 4980atgattgaac aagatggatt gcacgcaggt tctccggccg cttgggtgga gaggctattc 5040ggctatgact gggcacaaca gacaatcggc tgctctgatg ccgccgtgtt ccggctgtca 5100gcgcaggggc gcccggttct ttttgtcaag accgacctgt ccggtgccct gaatgaactg 5160caggacgagg cagcgcggct atcgtggctg gccacgacgg gcgttccttg cgcagctgtg 5220ctcgacgttg tcactgaagc gggaagggac tggctgctat tgggcgaagt gccggggcag 5280gatctcctgt catctcacct tgctcctgcc gagaaagtat ccatcatggc tgatgcaatg 5340cggcggctgc atacgcttga tccggctacc tgcccattcg accaccaagc gaaacatcgc 5400atcgagcgag cacgtactcg gatggaagcc ggtcttgtcg atcaggatga tctggacgaa 5460gagcatcagg ggctcgcgcc agccgaactg ttcgccaggc tcaaggcgcg catgcccgac 5520ggcgaggatc tcgtcgtgac ccatggcgat gcctgcttgc cgaatatcat ggtggaaaat 5580ggccgctttt ctggattcat cgactgtggc cggctgggtg tggcggaccg ctatcaggac 5640atagcgttgg ctacccgtga tattgctgaa gagcttggcg gcgaatgggc tgaccgcttc 5700ctcgtgcttt acggtatcgc cgctcccgat tcgcagcgca tcgccttcta tcgccttctt 5760gacgagttct tctgagcggg actctggggt tcggtgctac gagatttcga ttccaccgcc 5820gccttctatg aaaggttggg cttcggaatc gttttccggg acgccggctg gatgatcctc 5880cagcgcgggg atctcatgct ggagttcttc gcccacccca acttgtttat tgcagcttat 5940aatggttaca aataaagcaa tagcatcaca aatttcacaa ataaagcatt tttttcactg 6000cattctagtt gtggtttgtc caaactcatc aatgtatctt atcatgtctg tataccgtcg 6060acctctagct agagcttggc gtaatcatgg tcatagctgt ttcctgtgtg aaattgttat 6120ccgctcacaa ttccacacaa catacgagcc ggaagcataa agtgtaaagc ctggggtgcc 6180taatgagtga gctaactcac attaattgcg ttgcgctcac tgcccgcttt ccagtcggga 6240aacctgtcgt gccagaattg catgaagaat ctgcttaggg ttaggcgttt tgcgctgctt 6300cgctaggtgg tcaatattgg ccattagcca tattattcat tggttatata gcataaatca 6360atattggcta ttggccattg catacgttgt atccatatca taatatgtac atttatattg 6420gctcatgtcc aacattaccg ccatgttgac attgattatt gactagttat taatagtaat 6480caattacggg gtcattagtt catagcccat atatggagtt ccgcgttaca taacttacgg 6540taaatggccc gcctggctga ccgcccaacg acccccgccc attgacgtca ataatgacgt 6600atgttcccat agtaacgcca atagggactt tccattgacg tcaatgggtg gagtatttac 6660ggtaaactgc ccacttggca gtacatcaag tgtatcatat gccaagtacg ccccctattg 6720acgtcaatga cggtaaatgg cccgcctggc attatgccca gtacatgacc ttatgggact 6780ttcctacttg gcagtacatc tacgtattag tcatcgctat taccatggtg atgcggtttt 6840ggcagtacat caatgggcgt ggatagcggt ttgactcacg gggatttcca agtctccacc 6900ccattgacgt caatgggagt ttgttttggc accaaaatca acgggacttt ccaaaatgtc 6960gtaacaactc cgccccattg acgcaaatgg gcggtaggcg tgtacggtgg gaggtctata 7020taagcagagc tcgtttagtg aaccgtcaga tcgcctggag acgccatcca cgctgttttg 7080acctccatag aagacaccgg gaccgatcca gcctccgcgg ccgggaacgg tgcattggaa 7140gcttggtacc ggtgaattag gcgcgccgtc gaggttatcg atccgaccga cgcgttcgcg 7200agaggccgca attccctagc caccatggca tgccctggct tcctgtgggc acttgtgatc 7260tccacctgtc ttgaattctc catggctgac atccagatga cccagtctcc atcctccctg 7320tctgcatctg taggagacag agtcaccatc acttgccggg caagtcagag cattagcagc 7380tacttaaatt ggtatcagca gaaaccaggg aaagccccta agctcctgat ctatgctgca 7440tccagtttgc aaagtggggt cccatcaagg ttcagtggca gtggatctgg gacagatttc 7500actctcacca tcagcagtct gcaacctgaa gattttgcaa cttactactg tcaacagagt 7560tacagtaccc ctccaacgtt cggccaaggg accaaggtgg agatcaaacg taagtgcact 7620ttgcggccgc taggaagaaa ctcaaaacat caagatttta aatacgcttc ttggtctcct 7680tgctataatt atctgggata agcatgctgt tttctgtctg tccctaacat gccctgtgat 