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United States Patent 8,941,279
Numaguchi ,   et al. January 27, 2015

Axial gap type generator

Abstract

There is provided an axial gap type generator. The axial gap type generator includes: a stator core fixed to a crank case of an engine; a rotor yoke fixed to a crankshaft of the engine and opposing the stator core across spacing in an axial direction of the crankshaft; a first planar section provided in the crankshaft and formed to have a planar shape that is perpendicular to a rotation center axis; a second planar section provided at a base, at which the rotor yoke is mounted on the crankshaft, and disposed opposing the first planar section; and a shim clamped between the first planar section and the second planar section.


Inventors: Numaguchi; Kazuya (Tokyo, JP), Hisada; Hiroyuki (Tokyo, JP)
Applicant:
Name City State Country Type

Fuji Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha

Tokyo

N/A

JP
Assignee: Fuji Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha (Tokyo, JP)
Family ID: 1000000892319
Appl. No.: 13/742,038
Filed: January 15, 2013


Prior Publication Data

Document IdentifierPublication Date
US 20130187393 A1Jul 25, 2013

Foreign Application Priority Data

Jan 19, 2012 [JP] 2012-009039

Current U.S. Class: 310/156.32; 310/156.35; 310/266
Current CPC Class: H02K 1/28 (20130101); H02K 7/1807 (20130101); F02B 63/04 (20130101); H02K 21/24 (20130101); H02K 7/1815 (20130101)
Current International Class: H02K 21/12 (20060101)
Field of Search: ;310/156.32,156.35,266,268,112-113

References Cited [Referenced By]

U.S. Patent Documents
7372182 May 2008 Poore et al.
2003/0184173 October 2003 Hashimoto et al.
2007/0273233 November 2007 Poore et al.
2009/0230693 September 2009 Yoshida et al.
2009/0230694 September 2009 Yoshida et al.
2010/0231079 September 2010 Abe et al.
2010/0320858 December 2010 Ishikawa et al.
2013/0187393 July 2013 Numaguchi et al.
Foreign Patent Documents
10-004650 Jan 1998 JP
H10-225050 Aug 1998 JP
2005-522166 Jul 2005 JP
2009-216014 Sep 2009 JP
2010-038006 Feb 2010 JP

Other References

Notification of Reason(s) for Refusal dated Dec. 3, 2013. cited by applicant.

Primary Examiner: Lam; Thanh
Attorney, Agent or Firm: McGinn IP Law Group, PLLC

Claims



What is claimed is:

1. An axial gap type generator comprising: a stator core fixed to a crank case of an engine; a rotor yoke fixed to a crankshaft of the engine and opposing the stator core across a spacing in an axial direction of the crankshaft; a first planar section provided in the crankshaft and formed to have a planar shape that is perpendicular to a rotation center axis; a second planar section provided at a base, at which the rotor yoke is mounted on the crankshaft, and disposed opposing the first planar section; and a shim clamped between the first planar section and the second planar section, wherein a flywheel of the engine is mounted on a tapered shaft formed at the base.
Description



CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

The present application claims priority from Japanese Patent Application No. 2012-009039 filed on Jan. 19, 2012, the entire contents of which are hereby incorporated by reference.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to an axial gap type generator that is mounted on an engine, and more particularly, to an axial gap type generator in which gaps between stator cores and a rotor yoke can be set with satisfactory precision.

2. Description of the Related Art

For general-purpose engines or the like for industrial use, there is known a configuration in which a generator is connected with one end of a crankshaft protruding out of an engine main body.

For instance, a technique disclosed in Japanese Unexamined Patent Application Publication (JP-A) No. H10-4650 provides magnets for power generation at a flywheel that is fixed to the crankshaft end of a motorcycle engine, and coils for power generation, the coils being fixed to the engine at sites that oppose the magnets in the radial direction.

Furthermore, in recent years, the use of an axial gap type generator has been proposed for compact generator configurations. In the axial gap type generator, stator cores that are fixed to the engine and are provided with power generation coils, and rotor yokes that are provided with magnets for power generation and rotate together with a crankshaft are disposed opposing one another in the center axis direction of the crankshaft.

For instance, in an axial gap type generator disclosed in JP-A No. 2009-216014, a stator core fixed to an engine is disposed in a spacing between a pair of rotor yokes that protrude from a crankshaft towards the outer diameter side and are spaced apart from each other in the axial direction.

Also, in an axial gap type generator disclosed JP-A No. 2010-038006, protrusions that are integrally formed with a stator are directly connected with a support member on the side of an engine, thereby enhancing the positioning precision of a stator core with respect to the engine.

In axial gap type generators such as those described above, the efficiency of the generator depends on the axial-direction gap between a stator core and a rotor yoke. Therefore, it is important to set the gap with satisfactory precision.

