Easy To Use Patents Search & Patent Lawyer Directory

At Patents you can conduct a Patent Search, File a Patent Application, find a Patent Attorney, or search available technology through our Patent Exchange. Patents are available using simple keyword or date criteria. If you are looking to hire a patent attorney, you've come to the right place. Protect your idea and hire a patent lawyer.


Search All Patents:



  This Patent May Be For Sale or Lease. Contact Us

  Is This Your Patent? Claim This Patent Now.



Register or Login To Download This Patent As A PDF




United States Patent 9,933,127
Sapt ,   et al. April 3, 2018

Vehicle light

Abstract

This invention relates to illumination systems, namely, to automotive headlamps and can be used as the principal head lighting of light and cargo vehicles. The automotive headlamp includes at least one LED and a system of lenses. The system of lenses includes both composite diverging and regulating lenses. The composite diverging lens is made up of two plano-concave lenses. The composite regulating lens is made up of the converging plano-convex lens and the refracting right-angled wedge placed in a series through the luminous flux. The composite regulating lens is placed between the LED and the composite diverging lens, which is suitable for controllable obscuration of the light flux. The invention enhances the reliability of the high/low-beam switch system.


Inventors: Sapt; Georgiy Pavlovich (Moscow, RU), Davydov; Maxim Yurievich (Moscow, RU)
Applicant:
Name City State Country Type

Sapt; Georgiy Pavlovich
Davydov; Maxim Yurievich

Moscow
Moscow

N/A
N/A

RU
RU
Family ID: 1000003213887
Appl. No.: 14/909,101
Filed: August 8, 2013
PCT Filed: August 08, 2013
PCT No.: PCT/RU2013/000688
371(c)(1),(2),(4) Date: January 29, 2016
PCT Pub. No.: WO2015/020555
PCT Pub. Date: February 12, 2015


Prior Publication Data

Document IdentifierPublication Date
US 20160178154 A1Jun 23, 2016

Current U.S. Class: 1/1
Current CPC Class: F21S 41/285 (20180101); F21S 41/63 (20180101); F21S 41/663 (20180101); G02B 19/0019 (20130101); G02B 19/0061 (20130101); F21S 41/143 (20180101); B60Q 1/12 (20130101); F21S 41/25 (20180101); F21S 41/265 (20180101); F21S 41/635 (20180101); F21V 5/008 (20130101); F21V 5/048 (20130101); B60Q 1/124 (20130101)
Current International Class: F21V 5/00 (20180101); G02B 19/00 (20060101); B60Q 1/124 (20060101); F21V 5/04 (20060101); B60Q 1/12 (20060101)
Field of Search: ;362/520,521,522,331

References Cited [Referenced By]

U.S. Patent Documents
2760051 August 1956 Schmidt
3253525 May 1966 Merkel
3507565 April 1970 Alvarez
4118109 October 1978 Crawford
4345303 August 1982 Gerard
4771372 September 1988 Litetar
5795057 August 1998 Weigert
5997163 December 1999 Brown
6337873 January 2002 Goering
6344937 February 2002 Sparrold
7217002 May 2007 Jungel-Schmid
8079734 December 2011 Hou
2004/0090519 May 2004 Mikhailov
2008/0129964 June 2008 Alasaarela
2008/0151567 June 2008 Albou
2009/0122547 May 2009 Hou
2009/0122549 May 2009 Hou
2009/0262546 October 2009 Stefanov
2010/0165628 July 2010 Davydov
2010/0321940 December 2010 Zhong
2011/0305007 December 2011 Chang
Foreign Patent Documents
1162911 Sep 1969 DE
10344172 Apr 2005 DE
Primary Examiner: Gyllstrom; Bryon T
Assistant Examiner: Endo; James
Attorney, Agent or Firm: Inventa Capital PLC

Claims



The invention claimed is:

1. An automobile comprising a steering input and an automobile headlamp, the automobile headlamp comprising: at least one LED; and a lens system including a composite diverging lens made up of a first plano-concave lens and a second plano-concave lens; and a composite regulating lens for controllable obscuration of the light flux located between the at least one LED and the composite diverging lens, the composite regulating lens made up of a converging plano-convex lens and a refracting, right-angled wedge placed in a series through the light flux, and a revolute system between the composite diverging and regulating lenses, the revolute system made up of two cylindrical refracting wedges, the flat bottom side of each cylindrical refracting wedge facing each other, where at leant one of the cylindrical refracting wedges rotates with respect to the optical axis of the lens system synchronized with the steering input of the automobile.