7740tatccgcaaa caacacaccc aagggcagaa ctttgttact taaacaccat cctgtttgct 7800tctttcctca ggaactgtgg ctgcaccatc tgtcttcatc ttcccgccat ctgatgagca 7860gttgaaatct ggaactgcct ctgttgtgtg cctgctgaat aacttctatc ccagagaggc 7920caaagtacag tggaaggtgg ataacgccct ccaatcgggt aactcccagg agagtgtcac 7980agagcaggac agcaaggaca gcacctacag cctcagcagc accctgacgc tgagcaaagc 8040agactacgag aaacacaaag tctacgcctg cgaagtcacc catcagggcc tgagctcgcc 8100cgtcacaaag agcttcaaca ggggagagtg ttaggtttaa cggatccgag ctcggtacca 8160agctcaagtt taaaccgctg atcagcctcg actgtgcctt ctagttgcca gccatctgtt 8220gtttgcccct cccccgtgcc ttccttgacc ctggaaggtg ccactcccac tgtcctttcc 8280taataaaatg aggaaattgc atcgcattgt ctgagtaggt gtcattctat tctggggggt 8340ggggtggggc aggacagcaa gggggaggat tgggaagaca atagcaggca tgctggggat 8400gcggtgggct ctatggcttc tgaggcggaa agaaccagct gcattaatga atcggccaac 8460gcgcggggag aggcggtttg cgtattgggc gctcttccgc ttcctcgctc actgactcgc 8520tgcgctcggt cgttcggctg cggcgagcgg tatcagctca ctcaaaggcg gtaatacggt 8580tatccacaga atcaggggat aacgcaggaa agaacatgtg agcaaaaggc cagcaaaagg 8640ccaggaaccg taaaaaggcc gcgttgctgg cgtttttcca taggctccgc ccccctgacg 8700agcatcacaa aaatcgacgc tcaagtcaga ggtggcgaaa cccgacagga ctataaagat 8760accaggcgtt tccccctgga agctccctcg tgcgctctcc tgttccgacc ctgccgctta 8820ccggatacct gtccgccttt ctcccttcgg gaagcgtggc gctttctcat agctcacgct 8880gtaggtatct cagttcggtg taggtcgttc gctccaagct gggctgtgtg cacgaacccc 8940ccgttcagcc cgaccgctgc gccttatccg gtaactatcg tcttgagtcc aacccggtaa 9000gacacgactt atcgccactg gcagcagcca ctggtaacag gattagcaga gcgaggtatg 9060taggcggtgc tacagagttc ttgaagtggt ggcctaacta cggctacact agaagaacag 9120tatttggtat ctgcgctctg ctgaagccag ttaccttcgg aaaaagagtt ggtagctctt 9180gatccggcaa acaaaccacc gctggtagcg gtggtttttt tgtttgcaag cagcagatta 9240cgcgcagaaa aaaaggatct caagaagatc ctttgatctt ttctacgggg tctgacgctc 9300agtggaacga aaactcacgt taagggattt tggtcatgag attatcaaaa aggatcttca 9360cctagatcct tttaaattaa aaatgaagtt ttaaatcaat ctaaagtata tatgagtaaa 9420cttggtctga cagttaccaa tgcttaatca gtgaggcacc tatctcagcg atctgtctat 9480ttcgttcatc catagttgcc tgactccccg tcgtgtagat aactacgata cgggagggct 9540taccatctgg ccccagtgct gcaatgatac cgcgagaccc acgctcaccg gctccagatt 9600tatcagcaat aaaccagcca gccggaaggg ccgagcgcag aagtggtcct gcaactttat 9660ccgcctccat ccagtctatt

aattgttgcc gggaagctag agtaagtagt tcgccagtta 9720atagtttgcg caacgttgtt gccattgcta caggcatcgt ggtgtcacgc tcgtcgtttg 9780gtatggcttc attcagctcc ggttcccaac gatcaaggcg agttacatga tcccccatgt 9840tgtgcaaaaa agcggttagc tccttcggtc ctccgatcgt tgtcagaagt aagttggccg 9900cagtgttatc actcatggtt atggcagcac tgcataattc tcttactgtc atgccatccg 9960taagatgctt ttctgtgact ggtgagtact caaccaagtc attctgagaa tagtgtatgc 10020ggcgaccgag ttgctcttgc ccggcgtcaa tacgggataa taccgcgcca catagcagaa 10080ctttaaaagt gctcatcatt ggaaaacgtt cttcggggcg aaaactctca aggatcttac 10140cgctgttgag atccagttcg atgtaaccca ctcgtgcacc caactgatct tcagcatctt 10200ttactttcac cagcgtttct gggtgagcaa aaacaggaag gcaaaatgcc gcaaaaaagg 10260gaataagggc gacacggaaa tgttgaatac tca 102931008179DNAArtificial SequencepCAGGS-IgVK1-39 targeting vector 100atccaggcgc ggatcaataa aagatcatta ttttcaatag atctgtgtgt tggttttttg 60tgtgccttgg gggaggggga ggccagaatg aggcgcggcc aagggggagg gggaggccag 120aatgaccttg ggggaggggg