However, the axial-direction positional relationship between a crank case on which the stator core is mounted and the crankshaft on which the rotor yoke is mounted exhibits unavoidable variability on account of the influence of dimensional tolerances of the various parts.

In the cases where, as a result of such influence, the rotor yoke becomes offset, in the axial direction, with respect to the position at which is should stand, the power generation efficiency drops accompanying changes in the gap of the generator.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

In the light of the above, it is an object of the present invention to provide an axial gap type generator in which the gap between stator cores and a rotor yoke can be set with satisfactory precision.

A first aspect of the present invention provides an axial gap type generator that includes: a stator core fixed to a crank case of an engine; a rotor yoke fixed to a crankshaft of the engine and opposing the stator core across a spacing in an axial direction of the crankshaft; a first planar section provided in the crankshaft and formed to have a planar shape that is perpendicular to a rotation center axis; a second planar section provided at a base, at which the rotor yoke is mounted on the crankshaft, and disposed opposing the first planar section; and a shim clamped between the first planar section and the second planar section.

Thus, by selecting the shim clamped between the first planar section and the second planar section, it becomes possible to appropriately regulate the positional relationship between the crank case and the stator cores that are fixed thereto, and the rotor yoke even if the axial-direction position of the crankshaft with respect to the crank case exhibits variability, and it becomes likewise possible to enhance the precision of the gap between the rotor yoke and the stator cores, and to improve power generation efficiency.

Preferably, a flywheel of the engine is mounted on the base.

As a result, the axial gap type generator and the flywheel can be mounted, in a compact manner, on an engine main unit, and the entire product encompassing the engine and the generator can be made smaller and lighter.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional diagram of an engine that is provided with an embodiment of an axial gap type generator according to the present invention;

FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective-view diagram of the engine and the axial gap type generator of FIG. 1; and

FIG. 3 is an external perspective-view diagram of a generator case of the axial gap type generator of FIG. 1.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

The present invention provides an axial gap type generator in which the gap between a stator core and a rotor yoke can be set with good precision, by mounting the rotor yoke onto a crankshaft using an adapter that is capable of clamping a shim for gap adjustment between the adapter and the end face of the crankshaft.

[Embodiment]

Hereinafter, an embodiment of the axial gap type generator according to the present invention will be described.

The axial gap type generator of the embodiment is mounted on, for instance, one of the ends of a crankshaft of a general-purpose engine for industrial use.

FIG. 1 is a cross-sectional diagram of an engine provided with the axial gap type generator of the embodiment.

FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective-view diagram of the engine and the axial gap type generator of FIG. 1.

An engine 1 in the drawings is, for instance, a single-cylinder four-stroke OHC gasoline engine.

The engine 1 includes a crankshaft 10, a crank case 20 and so forth.

The crankshaft 10 is an output shaft of the engine 1 and is rotatably supported on a bearing that is provided in the crank case 20.

The crankshaft 10 has, for instance, a crank pin 11, a crank arm 12, a crank weight 13 and the like at an intermediate portion thereof, and is supported on bearings on both sides.

The crankshaft 10 has output shafts 14 and 15 that respectively protrude from both sides of the crank case 20.

The output shaft 14 drives a below-described axial gap type generator 100 that is mounted on the output shaft 14.

An end face 14a at the leading end of the output shaft 14 is formed in a planar shape that extends in a direction perpendicular to the axial direction.

A screw hole 14b is formed from the end face 14a along the axial direction. The screw hole 14b is used to co-fastened a flywheel 210 and an adapter 160 that fixes a rotor yoke 150 of the axial gap type generator 100.

The output shaft 15 is connected with an unillustrated driven device.

The crank case 20 is a container-like member that houses and rotatably supports the intermediate portion of the crankshaft 10.

A cylinder unit of the engine 1 is integrally formed with the crank case 20. A cylinder head 30 (FIG. 2) and the like is mounted at the cylinder unit. The cylinder head 30 has intake and exhaust ports, a valve train, a drive system thereof, spark plugs and so forth.

As illustrated in FIG. 1, oil O for lubricating the engine 1 is stored at the bottom in the crank case 20.

The axial gap type generator 100 is mounted on the engine 1.

The axial gap type generator 100 includes, for instance, a front case 110, a rear case 120, a front stator core 130, a rear stator core 140, the rotor yoke 150, the adapter 160.

The front case 110 and the rear case 120 are configured in the form of two split cases divided in the axial direction, and serve as a housing (generator case) containing the constituent members of the axial gap type generator 100.

FIG. 3 is an external perspective-view diagram of the front case viewed from the crank case.

