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United States Patent Application 20180252062
Kind Code A1
Robinson; Samuel ;   et al. September 6, 2018

THREAD SHEAR WIRELINE ADAPTER KIT AND BOREHOLE TOOL SETTING ARRANGEMENT AND METHOD

Abstract

A thread shear based wireline adapter kit and downhole tool setting arrangement including a downhole tool having an inside diameter flow path extending therethrough after setting of the downhole tool, a wireline adapter kit disposed in the flow path, a member disposed at a downhole end of the downhole tool, the member having a threadform therein, the threadform threaded to the wireline adapter kit, the threadform shearable to release the wireline adapter kit from the downhole tool after setting leaving the flow path open. A method for setting a downhole tool including pulling a wireline adapter kit (WLAK) that is secured to a downhole tool by a threadform, loading the threadform axially to set the tool, further loading the threadform to axially shear the threadform, releasing the WLAK from the downhole tool leaving a flow path through the downhole tool.


Inventors: Robinson; Samuel; (Houston, TX) ; Parekh; Yash; (Houston, TX) ; Ramirez; Hector; (Houston, TX)
Applicant:
Name City State Country Type

Robinson; Samuel
Parekh; Yash
Ramirez; Hector

Houston
Houston
Houston

TX
TX
TX

US
US
US
Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
Houston
TX

Family ID: 1000002511764
Appl. No.: 15/448190
Filed: March 2, 2017


Current U.S. Class: 1/1
Current CPC Class: E21B 23/14 20130101; E21B 23/01 20130101; E21B 29/00 20130101
International Class: E21B 23/14 20060101 E21B023/14; E21B 29/00 20060101 E21B029/00; E21B 23/01 20060101 E21B023/01

Claims



1. A thread shear based wireline adapter kit and downhole tool setting arrangement comprising: a downhole tool having an inside diameter flow path extending therethrough after setting of the downhole tool; a wireline adapter kit disposed in the flow path; a member disposed at a downhole end of the downhole tool, the member having a threadform therein, the threadform threaded to the wireline adapter kit, the threadform shearable to release the wireline adapter kit from the downhole tool after setting leaving the flow path open.

2. The arrangement as claimed in claim 1 wherein the member is a bottom sub of the downhole tool.

3. The arrangement as claimed in claim 1 wherein the member is a ring disposed adjacent and downhole of a bottom sub of the downhole tool.

4. The arrangement as claimed in claim 1 wherein the threadform is a multistart threadform.

5. The arrangement as claimed in claim 4 wherein the multistart threadform is a three start threadform.

6. The arrangement as claimed in claim 1 wherein the multistart threadform is a four start threadform.

7. The arrangement as claimed in claim 1 wherein the member is constructed of a degradable material.

8. The arrangement as claimed in claim 7 wherein the degradable material is a controlled electrolytic metallic material.

9. A method for setting a downhole tool comprising: pulling a wireline adapter kit (WLAK)that is secured to a downhole tool by a threadform; loading the threadform axially to set the tool; further loading the threadform to axially shear the threadform; releasing the WLAK from the downhole tool leaving a flow path through the downhole tool.
Description



BACKGROUND

[0001] In the drilling and completions resource recovery and carbon dioxide sequestration industries, those of ordinary skill in the art will recognize that there are many arrangements and methods to set tools in the downhole environment but will be equally well versed in the knowledge that new exploratory and completions methods often present new challenges rendering prior art arrangements and methods either unsuitable of use or unfavorable for use thereby driving the industry to be open to improved and different arrangements and methods that address new issues or bring greater efficiency or both, for example.

SUMMARY

[0002] A thread shear based wireline adapter kit and downhole tool setting arrangement including a downhole tool having an inside diameter flow path extending therethrough after setting of the downhole tool, a wireline adapter kit disposed in the flow path, a member disposed at a downhole end of the downhole tool, the member having a threadform therein, the threadform threaded to the wireline adapter kit, the threadform shearable to release the wireline adapter kit from the downhole tool after setting leaving the flow path open.