aggccagaat gaccttgggg gagggggagg ccagaatgag 180gcgcggatcc ggagaagttc ctattccgaa gttcctattc ttcaaatagt ataggaactt 240cgctcgaggg atcggccatt gaacaagatg gattgcacgc aggttctccg gccgcttggg 300tggagaggct attcggctat gactgggcac aacagacaat cggctgctct gatgccgccg 360tgttccggct gtcagcgcag gggcgcccgg ttctttttgt caagaccgac ctgtccggtg 420ccctgaatga actgcaggac gaggcagcgc ggctatcgtg gctggccacg acgggcgttc 480cttgcgcagc tgtgctcgac gttgtcactg aagcgggaag ggactggctg ctattgggcg 540aagtgccggg gcaggatctc ctgtcatctc accttgctcc tgccgagaaa gtatccatca 600tggctgatgc aatgcggcgg ctgcatacgc ttgatccggc tacctgccca ttcgaccacc 660aagcgaaaca tcgcatcgag cgagcacgta ctcggatgga agccggtctt gtcgatcagg 720atgatctgga cgaagagcat caggggctcg cgccagccga actgttcgcc aggctcaagg 780cgcgcatgcc cgacggcgag gatctcgtcg tgacccatgg cgatgcctgc ttgccgaata 840tcatggtgga aaatggccgc ttttctggat tcatcgactg tggccggctg ggtgtggcgg 900accgctatca ggacatagcg ttggctaccc gtgatattgc tgaagagctt ggcggcgaat 960gggctgaccg cttcctcgtg ctttacggta tcgccgctcc cgattcgcag cgcatcgcct 1020tctatcgcct tcttgacgag ttcttctgag gggatcgatc cgctgtaagt ctgcagaaat 1080tgatgatcta ttaaacaata aagatgtcca ctaaaatgga agtttttcct gtcatacttt 1140gttaagaagg gtgagaacag agtacctaca ttttgaatgg aaggattgga gctacggggg 1200tgggggtggg gtgggattag ataaatgcct gctctttact gaaggctctt tactattgct 1260ttatgataat gtttcatagt tggatatcat aatttaaaca agcaaaacca aattaagggc 1320cagctcattc ctcccactca tgatctatag atctatagat ctctcgtggg atcattgttt 1380ttctcttgat tcccactttg tggttctaag tactgtggtt tccaaatgtg tcagtttcat 1440agcctgaaga acgagatcag cagcctctgt tccacataca cttcattctc agtattgttt 1500tgccaagttc taattccatc agaagctgac tctagatggc gcgtatgcag gttttcgaca 1560ttgattattg actagttatt aatagtaatc aattacgggg tcattagttc atagcccata 1620tatggagttc cgcgttacat aacttacggt aaatggcccg cctggctgac cgcccaacga 1680cccccgccca ttgacgtcaa taatgacgta tgttcccata gtaacgccaa tagggacttt 1740ccattgacgt caatgggtgg agtatttacg gtaaactgcc cacttggcag tacatcaagt 1800gtatcatatg ccaagtacgc cccctattga cgtcaatgac ggtaaatggc ccgcctggca 1860ttatgcccag tacatgacct tatgggactt tcctacttgg cagtacatct acgtattagt 1920catcgctatt accatggtcg aggtgagccc cacgttctgc ttcactctcc ccatctcccc 1980cccctcccca cccccaattt tgtatttatt tattttttaa ttattttgtg cagcgatggg 2040ggcggggggg gggggggcgc gcgccaggcg gggcggggcg gggcgagggg cggggcgggg 2100cgaggcggag aggtgcggcg gcagccaatc agagcggcgc gctccgaaag tttcctttta 2160tggcgaggcg gcggcggcgg cggccctata aaaagcgaag cgcgcggcgg gcgggagtcg 2220ctgcgttgcc ttcgccccgt gccccgctcc gcgccgcctc gcgccgcccg ccccggctct 2280gactgaccgc gttactccca caggtgagcg ggcgggacgg cccttctcct ccgggctgta 2340attagcgctt ggtttaatga cggctcgttt cttttctgtg gctgcgtgaa agccttaaag 2400ggctccggga gggccctttg tgcggggggg agcggctcgg ggggtgcgtg cgtgtgtgtg 2460tgcgtgggga gcgccgcgtg cggcccgcgc tgcccggcgg ctgtgagcgc tgcgggcgcg 2520gcgcggggct ttgtgcgctc cgcgtgtgcg cgaggggagc gcggccgggg gcggtgcccc 2580gcggtgcggg ggggctgcga ggggaacaaa ggctgcgtgc ggggtgtgtg cgtggggggg 2640tgagcagggg gtgtgggcgc ggcggtcggg ctgtaacccc cccctgcacc cccctccccg 2700agttgctgag cacggcccgg cttcgggtgc ggggctccgt gcggggcgtg gcgcggggct 2760cgccgtgccg ggcggggggt ggcggcaggt gggggtgccg ggcggggcgg ggccgcctcg 2820ggccggggag ggctcggggg aggggcgcgg cggccccgga gcgccggcgg ctgtcgaggc 2880gcggcgagcc gcagccattg ccttttatgg taatcgtgcg