The front case 110 is integrally formed with a disc 111, a peripheral wall 112, cooling fins 113, mounting sections 114 and the like, by, for instance, die-casting of an aluminum alloy.

The disc 111 is plate and disc shaped, and is disposed along a plane that is perpendicular to the center axis of the crankshaft 10.

An opening 111a is formed at the central section of the disc 111. The crankshaft 10 is inserted through the opening 111a.

Screw holes 111b for fastening the front stator core 130 are formed in the disc 111 such that they are distributed in the peripheral direction.

The peripheral wall 112 is a surface section that extends, from the outer peripheral edge of the disc 111, along the axial direction of the crankshaft 10, towards the side opposite to the crank case 20.

The cooling fins 113 protrude in the radial direction, from the outer peripheral face of the peripheral wall 112.

The cooling fins 113 are formed in fin shapes such that they extend along the direction of flow of cooling air that is generated by a below-described blower fan 211. The cooling fins 113 are distributed in the peripheral direction of the front case 110.

The cooling air flows through the spacings between the cooling fins 113 towards the cylinder head 30.

The mounting sections 114 make up a generator case support that constitutes a base at which the front case 110 is fixed to the crank case 20.

As an example, four mounting sections 114 are provided in FIG. 3. The four mounting sections 114 are distributed in the peripheral direction of the disc 111, and protrude from the outer peripheral edge of the disc 111 of the front case 110 towards the outer diameter side.

The mounting sections 114 are disposed at the outer diameter side with respect to the outer peripheral edges of the front stator core 130 and the rear stator core 140.

Bolt holes 114a are formed in respective mounting sections 114. Bolts for fastening the front case 110 to the crank case 20 are inserted through the bolt holes 114a.

Abutting face sections 114b at which the mounting sections 114 abut the crank case 20 protrude in the form of steps on the crank case 20 side of the disc 111.

As a result, a spacing is provided between the disc 111 and the crank case 20 upon fastening of the front case 110 to the crank case 20.

Connection sites for connecting the mounting sections 114 and the crank case 20 are disposed apart from the area at which high-temperature oil O is stored, with the crank case 20 viewed in the axial direction of the crankshaft 10.

The rear case 120 is disposed on the side opposite of the crank case 20, across the front case 110.

The rear case 120 is integrally formed with a disc 121, a peripheral wall 122, cooling fins 123 and the like, by, for instance, die-casting of an aluminum alloy.

The disc 121 is plate and disc shaped, and is disposed along a plane that is perpendicular to the center axis of the crankshaft 10.

An opening is formed at the central section of the disc 121. The adapter 160 is inserted through this opening. The opening is formed substantially in the same way as the opening 111a of the front case 110.

Screw holes for fastening the rear stator core 140 are formed, in the disc 121 such that they are distributed in the peripheral direction. These screw holes are formed substantially in the same way as the screw holes 111b of the front case 110.

The peripheral wall 122 is a surface section that extends, from the outer peripheral edge of the disc 121, along the axial direction of the crankshaft 10, towards the crank case 20 (towards the front case 110).

The peripheral wall 112 of the front case 110 and the peripheral wall 122 of the rear case 120 are joined in a state where the leading end edges of the peripheral walls abut each other, and are fastened by way of bolts or the like.

In order to enhance the relative alignment precision between the front case 110 and the rear case 120, portions of the leading end of the peripheral wall 112 on the inner diameter side of the front case 110 protrudes, in the form of a step towards the rear case 120, while at the leading end of the peripheral wall 122 there are formed stepped recesses onto which these protrusions fit.

The front case 110 and the rear case 120 are positioned through a so-called "socket-and-spigot joint" such that the protrusions of the peripheral wall 112 fit onto the recesses of the peripheral wall 122.

The cooling fins 123 protrude in the radial direction from the outer peripheral face of the peripheral wall 122.

The cooling fins 123 are formed substantially in the same way as the cooling fins 113 of the front case 110 described above.

The cooling fins 113 and the cooling fins 123 are disposed at overlapping positions in the peripheral direction of the axial gap type generator 100, and are formed so as to configure a substantially continuous surface section.

Power generation coils are provided at the front stator core 130 and the rear stator core 140. The Power generation coils are configured by, for example, winding coils around an iron core.

The front stator core 130 is mounted on the surface section on the rear case 120 side of the disc 111 of the front case 110.

The rear stator core 140 is mounted on the surface section on the front case 110 side of the disc 121 of the rear case 120.

The front stator core 130 and the rear stator core 140 are formed split into a plurality of pieces in the peripheral direction, such that the pieces are fastened to respective discs 111 and 121 by way of screws.

The front stator core 130 and the rear stator core 140 are disposed opposing each other in the axial direction of the crankshaft 10.