2. The automotive headlamp as set forth in claim 1, including the at least one LED equipped with a collimator lens.

3. The automotive headlamp as set fort in claim 1, wherein the composite diverging lens has the first plano-concave lens through the light flux facing the at least one LED with its concave side, with the second plano-concave lens facing the at least one LED.
Description



FIELD OF INVENTION

This invention relates to illumination systems, namely, to automotive headlamps and can be used as the principal head lighting of light and cargo vehicles.

The automotive headlamp is known from previous equipment to comprise at least one LED and a lens system including a composite diverging lens made up of two plano-concave lenses (see Patent RU 82178, Class F21S 2/00, published on Apr. 20, 2009). Among the drawbacks of this common device are a high probability of complete failure and poor focusing accuracy of the high/low-beam switch system based on the linear displacement of the plano-concave lenses. The object of this invention is to eliminate these drawbacks.

The technical result is to increase the reliability of operation of the high/low-beam switch system. The task at hand is solved and the technical result is achieved through the fact that the automotive headlamp comprises of at least one LED and lens system including a composite diverging lens made up of two plano-concave lenses and located between the LED and the composite diverging lens, which allows for controllable obscuration of the light flux to control the composite lens, which is made up of the converging plano-convex lens and the refracting right-angled wedge placed in a series through the luminous flux. The composite diverging and regulating lenses can have a revolute system between them featuring two cylindrical refracting wedges, with their flat bottoms located next to each other, where at least one of them is rotatable with respect to the optical axis of the system synchronized with the steering input. The LED is preferably equipped with a collimator lens. The composite diverging lens has the first lens through the luminous flux facing the LED with its concave side, while the second one faces it with its flat side.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 shows the proposed automotive headlamp;

FIG. 2 shows the path of optical beams at the output of the headlamp;

FIG. 3 shows the steering system in a straight position and the corresponding light spot on the roadway;

FIG. 4 shows the same as FIG. 3 with the steering input;

FIG. 5 shows the composite regulating lens in a position not obscuring the light beam;

FIG. 6 shows the same as FIG. 5 in a position obscuring the light beam;

FIG. 7 shows the path of optical beams with no composite regulating lens, profile view;

FIG. 8 shows the path of optical beams with no composite regulating lens, top view;

FIG. 9 shows the path of optical beams with the composite regulating lens, profile view;

FIG. 10 shows the path of optical beams with the composite regulating lens, top view.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

The automotive headlamp is composed of one or more LEDs, 1 is equipped with a collimator lens, as well as an optical system consisting of blocks A, B and C. Block A is the composite diverging lens made up of the two plano-concave lenses 2 and 3. The first lens through the luminous flux 3 has its concave side facing the LED, whereas the second lens 2 faces the LED with its flat side. LED 1 and the composite diverging lens of Block A have the composite regulating lens of Block C in between, suitable for controllable obscuration of the light flux. The Block C lens is made up of converging plano-convex lens 4 and refracting right-angled wedge 5 placed in a series through the luminous flux.

The composite diverging lens of Block A and the composite regulating lens of Block C have the revolute system of Block B made up of two cylindrical refracting wedges 6 and 7. Wedges 6-7 are located on the same optical axis with their flat bottoms facing each other. At least one of wedges 6-7 is designed to be rotatable with respect to the optical axis of the system synchronized with the steering input.