agagggcgca gggacttcct 2940ttgtcccaaa tctgtgcgga gccgaaatct gggaggcgcc gccgcacccc ctctagcggg 3000cgcggggcga agcggtgcgg cgccggcagg aaggaaatgg gcggggaggg ccttcgtgcg 3060tcgccgcgcc gccgtcccct tctccctctc cagcctcggg gctgtccgcg gggggacggc 3120tgccttcggg ggggacgggg cagggcgggg ttcggcttct ggcgtgtgac cggcggctct 3180agaagcgttg gggtgagtac tccctctcaa aagcgggcat gacttctgcg ctaagattgt 3240cagtttccaa aaacgaggag gatttgatat tcacctggcc cgcggtgatg cctttgaggg 3300tggccgcgtc catctggtca gaaaagacaa tctttttgtt gtcaagcttg aggtgtggca 3360ggcttgagat ctggccatac acttgagtga cattgacatc cactttgcct ttctctccac 3420aggtgtccac tcccagggcg gcctccggag cgatcgccga tccgcctagg caattgttta 3480aatcggccgg ccataacttc gtataatgta tgctatacga agttatggat cctcacagta 3540ggtggcatcg ttcctttctg actgcccgcc ccccgcatgc cgtcccgcga tattgagctc 3600cgaacctctc gccctgccgc cgccggtgct ccgtcgccgc cgcgccgcca tggaatcgaa 3660gccaccatgg atcttaccgg aaaactcgac gcaagaaaaa tcagagagat cctcataaag 3720gtcaagaagg gcggaaagat cgccgtgtaa ttctagaccg gttcgagatc caggcgcgga 3780tcaataaaag atcattattt tcaatagatc tgtgtgttgg ttttttgtgt gccttggggg 3840agggggaggc cagaatgagg cgcggccaag ggggaggggg aggccagaat gaccttgggg 3900gagggggagg ccagaatgac cttgggggag ggggaggcca gaatgaggcg cgccctccgt 3960cgacctataa cttcgtataa tgtatgctat acgaagttat ggcggccgcc accatggaca 4020tgagagtgcc cgcccagctc ctggggctcc tgctactctg gctccgaggt aaggatggag 4080aacactagga atttactcag ccagtgtgct cagtactgac tggaacttca gggaagttct 4140ctgataacat gattaatagt aagaatattt gtttttatgt ttccaatctc aggtgccaga 4200tgtgacatcc agatgaccca gagccccagc agcctgagcg ccagcgtggg cgacagagtg 4260accatcacct gcagagccag ccagagcatc agcagctacc tgaactggta tcagcagaag 4320cccggcaagg cccccaagct gctgatctac gccgccagct ccctgcagag cggcgtgccc 4380agcagattca gcggcagcgg ctccggcacc gacttcaccc tgaccatcag cagcctgcag 4440cccgaggact tcgccaccta ctactgccag cagagctaca gcaccccccc caccttcggc 4500cagggcacca aggtggagat caagagagcc gacgccgctc ccaccgtgtc catcttcccc 4560cccagcatgg aacagctgac ctctggcgga gccaccgtgg tctgcttcgt gaacaacttc 4620taccccagag acatcagcgt gaagtggaag atcgacggca gcgagcagag ggacggcgtg 4680ctggacagcg tgaccgacca ggacagcaag gactccacct acagcatgag cagcaccctg 4740agcctgacca aggtggagta cgagaggcac aacctgtaca cctgcgaggt ggtgcacaag 4800accagctcca gccccgtggt caagtccttc aaccggaacg agtgttgagc tagcttaaga 4860tttaaatagg ccggccgcgt cgacctcgag atccaggcgc ggatcaataa aagatcatta 4920ttttcaatag atctgtgtgt tggttttttg tgtgccttgg gggaggggga ggccagaatg 4980aggcgcggcc aagggggagg gggaggccag aatgaccttg ggggaggggg aggccagaat 5040gaccttgggg gagggggagg ccagaatgag gcgcgccccc gggtaccgag ctcgaattag 5100tggatcctca cagtaggtgg catcgttcct ttctgactgc ccgccccccg catgccgtcc 5160cgcgatattg agctccgaac ctctcgccct gccgccgccg gtgctccgtc gccgccgcgc 5220cgccatggaa tcgcgccggt aaccgaagtt cctatacttt ctagagaata ggaacttcgg 5280aataggaact tcaagccggt acccagcttt tgttcccttt agtgagggtt aatttcgagc 5340ttggcgtaat catggtcata gctgtttcct gtgtgaaatt gttatccgct cacaattcca 5400cacaacatac gagccgggag cataaagtgt aaagcctggg gtgcctaatg agtgagctaa 5460ctcacattaa ttgcgttgcg ctcactgccc gctttccagt cgggaaacct gtcgtgccag 5520ctgcattaat gaatcggcca acgcgcgggg agaggcggtt tgcgtattgg gcgctcttcc 5580gcttcctcgc tcactgactc gctgcgctcg gtcgttcggc tgcggcgagc ggtatcagct 5640cactcaaagg cggtaatacg gttatccaca gaatcagggg