The rotor yoke 150 is configured through mounting of permanent magnets 151 for power generation on both sides of a disc-like member that has an opening in the central section.

The rotor yoke 150 is disposed between the front stator core 130 and the rear stator core 140, with a predetermined gap left between the stator cores.

The rotor yoke 150 is fixed to the crankshaft 10 by way of the below-described adapter 160, and rotates relatively with respect to the stator cores 130 and 140 during the operation of the engine 1.

The adapter 160 is fixed to the output shaft 14 of the crankshaft 10, and the rotor yoke 150 is fixed to the adapter 160.

The adapter 160 is integrally formed with a disc 161, a tubular section 162, a shim clamper 163 and a flywheel mounting section 164.

The inner diameter-side portion of the rotor yoke 150 is fastened to the outer diameter-side portion of the disc 161. The disc 161 is plate and disc shaped.

The disc 161 is disposed inside the rear case 120 such that the position of the disc 161 in the axial direction of the crankshaft 10 is in the vicinity of the leading end of the output shaft 14.

The rotor yoke 150 is mounted on the surface section on the crank case 20 side of the disc 161.

The tubular section 162 is cylinder shaped and protrudes from the surface section on the crank case 20 side of the disc 161. The output shaft 14 of the crankshaft 10 is inserted into the tubular section 162.

The shim clamper 163 is a surface section that forms a bottom face of the tubular section 162, and is plane shaped in a direction perpendicular to the rotation axis direction of the crankshaft 10.

A disc-like shim S for adjusting the axial-direction position of the rotor yoke 150 is clamped between the shim clamper 163 and the end face 14a of the output shaft 14 of the crankshaft 10.

The thickness of the shim S is set in such a manner that the rotor yoke 150 is disposed so as to leave appropriate gaps with respect to the front stator core 130 and the rear stator core 140.

Specifically, for instance, the distance, in the axial direction of the crankshaft 10, between the end face 14a of the output shaft 14 and a site for measurement is measured, the site being set beforehand at the crank case 20 or at a member fixed thereto. A shim is selected that has a thickness corresponding to the measured distance, on the basis of prepared correlation data of distance-shim thickness.

The flywheel mounting section 164 is shaped as a tapered shaft and protrudes from the disc 161 to the side opposite to the crank case 20.

The flywheel 210 of the engine 1 is mounted on the flywheel mounting section 164.

As illustrated in FIG. 1, the flywheel 210 and the adapter 160 are co-fastened and fixed to the crankshaft 10 with a high-tension bolt B.

Connection strength can be secured easily by thus configuring the flywheel mounting section 164 in the shape of a tapered shaft.

The blower fan 211 that generates cooling air during rotation is integrally formed with the flywheel 210.

The flywheel 210 is provided with a blower housing base 220 and a blower housing 230 respectively on the crank case 20 side and on the opposite side of the crank case 20.

The blower housing base 220 and the blower housing 230 are fixed to the rear case 120 and are disposed surrounding the flywheel 210, including the blower fan 211. The blower housing base 220 and the blower housing 230 form an air flow path in which cooling air passes by the cooling fins 113 and 123 and reaches the cylinder and the cylinder head 30.

The embodiment explained above elicits the following effects.

(1) The rotor yoke 150 is mounted on the crankshaft 10 via the adapter 160 mounted in a state where the shim S, the thickness whereof can be selected, is clamped between the adapter 160 and the end face 14a of the crankshaft 10; as a result, the gaps between the rotor yoke 150 and the stator cores 130 and 140 can be set with good precision, even in cases where the axial-direction position of the crankshaft 10 with respect to the crank case 20 varies due to the accumulation of dimensional tolerances of the various parts.

(2) The flywheel 210 of the engine 1 is mounted on the adapter 160; as a result, the entire product including the main unit of the engine 1, the axial gap type generator 100, the flywheel 210 and so forth can be configured in a compact and lightweight manner.

[Variation]

The present invention is not limited to the embodiment explained above, and may accommodate various alterations and modifications, which lie within the technical scope of the present invention.

The shape, structure, material, manufacturing method, disposition and so forth of the various members that constitute the engine and the axial gap type generator are not limited to those in the configuration of the above-described embodiment, and can be appropriately altered.

In the embodiment, the rotor yoke is mounted on the crankshaft by way of a separate adapter, but a portion corresponding to the adapter of the embodiment may be integrally formed at the inner diameter-side portion of the rotor yoke.

In the embodiment, a shim is interposed between the adapter and the end face of the crankshaft, but the invention is not limited thereto. Alternatively, for instance, a step or a flange may be provided at the intermediate portion of the crankshaft, and the shim may be clamped between the adapter and a planar section that is formed at the step or flange.

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