[0003] A method for setting a downhole tool including pulling a wireline adapter kit (WLAK) that is secured to a downhole tool by a threadform, loading the threadform axially to set the tool, further loading the threadform to axially shear the threadform, releasing the WLAK from the downhole tool leaving a flow path through the downhole tool.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0004] The following descriptions should not be considered limiting in any way. With reference to the accompanying drawings, like elements are numbered alike:

[0005] FIG. 1 is a schematic cross section view of a downhole tool with a wireline adapter kit disposed therein and attached by a shearable threaded connection to a bottom sub of the downhole tool, the figure showing the arrangement in a run in position;

[0006] FIG. 2 is a schematic cross section view of a downhole tool with a wireline adapter kit disposed therein and attached by a shearable threaded connection to a ring adjacent a bottom sub of the downhole tool, the figure showing the arrangement in a set position but not sheared; and

[0007] FIG. 3 is a schematic cross section view of a downhole tool with a wireline adapter kit disposed therein that is intended to illustrate a condition after shearing of the threads for either of FIG. 1 or 2 by either viewing the drawing as shown (for FIG. 2) or viewing the drawing while ignoring the existence of the ring (for FIG. 1).

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0008] A detailed description of one or more embodiments of the disclosed apparatus and method are presented herein by way of exemplification and not limitation with reference to the Figures.

[0009] Referring to FIG. 1, an embodiment of a thread shear based wireline adapter kit and downhole tool setting arrangement 10 is illustrated. The downhole tool 11 illustrated is a seal tool comprising a cone 12, a slip 14, a seal 16 and a bottom sub 20 but it is to be understood that these are merely by way of example in order to convey to the reader the invention disclosed herein and could be substituted by other tools that are settable in the downhole environment. All of these components are illustrated within a tubular 22 such as a casing. The particular embodiment illustrated is settable by pulling the bottom sub 20 in the uphole direction while holding the cone 12 in a relatively fixed position by sleeve 21. This will cause the slip(s) 14 to ride up the cone 12 and expand radially outwardly into biting contact with the tubular 22 thereby anchoring the tool to the tubular 22. While the slip(s) 14 move up the cone 12, the seal 16 is urged radially outwardly as well and hence ultimately creates a pressure tight annular seal between the cone 12 and the tubular 22. It will also be appreciated that the tool as illustrated provides an inside diameter flow path 24 therethough post setting and withdrawal of a wireline adapter kit (WLAK) 26 that is used as the setting tool.

[0010] The WLAK 26 includes a threadform 28 at a downhole end 30 thereof. The threadform 28 will be engaged with a complementary threadform in a member (e.g. threadform 32 in the bottom sub 20 of FIG. 1 or threadform 36 in a ring 34 of FIG. 2) of the arrangement. The threadforms are used as a shear release mechanism to provide sufficient energy to set the downhole tool and then shear at a predictable level to withdraw the WLAK 26. In the embodiment of FIG. 1, the threadform 28 is engaged for run in with the complementary threadform 32 in the bottom sub 20 whereas in the embodiment of FIG. 2, the threadform 28 is engaged for run in with the complementary thread 36 in ring 34. Specifically, the threadform 32 is effectively moved from the position of FIG. 1 to a different position in FIG. 2, where it is assigned numeral 36 for differentiation.

[0011] The tool 11 is set by pulling the WLAK 26 in an uphole direction while holding the cone 12 with the sleeve 21. This loads the threadforms in the axial direction, axial being defined by considering the helix of the threadform having a central axis about which the thread is helically wound. Upon fully setting the tool 11 by loading the threadform 28/32, 36 to a tensile rating sufficient to set the tool, the threadform 28/32, 36 is loaded to a higher tensile force to cause the threadform 28/32, 36 to shear in the axial direction at the predetermined tensile rating. The WLAK 26 will then be withdrawn through the downhole tool 11 leaving a flow path through the downhole tool. Relative movement of the WLAK 26 in withdrawal is illustrated in FIG. 3 though it is not fully withdrawn. Upon full withdrawal, the flow path 24 will be open through the tool 11.

[0012] It is to be understood that FIG. 3 is intended to illustrate the sheared position for both of the embodiments illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2. FIG. 3 directly illustrates the condition of the arrangement just after shearing for FIG. 2 and provides the appearance of the embodiment of FIG. 1 just after shearing by simply ignoring the ring 34 in FIG. 3 since that ring does not exist in the embodiment of FIG. 1. It will be understood that any type of downhole tool that uses a similar motion to set may be actuated as taught herein.