ataacgcagg aaagaacatg 5700tgagcaaaag gccagcaaaa ggccaggaac cgtaaaaagg ccgcgttgct ggcgtttttc 5760cataggctcc gcccccctga cgagcatcac aaaaatcgac gctcaagtca gaggtggcga 5820aacccgacag gactataaag ataccaggcg tttccccctg gaagctccct cgtgcgctct 5880cctgttccga ccctgccgct taccggatac ctgtccgcct ttctcccttc gggaagcgtg 5940gcgctttctc atagctcacg ctgtaggtat ctcagttcgg tgtaggtcgt tcgctccaag 6000ctgggctgtg tgcacgaacc ccccgttcag cccgaccgct gcgccttatc cggtaactat 6060cgtcttgagt ccaacccggt aagacacgac ttatcgccac tggcagcagc cactggtaac 6120aggattagca gagcgaggta tgtaggcggt gctacagagt tcttgaagtg gtggcctaac 6180tacggctaca ctagaaggac agtatttggt atctgcgctc tgctgaagcc agttaccttc 6240ggaaaaagag ttggtagctc ttgatccggc aaacaaacca ccgctggtag cggtggtttt 6300tttgtttgca agcagcagat tacgcgcaga aaaaaaggat ctcaagaaga tcctttgatc 6360ttttctacgg ggtctgacgc tcagtggaac gaaaactcac gttaagggat tttggtcatg 6420agattatcaa aaaggatctt cacctagatc cttttaaatt aaaaatgaag ttttaaatca 6480atctaaagta tatatgagta aacttggtct gacagttacc aatgcttaat cagtgaggca 6540cctatctcag cgatctgtct atttcgttca tccatagttg cctgactccc cgtcgtgtag 6600ataactacga tacgggaggg cttaccatct ggccccagtg ctgcaatgat accgcgagac 6660ccacgctcac cggctccaga tttatcagca ataaaccagc cagccggaag ggccgagcgc 6720agaagtggtc ctgcaacttt atccgcctcc atccagtcta ttaattgttg ccgggaagct 6780agagtaagta gttcgccagt taatagtttg cgcaacgttg ttgccattgc tacaggcatc 6840gtggtgtcac gctcgtcgtt tggtatggct tcattcagct ccggttccca acgatcaagg 6900cgagttacat gatcccccat gttgtgcaaa aaagcggtta gctccttcgg tcctccgatc 6960gttgtcagaa gtaagttggc cgcagtgtta tcactcatgg ttatggcagc actgcataat 7020tctcttactg tcatgccatc cgtaagatgc ttttctgtga ctggtgagta ctcaaccaag 7080tcattctgag aatagtgtat gcggcgaccg agttgctctt gcccggcgtc aatacgggat 7140aataccgcgc cacatagcag aactttaaaa gtgctcatca ttggaaaacg ttcttcgggg 7200cgaaaactct caaggatctt accgctgttg agatccagtt cgatgtaacc cactcgtgca 7260cccaactgat cttcagcatc ttttactttc accagcgttt ctgggtgagc aaaaacagga 7320aggcaaaatg ccgcaaaaaa gggaataagg gcgacacgga aatgttgaat actcatactc 7380ttcctttttc aatattattg aagcatttat cagggttatt gtctcatgag cggatacata 7440tttgaatgta tttagaaaaa taaacaaata ggggttccgc gcacatttcc ccgaaaagtg 7500ccacctaaat tgtaagcgtt aatattttgt taaaattcgc gttaaatttt tgttaaatca 7560gctcattttt taaccaatag gccgaaatcg gcaaaatccc ttataaatca aaagaataga 7620ccgagatagg gttgagtgtt gttccagttt ggaacaagag tccactatta aagaacgtgg 7680actccaacgt caaagggcga aaaaccgtct atcagggcga tggcccacta cgtgaaccat 7740caccctaatc aagttttttg gggtcgaggt gccgtaaagc actaaatcgg aaccctaaag 7800ggagcccccg atttagagct tgacggggaa agccggcgaa cgtggcgaga aaggaaggga 7860agaaagcgaa aggagcgggc gctagggcgc tggcaagtgt agcggtcacg ctgcgcgtaa 7920ccaccacacc cgccgcgctt aatgcgccgc tacagggcgc gtcccattcg ccattcaggc 7980tgcgcaactg ttgggaaggg cgatcggtgc gggcctcttc gctattacgc cagctggcga 8040aagggggatg tgctgcaagg cgattaagtt gggtaacgcc agggttttcc cagtcacgac 8100gttgtaaaac gacggccagt gagcgcgcgt aatacgactc actatagggc gaattggggg 8160taactaagta aggatcgag 81791018188DNAArtificial SequencepCAGGS-IgVL2-14 targeting vector 101atccaggcgc ggatcaataa aagatcatta ttttcaatag atctgtgtgt tggttttttg 60tgtgccttgg gggaggggga ggccagaatg aggcgcggcc aagggggagg gggaggccag 120aatgaccttg ggggaggggg aggccagaat gaccttgggg gagggggagg ccagaatgag 180gcgcggatcc ggagaagttc