The proposed headlamp provides the ability to work in the following operating modes: Low-beam mode, High-beam mode due to reconfiguration of the light beam using Block C, Light beam turn mode in which the beam follows the steering-wheel angle by using Block B.

The role of the composite diverging lens of Block A is the expansion of the light beam along axes. Diverging plano-concave lens 3 extends the light beam along the X-axis, whose radius of curvature is based on the requirements for the optical system. Diverging plano-concave lens 2 extends the light beam along the Y-axis, whose radius of curvature is selected in such a way that the upper part of the light flux passing through Block A is parallel to the optical axis, and with an increased tilt of the bottom part. Thus, the underlying concept of design of automotive headlamp optics is fulfilled: In low-beam mode the upper part of the light beam has zero tilt angle relative to the horizon and therefore does not blind drivers in oncoming traffic.

Block B is designed to provide the rotation of the light beam during steering input. In the neutral position, wedges 6-7 neutralize the refraction angles of each other: By first passing through wedge 6, the light beam is refracted at an angle of N degrees along the Y-axis, but when passing through wedge 7, it is repeatedly refracted by -N degrees, thereby leaving the resulting angle unchanged. When turning relative to each other, the wedges' total angle of refraction changes, and the light beam diverges from a straight line. Thus, the revolute system allows for a change in the direction of the light beam of the headlamp relative to the road, i.e. illuminate the road space during and after a turn.

Adjustment of the relative angle of rotation of wedges 6-7 may be: Three-positional, i.e. it can have three positions--two outer and one neutral position, implemented using one or more solenoids. Incremental, i.e. the rotation of the wedges can be broken down into specific increments related to certain angles. This can be implemented by using stepping motors. Smooth, i.e. the angle of rotation of the wedges is accurately tied to the angle of the steering wheel or other controls. It can be implemented by using an electric motor or microprocessor control unit.

Block C represents a high/low-beam switch system. In the retracted position, the composite regulating lens operates in low-beam mode, and in the working position (on the optical axis of the system) it intercepts the light beam by focusing it and increasing its range--high-beam mode. Lens movement control is carried out using a solenoid.

The proposed optical system is complete and can be used as the main headlight for vehicles, public transport, special vehicles, and railway rolling stock. A headlight system can have a single system or be made up of several similar systems (this may be due to the requirements for capacity of the LED light source used for the system). Lenses and other elements can be made from either K8 optical glass or acrylic glass. Due to the difference in the refraction indices of each material, a corresponding adjustment is required for the radii of curvature and tilt angles. As far as merits of the proposed headlamp are concerned, as compared to the currently existing LED systems used for automotive optics, the following can be pointed out: The system is free from reflectors and is designed completely using lenses, which allows for a great level of precision in producing a light beam.

When forming the low/high beam, 100% of the original light beam is used, as compared to the currently existing systems where a low-beam mode has a 50% cutoff of the light used, thus adversely affecting its efficiency. In addition, the selection of the high/low-beam lighting system in a separate Block C can significantly enhance its reliability and positioning accuracy. The light beam rotation system is implemented using two light elements (refracting wedges) relative to each other, as compared to the currently existing systems, which utilize rotation of the entire headlamp casing or its basic blocks, thus exerting a greater load on the power grid of the vehicle and complicating the design of the headlamp.

While the invention has been described with reference to an exemplary embodiment, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes may be made and equivalents may be substituted for elements thereof without departing from the scope of the invention. In addition, many modifications may be made to adapt a particular situation or material to the teachings of the invention without departing from the essential scope thereof. Therefore, it is intended that the invention not be limited to the particular embodiment disclosed as the best mode contemplated for carrying out this invention, but that the invention will include all embodiments falling within the scope of the appended claims.

* * * * *

File A Patent Application

  • Protect your idea -- Don't let someone else file first. Learn more.

  • 3 Easy Steps -- Complete Form, application Review, and File. See our process.

  • Attorney Review -- Have your application reviewed by a Patent Attorney. See what's included.