[0013] In addition to the foregoing, it is further disclosed herein that although a common single start thread may be employed for the threadforms 28 and 32 or 36 discussed herein, it has been discovered by the inventors hereof that employing a multistart threadform provides greater specificity of tensile shear ratings for the tool. Contemplated are two start, three start and four start threadforms, each of which exhibit a greater tensile specificity. For a two start, the tensile specificity is +/-10%; for a three start, the tensile specificity is +/-5%; and for a four start, the tensile specificity is +/-3%. While even greater numbers of starts are also contemplated, practicality begins to reduce efficiency.

[0014] In some embodiments hereof, the bottom sub 20 (FIG. 1 embodiment) or the ring 34 (and possibly both the bottom sub 20 and the ring) (FIG. 2 embodiment) are constructed of a degradable material such as a controlled electrolytic metallic material available from Baker Hughes Incorporated, Houston Tex. In such cases, the portions of the tool that are sheared from the WLAK 26 will dissolve and not be an impediment to any other downhole operations.

[0015] Set forth below are some embodiments of the foregoing disclosure:

[0016] Embodiment 1: A thread shear based wireline adapter kit and downhole tool setting arrangement including a downhole tool having an inside diameter flow path extending therethrough after setting of the downhole tool, a wireline adapter kit disposed in the flow path, a member disposed at a downhole end of the downhole tool, the member having a threadform therein, the threadform threaded to the wireline adapter kit, the threadform shearable to release the wireline adapter kit from the downhole tool after setting leaving the flow path open.

[0017] Embodiment 2: The arrangement as in any prior embodiment wherein the member is a bottom sub of the downhole tool.

[0018] Embodiment 3: The arrangement as in any prior embodiment wherein the member is a ring disposed adjacent and downhole of a bottom sub of the downhole tool.

[0019] Embodiment 4: The arrangement as in any prior embodiment wherein the threadform is a multistart threadform.

[0020] Embodiment 5: The arrangement as in any prior embodiment wherein the multistart threadform is a three start threadform.

[0021] Embodiment 6: The arrangement as in any prior embodiment wherein the multistart threadform is a four start threadform.

[0022] Embodiment 7: The arrangement as in any prior embodiment wherein the member is constructed of a degradable material.

[0023] Embodiment 8: The arrangement as in any prior embodiment wherein the degradable material is a controlled electrolytic metallic material.

[0024] Embodiment 9: A method for setting a downhole tool including pulling a wireline adapter kit (WLAK)that is secured to a downhole tool by a threadform, loading the threadform axially to set the tool, further loading the threadform to axially shear the threadform, releasing the WLAK from the downhole tool leaving a flow path through the downhole tool.

[0025] The use of the terms "a" and "an" and "the" and similar referents in the context of describing the invention (especially in the context of the following claims) are to be construed to cover both the singular and the plural, unless otherwise indicated herein or clearly contradicted by context. Further, it should further be noted that the terms "first," "second," and the like herein do not denote any order, quantity, or importance, but rather are used to distinguish one element from another. The modifier "about" used in connection with a quantity is inclusive of the stated value and has the meaning dictated by the context (e.g., it includes the degree of error associated with measurement of the particular quantity).

[0026] The teachings of the present disclosure may be used in a variety of well operations. These operations may involve using one or more treatment agents to treat a formation, the fluids resident in a formation, a wellbore, and/or equipment in the wellbore, such as production tubing. The treatment agents may be in the form of liquids, gases, solids, semi-solids, and mixtures thereof. Illustrative treatment agents include, but are not limited to, fracturing fluids, acids, steam, water, brine, anti-corrosion agents, cement, permeability modifiers, drilling muds, emulsifiers, demulsifiers, tracers, flow improvers etc. Illustrative well operations include, but are not limited to, hydraulic fracturing, stimulation, tracer injection, cleaning, acidizing, steam injection, water flooding, cementing, etc.

[0027] While the invention has been described with reference to an exemplary embodiment or embodiments, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes may be made and equivalents may be substituted for elements thereof without departing from the scope of the invention. In addition, many modifications may be made to adapt a particular situation or material to the teachings of the invention without departing from the essential scope thereof. Therefore, it is intended that the invention not be limited to the particular embodiment disclosed as the best mode contemplated for carrying out this invention, but that the invention will include all embodiments falling within the scope of the claims. Also, in the drawings and the description, there have been disclosed exemplary embodiments of the invention and, although specific terms may have been employed, they are unless otherwise stated used in a generic and descriptive sense only and not for purposes of limitation, the scope of the invention therefore not being so limited.

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