ctattccgaa gttcctattc ttcaaatagt ataggaactt 240cgctcgaggg atcggccatt gaacaagatg gattgcacgc aggttctccg gccgcttggg 300tggagaggct attcggctat gactgggcac aacagacaat cggctgctct gatgccgccg 360tgttccggct gtcagcgcag gggcgcccgg ttctttttgt caagaccgac ctgtccggtg 420ccctgaatga actgcaggac gaggcagcgc ggctatcgtg gctggccacg acgggcgttc 480cttgcgcagc tgtgctcgac gttgtcactg aagcgggaag ggactggctg ctattgggcg 540aagtgccggg gcaggatctc ctgtcatctc accttgctcc tgccgagaaa gtatccatca 600tggctgatgc aatgcggcgg ctgcatacgc ttgatccggc tacctgccca ttcgaccacc 660aagcgaaaca tcgcatcgag cgagcacgta ctcggatgga agccggtctt gtcgatcagg 720atgatctgga cgaagagcat caggggctcg cgccagccga actgttcgcc aggctcaagg 780cgcgcatgcc cgacggcgag gatctcgtcg tgacccatgg cgatgcctgc ttgccgaata 840tcatggtgga aaatggccgc ttttctggat tcatcgactg tggccggctg ggtgtggcgg 900accgctatca ggacatagcg ttggctaccc gtgatattgc tgaagagctt ggcggcgaat 960gggctgaccg cttcctcgtg ctttacggta tcgccgctcc cgattcgcag cgcatcgcct 1020tctatcgcct tcttgacgag ttcttctgag gggatcgatc cgctgtaagt ctgcagaaat 1080tgatgatcta ttaaacaata aagatgtcca ctaaaatgga agtttttcct gtcatacttt 1140gttaagaagg gtgagaacag agtacctaca ttttgaatgg aaggattgga gctacggggg 1200tgggggtggg gtgggattag ataaatgcct gctctttact gaaggctctt tactattgct 1260ttatgataat gtttcatagt tggatatcat aatttaaaca agcaaaacca aattaagggc 1320cagctcattc ctcccactca tgatctatag atctatagat ctctcgtggg atcattgttt 1380ttctcttgat tcccactttg tggttctaag tactgtggtt tccaaatgtg tcagtttcat 1440agcctgaaga acgagatcag cagcctctgt tccacataca cttcattctc agtattgttt 1500tgccaagttc taattccatc agaagctgac tctagatggc gcgtatgcag gttttcgaca 1560ttgattattg actagttatt aatagtaatc aattacgggg tcattagttc atagcccata 1620tatggagttc cgcgttacat aacttacggt aaatggcccg cctggctgac cgcccaacga 1680cccccgccca ttgacgtcaa taatgacgta tgttcccata gtaacgccaa tagggacttt 1740ccattgacgt caatgggtgg agtatttacg gtaaactgcc cacttggcag tacatcaagt 1800gtatcatatg ccaagtacgc cccctattga cgtcaatgac ggtaaatggc ccgcctggca 1860ttatgcccag tacatgacct tatgggactt tcctacttgg cagtacatct acgtattagt 1920catcgctatt accatggtcg aggtgagccc cacgttctgc ttcactctcc ccatctcccc 1980cccctcccca cccccaattt tgtatttatt tattttttaa ttattttgtg cagcgatggg 2040ggcggggggg gggggggcgc gcgccaggcg gggcggggcg gggcgagggg cggggcgggg 2100cgaggcggag aggtgcggcg gcagccaatc agagcggcgc gctccgaaag tttcctttta 2160tggcgaggcg gcggcggcgg cggccctata aaaagcgaag cgcgcggcgg gcgggagtcg 2220ctgcgttgcc ttcgccccgt gccccgctcc gcgccgcctc gcgccgcccg ccccggctct 2280gactgaccgc gttactccca caggtgagcg ggcgggacgg cccttctcct ccgggctgta 2340attagcgctt ggtttaatga cggctcgttt cttttctgtg gctgcgtgaa agccttaaag 2400ggctccggga gggccctttg tgcggggggg agcggctcgg ggggtgcgtg cgtgtgtgtg 2460tgcgtgggga gcgccgcgtg cggcccgcgc tgcccggcgg ctgtgagcgc tgcgggcgcg 2520gcgcggggct ttgtgcgctc cgcgtgtgcg cgaggggagc gcggccgggg gcggtgcccc 2580gcggtgcggg ggggctgcga ggggaacaaa ggctgcgtgc ggggtgtgtg cgtggggggg 2640tgagcagggg gtgtgggcgc ggcggtcggg ctgtaacccc cccctgcacc cccctccccg 2700agttgctgag cacggcccgg cttcgggtgc ggggctccgt gcggggcgtg gcgcggggct 2760cgccgtgccg ggcggggggt ggcggcaggt gggggtgccg ggcggggcgg ggccgcctcg 2820ggccggggag ggctcggggg aggggcgcgg cggccccgga gcgccggcgg ctgtcgaggc 2880gcggcgagcc gcagccattg ccttttatgg taatcgtgcg agagggcgca gggacttcct 2940ttgtcccaaa tctgtgcgga gccgaaatct gggaggcgcc gccgcacccc ctctagcggg 3000cgcggggcga agcggtgcgg cgccggcagg aaggaaatgg gcggggaggg ccttcgtgcg 3060tcgccgcgcc gccgtcccct tctccctctc cagcctcggg gctgtccgcg gggggacggc 3120tgccttcggg ggggacgggg cagggcgggg ttcggcttct ggcgtgtgac cggcggctct 3180agaagcgttg gggtgagtac tccctctcaa aagcgggcat gacttctgcg ctaagattgt 3240cagtttccaa aaacgaggag gatttgatat tcacctggcc cgcggtgatg cctttgaggg 3300tggccgcgtc catctggtca gaaaagacaa tctttttgtt gtcaagcttg aggtgtggca 3360ggcttgagat ctggccatac acttgagtga cattgacatc cactttgcct ttctctccac 3420aggtgtccac tcccagggcg gcctccggag cgatcgccga tccgcctagg caattgttta 3480aatcggccgg ccataacttc gtataatgta tgctatacga agttatggat cctcacagta 3540ggtggcatcg ttcctttctg actgcccgcc ccccgcatgc cgtcccgcga tattgagctc 3600cgaacctctc gccctgccgc cgccggtgct ccgtcgccgc cgcgccgcca tggaatcgaa 3660gccaccatgg atcttaccgg aaaactcgac gcaagaaaaa tcagagagat cctcataaag 3720gtcaagaagg gcggaaagat cgccgtgtaa ttctagaccg gttcgagatc caggcgcgga 3780tcaataaaag atcattattt tcaatagatc tgtgtgttgg ttttttgtgt gccttggggg 3840agggggaggc cagaatgagg cgcggccaag ggggaggggg aggccagaat gaccttgggg 3900gagggggagg ccagaatgac cttgggggag ggggaggcca gaatgaggcg cgccctccgt 3960cgacctataa cttcgtataa tgtatgctat acgaagttat ggcggccgcc accatggaca 4020tgagagtgcc cgcccagctc ctggggctcc tgctactctg gctccgaggt aaggatggag 4080aacactagga atttactcag ccagtgtgct cagtactgac tggaacttca gggaagttct 4140ctgataacat gattaatagt aagaatattt gtttttatgt ttccaatctc aggtgccaga 4200tgtcagtctg ccctgaccca gcccgcctct gtgtctggca gccctggcca gagcatcacc 4260atcagctgca ccggcaccag cagcgacgtg ggcggctaca actacgtgtc ctggtatcag 4320cagcaccccg gcaaggcccc caagctgatg atctacgagg tgtccaacag acccagcggc 4380gtgagcaaca gattcagcgg cagcaagagc ggcaacaccg ccagcctgac catcagcggc 4440ctccaggctg aggacgaggc cgactactac tgcagcagct acaccagcag ctccaccctg 4500gtgtttggcg gcggaacaaa gctgaccgtg ctgagagccg acgccgctcc caccgtgtcc 4560atcttccccc ccagcatgga acagctgacc tctggcggag ccaccgtggt ctgcttcgtg 4620aacaacttct accccagaga catcagcgtg aagtggaaga tcgacggcag cgagcagagg 4680gacggcgtgc tggacagcgt gaccgaccag gacagcaagg actccaccta cagcatgagc 4740agcaccctga gcctgaccaa ggtggagtac gagaggcaca acctgtacac ctgcgaggtg 4800gtgcacaaga ccagctccag ccccgtggtc aagtccttca accggaacga gtgttgagct 4860agcttaagat ttaaataggc cggccgcgtc gacctcgaga tccaggcgcg gatcaataaa 4920agatcattat tttcaataga tctgtgtgtt ggttttttgt gtgccttggg ggagggggag 4980gccagaatga ggcgcggcca agggggaggg ggaggccaga atgaccttgg gggaggggga 5040ggccagaatg accttggggg agggggaggc cagaatgagg cgcgcccccg ggtaccgagc 5100tcgaattagt ggatcctcac agtaggtggc atcgttcctt tctgactgcc cgccccccgc 5160atgccgtccc gcgatattga gctccgaacc tctcgccctg ccgccgccgg tgctccgtcg 5220ccgccgcgcc gccatggaat cgcgccggta accgaagttc ctatactttc tagagaatag 5280gaacttcgga ataggaactt caagccggta cccagctttt gttcccttta gtgagggtta 5340atttcgagct tggcgtaatc atggtcatag ctgtttcctg tgtgaaattg ttatccgctc 5400acaattccac acaacatacg agccgggagc ataaagtgta aagcctgggg tgcctaatga 5460gtgagctaac tcacattaat tgcgttgcgc tcactgcccg ctttccagtc gggaaacctg 5520tcgtgccagc tgcattaatg aatcggccaa cgcgcgggga gaggcggttt gcgtattggg 5580cgctcttccg cttcctcgct cactgactcg ctgcgctcgg tcgttcggct gcggcgagcg 5640gtatcagctc actcaaaggc ggtaatacgg ttatccacag aatcagggga taacgcagga 5700aagaacatgt gagcaaaagg ccagcaaaag gccaggaacc gtaaaaaggc cgcgttgctg 5760gcgtttttcc ataggctccg cccccctgac gagcatcaca aaaatcgacg ctcaagtcag 5820aggtggcgaa acccgacagg actataaaga taccaggcgt ttccccctgg aagctccctc 5880gtgcgctctc ctgttccgac cctgccgctt accggatacc tgtccgcctt tctcccttcg 5940ggaagcgtgg cgctttctca tagctcacgc tgtaggtatc tcagttcggt gtaggtcgtt 6000cgctccaagc tgggctgtgt gcacgaaccc cccgttcagc ccgaccgctg cgccttatcc 6060ggtaactatc gtcttgagtc

caacccggta agacacgact tatcgccact ggcagcagcc 6120actggtaaca ggattagcag agcgaggtat gtaggcggtg ctacagagtt cttgaagtgg 6180tggcctaact acggctacac tagaaggaca gtatttggta tctgcgctct gctgaagcca 6240gttaccttcg gaaaaagagt tggtagctct tgatccggca aacaaaccac cgctggtagc 6300ggtggttttt ttgtttgcaa gcagcagatt acgcgcagaa aaaaaggatc tcaagaagat 6360cctttgatct tttctacggg gtctgacgct cagtggaacg aaaactcacg ttaagggatt 6420ttggtcatga gattatcaaa aaggatcttc acctagatcc ttttaaatta aaaatgaagt 6480tttaaatcaa tctaaagtat atatgagtaa acttggtctg acagttacca atgcttaatc 6540agtgaggcac ctatctcagc gatctgtcta tttcgttcat ccatagttgc ctgactcccc 6600gtcgtgtaga taactacgat acgggagggc ttaccatctg gccccagtgc tgcaatgata 6660ccgcgagacc cacgctcacc ggctccagat ttatcagcaa taaaccagcc agccggaagg 6720gccgagcgca gaagtggtcc tgcaacttta tccgcctcca tccagtctat taattgttgc 6780cgggaagcta gagtaagtag ttcgccagtt aatagtttgc gcaacgttgt tgccattgct 6840acaggcatcg tggtgtcacg ctcgtcgttt ggtatggctt cattcagctc cggttcccaa 6900cgatcaaggc gagttacatg atcccccatg ttgtgcaaaa aagcggttag ctccttcggt 6960cctccgatcg ttgtcagaag taagttggcc gcagtgttat cactcatggt tatggcagca 7020ctgcataatt ctcttactgt catgccatcc gtaagatgct tttctgtgac tggtgagtac 7080tcaaccaagt cattctgaga atagtgtatg cggcgaccga gttgctcttg cccggcgtca 7140atacgggata ataccgcgcc acatagcaga actttaaaag tgctcatcat tggaaaacgt 7200tcttcggggc gaaaactctc aaggatctta ccgctgttga gatccagttc gatgtaaccc 7260actcgtgcac ccaactgatc ttcagcatct tttactttca ccagcgtttc tgggtgagca 7320aaaacaggaa ggcaaaatgc cgcaaaaaag ggaataaggg cgacacggaa atgttgaata 7380ctcatactct tcctttttca atattattga agcatttatc agggttattg tctcatgagc 7440ggatacatat ttgaatgtat ttagaaaaat aaacaaatag gggttccgcg cacatttccc 7500cgaaaagtgc cacctaaatt gtaagcgtta atattttgtt aaaattcgcg ttaaattttt 7560gttaaatcag ctcatttttt aaccaatagg ccgaaatcgg caaaatccct tataaatcaa 7620aagaatagac cgagataggg ttgagtgttg ttccagtttg gaacaagagt ccactattaa 7680agaacgtgga ctccaacgtc aaagggcgaa aaaccgtcta tcagggcgat ggcccactac 7740gtgaaccatc accctaatca agttttttgg ggtcgaggtg ccgtaaagca ctaaatcgga 7800accctaaagg gagcccccga tttagagctt gacggggaaa gccggcgaac gtggcgagaa 7860aggaagggaa gaaagcgaaa ggagcgggcg ctagggcgct ggcaagtgta gcggtcacgc 7920tgcgcgtaac caccacaccc gccgcgctta atgcgccgct acagggcgcg tcccattcgc 7980cattcaggct gcgcaactgt tgggaagggc gatcggtgcg ggcctcttcg ctattacgcc 8040agctggcgaa agggggatgt gctgcaaggc gattaagttg ggtaacgcca gggttttccc 8100agtcacgacg ttgtaaaacg acggccagtg agcgcgcgta atacgactca ctatagggcg 8160aattgggggt aactaagtaa ggatcgag 818810210DNAArtificial SequenceKozak sequence 102gccaccatgg 10

* * * * *

File A Patent Application

  • Protect your idea -- Don't let someone else file first. Learn more.

  • 3 Easy Steps -- Complete Form, application Review, and File. See our process.

  • Attorney Review -- Have your application reviewed by a Patent Attorney. See what's included.